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Rehabilitation, physical therapy and occupational health

This section concerns all aspects of physical therapies and rehabilitation for musculoskeletal disorders. This section also considers studies concerning work-related musculoskeletal disorders and occupation health.

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  1. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to compare the conservative and accelerated rehabilitation protocols in patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in terms of clinical o...

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Laura Risi Ambrogioni, Alessandra Berton, Vincenzo Candela, Filippo Migliorini, Arianna Carnevale, Emiliano Schena, Ara Nazarian, Joseph DeAngelis and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:637

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Although many people with chronic low back pain (LBP) improve following conservative treatment, one in five will experience worsening symptoms after discharge from treatment and seek health care again. The cur...

    Authors: Emma K. Ho, Manuela L. Ferreira, Adrian Bauman, Paul W. Hodges, Christopher G. Maher, Milena Simic, Rachael L. Morton, Chris Lonsdale, Qiang Li, Melissa T. Baysari, Anita B. Amorim, Dragana Ceprnja, Ornella Clavisi, Mark Halliday, Matthew Jennings, Alice Kongsted…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:611

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Psychological factors may impact recovery in patients undergoing treatment for shoulder complaints. The aim of this review is to systematically analyse the evidence for the effect of modifiable psychological f...

    Authors: Ali Sheikhzadeh, Maria M. Wertli, Shira Schecter Weiner, Eva Rasmussen-Barr and Sherri Weiser

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:560

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Open lower limb fractures are serious injuries requiring combined ortho-plastic surgery and have significantly worse outcomes than similar closed fractures. There is little objective published data to determin...

    Authors: Ian Pallister, Gregory Jack Handley, Sharon Maggs, Ann-Marie Davies, Amanda Kyle, Owen Bodger and Hywel Dafydd

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:539

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders negatively affect ability to perform activities of daily living, self-care and work. Therefore, outcome measurements that address muscle strength, fatigue resistance, ...

    Authors: Thaís Marques Fifolato, Heloísa Correa Bueno Nardim, Ester Rodrigues do Carmo Lopes, Karen A. Kawano Suzuki, Natalia Claro da Silva, Felipe de Souza Serenza and Marisa C. Registro Fonseca

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:508

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of targeted eccentric calf muscle exercises compared to regular training on ankle dorsiflexion in healthy adolescent soccer players with a decreased ankle ...

    Authors: Iris Femmigje Lagas, Duncan E. Meuffels, Edwin Visser, Floor P. Groot, Max Reijman, Jan A.N. Verhaar and Robert-Jan de Vos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:485

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Low back pain is often long-lasting, and implementation of low-cost interventions to improve care and minimise its burden is needed. GLA:D® Back is an evidence-based programme consisting of patient education a...

    Authors: Inge Ris, Daniel Broholm, Jan Hartvigsen, Tonny Elmose Andersen and Alice Kongsted

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:473

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Exercise is a common approach for the management of patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP). However, there is no clear mechanistic evidence or consensus on what type of exercise is more effecti...

    Authors: Maryse Fortin, Meaghan Rye, Alexa Roussac, Neda Naghdi, Luciana Gazzi Macedo, Geoffrey Dover, James M. Elliott, Richard DeMont, Michael H. Weber and Véronique Pepin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:472

    Content type: Study protocol

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  9. Neuromuscular and quadriceps exercises have been shown to be effective approaches to relieve pain and to improve function for patients with knee osteoarthritis. In this study, we aim to provide an informative ...

    Authors: Lin Wang, Suhang Xie, Tianjie Bao, Siyi Zhu, Qiu Liang, Xiaoyi Wang, Ruishi Zhang, Xiaona Xiang, Chunping Du and Chengqi He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:470

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Low-back pain, including facet joint pain, accounts for up to 20 % of all sick leaves in DenmarkA proposed treatment option is cryoneurolysis. This study aims to investigate the effect of cryoneurolysis in lum...

    Authors: K. Truong, K. Meier, L. Nikolajsen, M. W. van Tulder, J. C.H Sørensen and M. M Rasmussen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:458

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. There are large variations in symptoms and prognostic factors among patients sharing the same musculoskeletal (MSK) diagnosis, making traditional diagnostic labelling not very helpful in informing treatment or...

    Authors: Lene Aasdahl, Fredrik Granviken, Ingebrigt Meisingset, Astrid Woodhouse, Kari Anne I. Evensen and Ottar Vasseljen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:455

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:586

  12. A majority of individuals with osteoarthritis (OA) are insufficiently physically active. Self-monitoring with wearable activity trackers (WAT) could promote physical activity (PA), and increased knowledge of P...

    Authors: Elin Östlind, Anita Sant’Anna, Frida Eek, Kjerstin Stigmar and Eva Ekvall Hansson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:450

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Recurrent hemarthrosis that begin in childhood lead to progressive joint deterioration. Patients with haemophilia have chronic pain, functional disability and a reduced perception of health-related quality of ...

    Authors: Roberto Ucero-Lozano, José Antonio López-Pina, Alba Ortiz-Pérez and Rubén Cuesta-Barriuso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:448

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Isometric exercises for a flexed finger have been reported to be effective for treating trigger finger as the flexor tendon widens the space under the first annular (A1) pulley towards the palmar destination d...

    Authors: Shinya Tanaka, Kosuke Uehara, Ryota Sugimura, Toshiki Miura, Takashi Ohe, Sakae Tanaka and Yutaka Morizaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:421

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Chronic low back pain is the most frequent medical problem and the condition with the most years lived with disability in Western countries. The objective of this study was to assess a new treatment, Medi-Tapi...

    Authors: Stefan Schmidt, Nicolas Wölfle, Claudia Schultz, Dieter Sielmann, Roman Huber and Harald Walach

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:410

    Content type: Research article

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  16. As the primary treatment for adhesive capsulitis, intensive and accurate home exercise is as important as physical therapy in hospitals. Augmented reality (AR)-based telerehabilitation has been implemented rec...

    Authors: Seung Mi Yeo, Ji Young Lim, Jong Geol Do, Jae-Young Lim, Jong In Lee and Ji Hye Hwang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:386

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Rehabilitation is an effective procedure for promoting functional recovery after simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA); however, it has been cited as a significant economic burden of medical car...

    Authors: Shu Takagawa, Naomi Kobayashi, Yohei Yukizawa, Takayuki Oishi, Masaki Tsuji, Toshihiro Misumi and Yutaka Inaba

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:368

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Rehabilitation is seen as crucial in dealing with the demographic change in many European countries. In Germany, for example, after having stayed in a rehabilitation center, patients have the possibility to pa...

    Authors: Darko Jekauc, Sabine Rayling, Sara Klopp, Detlef Schmidt, Lena-Marie Rittmann and Julian Fritsch

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:366

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Over 90,000 total knee replacement (TKR) procedures are performed annually in the United Kingdom (UK). Patients awaiting TKR face long delays whilst enduring severe pain and functional limitations. Almost 20% ...

    Authors: Anna M. Anderson, Christine Comer, Toby O. Smith, Benjamin T. Drew, Hemant Pandit, Deborah Antcliff, Anthony C. Redmond and Gretl A. McHugh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:352

    Content type: Research article

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  20. En bloc resection of malignant tumors involving upper thoracic spine is technically difficult. We surgically treated a patient with grade 2 chondrosarcoma involving T1–5, left upper thoracic cavity, and chest ...

    Authors: Xiaodong Tang, Zhenyu Cai, Ruifeng Wang, Tao Ji and Wei Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:348

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment mononeuropathy of the upper extremity. The previous systematic review of the diagnostic tests for CTS was outdated. The objective of this study was to...

    Authors: Armaghan Dabbagh, Joy C. MacDermid, Joshua Yong, Tara L. Packham, Luciana G. Macedo and Maryam Ghodrati

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:337

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Recent clinical studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of specific, multidisciplinary, bio-psychosocial, rehabilitation programmes for chronic neck pain. However, prognostic factors for the improvement of...

    Authors: Martin Weigl, Josefine Letzel and Felix Angst

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:330

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Disrupted self-perception of the low back might contribute to chronic non-specific low back pain. The Fremantle back awareness questionnaire is a simple questionnaire to assess back specific self-perception. T...

    Authors: Axel Schäfer, Benedict M. Wand, Kerstin Lüdtke, Katja Ehrenbrusthoff and Thomas Schöttker-Königer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:323

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Exercise is recommended as a principal treatment for individuals with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). However, the best choice for an optimal exercise program able to promote long-term compliance in KOA patients is...

    Authors: Fenglan Wang, Xiaoli Zhang, Xiao Tong, Min Zhang, Fengmei Xing, Kun Yang, Nana Jiao and Zhiguang Duan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:313

    Content type: Research article

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  25. General physiotherapy is a common means of rehabilitation after surgery for proximal humeral fracture (PHF). Better-targeted exercises seem worthy of investigation and the aim of this study was to assess the e...

    Authors: Marco Monticone, Igor Portoghese, Daniele Cazzaniga, Valentina Liquori, Giuseppe Marongiu, Antonio Capone, Marcello Campagna and Giovanni Zatti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:293

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The study aims to identify whether Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combined with early physiotherapy has an advantage over PRP alone for rotator cuff injury patients, regarding pain release, function score, tear si...

    Authors: Chi Zhang, Jianxiong Wang, Li Wang, Yujie Xie, Fuhua Sun, Wei Jiang, Akira Miyamoto and Lei Lei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:292

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  27. Chronic low back pain is a multidimensional syndrome affecting physical activity and function, health-related quality of life and employment status. The aim of the study was to quantify the cross-sectional and...

    Authors: Thomas Benz, Susanne Lehmann, Achim Elfering, Peter S. Sandor and Felix Angst

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:291

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program is an evidence-based improvement over non-ERAS traditional care. The aim of the present study was to analyze the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of an ERAS prog...

    Authors: Zhong-En Li, Shi-Bao Lu, Chao Kong, Wen-Zhi Sun, Peng Wang and Si-Tao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:283

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Prolonged (excessive) sitting is detrimentally associated with cardiovascular, metabolic and mental health. Moreover, prolonged sitting has been associated with poor executive function, memory, attention and v...

    Authors: Baskaran Chandrasekaran, Arto J. Pesola, Chythra R. Rao and Ashokan Arumugam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:274

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  30. Delirium is a common complication of hip surgery patients. It is necessary to investigate the epidemiological characteristics and related risk factors of delirium after hip fracture surgery, to provide evidenc...

    Authors: Weifang Xu, Haiping Ma, Wang Li and Chen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:254

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Non - pharmacological management of migraine, tension-type headache (TTH), and cervicogenic headache (CGH) may include spinal manual therapy and exercise. Mulligan Manual Therapy (MMT) utilizes a protocol of h...

    Authors: Kiran Satpute, Nilima Bedekar and Toby Hall

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:243

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  32. To tailor physical activity treatment programs for patients with osteoarthritis, clinicians need valid and feasible measurement tools to evaluate habitual physical activity. The widely used International Physi...

    Authors: Kenth Louis Joseph, Hanne Dagfinrud, Anne Christie, Kåre Birger Hagen and Anne Therese Tveter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:232

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. To evaluate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) in perioperative nurses and to explore their association with personal characteristics.

    Authors: Marco Clari, Alessandro Godono, Giacomo Garzaro, Gianluca Voglino, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Giuseppe Migliaretti, Attilia Gullino, Catalina Ciocan and Valerio Dimonte

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:226

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short- and intermediate-term effects of the combined application of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) techniques and neuromuscular exercises of ...

    Authors: Konstantinos Mylonas, Pavlos Angelopoulos, Evdokia Billis, Elias Tsepis and Konstantinos Fousekis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:212

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:385

  35. Current health policy states that patients with osteoarthritis (OA) should mainly be managed in primary health care. Still, research shows that patients with hand OA have poor access to recommended treatment i...

    Authors: Ingvild Kjeken, Kjetil Bergsmark, Ida K. Haugen, Toril Hennig, Merete Hermann-Eriksen, Vivian Tryving Hornburg, Åshild Hove, Anne Prøven, Trine Amalie Sjøvold and Barbara Slatkowsky-Christensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:194

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  36. Proven treatments for low back pain, at best, only provide modest overall benefits. Matching people to treatments that are likely to be most effective for them may improve clinical outcomes and makes better us...

    Authors: Siew Wan Hee, Dipesh Mistry, Tim Friede, Sarah E. Lamb, Nigel Stallard, Martin Underwood and Shilpa Patel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:191

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Emerging evidence highlights the importance of preoperative expectations in predicting patient-reported outcomes of orthopedic surgeries. To date, it is still a matter of controversy whether patient satisfacti...

    Authors: Anne Kästner, Virginie S. C. Ng Kuet Leong, Frank Petzke, Stefan Budde, Michael Przemeck, Martin Müller and Joachim Erlenwein

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:180

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Annually in the UK, 40,000–90,000 people are involved in a traumatic incident. Severity of injury and how well people recover from their injuries varies, with physiotherapy playing a key role in the rehabilita...

    Authors: N. Middlebrook, N. R. Heneghan, D. Falla, L. Silvester, A. B. Rushton and A. A. Soundy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:163

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  39. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and common mental disorders (CMDs) are the most frequent reasons for long-term sick leave and work disability. Occupational rehabilitation programs are used to help employees r...

    Authors: Monica Eftedal, Torill H. Tveito, Ulrik Gensby, M. Kamrul Islam, Stein Atle Lie, Gro Aasland, Svein Kostveit and Chris Jensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:158

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  40. Neck and shoulder complaints are common in primary care physiotherapy. These patients experience pain and disability, resulting in high societal costs due to, for example, healthcare use and work absence. Cont...

    Authors: Mark L. van Tilburg, Corelien J. J. Kloek, Martijn F. Pisters, J. Bart Staal, Johanna M. van Dongen, Marjolein de Weerd, Raymond W. J. G. Ostelo, Nadine E. Foster and Cindy Veenhof

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:143

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  41. Our study compare the short and long-term efficacy of the intra articular injections (IAIs) of hyaluronic acid (HA), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF), and ozone in patients with...

    Authors: Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Parsa Ghazi Hosseini, Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Reza Salman Roghani, Mohammad Fathi, Azadeh Gharooee Ahangar and Mahtab Darvish

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:134

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. The Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) is a valid and reliable instrument that evaluates pain self-efficacy beliefs in people with pain conditions. However, it has not been validated and used in Ethiopia....

    Authors: Mulugeta Bayisa Chala, Catherine Donnelly, Yemataw Wondie, Setareh Ghahari and Jordan Miller

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:111

    Content type: Research article

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  43. There is evidence that people with persistent shoulder pain exhibit findings consistent with the presence of sensorimotor dysfunction. Sensorimotor impairments can manifest in a variety of ways, and further de...

    Authors: Tomohiko Nishigami, Akihisa Watanabe, Toshiki Maitani, Hayato Shigetoh, Akira Mibu, Benedict Martin Wand, Mark J. Catley, Tasha R. Stanton and G. Lorimer Moseley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:98

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Evidence has shown that velocity-specific exercise results in additional benefits for peripheral joint muscles by promoting their functions, however, its effects on spinal muscles are yet to be investigated. T...

    Authors: Sharon MH Tsang, Kenneth TK Chan, Parco LT Ho, Jacky CY Kwok, Daniel HT Tse and Henry HT Tsoi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:81

    Content type: Research article

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  45. To improve quality of care for patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA), general practitioners (GPs) and physiotherapists (PTs) in a Norwegian municipality initiated an intervention. The intervention aim...

    Authors: Nina Østerås, Irma Brandeggen Blaker, Tore Hjortland, Elizabeth Cottrell, Jonathan G. Quicke, Krysia S. Dziedzic, Steven Blackburn and Aksel Paulsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:79

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. We read with interest the article by Gomes et al. entitled: “Exercise program combined with electrophysical modalities in subjects with knee osteoarthritis: A randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial”. Gomes...

    Authors: Martin Bjørn Stausholm and Jan Magnus Bjordal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:71

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

    The Research article to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:258

  47. Neck pain is prevalent among office workers. This study evaluated the impact of an ergonomic and exercise training (EET) intervention and an ergonomic and health promotion (EHP) intervention on neck pain inten...

    Authors: Venerina Johnston, Xiaoqi Chen, Alyssa Welch, Gisela Sjøgaard, Tracy A. Comans, Megan McStea, Leon Straker, Markus Melloh, Michelle Pereira and Shaun O’Leary

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:68

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Guided rehabilitation beyond 6-months is rare following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), despite high prevalence of unacceptable symptoms and quality of life (QoL). Our primary aim was to dete...

    Authors: Brooke E. Patterson, Christian J. Barton, Adam G. Culvenor, Randall L. Cooper and Kay M. Crossley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:64

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. Authors: Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho, Fabiano Politti, Adriano Rodrigues de Oliveira, Cheila de Souza Bacelar Pereira, Aron Charles Barbosa da Silva and Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:59

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

    The Research article to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:258

  50. Hip osteoarthritis (OA) is a musculoskeletal condition that makes walking difficult due to pain induced by weight-bearing activities. Treadmills that support the body weight (BW) reduce the load on the lower l...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Kataoka, Tomohiro Shimizu, Ryo Takeda, Shigeru Tadano, Yuki Saito, Satoshi Osuka, Tomoya Ishida, Mina Samukawa, Tohru Irie, Daisuke Takahashi, Norimasa Iwasaki and Harukazu Tohyama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:46

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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