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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Intramedullary nails have become the main treatment for intertrochanteric fractures. However, a distal locking procedure during nailing gradually raised controversy. In this study, a systematic review and meta...

    Authors: Yan-Hui Li, Tiecheng Yu, Wenjing Shao, Yanwei Liu, Dong Zhu and Lei Tan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:461

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) has been demonstrated, in clinical trials, as an effective and safe treatment for patients diagnosed with radiculopathy and/or myelopathy. However, the current CDA indication c...

    Authors: Ting-kui Wu, Hao Liu, Chen Ding, Xin Rong, Jun-bo He, Kang-kang Huang, Ying Hong and Bei-yu Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:457

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Spinal deformities constitute one of the most common types of manifestations of neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF-1), which can lead to either dystrophic or non-dystrophic early-onset scoliosis (EOS). Surgical trea...

    Authors: Siyi Cai, Liqiang Cui, Guixing Qiu, Jianxiong Shen and Jianguo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:455

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Complicated acetabular fractures comprise the most challenging field for orthopedists. The purpose of this study was to develop three-dimensional printed patient-specific (3DPPS) Ti-6Al-4 V plates to treat com...

    Authors: Canbin Wang, Yuhui Chen, Liping Wang, Di Wang, Cheng Gu, Xuezhi Lin, Han Liu, Jiahui Chen, Xiangyuan Wen, Yuancheng Liu, Fuming Huang, Lufeng Yao, Shicai Fan, Wenhua Huang and Jianghui Dong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:451

    Content type: Research article

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  5. There is an ongoing debate regarding optimal fixation of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), however cost has not been addressed as profoundly. Therefore, the current study primarily aimed to compare costs and cost...

    Authors: R. Rassir, P. A. Nolte, J. C. T. van der Lugt, R. G. H. H. Nelissen, I. N. Sierevelt and W. C. Verra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:448

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The use of Oxford Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty (UKA) has increased rapidly in both Western and Asian populations, with excellent functional outcomes and high patient satisfaction. While previous evidence...

    Authors: Jingbo Cheng, Mingli Feng, Guanglei Cao, Zheng Li, Shuai An and Shibao Lu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:446

    Content type: Research article

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  7. To compare the clinical results of all-inside anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using suspensory cortical button fixation and full tibial tunnel drilling.

    Authors: Chun-Wei Fu, Wei-Cheng Chen and Yung-Chang Lu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:445

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Through the comparison of three-dimensional CT reconstruction between the supine position and the prone position, the relative position of thoracolumbar great vessels and vertebral body was studied, and the sh...

    Authors: Chao Xu, Qingxian Hou, Yanchen CHU, Xiuling Huang, Wenjiu Yang, Jinglong Ma and Zhijie Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:444

    Content type: Research article

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  9. American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification system and its association with postoperative outcomes has been studied in different diseases. However, there is a paucity of studies...

    Authors: Fitsum Sebsibe Teni, Kristina Burström, Jenny Berg, Reiner Leidl and Ola Rolfson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:441

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Many patients with cervical radiculopathy experience stenosis of the neural foramens due to cumulative osteophyte or uncovertebral joint hypertrophy. For cervical foraminal stenosis, complete uncinate process ...

    Authors: Sung Hyun Noh, Jeong Yoon Park, Sung Uk Kuh, Dong Kyu Chin, Keun Su Kim, Yong Eun Cho and Kyung Hyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:439

    Content type: Research article

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  11. This study compares the use of radiographic K-Rod dynamic stabilization to the rigid system for the treatment of multisegmental degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (MDLSS).

    Authors: Chaohua Fu, Tianjun Chen, Yuhao Yang, Hua Yang, Maohui Diao, Guowei Zhang, Zhisheng Ji and Hongsheng Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:437

    Content type: Research article

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  12. congenital posteromedial bowing of tibia (CPMBT) is a very rare birth defect, characterized by shortened bowed leg and ankle deformity. We described a single institution experience in the management of CPMBT.

    Authors: Giovanni Luigi Di Gennaro, Giovanni Gallone, Edgar Alejandro Martinez Vazquez, Leonardo Marchesini Reggiani, Costantina Racano, Eleonora Olivotto, Stefano Stilli and Giovanni Trisolino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:430

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common form of spinal deformity in children and adolescents which presents as complex three-dimensional (3D) deformity of the spine and rib cage. This study ai...

    Authors: Long Chen, Zeyu Sun, Jingming He, Yunwen Xu, Zhuhai Li, Qian Zou and Bo Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:427

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Articular cartilage has a high-weight-bearing area and a low-weight-bearing area, the macroscopic elastic moduli of the two regions are different. Chondrocytes are affected by the applied force at the microsco...

    Authors: Jiang-Bo Guo, Ting Liang, Yan-Jun Che, Hui-Lin Yang and Zong-Ping Luo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:425

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The role of altered joint mechanics on cartilage degeneration in in vivo models has not been studied successfully due to a lack of pre-injury information. We aimed 1) to develop an accurate in vivo canine mode...

    Authors: Dokwan Lee, Ki-Taek Hong, Tae Seong Lim, Eugene Lee, Ye Hyun Lee, Ji Soon Park, Woo Kim, Joo Han Oh, Jung-Ah Choi and Yongnam Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:424

    Content type: Research article

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  16. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and complications between laminectomy and fusion (LF) and laminoplasty (LP) for multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) with increased signal intens...

    Authors: Xin He, Jia Nan Zhang, Tuan Jiang Liu and Ding Jun Hao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:423

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Although double-plate fixation (DP), i.e., fixation with a combination of a main lateral plate (LP) and a support medial plate (MP), is a relatively mature method for treating femoral shaft non-union with bone...

    Authors: Jian Lu, Qi-Yang Wang, Jia-Gen Sheng, Shang-Chun Guo and Shi-Cong Tao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:421

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Deformity assessment and preoperative planning of realignment surgery are conventionally based on weight-bearing (WB) radiographs. However, newer technologies such as three-dimensional (3D) preoperative planni...

    Authors: Lukas Jud, Tabitha Roth, Philipp Fürnstahl, Lazaros Vlachopoulos, Reto Sutter and Sandro F. Fucentese

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:418

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a commonly used health outcome. For many acute conditions (e.g. fractures), retrospective measurement of HRQoL is necessary to establish pre-morbid health status. Howe...

    Authors: Andrew Lawson, Aidan C. Tan, Justine Naylor and Ian A. Harris

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:415

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Plate fixation is frequently used to treat displaced midshaft clavicular fractures, however the ideal plate choice remains subject to discussion; reconstruction locking compression plates (RLCPs) are cheaper a...

    Authors: Christian X. Fang, Ruiping Liu, Dennis K. H. Yee, Jackie Chau, Tak-Wing Lau, Rebecca Chan, Siu-Bon Woo, Tak-Man Wong, Evan Fang and Frankie Leung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:413

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Both cylindrical and tapered stems are commonly used in revision total hip arthroplasty. However, whether the geometry of prosthesis stem has an effect on patient prognosis is unclear. We assume that the taper...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Ye Zhang, Jian-Ning Sun, Zi-Jian Hua, Xiang-Yang Chen and Shuo Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:411

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Whether using the scalpel can provide better and faster recovery after the primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is still controversial. The aim of this research was to compare the clinical outcomes of using t...

    Authors: Wei Lin, Yike Dai, Jinghui Niu, Guangmin Yang, Ming Li and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:409

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Fixing a tibial eminence fracture with a tri-pulley is a new technique. The purpose of this study was to present the early clinical outcome of arthroscopic tri-pulley suture fixation for tibial eminence fractu...

    Authors: Liang Zhang, Li Zhang, Jiang Zheng, Bo Ren, Xin Kang, Xian Zhang and Xiaoqian Dang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:408

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Traditional methods for minimally invasive internal fixation (MIIF) of calcaneal fractures require extensive intraoperative fluoroscopy, and fracture recovery is usually not ideal. We developed a new surgical ...

    Authors: Chenggong Wang, Can Xu, Mingqing Li, Hui Li, Han Xiao, Da Zhong and Hua Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:407

    Content type: Research article

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  25. With the rapid aging of the population, the incidence of proximal humeral fracture (PHF) has increased. However, the optimal method for open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) remains controversial.

    Authors: Ji-Qi Wang, Chui-cong Lin, You-Ming Zhao, Bing-Jie Jiang and Xiao-Jing Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:406

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Studies have shown that the spherical shape of the lateral femoral condyle has a clear relationship with the relative axial movement of tibiofemoral joint and the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. The ...

    Authors: Ruibo Li, Xingyue Yuan, Zhi Fang, Yuehong Liu, Xi Chen and Jianjun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:402

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective treatment for end-stage osteoarthritis. Patient reported-outcome measures (PROMs) capture the patients’ perception of the success of an intervention. The minimal i...

    Authors: N. Holtz, D. F. Hamilton, J. M. Giesinger, B. Jost and K. Giesinger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:401

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Playing tennis is associated with various movements that can lead to labral injuries and may require arthroscopic surgery. While hip arthroscopies have demonstrated good outcomes in athletes, there is limited ...

    Authors: David R. Maldonado, Mitchell J. Yelton, Philip J. Rosinsky, Jacob Shapira, Mitchell B. Meghpara, Ajay C. Lall and Benjamin G. Domb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:400

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Cervical Pedicle Screw (CPS) placement is a challenging work due to the high risk of neurovascular complications. Although there have been several different free-hand or navigation assisted techniques for CPS ...

    Authors: Bin Liu, Xiangyang Liu, Xiongjie Shen, Guoping Wang and Yixin Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:399

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Retrospective studies have found that daily opioid use pre-arthroplasty predicts worse longer-term service, clinical and patient-reported outcomes. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these observations....

    Authors: Justine M. Naylor, Natalie Pavlovic, Melissa Farrugia, Shaniya Ogul, Danella Hackett, Anthony Wan, Sam Adie, Bernadette Brady, Leeanne Gray, Rachael Wright, Michelle Nazar and Wei Xuan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:398

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Although shoulder arthroplasty is less common than knee or hip arthroplasty, the number of procedures being performed is increasing rapidly. The treatment effect is a simple method to measure outcome of joint ...

    Authors: Joerg Huber, Ulrich Irlenbusch, Max J. Kääb, Falk Reuther, Georges Kohut and Andy Judge

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:397

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In Parkinson’s disease (PD) population, performing secondary tasks while walking further deteriorates gait and restrict mobility in functional contexts of daily life. This study (1) analyzed the interference o...

    Authors: Constanza San Martín Valenzuela, Lirios Dueñas Moscardó, Juan López-Pascual, Pilar Serra-Añó and José M. Tomás

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:396

    Content type: Research article

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  33. An alternative to the current gold standard in operative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures (DMCF) using plate osteosynthesis, is internal fixation by means of intramedullary fixation devices. ...

    Authors: Paul Hoogervorst, Tess van Dam, Nico Verdonschot and Gerjon Hannink

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:395

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of positive microbiology samples after osteosynthesis of proximal humerus fractures at the time of revision surgery and evaluate clinical characteristics...

    Authors: Doruk Akgün, Paulina-Maria Peters, Nina Maziak, Fabian Plachel, Marvin Minkus and Philipp Moroder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:393

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Butterfly vertebrae are a rare congenital vertebral anomaly. An overlap of this spinal anomaly with other diseases has been reported. However, to the authors’ knowledge, the coexistence of butterfly vertebrae ...

    Authors: Ai-Bing Huang, Meng Bai, Huan Liu, Zhi-Yong Zhou and Jia-Xu Wei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:392

    Content type: Case report

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  36. An optimal osteotomy angle avoids shortening of the first metatarsal bone after hallux valgus surgery and therefore reduces the risk of transfer-metatarsalgia. The purpose of the present ex-vivo study was to i...

    Authors: Arnd Fredrik Viehöfer, Stephan Hermann Wirth, Stefan Michael Zimmermann, Laurenz Jaberg, Cyrill Dennler, Philipp Fürnstahl and Mazda Farshad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:438

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The importance of sagittal alignment in healthy individuals and in reconstructive spinal surgery has been studied over the last 15 years. The aim of the present study was to assess the long-term effects of abn...

    Authors: Mahmoud Elshamly, Reinhard Windhager, Stefan Toegel and Josef Georg Grohs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:387

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Osteoarthritis is a major cause of pain and disability worldwide, therefore ways of treating this condition are paramount to a successful health system. The purpose of the study was to investigate the changes ...

    Authors: Christopher Miles and Andrew Greene

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:386

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Fenestration discectomy, for symptomatic lumbar disc herniation, is the most common surgical procedure in spine surgery. It can be done by open or microscopic procedures. This study compared the results of fen...

    Authors: Sherwan A. Hamawandi, Injam Ibrahim Sulaiman and Ameer Kadhim Al-Humairi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:384

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Intraoperative acetabular fracture(IAF) is a rare complication of primary total hip arthroplasty(THA). The previous reports have lacked a sufficiently large number of subjects to allow for an analysis of the c...

    Authors: Juncheng Li, Quanbo Ji, Ming Ni, Qingyuan Zheng, Jingyang Sun and Guoqiang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:383

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Most of the previous studies about the surgical treatment of dropped head syndrome (DHS) are small case series, and their primary outcome measures were cervical alignment parameters. Therefore, little is known...

    Authors: Yoshifumi Kudo, Tomoaki Toyone, Kenji Endo, Yuji Matsuoka, Ichiro Okano, Koji Ishikawa, Akira Matsuoka, Hiroshi Maruyama, Ryo Yamamura, Haruka Emori, Soji Tani, Toshiyuki Shirahata, Chikara Hayakawa, Yushi Hoshino, Tomoyuki Ozawa, Hidekazu Suzuki…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:382

    Content type: Research article

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  42. An autologous bone-cage made from the spinous process and laminae might provide a stability in posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) close that of the traditional-cage made of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) or...

    Authors: Haodong Zhu, Weibin Zhong, Ping Zhang, Xiaoming Liu, Junming Huang, Fatai Liu and Jian Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:379

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Proximal femoral fractures are a major socioeconomic burden and they occur mainly in geriatric patients. High mortality and complication rates are reported. To reduce the mortality and morbidity of these patie...

    Authors: Maic Werner, Olaf Krause, Christian Macke, Lambert Herold, Alexander Ranker, Christian Krettek and Emmanouil Liodakis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:371

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Surgical treatment has been recommended by most surgeons to treat pseudarthrosis in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). However, there is still some debate on the necessity of anterior fusion. There is very limited l...

    Authors: Jianqiang Kou, Jianwei Guo, Xiangli Ji, Xiaojie Tang, Xiangyun Liu, Yuanliang Sun, Xiujun Zheng and Yingzhen Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:370

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Predictors of bone deterioration after hip fracture have not been well characterized. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of physical function and lean body mass (LBM) with loss of bone densi...

    Authors: Tuuli H. Suominen, Johanna Edgren, Anu Salpakoski, Mauri Kallinen, Tomas Cervinka, Timo Rantalainen, Timo Törmäkangas, Ari Heinonen and Sarianna Sipilä

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:367

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Conservative treatment remains the preferred choice for distal radius fracture in children. However, loss of reduction is problematic, especially in an older child. Crossed Kirschner-wires is widely used to tr...

    Authors: Jin Li, Saroj Rai, Xin Tang, Renhao Ze, Ruikang Liu and Pan Hong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:365

    Content type: Research article

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