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  1. Reproducible measurements of the range of motion are an important prerequisite for the interpretation of study results. The digital inclinometer is considered to be a useful instrument because it is inexpensiv...

    Authors: Andrea F de Winter, Monique AMB Heemskerk, Caroline B Terwee, Marielle P Jans, Walter Devillé, Dirk-Jan van Schaardenburg, Rob JPM Scholten and Lex M Bouter
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:18
  2. Although the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) is considered the leading outcome measure for patients with osteoarthritis of the lower extremity, recent work has challenged i...

    Authors: Paul W Stratford and Deborah M Kennedy
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:17
  3. The prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints in dentists is high although relatively few studies had focus in this profession. The aim of this study was to investigate the relations between physical, psychosoc...

    Authors: Evangelos C Alexopoulos, Ioanna-Christina Stathi and Fotini Charizani
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:16
  4. Facet joints are a clinically important source of chronic cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine pain. The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate the prevalence of facet joint pain by spinal region...

    Authors: Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Mark V Boswell, Vijay Singh, Vidyasagar Pampati, Kim S Damron and Carla D Beyer
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:15
  5. Disability associated with work-related musculoskeletal disorders is an increasingly serious societal problem. Although most injured workers return quickly to work, a substantial number do not. The costs of ch...

    Authors: Judith A Turner, Gary Franklin, Deborah Fulton-Kehoe, Kathleen Egan, Thomas M Wickizer, James F Lymp, Lianne Sheppard and Joel D Kaufman
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:14
  6. The purpose of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability of temporal and spatial gait measurements over a one-week period as measured using an instrumented walkway system (GAITRite®).

    Authors: Cornelis JT van Uden and Marcus P Besser
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:13
  7. Hyaluronan, an unsulfated glycosaminoglycan, while being closely linked to osteoclast function several years ago, has received little attention lately. Given recent new knowledge of hyaluronan's possible cell ...

    Authors: Charles W Prince
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:12
  8. The presence of a fragility fracture is a major risk factor for osteoporosis, and should be an indicator for osteoporosis diagnosis and therapy. However, the extent to which patients who fracture are assessed ...

    Authors: A Papaioannou, L Giangregorio, B Kvern, P Boulos, G Ioannidis and JD Adachi
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:11
  9. Aseptic loosening of hip prosthesis as it occurs in clinical cases in human patients was attributed to wear particles of the implants, the response of the tissue dominated by macrophages and the production of ...

    Authors: Alexander O El-Warrak, Marvin Olmstead, Rebecca Schneider, Lorenz Meinel, Regula Bettschart-Wolfisberger, Margarete K Akens, Joerg Auer and Brigitte von Rechenberg
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:7
  10. S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) is a dietary supplement used in the management of osteoarthritis (OA) symptoms. Studies evaluating SAMe in the management of OA have been limited to Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory ...

    Authors: Wadie I Najm, Sibylle Reinsch, Fred Hoehler, Jerome S Tobis and Phillip W Harvey
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:6
  11. Knee pain affects an estimated 25% of the adult population aged 50 years and over. Osteoarthritis is the most common diagnosis made in older adults consulting with knee pain in primary care. However, the relat...

    Authors: George Peat, Elaine Thomas, June Handy, Laurence Wood, Krysia Dziedzic, Helen Myers, Ross Wilkie, Rachel Duncan, Elaine Hay, Jonathan Hill and Peter Croft
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:4
  12. The prone leg extension (PLE) is a clinical test used to evaluate the function of the lumbopelvis. It has been theorized that a normal and consistent pattern of muscle activation exists. Previous research has ...

    Authors: Gregory J Lehman, Duane Lennon, Brian Tresidder, Ben Rayfield and Michael Poschar
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:3
  13. The clinical syndrome of joint pain and stiffness in older people is the commonest cause of disability and health care consultation in this age group. Yet there have been few prospective studies of its course ...

    Authors: Elaine Thomas, Ross Wilkie, George Peat, Susan Hill, Krysia Dziedzic and Peter Croft
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:2
  14. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether professional drivers of all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) with neck pain have a different array of neuromusculoskeletal disorders in the neck and upper extremitie...

    Authors: Börje Rehn, Tohr Nilsson and Bengt Järvholm
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2004 5:1
  15. Cervical pillar hyperplasia (CPH) is a recently described phenomenon of unknown aetiology. Its clinical importance is poorly understood at the present time; therefore, the objective of this study was to determ...

    Authors: Maja Stupar, Damien Mauron and Cynthia K Peterson
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:28
  16. Fracture of the distal radius is a common clinical problem, particularly in older white women with osteoporosis. We report our work towards evidence-based and patient-centred care for adults with these injuries.

    Authors: Helen HG Handoll and Rajan Madhok
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:27
  17. To describe the design of a population based randomized controlled trial (RCT), including a cost-effectiveness analysis, comparing participative ergonomics interventions between 2–8 weeks of sick leave and Gra...

    Authors: Ivan A Steenstra, Johannes R Anema, Paulien M Bongers, Henrica CW de Vet and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:26
  18. Musculoskeletal hydatidosis is very rare and represents 1% – 5.4% of all cases of echinococcosis. On clinical basis, infection mimics a soft-tissue tumor, and the preoperative radiological diagnosis is very im...

    Authors: Zafer Orhan, Hasan Kara, Tolga Tuzuner, Irfan Sencan and Murat Alper
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:25
  19. Distal radius fractures are a common injury that cause pain and disability. The purpose of this study was to describe the pain and disabilities experienced by patients with a distal radius fracture in the firs...

    Authors: Joy C MacDermid, James H Roth and Robert S Richards
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:24
  20. It is now recognized that large diameter myelinated afferents provide the primary source of lower limb proprioceptive information for maintaining an upright standing position. Small diameter afferents transmit...

    Authors: Jean-Sébastien Blouin, Philippe Corbeil and Normand Teasdale
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:23
  21. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in the aluminium industry is high, and there is a considerable work-related fraction. More knowledge about the predictors of sickness absence from MSD in this ...

    Authors: Tone Morken, Trond Riise, Bente Moen, Signe HV Hauge, Solrun Holien, Anne Langedrag, Svein Pedersen, Inger Lise L Saue, Guri M Seljebø and Varughese Thoppil
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:21
  22. Interpretation of small biopsy fragments from suspected lesions of fibrous dysplasia with unusual clinical and / or radiological features may be challenging due to wide histomorphological spectrum of stromal a...

    Authors: Vinod B Shidham, Ashwini Chavan, R Nagarjun Rao, Richard A Komorowski and Zeenath Asma
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:20
  23. Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic relapsing multisystem inflammatory disorder with mucocutaneous, ocular, articular, vascular, gastrointestinal and central nervous system manifestations. Tumor necrosis factor...

    Authors: Salvatore Gulli, Carlo Arrigo, Loredana Bocchino, Lucia Morgante, Donatella Sangari, Irene Castagna and Gian Filippo Bagnato
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:19
  24. Whiplash-associated disorder (or "whiplash") is a common condition incurring considerable expense in social and economic terms. A lack of research on effective therapy for patients with chronic whiplash associ...

    Authors: Mark J Stewart, Christopher G Maher, Kathryn M Refshauge, Rob D Herbert, Nikolai Bogduk and Michael Nicholas
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:18
  25. Osteoporosis knowledge is an important contributor to improving exercise and calcium intake behaviour. However, there are few validated instruments for measuring osteoporosis knowledge levels. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Tania M Winzenberg, Brian Oldenburg, Sue Frendin and Graeme Jones
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:17
  26. Dupuytren's contracture or disease (DD) is a fibro-proliferative disease of the hand that results in the development of scar-like, collagen-rich disease cords within specific palmar fascia bands. Although the ...

    Authors: Jeffrey C Howard, Vincenzo M Varallo, Douglas C Ross, James H Roth, Kenneth J Faber, Benjamin Alman and Bing Siang Gan
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:16
  27. Increased BMI may affect the determination of bone mineral density (BMD) by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and speed of sound (SOS) measured across bones. Preliminary data suggest that axial SOS is less affec...

    Authors: Miriam Steinschneider, Philippe Hagag, Micha J Rapoport and Mordechai Weiss
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:15
  28. To assess balance in single-limb stance, center of pressure movements can be registered by stabilometry with force platforms. This can be used for evaluation of injuries to the lower extremities. It is importa...

    Authors: Eva Ageberg, David Roberts, Eva Holmström and Thomas Fridén
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:14
  29. Cystic fibrosis is the most common fatal autosomal recessive genetic disease in the Caucasian population. Osteoporosis is increasingly being recognised as an important complication in people with cystic fibrosis.

    Authors: Christine Brenckmann, Alexandra Papaioannou, Andreas Freitag, Rosamund Hennessey, Suzanne Hansen, George Ioannidis, Colin Webber and Jonathan Adachi
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:13
  30. The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire is a self-administered region-specific outcome instrument developed as a measure of self-rated upper-extremity disability and symptoms. The D...

    Authors: Christina Gummesson, Isam Atroshi and Charlotte Ekdahl
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:11
  31. The aim of the study was to evaluate if physical functions usually associated with a younger population were of importance for an older population, and to construct an outcome measure for hip osteoarthritis wi...

    Authors: Anna K Nilsdotter, L Stefan Lohmander, Maria Klässbo and Ewa M Roos
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:10
  32. Numerous nerve conduction tests are used for the electrodiagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), with a wide range of sensitivity and specificity reported for each test in clinical studies. The tests have no...

    Authors: Isam Atroshi, Christina Gummesson, Ragnar Johnsson and Ewald Ornstein
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:9
  33. Statins, potent compounds that inhibit cholesterol synthesis in the liver have been reported to induce bone formation, both in tissue culture and in rats and mice. To re-examine potential anabolic effects of s...

    Authors: Dietrich von Stechow, Susan Fish, Dror Yahalom, Itai Bab, Michael Chorev, Ralph Müller and Joseph M Alexander
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:8
  34. Dietary magnesium (Mg) deficiency in the mouse perturbs bone and mineral homeostasis. The objective of the present study was to evaluate bone mineral density of the femur in control and Mg-deficient mice.

    Authors: Helen E Gruber, Robert K Rude, L Wei, A Frausto, Barbara G Mills and H James Norton
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:7
  35. Iceland's geographical isolation with a stable and small population gives a rare opportunity for follow-up studies of medical interventions. Total hip replacements (THR) have been done at FSA Central Hospital ...

    Authors: Jonas Franklin, Otto Robertsson, Julius Gestsson, L Stefan Lohmander and Thorvaldur Ingvarsson
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:6
  36. The identification of live cells using membrane integrity dyes has become a frequently used technique, especially with articular cartilage and chondrocytes in situ where tissue slices are used to assess cell reco...

    Authors: NM Jomha, PC Anoop, Janet AW Elliott, K Bagnall and LE McGann
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:5
  37. The purpose of this study is to present an automated system that analyzes digitized x-ray images of small animal spines identifying the effects of disc degeneration. The age-related disc and spine degeneration...

    Authors: Christy Wilson, Darien Brown, Kayvan Najarian, Edward N Hanley and Helen E Gruber
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:4
  38. Musculoskeletal complaints are frequent and have large consequences for public health. Information about the prognosis after presentation in general practice is far from complete. Knowledge about determinants ...

    Authors: Johanna M van der Waal, Sandra DM Bot, Caroline B Terwee, Daniëlle AWM van der Windt, Lex M Bouter and Joost Dekker
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:3
  39. Classical homocystinuria is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) deficiency and characterized by distinctive alterations of bone growth and skeletal development. Skeletal ch...

    Authors: Priscilla G Massé, Adele L Boskey, Israel Ziv, Peter Hauschka, Sharon M Donovan, David S Howell and David EC Cole
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:2
  40. The current practice of the Swedish Knee Register is not to take into consideration if one or both knees in a patient are subject to surgery when evaluating risk of revision after arthroplasty. Risk calculatio...

    Authors: Otto Robertsson and Jonas Ranstam
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2003 4:1
  41. It has been reported that there is an inverse association between osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis. However, the relationship of bone mass to OA in a Japanese population whose rates of OA are different fro...

    Authors: Yuichirou Yahata, Kiyoshi Aoyagi, Shoji Yoshida, Philip D Ross, Itsuro Yoshimi, Kazuhiko Moji and Tai-ichiro Takemoto
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2002 3:24
  42. Recent cadaver studies show stability against axial rotation with a cylindrical cage is marginally superior to a rectangular cage. The purpose of this biomechanical study in cadaver spine was to evaluate the s...

    Authors: Dilip K Sengupta, SMH Mehdian, Robert C Mulholland, John K Webb and Donna D Ohnmeiss
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2002 3:23
  43. The identification of new methods of evaluating patients with osteoporotic fracture should focus on their usefulness in clinical situations such that they are easily measured and applicable to all patients. Th...

    Authors: WP Olszynski, G Ioannidis, RJ Sebaldt, DA Hanley, A Petrie, JP Brown, RG Josse, TM Murray, CH Goldsmith, GF Stephenson, A Papaioannou and JD Adachi
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2002 3:22

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