Rehabilitation, physical therapy and occupational health

Section edited by J. Bart Staal

This section concerns all aspects of physical therapies and rehabilitation for musculoskeletal disorders. This section also considers studies concerning work-related musculoskeletal disorders and occupation health.

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  1. Research article

    Second opinion for degenerative spinal conditions: an option or a necessity? A prospective observational study

    Second opinions may improve quality of patient care. The primary objective of this study was to determine the concordance between first and second diagnoses and opinions regarding need for spinal surgery among...

    Mario Lenza, Rachelle Buchbinder, Margaret P. Staples, Oscar F.P. dos Santos, Reynaldo A. Brandt, Claudio L. Lottenberg, Miguel Cendoroglo and Mario Ferretti

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:354

    Published on: 17 August 2017

  2. Research article

    The effect of targeted treatment on people with patellofemoral pain: a pragmatic, randomised controlled feasibility study

    Targeted treatment, matched according to specific clinical criteria e.g. hip muscle weakness, may result in better outcomes for people with patellofemoral pain (PFP). However, to ensure the success of future t...

    Benjamin T. Drew, Philip G. Conaghan, Toby O. Smith, James Selfe and Anthony C. Redmond

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:338

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  3. Research article

    Preferences and motivation for weight loss among knee replacement patients: implications for a patient-centered weight loss intervention

    Most knee replacement patients are overweight/obese, yet are commonly excluded from evidence-based weight loss programs due to mobility limitations and barriers faced around the time of surgery. The purpose of...

    Christine A. Pellegrini, Gwendolyn Ledford, Sara A. Hoffman, Rowland W. Chang and Kenzie A. Cameron

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:327

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  4. Research article

    “Blue flags”, development of a short clinical questionnaire on work-related psychosocial risk factors - a validation study in primary care

    Working conditions substantially influence health, work ability and sick leave. Useful instruments to help clinicians pay attention to working conditions are lacking in primary care (PC). The aim of this study...

    Charlotte Post Sennehed, Gunvor Gard, Sara Holmberg, Kjerstin Stigmar, Malin Forsbrand and Birgitta Grahn

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:318

    Published on: 24 July 2017

  5. Research article

    The effects of therapeutic hip exercise with abdominal core activation on recruitment of the hip muscles

    Core stabilization has been utilized for rehabilitation and prevention of lower limb musculoskeletal injuries. Previous studies showed that activation of the abdominal core muscles enhanced the hip muscle acti...

    Mandy KY Chan, Ka Wai Chow, Alfred YS Lai, Noble KC Mak, Jason CH Sze and Sharon MH Tsang

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:313

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  6. Research article

    Job retention vocational rehabilitation for employed people with inflammatory arthritis (WORK-IA): a feasibility randomized controlled trial

    Inflammatory arthritis leads to work disability, absenteeism and presenteeism (i.e. at-work productivity loss) at high cost to individuals, employers and society. A trial of job retention vocational rehabilita...

    Alison Hammond, Rachel O’Brien, Sarah Woodbridge, Lucy Bradshaw, Yeliz Prior, Kate Radford, June Culley, Diane Whitham and Ruth Pulikottil-Jacob

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:315

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  7. Research article

    Glenohumeral and scapulothoracic strength impairments exists in patients with subacromial impingement, but these are not reflected in the shoulder pain and disability index

    Pain and loss of function are cardinal symptoms associated with Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS), while the presence and magnitude of deficits in strength and range of motion (ROM) are largely undescribe...

    M.B. Clausen, A. Witten, K. Holm, K.B. Christensen, M.L. Attrup, P. Hölmich and K. Thorborg

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:302

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  8. Study protocol

    Alfredson versus Silbernagel exercise therapy in chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Midportion Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a common overuse injury, usually requiring several months of rehabilitation. Exercise therapy of the ankle plantar flexors (i.e. tendon loading) is considered crucial d...

    Bas Habets, Robert E. H. van Cingel, Frank J. G. Backx and Bionka M. A. Huisstede

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:296

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  9. Study protocol

    The effectiveness of the use of a digital activity coaching system in addition to a two-week home-based exercise program in patients after total knee arthroplasty: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    There is consistent evidence that supervised programs are not superior to home-based programs after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), especially in patients without complications. Home-based exercise programs are...

    Karen E. M. Harmelink, A. V. C. M. Zeegers, Thijs M. Tönis, Wim Hullegie, Maria W. G Nijhuis-van der Sanden and J Bart Staal

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:290

    Published on: 5 July 2017

  10. Research article

    How clinicians analyze movement quality in patients with non-specific low back pain: a cross-sectional survey study with Dutch allied health care professionals

    Observation of movement quality (MQ) is an indelible element in the process of clinical reasoning for patients with non-specific low back pain (NS-LBP). However, the observation and evaluation of MQ in common ...

    Margriet van Dijk, Nienke Smorenburg, Bart Visser, Yvonne F. Heerkens and Maria W.G. Nijhuis-van der Sanden

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:288

    Published on: 4 July 2017

  11. Research article

    Measuring individual hierarchy of anxiety invoking sports related activities: development and validation of the Photographic Series of Sports Activities for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (PHOSA-ACLR)

    Fear of harm (FoH) after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (ACLR) should be addressed in physical therapy as it hampers return to sports. However, there are no instruments assessing FoH specific for AC...

    Wim van Lankveld, Nicky van Melick, Bas Habets, Eefje Roelofsen, J. Bart Staal and Robert van Cingel

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:287

    Published on: 4 July 2017

  12. Research article

    Impact of exercise programs among helicopter pilots with transient LBP

    Flight related low back pain (LBP) among helicopter pilots is frequent and may influence flight performance. Prolonged confined sitting during flights seems to weaken lumbar trunk (LT) muscles with associated ...

    Knut Andersen, Roald Baardsen, Ingvild Dalen and Jan Petter Larsen

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:269

    Published on: 20 June 2017

  13. Research article

    Responsiveness and minimal important change of the Norwegian version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (DASH) in patients with subacromial pain syndrome

    The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire (DASH) is a valid and reliable patient-reported outcome measure (PROM). It was designed to measure physical disability and symptoms in patients wit...

    Tarjei Rysstad, Yngve Røe, Benjamin Haldorsen, Ida Svege and Liv Inger Strand

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:248

    Published on: 8 June 2017

  14. Study protocol

    The effects of arthritis gloves on people with Rheumatoid Arthritis or Inflammatory Arthritis with hand pain: a study protocol for a multi-centre randomised controlled trial (the A-GLOVES trial)

    Arthritis gloves are regularly provided as part of the management of people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and undifferentiated (early) inflammatory arthritis (IA). Usually made of nylon and elastane (i.e. Lycra®

    Yeliz Prior, Chris Sutton, Sarah Cotterill, Jo Adams, Elizabeth Camacho, Nazina Arafin, Jill Firth, Terence O’Neill, Yvonne Hough, Wendy Jones and Alison Hammond

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:224

    Published on: 30 May 2017

  15. Study protocol

    Study protocol: a double blind randomised control trial of high volume image guided injections in Achilles and patellar tendinopathy in a young active population

    Chronic tendinopathy is a significant problem particularly in active populations limiting sporting and occupational performance. The prevalence of patellar tendinopathy in some sports is near 50% and the incid...

    Robert M. Barker-Davies, Alastair Nicol, I. McCurdie, James Watson, Polly Baker, Patrick Wheeler, Daniel Fong, Mark Lewis and Alexander N. Bennett

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:204

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  16. Research article

    A multimedia campaign to improve back beliefs in patients with non-specific low back pain: a process evaluation

    Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent and costly disorders worldwide. To reduce its burden in the Netherlands, implementation of a multidisciplinary guideline for LBP was supported by a multifaceted...

    Arnela Suman, Frederieke G. Schaafsma, Jiman Bamarni, Maurits W. van Tulder and Johannes R. Anema

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:200

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  17. Research article

    Physical therapists and importance of work participation in patients with musculoskeletal disorders: a focus group study

    Musculoskeletal disorders are a major health problem resulting in negative effects on wellbeing and substantial costs to society. Work participation is associated with positive benefits for both mental and phy...

    Nathan Hutting, Wiebke Oswald, J Bart Staal, Josephine A Engels, Elvira Nouwens, Maria WG Nijhuis van-der Sanden and Yvonne F Heerkens

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:196

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  18. Research article

    Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric analysis of the Arabic version of the oxford knee score in adult male with knee osteoarthritis

    There are varieties of self-assessment questionnaire used for the evaluation of pain, functional disability, and health related quality of life in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The present study i...

    Ahmad H. Alghadir, Einas S. Al-Eisa and Shahnawaz Anwer

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:190

    Published on: 15 May 2017

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