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  1. Content type: Research article

    Active inversion and eversion ankle range of motion (ROM) is widely used to evaluate treatment effect, however the error associated with the available measurement protocols is unknown. This study aimed to esta...

    Authors: Collette Menadue, Jacqueline Raymond, Sharon L Kilbreath, Kathryn M Refshauge and Roger Adams

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:60

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Chronic neck pain is highly prevalent in Western societies, with about 15% of females and 10% of males suffering with it at any time. The course of untreated chronic neck pain patients in clinical trials has n...

    Authors: Howard Vernon, B Kim Humphreys and Carol Hagino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:58

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Endostatin is a C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII which is a component of basement membranes with the structural properties of both collagens and proteoglycans. Endostatin has a major role in angiogenesis ...

    Authors: Annina Sipola, Katri Nelo, Timo Hautala, Joanna Ilvesaro and Juha Tuukkanen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:56

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    This article describes the background and study design of the PROMO study (Prospective Research on Musculoskeletal disorders in Office workers). Few longitudinal studies have been performed to investigate the ...

    Authors: Stefan IJmker, Birgitte M Blatter, Allard J van der Beek, Willem van Mechelen and Paulien M Bongers

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:55

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Clinical guidelines generally portray acute low back pain as a benign and self-limiting condition. However, evidence about the clinical course of acute low back pain is contradictory and the risk of subsequent...

    Authors: Nicholas Henschke, Christopher G Maher, Kathryn M Refshauge, Robert D Herbert, Robert G Cumming, Jane Bleasel, John York, Anurina Das and James H McAuley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:54

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Independent of efficacy, information on safety of surgical procedures is essential for informed choices. We seek to develop standardized methodology for describing the safety of spinal operations and apply the...

    Authors: Sohail K Mirza, Richard A Deyo, Patrick J Heagerty, Judith A Turner, Lorri A Lee and Robert Goodkin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:53

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The chondro-osseous junctional region of diarthrodial joints is peculiarly complex and may be considered to consist of the deepest layer of non-calcified cartilage, the tidemark, the layer of calcified cartila...

    Authors: Tim J Lyons, Sheena F McClure, Robert W Stoddart and John McClure

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:52

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The rehabilitation of knee osteoarthritis often includes electrotherapeutic modalities as well as advice and exercise. One commonly used modality is pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF). PEMF uses elect...

    Authors: Christopher James McCarthy, Michael James Callaghan and Jacqueline Anne Oldham

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:51

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  9. Content type: Research article

    A commercially available nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite paste Ostim® has been reported in few recent studies to surpass other synthetic bone substitutes with respect to the observed clinical results. However, the...

    Authors: Franz-Xaver Huber, Orlin Belyaev, Joachim Hillmeier, Hans-Juergen Kock, Colette Huber, Peter-Juergen Meeder and Irina Berger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:50

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a common cause of foot pain and dysfunction in adults. Clinical observations strongly suggest that the condition is progressive. There are currently no controlle...

    Authors: Kornelia Kulig, Amy B Pomrantz, Judith M Burnfield, Stephen F Reischl, Susan Mais-Requejo, David B Thordarson and Ronald W Smith

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:49

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is highly prevalent and has substantial impact on quality of life as well as on healthcare costs. The general practitioner (GP) often is the first care provider for patients with this chron...

    Authors: Thomas Rosemann, Michel Wensing, Katharina Joest, Matthias Backenstrass, Cornelia Mahler and Joachim Szecsenyi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:48

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Passive joint mobilisation is a technique frequently used by physiotherapists to reduce pain, improve joint movement and facilitate a return to activities after injury, but its use after ankle fracture is curr...

    Authors: C Christine Lin, Anne M Moseley, Kathryn M Refshauge, Marion Haas and Robert D Herbert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:46

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar segmental rigidity (LSR) and lumbar segmental instability (LSI) are believed to be associated with low back pain (LBP), and identification of these disorders is believed to be useful for directing inter...

    Authors: J Haxby Abbott, Julie M Fritz, Brendan McCane, Barry Shultz, Peter Herbison, Brett Lyons, Georgia Stefanko and Richard M Walsh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:45

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The 30-item disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire is increasingly used in clinical research involving upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. From the original DASH a shorter versi...

    Authors: Christina Gummesson, Michael M Ward and Isam Atroshi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:44

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The study was aimed at determining the prevalence of secondary amyloidosis in a group of Iranian patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), and the assessment of its correlation with the clinical and laboratory ...

    Authors: G Hussein Alishiri, Ahmad Salimzadeh, Mohammad Bagher Owlia, Jafar Forghanizadeh, Roya Setarehshenas and Nasrin Shayanfar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:43

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Open discectomy is the standard surgical procedure in the treatment of patients with long-lasting sciatica caused by lumbar disc herniation. Minimally invasive approaches such as microendoscopic discectomy hav...

    Authors: Mark P Arts, Wilco C Peul, Ronald Brand, Bart W Koes and Ralph TWM Thomeer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:42

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Acute scaphoid fractures are common in active adults and do lead to reasonable time lost to work. One important goal of treatment is early return to work or sport. On this background, the adequate treatment of...

    Authors: Boris M Pfeiffer, Matthias Nübling, Hartmut R Siebert and Michael Schädel-Höpfner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:41

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene contains a functional polymorphism, Val158Met, that has been found to influence human pain perception. In one study fibromyalgia was less likely among those with Val/V...

    Authors: Knut Hagen, Elin Pettersen, Lars Jacob Stovner, Frank Skorpen and John-Anker Zwart

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:40

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  19. Content type: Research article

    As the literature now stands, a bewildering number and variety of biological, psychological and social factors are, apparently, implicated in back problems. However, if and how these have a direct influence on...

    Authors: Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Kristian Larsen, Ingvar Ahlstrand and Ernest Volinn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:39

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Self-reported knee complaints may vary with age and gender. Reference data from the adult population would help to better interpret the outcome of interventions due to knee complaints. The objectives of the pr...

    Authors: Przemyslaw T Paradowski, Stefan Bergman, Anne Sundén-Lundius, L Stefan Lohmander and Ewa M Roos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:38

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  21. Content type: Technical advance

    In hand and spinal surgery nerve lesions are feared complications with the use of standard oscillating saws. Oral surgeons have started using a newly developed ultrasound bone scalpel when performing precise o...

    Authors: Dominik J Hoigne, Stefan Stübinger, Oliver Von Kaenel, Sonia Shamdasani and Paula Hasenboehler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:36

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The maintenance of postural control is fundamental for different types of physical activity. This can be measured by having subjects stand on one leg on a force plate. Many studies assessing standing balance h...

    Authors: Gertrud Nilsson, Eva Ageberg, Charlotte Ekdahl and Magnus Eneroth

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:35

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Current measures of pain assess the relative contribution of pain in different body regions to the overall impact of pain. We developed a series of questions to measure the relative 'troublesomeness' of pain i...

    Authors: Suzanne Parsons, Dawn Carnes, Tamar Pincus, Nadine Foster, Alan Breen, Steven Vogel and Martin Underwood

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:34

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The reliability and measurement error of several impairment measures used during the clinical examination of patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) has not been established. The purpose was to deter...

    Authors: Sara R Piva, Kelley Fitzgerald, James J Irrgang, Scott Jones, Benjamin R Hando, David A Browder and John D Childs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:33

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Autologous and allogeneic osteochondral grafts have been used to repair damaged or diseased cartilage. There are drawbacks to both of these methods, however. Another possible source for osteochondral grafting ...

    Authors: Jill S Kawalec-Carroll, Vincent J Hetherington, Douglas S Dockery, Carey Shive, Oleg S Targoni, Paul V Lehmann, Daniel Nadler and Dustin Prins

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:32

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Patellofemoral complaints are frequently seen in younger and active patients. Clinical strategy is usually based on decreasing provoking activities as sports and demanding knee activities during work and leisu...

    Authors: Robbart van Linschoten, Marienke van Middelkoop, Marjolein Y Berger, Edith M Heintjes, Mark A Koopmanschap, Jan AN Verhaar, Bart W Koes and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:31

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Selective non-participation at baseline (due to non-response and non-consent) and loss to follow-up are important concerns for longitudinal observational research. We investigated these matters in the context ...

    Authors: George Peat, Elaine Thomas, June Handy, Laurence Wood, Krysia Dziedzic, Helen Myers, Ross Wilkie, Rachel Duncan, Elaine Hay, Jonathan Hill, Rosie Lacey and Peter Croft

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:30

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  28. Content type: Research article

    It has previously been shown that low back pain (LBP) often presents already in the teenage years and that previous LBP predicts future LBP. It is also well documented that there is a large degree of comorbidi...

    Authors: Lise Hestbaek, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Kirsten O Kyvik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:29

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The Clubfoot Assessment Protocol (CAP) is a multi dimensional instrument designed for longitudinal follow up of the clubfoot deformity during growth. Item reliability has shown to be sufficient. In this articl...

    Authors: Hanneke Andriesse, Ewa M Roos, Gunnar Hägglund and Gun-Britt Jarnlo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:28

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  30. Content type: Research article

    With more than half of the population experiencing low back pain (LBP) before the age of 20, research must focus on young populations. Lifestyle-factors might be important elements of prevention, since they ar...

    Authors: Lise Hestbaek, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Kirsten Ohm Kyvik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:27

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Disease-specific Quality Of Life (QOL) measures are devised to assess the impact of a specific disease across a spectrum of important domains of life. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-section...

    Authors: Helen Razmjou, Andrea Bean, Varda van Osnabrugge, Joy C MacDermid and Richard Holtby

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:26

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Rotator cuff tears are the most common source of shoulder pain and disability. Only poor quality studies have compared mini-open to arthroscopic repair, leaving surgeons with inadequate evidence to support opt...

    Authors: Joy C MacDermid, Richard Holtby, Helen Razmjou and Dianne Bryant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:25

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the criterion standard to identify low bone mineral density (BMD), but access to axial DXA may be limited or cost prohibitive. We screened for low bone mass with quant...

    Authors: Nan-Ping Yang, Ian Jen, Shao-Yuan Chuang, Shui-Hu Chen and Pesus Chou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:24

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Mouse and human skeletal muscle transcriptome profiles vary by muscle type, raising the question of which mouse muscle groups have the greatest molecular similarities to human skeletal muscle.

    Authors: Alvin T Kho, Peter B Kang, Isaac S Kohane and Louis M Kunkel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:23

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  35. Content type: Research article

    A common knee injury mechanism sustained during basketball is landing badly from a jump. Landing is a complex task and requires good coordination, dynamic muscle control and flexibility. For adolescents whose ...

    Authors: Quinette Louw, Karen Grimmer and Christopher Vaughan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:22

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Cyclic hydrostatic pressure within bone has been proposed both as a stimulus of aseptic implant loosening and associated bone resorption and of bone formation. We showed previously that cyclical hydrostatic pr...

    Authors: CE Evans, S Mylchreest and JG Andrew

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:21

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The most frequent complications of joint arthroplasty are septic or aseptic loosening of endoprostheses. Preoperative differentiation is essential, since very different treatment methods result from the diagno...

    Authors: K-St Delank, M Schmidt, JW-P Michael, M Dietlein, H Schicha and P Eysel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:20

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  38. Content type: Research article

    For the moment, scientific evaluation of programs on treatment of pregnancy-related pelvic girdle and/or low back pain after delivery is hardly available with only one study with a positive result, suggesting ...

    Authors: Caroline HG Bastiaenen, Rob A de Bie, Pieter MJC Wolters, Johan WS Vlaeyen, Pieter Leffers, Foekje Stelma, Janneke M Bastiaanssen, Gerard GM Essed and Piet A van den Brandt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:19

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Polymethyl-methacrylate (PMMA) beads releasing antibiotics are used extensively to treat osteomyelitis, but require surgical removal afterwards because they do not degrade.

    Authors: Hein P Stallmann, Chris Faber, Antonius LJJ Bronckers, Arie V Nieuw Amerongen and Paul IJM Wuisman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:18

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The course of pain at a specific region such as the lower back has previously been shown as well as for generalized pain. However we have not found any report on the course of pain from various different speci...

    Authors: Christina Gummesson, Sven-Olof Isacsson, Agneta H Isacsson, H Ingemar Andersson, John Ektor-Andersen, Per-Olof Östergren and Bertil Hanson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:17

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  41. Content type: Research article

    While it is widely held that non-surgical management should be the first line of approach in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), little is known about the efficacy of non-surgical treatments for this c...

    Authors: Donald R Murphy, Eric L Hurwitz, Amy A Gregory and Ronald Clary

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:16

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Adequate and intensive rehabilitation is an important requirement for successful Total Knee Arthroplasty. The primary focus of early rehabilitation is ambulation of patients and regaining range of motion in th...

    Authors: Anton F Lenssen, Yvonne HF Crijns, Eddie MH Waltjé, George M Roox, Mike JA van Steyn, Ruud JT Geesink, Piet A van den Brandt and Rob A de Bie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:15

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease, which affects 1% of the population. Hands and feet are most commonly involved followed by the cervical spine. The spinal column consists of vertebrae sta...

    Authors: Jasper FC Wolfs, Wilco C Peul, Maarten Boers, Maurits W van Tulder, Ronald Brand, Hans JC van Houwelingen and Raph TWM Thomeer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:14

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) is a self-report measure developed to evaluate patients with shoulder pathology. While some validation has been conducted, broader analyses are indicated. This st...

    Authors: Joy C MacDermid, Patty Solomon and Kenneth Prkachin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:12

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Recently a clinical prediction rule (CPR) has been developed and validated that accurately identifies patients with low back pain (LBP) that are likely to benefit from a lumbo-pelvic thrust manipulation. The s...

    Authors: Joshua A Cleland, Julie M Fritz, John D Childs and Kornelia Kulig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:11

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