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  1. Treatment efficacy of physical agents in osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK) pain has been largely unknown, and this systematic review was aimed at assessing their short-term efficacies for pain relief.

    Authors: Jan M Bjordal, Mark I Johnson, Rodrigo AB Lopes-Martins, Bård Bogen, Roberta Chow and Anne E Ljunggren

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:51

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) has become an important tool to describe motor function in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). The Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) was develope...

    Authors: Katharina Delhusen Carnahan, Marianne Arner and Gunnar Hägglund

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:50

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Abnormal scapular displacements during arm elevation have been observed in people with shoulder impingement syndrome. These abnormal scapular displacements were evaluated using different methods and instrument...

    Authors: Jean-Sébastien Roy, Hélène Moffet, Luc J Hébert, Guy St-Vincent and Bradford J McFadyen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:49

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Arthroscopy is a highly sensitive method of evaluating high-grade cartilage lesions but the detection of low-grade lesions is often is unreliable. Objective measurements are required. A novel NIRS (near-infrar...

    Authors: Gunter Spahn, Holger Plettenberg, Enrico Kahl, Hans M Klinger, Thomas Mückley and Gunther O Hofmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:47

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Musculoskeletal pain symptoms are common in children and adolescents. These symptoms have a negative impact on children's physical and emotional well-being, but their underlying aetiology and risk factors are ...

    Authors: Ashraf El-Metwally, Jouko J Salminen, Anssi Auvinen, Gary Macfarlane and Marja Mikkelsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:46

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Clinical guidelines are considered important instruments to improve quality in health care. In physiotherapy, insight in adherence to guidelines is limited. Knowledge of adherence is important to identify barr...

    Authors: Philip J van der Wees, Erik JM Hendriks, Mariette J Jansen, Hans van Beers, Rob A de Bie and Joost Dekker

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:45

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Postural control tests like standing and sitting stabilometry are widely used to evaluate neuromuscular control related to trunk balance in low back pain patients. Chronic low back pain patients have lesser po...

    Authors: Ulrike Van Daele, Stefanie Huyvaert, Friso Hagman, William Duquet, Bart Van Gheluwe and Peter Vaes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:44

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Several diseases affect bone healing and physiology. Many drugs that are commonly used in orthopaedics as "analgesics" or anti-inflammatory agents impair bone healing. Stressful conditions are associated with ...

    Authors: Lucio Petrizzi, Massimo Mariscoli, Luca Valbonetti, Vincenzo Varasano, Jens D Langhoff and Brigitte Von Rechenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:43

    Content type: Research article

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  9. There is a lack of standardized tests that assess functional performance for sustained upper extremity activity. This study describes development of a new test for measuring functional performance of the upper...

    Authors: Joy C MacDermid, Myriam Ghobrial, Karine Badra Quirion, Mélanie St-Amour, Tanya Tsui, Dave Humphreys, John McCluskie, Eddy Shewayhat and Vickie Galea

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:42

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Chronic plantar heel pain (CPHP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders of the foot, yet its aetiology is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between CPHP a...

    Authors: Damien B Irving, Jill L Cook, Mark A Young and Hylton B Menz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:41

    Content type: Research article

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  11. β-synemin was originally identified in humans as an α-dystrobrevin-binding protein through a yeast two-hybrid screen using an amino acid sequence derived from exons 1 through 16 of α-dystrobrevin, a region com...

    Authors: Yuji Mizuno, Jeffrey R Guyon, Akiko Ishii, Sachiko Hoshino, Norio Ohkoshi, Akira Tamaoka, Koichi Okamoto and Louis M Kunkel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:40

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Neuromuscular training may reduce risk factors that contribute to ACL injury incidence in female athletes. Multi-component, ACL injury prevention training programs can be time and labor intensive, which may ul...

    Authors: Gregory D Myer, Kevin R Ford, Jensen L Brent and Timothy E Hewett

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:39

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Treatment of headache disorders is not always optimal. Patients are treated in multiple ways, and the lack of scientific arguments for referral and the insufficient implementation of guidelines result in uncle...

    Authors: Willem J De Hertogh, Peter H Vaes, Dirk Devroey, Steven Truijen, William Duquet and Rob Oostendorp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:38

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies have been of diagnostic value in Northern European Caucasian patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In these populations, anti-CCP antibodies are assoc...

    Authors: Ioannis Alexiou, Anastasios Germenis, Athanasios Ziogas, Katerina Theodoridou and Lazaros I Sakkas

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:37

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Plantar heel pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders of the foot and ankle. Treatment of the condition is usually conservative, however the effectiveness of many treatments frequently used in ...

    Authors: Joel A Radford, Karl B Landorf, Rachelle Buchbinder and Catherine Cook

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:36

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Training of neuromuscular control has become increasingly important and plays a major role in rehabilitation of subjects with an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Little is known, however, of the...

    Authors: Anette von Porat, Marketta Henriksson, Eva Holmström and Ewa M Roos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:35

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Health service policy in the United Kingdom emphasises the importance of self-care by patients with chronic conditions. Written information for patients about their condition is seen as an important aid to hel...

    Authors: Janet C Grime and Bie Nio Ong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:34

    Content type: Research article

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  18. A conceptual model of lateral muscular tension in patients presenting thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) has been recently described. Clinical improvement has been achieved by using acupuncture on points ...

    Authors: Roy Moncayo, Ansgar Rudisch, Christian Kremser and Helga Moncayo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:33

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In the rehabilitation of patients with prolonged back and neck pain, the physical impairment should be assessed. Previous research has exclusively engaged medically educated examiners, mostly physiotherapists....

    Authors: Odd Lindell, Lars Eriksson and Lars-Erik Strender

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:31

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Musculoskeletal impairment (MSI) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in developing countries. Prevalence studies for MSI in the developing world have used varying methodologi...

    Authors: Oluwarantimi Atijosan, Hannah Kuper, Dorothea Rischewski, Victoria Simms and Christopher Lavy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:30

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a downstream metabolite of ceramide, induces various bioactivities via two distinct pathways: as an intracellular second messenger or through receptor activation. The receptor fo...

    Authors: Kayo Masuko, Minako Murata, Hiroshi Nakamura, Kazuo Yudoh, Kusuki Nishioka and Tomohiro Kato

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:29

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Lumbosacral fusion is a relatively common procedure that is used in the management of an unstable spine. The anterior interbody cage has been involved to enhance the stability of a pedicle screw construct used...

    Authors: Shih-Hao Chen, Ruey Mo Lin, Hsiang-Ho Chen and Kai-Jow Tsai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:28

    Content type: Research article

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  23. This study explored the feasibility of using an Internet survey of people with fibromyalgia (FM), with a view to providing information on demographics, sources of information, symptoms, functionality, perceive...

    Authors: Robert M Bennett, Jessie Jones, Dennis C Turk, I Jon Russell and Lynne Matallana

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:27

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Long thoracic nerve injury leading to scapular winging is common, often caused by closed trauma through compression, stretching, traction, direct extrinsic force, penetrating injury, or neuritides such as Pars...

    Authors: Rahul K Nath, Andrew B Lyons and Gabriel Bietz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:25

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Running is a popular form of recreational exercise. Beside the positive effects of running on health and fitness, the risk of a running related injury has to be considered. The incidence of injuries in runners...

    Authors: Ida Buist, Steef W Bredeweg, Koen APM Lemmink, Gert-Jan Pepping, Johannes Zwerver, Willem van Mechelen and Ron L Diercks

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:24

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Hydrotherapy is highly valued by people with rheumatoid arthritis yet few studies have compared the benefits of exercises in heated water against exercises on land. In particular, data on quality of life is ra...

    Authors: Lis Eversden, Fiona Maggs, Peter Nightingale and Paresh Jobanputra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:23

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Primary patellofemoral dislocations are common. In most patients, non-operative management produces satisfactory outcome. If the dislocation recurs after a trial of rehabilitation, operative intervention is co...

    Authors: Michael R Carmont and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:22

    Content type: Technical advance

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  28. Different interventions can reduce the burden of the chronic low back pain. One example is the use of a 'Back School Programme'. This is a brief therapy that uses a health education method to empower participa...

    Authors: Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Ahmadreza Jamshidi, Kazem Mohammad and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:21

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disorder which usually begins in early adulthood. The diagnosis is often delayed by many years. MR imaging has become the preferred imaging method for...

    Authors: Ulrich Weber, Christian WA Pfirrmann, Rudolf O Kissling, Juerg Hodler and Marco Zanetti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:20

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Manipulation is a common treatment for non-specific neck pain. Neck manipulation, unlike gentler forms of manual therapy such as mobilisation, is associated with a small risk of serious neurovascular injury an...

    Authors: Andrew M Leaver, Kathryn M Refshauge, Christopher G Maher, Jane Latimer, Rob D Herbert, Gwendolen Jull and James H McAuley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:18

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Low level connective tissue inflammation has been proposed to play a role in thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). The aim of this study was to investigate this postulate by a musculoskeletal approach toget...

    Authors: Roy Moncayo and Helga Moncayo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:17

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Tendinosis lesions show an increase of glycosaminoglycan amount, calcifications, and lipid accumulation. Therefore, altered cellular differentiation might play a role in the etiology of tendinosis. This study ...

    Authors: Marieke de Mos, Wendy JLM Koevoet, Holger Jahr, Monique MA Verstegen, Marinus P Heijboer, Nicole Kops, Johannes PTM van Leeuwen, Harrie Weinans, Jan AN Verhaar and Gerjo JVM van Osch

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:16

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is the most frequently recorded shoulder disorder. When conservative treatment of SIS fails, a subacromial decompression is warranted. However, the best moment of referra...

    Authors: Oscar Dorrestijn, Martin Stevens, Ron L Diercks, Klaas van der Meer and Jan C Winters

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:15

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Low back pain (LBP) is a major public health problem. Risk factors for the development and persistence of LBP include physical and psychological factors. However, most research activity has focused on physical...

    Authors: Sarah E Lamb, Ranjit Lall, Zara Hansen, Emma J Withers, Frances E Griffiths, Ala Szczepura, Julie Barlow and Martin R Underwood

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. It is not clear whether bone turnover markers can be used to make inference regarding changes in bone mineral density (BMD) in untreated healthy elderly men. The present study was designed to address three spe...

    Authors: Tuan V Nguyen, Christian Meier, Jacqueline R Center, John A Eisman and Markus J Seibel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:13

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Osteoporosis, a disease of decreased bone mineral density represents a significant and growing burden in the western world. Aging population structure and therapeutic use of glucocorticoids have contributed in...

    Authors: Conor J Hurson, Joseph S Butler, Dominic T Keating, David W Murray, Denise M Sadlier, John M O'Byrne and Peter P Doran

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:12

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Although clinical guidelines generally portray chronic low back pain as a condition with a poor prognosis this portrayal is based on studies of potentially unrepresentative survival cohorts. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Luciola da Cunha Menezes Costa, Nicholas Henschke, Christopher G Maher, Kathryn M Refshauge, Robert D Herbert, James H McAuley, Anurina Das and Leonardo OP Costa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:11

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. In many countries, community pharmacists can be consulted without appointment in a large number of convenient locations. They are in an ideal position to give advice to patients at the onset of low back pain a...

    Authors: Jonathan Silcock, Jennifer Klaber Moffett, Hilary Edmondson, Gordon Waddell and A Kim Burton

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:10

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Older workers have a higher rate and cost of injury than younger workers and with a rapidly ageing work force there is a need to identify strategies to address this problem. Older workers are less physically a...

    Authors: Martin Mackey, Chris G Maher, Terry Wong and Kathleen Collins

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:9

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Altered spinal mobility is thought to be related to current or past episodes of low back pain; however evidence of that relationship in younger subjects has not been established. The purpose of this study was ...

    Authors: Kornelia Kulig, Christopher M Powers, Robert F Landel, Hungwen Chen, Michael Fredericson, Marc Guillet and Kim Butts

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:8

    Content type: Research article

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  41. A substantial proportion of patients with whiplash injuries develop chronic symptoms. However, the best treatment of acute injuries to prevent long-term problems is uncertain. A stepped care treatment pathway ...

    Authors: Sarah E Lamb, Simon Gates, Martin R Underwood, Matthew W Cooke, Deborah Ashby, Ala Szczepura, Mark A Williams, Esther M Williamson, Emma J Withers, Shahrul Mt Isa and Anil Gumber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:7

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. The assessment of outcomes from the patient's perspective becomes more recognized in health care. Also in patients with chronic ankle instability, the degree of present impairments, disabilities and participat...

    Authors: Christophe Eechaute, Peter Vaes, Lieve Van Aerschot, Sara Asman and William Duquet

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:6

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Moderate to severe osteoarthrosis is the most common indication for Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA). Minimally Invasive Total Hip Surgery (MIS) and computer-navigated surgery were introduced several years ago. Ho...

    Authors: Inge HF Reininga, Robert Wagenmakers, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, A Dennis Stant, Johan W Groothoff, Sjoerd K Bulstra, Wiebren Zijlstra and Martin Stevens

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:4

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. It is still unclear whether addition of calcium/vitamin D supplements leads to an incremental benefit in patients taking bisphosphonates and whether achievement of serum level of 25 (OH) vitamin D of at least ...

    Authors: Andrew Deane, Leonor Constancio, Ignac Fogelman and Geeta Hampson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:3

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The overall rate of operations after recurrent lumbar disc herniation has been shown to be 3–11%. However, little is known about the rate of residives. Thus the aim of this study was to explore the cumulative ...

    Authors: Arja Häkkinen, Ilkka Kiviranta, Marko H Neva, Hannu Kautiainen and Jari Ylinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2007 8:2

    Content type: Research article

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