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Rehabilitation, physical therapy and occupational health

Section edited by J. Bart Staal

This section concerns all aspects of physical therapies and rehabilitation for musculoskeletal disorders. This section also considers studies concerning work-related musculoskeletal disorders and occupation health.

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  1. Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) are less physically active, spend more time sedentary and have lower cardiorespiratory endurance as compared to typically developed individuals. RaceRunning enables high-in...

    Authors: Emma Hjalmarsson, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, Cecilia Lidbeck, Alexandra Palmcrantz, Angel Jia, Ola Kvist, Eva Pontén and Ferdinand von Walden

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:193

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The treatment of first choice for lateral epicondylalgia humeri is conservative therapy. Recent findings indicate that spinal manual therapy is effective in the treatment of lateral epicondylalgia. We hypothes...

    Authors: Philipp Zunke, Alexander Auffarth, Wolfgang Hitzl and Mohamed Moursy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:186

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The Western Ontario Meniscal Evaluation Tool (WOMET) is the only questionnaire available to assess quality of life in patients with isolated meniscal injuries. The aims of this study were to prepare the Persia...

    Authors: Naghmeh Ebrahimi, Soofia Naghdi, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Shohreh Jalaie and Nasser Salsabili

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:183

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The incidence of rupture of the quadriceps or patellar tendon s is low, especially that of bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture, and it is generally considered a complication secondary to chronic systemic disor...

    Authors: Zhengbo Tao, Wenbo Liu, Weifeng Ma, Peng Luo, Shengpeng Zhi and Renyi Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:179

    Content type: Case report

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  5. The Dutch-Flemish PROMIS® Upper Extremity (DF-PROMIS-UE) V2.0 item bank was recently developed using Item Response Theory (IRT). Unknown for this bank are: (1) if it is legitimate to calculate IRT-based scores...

    Authors: C. M. Lameijer, S. G. J. van Bruggen, E. J. A. Haan, D. F. P. Van Deurzen, K. Van der Elst, V. Stouten, A. J. Kaat, L. D. Roorda and C. B. Terwee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:170

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Musculoskeletal pain is common in the working population and may affect the work ability, especially among those with high physical work demands. This study investigated the association between physical work d...

    Authors: Sebastian Venge Skovlund, Rúni Bláfoss, Emil Sundstrup and Lars L. Andersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:166

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Although education, exercise, and weight loss are recommended for management of knee osteoarthritis, the additional benefits of incorporating weight loss strategies into exercise interventions have not been we...

    Authors: Kim L. Bennell, Catherine Keating, Belinda J. Lawford, Alexander J. Kimp, Thorlene Egerton, Courtney Brown, Jessica Kasza, Libby Spiers, Joseph Proietto, Priya Sumithran, Jonathan G. Quicke, Rana S. Hinman, Anthony Harris, Andrew M. Briggs, Carolyn Page, Peter F. Choong…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:160

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Falls are a major cause of injury and death among older people. Evidence suggests that people with osteoarthritis (OA) are at a higher risk of falls and fall-related injuries including fractures. While studies...

    Authors: Sze-Ee Soh, Anna L. Barker, Renata T. Morello and Ilana N. Ackerman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:138

    Content type: Research article

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  9. This study aims to explore (i) physiotherapists’ current use in daily practice of patient-reported measurement instruments (screening tools and questionnaires) for patients with acute low back pain (LBP), (ii)...

    Authors: J. Knoop, W. van Lankveld, F. J. B. Geerdink, R. Soer and J. B. Staal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:120

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Sports participants are faced with the decision to continue or cease play when injured. The implications of playing sport while injured on joint health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not been i...

    Authors: Garrett S. Bullock, Gary S. Collins, Nick Peirce, Nigel K. Arden and Stephanie R. Filbay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:111

    Content type: Research article

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  11. There is a paucity of literature regarding the conservative management of adult scoliosis. The authors review and summarize the literature from 1967 to 2018 on the clinical outcomes of spinal brace/orthosis us...

    Authors: Jeb McAviney, Johanna Mee, Azharuddin Fazalbhoy, Juan Du Plessis and Benjamin T. Brown

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:87

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The present study aimed to compare the capabilities of preoperative usual and maximal gait speeds in predicting functional recovery in patients who have undergone total hip arthroplasty (THA).

    Authors: Manaka Shibuya, Yuta Nanri, Kentaro Kamiya, Kensuke Fukushima, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Naonobu Takahira, Masashi Takaso, Michinari Fukuda and Atsuhiko Matsunaga

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:84

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To evaluate the effects of the updated version of an evidence-based osteoarthritis (OA) resource and consumer hub, ‘My Joint Pain’ website, on health education and quality of care over 12 months.

    Authors: Xia Wang, Hema Urban, Kim L. Bennell, Chris Dickson, Fiona Dobson, Marlene Fransen, Graeme Jones and David J. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Total knee replacement (TKR) or total hip replacement (THR) are common and effective procedures in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) to restore physical function and reduce joint related pain. Patient educatio...

    Authors: Anja Stauber, Nadine Schüßler, Sarah Palmdorf, Nina Schürholz, David Bruns, Jürgen Osterbrink and Nadja Nestler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:71

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Simple bone cysts (SBCs) are common benign lytic bone lesions in children. This study focused on exploring a clinical treatment method, minimally invasive intramedullary decompression and drainage with elastic...

    Authors: Peng Zhang, Naiqiang Zhu, Lilong Du, Jihui Zheng, Sibin Hu and Baoshan Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:70

    Content type: Research article

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  16. A previous randomized clinical trial found that a Group Physical Therapy (PT) program for knee osteoarthritis yielded similar improvements in pain and function compared with traditional individual PT. Based on...

    Authors: Kelli D. Allen, Brandon Sheets, Dennis Bongiorni, Ashley Choate, Cynthia J. Coffman, Helen Hoenig, Kim Huffman, Elizabeth P. Mahanna, Eugene Z. Oddone, Courtney Van Houtven, Virginia Wang, Sandra Woolson and Susan N. Hastings

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Referral letters from primary care contain a large amount of information that could be used to improve the appropriateness of the referral pathway for individuals seeking specialist opinion for knee or hip pai...

    Authors: Kate Button, Irena Spasić, Rebecca Playle, David Owen, Mandy Lau, Liam Hannaway and Stephen Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:66

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Non-adherence to physical therapy ranges from 14 to 70%. This could adversely affect physical functioning and requires careful monitoring. Studies that describe designing and validation of adherence measuring ...

    Authors: Atta Abbas Naqvi, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Syed Baqir Shyum Naqvi, Sadia Shakeel, Madiha Zia, Mustajab Fatima, Wajiha Iffat, Irfanullah Khan, Amnah Jahangir and Muhammad Nehal Nadir

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:65

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The use of opioids to relieve chronic pain has increased during the last decades, but experiences of chronic opioid therapy (COT) (> 90 days) point at risks and loss of beneficial effects. Still, some patients...

    Authors: Hanna Ljungvall, Annica Rhodin, Sofia Wagner, Hedvig Zetterberg and Pernilla Åsenlöf

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:61

    Content type: Research article

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  20. To describe the frequency and the distribution of degenerative disc disease (DDD) detected in athletes who underwent spine MRI in the 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.

    Authors: Mohamad Abdalkader, Ali Guermazi, Lars Engebretsen, Frank W. Roemer, Mohamed Jarraya, Daichi Hayashi, Michel D. Crema and Asim Z. Mian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:45

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Osteotomies in the cervical spine are technically challenging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the modified pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) technique at C7 to be used for the t...

    Authors: Yichen Meng, Jun Ma, Lun Shu, Jia Yin, Rui Gao, Ce Wang and Xuhui Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:28

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is characterized by bone fragility, and features such as blue sclerae, dentinogenesis imperfecta, hearing loss, ligamentous laxity and short stature can be present. It has long bee...

    Authors: Arjan G. J. Harsevoort, Koert Gooijer, Fleur S. van Dijk, Daniëlle A. F. M. van der Grijn, Anton A. M. Franken, Anne Marieke V. Dommisse and Guus J. M. Janus

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:6

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Many patients will seek care from a podiatrist for plantar heel pain (PHP), while few of these patients will also be seen by a physical therapist. Physical therapists can provide treatment that is not a part o...

    Authors: Shane M. McClinton, Bryan C. Heiderscheit, Thomas G. McPoil and Timothy W. Flynn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:630

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Musculoskeletal disorders, and in particular low-back pain (LBP), are common among blue collar workers. In the work environment, both physical- and psychosocial risk factors exist. Working in warehouses in Den...

    Authors: Rúni Bláfoss, Per Aagaard and Lars Louis Andersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:626

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Patellar tendinopathy is an extremely debilitating condition and its treatment usually requires a combination of clinical approaches. Therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) is one of the most available electrophysical a...

    Authors: Julio Fernandes de Jesus, Tadeu Aldrovando Brihy de Albuquerque, Leandro Girardi Shimba, Flavio Fernandes Bryk, Jill Cook and Carlos Eduardo Pinfildi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:624

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Evaluating the strength of the small muscles of the foot may be useful in a variety of clinical applications but is challenging from a methodology standpoint. Previous efforts have focused primarily on the fun...

    Authors: Dustin A. Bruening, Sarah T. Ridge, Julia L. Jacobs, Mark T. Olsen, Dallin W. Griffin, Drew H. Ferguson, Kirk E. Bassett and A. Wayne Johnson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:608

    Content type: Technical advance

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  27. The purpose of this study was to clarify whether there is a synergistic effect on muscular strength and hypertrophy when low-intensity resistance training is performed after heat stress.

    Authors: Masatoshi Nakamura, Tomoichi Yoshida, Ryosuke Kiyono, Shigeru Sato and Nobushige Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:603

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Patients waiting or recovering from total joint arthroplasty (TJA) are at risk for falls which can lead to restriction of activity and negatively impact recovery. The objective of this scoping review is to cri...

    Authors: Serena Kuangyi Chen, Don Voaklander, Danielle Perry and C. Allyson Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:599

    Content type: Research article

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  29. To improve the goal-directedness of strength exercises for patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA), physical rehabilitation specialists need to know which muscle-groups are most substantially weakened across t...

    Authors: K. Vårbakken, H. Lorås, K. G. Nilsson, M. Engdal and A. K. Stensdotter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:593

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Hip fracture is an important and prevalent medical condition associated with adverse outcomes. The aim of this article is to systematically review and summarise the predictors of poor functional outcomes and m...

    Authors: Bang Yu Xu, Shi Yan, Lian Leng Low, Farhad Fakhrudin Vasanwala and Sher Guan Low

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:568

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Femoral shaft fractures represent common fractures of the lower limb in the paediatric population. The objectives of our study were to analyse the static plantar pressure and functional capacity in children wi...

    Authors: Elena Amăricăi, Oana Suciu, Roxana Ramona Onofrei, Emil Radu Iacob, Daniela Iacob, Călin Marius Popoiu, Marius Negru, Oana Belei, Luminița Bădițoiu and Eugen Boia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:565

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The prevalence of low back pain is rising among the young adult population. Altered lumbar muscle tone was suggested to be associated with underlying pathologies and symptoms. To date, there is minimum informa...

    Authors: Wai Leung Ambrose Lo, Qiuhua Yu, Yurong Mao, Wenfeng Li, Chengpeng Hu and Le Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:559

    Content type: Research article

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  33. This meta-analysis aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and complications of minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) and open reduction–internal fixation (ORIF) in patients with proximal humeral fract...

    Authors: Feilong Li, Xuqiang Liu, Fuqiang Wang, Zhiping Gu, Qianyuan Tao, Cong Yao, Xuwen Luo and Tao Nie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:550

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Altered thickness, cross-sectional area and activity of deep neck muscles have frequently been reported in patients with chronic non-specific neck pain (CNNP). It is claimed that these muscles do not recover s...

    Authors: Pegah Kashfi, Noureddin Karimi, Anneli Peolsson and Leila Rahnama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:540

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Children and young people make up an age group most vulnerable to falls. Various stability disorders may become instrumental in sustaining more frequent falls and resultant fractures. Correct morphological str...

    Authors: Beata Szczepanowska-Wolowiec, Paulina Sztandera, Ireneusz Kotela and Marek Zak

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:537

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In cases of neck and shoulder pain, the responsibility for assessing work prognosis is held by clinicians with access to different domains of information. One of these domains is magnetic resonance imaging (MR...

    Authors: Line Thorndal Moll, Anne Mette Schmidt, Christina Malmose Stapelfeldt, Merete Labriola, Ole Kudsk Jensen, Morten Wasmod Kindt, Tue Secher Jensen and Berit Schiøttz-Christensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:525

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Pain neuroscience education (PNE) has been shown to reduce pain or psychological symptoms in patients with chronic pain and preoperative knee osteoarthritis; however, the evidence of its effectiveness in hospi...

    Authors: Naoki Deguchi, Yoshiyuki Hirakawa, Shota Izawa, Kazuhito Yokoyama, Keito Muraki, Ryouiti Oshibuti and Yasuki Higaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:516

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is prevalent and often associated with meniscal tear. Physical therapy (PT) and exercise regimens are often used to treat OA or meniscal tear, but, to date, few programs have been desi...

    Authors: Clare E. Safran-Norton, James K. Sullivan, James J. Irrgang, Hannah M. Kerman, Kim L. Bennell, Gary Calabrese, Leigh Dechaves, Brian Deluca, Alexandra B. Gil, Madhuri Kale, Brittney Luc-Harkey, Faith Selzer, Derek Sople, Peter Tonsoline, Elena Losina and Jeffrey N. Katz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:514

    Content type: Correspondence

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  39. The Back Beliefs Questionnaire (BBQ) is a 14-item patient-reported questionnaire that measures attitudes and beliefs about the consequences of back pain. The BBQ has recently been translated into Norwegian, bu...

    Authors: Alexander Tingulstad, Rikke Munk, Margreth Grotle, Ørjan Vigdal, Kjersti Storheim and Birgitta Langhammer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:510

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Lateral epicondylalgia (tennis elbow) is a common, debilitating and often treatment-resistant condition. Two treatments thought to address the pathology of lateral epicondylalgia are hypertonic glucose plus li...

    Authors: Michael Yelland, David Rabago, Michael Ryan, Shu-Kay Ng, Dinusha Vithanachchi, Nagarajan Manickaraj and Leanne Bisset

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:509

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of technology-assisted rehabilitation following total hip/knee replacement (THR/TKR).

    Authors: Xia Wang, David J. Hunter, Giovana Vesentini, Daniel Pozzobon and Manuela L. Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:506

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Chronic musculoskeletal pain affects more than 20% of the population, and the prevalence is increasing, causing suffering, loss of quality of life, disability, and an enormous expenditure on healthcare resourc...

    Authors: Miguel A. Galán-Martín, Federico Montero-Cuadrado, Enrique Lluch-Girbes, M. Carmen Coca-López, Agustín Mayo-Iscar and Antonio Cuesta-Vargas

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:505

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Exercise therapy is recommended for knee osteoarthritis (OA), but the underlying mechanisms of pain relief are not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of exercise on muscle p...

    Authors: Elisabeth Bandak, Mikael Boesen, Henning Bliddal, Robert G. C. Riis, Sabrina Mai Nielsen, Louise Klokker, Cecilie Bartholdy, Janus Damm Nybing and Marius Henriksen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The global burden of chronic pain is growing with implications for both an ageing workforce and employers. Many obstacles are faced by people with chronic pain in finding employment and returning to work after...

    Authors: Mary Grant, Sophie Rees, Martin Underwood and Robert Froud

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:486

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In 2005, the German Association of Occupational Accident Insurance Funds (DGUV) defined radiological evaluation criteria for the assessment of degenerative occupational diseases of the lumbar spine. These incl...

    Authors: Benjamin Ulmar, Julia Wölfle-Roos, Tugrul Kocak and Alexander Brunner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:485

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Rates of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) procedures in younger, more medically complex patients have dramatically increased over the last several decades. No study has examined categorization of lower and higher...

    Authors: Jesse C. Christensen, Andrew J. Kittelson, Brian J. Loyd, Michael A. Himawan, Charles A. Thigpen and Jennifer E. Stevens-Lapsley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:483

    Content type: Research article

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