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Rehabilitation, physical therapy and occupational health

This section concerns all aspects of physical therapies and rehabilitation for musculoskeletal disorders. This section also considers studies concerning work-related musculoskeletal disorders and occupation health.

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  1. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short- and intermediate-term effects of the combined application of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) techniques and neuromuscular exercises of ...

    Authors: Konstantinos Mylonas, Pavlos Angelopoulos, Evdokia Billis, Elias Tsepis and Konstantinos Fousekis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:212

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Current health policy states that patients with osteoarthritis (OA) should mainly be managed in primary health care. Still, research shows that patients with hand OA have poor access to recommended treatment i...

    Authors: Ingvild Kjeken, Kjetil Bergsmark, Ida K. Haugen, Toril Hennig, Merete Hermann-Eriksen, Vivian Tryving Hornburg, Åshild Hove, Anne Prøven, Trine Amalie Sjøvold and Barbara Slatkowsky-Christensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:194

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Proven treatments for low back pain, at best, only provide modest overall benefits. Matching people to treatments that are likely to be most effective for them may improve clinical outcomes and makes better us...

    Authors: Siew Wan Hee, Dipesh Mistry, Tim Friede, Sarah E. Lamb, Nigel Stallard, Martin Underwood and Shilpa Patel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:191

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Emerging evidence highlights the importance of preoperative expectations in predicting patient-reported outcomes of orthopedic surgeries. To date, it is still a matter of controversy whether patient satisfacti...

    Authors: Anne Kästner, Virginie S. C. Ng Kuet Leong, Frank Petzke, Stefan Budde, Michael Przemeck, Martin Müller and Joachim Erlenwein

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:180

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Annually in the UK, 40,000–90,000 people are involved in a traumatic incident. Severity of injury and how well people recover from their injuries varies, with physiotherapy playing a key role in the rehabilita...

    Authors: N. Middlebrook, N. R. Heneghan, D. Falla, L. Silvester, A. B. Rushton and A. A. Soundy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:163

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and common mental disorders (CMDs) are the most frequent reasons for long-term sick leave and work disability. Occupational rehabilitation programs are used to help employees r...

    Authors: Monica Eftedal, Torill H. Tveito, Ulrik Gensby, M. Kamrul Islam, Stein Atle Lie, Gro Aasland, Svein Kostveit and Chris Jensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:158

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Neck and shoulder complaints are common in primary care physiotherapy. These patients experience pain and disability, resulting in high societal costs due to, for example, healthcare use and work absence. Cont...

    Authors: Mark L. van Tilburg, Corelien J. J. Kloek, Martijn F. Pisters, J. Bart Staal, Johanna M. van Dongen, Marjolein de Weerd, Raymond W. J. G. Ostelo, Nadine E. Foster and Cindy Veenhof

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:143

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Our study compare the short and long-term efficacy of the intra articular injections (IAIs) of hyaluronic acid (HA), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF), and ozone in patients with...

    Authors: Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Parsa Ghazi Hosseini, Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Reza Salman Roghani, Mohammad Fathi, Azadeh Gharooee Ahangar and Mahtab Darvish

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:134

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) is a valid and reliable instrument that evaluates pain self-efficacy beliefs in people with pain conditions. However, it has not been validated and used in Ethiopia....

    Authors: Mulugeta Bayisa Chala, Catherine Donnelly, Yemataw Wondie, Setareh Ghahari and Jordan Miller

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:111

    Content type: Research article

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  10. There is evidence that people with persistent shoulder pain exhibit findings consistent with the presence of sensorimotor dysfunction. Sensorimotor impairments can manifest in a variety of ways, and further de...

    Authors: Tomohiko Nishigami, Akihisa Watanabe, Toshiki Maitani, Hayato Shigetoh, Akira Mibu, Benedict Martin Wand, Mark J. Catley, Tasha R. Stanton and G. Lorimer Moseley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:98

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Evidence has shown that velocity-specific exercise results in additional benefits for peripheral joint muscles by promoting their functions, however, its effects on spinal muscles are yet to be investigated. T...

    Authors: Sharon MH Tsang, Kenneth TK Chan, Parco LT Ho, Jacky CY Kwok, Daniel HT Tse and Henry HT Tsoi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:81

    Content type: Research article

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  12. To improve quality of care for patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA), general practitioners (GPs) and physiotherapists (PTs) in a Norwegian municipality initiated an intervention. The intervention aim...

    Authors: Nina Østerås, Irma Brandeggen Blaker, Tore Hjortland, Elizabeth Cottrell, Jonathan G. Quicke, Krysia S. Dziedzic, Steven Blackburn and Aksel Paulsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:79

    Content type: Research article

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  13. We read with interest the article by Gomes et al. entitled: “Exercise program combined with electrophysical modalities in subjects with knee osteoarthritis: A randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial”. Gomes...

    Authors: Martin Bjørn Stausholm and Jan Magnus Bjordal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:71

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The Research article to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:258

  14. Neck pain is prevalent among office workers. This study evaluated the impact of an ergonomic and exercise training (EET) intervention and an ergonomic and health promotion (EHP) intervention on neck pain inten...

    Authors: Venerina Johnston, Xiaoqi Chen, Alyssa Welch, Gisela Sjøgaard, Tracy A. Comans, Megan McStea, Leon Straker, Markus Melloh, Michelle Pereira and Shaun O’Leary

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:68

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Guided rehabilitation beyond 6-months is rare following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), despite high prevalence of unacceptable symptoms and quality of life (QoL). Our primary aim was to dete...

    Authors: Brooke E. Patterson, Christian J. Barton, Adam G. Culvenor, Randall L. Cooper and Kay M. Crossley

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:64

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Authors: Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho, Fabiano Politti, Adriano Rodrigues de Oliveira, Cheila de Souza Bacelar Pereira, Aron Charles Barbosa da Silva and Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:59

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

    The Research article to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:258

  17. Arthritis (or compression) gloves are widely prescribed to people with rheumatoid arthritis and other forms of hand arthritis. They are prescribed for daytime wear to reduce hand pain and improve hand function...

    Authors: Alison Hammond, Yeliz Prior, Sarah Cotterill, Chris Sutton, Elizabeth Camacho, Calvin Heal, Jo Adams, Yvonne Hough, Terence W. O’Neill and Jill Firth

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:47

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Hip osteoarthritis (OA) is a musculoskeletal condition that makes walking difficult due to pain induced by weight-bearing activities. Treadmills that support the body weight (BW) reduce the load on the lower l...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Kataoka, Tomohiro Shimizu, Ryo Takeda, Shigeru Tadano, Yuki Saito, Satoshi Osuka, Tomoya Ishida, Mina Samukawa, Tohru Irie, Daisuke Takahashi, Norimasa Iwasaki and Harukazu Tohyama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:46

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The effect of hyperalgesia on functionality remains uncertain for individuals with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). This study aimed examine the clinical measures and hyperalgesia’s effect on muscle activity, knee r...

    Authors: Jéssica Garcia Jorge, Ana Luiza Costa e Silva Cabral, Vanessa Martins Pereira Silva Moreira, Wallisen Tadashi Hattori and Valdeci Carlos Dionisio

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:45

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Musculoskeletal disorders are among the major reasons for years lived with disability. Approximately one third of the European working population report lower-extremity discomfort and many attribute these disc...

    Authors: Lars-Kristian Lunde, Suzanne Merkus, Markus Koch, Stein Knardahl, Morten Wærsted and Kaj Bo Veiersted

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:43

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Health-care workers have an increased risk for chronic low back pain (LBP) leading to reduced workability. Depression, a highly prevalent, costly and disabling condition, is commonly seen in patients with sub-...

    Authors: J. H. Suni, T. Virkkunen, P. Husu, K. Tokola, J. Parkkari and M. Kankaanpää

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:37

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Low back pain (LBP) and knee osteoarthritis (OA) are major contributors to disability worldwide. These conditions result in a significant burden at both individual and societal levels. Engagement in regular ph...

    Authors: Carlos I. Mesa-Castrillon, Milena Simic, Manuela L. Ferreira, Kristy Hatswell, Georgina Luscombe, Antonio Michell de Gregorio, Phillip R. Davis, Adrian Bauman, Stephen Bunker, Ornella Clavisi, Grahame Knox, Kim L. Bennell and Paulo H. Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:11

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Extended scope physiotherapists (ESP) are increasingly supplementing orthopaedic surgeons (OS) in diagnosing patients with musculoskeletal disorders. Studies have reported satisfactory diagnostic and treatment...

    Authors: Merete Nørgaard Madsen, Maria Lange Kirkegaard, Thomas Martin Klebe, Charlotte Lorenzen Linnebjerg, Søren Martin Riis Villumsen, Stine Junge Due, Jeanette Trøstrup, Camilla Blach Rossen, Hans Okkels Birk, Brian Elmengaard and Lone Ramer Mikkelsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:4

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Care pathways are generally paper-based and can cause communication failures between multidisciplinary teams, potentially compromising the safety of the patient. Computerized care pathways may facilitate bette...

    Authors: Jason Talevski, Viviana Guerrero-Cedeño, Oddom Demontiero, Pushpa Suriyaarachchi, Derek Boersma, Sara Vogrin, Sharon Brennan-Olsen and Gustavo Duque

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:837

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is widely used to treat tendon injuries. Its therapeutic effect varies depending on the different cell components, and white blood cells (WBCs) may play an important role in this phe...

    Authors: Ming Zhou, Ning Wang, Gang Wang, Zishan Jia and Xiaolei Qi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:831

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Musculoskeletal Diseases (MSDs) are among the most prevalent health problems encountered in the workforce in Europe. Multiple risk factors contribute to their onset. In the present study, different individual ...

    Authors: Beatriz Rodriguez Diez-Caballero, Joaquín Alfonso-Beltrán, Iker J. Bautista and Carlos Barrios

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:818

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Low back pain (LBP) is the first cause of years lived with disability worldwide. This is due to the development of chronic pain. Thus, it is necessary to identify the best therapeutic approaches in the acute p...

    Authors: Claudia Côté-Picard, Jean Tittley, Catherine Mailloux, Kadija Perreault, Catherine Mercier, Clermont E. Dionne, Jean-Sébastien Roy and Hugo Massé-Alarie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:814

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  28. Hamstring shortening may have negative impacts on function and biomechanics of knee and hip joints and lumbo-pelvic rhythm. Many interventions are believed to correct hamstring to its normal length. There are ...

    Authors: MohammadBagher Shamsi, Maryam Mirzaei, Soodeh Shahsavari, Ameneh Safari and Morteza Saeb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:809

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Skeletal dysplasias are rare disorders often leading to severe short stature. This study aimed to gain new comprehensive information about functioning and equality in people affected by skeletal dysplasia comp...

    Authors: Hanna Hyvönen, Heidi Anttila, Susanna Tallqvist, Minna Muñoz, Sanna Leppäjoki-Tiistola, Antti Teittinen, Outi Mäkitie and Sinikka Hiekkala

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:808

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Non-surgical multidisciplinary management is often the first pathway of care for patients with chronic low back pain (LBP). This study explores if patient characteristics recorded at the initial service examin...

    Authors: Shaun O’Leary, Maree Raymer, Peter Window, Patrick Swete Kelly, Darryl Lee, Linda Garsden, Rebecca Tweedy, Ben Phillips, Will O’Sullivan, Anneke Wake, Alison Smith, Sheryl Pahor, Luen Pearce, Rod McLean, David Thompson, Erica Williams…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:807

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) is a heterogeneous condition that is associated with complex neuromuscular adaptations. Exercise is a widely administered treatment, but its effects are small to mode...

    Authors: Katharina van Baal, Jana Allofs, Katja Ehrenbrusthoff, Christian Grüneberg, Thomas Hering, Christian Kopkow and Christian Thiel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:794

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Musculoskeletal pain is globally a leading cause of physical disability. Many musculoskeletal-related pain conditions, such as low back pain, often resolve spontaneously. In some individuals, pain may recur or...

    Authors: MEH Larsson, L. Nordeman, K. Holmgren, A. Grimby-Ekman, G. Hensing, C. Björkelund, S. Bergman, A. Ekhammar, M. Dottori and S. Bernhardsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:790

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. The purpose of this prospective case series study was to compare changes in early postoperative physical activity and physical function between 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months after lumbar spine surgery.

    Authors: Rogelio A. Coronado, Hiral Master, Daniel K. White, Jacquelyn S. Pennings, Mackenzie L. Bird, Clinton J. Devin, Maciej S. Buchowski, Shannon L. Mathis, Matthew J. McGirt, Joseph S. Cheng, Oran S. Aaronson, Stephen T. Wegener and Kristin R. Archer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:783

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Although risk-stratifying patients with acute lower back pain is a promising approach for improving long-term outcomes, efforts to implement stratified care in the US healthcare system have had limited success...

    Authors: Addie Middleton, G. Kelley Fitzgerald, Anthony Delitto, Robert B. Saper, Katherine Gergen Barnett and Joel Stevans

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:776

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The objective of the study was to compare the effects of neuromobilization (NM) techniques and routine physiotherapy on pain and functional disability in patients having shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). Pr...

    Authors: Muhammad Akhtar, Hossein Karimi, Syed Amir Gilani, Ashfaq Ahmad and Asim Raza

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:770

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Models of care for managing total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA, THA) incorporating early mobilisation are associated with shorter acute length-of-stay (LOS). Few studies have examined the effect of implementi...

    Authors: Happy Chua, Bernadette Brady, Melissa Farrugia, Natalie Pavlovic, Shaniya Ogul, Danella Hackett, Dimyana Farag, Anthony Wan, Sam Adie, Leeanne Gray, Michelle Nazar, Wei Xuan, Richard M. Walker, Ian A. Harris and Justine M. Naylor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:765

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Globally, the leading cause of years lived with disability is low back pain (LBP). Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is responsible for most of the cost and disability associated with LBP. This is more devastating ...

    Authors: Chinonso Nwamaka Igwesi-Chidobe, Sheila Kitchen, Isaac Olubunmi Sorinola and Emma Louise Godfrey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:755

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The prevalence and economic burdens of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are serious in rural China. In addition to formal support, health-related private transfers (HRPTs), including adult children transfers (A...

    Authors: Chaoyang Yan, Aichun Li, Qin Xiang and Jing Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:747

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Rotator cuff related pain (RCRP) is one of the most common sources of musculoskeletal shoulder pain affecting the general population. Conservative treatment, in the form of exercise, is considered the first li...

    Authors: Rafael Baeske, Toby Hall and Marcelo Faria Silva

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:744

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  40. Muscle strength training is a common strategy for treating chronic ankle instability (CAI), but the effectiveness decreases for mechanical ankle instability (MAI) patients with initial severe ligament injuries...

    Authors: Zong-chen Hou, Xin Miao, Ying-fang Ao, Yue-lin Hu, Chen Jiao, Qin-wei Guo, Xing Xie, Feng Zhao, Yan-bin Pi, Nan Li, Zhi-yu Zhang and Dong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:730

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Considerable attention has been paid to the role of kinesiophobia with respect to knee prosthesis but it has not yet been studied as a prognostic factor of short-term functional performance following total hip...

    Authors: M. Morri, E. Venturini, N. Franchini, R. Ruisi, A. Culcasi, A. Ruggiero, C. Govoni and M. G. Benedetti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:724

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Range of abduction often decreases during Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease (LCPD) disease. However, a good range of abduction is required during the course of LCPD, especially when containment surgery should be perf...

    Authors: Ahmad El-Harbiti and Yasmin D. Hailer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:718

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The Pictorial Fear of Activity Scale-Cervical (PFActS-C) is a reliable and valid instrument to assess fear of movement in people with whiplash associated disorders. It is not available in Dutch and has not bee...

    Authors: Maaike Kragting, Lennard Voogt, Koen I. Neijenhuijs, Annelies L. Pool-Goudzwaard and Michel W. Coppieters

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:708

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is the most prevalent orthopedic problem in active young adults. Due to its multifactorial etiology, a variety of therapeutic measures have been adopted to treat PFP, including exerci...

    Authors: Ebrahim Rasti, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi, Naghmeh Ebrahimi and Mohammad Reza Sobhan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:705

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy of corticosteroid trigger point injection (TPI) versus extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on inferior trigger points in the quadratus lumborum (QL) muscle.

    Authors: Bina Eftekharsadat, Negar Fasaie, Dina Golalizadeh, Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Fatemeh Jahanjou, Yashar Eslampoor and Neda Dolatkhah

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:695

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Knee Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of global disability. The Collaborative Model of Care between Orthopaedics and Allied Healthcare Professionals (CONNACT) Model of Care (MoC) was developed by optimizing...

    Authors: Bryan Yijia Tan, Michelle Jessica Pereira, Su-Yin Yang, David J. Hunter, Soren Thorgaard Skou, Julian Thumboo and Josip Car

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:684

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  47. The aim of this study was to determine whether computer-aided training (CAT) of motor tasks would increase muscle activity and change its spatial distribution in a patient with a bilateral upper-limb congenita...

    Authors: Katarzyna Kisiel-Sajewicz, Jarosław Marusiak, Mónica Rojas-Martínez, Damian Janecki, Sławomir Chomiak, Łukasz Kamiński, Joanna Mencel, Miguel Ángel Mañanas, Artur Jaskólski and Anna Jaskólska

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:682

    Content type: Case report

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  48. Physiotherapist-led (PT-led) orthopaedic triage is an evolving model of care for patients with musculoskeletal disorders. Objectives for this study were to establish the current evidence body on the impact of ...

    Authors: K. S. Samsson, K. Grimmer, M. E. H. Larsson, J. Morris and S. Bernhardsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:673

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. Substantial investment has gone into research on the efficacy and effectiveness of pharmaceutical and nonpharmacologic interventions for chronic pain. However, synthesizing this extensive literature is challen...

    Authors: Patricia M. Herman, Maria O. Edelen, Anthony Rodriguez, Lara G. Hilton and Ron D. Hays

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:671

    Content type: Study protocol

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  50. Identify and establish consensus regarding potential prognostic factors for the development of chronic pain after a first episode of idiopathic, non-traumatic neck pain.

    Authors: Martine Verwoerd, Harriet Wittink, Francois Maissan and Rob Smeets

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:656

    Content type: Research article

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