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  1. The Functional Task Exercise programme is an evidence-based exercise programme for elderly people living at home. It enhances physical capacity with sustainable effects. FTE is provided by physiotherapists and...

    Authors: Margot A H Fleuren, Susan Vrijkotte, Marielle P Jans, Renske Pin, Ariette van Hespen, Nico L U van Meeteren and Petra C Siemonsma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:128

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Osteoarthritis (OA) and Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are diseases which result in the degeneration of the joint surface articular cartilage. Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs) are enzymes that aid in the natural re...

    Authors: Bryan J Heard, Liam Martin, Jerome B Rattner, Cyril B Frank, David A Hart and Roman Krawetz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:126

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with a significant blood loss. Several methods have been reported to reduce postoperative blood loss and avoid homologous blood transfusions. In this study, we inves...

    Authors: Keerati Chareancholvanich, Pichet Siriwattanasakul, Rapeepat Narkbunnam and Chaturong Pornrattanamaneewong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:124

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Lumbar spine fusion (LSF) effectively decreases pain and disability in specific spinal disorders; however, the disability rate following surgery remains high. This, combined with the fact that in Western count...

    Authors: Sami Tarnanen, Marko H Neva, Joost Dekker, Keijo Häkkinen, Kimmo Vihtonen, Liisa Pekkanen and Arja Häkkinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:123

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. The musculoskeletal disorders in working population represent one of the most worrying work-related health issues at the present time and although the very great majority of available data on the subject focus...

    Authors: Elsa Parot-Schinkel, Alexis Descatha, Catherine Ha, Audrey Petit, Annette Leclerc and Yves Roquelaure

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:122

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Recent studies have shown an important reduction of joint overload during locomotion in elderly women with knee osteoarthritis (OA) after short-term use of minimalist shoes. Our aim is to investigate the chron...

    Authors: Francis Trombini-Souza, Ricardo Fuller, Alessandra Matias, Mariane Yokota, Marco Butugan, Claudia Goldenstein-Schainberg and Isabel C N Sacco

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:121

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the joints causing unpredictable episodes of pain, stiffness and disability. People with rheumatoid arthritis usually require lifelong spec...

    Authors: Priyamvada Paudyal, Mark Perry, Sue Child and Christian A Gericke

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:120

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Sjögren’s syndrome is a tissue-specific autoimmune disease that affects exocrine tissues, especially salivary glands and lacrimal glands. Despite a large body of evidence gathered over the past 60 years, signi...

    Authors: Sven-Ulrik Gorr, Trevor J Wennblom, Steve Horvath, David TW Wong and Sara A Michie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:119

    Content type: Database

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  9. Quadriceps femoris muscle (QFM) weakness is a feature of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and exercise programs that strengthen this muscle group can improve function, disability and pain. Traditional supervised resis...

    Authors: Robert A Bruce-Brand, Raymond J Walls, Joshua C Ong, Barry S Emerson, John M O’Byrne and Niall M Moyna

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:118

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The WOMAC is the most widely used self-report measure to evaluate physical functioning in hip or knee osteoarthritis, however its ability to discriminate pain and physical functioning (i.e. discriminate validi...

    Authors: Thomas J Hoogeboom, Rob A de Bie, Alfons A den Broeder and Cornelia HM van den Ende

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:117

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the self-reported outcomes in the first year after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and to determine factors influencing the quality of life (QoL) 6 weeks, 3, 6, a...

    Authors: Ippolyti Papakostidou, Zoe H Dailiana, Theodoros Papapolychroniou, Lycurgos Liaropoulos, Elias Zintzaras, Theophilos S Karachalios and Konstantinos N Malizos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:116

    Content type: Research article

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  12. If anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is to be performed, decision regarding graft choice and its fixation remains one of the most controversial. Multiple techniques for ACL reconstruction are ava...

    Authors: Wojciech Widuchowski, Malgorzata Widuchowska, Bogdan Ko czy, Szymon Dragan, Andrzej Czamara, Wieslaw Tomaszewski and Jerzy Widuchowski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:115

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Orthopaedic surgeons disagree considerably when classifying fractures of the proximal humerus. However, the clinical implications of low observer agreement remain unclear. The purpose of the study was to compa...

    Authors: Stig Brorson, Bo Sanderhoff Olsen, Lars Henrik Frich, Steen Lund Jensen, Anne Kathrine Sørensen, Michael Krogsgaard and Asbjørn Hróbjartsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:114

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Recently anti-CCP testing has become popular in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the inadequate reporting of the relevant diagnostic studies may overestimate and bias the results, directing...

    Authors: Elias Zintzaras, Afroditi A Papathanasiou, Dimitrios C Ziogas and Michael Voulgarelis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:113

    Content type: Correspondence

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  15. The Time Trade-Off (TTO) is a widely used instrument for valuing preference-based health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The TTO reveals preferences for own current health (‘utilities’) on a scale anchored be...

    Authors: Laurien Buitinga, Louise MA Braakman-Jansen, Erik Taal and Mart AFJ van de Laar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:112

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pain catastrophizing has been found to be an important predictor of disability and days lost from work in patients with low back pain. The most commonly used outcome measure to identify pain catastrophizing is...

    Authors: Linda Fernandes, Kjersti Storheim, Ida Lochting and Margreth Grotle

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:111

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Ankylosing enthesopathy (ANKENT) is an animal model of human ankylosing spondylitis. ANKENT is an inflammatory disease affecting the ankle and tarsal joints of the hind limbs in susceptible mouse strains. In t...

    Authors: Jana Capkova, Tomas Hrncir, Alena Kubatova and Helena Tlaskalova-Hogenova

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:110

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The underlying purpose of this commentary and position paper is to achieve evidence-based recommendations on prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Such prevention can take different form...

    Authors: Mats Hagberg, Francesco Saverio Violante, Roberta Bonfiglioli, Alexis Descatha, Judith Gold, Brad Evanoff and Judith K Sluiter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:109

    Content type: Commentary

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  19. Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare, often chronic, systemic autoimmune disease of childhood, characterized by inflammation of the microvasculature of the skeletal muscle and skin. Prominent clinical feat...

    Authors: Esther A Habers, Marco van Brussel, Anneli C Langbroek-Amersfoort, Annet van Royen-Kerkhof and Tim Takken

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:108

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. The convergence of rising health care costs and physician shortages have made health care transformation a priority in many countries resulting in the emergence of new models of care that often involve the ext...

    Authors: François Desmeules, Jean-Sébastien Roy, Joy C MacDermid, François Champagne, Odette Hinse and Linda June Woodhouse

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:107

    Content type: Research article

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  21. IL-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine that modulates inflammatory responses and plays critical roles in muscle maintenance and remodeling. In the mouse model (mdx) of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, IL-6 and muscle inflamm...

    Authors: Matthew C Kostek, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Emidio Pistilli, Arpana Sali, San-Huei Lai, Brad Gordon and Yi-Wen Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:106

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Epimedii herba is one of the most frequently used herbs in formulas that are prescribed for the treatment of osteoporosis in China and its main constituent is Epimedium pubescen flavonoid (EPF). However, it is u...

    Authors: Shu-guang Gao, Ling Cheng, Kang-hua Li, Wen-He Liu, Mai Xu, Wei Jiang, Li-Cheng Wei, Fang-jie Zhang, Wen-feng Xiao, Yi-lin Xiong, Jian Tian, Chao Zeng, Jin-peng Sun, Qiang Xie and Guang-hua Lei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:105

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Physical activity and exercise therapy are among the accepted clinical rehabilitation guidelines and are recommended self-management strategies for chronic low back pain. However, many back pain sufferers do n...

    Authors: Chris Lonsdale, Amanda M Hall, Geoffrey C Williams, Suzanne M McDonough, Nikos Ntoumanis, Aileen Murray and Deirdre A Hurley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:104

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are a rare group of autoimmune syndromes characterized by chronic muscle inflammation and muscle weakness with no known cause. Little is known about their incidence an...

    Authors: Karen E Smoyer-Tomic, Anthony A Amato and Ancilla W Fernandes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:103

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR) is the commonest inflammatory condition seen in older patients in primary care. To date, however, research has been focused on secondary care cohorts rather than primary care where...

    Authors: Sara Muller, Samantha Hider, Toby Helliwell, Joanne Bailey, Kevin Barraclough, Louise Cope, Bhaskar Dasgupta, Rebecca Foskett, Rhian Hughes, Zoe Mayson, Charlotte Purcell, Edward Roddy, Simon Wathall, Irena Zwierska and Christian D Mallen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:102

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. The gluteus medius muscle is essential for gait and hip stability. Changes that occur in the gluteus medius muscles in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) are not well understood. A better u...

    Authors: RuiYu Liu, XiaoDong Wen, ZhiQin Tong, KunZheng Wang and ChunSheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:101

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Hmg-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) are widely used to prevent disease associated with vascular disease and hyperlipidemia. Although side effects are uncommon, clinical observations suggest statin exposure ...

    Authors: Beth B Murinson, Norman J Haughey and Nicholas J Maragakis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:100

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that direct vertebral derotation by pedicle screws (PS) causes hypokyphosis of the thoracic spine in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients, using c...

    Authors: Kota Watanabe, Takayuki Nakamura, Akio Iwanami, Naobumi Hosogane, Takashi Tsuji, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Yoshiaki Toyama, Kazuhiro Chiba and Morio Matsumoto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:99

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Although musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are among the most prevalent chronic conditions, minimal attention has been paid to the paediatric population. The aim of this study is to describe the annual prevalenc...

    Authors: Anna C Gunz, Mayilee Canizares, Crystal MacKay and Elizabeth M Badley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:98

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings composed with bisphosphonates (BPs) which have high mineral-binding affinities have been confirmed to successfully enhance implant stability. However, few previous studies focused ...

    Authors: Shun Niu, Xiaorui Cao, Yan Zhang, Qingsheng Zhu, Jinyu Zhu and Ping Zhen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:97

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Work disability is common among women with fibromyalgia (FM). The aim of the study was to investigate what health problems and work-related difficulties lead to hinders for continued work among women with FM.

    Authors: Kaisa Mannerkorpi and Gunvor Gard

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:96

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Leg length inequality (LLI) was identified as a problem of total hip arthroplasty soon after its introduction. Leg lengthening is the most common form of LLI. Possible consequences are limping, neuronal dysfun...

    Authors: Christoph Röder, Raphael Vogel, Lukas Burri, Daniel Dietrich and Lukas P Staub

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:95

    Content type: Research article

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  33. It has been indicated that moderate or high dose of X-irradiation could delay fracture union and cause osteoradionecrosis, in part, mediated by its effect on proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts. H...

    Authors: Wei Xu, Lan Xu, Ming Chen, Yong Tao Mao, Zong Gang Xie, Shi Liang Wu and Qi Rong Dong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:94

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Orthopaedic surgery is a high-risk specialty in which errors will undoubtedly occur. Patient safety incidents can yield valuable information to generate solutions and prevent future cases of avoidable harm. Th...

    Authors: Sukhmeet S Panesar, Andrew Carson-Stevens, Bhupinder S Mann, Mohit Bhandari and Rajan Madhok

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:93

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Despite potential benefits, some patients decide not to use their custom-made orthopaedic shoes (OS). Factors are known in the domains ‘usability’, ‘communication and service’, and ‘opinion of others’ that inf...

    Authors: Jaap J van Netten, Pieter U Dijkstra, Jan H B Geertzen and Klaas Postema

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:92

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Deep infection following endoprosthetic limb reconstruction for sarcoma of the long bones is a devastating complication occurring in 15% of sarcoma patients. Optimizing infection protocols and conducting defin...

    Authors: Khaled Hasan, Antonella Racano, Benjamin Deheshi, Forough Farrokhyar, Jay Wunder, Peter Ferguson, Ginger Holt, Herbert Schwartz, Brad Petrisor, Mohit Bhandari and Michelle Ghert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:91

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Few prospective cohort studies of distal upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders have been performed. Past studies have provided somewhat conflicting evidence for occupational risk factors and have largely r...

    Authors: Arun Garg, Kurt T Hegmann, Jacqueline J Wertsch, Jay Kapellusch, Matthew S Thiese, Donald Bloswick, Andrew Merryweather, Richard Sesek, Gwen Deckow-Schaefer, James Foster, Eric Wood, Richard Kendall, Xiaoming Sheng and Richard Holubkov

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:90

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. A recently published meta-analysis comparing metallic staples to sutures in orthopaedic procedures revealed three fold increase in risk for infection in stapled wounds. The studies included in the meta-analysi...

    Authors: Jesse A Shantz, James Vernon, Jeff Leiter, Saam Morshed and Gregory Stranges

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:89

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is often associated with a severe local inflammatory reaction which, unless controlled, leads to persistent pain up to one year after surgery. Standard and accelerated rehabilitat...

    Authors: Biagio Moretti, Angela Notarnicola, Lorenzo Moretti, Stefania Setti, Francesca De Terlizzi, Vito Pesce and Vittorio Patella

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:88

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Low back pain (LBP) represents a major socioeconomic burden for the Western societies. Both life-style and work-related factors may cause low back pain. Prospective cohort studies assessing risk factors among ...

    Authors: Jette Nygaard Jensen, Andreas Holtermann, Thomas Clausen, Ole Steen Mortensen, Isabella Gomes Carneiro and Lars Louis Andersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:87

    Content type: Research article

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  41. There is evidence supporting the use of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in calcific tendinopathy of the rotator cuff, but the best current evidence does not support its use in non-calcifying tendinopa...

    Authors: Olimpio Galasso, Ernesto Amelio, Daria Anna Riccelli and Giorgio Gasparini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:86

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Physician reporting is commonly used to ascertain adverse events or outcomes measured in epidemiologic studies. However, little is known on the accuracy of physician reported malignancies compared to pertinent...

    Authors: Mark C Fisher, Victoria Furer, Marc C Hochberg, Jeffrey D Greenberg, Joel M Kremer, Jeff R Curtis, George Reed, Leslie Harrold and Daniel H Solomon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:85

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The design of foot and ankle orthoses is currently limited by the methods used to fabricate the devices, particularly in terms of geometric freedom and potential to include innovative new features. Additive ma...

    Authors: Scott Telfer, Jari Pallari, Javier Munguia, Kenny Dalgarno, Martin McGeough and Jim Woodburn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:84

    Content type: Technical advance

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  44. Retrospective assessment of surgery outcome is considered problematic. The aims of this study were to evaluate the reproducibility and accuracy of a retrospective outcome assessment of lumbar spinal stenosis s...

    Authors: Pekka Kuittinen, Timo Juhani Aalto, Tapani Heikkilä, Ville Leinonen, Sakari Savolainen, Petri Sipola, Heikki Kröger, Veli Turunen and Olavi Airaksinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:83

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Population ageing is a worldwide phenomenon that has recently challenged public healthcare systems. The knowledge of the burden of chronic musculoskeletal disorders in elders is still limited, particularly in ...

    Authors: Vivian S Miranda, Vivielle BF deCarvalho, Luciana AC Machado and João Marcos D Dias

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:82

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Functional treatment is a widely used and generally accepted treatment for ankle sprain. A meta-analysis comparing the different functional treatment options could not make definitive conclusions regarding the...

    Authors: Sacha Lardenoye, Ed Theunissen, Berry Cleffken, Peter RG Brink, Rob A de Bie and Martijn Poeze

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:81

    Content type: Research article

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  47. In the Global postural re-education (GPR) evaluation, posture alterations are associated with anterior or posterior muscular chain impairments. Our goal was to assess the reliability of the GPR muscular chain ...

    Authors: Carole Fortin, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Clarice Tanaka, Michelle Houde and Hubert Labelle

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:80

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Knowledge on the epidemiology of non-hip fractures in Spain is limited and somewhat outdated. Using computerized primary care records from the SIDIAP database, we derived age and sex-specific fracture incidenc...

    Authors: Aina Pagès-Castellà, Cristina Carbonell-Abella, Francesc Fina Avilés, Maite Alzamora, Jose Miguel Baena-Díez, Daniel Martínez Laguna, Xavier Nogués, Adolfo Díez-Pérez and Daniel Prieto-Alhambra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:79

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Osteoporosis affects over 220 million people worldwide, and currently there is no ‘cure’ for the disease. Thus, there is a need to develop evidence-based, safe and acceptable prevention strategies at the popul...

    Authors: Jenny Gianoudis, Christine A Bailey, Kerrie M Sanders, Caryl A Nowson, Keith Hill, Peter R Ebeling and Robin M Daly

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:78

    Content type: Study protocol

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  50. Chronic localized pain syndromes, especially chronic low back pain (CLBP), are common reasons for consultation in general practice. In some cases chronic localized pain syndromes can appear in combination with...

    Authors: Annika Viniol, Nikita Jegan, Corinna Leonhardt, Konstantin Strauch, Markus Brugger, Jürgen Barth, Erika Baum and Annette Becker

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2012 13:77

    Content type: Study protocol

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