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Rehabilitation, physical therapy and occupational health

This section concerns all aspects of physical therapies and rehabilitation for musculoskeletal disorders. This section also considers studies concerning work-related musculoskeletal disorders and occupation health.

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  1. The objective of the study was to compare the effects of neuromobilization (NM) techniques and routine physiotherapy on pain and functional disability in patients having shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). Pr...

    Authors: Muhammad Akhtar, Hossein Karimi, Syed Amir Gilani, Ashfaq Ahmad and Asim Raza

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:770

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Models of care for managing total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA, THA) incorporating early mobilisation are associated with shorter acute length-of-stay (LOS). Few studies have examined the effect of implementi...

    Authors: Happy Chua, Bernadette Brady, Melissa Farrugia, Natalie Pavlovic, Shaniya Ogul, Danella Hackett, Dimyana Farag, Anthony Wan, Sam Adie, Leeanne Gray, Michelle Nazar, Wei Xuan, Richard M. Walker, Ian A. Harris and Justine M. Naylor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:765

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Globally, the leading cause of years lived with disability is low back pain (LBP). Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is responsible for most of the cost and disability associated with LBP. This is more devastating ...

    Authors: Chinonso Nwamaka Igwesi-Chidobe, Sheila Kitchen, Isaac Olubunmi Sorinola and Emma Louise Godfrey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:755

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The prevalence and economic burdens of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are serious in rural China. In addition to formal support, health-related private transfers (HRPTs), including adult children transfers (A...

    Authors: Chaoyang Yan, Aichun Li, Qin Xiang and Jing Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:747

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Rotator cuff related pain (RCRP) is one of the most common sources of musculoskeletal shoulder pain affecting the general population. Conservative treatment, in the form of exercise, is considered the first li...

    Authors: Rafael Baeske, Toby Hall and Marcelo Faria Silva

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:744

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  6. Muscle strength training is a common strategy for treating chronic ankle instability (CAI), but the effectiveness decreases for mechanical ankle instability (MAI) patients with initial severe ligament injuries...

    Authors: Zong-chen Hou, Xin Miao, Ying-fang Ao, Yue-lin Hu, Chen Jiao, Qin-wei Guo, Xing Xie, Feng Zhao, Yan-bin Pi, Nan Li, Zhi-yu Zhang and Dong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:730

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Considerable attention has been paid to the role of kinesiophobia with respect to knee prosthesis but it has not yet been studied as a prognostic factor of short-term functional performance following total hip...

    Authors: M. Morri, E. Venturini, N. Franchini, R. Ruisi, A. Culcasi, A. Ruggiero, C. Govoni and M. G. Benedetti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:724

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Range of abduction often decreases during Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease (LCPD) disease. However, a good range of abduction is required during the course of LCPD, especially when containment surgery should be perf...

    Authors: Ahmad El-Harbiti and Yasmin D. Hailer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:718

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The Pictorial Fear of Activity Scale-Cervical (PFActS-C) is a reliable and valid instrument to assess fear of movement in people with whiplash associated disorders. It is not available in Dutch and has not bee...

    Authors: Maaike Kragting, Lennard Voogt, Koen I. Neijenhuijs, Annelies L. Pool-Goudzwaard and Michel W. Coppieters

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:708

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is the most prevalent orthopedic problem in active young adults. Due to its multifactorial etiology, a variety of therapeutic measures have been adopted to treat PFP, including exerci...

    Authors: Ebrahim Rasti, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi, Naghmeh Ebrahimi and Mohammad Reza Sobhan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:705

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy of corticosteroid trigger point injection (TPI) versus extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on inferior trigger points in the quadratus lumborum (QL) muscle.

    Authors: Bina Eftekharsadat, Negar Fasaie, Dina Golalizadeh, Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Fatemeh Jahanjou, Yashar Eslampoor and Neda Dolatkhah

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:695

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Knee Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of global disability. The Collaborative Model of Care between Orthopaedics and Allied Healthcare Professionals (CONNACT) Model of Care (MoC) was developed by optimizing...

    Authors: Bryan Yijia Tan, Michelle Jessica Pereira, Su-Yin Yang, David J. Hunter, Soren Thorgaard Skou, Julian Thumboo and Josip Car

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:684

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  13. The aim of this study was to determine whether computer-aided training (CAT) of motor tasks would increase muscle activity and change its spatial distribution in a patient with a bilateral upper-limb congenita...

    Authors: Katarzyna Kisiel-Sajewicz, Jarosław Marusiak, Mónica Rojas-Martínez, Damian Janecki, Sławomir Chomiak, Łukasz Kamiński, Joanna Mencel, Miguel Ángel Mañanas, Artur Jaskólski and Anna Jaskólska

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:682

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  14. Physiotherapist-led (PT-led) orthopaedic triage is an evolving model of care for patients with musculoskeletal disorders. Objectives for this study were to establish the current evidence body on the impact of ...

    Authors: K. S. Samsson, K. Grimmer, M. E. H. Larsson, J. Morris and S. Bernhardsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:673

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Substantial investment has gone into research on the efficacy and effectiveness of pharmaceutical and nonpharmacologic interventions for chronic pain. However, synthesizing this extensive literature is challen...

    Authors: Patricia M. Herman, Maria O. Edelen, Anthony Rodriguez, Lara G. Hilton and Ron D. Hays

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:671

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  16. Identify and establish consensus regarding potential prognostic factors for the development of chronic pain after a first episode of idiopathic, non-traumatic neck pain.

    Authors: Martine Verwoerd, Harriet Wittink, Francois Maissan and Rob Smeets

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:656

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Osteoarthritis is one of the most common chronic joint diseases, mostly affecting the knee or hip through pain, joint stiffness and decreased physical functioning in daily life. Regular physical activity (PA) ...

    Authors: Anne Maria Sjoerdtje de Hoop, Corelien Jacoba Johanna Kloek, Martijn Frits Pisters and Cindy Veenhof

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:651

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Neck proprioception is critical in maintaining neuromuscular control in and around cervical joints. Kinesio™ tape may assist in rehabilitating joint position sense. The current study compares Kinesio™ tape’s e...

    Authors: Khalid A. Alahmari, Ravi Shankar Reddy, Jaya Shanker Tedla, Paul Silvian Samuel, Venkata Nagaraj Kakaraparthi, Kanagaraj Rengaramanujam and Irshad Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:648

    Content type: Research article

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  19. To explore the effectiveness of preoperative rehabilitation programmes (PreHab) on postoperative physical and psychological outcomes following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).

    Authors: Hayley M. Carter, Chris Littlewood, Kate E. Webster and Benjamin E. Smith

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:647

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Resuming driving is a common concern among patients undergoing hip arthroscopy. The present study aimed to assess whether patients who had undergone right hip arthroscopy presented with poorer driving performa...

    Authors: Suenghwan Jo, Sang Hong Lee, Se Woong Jang, Hyun Bai Choi, Ba Rom Kim, Jae Han Jeong and Soo Ah Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:643

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Curved periacetabular osteotomy (CPO) was developed to treat acetabular dysplasia. Given that CPO can improve physical function in the early post-operative period, patients might be able to participate in spor...

    Authors: Yoshiki Takahashi, Naonobu Takahira, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Kensuke Fukushima, Mitsutoshi Moriya, Manaka Shibuya, Kouji Tsuda, Kiyoshi Tozaki, Sho Kudo, Hiroaki Kaneda, Junya Sekita and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:637

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Temporary occlusal changes and their influence on the upper body statics are still controversially discussed. Furthermore, concrete statements on whether age- or gender-specific differences in neurophysiologic...

    Authors: C. Maurer-Grubinger, I. Avaniadi, F. Adjami, W. Christian, C. Doerry, V. Fay, V. Fisch, A. Gerez, J. Goecke, U. Kaya, J. Keller, D. Krüger, J. Pflaum, L. Porsch, C. Wischnewski, B. Scharnweber…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:636

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Low-back pain (LBP) is highly prevalent among senior workers and may affect work ability, especially among those with hard physical work. This study determined the joint association of LBP intensity and physic...

    Authors: Patrick Pascal Nygaard, Sebastian Venge Skovlund, Emil Sundstrup and Lars Louis Andersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:622

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Recovery trajectories support early identification of delayed recovery and can inform personalized management or phenotyping of risk profiles in patients. The objective of this study was to investigate the tra...

    Authors: Joshua Y. Lee, David M. Walton, Paul Tremblay, Curtis May, Wanda Millard, James M. Elliott and Joy C. MacDermid

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:615

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Work problems are common in people with inflammatory arthritis. Up to 50% stop work within 10 years due to their condition and up to 67% report presenteeism (i.e. reduced work productivity), even amongst those...

    Authors: Alison Hammond, Chris Sutton, Sarah Cotterill, Sarah Woodbridge, Rachel O’Brien, Kate Radford, Denise Forshaw, Suzanne Verstappen, Cheryl Jones, Antonia Marsden, Martin Eden, Yeliz Prior, June Culley, Paula Holland, Karen Walker-Bone, Yvonne Hough…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:607

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  26. The presence of muscular deficiency seems to be a major cause of back pain that requires counteractions. Considering that the autochthonous back muscles, responsible for straightening and stabilizing the spine...

    Authors: Christian Pfeifle, Melanie Edel, Stefan Schleifenbaum, Andreas Kühnapfel and Christoph-Eckhard Heyde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:597

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Empirical evidence that demonstrates the relationship between pelvic asymmetry and non-specific chronic low back pain (NCLBP) is currently lacking.

    Authors: Qiuhua Yu, Huanjie Huang, Zhou Zhang, Xiaoqian Hu, Wenfeng Li, Le Li, Min Chen, Zhenwen Liang, Wai Leung Ambrose Lo and Chuhuai Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:596

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Osteoarthritis is a leading cause of global disability resulting in significant morbidity and cost to the healthcare system. Current guidelines recommend lifestyle changes such exercises and weight loss as fir...

    Authors: Bryan Yijia Tan, Benjamin Tze Keong Ding, Michelle Jessica Pereira, Soren Thorgaard Skou, Julian Thumboo and Josip Car

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:592

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The impact of work-related musculoskeletal symptoms (WMSS) permeates various occupations.

    Authors: Chinenye Doris Oluka, Esther Obidike, Antoninus Obinna Ezeukwu, Ogochukwu Kelechi Onyeso and Echezona Nelson Dominic Ekechukwu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:587

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Patellofemoral pain is a prevalent condition in the general population, especially in women, and produces functional impairment in patients. Therapeutic exercise is considered an essential part of the conserva...

    Authors: Angel Yañez-Álvarez, Beatriz Bermúdez-Pulgarín, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez and Manuel Albornoz-Cabello

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:582

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Pressure biofeedback unit (PBU) is a widely used non-invasive device to assist core muscle training by providing pressure feedback. The aim this study was to compare the muscle activities of transverse abdomin...

    Authors: Xin Li, Wai Leung Ambrose Lo, Song-wei Lu, Howe Liu, Ke-yu Lin, Jian-yang Lai, Le Li and Chu-huai Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:569

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Osteoarthritis (OA) disproportionately impacts African Americans compared to Caucasians, including greater pain severity. The Pain Coping Skills Training for African Americans with Osteoarthritis (STAART) study e...

    Authors: Chamara J. Dharmasri, Ida Griesemer, Liubov Arbeeva, Lisa C. Campbell, Crystal W. Cené, Francis J. Keefe, Eugene Z. Oddone, Tamara J. Somers and Kelli D. Allen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:545

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Physiotherapy is a proven effective treatment strategy after total knee and hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA), however there is considerable practice variation regarding its timing, content and duration. This study a...

    Authors: Lichelle Groot, Maaike G.J. Gademan, Wilfred F. Peter, Wilbert B. van den Hout, Hennie Verburg, Thea P.M. Vliet Vlieland and Max Reijman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:544

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  34. Headache is a common and costly health problem. Although the pathogenesis of headache is heterogeneous, reported contributing factors are dysfunctions of the upper cervical spine. The flexion rotation test (FR...

    Authors: Kerstin Luedtke, Thomas Schoettker-Königer, Toby Hall, Christine Reimer, Maike Grassold, Petra Hasselhoff-Styhler, Christian Neulinger, Max Obrocki, Philipp Przyhoda and Axel Schäfer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:535

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:624

  35. Although the regression of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation (SLDH) has been widely reported, little data exist regarding the generalized incidence of regression (IR). We aimed to review the varying IRs and t...

    Authors: Yi Wang, Guogang Dai, Ling Jiang and Shichuan Liao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:530

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Sustaining injury is a common consequence of playing sport. At least one in every three recreational athletes with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction do not return to their preinjury sport followi...

    Authors: Clare L. Ardern and Joanna Kvist

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:523

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  37. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a global problem that causes significant pain and physical dysfunction, substantially impacting on quality of life and imposing enormous cost to the healthcare system. Exercise is p...

    Authors: Rana S. Hinman, Alexander J. Kimp, Penny K. Campbell, Trevor Russell, Nadine E. Foster, Jessica Kasza, Anthony Harris and Kim L. Bennell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:522

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  38. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) affects mostly older adults and its primary risk factor is obesity. This study sought to understand weight-control strategies, facilitators of and barriers toward weight control in old...

    Authors: Wen-Ling Yeh, Yun-Fang Tsai, Kuo-Yao Hsu, Dave Weichih Chen, Jong-Shyan Wang and Ching-Yen Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:504

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. The Valued Life Activities Scale (VLAs) measures difficulty in daily activities and social participation. With various versions involving a different number of items, we have linguistically and culturally adop...

    Authors: Y. Prior, A. Tennant, S. Tyson and A. Hammond

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:505

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Little research exists on the effectiveness of motivational interviewing (MI) on return to work (RTW) in workers on long term sick leave. The objectives of this study protocol is to describe a randomized contr...

    Authors: Britt Elin Øiestad, Fiona Aanesen, Ida Løchting, Kjersti Storheim, Alexander Tingulstad, Tarjei L. Rysstad, Milada C. Småstuen, Anne Therese Tveter, Gail Sowden, Gwenllian Wynne-Jones, Egil A. Fors, Maurits van Tulder, Rigmor C. Berg, Nadine E. Foster and Margreth Grotle

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:496

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  41. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common pediatric spinal deformity with reported complications including pain, mental health concern and respiratory dysfunction. The scoliosis-specific exercis...

    Authors: Yunli Fan, Qing Ren, Michael Kai Tsun To and Jason Pui Yin Cheung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:495

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Clinicians and patients lack an evidence-based framework by which to judge individual-level recovery following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery, thus impeding personalized treatment approaches for this el...

    Authors: Andrew J. Kittelson, Jordi Elings, Kathryn Colborn, Thomas J. Hoogeboom, Jesse C. Christensen, Nico L. U. van Meeteren, Stef van Buuren and Jennifer E. Stevens-lapsley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:482

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Low back pain (LBP) is the second highest cause of health burden in China. Delayed recovery, poor clinical outcomes and persistence of LBP are associated with negative pain beliefs about LBP. Chinese philosoph...

    Authors: YiJun Li, Michel W. Coppieters, Jenny Setchell, Paul W. Hodges and Gwendolyne G. M. Scholten-Peeters

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:476

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Exercise is recommended for individuals with vertebral fractures, but few studies have investigated the effect of exercise on outcomes of importance for this population. Post-intervention effects of exercise a...

    Authors: Brita Stanghelle, Hege Bentzen, Lora Giangregorio, Are Hugo Pripp, Dawn A. Skelton and Astrid Bergland

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:471

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. The aim of this study was to investigate the content validity including item reduction, construct validity and internal consistency of the existing 16-item Knee Osteoarthritis Patient Education Questionnaire. ...

    Authors: Erika O. Huber, Axel Boger, André Meichtry and Caroline H. Bastiaenen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:468

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. To aid design of exercise trials for people with pelvic and lower limb fragility fractures a systematic review was conducted to identify what types of exercise interventions and mobility outcomes have been ass...

    Authors: David J. Keene, Colin Forde, Thavapriya Sugavanam, Mark A. Williams and Sarah E. Lamb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:435

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Design modifications in prostheses may cause alterations in gait kinematics, thus influencing functional restoration of knees after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of the study was to investigate the di...

    Authors: Mengyuan Li, Guangtao Fu, Wenhan Huang, Bofu Lin, Ruiying Zhang, Yu Zhang, Yuanchen Ma and Qiujian Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:434

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Regular exercise is vital for overall health, and key to the maintenance of joint health. However, whilst people are encouraged to participate in sport and exercise, many are unaware that they could be at risk...

    Authors: Ross Watkins, Georgina Young, Max Western, Keith Stokes and Carly McKay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:419

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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