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  1. Content type: Research article

    Spontaneous reporting systems for adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are handicapped by under-reporting and limited detail on individual cases. We report an investigation from a local surveillance for serious adver...

    Authors: Paresh Jobanputra, Roshan Amarasena, Fiona Maggs, Dawn Homer, Simon Bowman, Elizabeth Rankin, Andrew Filer, Karim Raza and Ronald Jubb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:48

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Occupational computer use has been associated with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (UEMSDs), but the etiology and pathophysiology of some of these disorders are poorly understood. Various theories at...

    Authors: Ronald A Burgess, R Terry Thompson and Gary B Rollman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:47

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Intra-articular shift (migration) of bone marrow edema syndrome (BMES) is a very rare disease. Only a few cases have been reported thus far. The condition may cause the clinician to suspect an aggressive disease.

    Authors: Nicolas Aigner, Roland Meizer, Gerd Petje, Elisabeth Meizer, Ashraf Abdelkafy and Franz Landsiedl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:45

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Measurement of spasticity is a difficult and unresolved problem, partly due to its complexity and the fact that there are many factors involved. In the assessment of spasticity in the pediatric disabled popula...

    Authors: Akmer Mutlu, Ayse Livanelioglu and Mintaze Kerem Gunel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:44

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The minimal detectable change (MDC) and the minimal clinically important changes (MCIC) have been explored for nonspecific low back pain patients and are similar across different cultural settings. No data on ...

    Authors: Francisco M Kovacs, Víctor Abraira, Ana Royuela, Josep Corcoll, Luis Alegre, Miquel Tomás, María Antonia Mir, Alejandra Cano, Alfonso Muriel, Javier Zamora, María Teresa Gil del Real, Mario Gestoso and Nicole Mufraggi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:43

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The NDI, COM and NPQ are evaluation instruments for disability due to NP. There was no Spanish version of NDI or COM for which psychometric characteristics were known. The objectives of this study were to tran...

    Authors: Francisco M Kovacs, Joan Bagó, Ana Royuela, Jesús Seco, Sergio Giménez, Alfonso Muriel, Víctor Abraira, José Luis Martín, José Luis Peña, Mario Gestoso, Nicole Mufraggi, Montserrat Núñez, Josep Corcoll, Ignacio Gómez-Ochoa, Ma José Ramírez, Eva Calvo…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:42

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Reduction of blood flow is important in the induction of neurogenic intermittent claudication (NIC) in lumbar spinal canal stenosis. PGE1 improves the mean walking distance in patients with NIC type cauda equina ...

    Authors: Masayoshi Shirasaka, Bunji Takayama, Miho Sekiguchi, Shin-ichi Konno and Shin-ichi Kikuchi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:41

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Acute chest pain is a major health problem all over the western world. Active approaches are directed towards diagnosis and treatment of potentially life threatening conditions, especially acute coronary syndr...

    Authors: Mette J Stochkendahl, Henrik W Christensen, Werner Vach, Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen, Torben Haghfelt and Jan Hartvigsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:40

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Ballet Dancers have been shown to have a relatively high incidence of stress fractures of the foot and ankle. It was our objective to examine MR imaging patterns of bone marrow edema (BME) in the ankles of hig...

    Authors: Ilan Elias, Adam C Zoga, Steven M Raikin, Judith R Peterson, Marcus P Besser, William B Morrison and Mark E Schweitzer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:39

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Maxillary expansion (ME) is a common practice in orthodontics that aims to increase the constricted maxillary arch width. Relapse often occurs, however, and better treatment strategies are needed. In order to ...

    Authors: Junqing Ma, Yunxia Wu, Weibing Zhang, Roger J Smales, You Huang, Yongchu Pan and Lin Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:37

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Since knee complaints are common among athletes and are frequently presented in general practice, it is of interest to investigate the type of knee complaints represented in general practice of athletes in com...

    Authors: Marienke van Middelkoop, Robbart van Linschoten, Marjolein Y Berger, Bart W Koes and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:36

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Double bundle ACL reconstruction has been demonstrated to decrease rotational knee laxity. However, there is no simple, commercially-available device to measure knee rotation. The investigators developed a sim...

    Authors: Andrew G Tsai, Volker Musahl, Hanno Steckel, Kevin M Bell, Thore Zantop, James J Irrgang and Freddie H Fu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:35

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In epidemiological studies on neck-shoulder disorders, physical examination by health professionals, although more expensive, is usually considered a better method of data collection than self-administered que...

    Authors: Nathalie Perreault, Chantal Brisson, Clermont E Dionne, Sylvie Montreuil and Laura Punnett

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:34

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  14. Content type: Research article

    A high incidence of decreased bone mineral density (BMD) has been associated with HIV infection. Normal skeletal homeostasis is controlled, at least in part, by the maturation and activity of mature osteoblast...

    Authors: Eoin J Cotter, Herbert Shi Ming Ip, William G Powderly and Peter P Doran

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:33

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy, safety and tolerability of lumiracoxib, a novel selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, has been demonstrated in previous studies of patients with osteoarthritis (OA). As it is important to...

    Authors: Roy Fleischmann, Hyman Tannenbaum, Neha P Patel, Marianne Notter, Peter Sallstig and Jean-Yves Reginster

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:32

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Evidence supports the use of exercise for chronic low back pain (CLBP); however, adherence is often poor due to ongoing pain. Auricular acupuncture is a form of pain relief involving the stimulation of points ...

    Authors: SM McDonough, SD Liddle, R Hunter, DM Walsh, P Glasgow, G Gormley, D Hurley, A Delitto, J Park, I Bradbury and GD Baxter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:31

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Hamstring injury is one of the most common injuries affecting gaelic footballers, similar to other field sports. Research in other sports on whether residual hamstring weakness is present after hamstring injur...

    Authors: Kieran O'Sullivan, Brian O'Ceallaigh, Kevin O'Connell and Amir Shafat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:30

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Herein, we evaluated, retrospectively, the effect of posterior capsular repair upon postoperative hip dislocation subsequent to total hip arthroplasty (THA) incorporating a posterolateral approach.

    Authors: Shang-Ju Tsai, Chen-Ti Wang and Ching-Chuan Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:29

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis is an important public health problem in older adults. It is more common in postmenopausal women and not only gives rise to morbidity but also markedly diminishes the quality of life in this popul...

    Authors: Afsaneh Keramat, Bhushan Patwardhan, Bagher Larijani, Arvind Chopra, Ambrish Mithal, Devlina Chakravarty, Hossein Adibi and Ahmad Khosravi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:28

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a highly prevalent musculoskeletal overuse condition that has a significant impact on participation in daily and physical activities. A recent systematic review highlighted the ...

    Authors: Bill Vicenzino, Natalie Collins, Kay Crossley, Elaine Beller, Ross Darnell and Thomas McPoil

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:27

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the frequent and functionally impairing disorders of the musculoskeletal system. In the literature, a number of occupational risk factors are discussed as being related to th...

    Authors: André Klußmann, Hansjuergen Gebhardt, Falk Liebers, Lars Victor von Engelhardt, Andreas Dávid, Bertil Bouillon and Monika A Rieger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:26

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  22. Content type: Research article

    This paper reports an in-vitro study for evaluating the influence of the femoral tunnel orientation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) double-bundle reconstructions.

    Authors: Stefano Zaffagnini, Danilo Bruni, Sandra Martelli, Naoaki Imakiire, Maurilio Marcacci and Alessandro Russo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:25

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Many new treatments for degeneration of the intervertebral disc are being developed which can be delivered through a needle. These require testing in model systems before being used in human patients. Unfortun...

    Authors: Sally Roberts, Janis Menage, Sarit Sivan and Jill PG Urban

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:24

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    The importance of staying active instead of bed rest has been acknowledged in the management of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This emphasizes the potential benefits of adjusting work to fit the employee's ...

    Authors: Kari-Pekka Martimo, Leena Kaila-Kangas, Johanna Kausto, Esa-Pekka Takala, Ritva Ketola, Hilkka Riihimäki, Ritva Luukkonen, Jaro Karppinen, Helena Miranda and Eira Viikari-Juntura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:23

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the role of prior occupational low back injury in future episodes of low back pain and disability in the general population. We conducted a study to determine if a lifetime history of wor...

    Authors: Cesar A Hincapié, J David Cassidy and Pierre Côté

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:22

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  26. Content type: Research article

    A precise modular topographic-morphological (MTM) classification for proximal humeral fractures may address current classification problems. The classification was developed to evaluate whether a very detailed...

    Authors: Christian Bahrs, Hagen Schmal, Erich Lingenfelter, Bernd Rolauffs, Kuno Weise, Klaus Dietz and Peter Helwig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:21

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This study evaluates changes in peri-articular bone in two canine models for osteoarthritis: the groove model and the anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) model.

    Authors: Yvonne H Sniekers, Femke Intema, Floris PJG Lafeber, Gerjo JVM van Osch, Johannes PTM van Leeuwen, Harrie Weinans and Simon C Mastbergen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:20

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The mechanisms thorough which spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) exerts clinical effects are not established. A prior study has suggested a dorsal horn modulated effect; however, the role of subject expectation...

    Authors: Joel E Bialosky, Mark D Bishop, Michael E Robinson, Josh A Barabas and Steven Z George

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:19

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is one of the main causes of musculoskeletal disability in the western world. Current available management options provide symptomatic relief (exercise and self-management, medi...

    Authors: Robyn E Fary, Graeme J Carroll, Tom G Briffa, Ritu Gupta and N Kathryn Briffa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:18

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Stress shielding of the proximal femur has been observed in a number of conventional cementless implants used in total hip arthroplasty. Short femoral-neck implants are claiming less interference with the biom...

    Authors: Ralf Decking, Christoph Rokahr, Matthias Zurstegge, Ulrich Simon and Jens Decking

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:17

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of extra corporeal shock waves (ESW) therapy on the metabolism of healthy and osteoarthritic human chondrocytes, and particularly on the expression of I...

    Authors: Biagio Moretti, Florenzo Iannone, Angela Notarnicola, Giovanni Lapadula, Lorenzo Moretti, Vittorio Patella and Raffaele Garofalo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:16

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  32. Content type: Research article

    External medication that is absorbed percutaneously may be used to reduce inflammation and relieve pain from acute injuries such as ankle sprains and bruises. The plaster method of percutaneous absorption for ...

    Authors: Miho Sekiguchi, Masayoshi Shirasaka, Shin-ichi Konno and Shin-ichi Kikuchi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:15

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based medicine posits that health care research is founded upon clinically important differences in patient centered outcomes. Statistically significant differences between two treatments may not nece...

    Authors: Jinsil Sung, Judith Siegel, Paul Tornetta and Mohit Bhandari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:14

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have a higher risk of low bone mineral density than normal age matched populations. There is limited evidence to support cost effectiveness of population screening in rheumat...

    Authors: Caroline Brand, Adrian Lowe and Stephen Hall

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:13

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  35. Content type: Technical advance

    A nonsurgical intervention, interventional microadhesiolysis, was developed to release adhesions in joints and soft tissues. This paper introduces the procedure and evaluates the efficacy of the intervention f...

    Authors: Kang Ahn, Young-Jin Lee, Eun-Ha Kim, Seung-Min Yang, Tae-Kyun Lim, Yong-Soo Kim and Hyung-Joon Jhun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:12

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The flexion relaxation phenomenon (FRP) is an interesting model to study the modulation of lumbar stability. Previous investigations have explored the effect of load, angular velocity and posture on this parti...

    Authors: Martin Descarreaux, Danik Lafond, Renaud Jeffrey-Gauthier, Hugo Centomo and Vincent Cantin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:10

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  37. Content type: Research article

    We have previously reported that a one-year school-based exercise intervention program influences the accrual of bone mineral in pre-pubertal girls. This report aims to evaluate if also hip structure is affect...

    Authors: Gayani Alwis, Christian Linden, Susanna Stenevi-Lundgren, Henrik G Ahlborg, Jack Besjakov, Per Gardsell and Magnus K Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:9

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  38. Content type: Research article

    We studied musculoskeletal diseases (MSD) and injuries among fishermen and seamen with focus on low back disorders, carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), rotator cuff syndrome and arthrosis.

    Authors: Linda Kaerlev, Anker Jensen, Per Sabro Nielsen, Jørn Olsen, Harald Hannerz and Finn Tüchsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:8

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Although surgeons acknowledge the importance of irrigating open fracture wounds, the choice of irrigating fluid and delivery pressure remains controversial. Our objective was to clarify current opinion with re...

    Authors: Brad Petrisor, Kyle Jeray, Emil Schemitsch, Beate Hanson, Sheila Sprague, David Sanders and Mohit Bhandari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:7

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The current investigation examined the inter- and intra-tester reliability of knee joint angle measurements using a flexible Penny and Giles Biometric® electrogoniometer. The clinical utility of electrogoniometry...

    Authors: Pagamas Piriyaprasarth, Meg E Morris, Adele Winter and Andrea E Bialocerkowski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:6

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Recently, the MRI finding of "Modic changes" has been identified as pathologic spinal condition that probably reflects a vertebral inflammatory process (VIP), which coincides with spinal pain in most. We hypot...

    Authors: Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Per Kjær, Tom Bendix and Claus Manniche

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:5

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The clinical effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) is widely debated because of a lack of clinical trials. The internet may provide an effective and economical approach for undertakin...

    Authors: Sinead Brophy, Claire L Burrows, Caroline Brooks, Michael B Gravenor, Stefan Siebert and Stephen J Allen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:4

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Chronic widespread pain (CWP) affects 10% of adults and often causes significant disability in everyday life. Research on time in chronic conditions has focused on biographical disruption and perceptions of pa...

    Authors: Jane C Richardson, Bie Nio Ong and Julius Sim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:3

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  44. Content type: Study protocol

    Most fibromyalgia patients are seen in primary care (PC). However, the effectiveness of the treatments prescribed by general practitioners is usually minimal. The main objective of the present research is to a...

    Authors: Rita Fernández, Maria T Peñarubia, Juan V Luciano, Maria E Blanco, Mónica Jiménez, Adrián Montesano, Camino Verduras, José M Ruiz and Antoni Serrano-Blanco

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:2

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Skeletal muscles are composed of heterogeneous collections of muscle fiber types, the arrangement of which contributes to a variety of functional capabilities in many muscle types. Furthermore, skeletal muscle...

    Authors: Katsutoshi Yuasa, Akinori Nakamura, Takao Hijikata and Shinichi Takeda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:1

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Impaired proprioception in the lumbar spine has often been reported in people with low back pain. However, no prospective studies exist to assert the cause and effect of this association. We hypothesized that ...

    Authors: Sheri P Silfies, Jacek Cholewicki, N Peter Reeves and Hunter S Greene

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:129

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Differences in duration of bone healing in various parts of the human skeleton are common experience for orthopaedic surgeons. The reason for these differences is not obvious and not clear.

    Authors: Iwona Kochanowska, Slawomir Chaberek, Andrzej Wojtowicz, Bartosz Marczyński, Krzysztof Włodarski, Maria Dytko and Kazimierz Ostrowski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:128

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  48. Content type: Study protocol

    The treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures has historically been limited to several weeks of bed rest, anti-inflammatory and analgesic medications, calcitonin injections, or external...

    Authors: Leigh A Gray, Jeffrey G Jarvik, Patrick J Heagerty, William Hollingworth, Lydia Stout, Bryan A Comstock, Judith A Turner and David F Kallmes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:126

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