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  1. The Clubfoot Assessment Protocol (CAP) is a multi dimensional instrument designed for longitudinal follow up of the clubfoot deformity during growth. Item reliability has shown to be sufficient. In this articl...

    Authors: Hanneke Andriesse, Ewa M Roos, Gunnar Hägglund and Gun-Britt Jarnlo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:28

    Content type: Research article

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  2. With more than half of the population experiencing low back pain (LBP) before the age of 20, research must focus on young populations. Lifestyle-factors might be important elements of prevention, since they ar...

    Authors: Lise Hestbaek, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde and Kirsten Ohm Kyvik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:27

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Disease-specific Quality Of Life (QOL) measures are devised to assess the impact of a specific disease across a spectrum of important domains of life. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-section...

    Authors: Helen Razmjou, Andrea Bean, Varda van Osnabrugge, Joy C MacDermid and Richard Holtby

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:26

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Rotator cuff tears are the most common source of shoulder pain and disability. Only poor quality studies have compared mini-open to arthroscopic repair, leaving surgeons with inadequate evidence to support opt...

    Authors: Joy C MacDermid, Richard Holtby, Helen Razmjou and Dianne Bryant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:25

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the criterion standard to identify low bone mineral density (BMD), but access to axial DXA may be limited or cost prohibitive. We screened for low bone mass with quant...

    Authors: Nan-Ping Yang, Ian Jen, Shao-Yuan Chuang, Shui-Hu Chen and Pesus Chou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:24

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Mouse and human skeletal muscle transcriptome profiles vary by muscle type, raising the question of which mouse muscle groups have the greatest molecular similarities to human skeletal muscle.

    Authors: Alvin T Kho, Peter B Kang, Isaac S Kohane and Louis M Kunkel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:23

    Content type: Research article

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  7. A common knee injury mechanism sustained during basketball is landing badly from a jump. Landing is a complex task and requires good coordination, dynamic muscle control and flexibility. For adolescents whose ...

    Authors: Quinette Louw, Karen Grimmer and Christopher Vaughan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:22

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cyclic hydrostatic pressure within bone has been proposed both as a stimulus of aseptic implant loosening and associated bone resorption and of bone formation. We showed previously that cyclical hydrostatic pr...

    Authors: CE Evans, S Mylchreest and JG Andrew

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:21

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The most frequent complications of joint arthroplasty are septic or aseptic loosening of endoprostheses. Preoperative differentiation is essential, since very different treatment methods result from the diagno...

    Authors: K-St Delank, M Schmidt, JW-P Michael, M Dietlein, H Schicha and P Eysel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:20

    Content type: Research article

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  10. For the moment, scientific evaluation of programs on treatment of pregnancy-related pelvic girdle and/or low back pain after delivery is hardly available with only one study with a positive result, suggesting ...

    Authors: Caroline HG Bastiaenen, Rob A de Bie, Pieter MJC Wolters, Johan WS Vlaeyen, Pieter Leffers, Foekje Stelma, Janneke M Bastiaanssen, Gerard GM Essed and Piet A van den Brandt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:19

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Polymethyl-methacrylate (PMMA) beads releasing antibiotics are used extensively to treat osteomyelitis, but require surgical removal afterwards because they do not degrade.

    Authors: Hein P Stallmann, Chris Faber, Antonius LJJ Bronckers, Arie V Nieuw Amerongen and Paul IJM Wuisman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:18

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The course of pain at a specific region such as the lower back has previously been shown as well as for generalized pain. However we have not found any report on the course of pain from various different speci...

    Authors: Christina Gummesson, Sven-Olof Isacsson, Agneta H Isacsson, H Ingemar Andersson, John Ektor-Andersen, Per-Olof Östergren and Bertil Hanson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:17

    Content type: Research article

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  13. While it is widely held that non-surgical management should be the first line of approach in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), little is known about the efficacy of non-surgical treatments for this c...

    Authors: Donald R Murphy, Eric L Hurwitz, Amy A Gregory and Ronald Clary

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:16

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Adequate and intensive rehabilitation is an important requirement for successful Total Knee Arthroplasty. The primary focus of early rehabilitation is ambulation of patients and regaining range of motion in th...

    Authors: Anton F Lenssen, Yvonne HF Crijns, Eddie MH Waltjé, George M Roox, Mike JA van Steyn, Ruud JT Geesink, Piet A van den Brandt and Rob A de Bie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:15

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease, which affects 1% of the population. Hands and feet are most commonly involved followed by the cervical spine. The spinal column consists of vertebrae sta...

    Authors: Jasper FC Wolfs, Wilco C Peul, Maarten Boers, Maurits W van Tulder, Ronald Brand, Hans JC van Houwelingen and Raph TWM Thomeer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. The Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) is a self-report measure developed to evaluate patients with shoulder pathology. While some validation has been conducted, broader analyses are indicated. This st...

    Authors: Joy C MacDermid, Patty Solomon and Kenneth Prkachin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:12

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Recently a clinical prediction rule (CPR) has been developed and validated that accurately identifies patients with low back pain (LBP) that are likely to benefit from a lumbo-pelvic thrust manipulation. The s...

    Authors: Joshua A Cleland, Julie M Fritz, John D Childs and Kornelia Kulig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:11

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Both diabetes and obesity syndromes are recognized to promote lumbar vertebral instability, premature osteodegeneration, exacerbate progressive osteoporosis and increase the propensity towards vertebral degene...

    Authors: Katherine M Burkemper and David R Garris

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:10

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The one leg hop for distance is one of the most commonly employed functional tests utilized in the evaluation of the ACL deficient and reconstructed patient. While the reliability of the hop test scores has be...

    Authors: Siobhan O'Donnell, Scott G Thomas and Paul Marks

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:9

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The correlations between the sagittal jaw position and the cranio – cervical inclination are described in literature. Only few studies focus on the sagittal jaw position and the body posture using valid and ob...

    Authors: Carsten Lippold, Gholamreza Danesh, Markus Schilgen, Burkhard Drerup and Lars Hackenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:8

    Content type: Research article

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  21. A systematic appraisal of the worldwide incidence and prevalence rates of UEDs available in scientific literature was executed to gauge the range of these estimates in various countries and to determine whethe...

    Authors: Bionka MA Huisstede, Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra, Bart W Koes and Jan AN Verhaar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:7

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Chronic diseases like osteoarthritis (OA) substantially affect different dimensions of quality of life (QoL). The aim of the study was to reveal possible factors which mainly influence general practitioners (G...

    Authors: Thomas Rosemann, Stefanie Joos, Thorsten Koerner, Joachim Szecsenyi and Gunter Laux

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:6

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The treatment of non-specific chronic low back pain is often based on three different models regarding the development and maintenance of pain and especially functional limitations: the deconditioning model, t...

    Authors: Rob JEM Smeets, Johan WS Vlaeyen, Alita Hidding, Arnold DM Kester, Geert JMG van der Heijden, Antonia CM van Geel and J André Knottnerus

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:5

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The child's lower limb is the most commonly reported musculoskeletal location with pain and also the most commonly injured site in sports. Some potential risk factors have been studied, but the results are inc...

    Authors: Ashraf El-Metwally, Jouko J Salminen, Anssi Auvinen, Hannu Kautiainen and Marja Mikkelsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:3

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The echogenicity patterns of ultrasound scans contain information of tissue composition in muscles. The aim was: (1) to develop a quantitative ultrasound image analysis to characterize tissue composition in te...

    Authors: Pernille Kofoed Nielsen, Bente R Jensen, Tron Darvann, Kurt Jørgensen and Merete Bakke

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:2

    Content type: Technical advance

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  26. Minimally-invasive measurement of continuous inter-vertebral motion in clinical settings is difficult to achieve. This paper describes the reliability, validity and radiation exposure levels in a new Objective...

    Authors: Alan C Breen, Jennifer M Muggleton and Fiona E Mellor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2006 7:1

    Content type: Technical advance

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  27. There is a need for evidence of clinical effectiveness of foot orthosis therapy. This study evaluated the effect of foot orthoses made by ten podiatrists, ten pedorthists and eleven orthotists on plantar press...

    Authors: Nick A Guldemond, Pieter Leffers, Nicolaas C Schaper, Antal P Sanders, Fred HM Nieman and Geert HIM Walenkamp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:61

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Differences in overall performance of osteochondral photooxidized grafts were studied in accordance of their species origin and a new, more rigorous cleansing procedure using alcohol during preparation.

    Authors: Anja C Waselau, Daniel Nadler, Jessika MV Müller, Katalin Zlinszky, Monika Hilbe, Jörg A Auer and Brigitte von Rechenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:60

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Reproducibility measurements of the range of motion are an important prerequisite for the interpretation of study results. The aim of the study is to assess the intra-rater and inter-rater reproducibility of t...

    Authors: Jan Lucas Hoving, Jan JM Pool, Henk van Mameren, Walter JLM Devillé, Willem JJ Assendelft, Henrica CW de Vet, Andrea F de Winter, Bart W Koes and Lex M Bouter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:59

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and tolerability of etoricoxib, a COX-2 selective inhibitor, in osteoarthritis (OA) patients.

    Authors: Sean P Curtis, Barry Bockow, Chester Fisher, Joseph Olaleye, Amy Compton, Amy T Ko and Alise S Reicin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:58

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Acute low back pain is a common condition resulting in pain and disability. Current national and international guidelines advocate general practitioner care including advice and paracetamol (4 g daily in other...

    Authors: Mark J Hancock, Christopher G Maher, Jane Latimer, Andrew J McLachlan, Chris W Cooper, Richard O Day, Megan F Spindler and James H McAuley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:57

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Musculoskeletal physiotherapists routinely assess lumbar segmental motion during the clinical examination of a patient with low back pain. The validity of manual assessment of segmental motion has not, however...

    Authors: J Haxby Abbott, Brendan McCane, Peter Herbison, Graeme Moginie, Cathy Chapple and Tracy Hogarty

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:56

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Many older people have chronic knee pain. Both topical and oral non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to treat this. Oral NSAIDS are effective, at least in the short term, but can h...

    Authors: Pamela L Cross, Deborah Ashby, Geoff Harding, Enid M Hennessy, Louise Letley, Suzanne Parsons, Anne E Spencer and Martin Underwood

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:55

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. While one in ten Australians suffer from chronic low back pain this condition remains extremely difficult to treat. Many contemporary treatments are of unknown value. One potentially useful therapy is the use ...

    Authors: Chris G Maher, Jane Latimer, Paul W Hodges, Kathryn M Refshauge, G Lorimer Moseley, Robert D Herbert, Leonardo OP Costa and James McAuley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:54

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Longstanding musculoskeletal pain is common in the general population and associated with frequent use of health care. Plain radiography is a common diagnostic approach in these patients despite knowledge that...

    Authors: Hans Lindgren and Stefan Bergman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:53

    Content type: Research article

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  36. There is a large increase in back pain reporting in the early teens. In no previous study has the prevalence of low back pain been investigated in relation to the onset of puberty. The objective of this study ...

    Authors: Niels Wedderkopp, Lars Bo Andersen, Karsten Froberg and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:52

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Open methods for removal of femoral interlocking nails involve an incision (up to 10 cm) over the trochanter to find the tip of the nail. The distal locking screws are some times difficult to palpate and an in...

    Authors: Kai-Jow Tsai, Po-Wen Shen and William C Hutton

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:51

    Content type: Technical advance

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  38. Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem. Effective treatment of acute LBP is important because it prevents patients from developing chronic LBP, the stage of LBP that requires costly and more complex tre...

    Authors: Luciana AC Machado, Chris G Maher, Rob D Herbert, Helen Clare and James McAuley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:50

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. It has been demonstrated that endothelins (ET) have significant roles in bone remodeling, metabolism and physiopathology of several bone diseases. We aimed to investigate if there was any difference between th...

    Authors: Hasan Hilmi Muratli, Levent Çelebi, Onur Hapa and Ali Biçimoğlu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:49

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Fracture represents the single most important clinical event in patients with osteoporosis, yet remains under-predicted. As few premonitory symptoms for fracture exist, it is of critical importance that physic...

    Authors: Robert Bensen, Jonathan D Adachi, Alexandra Papaioannou, George Ioannidis, Wojciech P Olszynski, Rolf J Sebaldt, Timothy M Murray, Robert G Josse, Jacques P Brown, David A Hanley, Annie Petrie, Mark Puglia, Charlie H Goldsmith and W Bensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:47

    Content type: Research article

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  41. It has been postulated that muscle contraction is slower in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee than asymptomatic individuals, a factor that could theoretically impair joint protection mechanisms. This st...

    Authors: John Dixon and Tracey E Howe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:46

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Knee complaints are a frequent reason for consultation in general practice. These patients constitute a specific population compared to secondary care patients. However, information to base treatment decisions...

    Authors: Edith M Heintjes, Marjolein Y Berger, Bart W Koes and Sita M Bierma-Zeinstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:45

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Topical NSAIDs have been proven to relieve the symptoms of osteoarthritis (OA) in short-term studies (2 weeks). To justify its chronic use, efficacy of a topical NSAID over a longer term of study should be dem...

    Authors: Philip A Baer, Lisa M Thomas and Zev Shainhouse

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:44

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) is a distinctive modality commonly used by osteopathic physicians to complement their conventional treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. Previous reviews and meta-ana...

    Authors: John C Licciardone, Angela K Brimhall and Linda N King

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:43

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Severely disabling chronic pain in the adult population is strongly associated with a range of negative health consequences for individuals and high health care costs, yet its prevalence in young adults is les...

    Authors: Christian Mallen, George Peat, Elaine Thomas and Peter Croft

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:42

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Low back pain (LBP) is a common and costly problem. Initiatives designed to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate healthcare for LBP include printed evidence-based clinical guidelines. Th...

    Authors: David W Evans, Nadine E Foster, Martin Underwood, Steven Vogel, Alan C Breen and Tamar Pincus

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:41

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. In most clubfoot studies, the outcome instruments used are designed to evaluate classification or long-term cross-sectional results. Variables deal mainly with factors on body function/structure level. Wide sc...

    Authors: Hanneke Andriesse, Gunnar Hägglund and Gun-Britt Jarnlo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2005 6:40

    Content type: Technical advance

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