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  1. Content type: Research article

    Clinical guidelines for the management of back pain frequently recommend 'manual therapy' as a first line intervention, with psychosocial screening and 'active rehabilitation' for those not improving at 6 week...

    Authors: Elaine Hough, Richard Stephenson and Louise Swift

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:106

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) is the most prevalent musculoskeletal condition and one the most common causes of disability in the developed nations. Anecdotally, there is a general assumption that LBP prevalence in Afri...

    Authors: Quinette A Louw, Linzette D Morris and Karen Grimmer-Somers

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:105

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  3. Content type: Research article

    There is no validated gold-standard diagnostic support tool for LSS, and therefore an accurate diagnosis depends on clinical assessment. Assessment of the diagnostic value of the history of the patient require...

    Authors: Shin-ichi Konno, Shin-ichi Kikuchi, Yasuhisa Tanaka, Ken Yamazaki, You-ichi Shimada, Hiroshi Takei, Toru Yokoyama, Masahiro Okada and Shou-ichi Kokubun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:102

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Hip dislocation in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is a common and severe problem. The dislocation can be avoided, by screening and preventive treatment of children with hips at risk. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Gunnar Hägglund, Henrik Lauge-Pedersen and Philippe Wagner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:101

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  5. Content type: Technical advance

    The optimal management of chronic ruptures of the Achilles tendon is surgical reconstruction. Reconstruction of the Achilles tendon using peroneus brevis has been widely reported. Classically, these procedures...

    Authors: Michael R Carmont and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:100

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Emergency Departments (EDs) are confronted with progressive overcrowding. As a consequence, the workload for ED physicians increases and waiting times go up with the risk of unnecessary complications and patie...

    Authors: Robert J Derksen, Veerle MH Coupé, Maurits W van Tulder, Bart Veenings and Fred C Bakker

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:99

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  7. Content type: Research article

    HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, statins, are widely prescribed to lower cholesterol. High doses of orally administered simvastatin has previously been shown to improve fracture healing in a mouse femur fracture ...

    Authors: Björn Skoglund and Per Aspenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:98

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Whilst laterally wedged insoles, worn inside the shoes, are advocated as a simple, inexpensive, non-toxic self-administered intervention for knee osteoarthritis (OA), there is currently limited evidence to sup...

    Authors: Kim Bennell, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Craig Payne, Flavia Cicuttini, Richard Osborne, Anthony Harris and Rana Hinman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:96

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Regional pain in the hip in adults is a common cause of a general practitioner visit. A considerable part of patients suffer from (greater) trochanteric pain syndrome or trochanteric bursitis. Local corticoste...

    Authors: Aaltien Brinks, Rogier M van Rijn, Arthur M Bohnen, Gabriël LJ Slee, Jan AN Verhaar, Bart W Koes and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:95

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Low back pain (LBP) and neck pain (NP) are common conditions in old age, leading to impaired functional ability and decreased independence. Manual and exercise therapies are common and effective therapies for ...

    Authors: Michele J Maiers, Jan Hartvigsen, Craig Schulz, Karen Schulz, Roni L Evans and Gert Bronfort

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:94

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    There are few effective strategies reported for the primary prevention of low back pain (LBP). Core stabilization exercises targeting the deep abdominal and trunk musculature and psychosocial education program...

    Authors: Steven Z George, John D Childs, Deydre S Teyhen, Samuel S Wu, Alison C Wright, Jessica L Dugan and Michael E Robinson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:92

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Conventional knee and hip implant systems have been in use for many years with good success. However, the custom design of implant components based on patient-specific anatomy has been attempted to overcome ex...

    Authors: Ola LA Harrysson, Yasser A Hosni and Jamal F Nayfeh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:91

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Movement control dysfunction [MCD] reduces active control of movements. Patients with MCD might form an important subgroup among patients with non specific low back pain. The diagnosis is based on the observat...

    Authors: Hannu Luomajoki, Jan Kool, Eling D de Bruin and Olavi Airaksinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:90

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have been carried out in order to investigate the effect of ankle bracing on ankle joint function and performance. However, no study so far has examined the role of skin-brace interface pressur...

    Authors: Emmanuel S Papadopoulos, Christos Nikolopoulos, Athanasios Badekas, George Vagenas, Stamatios A Papadakis and Spyros Athanasopoulos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:89

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a major health problem in the world. Self-reported questionnaires are a known method for estimating the prevalence of MSDs among the population. One of the studies concerni...

    Authors: Akbar Alipour, Mostafa Ghaffari, Irene Jensen, Batoul Shariati and Eva Vingard

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:88

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Fifty thousand knee replacements are performed annually in the UK at an estimated cost of £150 million. Post-operative improvement depends on a number of factors including implant design and patient associated...

    Authors: Gayle Walley, Sandeep Datir, Murali Sayana, Aziz Rahmatalla, Ian Dos Remedios, Charles Wynn-Jones, Stephen Bridgman and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:87

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic rotator cuff pathology (CRCP) is a common shoulder condition causing pain and disability. Physiotherapy is often the first line of management for CRCP yet there is little conclusive evidence to support...

    Authors: Kim Bennell, Sally Coburn, Elin Wee, Sally Green, Anthony Harris, Andrew Forbes and Rachelle Buchbinder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:86

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Pain in the hand affects an estimated 12–21% of the population, and at older ages the hand is one of the most common sites of pain and osteoarthritis. The association between symptomatic hand osteoarthritis an...

    Authors: Helen Myers, Elaine Nicholls, June Handy, George Peat, Elaine Thomas, Rachel Duncan, Laurence Wood, Michelle Marshall, Catherine Tyson, Elaine Hay and Krysia Dziedzic

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:85

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The objective of the present study was to assess interobserver reproducibility (in terms of reliability and agreement) of active and passive measurements of knee RoM using a long arm goniometer, performed by t...

    Authors: Anton F Lenssen, Ellen M van Dam, Yvonne HF Crijns, Mark Verhey, Ruud JT Geesink, Piet A van den Brandt and Rob A de Bie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:83

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Stress is a risk factor for musculoskeletal pain. We wanted to explore stress related physiology in healthy subjects in order to gain insight into mechanisms of pain development which may relate to the pathoph...

    Authors: Kristian B Nilsen, Trond Sand, Lars J Stovner, Rune B Leistad and Rolf H Westgaard

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:81

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In the current discussion of surgical treatment of arthroses in the ankle joint, arthrodesis is in competition with artificial joint replacement. Up until now, no valid biomechanical findings have existed on t...

    Authors: A Suckel, O Muller, T Herberts and N Wulker

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:80

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The present study aimed to determine the indications for free vascularized fibular grafting for the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

    Authors: Kenji Kawate, Hiroshi Yajima, Kazuya Sugimoto, Hiroshi Ono, Tetsuji Ohmura, Yasunori Kobata, Keiichi Murata, Koji Shigematsu, Kenji Kawamura, Ikuo Kawahara, Naoki Maegawa, Katsuya Tamai, Yoshinori Takakura and Susumu Tamai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:78

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The uncemented Nottingham Total Shoulder Replacement prosthesis system (Nottingham TSR) was developed from the previous BioModular® shoulder prosthesis taking into consideration the causes of the initial implant'...

    Authors: Nahum Rosenberg, Lars Neumann, Amit Modi, Istvan J Mersich and Angus W Wallace

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:76

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  24. Content type: Hypothesis

    Spinal pain is a common problem, and disability related to spinal pain has great consequence in terms of human suffering, medical costs and costs to society. The traditional approach to the non-surgical manage...

    Authors: Donald R Murphy and Eric L Hurwitz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:75

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Differences between gastrointestinal and cardiovascular effects of traditional NSAID or cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitor (coxib) are affected by drug, dose, duration, outcome definition, and patient gastro...

    Authors: R Andrew Moore, Sheena Derry and Henry J McQuay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:73

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  26. Content type: Correspondence

    In an attempt to establish some consensus on the proper use and design of experimental animal models in musculoskeletal research, AOVET (the veterinary specialty group of the AO Foundation) in concert with the...

    Authors: Jorg A Auer, Allen Goodship, Steven Arnoczky, Simon Pearce, Jill Price, Lutz Claes, Brigitte von Rechenberg, Margarethe Hofmann-Amtenbrinck, Erich Schneider, R Müller-Terpitz, F Thiele, Klaus-Peter Rippe and David W Grainger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:72

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Total hip arthroplasty is a successful surgery, that fails at a rate of approximately 10% at ten years from surgery. Causes for failure are mainly aseptic loosening of one or both components partially due to w...

    Authors: Barbara Bordini, Susanna Stea, Manuela De Clerico, Sergio Strazzari, Antonio Sasdelli and Aldo Toni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:69

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Complaints of Arm Neck and Shoulder (CANS) represent a wide range of complaints, which can differ in severity from mild, periodic symptoms to severe, chronic and debilitating conditions. They are thought to be...

    Authors: Shahla Eltayeb, J Bart Staal, Janneke Kennes, Petra HG Lamberts and Rob A de Bie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:68

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Lower back pain (LBP) is ranked first as a cause of disability and inability to work, and is expected to affect up to 90% of the worlds population at some point in their lifetime. The annual first time inciden...

    Authors: Graham Brennan, Amir Shafat, Ciarán Mac Donncha and Carmel Vekins

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:67

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Walking and cycling to school could be an important regular source of physical activity in growing children. The aim of this 12 months prospective observational study was thus to evaluate the effect of self-tr...

    Authors: Gayani Alwis, Christian Linden, Magnus Dencker, Susanna Stenevi-Lundgren, Per Gardsell and Magnus K Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:66

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal pain is high, with widespread negative economic, psychological, and social consequences for the individual. It is therefore important to find ways to predict the outco...

    Authors: Monica Lillefjell, Steinar Krokstad and Geir Arild Espnes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:65

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Postural abnormality and muscle imbalance are thought to contribute to pain and a loss of normal function in the upper body. A shortened pectoralis minor muscle is commonly identified as part of this imbalance...

    Authors: Jeremy S Lewis and Rachel E Valentine

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:64

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Variations in corticosteroid/anesthetic doses for injecting shoulder conditions were examined among orthopaedic surgeons, rheumatologists, and primary-care sports medicine (PCSMs) and physical medicine and reh...

    Authors: John G Skedros, Kenneth J Hunt and Todd C Pitts

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:63

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) is a common developmental disorder of the foot, affecting between 1 and 4.5 per 1000 live births. The aetiology is not well elucidated. While both genetic and environmenta...

    Authors: AH Cardy, S Barker, D Chesney, L Sharp, N Maffulli and Z Miedzybrodzka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:62

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Although physical activity maintenance is important for OA management, it is not clear whether people with OA are more inactive or not. One possible reason is no simple monitoring tool to assess physical activ...

    Authors: Rei Ono, Soichiro Hirata, Minoru Yamada, Takayuki Nishiyama, Masahiro Kurosaka and Yumi Tamura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:61

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a hand disorder mainly among the northern population. In contrast it is rare in the mediterranean population. Therefore typical habits and dietetic influences have been discussed as...

    Authors: Bernd Loos, Valerij Puschkin and Raymund E Horch

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:60

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The new Musculoskeletal Services Framework outlines the importance of health care needs assessment. Our aim was to provide a model for this for knee pain and disability, describing felt need (individual assess...

    Authors: Clare Jinks, Bie Nio Ong and Jane Richardson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:59

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Sensory information from mechanoreceptors in the skin, muscles, tendons, and joint structures plays an important role in joint stability. A joint injury can lead to disruption of the sensory system, which can ...

    Authors: Eva Ageberg, Johan Flenhagen and Jonatan Ljung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:57

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Despite considerable knowledge about musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and physical, psychosocial and individual risk factors there is limited knowledge about physical activity as a factor in preventing MSD. In ...

    Authors: Tone Morken, Nils Magerøy and Bente E Moen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:56

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