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  1. Content type: Study protocol

    Knee injuries in football are common regardless of age, gender or playing level, but adolescent females seem to have the highest risk. The consequences after severe knee injury, for example anterior cruciate l...

    Authors: Martin Hägglund, Markus Waldén and Isam Atroshi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:75

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In the literature there are discussions on the choice of outcome and the need for more longitudinal studies of musculoskeletal disorders. The general aim of this longitudinal study was to analyze musculoskelet...

    Authors: Anna Grimby-Ekman, Eva M Andersson and Mats Hagberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:73

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Dupuytren's Disease (DD) is a debilitating contractile fibrosis of the palmar fascia characterised by excess collagen deposition, contractile myofibroblast development, increased Transforming Growth Factor-β l...

    Authors: Linda Vi, Anna Njarlangattil, Yan Wu, Bing Siang Gan and David B O'Gorman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:72

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Early and intensive treatment is important to inducing remission and preventing joint damage in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. While intensive combination therapy (Disease Modifying Anti-rheumatic Drugs a...

    Authors: Susanne JJ Claessen, Johanna MW Hazes, Margriet AM Huisman, Derkjen van Zeben, Jolanda J Luime and Angelique EAM Weel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:71

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Intra-articular adhesion (IA) is one of the important pathologic signs of intracapsular temporomandibular joint (TMJ) diseases, but this factor has been rarely described with respect to its arthroscopic charac...

    Authors: ShanYong Zhang, XiuMing Li u, Chi Yang, XieYi Cai, MinJie Chen, Majd S Haddad, Bai Yun and ZhuoZhi Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:70

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  6. Content type: Study protocol

    There is little scientific evidence to support the usual practice of providing outpatient rehabilitation to patients undergoing total knee replacement surgery (TKR) immediately after discharge from the orthopa...

    Authors: Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Lyn March, Jack Crosbie, Ross Crawford, Stephen Graves, Justine Naylor, Alison Harmer, Stephen Jan, Kim Bennell, Ian Harris, David Parker, Helene Moffet and Marlene Fransen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:69

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The Work Instability Scale for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA-WIS) is established and is used by physicians to identify patients at risk of job loss for rapid intervention. The study objective was to explore the con...

    Authors: Gill Gilworth, Paul Emery, Nick Barkham, M Glyn Smyth, Philip Helliwell and Alan Tennant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:68

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Alterations in the feet of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are a cause of disability in this population. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the impact that foot impairment has on the patients...

    Authors: Adriana Rojas-Villarraga, Javier Bayona, Natalia Zuluaga, Santiago Mejia, Maria-Eugenia Hincapie and Juan-Manuel Anaya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:67

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  9. Content type: Research article

    We conducted the present study to investigate the therapeutic effects of a combination treatment of alfacalcidol (ALF) and risedronate (RIS) on the bone mechanical properties of bone and calcium (Ca) metabolis...

    Authors: Ayako Shiraishi, Sayaka Miyabe, Takayoshi Nakano, Yukichi Umakoshi, Masako Ito and Masahiko Mihara

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:66

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Despite over 2 decades of research, the ability to prevent work-related low back pain (LBP) and disability remains elusive. Recent research suggests that interventions that are focused at the workplace and inc...

    Authors: Carlo Ammendolia, David Cassidy, Ivan Steenstra, Sophie Soklaridis, Eleanor Boyle, Stephanie Eng, Hamer Howard, Bains Bhupinder and Pierre Côté

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:65

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of fibromyalgia, as well as to assess the major symptoms of this syndrome in an adult, low socioeconomic status population assisted by the primary health ca...

    Authors: Ana Assumpção, Alane B Cavalcante, Cristina E Capela, Juliana F Sauer, Suellen D Chalot, Carlos AB Pereira and Amélia P Marques

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:64

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Repetitive and stressful work tasks have been linked to the development of pain in the trapezius muscle, although the underlying mechanisms still remain unclear. In earlier studies, it has been hypothesized th...

    Authors: Anna Sjörs, Britt Larsson, Joakim Dahlman, Torbjörn Falkmer and Björn Gerdle

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:63

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  13. Content type: Research article

    While musculoskeletal problems are leading sources of disability, there has been little research on measuring the number of functionally limiting musculoskeletal problems for use as predictor of outcome in stu...

    Authors: Jeffrey N Katz, Elizabeth A Wright, John A Baron and Elena Losina

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:62

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Articular cartilage is a viscoelastic material, but its exact behaviour under the full range of physiological loading frequencies is unknown. The objective of this study was to measure the viscoelastic propert...

    Authors: Geoffrey R Fulcher, David WL Hukins and Duncan ET Shepherd

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:61

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Low bone mass is common in end-stage renal disease patients, especially those undergoing hemodialysis. It can lead to serious bone health problems such as fragility fractures. The purpose of this study is to i...

    Authors: Guey-Shiun Huang, Tzong-Shinn Chu, Meei-Fang Lou, Shiow-Li Hwang and Rong-Sen Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:60

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Aseptic loosening (AL) is the main problem of total joints replacement (TJR) by the implantation of permanently prosthetic components. In vitro and in vivo studies have clearly demonstrated that wear debris an...

    Authors: Gang Li, Ping Wu, Yao Xu, Yan Yu, Li Sun, Liang Zhu and Duyun Ye

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:57

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    A discussion is ongoing whether displaced femoral neck fractures in elderly patients should be treated with a non-cemented or a cemented hemiarthroplasty. A recent Cochrane analysis stresses the importance of ...

    Authors: Anne JH Vochteloo, DieuDonné Niesten, Roeland Riedijk, Willard J Rijnberg, Stefan BT Bolder, Sander Koëter, Keetie Kremers-van de Hei, Taco Gosens and Peter Pilot

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:56

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Low back pain persisting for longer than 3 months is a common and costly condition for which many current treatments have low-moderate success rates at best. Exercise is among the more successful treatments fo...

    Authors: Amanda M Hall, Chris G Maher, Jane Latimer, Manuela L Ferreira and Paul Lam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:55

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes is becoming one of the most common chronic diseases, and ulcers are its most serious complication. Beginning with neuropathy, the subsequent foot wounds frequently lead to lower extremity amputation, ...

    Authors: Biagio Moretti, Angela Notarnicola, Giulio Maggio, Lorenzo Moretti, Michele Pascone, Silvio Tafuri and Vittorio Patella

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:54

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  20. Content type: Research article

    A relatively high incidence of pathological conditions in retrieved femoral heads, including a group of patients having low grade B-cell lymphoma, has been described before. At short term follow up none of the...

    Authors: Eline W Zwitser, Arthur de Gast, Mirjam JA Basie, Folkert J van Kemenade and Barend J van Royen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:53

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Recent evidences show that education and rehabilitation while waiting for knee replacement have positive effects on the patients' health status. Identification of factors associated with worse pain, function a...

    Authors: François Desmeules, Clermont E Dionne, Étienne Belzile, Renée Bourbonnais and Pierre Frémont

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:52

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Osteoblasts are considered to primarily arise from osseous progenitors within the periosteum or bone marrow. We have speculated that cells from local soft tissues may also take on an osteogenic phenotype. Myob...

    Authors: Renjing Liu, Samantha L Ginn, Monkol Lek, Kathryn N North, Ian E Alexander, David G Little and Aaron Schindeler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:51

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Rheumatic diseases commonly affect joints and other structures in the hand. Surgery is a traditional way to treat hand problems in inflammatory rheumatic diseases with the purposes of pain relief, restore func...

    Authors: Gunnel Sandqvist, Pia Malcus Johnsson, Anna-Lena Sturesson, Magnus Tägil and Pierre Geborek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:50

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    The usual surgical treatment of refractory sciatica caused by lumbar disc herniation, is open discectomy. Minimally invasive procedures, including percutaneous therapies under local anesthesia, are increasingl...

    Authors: Patrick A Brouwer, Wilco C Peul, Ronald Brand, Mark P Arts, Bart W Koes, Annette A van den Berg and Mark A van Buchem

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:49

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The to date evidence for a dose-response relationship between physical workload and the development of lumbar disc diseases is limited. We therefore investigated the possible etiologic relevance of cumulative ...

    Authors: Andreas Seidler, Annekatrin Bergmann, Matthias Jäger, Rolf Ellegast, Dirk Ditchen, Gine Elsner, Joachim Grifka, Johannes Haerting, Friedrich Hofmann, Oliver Linhardt, Alwin Luttmann, Martina Michaelis, Gabriela Petereit-Haack, Barbara Schumann and Ulrich Bolm-Audorff

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:48

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  26. Content type: Research article

    despite evidence of an obesity-related disability, there is a lack of objective muscle functional data in overweight subjects. Only few studies provide instrumental strength measurements in non-syndromal obesi...

    Authors: Paolo Capodaglio, Luca Vismara, Francesco Menegoni, Gabriele Baccalaro, Manuela Galli and Graziano Grugni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:47

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  27. Content type: Research article

    A critical component of disease progression in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) involves neovascularization associated with pannus formation. 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2) is a naturally occurring molecule with no known ...

    Authors: Stacy M Plum, Eun J Park, Steve J Strawn, Elizabeth G Moore, Carolyn F Sidor and William E Fogler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:46

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Bombina variegate peptide 8 (Bv8) is a small protein secreted by frog skin. Recently it has been shown to contribute to tumor angiogenesis in mouse model. The purpose of this study was to investigate Bv8 in mice...

    Authors: Daitaro Kurosaka, Kentaro Noda, Ken Yoshida, Kazuhiro Furuya, Taro Ukichi, Eigo Takahashi, Maimi Yanagimachi, Isamu Kingetsu, Saburo Saito and Akio Yamada

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:45

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  29. Content type: Research article

    This study was designed to derive the theoretical formulae to predict the pullout strength of pedicle screws with an inconstant outer and/or inner diameter distribution (conical screws). For the transpedicular...

    Authors: Wen-Chi Tsai, Po-Quang Chen, Tung-Wu Lu, Shing-Sheng Wu, Kao-Shang Shih and Shang-Chih Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:44

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Antibodies to the heparin-platelet factor-4 (HPF-4) complex (HIT antibodies) have been observed in patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). These antibodies are thought to be involved in thrombosi...

    Authors: Takafumi Torigoshi, Satoru Motokawa, Yumi Maeda, Kazushige Maeda, Takeshi Hiura, Gou Takayama, Kenji Taguchi, Hiroyuki Shindo and Kiyoshi Migita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:42

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Most composite indices of disease activity and response criteria in RA have been validated and compared in clinical trials rather than routine care. We therefore wanted to compare the performance of the DAS28,...

    Authors: Anders Gülfe, Daniel Aletaha, Tore Saxne and Pierre Geborek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:41

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  32. Content type: Research article

    It is unclear to what extent spinal pain varies between genders and in relation to age. It was the purpose of this study to describe the self-reported prevalence of 1) pain ever and pain in the past year in ea...

    Authors: Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Jan Nielsen, Kirsten O Kyvik, René Fejer and Jan Hartvigsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:39

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Our understanding of the effects of football code participation on low back pain (LBP) is limited. It is unclear whether LBP is more prevalent in athletic populations or differs between levels of competition. ...

    Authors: Wayne Hoskins, Henry Pollard, Chris Daff, Andrew Odell, Peter Garbutt, Andrew McHardy, Kate Hardy and George Dragasevic

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:38

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2011 12:158

  34. Content type: Research article

    Warm-up and stretching are suggested to increase hamstring flexibility and reduce the risk of injury. This study examined the short-term effects of warm-up, static stretching and dynamic stretching on hamstrin...

    Authors: Kieran O'Sullivan, Elaine Murray and David Sainsbury

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:37

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have been carried out in order to investigate surface electromyography (SEMG) response on fibromyalgic (FM) patients. Some studies failed to demonstrate differences between FM patients and heal...

    Authors: Laura Bazzichi, Marco Dini, Alessandra Rossi, Silvia Corbianco, Francesca De Feo, Camillo Giacomelli, Cristina Zirafa, Claudia Ferrari, Bruno Rossi and Stefano Bombardieri

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:36

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis (OP) and osteoarthritis (OA) are public health diseases affecting the quality of life of the elderly, and bring about a heavy burden to the society and family of patients. It has been debated whet...

    Authors: Yun Shen, Zi-Ming Zhang, Sheng-Dan Jiang, Lei-Sheng Jiang and Li-Yang Dai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:35

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) is a clinical syndrome due to multiple etiologies in which hip movements may be severely limited. The aim of this study was to propose a detailed classification of GMC and eval...

    Authors: Chen-Guang Zhao, Xi-Jing He, Bin Lu, Hao-Peng Li, Dong Wang and Zhen-Zhong Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:34

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Precise indications for computed tomography (CT) in proximal humeral fractures are not established. The purpose of this study was a comparison of conventional radiographic views with different CT reconstructio...

    Authors: Christian Bahrs, Bernd Rolauffs, Norbert P Südkamp, Hagen Schmal, Christoph Eingartner, Klaus Dietz, Philippe L Pereira, Kuno Weise, Erich Lingenfelter and Peter Helwig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:33

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Patients who have suffered obstetric brachial plexus injury (OBPI) have a high incidence of musculoskeletal complications stemming from the initial nerve injury. The presence of muscle imbalances and contractu...

    Authors: Rahul K Nath, Chandra Somasundaram, Sonya E Melcher, Meera Bala and Melissa J Wentz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:32

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Hand-held dynamometry is a portable and inexpensive method to quantify muscle strength. To determine if muscle strength has changed, an examiner must know what part of the difference between a patient's pre-tr...

    Authors: Ruud H Knols, Geert Aufdemkampe, Eling D de Bruin, Daniel Uebelhart and Neil K Aaronson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:31

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has indicated neck-shoulder disorders to have a fluctuating course incorporating a variety of symptoms. These findings awoke our interest to make a comparison between symptoms experienced by ...

    Authors: Birgitta Wiitavaara, Martin Björklund, Christine Brulin and Mats Djupsjöbacka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:30

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Obesity is a risk factor for knee arthritis. Total knee arthroplasty is the definitive surgical treatment of this disease. Therefore, a high percentage of subjects treated are overweight. Since 2000 in the Emi...

    Authors: Barbara Bordini, Susanna Stea, Sara Cremonini, Marco Viceconti, Rossana De Palma and Aldo Toni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:29

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  43. Content type: Research article

    There is a paucity of data regarding molecular markers that identify the phenotype of the tendon cell. This study aims to quantify gene expression markers that distinguish between tendon fibroblasts and other ...

    Authors: Sarah E Taylor, Anne Vaughan-Thomas, Dylan N Clements, Gina Pinchbeck, Lisa C Macrory, Roger KW Smith and Peter D Clegg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:27

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Determining bone mineral density (BMD) with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is an established and widely used method that is also applied prior to biomechanical testing. However, DXA is affected by a nu...

    Authors: Dirk Wähnert, Konrad L Hoffmeier, Gabriele Lehmann, Rosemarie Fröber, Gunther O Hofmann and Thomas Mückley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:25

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