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  1. The usual surgical treatment of refractory sciatica caused by lumbar disc herniation, is open discectomy. Minimally invasive procedures, including percutaneous therapies under local anesthesia, are increasingl...

    Authors: Patrick A Brouwer, Wilco C Peul, Ronald Brand, Mark P Arts, Bart W Koes, Annette A van den Berg and Mark A van Buchem

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:49

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. The to date evidence for a dose-response relationship between physical workload and the development of lumbar disc diseases is limited. We therefore investigated the possible etiologic relevance of cumulative ...

    Authors: Andreas Seidler, Annekatrin Bergmann, Matthias Jäger, Rolf Ellegast, Dirk Ditchen, Gine Elsner, Joachim Grifka, Johannes Haerting, Friedrich Hofmann, Oliver Linhardt, Alwin Luttmann, Martina Michaelis, Gabriela Petereit-Haack, Barbara Schumann and Ulrich Bolm-Audorff

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:48

    Content type: Research article

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  3. despite evidence of an obesity-related disability, there is a lack of objective muscle functional data in overweight subjects. Only few studies provide instrumental strength measurements in non-syndromal obesi...

    Authors: Paolo Capodaglio, Luca Vismara, Francesco Menegoni, Gabriele Baccalaro, Manuela Galli and Graziano Grugni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:47

    Content type: Research article

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  4. A critical component of disease progression in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) involves neovascularization associated with pannus formation. 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2) is a naturally occurring molecule with no known ...

    Authors: Stacy M Plum, Eun J Park, Steve J Strawn, Elizabeth G Moore, Carolyn F Sidor and William E Fogler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:46

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Bombina variegate peptide 8 (Bv8) is a small protein secreted by frog skin. Recently it has been shown to contribute to tumor angiogenesis in mouse model. The purpose of this study was to investigate Bv8 in mice...

    Authors: Daitaro Kurosaka, Kentaro Noda, Ken Yoshida, Kazuhiro Furuya, Taro Ukichi, Eigo Takahashi, Maimi Yanagimachi, Isamu Kingetsu, Saburo Saito and Akio Yamada

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:45

    Content type: Research article

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  6. This study was designed to derive the theoretical formulae to predict the pullout strength of pedicle screws with an inconstant outer and/or inner diameter distribution (conical screws). For the transpedicular...

    Authors: Wen-Chi Tsai, Po-Quang Chen, Tung-Wu Lu, Shing-Sheng Wu, Kao-Shang Shih and Shang-Chih Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:44

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Antibodies to the heparin-platelet factor-4 (HPF-4) complex (HIT antibodies) have been observed in patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). These antibodies are thought to be involved in thrombosi...

    Authors: Takafumi Torigoshi, Satoru Motokawa, Yumi Maeda, Kazushige Maeda, Takeshi Hiura, Gou Takayama, Kenji Taguchi, Hiroyuki Shindo and Kiyoshi Migita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:42

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Most composite indices of disease activity and response criteria in RA have been validated and compared in clinical trials rather than routine care. We therefore wanted to compare the performance of the DAS28,...

    Authors: Anders Gülfe, Daniel Aletaha, Tore Saxne and Pierre Geborek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:41

    Content type: Research article

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  9. It is unclear to what extent spinal pain varies between genders and in relation to age. It was the purpose of this study to describe the self-reported prevalence of 1) pain ever and pain in the past year in ea...

    Authors: Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Jan Nielsen, Kirsten O Kyvik, René Fejer and Jan Hartvigsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:39

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Our understanding of the effects of football code participation on low back pain (LBP) is limited. It is unclear whether LBP is more prevalent in athletic populations or differs between levels of competition. ...

    Authors: Wayne Hoskins, Henry Pollard, Chris Daff, Andrew Odell, Peter Garbutt, Andrew McHardy, Kate Hardy and George Dragasevic

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:38

    Content type: Research article

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2011 12:158

  11. Warm-up and stretching are suggested to increase hamstring flexibility and reduce the risk of injury. This study examined the short-term effects of warm-up, static stretching and dynamic stretching on hamstrin...

    Authors: Kieran O'Sullivan, Elaine Murray and David Sainsbury

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:37

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Several studies have been carried out in order to investigate surface electromyography (SEMG) response on fibromyalgic (FM) patients. Some studies failed to demonstrate differences between FM patients and heal...

    Authors: Laura Bazzichi, Marco Dini, Alessandra Rossi, Silvia Corbianco, Francesca De Feo, Camillo Giacomelli, Cristina Zirafa, Claudia Ferrari, Bruno Rossi and Stefano Bombardieri

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:36

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Osteoporosis (OP) and osteoarthritis (OA) are public health diseases affecting the quality of life of the elderly, and bring about a heavy burden to the society and family of patients. It has been debated whet...

    Authors: Yun Shen, Zi-Ming Zhang, Sheng-Dan Jiang, Lei-Sheng Jiang and Li-Yang Dai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:35

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) is a clinical syndrome due to multiple etiologies in which hip movements may be severely limited. The aim of this study was to propose a detailed classification of GMC and eval...

    Authors: Chen-Guang Zhao, Xi-Jing He, Bin Lu, Hao-Peng Li, Dong Wang and Zhen-Zhong Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:34

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Precise indications for computed tomography (CT) in proximal humeral fractures are not established. The purpose of this study was a comparison of conventional radiographic views with different CT reconstructio...

    Authors: Christian Bahrs, Bernd Rolauffs, Norbert P Südkamp, Hagen Schmal, Christoph Eingartner, Klaus Dietz, Philippe L Pereira, Kuno Weise, Erich Lingenfelter and Peter Helwig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:33

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Patients who have suffered obstetric brachial plexus injury (OBPI) have a high incidence of musculoskeletal complications stemming from the initial nerve injury. The presence of muscle imbalances and contractu...

    Authors: Rahul K Nath, Chandra Somasundaram, Sonya E Melcher, Meera Bala and Melissa J Wentz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:32

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Hand-held dynamometry is a portable and inexpensive method to quantify muscle strength. To determine if muscle strength has changed, an examiner must know what part of the difference between a patient's pre-tr...

    Authors: Ruud H Knols, Geert Aufdemkampe, Eling D de Bruin, Daniel Uebelhart and Neil K Aaronson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:31

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Previous research has indicated neck-shoulder disorders to have a fluctuating course incorporating a variety of symptoms. These findings awoke our interest to make a comparison between symptoms experienced by ...

    Authors: Birgitta Wiitavaara, Martin Björklund, Christine Brulin and Mats Djupsjöbacka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:30

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Obesity is a risk factor for knee arthritis. Total knee arthroplasty is the definitive surgical treatment of this disease. Therefore, a high percentage of subjects treated are overweight. Since 2000 in the Emi...

    Authors: Barbara Bordini, Susanna Stea, Sara Cremonini, Marco Viceconti, Rossana De Palma and Aldo Toni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:29

    Content type: Research article

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  20. There is a paucity of data regarding molecular markers that identify the phenotype of the tendon cell. This study aims to quantify gene expression markers that distinguish between tendon fibroblasts and other ...

    Authors: Sarah E Taylor, Anne Vaughan-Thomas, Dylan N Clements, Gina Pinchbeck, Lisa C Macrory, Roger KW Smith and Peter D Clegg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:27

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The word "sex" refers to biological differences between men and women. Gender refers to roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women. Traditionally,...

    Authors: Helen Razmjou, Aileen M Davis, Susan B Jaglal, Richard Holtby and Robin R Richards

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:26

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Determining bone mineral density (BMD) with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is an established and widely used method that is also applied prior to biomechanical testing. However, DXA is affected by a nu...

    Authors: Dirk Wähnert, Konrad L Hoffmeier, Gabriele Lehmann, Rosemarie Fröber, Gunther O Hofmann and Thomas Mückley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:25

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Hip osteoarthritis (OA) is recognised as a substantial source of disability, with pain and loss of function as principal symptoms. An aging society and a growing number of overweight people, which is considere...

    Authors: Nienke Paans, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Klaas van der Meer, Sjoerd K Bulstra and Martin Stevens

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:24

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Knock-in mice (gp130F759) with a Y759F point mutation in gp130, a signal transducing receptor subunit shared by members of the IL-6 cytokine family, show sustained activation of STAT3, enhanced acute-phase or ...

    Authors: Fumio Tsuji, Miwa Yoshimi, Osamu Katsuta, Miwa Takai, Katsuhiko Ishihara and Hiroyuki Aono

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:23

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Comorbid psychopathology is an important predictor of poor outcome for many types of treatments for back or neck pain. But it is unknown if this applies to the results of medial branch blocks (MBBs) for chroni...

    Authors: Ajay D Wasan, Robert N Jamison, Loc Pham, Naveen Tipirneni, Srdjan S Nedeljkovic and Jeffrey N Katz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:22

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Patients with Chronic Tension Type Headache (CTTH) report functional and emotional impairments (loss of workdays, sleep disturbances, emotional well-being) and are at risk for overuse of medication. Manual the...

    Authors: René F Castien, Daniëlle AWM van der Windt, Joost Dekker, Bert Mutsaers and Anneke Grooten

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:21

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. We performed a multicenter, open, randomized, clinical study of autologous cultured osteoblast injection for long-bone fracture, to evaluate the fracture healing acceleration effect and the safety of autologou...

    Authors: Seok-Jung Kim, Yong-Woon Shin, Kyu-Hyun Yang, Sang-Bum Kim, Moon-Jib Yoo, Suk-Ku Han, Soo-Ah Im, Yoo-Dong Won, Yerl-Bo Sung, Taek-Soo Jeon, Cheong-Ho Chang, Jae-Deog Jang, Sae-Bom Lee, Hyun-Cho Kim and Soo-Young Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:20

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Total hip joint replacement (THR) is a high volume, effective intervention for hip osteoarthritis (OA). However, indications and determinants of outcome remain unclear. The 'EUROHIP consortium' has undertaken ...

    Authors: Paul Dieppe, Andrew Judge, Susan Williams, Ifeoma Ikwueke, Klaus-Peter Guenther, Markus Floeren, Joerg Huber, Thorvaldur Ingvarsson, Ian Learmonth, L Stefan Lohmander, Anna Nilsdotter, Wofhart Puhl, David Rowley, Robert Thieler and Karsten Dreinhoefer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:19

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Depression is common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), however reported prevalence varies considerably. Two frequently used instruments to identify depression are the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression ...

    Authors: Tanya Covic, Julie F Pallant, Alan Tennant, Sally Cox, Paul Emery and Philip G Conaghan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:18

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Compared to standing posture, sitting decreases lumbar lordosis, increases low back muscle activity, disc pressure, and pressure on the ischium, which are associated with occupational LBP. A sitting device tha...

    Authors: Mohsen Makhsous, Fang Lin, James Bankard, Ronald W Hendrix, Matthew Hepler and Joel Press

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:17

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Patients with diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) are often confronted with ulceration of foot soles. Increased plantar pressure under the forefoot has been identified as a major risk factor for ulceration. This stu...

    Authors: Hans HCM Savelberg, Nicolaas C Schaper, Paul JB Willems, Ton LH de Lange and Kenneth Meijer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:16

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) has become a significant problem due to high healthcare utilization, rising costs of care and perceived limitations of effectiveness of many current treatments. Syst...

    Authors: Susan C Slade and Jennifer L Keating

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Although psychosocial factors are known to be highly linked with neck pain, current therapies focus on somatically based interventions such as medicinal or manipulatory therapies. This study examines how socio...

    Authors: Eva Blozik, Daria Laptinskaya, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Helene Schaefer, Michael M Kochen, Wolfgang Himmel and Martin Scherer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:13

    Content type: Research article

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  34. While a relation between pain and intracapsular pressure in the hip joint has previously been reported by some of the present authors, a newly published study including patients with severe osteoarthritis was ...

    Authors: Sarunas Tarasevicius, Arunas Gelmanas, Alfredas Smailys, Otto Robertsson and Hans Wingstrand

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:12

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Clinical tests to assess peripheral nerve disorders can be classified into two categories: tests for afferent/efferent nerve function such as nerve conduction (bedside neurological examination) and tests for i...

    Authors: Annina B Schmid, Florian Brunner, Hannu Luomajoki, Ulrike Held, Lucas M Bachmann, Sabine Künzer and Michel W Coppieters

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:11

    Content type: Research article

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  36. There is evidence that low back pain (LBP) during young adulthood and military service predicts LBP later in life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and trends of LBP hospitalisation a...

    Authors: Ville M Mattila, Petri Sillanpää, Tuomo Visuri and Harri Pihlajamäki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:10

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip is a major cause of functional disability and reduced quality of life. Management options aim to reduce pain and improve or maintain physical functioning. Current evidence indica...

    Authors: Helen P French, Tara Cusack, Aisling Brennan, Breon White, Clare Gilsenan, Martina Fitzpatrick, Paul O'Connell, David Kane, Oliver FitzGerald and Geraldine M McCarthy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:9

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Measuring the orientation of acetabular cup after total hip arthroplasty is important for prognosis. The verification of these measurement methods will be easier and more feasible if we can synthesize prosthes...

    Authors: Tai-Yin Wu, Rong-Sen Yang, Chiou-Shann Fuh, Sheng-Mou Hou and Chen-Kun Liaw

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:8

    Content type: Software

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  39. Symptomatic Acromioclavicular (AC) dislocations have historically been surgically treated with Coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction with transfer of the Coracoacromial (CA) ligament. Tensioning the CA...

    Authors: Peter J Millett, Sepp Braun, Reuben Gobezie and Iván H Pacheco

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:6

    Content type: Technical advance

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  40. Corrective bracing for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) has favourable outcomes when patients are compliant. However, bracing may be a stressful and traumatic experience and compliance with a bracing prot...

    Authors: LouAnn Rivett, Alan Rothberg, Aimee Stewart and Rowan Berkowitz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:5

    Content type: Research article

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  41. X-ray images of lumbar degenerative diseases often show not only claw osteophytes, but also pairs of osteophytes that form in a direction away from the adjacent disc. We have investigated the direction of the ...

    Authors: Yuichi Kasai, Eiji Kawakita, Toshihiko Sakakibara, Koji Akeda and Atsumasa Uchida

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:4

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Musculoskeletal problems such as low back pain, neck, knee and shoulder pain are leading causes of disability and activity limitation in adults and are most frequently managed within primary care. There is a c...

    Authors: Nadine E Foster, Krysia S Dziedzic, Danielle AWM van der Windt, Julie M Fritz and Elaine M Hay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:3

    Content type: Correspondence

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  43. In the working population, back disorders are an important reason for sick leave and permanent work inability. In the context of fitting the job to the worker, one of the primary tasks of the occupational heal...

    Authors: An Van Nieuwenhuyse, Geert Crombez, Alex Burdorf, Geert Verbeke, Raphael Masschelein, Guido Moens and Philippe Mairiaux

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:2

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Chronic schizophrenic patients have been reported as having higher osteoporosis prevalence. Survey the bone mass among schizophrenic patients and compare with that of the local community population and reporte...

    Authors: Jenn-Huei Renn, Nan-Ping Yang, Ching-Mo Chueh, Chih-Yuan Lin, Tsuo-Hung Lan and Pesus Chou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:1

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In the industrial world, non-specific back and neck pain (BNP) is the largest diagnostic group underlying sick-listing. For patients with subacute and chronic (= full-time sick-listed for 43 – 84 and 85 – 730 ...

    Authors: Odd Lindell, Sven-Erik Johansson and Lars-Erik Strender

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008 9:172

    Content type: Research article

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