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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. There are an overwhelming number of patients suffering from low back pain (LBP) resulting from disc pathology. Although several strategies are being developed pre-clinically, simple strategies to treat the lar...

    Authors: Michael Wolff, Jon Mark Shillington, Christopher Rathbone, Shawn K. Piasecki and Brian Barnes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The design of an external fixator with the optimal biomechanical function and the lowest profile has been highly pursued, as fracture healing is dependent on the stability and durability of fixation, and a low...

    Authors: Di Shi, Kaiyuan Liu, Haomeng Zhang, Xinli Wang, Guochen Li and Lianhe Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:128

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Osteoarthritis (OA) represents a significant burden to societies, as it affects quality of life, performance and poses a large healthcare cost. We aimed to describe the use of a single intra-articular (IA) inj...

    Authors: J. C. Alves, A. Santos, P. Jorge, C. Lavrador and L. Miguel Carreira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:127

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Elderly patients with vertebral hemangiomas are rare and might require surgery. Thus, the choice of surgery for these lesions remains controversial because of the rarity of these lesions. This study aimed to a...

    Authors: Weihong Xu, Zhibin Lan and Yuming Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:125

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Trochanter valgus deformity (TVD) is a rare condition of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Femoral osteotomy could be required in correcting the deformity to implant femoral stem in severe TVD. In this study, we d...

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Wei Chai, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang and Yonggang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:124

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Injuries and resulting stiffness around joints, especially the elbow, have huge psychological effects by reducing quality of life through interference with normal daily activities such as feeding, dressing, gr...

    Authors: Ayoola Ademola, Kevin A. Hildebrand, Prism S. Schneider, Nicholas G. H. Mohtadi, Neil J. White, Michael J. Bosse, Alexandra Garven, Richard E. A. Walker and Tolulope T. Sajobi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:123

    Content type: Study protocol

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  7. Continuous femoral nerve block (cFNB) has been developed to extend the analgesic effect since the efficacy of single-injection femoral nerve block (sFNB) is often limited to approximately 16–24 h. The aim of t...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The osteotomy of the posterolateral overhanging part (PLOP) of the greater trochanter via posterior approach has been used for the hip arthroplasty for decades with good results. However, the osteotomy method ...

    Authors: Xiaoxiao Zhou, Houlin Ji, Jinhua Guo, Yang Yang, Pan Cai and Xianlong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:119

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Dislocation, periprosthetic fracture and infection are serious complications of total hip replacement (THR) and which negatively impact on patients’ outcomes including satisfaction, quality of life, mental hea...

    Authors: Charlotte V. E. Carpenter, Vikki Wylde, Andrew J. Moore, Adrian Sayers, Ashley W. Blom and Michael R. Whitehouse

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:118

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Adjacent segment disease (ASD) is a well-known complication after interbody fusion. Pedicle screw-rod revision possesses sufficient strength and rigidity. However, is a surgical segment with rigid fixation nec...

    Authors: Ziyang Liang, Jianchao Cui, Jiarui Zhang, Jiahui He, Jingjing Tang, Hui Ren, Linqiang Ye, De Liang and Xiaobing Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:117

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Some patients complain of noise after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Controversy still exists on how the noise affects the clinical outcomes, including joint awareness, after TKA. The Forgotten Joint Score—12 ...

    Authors: Hiroto Taniguchi, Masafumi Itoh, Nobuyuki Yoshimoto, Junya Itou, Umito Kuwashima and Ken Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:115

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Several modern designs of metal-backed glenoids (MBG) have been devised to overcome flaws such as loosening and a high failure rate. This review aimed to compare rates of complications and revision surgeries b...

    Authors: Dong Min Kim, Mohammed Aldeghaither, Fahad Alabdullatif, Myung Jin Shin, Erica Kholinne, Hyojune Kim, In-Ho Jeon and Kyoung-Hwan Koh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  13. During total hip arthroplasty (THA), the accurate placement of the femoral components is an important determinant of the success of the procedure. This study assessed the accuracy of cemented stem placement us...

    Authors: Ryo Mitsutake, Hiromasa Tanino, Yasuhiro Nishida, Masaru Higa and Hiroshi Ito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:113

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Fractures in older men are not uncommon and need to be healed as soon as possible to avoid related complications. Anti-osteoporotic drugs targeting Wnt/β-catenin and PTH (parathyroid hormone) to promote fractu...

    Authors: Daocheng Liu, Hao Qin, Jiazhi Yang, Lei Yang, Sihao He, Sixu Chen, Quanwei Bao, Yufeng Zhao and Zhaowen Zong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) based-treatments of cartilage injury are promising but impaired by high levels of hypertrophy after chondrogenic induction with several bone morphogenetic protein superfamily member...

    Authors: M. Weissenberger, M. H. Weissenberger, F. Gilbert, J. Groll, C. H. Evans and A. F. Steinert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Arthroscopic closure release includes arthroscopic lateral patella retinaculum releasing (LPRR) either outside synovial membrane (OSM) or through synovial membrane (TSM). At present, there is no research to co...

    Authors: Ji-Bin Chen, Dong Chen, Ya-Ping Xiao, Jian-Zhong Chang and Te Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:108

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The Flexible Nichidai Knee Posterior Stabilized (FNK-PS) system was designed to provide relatively high varus-valgus stabilities without the stem extensions to patients with severe knee joint disorders. This i...

    Authors: Takanobu Sumino, Tetsuya Tomita, Kazuomi Sugamoto, Takaharu Yamazaki and Ken Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:107

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Giant cell tumour (GCT) of the bone is a rare, invasive benign bone tumour, which typically originates in the metaphyseal ends of long bones and rarely in the spine. Here, we report a rare case of recurrent GC...

    Authors: Ping-Guo Duan, Yong-Hong Sheng, Chang-Hao Deng, Ben-Yu Tang and Hao-Qun Yao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:105

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Previous studies have revealed positive effect of Topping-off technique on upper adjacent segment after fusion surgery, while for the cases with fusion surgery on L5-S1 segment, owning maximal range of motion,...

    Authors: Liangliang Cao, Yumei Liu, Wei Mei, Jianguang Xu and Shi Zhan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:104

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Computer-assisted solutions are changing surgical practice continuously. One of the most disruptive technologies among the computer-integrated surgical techniques is Augmented Reality (AR). While Augmented Rea...

    Authors: Lukas Jud, Javad Fotouhi, Octavian Andronic, Alexander Aichmair, Greg Osgood, Nassir Navab and Mazda Farshad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:103

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The incidence of insufficiency fracture (IF) at femoral neck is low, accounting for about 5% of all insufficiency fractures, and IF at bilateral femoral neck is less common with more occurrence in athlete or s...

    Authors: Xu-yi Tan, Ting Lei, Guan-bao Wu, Hai-en Luo, Gang Huang, Can-yu He, Min Lu and Peng-fei Lei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:102

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Lumbar spinal fusion with rigid spinal fixators as one of the high risk factors related to adjacent-segment failure. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the material properties of spinal fixation r...

    Authors: Yueh-Ying Hsieh, Fon-Yih Tsuang, Yi-Jie Kuo, Chia-Hsien Chen, Chang-Jung Chiang and Chun-Li Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:100

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Whether or not, prophylactic neurosurgical interventions of split cord malformation (SCM) before undertaking corrective surgery was the focus of debate. The present study was performed to evaluate the safety a...

    Authors: Hong-Qi Zhang, Ang Deng, Ming-Xing Tang, Shao-Hua Liu, Yu-Xiang Wang and Qi-Le Gao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The ideal thromboprophylaxis regime following lower limb arthroplasty and proximal femur fractures remains controversial. Guidelines disagree on the type of chemical prophylaxis, its dose or duration. This art...

    Authors: Viswanath Mula, Sunny Parikh, Sivakolundu Suresh, Alex Bottle, Mark Loeffler and Mahbub Alam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Compared to other types of surgeries, minimally invasive surgeries (MISs) of humeral shaft fractures are associated with less radial nerve injury, less soft tissue injury and higher union rate. However, malrot...

    Authors: Yo-Lun Chu, Cheng-Kuang Chen, Yu-Chia Liu, Tung-Wu Lu and Chen-Kun Liaw

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:92

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To compare the outcomes after surgical intervention, including external fixation (EF) with the optional addition of K-pins or open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with a volar locking plate (VLP), in pa...

    Authors: Yu-Yi Huang, Tung-Yi Lin, Chien-Hao Chen, Ying-Chao Chou and Chun-Yi Su

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:91

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes between posterior mono-segment and short-segment fixation combined with one-stage posterior debridement and bone grafting fusion in treating single-segment lum...

    Authors: Zheng Liu, Weiwei Li, Zhengchao Xu, Xiyang Wang and Hao Zeng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:86

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Hip fractures have become a severe public health problem, especially in very elderly patients. Most of them are treated with low molecular weight heparin as prophylaxis or treatment of venous thromboembolism. ...

    Authors: Yijun Liu, Hao Lu, Hailin Xu, Zhongguo Fu, Dianying Zhang and Baoguo Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:85

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Kümmell’s disease is a special type of osteoporotic vertebral fracture that causes chronic low back pain and deformity, which seriously affects the living quality of patients. PVP is commonly used to treat ost...

    Authors: Jiang Jiang, Fu-long Gu, Zhong-wei Li and Yi Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Limb salvage surgery is becoming increasingly popular after tumor resection in the lower extremity. Biological reconstruction and use of megaprosthesis are main methods for malignant bone tumors of the proxima...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Shinji Miwa, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Kentaro Igarashi, Takashi Higuchi, Yuta Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Araki, Hirotaka Yonezawa, Sei Morinaga and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The treatment for infected tibial bone defects can be a great challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. This meta-analysis was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy between bone transport (BT) and the acut...

    Authors: Hongjie Wen, Shouyan Zhu, Canzhang Li and Yongqing Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  32. For patients with spinal canal stenosis in the upper cervical spine who undergo C3–7 laminoplasty alone, it remains impossible to achieve full decompression due to its limited range. This study explores the ex...

    Authors: Wen-xuan Wang, Yi-bo Zhao, Xiang-dong Lu, Xiao-feng Zhao, Yuan-zhang Jin, Xian-wei Chen, Yan-xin Fan, Xiao-nan Wang, Run-tian Zhou and Bin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to compare treatment strategies of two level-one trauma centers regarding clinical and radiological outcomes focusing on non-osteoporotic AOSpine type A3 frac...

    Authors: Christoph J. Erichsen, Christoph-Eckhard Heyde, Christoph Josten, Oliver Gonschorek, Stephanie Panzer, Christian von Rüden and Ulrich J. Spiegl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:74

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Posterior lumbar fusion is a widely accepted surgical technique; however, it has been related to the possibility of paraspinal muscle atrophy after surgery. We investigated 1-year postoperative changes in para...

    Authors: Sung-Min Cho, Se-Hoon Kim, Sung-Kon Ha, Sang-Dae Kim, Dong-Jun Lim, Jaehyung Cha and Bum-Joon Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Lumbar spinal disease causes disabilities in performing daily activities. Operative treatments are aimed at pain relief and rapid return to routine activity. Patient-based outcome measures are used to evaluate...

    Authors: Masahiro Inoue, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuhide Inage, Miyako Suzuki, Kazuki Fujimoto, Yasuhiro Shiga, Hirohito Kanamoto, Koki Abe, Hideyuki Kinoshita, Masaki Norimoto, Tomotaka Umimura, Takashi Sato, Masashi Sato, Masahiro Suzuki, Keigo Enomoto, Yawara Eguchi…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  36. En bloc excision has been increasingly used for the management of giant cell tumors (GCTs) in the distal radius. An osteoarticular allograft has been used extensively for decades, and custom-made prosthesis re...

    Authors: Yitian Wang, Li Min, Minxun Lu, Yong Zhou, Jie Wang, Yuqi Zhang, Xinzhu Yu, Fan Tang, Yi Luo, Hong Duan and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The aim of the study was to evaluate patient reported outcome measures (PROM) before and after trapeziectomy with or without ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition for trapeziometacarpal joint arthri...

    Authors: Maria Wilcke, Martin Roginski, Mikael Åström and Marianne Arner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Decreasing the length of hospital stay is an ideal course of action to appropriately allocate medical resources. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify perioperative factors that may decrease the ...

    Authors: Xiaoxiao Song, Caiwei Xia, Qiangqiang Li, Chen Yao, Yao Yao, Dongyang Chen and Qing Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Poplital artery transection injury is potentially catastrophic, or even life-threatening. Severe traumas, including open fracture, gunshot, stabs, and knee dislocation and complex fracture of proximal tibia or...

    Authors: Yan-Wei Liu, Yan-Hui Li, Tiecheng Yu, Tianye Yang, Yuying Li and Lei Tan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:59

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Hydrogen peroxide has been widely used in Orthopaedics including Orthopaedic oncology, trauma and joint surgeries. However, we encountered an oxygen embolism and myoglobinuria after hydrogen peroxide was used ...

    Authors: Zhengwu Peng, Hui Li, Ziqin Cao, Wenchao Zhang, Hongxin Li, Ruping Dai, Lei Liu, Xinzhan Mao, Daniel M. George and Tianlong Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:58

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Hybrid stabilization is an accepted therapy strategy for unstable osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures. However, a moderate reduction loss has been reported and it remains unclear which anatomic structure is resp...

    Authors: Ulrich J. Spiegl, Annette B. Ahrberg, Christine Anemüller, Jan-Sven Jarvers, Stefan Glasmacher, Nicolaus von der Höh, Christoph Josten and Christoph-Eckhard Heyde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:54

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Arthroscopic surgery procedures vary depending on the types of meniscus tear, including meniscectomy and meniscus repair. Among the several types of meniscus tear, the horizontal tear of the lateral meniscus a...

    Authors: Chao-Hua Fang, Hua Liu, Zheng-Lin Di and Jun-Hui Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:52

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral neuropathy. Moreover, carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgery generally has excellent results. The present study aimed to investigate the predictors of cl...

    Authors: Ehsan Alimohammadi, Seyed Reza Bagheri, Homa Hadidi, Parisa Rizevandi and Alireza Abdi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:51

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Subtrochanteric or supracondylar femoral rotational osteotomies are established surgical treatments for femoral rotational deformities. Unintended change of the mechanical leg axis is an identified problem. Di...

    Authors: Lukas Jud, Lazaros Vlachopoulos, Thomas V. Häller, Sandro F. Fucentese, Stefan Rahm and Patrick O. Zingg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:50

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common upper-limb nerve compression disease. Carpal tunnel syndrome can lead to several symptoms such as tingling or numbness, pain in the hand or wrist, and reduced grip strength. ...

    Authors: Sebastian Breddam Mosegaard, Maiken Stilling and Torben Bæk Hansen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Studies on characteristic spinal deformities in Japanese patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and data demonstrating a relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and spinopelvic alignment...

    Authors: Tatsuya Sato, Ikuho Yonezawa, Hisashi Inoue, Kurisu Tada, Shigeto Kobayashi, Eri Hayashi, Naoto Tamura and Kazuo Kaneko

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:41

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The purpose of this study was to investigate residual rotation of patients with forearm amputation and the contribution of involved muscle to residual rotation.

    Authors: Geon Lee, Sung-Jae Kim, Joo Hyung Ha, Chang-Hun Lee, Young Jin Choi and Kwang-Hyun Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:40

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Limitations in the lumbar spine movement reduce lumbar vertebral motion and affect spinopelvic kinematics. We studied the influence of lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration on spinofemoral movement, from sta...

    Authors: Jianming Gu, Huixiong Feng, Xiao Feng and Yixin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Cam and pincer-type morphologies can cause femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAI) and can be measured on plain radiographs using the alpha angle and the center edge angle. As an addition to plain radiogra...

    Authors: Maarten A. Röling, Nina M. C. Mathijssen and Rolf M. Bloem

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  50. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) is a common treatment for proximal humeral fractures. (PHF) in the elderly. This study evaluates the functional outcome and the influence of. tuberosity healing (TH) followi...

    Authors: Jonas Schmalzl, Malik Jessen, Nadine Sadler, Lars-Johannes Lehmann and Christian Gerhardt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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