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  1. Bisphosphonates are indicated in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. However, bone mineral density (BMD) continues to decline in up to 15% of bisphosphonate users. While randomized trials have evalua...

    Authors: George A Heckman, Alexandra Papaioannou, Rolf J Sebaldt, George Ioannidis, Annie Petrie, Charlie Goldsmith and Jonathan D Adachi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2002 3:6

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Dislocated fracture of the proximal physeal plate of the tibia with or without metaphyseal fragment is rare in children. This unusual fracture classically excludes rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament due...

    Authors: Stefan Scholz, Julian Köpke and Lucas M Wessel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2002 3:5

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Recent evidence suggests that estrogens exert effects in different tissues throughout the body, and that the estrogen receptor β (ERβ) may be important for the action of estrogen (17-β-estradiol) on the skelet...

    Authors: Helen E Gruber, Dean Yamaguchi, Jane Ingram, Kelly Leslie, Weibiao Huang, Timothy A Miller and Edward N Hanley Jr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2002 3:4

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Fibromyalgia syndrome displays sympathetically maintained pain features such as frequent post-traumatic onset and stimuli-independent pain accompanied by allodynia and paresthesias. Heart rate variability stud...

    Authors: Manuel Martinez-Lavin, Marcela Vidal, Rosa-Elda Barbosa, Carlos Pineda, Jose-Miguel Casanova and Arnulfo Nava

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2002 3:2

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Open dislocations are infrequent, often associated with damage to the neuro vascular structures. We present an unusual case of an open antero-lateral dislocation of the elbow, which was not associated with any...

    Authors: Juan A Alonso, Bibas R Roy and David L Shaw

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2002 3:1

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Bone remodelling is dependent on the balance between bone resorbing osteoclasts and bone forming osteoblasts. We have shown previously that osteoclasts contain gap-junctional protein connexin-43 and that a com...

    Authors: Joanna Ilvesaro, Pasi Tavi and Juha Tuukkanen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2001 2:10

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Articular cartilage has limited capacity to repair. Defects greater than 3 mm heal with formation of inferior fibrous cartilage. Therefore, many attempts have been made to find the ideal graft for larger carti...

    Authors: Margarete K Akens, Brigitte von Rechenberg, Pedro Bittmann, Daniel Nadler, Kati Zlinszky and Jörg A Auer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2001 2:9

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Acquired toxoplasmosis more frequently goes unrecognized. Immunocompetent adults and adolescents with primary infection are generally asymptomatic, but symptoms may include malaise, fever, and lymphadenopathy....

    Authors: Penelope K Paspalaki, Eleni P Mihailidou, Maria Bitsori, Daria Tsagkaraki and Eva Mantzouranis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2001 2:8

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is often seen as the treatment of choice for preventing fractures in women. We undertook a recent meta-analysis of randomised trials which suggested that HRT reduced non-verte...

    Authors: David J Torgerson and Sally EM Bell-Syer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2001 2:7

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Interlocking nailing, which has become the method of choice for treating fractures of the femoral and tibial shafts, still lacks ability to provide the important contact-compression at the fracture. An intrame...

    Authors: Ajay Gupta

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2001 2:6

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Needle EMG may be negative in mild or predominantly sensory lumbosacral radiculopathies. In such cases, an increase in the latency of the soleus H-reflex is a useful diagnostic criterion for establishing senso...

    Authors: Riccardo Mazzocchio, Giovanni Battista Scarfò, Aldo Mariottini, Vitaliano Francesco Muzii and Lucio Palma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2001 2:4

    Content type: Research article

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  12. CMV infections have been linked to vasculopathies like atherosclerosis and Scleroderma. CMV infects vascular endothelium with intermittent shedding of the virus and the development of latency.

    Authors: Damir Hamamdzic, Russell A Harley, Debra Hazen-Martin and E Carwile LeRoy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2001 2:3

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Although all patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty are subjected to similar risk factors that predispose to thromboembolism, only a subset of patients develop this complication. The objective of this st...

    Authors: Craig J Della Valle, Paul S Issack, Avi Baitner, David J Steiger, Carrie Fang and Paul E Di Cesare

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2001 2:1

    Content type: Research article

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