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  1. This paper reports an in-vitro study for evaluating the influence of the femoral tunnel orientation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) double-bundle reconstructions.

    Authors: Stefano Zaffagnini, Danilo Bruni, Sandra Martelli, Naoaki Imakiire, Maurilio Marcacci and Alessandro Russo
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:25
  2. Many new treatments for degeneration of the intervertebral disc are being developed which can be delivered through a needle. These require testing in model systems before being used in human patients. Unfortun...

    Authors: Sally Roberts, Janis Menage, Sarit Sivan and Jill PG Urban
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:24
  3. The importance of staying active instead of bed rest has been acknowledged in the management of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This emphasizes the potential benefits of adjusting work to fit the employee's ...

    Authors: Kari-Pekka Martimo, Leena Kaila-Kangas, Johanna Kausto, Esa-Pekka Takala, Ritva Ketola, Hilkka Riihimäki, Ritva Luukkonen, Jaro Karppinen, Helena Miranda and Eira Viikari-Juntura
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:23
  4. Little is known about the role of prior occupational low back injury in future episodes of low back pain and disability in the general population. We conducted a study to determine if a lifetime history of wor...

    Authors: Cesar A Hincapié, J David Cassidy and Pierre Côté
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:22
  5. A precise modular topographic-morphological (MTM) classification for proximal humeral fractures may address current classification problems. The classification was developed to evaluate whether a very detailed...

    Authors: Christian Bahrs, Hagen Schmal, Erich Lingenfelter, Bernd Rolauffs, Kuno Weise, Klaus Dietz and Peter Helwig
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:21
  6. This study evaluates changes in peri-articular bone in two canine models for osteoarthritis: the groove model and the anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) model.

    Authors: Yvonne H Sniekers, Femke Intema, Floris PJG Lafeber, Gerjo JVM van Osch, Johannes PTM van Leeuwen, Harrie Weinans and Simon C Mastbergen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:20
  7. The mechanisms thorough which spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) exerts clinical effects are not established. A prior study has suggested a dorsal horn modulated effect; however, the role of subject expectation...

    Authors: Joel E Bialosky, Mark D Bishop, Michael E Robinson, Josh A Barabas and Steven Z George
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:19
  8. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is one of the main causes of musculoskeletal disability in the western world. Current available management options provide symptomatic relief (exercise and self-management, medi...

    Authors: Robyn E Fary, Graeme J Carroll, Tom G Briffa, Ritu Gupta and N Kathryn Briffa
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:18
  9. Stress shielding of the proximal femur has been observed in a number of conventional cementless implants used in total hip arthroplasty. Short femoral-neck implants are claiming less interference with the biom...

    Authors: Ralf Decking, Christoph Rokahr, Matthias Zurstegge, Ulrich Simon and Jens Decking
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:17
  10. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of extra corporeal shock waves (ESW) therapy on the metabolism of healthy and osteoarthritic human chondrocytes, and particularly on the expression of I...

    Authors: Biagio Moretti, Florenzo Iannone, Angela Notarnicola, Giovanni Lapadula, Lorenzo Moretti, Vittorio Patella and Raffaele Garofalo
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:16
  11. External medication that is absorbed percutaneously may be used to reduce inflammation and relieve pain from acute injuries such as ankle sprains and bruises. The plaster method of percutaneous absorption for ...

    Authors: Miho Sekiguchi, Masayoshi Shirasaka, Shin-ichi Konno and Shin-ichi Kikuchi
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:15
  12. Evidence-based medicine posits that health care research is founded upon clinically important differences in patient centered outcomes. Statistically significant differences between two treatments may not nece...

    Authors: Jinsil Sung, Judith Siegel, Paul Tornetta and Mohit Bhandari
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:14
  13. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have a higher risk of low bone mineral density than normal age matched populations. There is limited evidence to support cost effectiveness of population screening in rheumat...

    Authors: Caroline Brand, Adrian Lowe and Stephen Hall
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:13
  14. A nonsurgical intervention, interventional microadhesiolysis, was developed to release adhesions in joints and soft tissues. This paper introduces the procedure and evaluates the efficacy of the intervention f...

    Authors: Kang Ahn, Young-Jin Lee, Eun-Ha Kim, Seung-Min Yang, Tae-Kyun Lim, Yong-Soo Kim and Hyung-Joon Jhun
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:12
  15. The flexion relaxation phenomenon (FRP) is an interesting model to study the modulation of lumbar stability. Previous investigations have explored the effect of load, angular velocity and posture on this parti...

    Authors: Martin Descarreaux, Danik Lafond, Renaud Jeffrey-Gauthier, Hugo Centomo and Vincent Cantin
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:10
  16. We have previously reported that a one-year school-based exercise intervention program influences the accrual of bone mineral in pre-pubertal girls. This report aims to evaluate if also hip structure is affect...

    Authors: Gayani Alwis, Christian Linden, Susanna Stenevi-Lundgren, Henrik G Ahlborg, Jack Besjakov, Per Gardsell and Magnus K Karlsson
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:9
  17. We studied musculoskeletal diseases (MSD) and injuries among fishermen and seamen with focus on low back disorders, carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), rotator cuff syndrome and arthrosis.

    Authors: Linda Kaerlev, Anker Jensen, Per Sabro Nielsen, Jørn Olsen, Harald Hannerz and Finn Tüchsen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:8
  18. Although surgeons acknowledge the importance of irrigating open fracture wounds, the choice of irrigating fluid and delivery pressure remains controversial. Our objective was to clarify current opinion with re...

    Authors: Brad Petrisor, Kyle Jeray, Emil Schemitsch, Beate Hanson, Sheila Sprague, David Sanders and Mohit Bhandari
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:7
  19. The current investigation examined the inter- and intra-tester reliability of knee joint angle measurements using a flexible Penny and Giles Biometric® electrogoniometer. The clinical utility of electrogoniometry...

    Authors: Pagamas Piriyaprasarth, Meg E Morris, Adele Winter and Andrea E Bialocerkowski
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:6
  20. Recently, the MRI finding of "Modic changes" has been identified as pathologic spinal condition that probably reflects a vertebral inflammatory process (VIP), which coincides with spinal pain in most. We hypot...

    Authors: Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Per Kjær, Tom Bendix and Claus Manniche
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:5
  21. The clinical effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) is widely debated because of a lack of clinical trials. The internet may provide an effective and economical approach for undertakin...

    Authors: Sinead Brophy, Claire L Burrows, Caroline Brooks, Michael B Gravenor, Stefan Siebert and Stephen J Allen
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:4
  22. Chronic widespread pain (CWP) affects 10% of adults and often causes significant disability in everyday life. Research on time in chronic conditions has focused on biographical disruption and perceptions of pa...

    Authors: Jane C Richardson, Bie Nio Ong and Julius Sim
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:3
  23. Most fibromyalgia patients are seen in primary care (PC). However, the effectiveness of the treatments prescribed by general practitioners is usually minimal. The main objective of the present research is to a...

    Authors: Rita Fernández, Maria T Peñarubia, Juan V Luciano, Maria E Blanco, Mónica Jiménez, Adrián Montesano, Camino Verduras, José M Ruiz and Antoni Serrano-Blanco
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:2
  24. Skeletal muscles are composed of heterogeneous collections of muscle fiber types, the arrangement of which contributes to a variety of functional capabilities in many muscle types. Furthermore, skeletal muscle...

    Authors: Katsutoshi Yuasa, Akinori Nakamura, Takao Hijikata and Shinichi Takeda
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:1
  25. Impaired proprioception in the lumbar spine has often been reported in people with low back pain. However, no prospective studies exist to assert the cause and effect of this association. We hypothesized that ...

    Authors: Sheri P Silfies, Jacek Cholewicki, N Peter Reeves and Hunter S Greene
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:129
  26. Differences in duration of bone healing in various parts of the human skeleton are common experience for orthopaedic surgeons. The reason for these differences is not obvious and not clear.

    Authors: Iwona Kochanowska, Slawomir Chaberek, Andrzej Wojtowicz, Bartosz Marczyński, Krzysztof Włodarski, Maria Dytko and Kazimierz Ostrowski
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:128
  27. Despite high incidence of ankle fractures in the elderly, studies evaluating outcome and impact of quality of life in this age group specifically are sparse. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcome and q...

    Authors: Gertrud Nilsson, Kjell Jonsson, Charlotte Ekdahl and Magnus Eneroth
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:127
  28. The treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures has historically been limited to several weeks of bed rest, anti-inflammatory and analgesic medications, calcitonin injections, or external...

    Authors: Leigh A Gray, Jeffrey G Jarvik, Patrick J Heagerty, William Hollingworth, Lydia Stout, Bryan A Comstock, Judith A Turner and David F Kallmes
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:126
  29. Cryotherapy (the application of ice for therapeutic purposes) is one of the most common treatment modalities employed in the immediate management of acute soft tissue injury. Despite its widespread clinical us...

    Authors: Chris M Bleakley, Seán O'Connor, Mark A Tully, Laurence G Rocke, Domnhall C MacAuley and Suzanne M McDonough
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:125
  30. Oxidative stress (OxS) has recently been linked with osteoporosis; however, we do not know the influence of OxS as an independent risk factor for this disease.

    Authors: Martha A Sánchez-Rodríguez, Mirna Ruiz-Ramos, Elsa Correa-Muñoz and Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:124
  31. With advances in arthroscopic surgery, many techniques have been developed to increase the tendon-bone contact area, reconstituting a more anatomic configuration of the rotator cuff footprint and providing a b...

    Authors: Francesco Franceschi, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Laura Ruzzini, Giacomo Rizzello, Nicola Maffulli and Vincenzo Denaro
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:123
  32. A laboratory study was conducted, on cadaveric sheep spines to develop an effective procedure for removing as much nucleus as possible from an intervertebral disc with minimal disruption to the annulus. The re...

    Authors: Lei Dang, Douglas Wardlaw and David WL Hukins
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:122
  33. Lower limb strengthening exercises are an important component of the treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA). Strengthening the hip abductor and adductor muscles may influence joint loading and/or OA-related sy...

    Authors: Kim L Bennell, Michael A Hunt, Tim V Wrigley, David J Hunter and Rana S Hinman
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:121
  34. Articular cartilage has little capacity for repair in vivo, however, a small number of studies have shown that, in vitro, a damage/repair response can be induced. Recent work by our group has shown that cartilage...

    Authors: Frances MD Henson and Thea Vincent
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:120
  35. There is evidence of functional growth hormone (GH) deficiency, expressed by means of low insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) serum levels, in a subset of fibromyalgia patients. The efficacy of GH versus plac...

    Authors: Guillem Cuatrecasas, Cristina Riudavets, Maria Antònia Güell and Albert Nadal
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:119
  36. Traction is commonly used for the treatment of low back pain (LBP), predominately with nerve root involvement; however its benefits remain to be established. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility o...

    Authors: Annette A Harte, George D Baxter and Jacqueline H Gracey
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:118
  37. Complaints of arm, neck and shoulder are common in Western societies. Of those consulting a general practitioner (GP) with non-traumatic arm, neck or shoulder complaints, about 50% do not recover within 6 months.

    Authors: Anita Feleus, Tineke van Dalen, Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra, Roos MD Bernsen, Jan AN Verhaar, Bart W Koes and Harald S Miedema
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:117
  38. There are presently few methods described for in vivo monitoring of the mechanics of healing human tendon ruptures, and no methods for prediction of clinical outcome. We tested if Roentgen stereophotogrammetri...

    Authors: Thorsten Schepull, Joanna Kvist, Christer Andersson and Per Aspenberg
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:116
  39. There is a marked variation in clinical phenotypes that have been associated with mutations in FKRP, ranging from severe congenital muscular dystrophies to limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2I (LGMD2I).

    Authors: Peter B Kang, Chris A Feener, Elicia Estrella, Marielle Thorne, Alexander J White, Basil T Darras, Anthony A Amato and Louis M Kunkel
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:115
  40. Objective assessment of motor function is frequently used to evaluate outcome after surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However a range of outcome measures are used and there appears to be no c...

    Authors: Jo Geere, Rachel Chester, Swati Kale and Christina Jerosch-Herold
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:114
  41. Skeletal ratios and bone lengths are widely used in anthropology and forensic pathology and hip axis length is a useful predictor of fracture. The aim of this study was to show that skeletal ratios, such as le...

    Authors: Usha Chinappen-Horsley, Glen M Blake, Ignac Fogelman and Tim D Spector
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:113
  42. The education and activation programme (EAP) aims at coping with psychosocial determinants to prevent the development of chronic shoulder complaints (SCs). The effect of the EAP on functional limitations and p...

    Authors: Camiel De Bruijn, Rob de Bie, Jacques Geraets, Marielle Goossens, Wim van den Heuvel, Geert van der Heijden, Math Candel and Geert-Jan Dinant
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:112
  43. laminectomy is a valuable surgical treatment for some patients with a cervical radiculomyelopathy due to cervical spinal stenosis. More recently attention has been given to motion of the spinal cord over spond...

    Authors: Ronald HMA Bartels, André LM Verbeek and J André Grotenhuis
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:111
  44. To assess the prevalence of and relation between rupture or tenosynovitis of the Flexor Hallucis Longus (FHL) tendon and range of motion, deformities and joint damage of the forefoot in RA patients with foot c...

    Authors: Henriette Baan, Wiepke K Drossaers-Bakkers, Rosemary Dubbeldam, Jaap J Buurke, Anand Nene and Martin AFJ van de Laar
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:110
  45. Whilst evidence exists to support the use of single treatments such as orthoses and footwear, the effectiveness of podiatry-led care as a complex intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) relate...

    Authors: Deborah E Turner, Philip S Helliwell and James Woodburn
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:109
  46. We present the design of an open randomized multi-centre study on surgical versus conservative treatment of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. The study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of conservative t...

    Authors: Roderik Metz, Gino MMJ Kerkhoffs, Egbert-Jan MM Verleisdonk and Geert J van der Heijden
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:108
  47. Shoulder disorders are a common health problem in western societies. Several treatment protocols have been developed for the clinical management of persons with shoulder pain. However available evidence does n...

    Authors: Carel Bron, Michel Wensing, Jo LM Franssen and Rob AB Oostendorp
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:107
  48. Clinical guidelines for the management of back pain frequently recommend 'manual therapy' as a first line intervention, with psychosocial screening and 'active rehabilitation' for those not improving at 6 week...

    Authors: Elaine Hough, Richard Stephenson and Louise Swift
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:106
  49. Specialist 'therapeutic' footwear is recommended for patients with diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as a beneficial intervention for reducing foot pain, improving foot health, and increasing general ...

    Authors: Anita E Williams, Christopher J Nester and Michael I Ravey
    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:104

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