Rehabilitation, physical therapy and occupational health

Section edited by J. Bart Staal

This section concerns all aspects of physical therapies and rehabilitation for musculoskeletal disorders. This section also considers studies concerning work-related musculoskeletal disorders and occupation health.

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  1. Study protocol

    Study protocol: a double blind randomised control trial of high volume image guided injections in Achilles and patellar tendinopathy in a young active population

    Chronic tendinopathy is a significant problem particularly in active populations limiting sporting and occupational performance. The prevalence of patellar tendinopathy in some sports is near 50% and the incid...

    Robert M. Barker-Davies, Alastair Nicol, I. McCurdie, James Watson, Polly Baker, Patrick Wheeler, Daniel Fong, Mark Lewis and Alexander N. Bennett

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:204

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  2. Research article

    A multimedia campaign to improve back beliefs in patients with non-specific low back pain: a process evaluation

    Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent and costly disorders worldwide. To reduce its burden in the Netherlands, implementation of a multidisciplinary guideline for LBP was supported by a multifaceted...

    Arnela Suman, Frederieke G. Schaafsma, Jiman Bamarni, Maurits W. van Tulder and Johannes R. Anema

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:200

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Physical therapists and importance of work participation in patients with musculoskeletal disorders: a focus group study

    Musculoskeletal disorders are a major health problem resulting in negative effects on wellbeing and substantial costs to society. Work participation is associated with positive benefits for both mental and phy...

    Nathan Hutting, Wiebke Oswald, J Bart Staal, Josephine A Engels, Elvira Nouwens, Maria WG Nijhuis van-der Sanden and Yvonne F Heerkens

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:196

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  4. Research article

    Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric analysis of the Arabic version of the oxford knee score in adult male with knee osteoarthritis

    There are varieties of self-assessment questionnaire used for the evaluation of pain, functional disability, and health related quality of life in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The present study i...

    Ahmad H. Alghadir, Einas S. Al-Eisa and Shahnawaz Anwer

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:190

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  5. Research article

    Predictors of response to prefabricated foot orthoses or rocker-sole footwear in individuals with first metatarsophalangeal joint osteoarthritis

    Osteoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (1st MTPJ OA) is a common and disabling condition commonly managed with footwear and orthotic interventions. The objective of this study was to identify fa...

    Hylton B. Menz, Maria Auhl, Jade M. Tan, Pazit Levinger, Edward Roddy and Shannon E. Munteanu

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:185

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  6. Research article

    Risk assessment of manual handling operations at work with the key indicator method (KIM-MHO) — determination of criterion validity regarding the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and clinical conditions within a cross-sectional study

    Manual handling operations (MHO) are known to be risk factors for work-related upper limb disorders (WRULDs), e.g. symptoms and conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome. To estimate the risk of WRULDs, a Key ...

    Andre Klussmann, Falk Liebers, Hansjürgen Gebhardt, Monika A. Rieger, Ute Latza and Ulf Steinberg

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:184

    Published on: 10 May 2017

  7. Research article

    Current management strategies for patellofemoral pain: an online survey of 99 practising UK physiotherapists

    Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is considered one of the commonest forms of knee pain. This study aimed to identify how physiotherapists in the United Kingdom (UK) currently manage patellofemoral pain (PFP), particu...

    Benjamin E. Smith, Paul Hendrick, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, James Selfe, Toby O. Smith and Pip Logan

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:181

    Published on: 8 May 2017

  8. Research article

    Restriction in lateral bending range of motion, lumbar lordosis, and hamstring flexibility predicts the development of low back pain: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies

    Low back pain (LBP) is an increasingly common condition worldwide with significant costs associated with its management. Identification of musculoskeletal risk factors that can be treated clinically before the...

    Sean G Sadler, Martin J Spink, Alan Ho, Xanne Janse De Jonge and Vivienne H Chuter

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:179

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Is the effectiveness of patellofemoral bracing modified by patellofemoral alignment and trochlear morphology?

    This study was performed to determine if the effectiveness of patellofemoral bracing as a treatment for patellofemoral osteoarthritis is influenced by patellofemoral joint alignment and trochlear morphology. W...

    Xi Zhang, Jillian P. Eyles, Joanna Makovey, Matthew J. Williams and David J. Hunter

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:168

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  10. Research article

    Urdu version of the neck disability index: a reliability and validity study

    Despite the wide use of the neck disability index (NDI) for assessing disability in patients with neck pain, the NDI has not yet been translated and validated in Urdu. The first purpose of the present study wa...

    Muhammad Nazim Farooq, Mohammad A. Mohseni-Bandpei, Syed Amir Gilani and Ambreen Hafeez

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:149

    Published on: 8 April 2017

  11. Research article

    Self-administered physical exercise training as treatment of neck and shoulder pain among military helicopter pilots and crew: a randomized controlled trial

    Neck pain is frequent among military helicopter pilots and crew-members, and pain may influence individual health and work performance. The aim of this study was to examine if an exercise intervention could re...

    Mike Murray, Britt Lange, Bo Riebeling Nørnberg, Karen Søgaard and Gisela Sjøgaard

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:147

    Published on: 7 April 2017

  12. Research article

    Is coracohumeral distance associated with pain-function, and shoulder range of movement, in chronic anterior shoulder pain?

    The aim of this study was twofold: (i) to assess the intrarater reliability of coracohumeral distance; (ii) to investigate the level of association between coracohumeral distance measured by ultrasonography, a...

    S. Navarro-Ledesma, F. Struyf, M. T. Labajos-Manzanares, M. Fernandez-Sanchez and A. Luque-Suarez

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:136

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  13. Study protocol

    Effectiveness of a physiotherapist delivered cognitive-behavioral patient education for patients who undergoes operation for total knee arthroplasty: a protocol of a randomized controlled trial

    Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is a common and generally effective procedure performed mainly due to advanced osteoarthritis, pain, physical disability and reduced quality of life. However, approximately 20% of...

    Sara Birch, Maiken Stilling, Inger Mechlenburg and Torben Bæk Hansen

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:116

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  14. Research article

    Clinically acceptable agreement between the ViMove wireless motion sensor system and the Vicon motion capture system when measuring lumbar region inclination motion in the sagittal and coronal planes

    Wireless, wearable, inertial motion sensor technology introduces new possibilities for monitoring spinal motion and pain in people during their daily activities of work, rest and play. There are many types of ...

    Hanne Leirbekk Mjøsund, Eleanor Boyle, Per Kjaer, Rune Mygind Mieritz, Tue Skallgård and Peter Kent

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:124

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  15. Study protocol

    Outcome of patients after lower limb fracture with partial weight bearing postoperatively treated with or without anti-gravity treadmill (alter G®) during six weeks of rehabilitation – a protocol of a prospective randomized trial

    Partial or complete immobilization leads to different adjustment processes like higher risk of muscle atrophy or a decrease of general performance. The present study is designed to prove efficacy of the anti-g...

    Ralf Henkelmann, Sebastian Schneider, Daniel Müller, Ralf Gahr, Christoph Josten and Jörg Böhme

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:104

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  16. Research article

    Benefits of resistance exercise in lean women with fibromyalgia: involvement of IGF-1 and leptin

    Chronic pain and fatigue improves by exercise in fibromyalgia (FM) but underlying mechanisms are not known. Obesity is increased among FM patients and associates with higher levels of pain. Symptom improvement...

    Jan L. Bjersing, Anette Larsson, Annie Palstam, Malin Ernberg, Indre Bileviciute-Ljungar, Monika Löfgren, Björn Gerdle, Eva Kosek and Kaisa Mannerkorpi

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:106

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  17. Study protocol

    Weight-loss and exercise for communities with arthritis in North Carolina (we-can): design and rationale of a pragmatic, assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial

    Recently, we determined that in a rigorously monitored environment an intensive diet-induced weight loss of 10% combined with exercise was significantly more effective at reducing pain in men and women with sy...

    Stephen P. Messier, Leigh F. Callahan, Daniel P. Beavers, Kate Queen, Shannon L. Mihalko, Gary D. Miller, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N. Katz, Richard F. Loeser, Sara A. Quandt, Paul DeVita, David J. Hunter, Mary F. Lyles, Jovita Newman, Betsy Hackney and Joanne M. Jordan

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:91

    Published on: 22 February 2017

  18. Research article

    Comparison of the Swedish STarT Back Screening Tool and the Short Form of the Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire in patients with acute or subacute back and neck pain

    Patients with back and neck pain are often seen in primary care and it is important to provide them with tailored interventions based on risk stratification/triage. The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBT) is a wid...

    Malin Forsbrand, Birgitta Grahn, Jonathan C. Hill, Ingemar F. Petersson, Charlotte Post Sennehed and Kjerstin Stigmar

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:89

    Published on: 21 February 2017

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