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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy (FELD) is an alternative to posterior open surgery to treat a high-grade migrated herniated disc. However, because of the complexity of the surgery, success is dependent on th...

    Authors: Christopher Wu, Ching-Yu Lee, Sheng Chi Chen, Shao-Keh Hsu and Meng-Huang Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:58

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Tibial shaft fractures (TSFs) are among the most common long bone injuries often resulting from high-energy trauma. To date, musculoskeletal complications such as fracture-related infection (FRI) and compromis...

    Authors: Willem-Jan Metsemakers, Kirsten Kortram, Nando Ferreira, Mario Morgenstern, Alexander Joeris, Hans-Christoph Pape, Christian Kammerlander, Sanjit Konda, Jong-Keon Oh, Peter V. Giannoudis, Kenneth A. Egol, William T. Obremskey, Michael H. J. Verhofstad and Michael Raschke

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:57

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. No studies to date have elucidated the clinical factors associated with pedicle screw pull-out during or immediately after surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of pedicle screw pull-out b...

    Authors: Satoshi Sumiya, Kazuyuki Fukushima, Yoshiro Kurosa, Takashi Hirai, Hiroyuki Inose, Toshitaka Yoshii and Atsushi Okawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:55

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Temporary hemiepiphysiodesis (TH) using an eight-Plate implant is one of the most common surgeries used for the correction of coronal angular deformities around the knee in adolescents. However, few studies ha...

    Authors: Zhen-Zhen Dai, Zhen-Peng Liang, Hao Li, Jing Ding, Zhen-Kai Wu, Zi-Ming Zhang and Hai Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:53

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Transthyretin and immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidoses cause amyloid deposition throughout various organ systems. Recent evidence suggests that soft tissue amyloid deposits may lead to orthopedic conditions ...

    Authors: Austin E. Wininger, Brian M. Phelps, Jessica T. Le, Joshua D. Harris, Barry H. Trachtenberg and Shari R. Liberman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:51

    Content type: Research article

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  6. This study aims to compare conservative versus surgical management for patients with full-thickness RC tear in terms of clinical and structural outcomes at 1 and 2 years of follow-up.

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Laura Risi Ambrogioni, Vincenzo Candela, Alessandra Berton, Arianna Carnevale, Emiliano Schena and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:50

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:752

  7. Aseptic loosening of glenoid implants is the primary revision cause in anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA). While supported by biomechanical studies, the impact of glenoid bone quality, more specifical...

    Authors: Sandrine Mariaux, Raphaël Obrist, Alain Farron, Fabio Becce and Alexandre Terrier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:49

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The introduction of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) as a treatment option in complex proximal humeral fractures, has significantly extended the surgical armamentarium.

    Authors: AM Schwarz, GM Hohenberger, M Sauerschnig, M Niks, G Lipnik, G Mattiassich, M Zacherl, FJ Seibert and M Plecko

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:48

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Thoracic scoliosis has been shown to be associated with hypokyphosis in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). However, the relationship of sagittal spino-pelvic parameters with different coronal curve pattern...

    Authors: Trixie Mak, Prudence Wing Hang Cheung, Teng Zhang and Jason Pui Yin Cheung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:44

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head is a common complication in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). While functional outcomes of affected patients are good in childhood, it is not clear ho...

    Authors: Avi Marks, Mario Cortina-Borja, Dror Maor, Aresh Hashemi-Nejad and Andreas Roposch

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:42

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The aim of this study was that to compare clinical results between the rounded rectangular femoral tunnel ACL reconstruction (RFTR) and the conventional round femoral tunnel ACL reconstruction using a hamstrin...

    Authors: Junsuke Nakase, Yasushi Takata, Kengo Shimozaki, Kazuki Asai, Rikuto Yoshimizu, Mitsuhiro Kimura and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:38

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The Ilizarov segmental bone transport technique can be applied in the reconstruction of the bone defects with less invasive fashion and more versatility compared to other methods, while most studies were focus...

    Authors: Yanshi Liu, Maimaiaili Yushan, Zhenhui Liu, Jialin Liu, Chuang Ma and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:36

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Large post-traumatic tibial bone defects combined with soft tissue defects are a common orthopedic clinical problem associated with poor outcomes when treated using traditional surgical methods. The study was ...

    Authors: Yong-Qing Xu, Xin-Yu Fan, Xiao-Qing He and Hong-Jie Wen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:34

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:130

  14. Labral tear can be the initiating factor in the onset of hip osteoarthritis (HOA). However, the physiopathology of labral tear is not fully understood. Our aim was to compare synovial tissue inflammatory cytok...

    Authors: Tomohisa Koyama, Kentaro Uchida, Kensuke Fukushima, Yoshihisa Ohashi, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Gen Inoue, Naonobu Takahira and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:33

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of a fluted tapered modular distal-fixation stem at medium to long-term follow-up. The hypothesis of this investigation was to verify...

    Authors: Loris Perticarini, Stefano Marco Paolo Rossi, Alberto Fioruzzi, Eugenio Jannelli, Mario Mosconi and Francesco Benazzo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:29

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To evaluate the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic tight fibrous band release in the treatment of adult moderate-to-severe gluteal fibrosis using anterior and posterior portals during mid-term follow-up.

    Authors: Shu-guang Gao, Wei-jie Liu, Ming Yang, Jing-ping Li, Chao Su, Shi-da Kuang, Jie-peng Xiong, Ke Chou, Zhi-yong He and Liang-jun Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:28

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The conventional infrapatellar approach to intramedullary nailing of tibial fractures adopts the supine high-flexion knee position. However, this has disadvantages including difficulty in obtaining the proxima...

    Authors: Jinzhu Zhao, Liang Qu, Peng Li, Changlong Tan and Chunsheng Tao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:25

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Degenerative cartilage changes can be seen, in cases of lateral patellar compression syndrome, involving the patellofemoral joint. Hyaluronic acid is a natural component of the synovial fluid and responsible f...

    Authors: Sherwan A. Hamawandi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:24

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Of late, periarticular analgesic injection (PAI) has become a common alternative treatment for pain following total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the systemic effects of PAI containing corticosteroids in pa...

    Authors: Akira Hashimoto, Motoki Sonohata, Hirohito Hirata, Shunsuke Kawano, Shuichi Eto, Masaya Ueno and Masaaki Mawatari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:19

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Utilization of a cage with a large footprint in lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) for the treatment of spondylolisthesis leads to a high fusion rate and neurological improvement owing to the indirect deco...

    Authors: Masanari Takami, Ryo Taiji, Motohiro Okada, Akihito Minamide, Hiroshi Hashizume and Hiroshi Yamada

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:17

    Content type: Technical advance

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  21. To assess the risk factors for blood transfusion in a great number of adolescent cases with different types of scoliosis who received scoliosis surgery.

    Authors: Yulei Dong, Ning Tang, Shengru Wang, Jianguo Zhang and Hong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:13

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This study compared the clinical and functional outcomes of patients initially treated with observation or medical treatment with those of patients treated with local treatment (surgery alone or surgery with a...

    Authors: Shinji Tsukamoto, Piergiuseppe Tanzi, Andreas F. Mavrogenis, Manabu Akahane, Akira Kido, Yasuhito Tanaka, Marilena Cesari, Davide Maria Donati, Alessandra Longhi and Costantino Errani

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:12

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Bone cement leakage is a major complication in the treatment of percutaneous vertebroplasty for Kümmell’s disease, and the focus of close attention during the surgery. The purpose of this article was to invest...

    Authors: Ya-Ping Xiao, Ming-Jian Bei, Cui-Qing Yan and Jian-Zhong Chang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:10

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Thoracic ossification of ligamentum flavum (T-OLF), as one of the causes of thoracic myelopathy, is often combined with other spinal disorders. Concurrent lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LCS) is often obscured b...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Yamada, Shigeo Shindo, Toshitaka Yoshii, Shuta Ushio, Kazuo Kusano, Norihiko Miyake, Yoshiyasu Arai, Kazuyuki Otani, Atsushi Okawa and Osamu Nakai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:7

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Antibiotic-loaded bone cement, or antibiotic-impregnated polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), were developed to prevent and treat bone and joint infections. Gentamicin is an antibiotic that is commonly used in combi...

    Authors: Wongthawat Liawrungrueang, Suwipa Ungphaiboon, Arnurai Jitsurong, Natnicha Ingviya, Boonsin Tangtrakulwanich and Varah Yuenyongviwat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:5

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Restoration of joint congruity is an important factor for the prevention of subsequent arthritis in patients with Bennett’s fracture. Surgical treatment of Bennett’s fracture is thus generally recommended for ...

    Authors: Yaobin Yin, Yanqing Wang, Zhilong Wang, Wenrui Qu, Wen Tian and Shanlin Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:3

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To compare the efficacy of three different fixation methods of fibula combined with external fixation of tibia for the treatment of extra-articular open fractures of distal tibia and fibula.

    Authors: Dong-Dong Sun, Dan Lv, Kun Zhou, Jian Chen, Li-Lan Gao and Ming-Lin Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Periacetabular osteotomy is a successful treatment for hip dysplasia. The results are influenced, however, by optimal positioning of the acetabular fragment, femoral head morphology and maybe even femoral vers...

    Authors: Jens Goronzy, Lea Franken, Albrecht Hartmann, Falk Thielemann, Sophia Blum, Klaus-Peter Günther, Jörg Nowotny and Anne Postler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:846

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Reconstruction of the Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) using tendon grafting is an established method for restoring knee function and stability. Multiple methods are established for graft fixation. Several inv...

    Authors: Y. Bangert, A. Jaber, F. Wünnemann, G. Berrsche, N. Streich, C. Rehnitz, H. Ott and A. Barié

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:844

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The treatment of vertical femoral neck fractures (vFNFs) in young patients remains challenging, with a high complication rate by using traditional techniques. The use of cannulated screws (CSs) combined with a...

    Authors: Shi Zhan, Dajun Jiang, Jian Xu, Ming Ling, Kai Yang, Yuehua Li, Weitao Jia, Hai Hu and Changqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:842

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Our study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes and survival rates following porous tantalum rod surgery (PTRS) and conversion total hip arthroplasty (THA) subsequent to failed PTRS.

    Authors: Mincong He, Qiushi Wei, Zhenqiu Chen, Fan Yang, Xiaojun Chen, Yi-Xian Qin, Bin Fang and Wei He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:841

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The kinematic alignment (KA) technique in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) aims to restore the native alignment of pre-disease knee joint anatomy. Determining the individualized alignment targets is crucial for p...

    Authors: Cheng-En Hsu, Jen-Ting Huang, Kwok-Man Tong and Kui-Chou Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:839

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Low-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma (LGMS) is described as a distinct atypical myofibroblastic tumor often with fibromatosis-like features and predilection for the head and neck, especially the oral cavity and l...

    Authors: Hirotaka Yonezawa, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Mickhael Bang Langit, Hiroaki Kimura, Shingo Shimozaki, Takashi Kato, Sei Morinaga, Yoshihiro Araki, Yohei Asano, Hiroko Ikeda, Takayuki Nojima and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:836

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Severe acetabular defects require special treatment with either impaction bone grafting, metal augmented cups or cup-cage constructs. Even these options are often not adequate, especially in hips with Paprosky...

    Authors: Michael S. Gruber, Michael Jesenko, Julia Burghuber, Josef Hochreiter, Peter Ritschl and Reinhold Ortmaier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:835

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There are some difficulties in treating proximal scaphoid nonunion, mainly including poor vascularity of the proximal scaphoid fragment and limited space for a stable fixation in the proximal scaphoid fragment...

    Authors: Jung-Pan Wang, Hui-Kuang Huang and Jui-Tien Shih

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:834

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Lateral recess stenosis (LRS) is a common degenerative disease in the elderly. Since the rise of comorbidity is associated with increasing age, transforaminal endoscopic lateral recess decompression (TE-LRD) i...

    Authors: Boyu Wu, Chengjie Xiong, Biwang Huang, Dongdong Zhao, Zhipeng Yao, Yawei Yao, Feng Xu and Hui Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:829

    Content type: Research article

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  37. An understanding of the insertional footprints of the capsular ligaments of the hip is important for preserving hip function and stability given the increasing number of minimally invasive hip surgeries being ...

    Authors: Yasuaki Tamaki, Tomohiro Goto, Keizo Wada, Daisuke Hamada, Yoshihiro Tsuruo and Koichi Sairyo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:828

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Transoral atlantoaxial reduction plate (TARP) fixation or occipitocervical fixation (OF) is an effective treatment for basilar invagination (BI) with irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (IAAD). But, all curre...

    Authors: Xiaobao Zou, Bieping Ouyang, Haozhi Yang, Binbin Wang, Su Ge, Yuyue Chen, Ling Ni, Shuang Zhang, Hong Xia, Jingcheng Yang and Xiangyang Ma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:825

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The debate between anterior or posterior approach for pathologies such as cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) have drawn heated debate but are s...

    Authors: Suzanna Sum Sum Kwok and Jason Pui Yin Cheung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:823

    Content type: Review

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  40. Genicular nerve blockade is a possible treatment for patients with knee osteoarthritis. Pain relief and improvement in functioning is expected. This procedure could be of major interest for patients in low-inc...

    Authors: Julien Lebleu, Loic Fonkoue, Eric Bandolo, Herman Fossoh, Philippe Mahaudens, Olivier Cornu and Christine Detrembleur

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:822

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In the setting of congenital C1 occipitalization and C2–3 fusion, significant strain is placed on the atlantoaxial joint. Vertebral fusion both above and below the atlantoaxial joint (i.e., a “sandwich”) creat...

    Authors: Yinglun Tian, Nanfang Xu, Ming Yan, Peter G. Passias, Frank A. Segreto and Shenglin Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:821

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Cubitus varus is a complex three-dimensional deformity. Various osteotomies have been introduced to correct this complex deformity. The objective of the present study was to evaluate clinical and functional ou...

    Authors: Jung Ryul Kim, Yoong Jae Moon and Sung Il Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:820

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The critical shoulder angle (CSA), which helps to predict patients who are at risk of rotator cuff tears (RCTs) with large degree and who are susceptible to osteoarthritis with low angle, has been identified a...

    Authors: Yi Long, Jingyi Hou, Yiyong Tang, Fangqi Li, Menglei Yu, Congda Zhang and Rui Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:819

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. Implants made from bioabsorbable unsintered hydroxyapatite and poly-L-lactate composites (u-HA/PLLA) are widely used in the oral, maxillofacial, and orthopedic fields. This study assess the long-term (> 5 year...

    Authors: Kenji Kosugi, Yukichi Zenke, Takafumi Tajima, Yoshiaki Yamanaka, Kunitaka Menuki and Akinori Sakai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:817

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Distal radius fractures can adversely affect wrist function; for men with this fracture, the role played by fracture severity, age and osteoporosis on fracture outcome has not been sufficiently studied.

    Authors: Lisa Egund, Fiona E. McGuigan, Niels Egund, Jack Besjakov and Kristina E. Åkesson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:816

    Content type: Research article

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