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  1. Limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2Y (LGMD2Y) is a rare subgroup of limb girdle muscular dystrophy featuring limb-girdle weakness, tendon contracture and cardiac involvement. It is caused by the mutation of ...

    Authors: Xuelin Feng, Jinlang Wu, Wenbiao Xian, Bing Liao, Songjie Liao, Xiaoli Yao and Weixi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:588

    Content type: Case report

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  2. The impact of work-related musculoskeletal symptoms (WMSS) permeates various occupations.

    Authors: Chinenye Doris Oluka, Esther Obidike, Antoninus Obinna Ezeukwu, Ogochukwu Kelechi Onyeso and Echezona Nelson Dominic Ekechukwu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:587

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Melanocortin receptor (MCR) agonists have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties mediated by receptors expressed on cells relevant to arthritis. Repository corticotropin injection (RCI; Acthar® Gel)...

    Authors: Dima A. Decker, Paul Higgins, Kyle Hayes, Chris Bollinger, Patrice Becker and Dale Wright

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:586

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Secondary osteonecrosis of the knee is a rare event. There are few reports regarding management of this condition. The aim of the present study is to report treatment outcomes for secondary osteonecrosis of th...

    Authors: Tao Yang, Huaming Xue, Tong Ma, Tao Wen, Long Xue, Mengyin Guan and Yihui Tu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:585

    Content type: Case report

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  5. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Ying Li, Jiliang Jiang, Liangcheng Tong, Tingting Gao, Lei Bai, Qing Xue, Jianxin Xing, Qin Wang, Haoran Lyu, Min Cai and Zhongyang Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:584

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:449

  6. The prepsoas lateral approach for spinal fusion, oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF), is considered one of the minimally invasive spinal fusion methods and is gaining popularity due to improved outc...

    Authors: Vit Kotheeranurak, Weerasak Singhatanadgige, Chindarat Ratanakornphan, Wicharn Yingsakmongkol, Richard A. Hynes and Worawat Limthongkul

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:583

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Patellofemoral pain is a prevalent condition in the general population, especially in women, and produces functional impairment in patients. Therapeutic exercise is considered an essential part of the conserva...

    Authors: Angel Yañez-Álvarez, Beatriz Bermúdez-Pulgarín, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez and Manuel Albornoz-Cabello

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:582

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Acetabular reconstruction with bone impaction grafting in large defects has yielded conflicting results.

    Authors: Basilio De la Torre-Escuredo, Eva Gómez-García, Salvador Álvarez-Villar, Julia Bujan and Miguel A. Ortega

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:581

    Content type: Research article

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  9. This study aimed to compare the operative outcome of percutaneous repair (modified Bunnell suture technique) versus open repair (bundle-to-bundle suture technique) of acute Achilles tendon rupture.

    Authors: Xiaomeng Wang, Huixin Liu, Dengke Li, Zixuan Luo, Yansen Li and Fengqi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:580

    Content type: Research article

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  10. With the global determination to eliminate tuberculosis (TB), the treatment for end-stage TB of the knee joint is still a great clinical challenge. This study aims to retrospectively determine the clinical and...

    Authors: Jiachen Sun, Qiang Li, Feng Gao, Zhou Xiang, Qi Huang and Lang Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:579

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Reducing tourniquet inflation time is important because of the complications of tourniquet extensively used for the control of hemorrhage in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Bleeding management is critical to ac...

    Authors: Hongzhi Liu, Zhaohui Liu, Qidong Zhang and Wanshou Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:578

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a rare disease characterized by bone lesions and osteolysis. Therapy usually involves surgical resection. Sirolimus (Rapamycin) is used in some patients with GSD but the efficacy ...

    Authors: Yu Liang, Ruicheng Tian, Jing Wang, Yuhua Shan, Hongxiang Gao, Chenjie Xie, Jingjing Li, Min Xu and Song Gu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:577

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Evaluate the effect of bacteria drug resistance profile on the success rates of debridement, antibiotics and implant retention.

    Authors: Bruno Alves Rudelli, Pedro Nogueira Giglio, Vladimir Cordeiro de Carvalho, José Ricardo Pécora, Henrique Melo Campos Gurgel, Ricardo Gomes Gobbi, José Riccardo Negreiros Vicente, Ana Lucia Lei Munhoz Lima and Camilo Partezani Helito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:574

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Failed treatment of intertrochanteric (IT) femoral fractures leads to remarkable disability and pain, and revision surgery is frequently accompanied by higher complication and reoperation rates than primary in...

    Authors: Pei Liu, Dongxu Jin, Changqing Zhang and Youshui Gao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:573

    Content type: Review

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  15. Spinal fungal infections, especially spinal Aspergillus infections, are rare in the clinic. Here, we introduce the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment, and prognoses of 6 cases of Aspergillus spondylitis.

    Authors: Guohua Dai, Ting Wang, Chuqiang Yin, Yuanliang Sun, Derong Xu, Zhongying Wang, Liangrui Luan, Jianwen Hou and Shuzhong Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:572

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Histological and epidemiological data suggest that increased signal intensity at the proximal patellar tendon on magnetic resonance imaging is a response to tendon loading. As patellofemoral geometry is a medi...

    Authors: Robert D. Little, Samuel E. Smith, Flavia M. Cicuttini, Stephanie K. Tanamas, Anita E. Wluka, Sultana Monira Hussain, Donna M. Urquhart, Graeme Jones and Yuanyuan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:571

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Different fixation methods have been used to treat posterior malleolar fractures (PMFs), but the clinical efficacy of different fixation methods in the treatment of PMF with different fragmentation has rarely ...

    Authors: Zheng Wang, Jianbin Sun, Jun Yan, Pengcheng Gao, Hao Zhang, Yong Yang and Qunhua Jin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:570

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Pressure biofeedback unit (PBU) is a widely used non-invasive device to assist core muscle training by providing pressure feedback. The aim this study was to compare the muscle activities of transverse abdomin...

    Authors: Xin Li, Wai Leung Ambrose Lo, Song-wei Lu, Howe Liu, Ke-yu Lin, Jian-yang Lai, Le Li and Chu-huai Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:569

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Foehn describes a wind which occurs in areas with close proximity to mountains. The presence of foehn wind is associated with worsening health conditions.

    Authors: Frederik Greve, Karl-Georg Kanz, Michael Zyskowski, Francesca von Matthey, Peter Biberthaler, Stefan Muthers, Andreas Matzarakis, Rolf Lefering and Stefan Huber-Wagner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:568

    Content type: Research article

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  20. An understanding of the clinical features of inflammation in low back pain with or without leg symptoms may allow targeted evaluations of anti-inflammatory treatment in randomised-controlled-trials and clinica...

    Authors: Jon J. Ford, Omar Kaddour, Michael Gonzales, Patrick Page and Andrew J. Hahne

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:567

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Various studies have described the efficacy and safety of the treatment for unstable thoracolumbar osteoporotic burst fracture, however, there is still no consensus on the optimal treatment regimen. The aim of...

    Authors: Xudong Hu, Weihu Ma, Jianming Chen, Yang Wang and Weiyu Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:566

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Tourniquet use is associated with complications such as thigh pain, skin problems, and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This prospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the pneumatic tourniquet s...

    Authors: Jae-Young Park, Sung Eun Kim, Myung Chul Lee and Hyuk-Soo Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:565

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Cherubism is a rare autosomal dominant genetic condition caused by mutations in the SH3BP2 gene. This disease is characterized by osteolysis of the jaws, with the bone replaced by soft tissue rich in fibroblasts ...

    Authors: Anne Morice, Aline Joly, Manon Ricquebourg, Gérard Maruani, Emmanuel Durand, Louise Galmiche, Jeanne Amiel, Yoann Vial, Hélène Cavé, Kahina Belhous, Marie Piketty, Martine Cohen-Solal, Ariane Berdal, Corinne Collet, Arnaud Picard, Amelie E. Coudert…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:564

    Content type: Case report

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  24. To systematically review the association between knee abduction kinematics and kinetics during weight-bearing activities at baseline and the risk of future anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.

    Authors: Anna Cronström, Mark W. Creaby and Eva Ageberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:563

    Content type: Research article

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  25. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Miao Li, Jue Jiang, Qi Zhou and Chen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:562

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:157

  26. Although athletic endeavours are associated with a high amount of physical stress and injury, the prevalence of pain is underreported in the sports medicine literature with only a few studies reporting pain on...

    Authors: S. Christopher, B. A. Tadlock, B. J. Veroneau, C. Harnish, N. K. P. Perera, A. M. Knab, S. Vallabhajosula and G. S. Bullock

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:561

    Content type: Research article

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  27. There is no consensus on the optimal treatment for displaced midshaft clavicle fractures. Several studies indicate superior patient satisfaction in favour of operative reconstruction. It is unknown what drives...

    Authors: Eric D. Tutuhatunewa, Martin Stevens, Olivier C. Dams, Jeffrey van Son, Rebecca D. Louhanepessy, Paul F. M. Krabbe, Maarten J. Postma and Ron L. Diercks

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:560

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Recently, an increasing number of studies have focused on the extra-gastrointestinal effects of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), including metabolic syndrome, fatty liver, and rheumatic and skin diseases. Oste...

    Authors: Jing-Wei Wang, Feng-Xiao Dong, Hui Su, Licun Zhu, Sujun Shao and Hong Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:559

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Although computed tomography (CT) is commonly used to diagnose the scoliotic spine in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) preoperatively, it is limited by the high radiation and prone scanning ...

    Authors: Kwong Hang Yeung, Gene Chi Wai Man, Tsz Ping Lam, Bobby Kin Wah Ng, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng and Winnie Chiu Wing Chu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:558

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Microfracture is a surgical technique that involves creating multiple holes of 3–4 mm depth in the subchondral bone to recruit stem cells in the bone marrow to the lesion, inducing fibrocartilage repair and kn...

    Authors: Xiang Yun Yin, Do Young Park, Young Jick Kim, Hye Jung Ahn, Seung-Hyun Yoo and Byoung-Hyun Min

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:557

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Combined anterior and posterior ankle impingement has seldom been reported. Cedell fracture, fracture of posteromedial tubercle of talus, is an uncommon and easily missed injury which may elicit posteromedial ...

    Authors: De-an Qin, Zhi-zhen Jin and Jie-fu Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:556

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Congenital kyphoscoliosis is a disease that often requires surgical treatment. Wedge osteotomies, such as pedicle subtraction osteotomy, are insufficient to correct this complicated rigid deformity. Vertebral ...

    Authors: Fanqi Hu, Wenhao Hu, Xiaoqing Yang, Chunguo Wang, Kai Song, Guoquan Zheng and Xuesong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:555

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Although mid back pain (MBP) is a common condition that causes significant disability, it has received little attention in research and knowledge about trajectories and prognosis of MBP is limited. The purpose...

    Authors: Christina Knecht, Sonja Hartnack, Beate Sick, Fabienne Riner, Petra Schweinhardt and Brigitte Wirth

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:554

    Content type: Research article

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  34. A glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) of the shoulder, is associated with an increased risk of shoulder injuries in tennis athletes. The aim of the present study was to reveal the impact of 1) age, s...

    Authors: Kristin Kalo, Lutz Vogt, Johanna Sieland, Winfried Banzer and Daniel Niederer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:553

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Few studies compared the length change of ligaments of normal knees during dynamic activities of daily living. The aim of this study was to investigate in vivo length change of ligaments of the normal knees du...

    Authors: Kenichi Kono, Shoji Konda, Takaharu Yamazaki, Sakae Tanaka, Kazuomi Sugamoto and Tetsuya Tomita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:552

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Due to its abnormal morphology and ultrastructure, discoid lateral meniscus (DLM) is prone to tear and degeneration, leading to clinical symptoms. Arthroscopy is the main treatment for symptomatic DLM; however...

    Authors: Shun-Jie Yang, Zhong-Jun Ding, Jian Li, Yang Xue and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:551

    Content type: Research article

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  37. To compare intra-articular (IA) knee injections of a cross-linked high-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid (HMW-HA) with a linear low-molecular weight HA (LMW-HA) in terms of pain and functional improvement among...

    Authors: Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Mohsen Cheraghi, Shahram Rahimi-Dehgolan and Adel Ebrahimpour

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:550

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Recovery of motor dysfunction is important for patients with incomplete cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). To enhance the recovery of muscle strength, both research and treatments mainly focus on injury of upp...

    Authors: Jun Li, Yancheng Zhu, Yang Li, Shisheng He and Deguo Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:549

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The prognostic value of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) for the outcome of acute cervical traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) patients has rarely been studied by now throughout the world.

    Authors: Jian-Lan Zhao, Song-Tao Lai, Zhuo-Ying Du, Jian Xu, Yi-Rui Sun, Qiang Yuan, Xing Wu, Zhi-Qi Li, Jin Hu and Rong Xie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:548

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a complicated disease associated with trauma, hormone abuse and excessive alcohol consumption. Polymorphisms of long non-coding RNAs have been also linked with the d...

    Authors: Yongchang Guo, Yuju Cao, Shunguo Gong, Sumei Zhang, Fengzhi Hou, Xinjie Zhang, Jiangeng Hu, Zhimin Yang, Juanjuan Yi, Dan Luo, Xifeng Chen and Jingbo Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:547

    Content type: Research article

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  41. One advantage of an endoscopic approach to treating lumbar spinal stenosis is preservation of spine stability and the adjacent anatomy, and there is a decrease in adjacent segment disc degeneration. The purpos...

    Authors: Peigen Xie, Feng Feng, Zihao Chen, Lei He, Bu Yang, Ruiqiang Chen, Wenbin Wu, Bin Liu, Jianwen Dong, Tao Shu, Liangming Zhang, Chien-Min Chen and Limin Rong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:546

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Osteoarthritis (OA) disproportionately impacts African Americans compared to Caucasians, including greater pain severity. The Pain Coping Skills Training for African Americans with Osteoarthritis (STAART) study e...

    Authors: Chamara J. Dharmasri, Ida Griesemer, Liubov Arbeeva, Lisa C. Campbell, Crystal W. Cené, Francis J. Keefe, Eugene Z. Oddone, Tamara J. Somers and Kelli D. Allen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:545

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Physiotherapy is a proven effective treatment strategy after total knee and hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA), however there is considerable practice variation regarding its timing, content and duration. This study a...

    Authors: Lichelle Groot, Maaike G.J. Gademan, Wilfred F. Peter, Wilbert B. van den Hout, Hennie Verburg, Thea P.M. Vliet Vlieland and Max Reijman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:544

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a rare and temporary clinical condition characterised by bone marrow edema (BME), severe pain, and functional limitation. It commonly occurs in middle-aged men or in ...

    Authors: Marco Paoletta, Antimo Moretti, Sara Liguori, Matteo Bertone, Giuseppe Toro and Giovanni Iolascon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:543

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Kashin–Beck disease (KBD) is a disabling osteoarticular disease involving growth and joint cartilage. Early diagnosis can effectively prevent the progress of the disease. However, the early diagnosis of it is ...

    Authors: Yong Li, Pengde Kang, Zongke Zhou, Fuxing Pei, Qing He and Dike Ruan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:540

    Content type: Research article

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  46. C1-ring osteosynthesis is a valid alternative to posterior C1–C2 or C0–C2 fusion to preserve important C1–C2 motion in the treatment of unstable atlas fractures. Nevertheless, the fixation instruments used in ...

    Authors: Xiaobao Zou, Beiping Ouyang, Binbin Wang, Haozhi Yang, Su Ge, Yuyue Chen, Ling Ni, Shuang Zhang, Hong Xia, Zenghui Wu and Xiangyang Ma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:538

    Content type: Research article

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