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Rehabilitation, physical therapy and occupational health

Section edited by J. Bart Staal

This section concerns all aspects of physical therapies and rehabilitation for musculoskeletal disorders. This section also considers studies concerning work-related musculoskeletal disorders and occupation health.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) is an increasingly common condition worldwide with significant costs associated with its management. Identification of musculoskeletal risk factors that can be treated clinically before the...

    Authors: Sean G Sadler, Martin J Spink, Alan Ho, Xanne Janse De Jonge and Vivienne H Chuter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:179

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  2. Content type: Research article

    This study was performed to determine if the effectiveness of patellofemoral bracing as a treatment for patellofemoral osteoarthritis is influenced by patellofemoral joint alignment and trochlear morphology. W...

    Authors: Xi Zhang, Jillian P. Eyles, Joanna Makovey, Matthew J. Williams and David J. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:168

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Chronic low back pain (CLBP) has been associated with altered trunk muscle responses as well as increased muscle fatigability. CLBP patients and fatigued healthy subjects could experience similar neuromuscular...

    Authors: Júlia Jubany, Lieven Danneels and Rosa Angulo-Barroso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:161

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Despite the wide use of the neck disability index (NDI) for assessing disability in patients with neck pain, the NDI has not yet been translated and validated in Urdu. The first purpose of the present study wa...

    Authors: Muhammad Nazim Farooq, Mohammad A. Mohseni-Bandpei, Syed Amir Gilani and Ambreen Hafeez

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:149

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Neck pain is frequent among military helicopter pilots and crew-members, and pain may influence individual health and work performance. The aim of this study was to examine if an exercise intervention could re...

    Authors: Mike Murray, Britt Lange, Bo Riebeling Nørnberg, Karen Søgaard and Gisela Sjøgaard

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:147

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was twofold: (i) to assess the intrarater reliability of coracohumeral distance; (ii) to investigate the level of association between coracohumeral distance measured by ultrasonography, a...

    Authors: S. Navarro-Ledesma, F. Struyf, M. T. Labajos-Manzanares, M. Fernandez-Sanchez and A. Luque-Suarez

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:136

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Among the working population, non-specific low-back pain and neck pain are one of the most common reasons for sickness absenteeism. The aim was to evaluate the effects of an early intervention of yoga - compar...

    Authors: Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Gunnar Bergström, Irene Jensen, Jan Hagberg and Lydia Kwak

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:132

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Wireless, wearable, inertial motion sensor technology introduces new possibilities for monitoring spinal motion and pain in people during their daily activities of work, rest and play. There are many types of ...

    Authors: Hanne Leirbekk Mjøsund, Eleanor Boyle, Per Kjaer, Rune Mygind Mieritz, Tue Skallgård and Peter Kent

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:124

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is a common and generally effective procedure performed mainly due to advanced osteoarthritis, pain, physical disability and reduced quality of life. However, approximately 20% of...

    Authors: Sara Birch, Maiken Stilling, Inger Mechlenburg and Torben Bæk Hansen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:116

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Chronic pain and fatigue improves by exercise in fibromyalgia (FM) but underlying mechanisms are not known. Obesity is increased among FM patients and associates with higher levels of pain. Symptom improvement...

    Authors: Jan L. Bjersing, Anette Larsson, Annie Palstam, Malin Ernberg, Indre Bileviciute-Ljungar, Monika Löfgren, Björn Gerdle, Eva Kosek and Kaisa Mannerkorpi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:106

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Partial or complete immobilization leads to different adjustment processes like higher risk of muscle atrophy or a decrease of general performance. The present study is designed to prove efficacy of the anti-g...

    Authors: Ralf Henkelmann, Sebastian Schneider, Daniel Müller, Ralf Gahr, Christoph Josten and Jörg Böhme

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:104

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Recently, we determined that in a rigorously monitored environment an intensive diet-induced weight loss of 10% combined with exercise was significantly more effective at reducing pain in men and women with sy...

    Authors: Stephen P. Messier, Leigh F. Callahan, Daniel P. Beavers, Kate Queen, Shannon L. Mihalko, Gary D. Miller, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N. Katz, Richard F. Loeser, Sara A. Quandt, Paul DeVita, David J. Hunter, Mary F. Lyles, Jovita Newman, Betsy Hackney and Joanne M. Jordan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:91

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Patients with back and neck pain are often seen in primary care and it is important to provide them with tailored interventions based on risk stratification/triage. The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBT) is a wid...

    Authors: Malin Forsbrand, Birgitta Grahn, Jonathan C. Hill, Ingemar F. Petersson, Charlotte Post Sennehed and Kjerstin Stigmar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:89

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) may be characterized by pain and restricted jaw movements. In the absence of somatic factors in the temporomandibular joint, mainly myogenous, psychobiological, and psychosoci...

    Authors: Robert J. van Grootel, Rob Buchner, Daniël Wismeijer and Hilbert W. van der Glas

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:76

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The uptake of evidence-based guidelines in clinical practice is suboptimal in osteoarthritis (OA) and other chronic diseases. Good Life with osteoArthritis in Denmark (GLA:D) was launched in 2013 with the aim ...

    Authors: Søren T. Skou and Ewa M. Roos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:72

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Work-related injuries of the shoulder complex represent a challenge for clinicians because of the large variety of clinical entities involved and the broad anatomic structures that can be affected. Furthermore...

    Authors: Igor Setuain, Miriam Gonzalez-Izal, Ainara Paularena, Jose Luis Luque, Lars L. Andersen and Mikel Izquierdo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:70

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The Keele stratified care model for management of low back pain comprises use of the prognostic STarT Back Screening Tool to allocate patients into one of three risk-defined categories leading to associated ri...

    Authors: Adrian Bamford, Andy Nation, Susie Durrell, Lazaros Andronis, Ellen Rule and Hugh McLeod

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:66

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Hip joint complaints are a problem associated with increasing age and impair the mobility of a large section of the elderly population. Reliable and valid tests are necessary for a thorough investigation of a ...

    Authors: Rahel Lenzlinger-Asprion, Niculina Keller, André Meichtry and Hannu Luomajoki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:55

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Increased Serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (S-IGF-1) has been noted after physical activity in healthy subjects, while the acute release of S-IGF-1 in relation to exercise has not previously been studied in ...

    Authors: Kaisa Mannerkorpi, Kerstin Landin-Wilhelmsen, Anette Larsson, Åsa Cider, Olivia Arodell and Jan L. Bjersing

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:37

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis is one of the leading causes of inactivity worldwide. The recommended level of health enhancing physical activity (HEPA) is at least 150 min of moderate intensity physical activity per week. The...

    Authors: Anna Ernstgård, MirNabi PirouziFard and Carina A. Thorstensson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:42

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Fibromyalgia is a disease with an increasing incidence. It impairs the quality of life of patients and decreases their functional capacity. Aquatic therapy has already been used for managing the symptoms of th...

    Authors: Sabela Rivas Neira, Amélia Pasqual Marques, Irene Pegito Pérez, Ramón Fernández Cervantes and Jamile Vivas Costa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:22

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain is a common and costly condition internationally. There is high need to identify effective and economically efficient means for managing this problem. This study aimed to explore the cost-effecti...

    Authors: Terry Haines and Kelly-Ann Bowles

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:18

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Rates of chronic pain are rising sharply in the United States and worldwide. Presently, there is evidence of racial disparities in pain treatment and treatment outcomes in the United States but few interventio...

    Authors: Rozina H. Bhimani, Lee J. S. Cross, Brent C. Taylor, Laura A. Meis, Steven S. Fu, Kelli D. Allen, Sarah L. Krein, Tam Do, Robert D. Kerns and Diana J. Burgess

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:15

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Within work sociology, several studies have addressed construction workers’ practices of masculinity, class, economy, safety risks and production. However, few studies have investigated room for agency in rela...

    Authors: Jeppe Zielinski Nguyen Ajslev, Roger Persson and Lars Louis Andersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:13

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  25. Content type: Research article

    There are indications of beneficial short-term effect of pre-operative exercise in reducing pain and improving activity of daily living after total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) surger...

    Authors: Linda Fernandes, Ewa M. Roos, Søren Overgaard, Allan Villadsen and Rikke Søgaard

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:5

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Epidemiological studies have shown that patient transfer is a risk factor for back pain, back injuries and long term sickness absence, whereas consistent use of assistive devices during patient transfer seems ...

    Authors: Markus D. Jakobsen, Birgit Aust, Johnny Dyreborg, Pete Kines, Maja B. Illum and Lars L. Andersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:501

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  27. Content type: Research article

    For patients with chronic pain, the heterogeneity of clinical presentations makes it difficult to identify patients who would benefit from multimodal rehabilitation programs (MMRP). Yet, there is limited knowl...

    Authors: Björn Gerdle, Peter Molander, Gunilla Stenberg, Britt-Marie Stålnacke and Paul Enthoven

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:490

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Patients with lower extremity amputation frequently suffer from socket-related problems. This seriously limits prosthesis use, level of activity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). An additional proble...

    Authors: Ruud A. Leijendekkers, J. Bart Staal, Gerben van Hinte, Jan Paul Frölke, Hendrik van de Meent, Femke Atsma, Maria W. G. Nijhuis-van der Sanden and Thomas J. Hoogeboom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:484

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal disorders including low back pain have major individual and socioeconomic consequences as it often leads to disability and long-term sick leave and exclusion from working life. Predictors of di...

    Authors: Jon Opsahl, Hege R. Eriksen and Torill H. Tveito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:481

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    In the absence of disease-modifying interventions for hand osteoarthritis (OA), occupational therapy (OT) comprising patient education, hand exercises, assistive devices and orthoses are considered as core tre...

    Authors: Ingvild Kjeken, Ruth Else Mehl Eide, Åse Klokkeide, Karin Hoegh Matre, Monika Olsen, Petter Mowinckel, Øyvor Andreassen, Siri Darre and Randi Nossum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:473

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:68

  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Physiotherapists are commonly involved in the management of patients immediately following lumbar spinal surgery. There is however, very little research to guide physiotherapy intervention in the acute post-op...

    Authors: Sarah Gilmore, Jodie A. McClelland and Megan Davidson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:472

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Foot pain is a common problem affecting up to 1 in 5 adults and is known to adversely affect activities of daily living and health related quality of life. Orthopaedic footwear interventions are used as a cons...

    Authors: Vivienne Helaine Chuter, Angela Searle and Martin J. Spink

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:468

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Non-arthritic hip disorders are defined as abnormalities of the articulating surfaces of the acetabulum and femur before the onset of osteoarthritis, including intra-articular structures such as the acetabular...

    Authors: Russell J. Coppack, James L. Bilzon, Andrew K. Wills, Ian M. McCurdie, Laura Partridge, Alastair M. Nicol and Alexander N. Bennett

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:459

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Institutionalization after hip fracture is a socio-economical burden. We examined the predictive value of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) for institution...

    Authors: Markus T. Hongisto, Maria Nuotio, Tiina Luukkaala, Olli Väistö and Harri K. Pihlajamäki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:444

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  35. Content type: Study protocol

    In recent years, athletes have ventured into ultra-endurance and adventure racing events, which tests their ability to race, navigate, and survive. These events often require race participants to carry some fo...

    Authors: Bernard X. W. Liew, Susan Morris, Justin W. L. Keogh, Brendyn Appleby and Kevin Netto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:445

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have compared the factors that drive patients’ decision to choose a chiropractor, physician or physiotherapist as their first healthcare provider for occupational back pain. The purpose of this stu...

    Authors: Marc-André Blanchette, Michèle Rivard, Clermont E. Dionne, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson and Ivan Steenstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:428

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal pain is common in adults, with the hand being frequently affected. Healthcare services have the potential to be of benefit to adults with hand pain and problems, through promotion and facilitat...

    Authors: Helen Myers, Krysia Dziedzic, Elaine Nicholls and Peter Croft

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:418

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The evidence for the effect of treatments of neck pain is modest. In the absence of causal treatments, a possibility is to tailor the treatment to the individuals’ functional limitations and symptoms. The aim ...

    Authors: Åsa Svedmark, Mats Djupsjöbacka, Charlotte Häger, Gwendolen Jull and Martin Björklund

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:408

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders represent a great burden on the health care system. The use of physiotherapists in their autonomous roles and in advanced practice roles may help increase access to care. Thus, ...

    Authors: Ariel Desjardins-Charbonneau, Jean-Sébastien Roy, Julie Thibault, Vincent T. Ciccone and François Desmeules

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:400

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) was to evaluate the pain control by gabapentin or pregabalin administration versus placebo after total hip arthrop...

    Authors: Yingdelong Mao, Lianguo Wu and Weiguo Ding

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:373

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite numerous options for treating back pain and the increasing healthcare resources devoted to this problem, the prevalence and impact of back pain-related disability has not improved. It is now recognized...

    Authors: Dan Cherkin, Benjamin Balderson, Georgie Brewer, Andrea Cook, Katherine Talbert Estlin, Sarah C. Evers, Nadine E. Foster, Jonathan C. Hill, Rene Hawkes, Clarissa Hsu, Mark Jensen, Anne-Marie LaPorte, Martin D. Levine, Diane Piekara, Pam Rock, Karen Sherman…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:361

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Evidence suggests people with axial spondyloarthritis (axial SpA) should exercise up to five times per week but lack of time, symptoms, cost and distance are barriers to regular exercise in axial SpA. Personal...

    Authors: L. Paul, E. H. Coulter, S. Cameron, M. T. McDonald, M. Brandon, D. Cook, A. McConnachie and S. Siebert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:360

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Clinical guidelines recommend a combination of physical, pharmacological and psychological treatments for chronic widespread pain, but published accounts of treatment acceptability are lacking.

    Authors: Penny Bee, John McBeth, Gary J. MacFarlane and Karina Lovell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:354

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Physical exercises and physiotherapy are of great importance for maintenance of joint function in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, many RA patients complain about problems to receive prescript...

    Authors: Jan Zernicke, Claudia Kedor, Angela Müller, Gerd-Rüdiger Burmester, Anett Reißhauer and Eugen Feist

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:351

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Pressure pain thresholds (PPT) are commonly used to quantify mechanical pain sensitivity of deep structures. Excellent PPT reliability has been previously reported among the low back of healthy subjects. Howev...

    Authors: Romain Balaguier, Pascal Madeleine and Nicolas Vuillerme

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:350

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Dupuytren’s disease is a common fibrotic disorder of the palm characterized by the development of progressive flexion deformities in the digits, leading to significant functional impairment. Surgical excision ...

    Authors: Catherine Ball, David Izadi, Liaquat Suleman Verjee, James Chan and Jagdeep Nanchahal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:345

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Improving vitamin D (25-OHD) status may be an important modifiable factor that could reduce disability severity, fall-rates and mortality associated after hip fracture surgery. Providing a loading-dose post-su...

    Authors: Jenson CS Mak, Rebecca S. Mason, Linda Klein and Ian D. Cameron

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:336

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  48. Content type: Study protocol

    Norwegian Psychomotor Physiotherapy (NPMP) has been an established treatment approach for more than 50 years, although mostly in the Scandinavian countries, and is usually applied to patients with widespread a...

    Authors: Tove Dragesund and Alice Kvåle

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:325

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  49. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) in adolescents can influence functioning and well-being, and has negative consequences for families and society as well. According to the Fear Avoidance Model, fear of moveme...

    Authors: Carolien Dekker, Mariëlle E. J. B. Goossens, Caroline H. G. Bastiaenen and Jeanine A. M. C. F. Verbunt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:317

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Behavioral medicine (BM) treatment is recommended to be implemented for pain management in physical therapy. Its implementation requires physical therapists (PTs), who are skilled at performing functional beha...

    Authors: C. Emilson, P. Åsenlöf, S. Pettersson, S. Bergman, M. Sandborgh, C. Martin and I. Demmelmaier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:316

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