Skip to content


Rehabilitation, physical therapy and occupational health

Section edited by J. Bart Staal

This section concerns all aspects of physical therapies and rehabilitation for musculoskeletal disorders. This section also considers studies concerning work-related musculoskeletal disorders and occupation health.

Page 2 of 10

  1. Content type: Research article

    Clinical examinations are subjective and often show a low validity and reliability. Objective and highly reliable quantitative assessments are available in laboratory settings using 3D motion analysis, but the...

    Authors: Wilhelmus Johannes Andreas Grooten, Lisa Sandberg, John Ressman, Nicolas Diamantoglou, Elin Johansson and Eva Rasmussen-Barr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:6

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD) are common and costly, and are usually managed initially by general practitioners (GPs). How GPs manage WAD is largely unstudied, though there are clinical guidelines. Our a...

    Authors: Jane Nikles, Michael Yelland, Clare Bayram, Graeme Miller and Michele Sterling

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:551

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is an evidence-based work rehabilitation model with well-documented effects for people with mental illness. The model has, however, never been tested out for people with ...

    Authors: L. Rødevand, T. M. Ljosaa, L. P. Granan, T. Knutzen, H. B. Jacobsen and S. E. Reme

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:550

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Responsiveness of a clinical test is highly relevant in order to evaluate the effect of a given intervention. However, the responsiveness of clinical tests for people with neck pain has not been adequately eva...

    Authors: René Jørgensen, Inge Ris, Carsten Juhl, Deborah Falla and Birgit Juul-Kristensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:548

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Physical exercise and educational programs promote several benefits for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, little is known about the effects of educational programs promoting the regular practice...

    Authors: José Messias Rodrigues da Silva, Márcia Uchoa de Rezende, Tânia Carvalho Spada, Lucila da Silva Francisco, Fabiane Elize Sabine de Farias, Cleidnéia Aparecida Clemente da Silva, Claudia Helena de Azevedo Cernigoy, Júlia Maria D’Andréa Greve and Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:546

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Whiplash associated disorders (WAD) are the most common non-hospitalised injury resulting from a motor vehicle crash. Approximately 50% of individuals with WAD experience on-going pain and disability. Results ...

    Authors: Carrie Ritchie, Carolyn Ehrlich and Michele Sterling

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:531

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Although upper cervical and upper thoracic spine mobilization plus therapeutic exercises are common interventions for the management of forward head posture (FHP), no study has directly compared the effectiven...

    Authors: Juchul Cho, Eunsang Lee and Seungwon Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:525

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Globally, neck pain is the fourth most common condition associated with longer periods of living with disability. Annually, approximately 0.3% of the population of Western countries undergo whiplash trauma, an...

    Authors: Anneli Peolsson, Maria Landén Ludvigsson and Gunnel Peterson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:524

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) has been used to reduce spasticity in children with cerebral palsy (CP) for decades. The purpose of this study was to analyze to what extent BTX-A treatment was used to treat spastici...

    Authors: Maria Franzén, Gunnar Hägglund and Ann Alriksson-Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:520

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Severe knee osteoarthritis, as well as the surgical procedure of total knee replacement that aims to reduce its symptoms, cause great deterioration on the proprioceptive system. Taking this fact into account, ...

    Authors: José-María Blasco, Celedonia Igual-Camacho and Sergio Roig-Casasús

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:518

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Hyperkyphosis, an excessive anterior curvature in the thoracic spine, is associated with reduced health status in older adults. Hyperkyphosis is highly prevalent, more common in older women than men. There is ...

    Authors: Wendy B. Katzman, Neeta Parimi, Amy Gladin, Eduard A. Poltavskiy, Anne L. Schafer, Roger K. Long, Bo Fan, Shirley S. Wong and Nancy E. Lane

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:509

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Contractile tissue plays an important role in mobility deficits in frozen shoulder (FS). However, no study has assessed the effect of the muscle release technique on the muscle activation and kinematics in ind...

    Authors: Yi-Fen Shih, Pei-Wen Liao and Chun-Shou Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:499

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Individuals with persistent musculoskeletal pain (PMP) have an increased risk of developing co-morbid health conditions and for early-mortality compared to those without pain. Despite irrefutable evidence supp...

    Authors: Joanne Marley, Mark A. Tully, Alison Porter-Armstrong, Brendan Bunting, John O’Hanlon, Lou Atkins, Sarah Howes and Suzanne M. McDonough

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:482

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Physical activity (PA) decreases during hospitalization. In particular, the amount of PA engaged in by older people who are hospitalized following musculoskeletal injury is likely to be limited for months afte...

    Authors: K. Turunen, L. Aaltonen, J. Kumpumäki, E. Portegijs, S. Keikkala, M.-L. Kinnunen, T. Finni, S. Sipilä and R. Nikander

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:477

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Physiotherapy rehabilitation following surgical reconstruction to the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) can take up to 12 months to complete. Given the lengthy rehabilitation process, a blended intervention can...

    Authors: Emma Dunphy, Fiona L. Hamilton, Irena Spasić and Kate Button

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:471

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Most people experience low back pain (LBP), and it is often ongoing or recurrent. Contemporary research knowledge indicates individual’s pain beliefs have a strong effect on their pain experience and managemen...

    Authors: Jenny Setchell, Nathalia Costa, Manuela Ferreira, Joanna Makovey, Mandy Nielsen and Paul W. Hodges

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:466

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Treatment for patients with chronic low-back pain (LBP) is a public health issue. Intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) have shown an analgesic effect on LBP in two previous randomized control...

    Authors: Mélanie Cogné, Hervé Petit, Alexandre Creuzé, Dominique Liguoro and Mathieu de Seze

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:454

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Emergence of more autonomous roles for physiotherapists warrants more evidence regarding their diagnostic capabilities. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate diagnostic and surgical triage concordance between a phys...

    Authors: S. Décary, M. Fallaha, B. Pelletier, P. Frémont, J. Martel-Pelletier, J.-P. Pelletier, D. E. Feldman, M.-P. Sylvestre, P.-A. Vendittoli and F. Desmeules

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:445

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    The promotion of physical activity is a major field in rehabilitation and health promotion but evidence is lacking on what method or strategy works best. Ensuing from this research gap, the present study compa...

    Authors: Andrea Schaller, Katja Petrowski, Timo-Kolja Pfoertner and Ingo Froboese

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:431

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Sensorimotor disturbances of the hand such as altered neuromuscular control and reduced proprioception have been reported for various musculoskeletal disorders. This can have major impact on daily activities s...

    Authors: Ulrik Röijezon, Ragnar Faleij, Petros Karvelis, George Georgoulas and George Nikolakopoulos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:407

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Shoulder pain of musculoskeletal origin is the main cause of upper limb pain of non-traumatic origin. Despite being one of the most common reasons for consultation, there is no established protocol for treatme...

    Authors: Emma Tejera-Falcón, Nuria del Carmen Toledo-Martel, Francisco Manuel Sosa-Medina, Fátima Santana-González, Miriam del Pino Quintana-de la Fe, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo and Daniel Pecos-Martín

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:400

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    This study systematically summarizes quantitative imaging biomarker research in non-traumatic neck and shoulder musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). There were two research questions: 1) Are there quantitative im...

    Authors: Judith E. Gold, David M. Hallman, Fredrik Hellström, Martin Björklund, Albert G. Crenshaw, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Mary F. Barbe and Sayed Ali

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:395

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Mechanical neck pain is a highly prevalent problem in primary healthcare settings. Many of these patients have restricted mobility of the cervical spine. Several manual techniques have been recommended for res...

    Authors: Vanessa González Rueda, Carlos López de Celis, Martín Eusebio Barra López, Andoni Carrasco Uribarren, Sara Castillo Tomás and Cesar Hidalgo García

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:384

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    There is a substantive lack of knowledge about comorbidity in patients with frozen shoulder. The aim of this study was to investigate whether subjective health complaints and Neuroticism would predict treatmen...

    Authors: Satya Pal Sharma, Rolf Moe-Nilssen, Alice Kvåle and Anders Bærheim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:380

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    Many studies suggest that impairment of motor control is the mechanical component of the pathogenesis of painful disorders in the lumbo-sacral region; however, this theory is still unproven and the results and...

    Authors: Jan M. A. Mens and Annelies Pool-Goudzwaard

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:372

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of contact with the primary healthcare sector. In some patients, symptoms quickly resolve, but others develop long-lasting pain and disability. To improve the care pathway...

    Authors: Allan Riis, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Cathrine Elgaard Jensen and Martin Bach Jensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:360

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Hamstring injuries are the most common muscle injury in amateur and professional soccer. Most hamstring injuries occur in the late swing phase, when the hamstring undergoes a stretch-shortening cycle and the h...

    Authors: S. Van de Hoef, B. M. A. Huisstede, M. S. Brink, N. de Vries, E. A. Goedhart and F. J. G. Backx

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:355

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Second opinions may improve quality of patient care. The primary objective of this study was to determine the concordance between first and second diagnoses and opinions regarding need for spinal surgery among...

    Authors: Mario Lenza, Rachelle Buchbinder, Margaret P. Staples, Oscar F.P. dos Santos, Reynaldo A. Brandt, Claudio L. Lottenberg, Miguel Cendoroglo and Mario Ferretti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:354

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Targeted treatment, matched according to specific clinical criteria e.g. hip muscle weakness, may result in better outcomes for people with patellofemoral pain (PFP). However, to ensure the success of future t...

    Authors: Benjamin T. Drew, Philip G. Conaghan, Toby O. Smith, James Selfe and Anthony C. Redmond

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:338

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    There is a demand for a flexible and individually tailored patient education to meet patients’ specific needs and priorities, but this area has seldom been studied in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA), a f...

    Authors: Emma Haglund, Ann Bremander, Stefan Bergman and Ingrid Larsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:335

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Most knee replacement patients are overweight/obese, yet are commonly excluded from evidence-based weight loss programs due to mobility limitations and barriers faced around the time of surgery. The purpose of...

    Authors: Christine A. Pellegrini, Gwendolyn Ledford, Sara A. Hoffman, Rowland W. Chang and Kenzie A. Cameron

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:327

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Working conditions substantially influence health, work ability and sick leave. Useful instruments to help clinicians pay attention to working conditions are lacking in primary care (PC). The aim of this study...

    Authors: Charlotte Post Sennehed, Gunvor Gard, Sara Holmberg, Kjerstin Stigmar, Malin Forsbrand and Birgitta Grahn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:318

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Core stabilization has been utilized for rehabilitation and prevention of lower limb musculoskeletal injuries. Previous studies showed that activation of the abdominal core muscles enhanced the hip muscle acti...

    Authors: Mandy KY Chan, Ka Wai Chow, Alfred YS Lai, Noble KC Mak, Jason CH Sze and Sharon MH Tsang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:313

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Inflammatory arthritis leads to work disability, absenteeism and presenteeism (i.e. at-work productivity loss) at high cost to individuals, employers and society. A trial of job retention vocational rehabilita...

    Authors: Alison Hammond, Rachel O’Brien, Sarah Woodbridge, Lucy Bradshaw, Yeliz Prior, Kate Radford, June Culley, Diane Whitham and Ruth Pulikottil-Jacob

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:315

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Pain and loss of function are cardinal symptoms associated with Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS), while the presence and magnitude of deficits in strength and range of motion (ROM) are largely undescribe...

    Authors: M.B. Clausen, A. Witten, K. Holm, K.B. Christensen, M.L. Attrup, P. Hölmich and K. Thorborg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:302

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Midportion Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a common overuse injury, usually requiring several months of rehabilitation. Exercise therapy of the ankle plantar flexors (i.e. tendon loading) is considered crucial d...

    Authors: Bas Habets, Robert E. H. van Cingel, Frank J. G. Backx and Bionka M. A. Huisstede

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:296

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Study protocol

    There is consistent evidence that supervised programs are not superior to home-based programs after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), especially in patients without complications. Home-based exercise programs are...

    Authors: Karen E. M. Harmelink, A. V. C. M. Zeegers, Thijs M. Tönis, Wim Hullegie, Maria W. G Nijhuis-van der Sanden and J Bart Staal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:290

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Observation of movement quality (MQ) is an indelible element in the process of clinical reasoning for patients with non-specific low back pain (NS-LBP). However, the observation and evaluation of MQ in common ...

    Authors: Margriet van Dijk, Nienke Smorenburg, Bart Visser, Yvonne F. Heerkens and Maria W.G. Nijhuis-van der Sanden

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:288

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Fear of harm (FoH) after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (ACLR) should be addressed in physical therapy as it hampers return to sports. However, there are no instruments assessing FoH specific for AC...

    Authors: Wim van Lankveld, Nicky van Melick, Bas Habets, Eefje Roelofsen, J. Bart Staal and Robert van Cingel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:287

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Flight related low back pain (LBP) among helicopter pilots is frequent and may influence flight performance. Prolonged confined sitting during flights seems to weaken lumbar trunk (LT) muscles with associated ...

    Authors: Knut Andersen, Roald Baardsen, Ingvild Dalen and Jan Petter Larsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:269

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire (DASH) is a valid and reliable patient-reported outcome measure (PROM). It was designed to measure physical disability and symptoms in patients wit...

    Authors: Tarjei Rysstad, Yngve Røe, Benjamin Haldorsen, Ida Svege and Liv Inger Strand

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:248

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) is the most common reported musculoskeletal disorder, with large prevalence numbers and high costs. Focus on early identification of patients at risk of developing chronic LBP has increased...

    Authors: Hilde Stendal Robinson and Hanne Dagfinrud

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:232

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Arthritis gloves are regularly provided as part of the management of people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and undifferentiated (early) inflammatory arthritis (IA). Usually made of nylon and elastane (i.e. Lycra®

    Authors: Yeliz Prior, Chris Sutton, Sarah Cotterill, Jo Adams, Elizabeth Camacho, Nazina Arafin, Jill Firth, Terence O’Neill, Yvonne Hough, Wendy Jones and Alison Hammond

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:224

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic tendinopathy is a significant problem particularly in active populations limiting sporting and occupational performance. The prevalence of patellar tendinopathy in some sports is near 50% and the incid...

    Authors: Robert M. Barker-Davies, Alastair Nicol, I. McCurdie, James Watson, Polly Baker, Patrick Wheeler, Daniel Fong, Mark Lewis and Alexander N. Bennett

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:204

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent and costly disorders worldwide. To reduce its burden in the Netherlands, implementation of a multidisciplinary guideline for LBP was supported by a multifaceted...

    Authors: Arnela Suman, Frederieke G. Schaafsma, Jiman Bamarni, Maurits W. van Tulder and Johannes R. Anema

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:200

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal disorders are a major health problem resulting in negative effects on wellbeing and substantial costs to society. Work participation is associated with positive benefits for both mental and phy...

    Authors: Nathan Hutting, Wiebke Oswald, J Bart Staal, Josephine A Engels, Elvira Nouwens, Maria WG Nijhuis van-der Sanden and Yvonne F Heerkens

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:196

    Published on:

  47. Content type: Research article

    There are varieties of self-assessment questionnaire used for the evaluation of pain, functional disability, and health related quality of life in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The present study i...

    Authors: Ahmad H. Alghadir, Einas S. Al-Eisa and Shahnawaz Anwer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:190

    Published on:

  48. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (1st MTPJ OA) is a common and disabling condition commonly managed with footwear and orthotic interventions. The objective of this study was to identify fa...

    Authors: Hylton B. Menz, Maria Auhl, Jade M. Tan, Pazit Levinger, Edward Roddy and Shannon E. Munteanu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:185

    Published on:

  49. Content type: Research article

    Manual handling operations (MHO) are known to be risk factors for work-related upper limb disorders (WRULDs), e.g. symptoms and conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome. To estimate the risk of WRULDs, a Key ...

    Authors: Andre Klussmann, Falk Liebers, Hansjürgen Gebhardt, Monika A. Rieger, Ute Latza and Ulf Steinberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:184

    Published on:

  50. Content type: Research article

    Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is considered one of the commonest forms of knee pain. This study aimed to identify how physiotherapists in the United Kingdom (UK) currently manage patellofemoral pain (PFP), particu...

    Authors: Benjamin E. Smith, Paul Hendrick, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, James Selfe, Toby O. Smith and Pip Logan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:181

    Published on:

2017 Journal Metrics