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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Legg–Calvé–Perthes (LCP) is a common orthopedic childhood disease that causes a deformity of the femoral head and to an adaptive deformity of the acetabulum. The altered joint biomechanics can result in early ...

    Authors: P. Fürnstahl, F. A. Casari, J. Ackermann, M. Marcon, M. Leunig and R. Ganz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:759

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Planned lower limb surgery is common, with over 90,000 hip replacements, 95,000 knee replacements and 15,000 anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions performed in the UK each year. These procedures are prima...

    Authors: Maxwell Stanley Renna, Andrew Metcalfe, David Ellard and David Davies

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:754

    Content type: Research article

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  3. A fracture of the calcaneus can be a painful and disabling injury. Treatment modalities may be conservative or operative. Surgical treatment strategies include open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) techn...

    Authors: Christian Rodemund, Ronny Krenn, Carl Kihm, Iris Leister, Reinhold Ortmaier, Werner Litzlbauer, Angelika M. Schwarz and Georg Mattiassich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:753

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Two parallel cannulated screws along with an anterior wire to construct a tension band is a popular approach in transverse patellar fractures. However, the optimal screw proximity, either deep or superficial s...

    Authors: Chih-Wei Chang, Chih-Hsien Chen, Chun-Ting Li, Yen-Nien Chen, Tai-Hua Yang, Chia-Jung Chang and Chih-Han Chang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:752

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Selective thoracolumbar/lumbar fusion technique was introduced to treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients with major thoracolumbar/lumbar curves. Theoretically, this surgical strategy could also b...

    Authors: Fan Feng, Hongxing Shen, Xiuyuan Chen, Zude Liu, Jianwei Chen, Quan Li and Lifeng Lao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:749

    Content type: Research article

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  6. A ligament advanced reinforcement system (LARS) artificial ligament has been proposed for use in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, and many reports have shown its success in ACL reconstruction. ...

    Authors: Yuanliang Du, Haifeng Dai, Zhihui Wang, Di Wu, Changjiang Shi, Tianjie Xiao and Zhihuai Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:745

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Surgeons recognize that using percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) under local anesthesia to treat osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) prevents interference with the general situation of elderly patients suffering...

    Authors: Shuai Zhang, Shuang Xu, Jin Yang, Song Wang and Qing Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:743

    Content type: Research article

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  8. There is a paucity of reports clarifying the implication of knee osteoarthritis (OA) on spinal sagittal alignment of patients undergone surgery for lumbar spine. This study aimed to analyze how osteoarthritic ...

    Authors: Yong-Chan Kim, Ki-Tack Kim, Kee-Yong Ha, Joonghyun Ahn, Seungnam Ko, Qiang Luo, Sung-Min Kim, Mingyu Kim and Sunin Yoo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:740

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Previous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) in orthopedic surgery. However, no study has investigated TXA in complex tibial plateau fracture surgery. Therefore, the...

    Authors: Zhimeng Wang, Yao Lu, Qian Wang, Leilei Song, Teng Ma, Cheng Ren, Zhong Li, Jiarui Yang, Kun Zhang and Bing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:739

    Content type: Research article

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  10. We investigate the safety of the application of the Rigidfix cross-pin system via different tibial tunnels in the tibial fixation during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.

    Authors: Jian Wang, Hua-qiang Fan, Wenli Dai, Hong-Da Li, Yang-pan Fu, Zhenhuang Liu, Chang-ming Huang and Zhanjun Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:736

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The clinical outcome of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for delayed lateral condylar fracture of the humerus (LCFH) varies in different studies, but ORIF for LCFH with an early-delayed presentation...

    Authors: Jin Li, Saroj Rai, Yun Gao, Renhao Ze, Xin Tang, Ruikang Liu and Pan Hong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:735

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aim of this study is to introduce a new method of percutaneous endoscopic decompression under 3D real-time image-guided navigation for spinal stenosis in degenerative kyphoscoliosis patients without instab...

    Authors: Tsung-Yu Ho, Chung-Wei Lin, Chien-Chun Chang, Hsien-Te Chen, Yen-Jen Chen, Yuan-Shun Lo, Pan-Hsuan Hsiao, Po-Chen Chen, Chih-Sheng Lin and Hsi-Kai Tsou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:734

    Content type: Technical advance

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  13. Understanding of suprascapular notch (SSN) anatomy and relationship with scapular dimensions are vital in diagnosis, prevention, and assessment of suprascapular nerve entrapment syndrome. The study aimed to as...

    Authors: Adesanya Olamide Adewale, Okeniran Olatayo Segun, Ibe Michael Usman, Ann Lemuel Monima, Eric Simidi Kegoye, Keneth Iceland Kasozi, Halima Nalugo and Fred Ssempijja

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:733

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Many motion studies have shown that the inner bearing of bipolar prostheses moves less than expected under non-weight-bearing and static weight-bearing positions, which are not routine functional movements per...

    Authors: Weizhou Jiang, Jun Xiao, Bin Chen, Ming Jia, Yang Zhang, Jian Wang and Zhanjun Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:731

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Musculoskeletal disorders are often observed in patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). The aim of the study was to assess passive ranges of rotation in the cervical spine, chest deformity and pelvic obli...

    Authors: Agnieszka Stępień, Łucja Mazurkiewicz, Katarzyna Maślanko, Witold Rekowski and Maria Jędrzejowska

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:726

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Iliopsoas impingement is a complication of total hip arthroplasty that often manifests as groin pain during initial hip flexion. However, there are no reports of mechanical complications after iliopsoas tenoto...

    Authors: Sun-Jung Yoon, Jong-Hyun Ko and Dean K. Matsuda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:723

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Muscle weakness is an important etiological factor in plantar fasciitis (PF), but available data on the role of the quadriceps, hamstring, and gastrocnemius (GCM) muscles are limited. The aim of this study was...

    Authors: Jin Hyuck Lee, Hae Woon Jung and Woo Young Jang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:722

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Encouraged by the widespread adoption of enhanced recovery protocols (ERPs) for elective total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) in high-income countries, our nationwide multidisciplinary research group firs...

    Authors: Ulla Plenge, Romy Parker, Shamiela Davids, Gareth L. Davies, Zahnne Fullerton, Lindsay Gray, Penelope Groenewald, Refqah Isaacs, Ntambue Kauta, Frederik M. Louw, Andile Mazibuko, David M. North, Marc Nortje, Glen M. Nunes, Neo Pebane, Chantal Rajah…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:721

    Content type: Research article

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  19. We aimed to evaluate whether arthroscopic microfracture with atelocollagen augmentation could improve the clinical outcomes and quality of regenerated cartilage in patients with osteochondral lesion of the tal...

    Authors: Young Koo Lee, Ki Won Young, Jin Su Kim, Hong Seop Lee, Whi-Je Cho and Hyong Nyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:716

    Content type: Research article

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  20. At present, few reports of percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal decompression surgery have been reported to solve central lumbar spinal stenosis (CLSS). Is endoscopic decompression through bilateral transfor...

    Authors: Bin Zhang, Qingquan Kong, Yuqing Yan and Pin Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:714

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The incidence of intramedullary infection is increasing with increased use of intramedullary fixation for long bone fractures. However, appropriate treatment for infection after intramedullary nailing is uncle...

    Authors: Hong-An Zhang, Chun-Hao Zhou, Xiang-Qing Meng, Jia Fang and Cheng-He Qin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:710

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Clinical studies have found that manipulations have a good clinical effect on sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain without specific causes. However, the specific mechanisms underlying the effect of manipulations are st...

    Authors: Zhun Xu, Yikai Li, Shaoqun Zhang, Liqing Liao, Kai Wu, Ziyu Feng and Dan Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:709

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Lateral condylar humerus fractures (LCHFs) are the second most common pediatric distal humerus fractures. Open reduction and internal fixation is recommended for fractures displaced by more than 2 mm. Few stud...

    Authors: Li-wei Xie, Juan Wang, Zhi-qiang Deng, Ren-huan Zhao, Wei Chen, Chi Kang, Jia-jun Ye, Xin Liu, Ying Zhou and Hai Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:707

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Retraction of transporting bone segment (TBS) may occur when the fixator of the TBS is removed prior to full consolidation of the distracted callus, which has adverse effect on the healing of the docking site....

    Authors: Yunhong Ma, Qudong Yin, Yongwei Wu, Zongnan Wang, Zhenzhong Sun, Sanjun Gu, Yongjun Rui and Xiaofei Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:704

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Acromioclavicular (AC) separation can be treated with the use of a hook plate. Some studies have reported that coracoclavicular (CC) ligament augmentation is necessary to reduce the complications of hook plate...

    Authors: Chung-Ting Liu and Ten-Fang Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:701

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Femoral neck fracture (FNF) is among the commonest fractures affecting the geriatric population. Hemiarthroplasty (HA) is a standard treatment procedure and has been performed by hip surgeons for decades. Rece...

    Authors: Chi-Yung Yeung, Shang-Wen Tsai, Po-Kuei Wu, Cheng-Fong Chen, Ming-Chau Chang and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:700

    Content type: Research article

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  27. For improved outcomes in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) correct implant fitting and positioning are crucial. In order to facilitate a best possible implant fitting and positioning patient-specific systems have ...

    Authors: Jörg Arnholdt, Yama Kamawal, Konstantin Horas, Boris M. Holzapfel, Fabian Gilbert, Axel Ripp, Maximilian Rudert and Andre F. Steinert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:699

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a severe complication in the field of arthroplasty. Despite the rising number of primary joint replacements, no unified therapeutic standard has been established for...

    Authors: Christina Rimke, Andreas Enz, Hermann Josef Bail, Peter Heppt, Bernd Kladny, Gabriela von Lewinski, Christoph H. Lohmann, Katrin Osmanski-Zenk, Holger Haas and Wolfram Mittelmeier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:694

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) is increasingly being used for spinal applications. However, because of its biologically inactive nature, there are risks of false joint loosening and sinking. PEEK materials are ...

    Authors: Sachiko Kawasaki, Yusuke Inagaki, Manabu Akahane, Akira Furukawa, Hideki Shigematsu and Yasuhito Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:692

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is mainly caused by annular fiber disruption with a discrete leakage of nucleus pulposus pressing on a nerve, resulting in back pain and radiating pain. Most patients with LDH can ...

    Authors: Feng Dai, Yu Xiang Dai, Hong Jiang, Peng Fei Yu and Jin Tao Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:690

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Scaffolds have considerably advanced in recent years. In orthopaedic surgery, scaffolds have been used as grafts in procedures involving tendon and ligament reconstruction. This paper aimed to produce and eval...

    Authors: Alex de Lima Santos, Camila Gonzaga da Silva, Leticia Siqueira de Sá Barreto, Katia Ramos Moreira Leite, Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki, Lydia Massako Ferreira, Fernando Gonçalves de Almeida and Flavio Faloppa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:689

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The impact of high dislocated dysplastic hips on spinal-pelvic alignment has not been well described. This study aims to evaluate compensatory spinal radiographic changes and presence of back pain in patients ...

    Authors: Peng Ren, Xiangpeng Kong, Wei Chai and Yan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:688

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Goldenhar syndrome sometimes displays progressive scoliosis and other spinal deformities that require treatment. However, few reports exist on scoliosis correction in Goldenhar syndrome. We described the rare ...

    Authors: Masashi Uehara, Shugo Kuraishi, Shota Ikegami, Hiroki Oba, Takashi Takizawa, Ryo Munakata, Terue Hatakenaka, Tetsuhiko Mimura and Jun Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:685

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Scaphoid excision and four-corner arthrodesis is an acceptable salvage procedure for the treatment of scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) wrists, since first po...

    Authors: Yukichi Zenke, Toshihisa Oshige, Kunitaka Menuki, Hideyuki Hirasawa, Yoshiaki Yamanaka, Takafumi Tajima, Kenji Kosugi and Akinori Sakai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:683

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the bony correction angle and mechanical axis change and their differences between closed wedge high tibial osteotomy (CWHTO) and open wedg...

    Authors: Takahiro Ogino, Ken Kumagai, Shunsuke Yamada, Tomotaka Akamatsu, Shuntaro Nejima, Masaichi Sotozawa and Yutaka Inaba

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:675

    Content type: Research article

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  36. While some traumatic closed index extensor tendon ruptures at the musclotendinous junction have been previously reported, closed index extensor tendon pseudorupture due to intertendinous attenuation is exceedi...

    Authors: Yusuke Miyashima, Takuya Uemura, Takuya Yokoi, Shunpei Hama, Mitsuhiro Okada, Sadahiko Konishi and Hiroaki Nakamura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:672

    Content type: Case report

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  37. There are several types of tenodesis reconstruction designed for subtalar instability. However, no comprehensive comparison has been conducted among these procedures in terms of their correcting power so far. ...

    Authors: Xu Can, Li Mingqing, Wang Chenggong and Liu Hua

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:669

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The success of shoulder arthroplasty, both reverse and anatomical, depends on correcting the underlying glenoid deformity especially in patients with an osteoarthritis. We hypothesized that the distribution of...

    Authors: Omer Ozel, Robert Hudek, Mohamed S. Abdrabou, Birgit S. Werner and Frank Gohlke

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:668

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Several cup anteversion measurements for post-operative total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery have been described. We developed the standardized Liaw’s trigonometric method to eliminate the influence of patient...

    Authors: Kuei-Lin Yeh, Tai-Yin Wu, Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Sheng-Mou Hou and Chen-Kun Liaw

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:667

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Halo traction has been used as an adjunctive method in the treatment of severe spinal deformities. But there are few reports on the clinical efficacy of halo-pelvic traction (HPT) in the treatment of severe sp...

    Authors: Longtao Qi, Beiyu Xu, Chunde Li and Yu Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:665

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Hybrid surgery (HS) has become an alternative procedure for the treatment of multilevel cervical degenerative disc disease with satisfactory outcomes. However, some adverse outcomes have recently emerged, such...

    Authors: Junbo He, Hao Liu, Tingkui Wu, Chen Ding, Kangkang Huang, Ying Hong and Beiyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:664

    Content type: Research article

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  42. A significant proportion of the overall cost of total hip arthroplasty (THA) results from the inpatient hospital stay following the procedure. Considering the substantial and increasing number of these procedu...

    Authors: Bryn O. Zomar, Jacquelyn D. Marsh, Brent A. Lanting and Dianne M. Bryant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:663

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Neglected long-term unreduced hip joint dislocation with secondary osteoarthritis and pseudoarthrosis poses a great challenge to hip surgeons. However, as this is an uncommon injury, few studies have systemati...

    Authors: Bo Liu, Zhaoke Wu, Zhikun Zhuang, Sikai Liu, Huijie Li and Yongtai Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:661

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The aim of our study was to compare the long-term outcome after perichondrium transplantation and two-component surface replacement (SR) implants to the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and the proximal interphalange...

    Authors: Daniel Muder, Nils P. Hailer and Torbjörn Vedung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:657

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Abnormal gluteus medius muscle activity is associated with a number of musculoskeletal conditions. Research investigating the effect of foot type and foot orthoses on gluteus medius muscle activity is both con...

    Authors: Sean Sadler, Martin Spink, Xanne Janse de Jonge and Vivienne Chuter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:655

    Content type: Research article

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  46. First metatarso-phalangeal joint fusion is the current gold standard for severe hallux rigidus. Data regarding the union rate and the re-operation rate when IOFix (an Intra-osseous fixation device, Extremity m...

    Authors: David Segal, Nissim Ohana, Meir Nyska and Ezequiel Palmanovich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:654

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Bone stock preservation in total hip replacement is essential to allow for later revisions in an increasingly younger and fitter index patient population. While contemporary modular press-fit acetabular cups l...

    Authors: Conrad Anderl, Georg Mattiassich, Reinhold Ortmaier, Martin Steinmair and Josef Hochreiter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:652

    Content type: Research article

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  48. A proper restoration of hip biomechanics is fundamental to achieve satisfactory outcomes after total hip arthroplasty (THA). A global hip offset (GO) postoperatively reduction of more than 5 mm was known to im...

    Authors: Stefano Biggi, Lorenzo Banci, Riccardo Tedino, Andrea Capuzzo, Gabriele Cattaneo, Stefano Tornago and Andrea Camera

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:646

    Content type: Research article

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