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  1. Low back pain (LBP) is a frequent health complaint among health care personnel. Several work tasks and working postures are associated with an increased risk of LBP. The aim of this study was to compare two se...

    Authors: Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Nils Fallentin, Karl B Christensen, Jette N Jensen and Finn Diderichsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:61

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Adequate and intensive rehabilitation is an important requirement for successful total knee arthroplasty.

    Authors: Ton AF Lenssen, Mike JA van Steyn, Yvonne HF Crijns, Eddie MH Waltjé, George M Roox, Ruud JT Geesink, Piet A van den Brandt and Rob A De Bie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:60

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In Denmark, approximately 12,000 hip and knee arthroplasties were performed in 2006, and the hospital costs were close to US$ 110,000,000. In a randomized clinical trial, we have recently demonstrated the effi...

    Authors: Kristian Larsen, Karen Elisabeth Hvass, Torben B Hansen, Per B Thomsen and Kjeld Søballe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:59

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Back pain is a major health problem and many sufferers develop persistent symptoms. Detecting relevant subgroups of patients with non-specific low back pain has been highlighted as a priority area for research...

    Authors: Elaine M Hay, Kate M Dunn, Jonathan C Hill, Martyn Lewis, Elizabeth E Mason, Kika Konstantinou, Gail Sowden, Simon Somerville, Kanchan Vohora, David Whitehurst and Chris J Main

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:58

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Major shoulder surgery often results in severe post-operative pain and a variety of interventions have been developed in an attempt to address this. The continuous slow infusion of a local anaesthetic directly...

    Authors: Jennifer A Coghlan, Andrew Forbes, Simon N Bell and Rachelle Buchbinder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:56

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Cutpoints (CPs) for mild, moderate and severe pain are established and used primarily in cancer pain. In this study, we wanted to determine the optimal CPs for mild, moderate, and severe pain in joint replacem...

    Authors: Heidi Kapstad, Berit R Hanestad, Norvald Langeland, Tone Rustøen and Knut Stavem

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:55

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Low-back pain is responsible for significant disability and costs in industrialized countries. Only a minority of subjects suffering from low-back pain will develop persistent disability. However, this minorit...

    Authors: Stéphane Poitras, Michel Rossignol, Clermont Dionne, Michel Tousignant, Manon Truchon, Bertrand Arsenault, Pierre Allard, Manon Coté and Alain Neveu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:54

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Hydrodilatation of the glenohumeral joint is by several authors reported to improve shoulder pain and range of motion for patients with adhesive capsulitis. Procedures described often involve the injection of ...

    Authors: Einar Kristian Tveitå, Rana Tariq, Sølve Sesseng, Niels Gunnar Juel and Erik Bautz-Holter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:53

    Content type: Research article

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  9. To analyse available evidence on the efficacy and safety of anti-TNFα drugs (infliximab, etanercept and adalimumab) for treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

    Authors: Alberto Alonso-Ruiz, Jose Ignacio Pijoan, Eukene Ansuategui, Arantxa Urkaregi, Marcelo Calabozo and Antonio Quintana

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:52

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Modic changes are bone marrow lesions visible in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and they are assumed to be associated with symptomatic intervertebral disc disease, especially changes located at L5-S1. Only ...

    Authors: Mari Kuisma, Jaro Karppinen, Marianne Haapea, Jaakko Niinimäki, Risto Ojala, Markku Heliövaara, Raija Korpelainen, Kaisu Kaikkonen, Simo Taimela, Antero Natri and Osmo Tervonen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:51

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Despite emphasis on patient centred healthcare, healthcare professionals have been slow to use validated measurements of patient satisfaction in physiotherapy practice. The aim of this cross sectional survey w...

    Authors: Sarah N Casserley-Feeney, Martin Phelan, Fionnuala Duffy, Susan Roush, Melinda C Cairns and Deirdre A Hurley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:50

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Measurements of range of motion play a key role in shoulder research. The purpose of this study is to investigate intra-observer reproducibility of measurements of active and passive range of motion in patient...

    Authors: Einar Kristian Tveitå, Ole Marius Ekeberg, Niels Gunnar Juel and Erik Bautz-Holter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:49

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Spontaneous reporting systems for adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are handicapped by under-reporting and limited detail on individual cases. We report an investigation from a local surveillance for serious adver...

    Authors: Paresh Jobanputra, Roshan Amarasena, Fiona Maggs, Dawn Homer, Simon Bowman, Elizabeth Rankin, Andrew Filer, Karim Raza and Ronald Jubb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:48

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Occupational computer use has been associated with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders (UEMSDs), but the etiology and pathophysiology of some of these disorders are poorly understood. Various theories at...

    Authors: Ronald A Burgess, R Terry Thompson and Gary B Rollman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:47

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Intra-articular shift (migration) of bone marrow edema syndrome (BMES) is a very rare disease. Only a few cases have been reported thus far. The condition may cause the clinician to suspect an aggressive disease.

    Authors: Nicolas Aigner, Roland Meizer, Gerd Petje, Elisabeth Meizer, Ashraf Abdelkafy and Franz Landsiedl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:45

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Measurement of spasticity is a difficult and unresolved problem, partly due to its complexity and the fact that there are many factors involved. In the assessment of spasticity in the pediatric disabled popula...

    Authors: Akmer Mutlu, Ayse Livanelioglu and Mintaze Kerem Gunel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:44

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The minimal detectable change (MDC) and the minimal clinically important changes (MCIC) have been explored for nonspecific low back pain patients and are similar across different cultural settings. No data on ...

    Authors: Francisco M Kovacs, Víctor Abraira, Ana Royuela, Josep Corcoll, Luis Alegre, Miquel Tomás, María Antonia Mir, Alejandra Cano, Alfonso Muriel, Javier Zamora, María Teresa Gil del Real, Mario Gestoso and Nicole Mufraggi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:43

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The NDI, COM and NPQ are evaluation instruments for disability due to NP. There was no Spanish version of NDI or COM for which psychometric characteristics were known. The objectives of this study were to tran...

    Authors: Francisco M Kovacs, Joan Bagó, Ana Royuela, Jesús Seco, Sergio Giménez, Alfonso Muriel, Víctor Abraira, José Luis Martín, José Luis Peña, Mario Gestoso, Nicole Mufraggi, Montserrat Núñez, Josep Corcoll, Ignacio Gómez-Ochoa, Ma José Ramírez, Eva Calvo…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:42

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Reduction of blood flow is important in the induction of neurogenic intermittent claudication (NIC) in lumbar spinal canal stenosis. PGE1 improves the mean walking distance in patients with NIC type cauda equina ...

    Authors: Masayoshi Shirasaka, Bunji Takayama, Miho Sekiguchi, Shin-ichi Konno and Shin-ichi Kikuchi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:41

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Acute chest pain is a major health problem all over the western world. Active approaches are directed towards diagnosis and treatment of potentially life threatening conditions, especially acute coronary syndr...

    Authors: Mette J Stochkendahl, Henrik W Christensen, Werner Vach, Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen, Torben Haghfelt and Jan Hartvigsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:40

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Ballet Dancers have been shown to have a relatively high incidence of stress fractures of the foot and ankle. It was our objective to examine MR imaging patterns of bone marrow edema (BME) in the ankles of hig...

    Authors: Ilan Elias, Adam C Zoga, Steven M Raikin, Judith R Peterson, Marcus P Besser, William B Morrison and Mark E Schweitzer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:39

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Maxillary expansion (ME) is a common practice in orthodontics that aims to increase the constricted maxillary arch width. Relapse often occurs, however, and better treatment strategies are needed. In order to ...

    Authors: Junqing Ma, Yunxia Wu, Weibing Zhang, Roger J Smales, You Huang, Yongchu Pan and Lin Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:37

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Since knee complaints are common among athletes and are frequently presented in general practice, it is of interest to investigate the type of knee complaints represented in general practice of athletes in com...

    Authors: Marienke van Middelkoop, Robbart van Linschoten, Marjolein Y Berger, Bart W Koes and Sita MA Bierma-Zeinstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:36

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Double bundle ACL reconstruction has been demonstrated to decrease rotational knee laxity. However, there is no simple, commercially-available device to measure knee rotation. The investigators developed a sim...

    Authors: Andrew G Tsai, Volker Musahl, Hanno Steckel, Kevin M Bell, Thore Zantop, James J Irrgang and Freddie H Fu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:35

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In epidemiological studies on neck-shoulder disorders, physical examination by health professionals, although more expensive, is usually considered a better method of data collection than self-administered que...

    Authors: Nathalie Perreault, Chantal Brisson, Clermont E Dionne, Sylvie Montreuil and Laura Punnett

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:34

    Content type: Research article

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  26. A high incidence of decreased bone mineral density (BMD) has been associated with HIV infection. Normal skeletal homeostasis is controlled, at least in part, by the maturation and activity of mature osteoblast...

    Authors: Eoin J Cotter, Herbert Shi Ming Ip, William G Powderly and Peter P Doran

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:33

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The efficacy, safety and tolerability of lumiracoxib, a novel selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, has been demonstrated in previous studies of patients with osteoarthritis (OA). As it is important to...

    Authors: Roy Fleischmann, Hyman Tannenbaum, Neha P Patel, Marianne Notter, Peter Sallstig and Jean-Yves Reginster

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:32

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Evidence supports the use of exercise for chronic low back pain (CLBP); however, adherence is often poor due to ongoing pain. Auricular acupuncture is a form of pain relief involving the stimulation of points ...

    Authors: SM McDonough, SD Liddle, R Hunter, DM Walsh, P Glasgow, G Gormley, D Hurley, A Delitto, J Park, I Bradbury and GD Baxter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:31

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Hamstring injury is one of the most common injuries affecting gaelic footballers, similar to other field sports. Research in other sports on whether residual hamstring weakness is present after hamstring injur...

    Authors: Kieran O'Sullivan, Brian O'Ceallaigh, Kevin O'Connell and Amir Shafat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Herein, we evaluated, retrospectively, the effect of posterior capsular repair upon postoperative hip dislocation subsequent to total hip arthroplasty (THA) incorporating a posterolateral approach.

    Authors: Shang-Ju Tsai, Chen-Ti Wang and Ching-Chuan Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:29

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Osteoporosis is an important public health problem in older adults. It is more common in postmenopausal women and not only gives rise to morbidity but also markedly diminishes the quality of life in this popul...

    Authors: Afsaneh Keramat, Bhushan Patwardhan, Bagher Larijani, Arvind Chopra, Ambrish Mithal, Devlina Chakravarty, Hossein Adibi and Ahmad Khosravi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a highly prevalent musculoskeletal overuse condition that has a significant impact on participation in daily and physical activities. A recent systematic review highlighted the ...

    Authors: Bill Vicenzino, Natalie Collins, Kay Crossley, Elaine Beller, Ross Darnell and Thomas McPoil

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:27

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the frequent and functionally impairing disorders of the musculoskeletal system. In the literature, a number of occupational risk factors are discussed as being related to th...

    Authors: André Klußmann, Hansjuergen Gebhardt, Falk Liebers, Lars Victor von Engelhardt, Andreas Dávid, Bertil Bouillon and Monika A Rieger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:26

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. This paper reports an in-vitro study for evaluating the influence of the femoral tunnel orientation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) double-bundle reconstructions.

    Authors: Stefano Zaffagnini, Danilo Bruni, Sandra Martelli, Naoaki Imakiire, Maurilio Marcacci and Alessandro Russo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:25

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Many new treatments for degeneration of the intervertebral disc are being developed which can be delivered through a needle. These require testing in model systems before being used in human patients. Unfortun...

    Authors: Sally Roberts, Janis Menage, Sarit Sivan and Jill PG Urban

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The importance of staying active instead of bed rest has been acknowledged in the management of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This emphasizes the potential benefits of adjusting work to fit the employee's ...

    Authors: Kari-Pekka Martimo, Leena Kaila-Kangas, Johanna Kausto, Esa-Pekka Takala, Ritva Ketola, Hilkka Riihimäki, Ritva Luukkonen, Jaro Karppinen, Helena Miranda and Eira Viikari-Juntura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:23

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Little is known about the role of prior occupational low back injury in future episodes of low back pain and disability in the general population. We conducted a study to determine if a lifetime history of wor...

    Authors: Cesar A Hincapié, J David Cassidy and Pierre Côté

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:22

    Content type: Research article

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  38. A precise modular topographic-morphological (MTM) classification for proximal humeral fractures may address current classification problems. The classification was developed to evaluate whether a very detailed...

    Authors: Christian Bahrs, Hagen Schmal, Erich Lingenfelter, Bernd Rolauffs, Kuno Weise, Klaus Dietz and Peter Helwig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:21

    Content type: Research article

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  39. This study evaluates changes in peri-articular bone in two canine models for osteoarthritis: the groove model and the anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) model.

    Authors: Yvonne H Sniekers, Femke Intema, Floris PJG Lafeber, Gerjo JVM van Osch, Johannes PTM van Leeuwen, Harrie Weinans and Simon C Mastbergen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:20

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The mechanisms thorough which spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) exerts clinical effects are not established. A prior study has suggested a dorsal horn modulated effect; however, the role of subject expectation...

    Authors: Joel E Bialosky, Mark D Bishop, Michael E Robinson, Josh A Barabas and Steven Z George

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:19

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is one of the main causes of musculoskeletal disability in the western world. Current available management options provide symptomatic relief (exercise and self-management, medi...

    Authors: Robyn E Fary, Graeme J Carroll, Tom G Briffa, Ritu Gupta and N Kathryn Briffa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:18

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Stress shielding of the proximal femur has been observed in a number of conventional cementless implants used in total hip arthroplasty. Short femoral-neck implants are claiming less interference with the biom...

    Authors: Ralf Decking, Christoph Rokahr, Matthias Zurstegge, Ulrich Simon and Jens Decking

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:17

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of extra corporeal shock waves (ESW) therapy on the metabolism of healthy and osteoarthritic human chondrocytes, and particularly on the expression of I...

    Authors: Biagio Moretti, Florenzo Iannone, Angela Notarnicola, Giovanni Lapadula, Lorenzo Moretti, Vittorio Patella and Raffaele Garofalo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:16

    Content type: Research article

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  44. External medication that is absorbed percutaneously may be used to reduce inflammation and relieve pain from acute injuries such as ankle sprains and bruises. The plaster method of percutaneous absorption for ...

    Authors: Miho Sekiguchi, Masayoshi Shirasaka, Shin-ichi Konno and Shin-ichi Kikuchi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:15

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Evidence-based medicine posits that health care research is founded upon clinically important differences in patient centered outcomes. Statistically significant differences between two treatments may not nece...

    Authors: Jinsil Sung, Judith Siegel, Paul Tornetta and Mohit Bhandari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:14

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have a higher risk of low bone mineral density than normal age matched populations. There is limited evidence to support cost effectiveness of population screening in rheumat...

    Authors: Caroline Brand, Adrian Lowe and Stephen Hall

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:13

    Content type: Research article

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  47. A nonsurgical intervention, interventional microadhesiolysis, was developed to release adhesions in joints and soft tissues. This paper introduces the procedure and evaluates the efficacy of the intervention f...

    Authors: Kang Ahn, Young-Jin Lee, Eun-Ha Kim, Seung-Min Yang, Tae-Kyun Lim, Yong-Soo Kim and Hyung-Joon Jhun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:12

    Content type: Technical advance

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