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  1. Tennis elbow is a common and often extremely painful musculoskeletal condition, which has considerable impact on individuals as well as economic implications for healthcare utilization and absence from work. M...

    Authors: Linda S Chesterton, Daniëlle A van der Windt, Julius Sim, Martyn Lewis, Christian D Mallen, Elizabeth E Mason, Catherine Warlow, Kanchan Vohora and Elaine M Hay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:156

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Evidence suggests that to facilitate physical activity sedentary people may adhere to one component of exercise prescriptions (intensity, duration or frequency) without adhering to other components. Some exper...

    Authors: Francesc Medina-Mirapeix, Pilar Escolar-Reina, Juan J Gascón-Cánovas, Joaquina Montilla-Herrador, Francisco J Jimeno-Serrano and Sean M Collins

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:155

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The association between knee alignment and knee pain in knee osteoarthritis (OA) is unclear. High tibial osteotomy, a treatment option in knee OA, alters load from the affected to the unaffected compartment of...

    Authors: Annette W-Dahl, Sören Toksvig-Larsen and Ewa M Roos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:154

    Content type: Research article

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  4. A large proportion of people living with hip or knee pain do not consult health care professionals. Pain severity is often believed to be the main reason for help seeking in this population; however the eviden...

    Authors: Carina A Thorstensson, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Joy Adamson, Susan Williams and Paul Dieppe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:153

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Lateral epicondylitis is a painful condition responsible for loss of function and sick leave for long periods of time. In many countries, the treatment guidelines recommend a wait-and-see policy, reflecting th...

    Authors: Morten Olaussen, Øystein Holmedal, Morten Lindbæk and Søren Brage

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:152

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Although the connective tissues forming the fascial planes of the back have been hypothesized to play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic low back pain (LBP), there have been no previous studies quantitative...

    Authors: Helene M Langevin, Debbie Stevens-Tuttle, James R Fox, Gary J Badger, Nicole A Bouffard, Martin H Krag, Junru Wu and Sharon M Henry

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:151

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Inpatient satisfaction with care is a standard indicator of the quality of care delivered during hospitalization. Total hip and knee replacement (THR/TKR) for osteoarthritis (OA) are among the most successful ...

    Authors: Cédric Baumann, Anne Christine Rat, Georges Osnowycz, Didier Mainard, Christian Cuny and Francis Guillemin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:150

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Whiplash is the most common injury following a motor vehicle accident. Approximately 60% of people suffer persistent pain and disability six months post injury. Two forms of exercise; specific motor relearning...

    Authors: Zoe A Michaleff, Chris G Maher, Gwendolen Jull, Jane Latimer, Luke B Connelly, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Trudy Rebbeck and Michele Sterling

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:149

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. MMP-13 and IGFBP-5 are important factors involved in osteoarthritis (OA). We investigated whether two highly predicted microRNAs (miRNAs), miR-140 and miR-27a, regulate these two genes in human OA chondrocytes.

    Authors: Ginette Tardif, David Hum, Jean-Pierre Pelletier, Nicolas Duval and Johanne Martel-Pelletier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:148

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In the past decade, a considerable amount of research has been carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of innovative low back pain (LBP) interventions. Although some interventions proved to be effective, the...

    Authors: Ludeke C Lambeek, Willem van Mechelen, Peter C Buijs, Patrick Loisel and Johannes R Anema

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:147

    Content type: Research article

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  11. This study aimed to determine whether the effect of laterally wedged insoles on the adduction moment in knee osteoarthritis (OA) declined after one month of wear, and whether higher reported use of insoles was...

    Authors: Rana S Hinman, Kelly Ann Bowles and Kim L Bennell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:146

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In 2003 new computer software, the VOAA (Video Observations Aarts and Aarts), was designed to score and evaluate two important aspects of spontaneous upper limb use, i.e. overall duration and frequency of spec...

    Authors: Pauline BM Aarts, Peter H Jongerius, Yvonne A Geerdink and Alexander C Geurts

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:145

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Endoscopic carpal tunnel release with a single portal technique has been shown to reduce sick leave compared to open carpal tunnel release, claiming to be a less invasive procedure and reducing scar tenderness...

    Authors: Torben Bæk Hansen, Jesper Dalsgaard, Anette Meldgaard and Kristian Larsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:144

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The burden of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) on the general health and well-being of the population has been documented in various studies. The objective of this study was to explore the association between M...

    Authors: Maria D Antonopoulou, Athanasios K Alegakis, Alexander G Hadjipavlou and Christos D Lionis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:143

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus (ICTEV) is a congenital limb deformity. Based on extended transmission disequilibrium testing, Gli-Kruppel family member 3 (Gli3) has been identified as a candidate gene ...

    Authors: DongHua Cao, ChunLian Jin, MeiHong Ren, ChangKun Lin, Xuan Zhang and Ning Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:142

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a representative systemic autoimmune disease characterized by activated T cells and polyclonally activated B cells that produce autoantibodies. Activation of autoreactive ...

    Authors: Meiying Wang, Hongsheng Sun, Wei Zhang and Yuanchao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:141

    Content type: Research article

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:152

  17. Proximal humeral fractures, which occur mainly in older adults, account for approximately 4 to 5% of all fractures. Approximately 40% of these fractures are displaced fractures involving the surgical neck. Man...

    Authors: Helen Handoll, Stephen Brealey, Amar Rangan, David Torgerson, Laura Dennis, Alison Armstrong, Ling-Hsiang Chuang, Ben Cross, Jo Dumville, Sarah Gardner, Lorna Goodchild, Sharon Hamilton, Catherine Hewitt, Rajan Madhok, Nicola Maffulli, Lucy Micklewright…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:140

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Brief intervention programs for subacute low back pain (LBP) result in significant reduction of sick leave compared to treatment as usual. Although effective, a substantial proportion of the patients do not re...

    Authors: Silje E Reme, Eli M Hagen and Hege R Eriksen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:139

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Exercise has been shown to have positive effects on bone density and strength. However, knowledge of the time-course of exercise and bone changes is scarce due to lack of methods to quantify and qualify daily ...

    Authors: Riikka Ahola, Raija Korpelainen, Aki Vainionpää, Juhani Leppäluoto and Timo Jämsä

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:138

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Many people attending rheumatology clinics use analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatories for persistent musculoskeletal pain. Guidelines for pain management recommend regular and pre-emptive use of anal...

    Authors: Ruth Blamey, Kate Jolly, Sheila Greenfield and Paresh Jobanputra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:137

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Activity advice and prescription are commonly used in the management of low back pain (LBP). Although there is evidence for advising patients with LBP to remain active, facilitating both recovery and return to...

    Authors: Paul Hendrick, Stephan Milosavljevic, Melanie L Bell, Leigh Hale, Deirdre A Hurley, Suzanne M McDonough, Markus Melloh and David G Baxter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:136

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. The negative impact of vertebral and hip low-energy fractures on health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) has been demonstrated previously, but few prospective long-term follow-up studies have been conducted. Th...

    Authors: Inger Hallberg, Margareta Bachrach-Lindström, Staffan Hammerby, Göran Toss and Anna-Christina Ek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:135

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Achilles tendinopathy is the predominant overuse injury in runners. To further investigate this overload injury in transverse and longitudinal studies a valid, responsive and reliable outcome measure is demand...

    Authors: Heinz Lohrer and Tanja Nauck

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:134

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In this cross-sectional study, we conducted a comprehensive assessment of all articular elements that could be measured using knee MRI. We assessed the association of pathological change in multiple articular ...

    Authors: Dennis S Meredith, Elena Losina, Gesa Neumann, Hiroshi Yoshioka, Philipp K Lang and Jeffrey N Katz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:133

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Albeit other prospective randomized controlled clinical trials on H-Wave Device Stimulation (HWDS), this is the first randomized double-blind Placebo controlled prospective study that assessed the effects of H...

    Authors: Kenneth Blum, Amanda LC Chen, Thomas JH Chen, Roger L Waite, B William Downs, Eric R Braverman, Mallory M Kerner, Stella M Savarimuthu and Nicholas DiNubile

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:132

    Content type: Research article

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  26. De Quervain's tenosynovitis is a stenosing tenosynovitis of the first dorsal compartment of the wrist and leads to wrist pain and to impaired function of the wrist and hand. It can be treated by splinting, loc...

    Authors: Cyriac Peters-Veluthamaningal, Jan C Winters, Klaas H Groenier and Betty Meyboom-deJong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:131

    Content type: Research article

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  27. There is some evidence that acupuncture for pain and osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is more than a placebo, and short term clinical benefits have been observed when acupuncture is compared to usual care. Howe...

    Authors: Harriet Lansdown, Katie Howard, Stephen Brealey and Hugh MacPherson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:130

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To compare the effectiveness of a custom-made leather wrist splint (LS) with a commercially available fabric splint (FS) in adults with chronic wrist pain.

    Authors: Jill Thiele, Rachel Nimmo, Wendy Rowell, Stephen Quinn and Graeme Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:129

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Any metal placed in a biological environment undergoes corrosion. Thus, with their large metallic surfaces, TKA implants are particularly prone to corrosion with subsequent release of metal ions into the human...

    Authors: Jörg Lützner, Gerd Dinnebier, Albrecht Hartmann, Klaus-Peter Günther and Stephan Kirschner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:128

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the gender differences in knee osteoarthritis (OA) by evaluating the differences in gait spatio-temporal parameters and the differences in pain, qual...

    Authors: Ronen Debi, Amit Mor, Ofer Segal, Ganit Segal, Eytan Debbi, Gabriel Agar, Nahum Halperin, Amir Haim and Avi Elbaz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:127

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Visual estimation (VE) is an essential tool for evaluation of range of motion. Few papers discussed its validity in children orthopedics' practice. The purpose of our study was to assess validity and reliabili...

    Authors: Rami Rachkidi, Ismat Ghanem, Ibrahim Kalouche, Samer El Hage, Fernand Dagher and Khalil Kharrat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:126

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of MRI in musculoskeletal tumours, especially, in prediction of malignancy & to compare whether the diagnosis made on MRI correlates with the cytological/histo...

    Authors: Alex Daniel Jr III, Ekram Ullah, Shagufta Wahab and Vasantha Kumar Jr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:125

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) presents a challenge for patients and health care staff across many medical specialities. The aetiology is multi-dimensional, involving somatic, psychological and social factors. Pa...

    Authors: Heidi K Lempp, Stephani L Hatch, Serene F Carville and Ernest H Choy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:124

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The importance of using a common language when communicating to others about back pain is acknowledged in the literature. There are broadly three areas where difficulties in communication about back pain arise...

    Authors: Karen L Barker, Margaret Reid and Catherine J Minns Lowe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:123

    Content type: Research article

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  35. While approximately 70% of chronic low back pain (CLBP) sufferers complain of sleep disturbance, current literature is based on self report measures which can be prone to bias and no objective data of sleep qu...

    Authors: Grainne M O'Donoghue, Niall Fox, Conor Heneghan and Deirdre A Hurley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:122

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Neurogenic claudication (NC) is the clinical syndrome commonly associated with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Non-surgical management is recommended as initial treatment, but little is known about current pract...

    Authors: Christine M Comer, Anthony C Redmond, Howard A Bird and Philip G Conaghan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:121

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Fractures of the proximal radius need to be classified in an appropriate and reproducible manner. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of the three most widely used classification systems.

    Authors: Fabio T Matsunaga, Marcel JS Tamaoki, Eduardo F Cordeiro, Anderson Uehara, Marcos H Ikawa, Marcelo H Matsumoto, João BG dos Santos and João C Belloti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:120

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Prosthetic design for the use in primary total knee arthroplasty has evolved into designs that preserve the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and those in which the ligament is routinely sacrificed (posterior ...

    Authors: Lennard GH van den Boom, Reinoud W Brouwer, Inge van den Akker-Scheek, Sjoerd K Bulstra and Jos JAM van Raaij

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:119

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Despite conflicting results after surgically treated ankle fractures few studies have evaluated the effects of different types of training programs performed after plaster removal. The aim of this study was to...

    Authors: Gertrud M Nilsson, Kjell Jonsson, Charlotte S Ekdahl and Magnus Eneroth

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:118

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Health care workers have a high prevalence of low back pain (LBP). Although physical exposures in the working environment are linked to an increased risk of LBP, it has been suggested that individual coping st...

    Authors: Jette Nygaard Jensen, Karen Albertsen, Vilhelm Borg and Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:117

    Content type: Research article

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  41. During the chronic stage of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS), impaired microcirculation is related to increased vasoconstriction, tissue hypoxia, and metabolic tissue acidosis in the affected limb. Severa...

    Authors: George Groeneweg, Frank JPM Huygen, Terence J Coderre and Freek J Zijlstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:116

    Content type: Debate

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  42. Headache is a highly prevalent disorder. Irrespective of the headache diagnosis it is often accompanied with neck pain and -stiffness. Due to this common combination of headache and neck pain, physical treatme...

    Authors: Willem De Hertogh, Peter Vaes, Dirk Devroey, Paul Louis, Hans Carpay, Steven Truijen, William Duquet and Rob Oostendorp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:115

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Although many clinicians believe there are clinically important subgroups of persons with "non-specific" low back pain, such subgroups have not yet been clearly identified. As part of a large trial evaluating ...

    Authors: Karen J Sherman, Daniel C Cherkin, Laura Ichikawa, Andrew L Avins, William E Barlow, Partap S Khalsa and Richard A Deyo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:114

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) amongst bisphosphonate users has been increasingly reported but results are conflicting. We performed a Bayesian meta-analysis to address the possible association between...

    Authors: Anselm Mak, Mike WL Cheung, Roger Chun-Man Ho, Alicia Ai-Cia Cheak and Chak Sing Lau

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:113

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Numerous proposed surgical techniques have had minimal success in managing greater trochanter overgrowth secondary to retarded growth of the femoral capital epiphysis. For reconstruction of residual hip deform...

    Authors: Ching-Lung Tai, Weng-Pin Chen, Hsih-Hao Chen, Chien-Yu Lin and Mel S Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:112

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Osteoporosis is a major health problem in postmenopausal women. Evidence suggests the importance of oxidative stress in bone metabolism and bone loss. Tea consumption may be beneficial to osteoporosis due to i...

    Authors: Chwan-Li Shen, Ming-Chien Chyu, James K Yeh, Carol K Felton, Ke T Xu, Barbara C Pence and Jia-Sheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:110

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. Oscillatory fluid flow (OFF)-induced shear stress leads to positive bone remodeling through pro-formative and anti-resorptive effects on bone cells. In this study, the effects of high frequency OFF on expressi...

    Authors: Chi Hyun Kim, Kyung Hwan Kim and Christopher R Jacobs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:109

    Content type: Research article

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  48. It is thought that spasticity has an influence on the development of functional motor abilities among children with cerebral palsy (CP). The extent to which spasticity is associated with the change in motor ab...

    Authors: Jan Willem Gorter, Olaf Verschuren, Laura van Riel and Marjolijn Ketelaar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2009 10:108

    Content type: Research article

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