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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Pelvic ring fractures associated with vaginal injuries were rarely reported due to low incidence. The displaced segments of pelvic ring may increase the risk of vaginal injury. The aim of this retrospective st...

    Authors: Pengyu Li, Dongsheng Zhou, Baisheng Fu, Wenhao Song and Jinlei Dong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:466

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Midshaft clavicular fractures are common fractures and generally treated conservatively. Among the surgical options, plate fixation is the most popular and has been biomechanically and clinically proven in num...

    Authors: Nachapan Pengrung, Natthaphop Lakdee, Chedtha Puncreobutr, Boonrat Lohwongwatana and Paphon Sa-ngasoongsong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:465

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Intra-articular tranexamic acid (TXA) as an adjunct to intravenous TXA was reported to decrease perioperative blood loss during unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there have been no randomized ...

    Authors: Sachiyuki Tsukada, Kenji Kurosaka, Masahiro Nishino, Tetsuyuki Maeda, Yoshiharu Yonekawa and Naoyuki Hirasawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:464

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Trunk muscle dysfunction is often regarded as a key feature of non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) despite being poorly understood and variable with increases, decreases and no change in muscle activit...

    Authors: Rebecca Hemming, Liba Sheeran, Robert van Deursen and Valerie Sparkes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:459

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Scarf osteotomy (SO) was broadly applied in moderate to severe hallux valgus (MSHV), and the results were satisfactory. However, due to the complicated pathologic changes in hallux valgus, the ideal surgical t...

    Authors: Yuan Xiong, Bo Shen, Cheng Hao, Kai Xiao, Junwen Wang and Zhenhua Fang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:455

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The topic that whether the injured deltoid ligament should be repaired when associated with ankle joint fractures is still discussed. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical effect of open redu...

    Authors: Bohua Li, Shanxi Wang, Zhengdong Zhang, Hai Yang, Jun Li, Qin Li and Lei Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:453

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Hallux valgus deformity (HV) affects around every fourth individual, and surgical treatment is performed in every thousandth person. There is an ongoing quest for the best surgical management and reduction of ...

    Authors: Stephan H. Wirth, Niklas Renner, Richard Niehaus, Jan Farei-Campagna, Marcel Deggeller, Fabrice Scheurer, Katie Palmer and Thorsten Jentzsch

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a progressive disease that leads to collapse and the development of secondary arthritis. The preferred management of ONFH remains controversial. Arthroscopic-assiste...

    Authors: Mark R. Nazal, Ali Parsa and Scott D. Martin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:448

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Abscess formation in the subscapularis muscle is a rare clinical condition. Few reports are available regarding the treatment methods and surgical approaches for subscapularis intramuscular abscesses. Here, we...

    Authors: Ryogo Furuhata, Doji Inoue, Yasuhiro Kiyota, Hideo Morioka and Hiroshi Arino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:445

    Content type: Case report

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  10. The development of total knee replacement (TKR) implant designs aims to improve outcome regarding pain, function, joint stiffness, instability, patellar problems, and ultimately wear of the implant. Recently, ...

    Authors: T. Irmola, J. Kangas, A. Eskelinen, M. Niemeläinen, H. Huhtala, V. M. Mattila and T. Moilanen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:443

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Insoles are often applied as preventive therapy of flatfoot deformity, but the therapeutic effects on obese individuals are still controversial. We aimed to investigate the effect of insole use on time-depende...

    Authors: Yuki Saito, Takako S. Chikenji, Yuichi Takata, Tomoaki Kamiya and Eiichi Uchiyama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:442

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block (CPSNB) has been performed in outpatient foot and ankle surgery as a regional anesthesia method to relieve postoperative pain. Its efficacy as well as safety is yet to ...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:441

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Several methods have been reported to correct deformity and shortening of the distal radius. However, the results are not entirely satisfactory. The results of bifocal osteosynthesis were retrospectively analy...

    Authors: Junjie Guan, Hongjiang Ruan, Jimin Yin, Yimin Chai and Qinglin Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:440

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is often performed for the treatment of degenerative cervical spine. While this procedure is highly successful, 0.1–1.6% of early and late postoperative infection...

    Authors: Ying-Chun Chen, Lin Zhang, Er-Nan Li, Li-Xiang Ding, Gen-Ai Zhang, Yu Hou and Wei Yuan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:437

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Maintenance of optimal knee joint line orientation (KJLO) is important after high tibial osteotomy (HTO). No tools, however, are currently available that could predict the value of postoperative KJLO before su...

    Authors: Jae-Young Park, Chong Bum Chang, Dong-Wan Kang, Sohee Oh, Seung-Baik Kang and Myung Chul Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:434

    Content type: Research article

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  16. ASD is a relatively common degenerative alteration after cervical surgery which occurs above or below the fused segment. In addition, some patients may need reoperation to treat severe ASD after the primary su...

    Authors: Yijian Zhang, Yijie Shao, Hao Liu, Junxin Zhang, Fan He, Angela Chen, Huilin Yang and Bin Pi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:430

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Analgesic drugs are recommended to treat pain caused by osteoarthritis, and joint replacement should decrease the need for them. We aimed to determine the user rates of analgesic drugs before and after joint r...

    Authors: Tuomas J. Rajamäki Jr, Pia A. Puolakka, Aki Hietaharju, Teemu Moilanen and Esa Jämsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:427

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Intra-articular (IA) injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) (IA-HA) is a well-recognized treatment option for pain associated with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). IA-HA products differ in their HA content, mo...

    Authors: Keiji Yoshioka, Madoka Katayama, Takeo Nishiyama, Kohei Harada, Sawako Takeshita and Yuji Kawamata

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:424

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In obese patients, total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be technically demanding with increased perioperative risks. The aim of this prospective cohort study is to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on r...

    Authors: Bariq Al-Amiry, Georgios Pantelakis, Sarwar Mahmood, Bakir Kadum, Torkel B. Brismar and Arkan S. Sayed-Noor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:422

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Pain catastrophizing contributes to acute and long-term pain after knee arthroplasty (KA), but the association between pain catastrophizing and physical function is not clear.

    Authors: Sara Birch, Maiken Stilling, Inger Mechlenburg and Torben Bæk Hansen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:421

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Biomechanical changes in articular cartilage are associated with the onset of osteoarthritis. We developed an optical coherence tomography-based strain rate tomography method: stress relaxation optical coheren...

    Authors: Suguru Nakamura, Mitsuhiko Ikebuchi, Souichi Saeki, Daisuke Furukawa, Kumi Orita, Nobuo Niimi, Yoshito Tsukahara and Hiroaki Nakamura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:417

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Chronic low back pain (LBP) is common and associated with lumbar disc herniation. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the grade of lumbar disc degeneration correlates with the degree of lumbar mult...

    Authors: Cosmin Faur, Jenel M. Patrascu, Horia Haragus and Bogdan Anglitoiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:414

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Age of onset in symptomatic developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) varies. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether psychological factors, radiogr...

    Authors: Shawn Okpara, Paul Nakonezny and Joel Wells

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:412

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Developmental factors were assumed to be the key factors that influenced the morphology of femoral trochlea. This study investigated the effects of insufficient patellar stress after birth on the morphological...

    Authors: Guangmin Yang, Faquan Li, Jiangfeng Lu, Yingzhen Niu, Yike Dai, Lixiong Zuo, Gengshuang Tian and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:411

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) occurs at a relatively younger age. It is therefore important to prevent the resultant femoral head collapse and requirement of total hip arthroplasty in the...

    Authors: Yohei Tomaru, Tomokazu Yoshioka, Hisashi Sugaya, Hiroshi Kumagai, Kojiro Hyodo, Katsuya Aoto, Hiroshi Wada, Hiroshi Akaogi, Masashi Yamazaki and Hajime Mishima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:410

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The purpose of this study was to compare radiological features between high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and tibial condylar valgus osteotomy (TCVO), in order to define the radiological indication criteria for TCVO.

    Authors: Takashi Higuchi, Hironobu Koseki, Akihiko Yonekura, Ko Chiba, Yusuke Nakazoe, Shinya Sunagawa, Chieko Noguchi and Makoto Osaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:409

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Fractures of the proximal and diaphyseal femur are frequently internally fixed using a fracture table. Moreover, some femoral neck fractures may be treated with total hip arthroplasty using a direct anterior a...

    Authors: Morad Mohamad, Alexandre Ansorge, Diogo Vieira Cardoso and Axel Gamulin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:406

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Postoperative neck tilt (PNT) is a phenomenon in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients which is distinct form shoulder imbalance. There were scarce studies performed to explore the risk factors for PN...

    Authors: Yilin Yang, Mingyuan Yang, Zongde Yang, Kai Chen, Jinyi Bai, Jian Zhao, Haijian Ni, Changwei Yang and Ming Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:405

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The Constant score (CS) is one of the most frequently applied tools for the assessment of the shoulder joint. However, evaluation of strength is not standardized leading to potential bias when comparing differ...

    Authors: Patrick Ziegler, Luise Kühle, Ulrich Stöckle, Elke Wintermeyer, Laura E. Stollhof, Christoph Ihle and Christian Bahrs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:403

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The lower limb joints, including hip and knee, are the most commonly involved joints in haemophilic arthropathy. With a higher risk of transfusion, total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) are still the f...

    Authors: Ze Yu Huang, Qiang Huang, Han Jiang Zeng, Jun Ma, Bin Shen, Zong Ke Zhou and Fu Xing Pei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:402

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Stress fracture of the lateral tubercle of the posterior talar process in runners is extremely rare. Here, we describe a case of a female long-distance runner who sustained a stress fracture of the lateral tub...

    Authors: Maya Kubo, Youichi Yasui, Shinya Miki, Hirotaka Kawano and Wataru Miyamoto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:401

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Thoracolumbar fractures are most frequent along the spine, and surgical treatment is indicated for unstable fractures. Percutaneous minimally invasive surgery was introduced to reduce the pain associated with ...

    Authors: Helton L. A. Defino, Herton R. T. Costa, Altacílio A. Nunes, Marcello Nogueira Barbosa and Valéria Romero

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:397

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries commonly involves the use of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) artificial ligaments for reconstruction. However, the currently available methods require long fix...

    Authors: Takuya Egawa, Yusuke Inagaki, Manabu Akahane, Akira Furukawa, Kazuya Inoue, Munehiro Ogawa and Yasuhito Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:396

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The correlation between peripheral blood neutrophil level and osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) has not been extensively studied. Thus, we aimed to investigate the correlation between neutrophil level i...

    Authors: Jiang Jiang, Xuqiang Liu, Baojian Lai, Dengjiong Hu, Lizhen Lai, Jiaxiang Xu, Songqing Chen and Xiaofeng Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:393

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Subtrochanteric femur fractures (SFF) are uncommon, but have a high complication rate concerning non-union and mechanical complications. There is ongoing discussion about risk factors for delayed fracture heal...

    Authors: Viola Freigang, Franziska Gschrei, Himanshu Bhayana, Paul Schmitz, Johannes Weber, Maximilian Kerschbaum, Michael Nerlich and Florian Baumann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:391

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) for patients with degenerative lumbar disc herniation, stenosis or instability undergoing posterior lumbar fusi...

    Authors: Jianzhong Bai, Pei Zhang, Yuan Liang, Jingcheng Wang and Yongxiang Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:390

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Lithium, an established psychiatric medication, has recently been shown to enhance new bone formation in preclinical fracture models. Current research is focused on evaluating the efficacy of low-dose, short-t...

    Authors: Kathak Vachhani, Cari M. Whyne, Ayal Schaffer and Diane Nam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:389

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Ankle fractures cause considerable pain, loss of function and healthcare resource use. High quality randomised controlled trials are required to evaluate the optimal management protocols for ankle fracture. Ho...

    Authors: Rebecca McKeown, Abdul-Rasheed Rabiu, David R. Ellard and Rebecca S. Kearney

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:388

    Content type: Research article

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  39. This study evaluated the technical adequacy of trans-articular sacroiliac joint (SIJ) fusion using three screws for non-traumatic SIJ pain, considering different grades of sacral dysplasia.

    Authors: Soo-An Park, Dai-Soon Kwak and Ho-Jung Cho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:386

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is used increasingly in younger patients. There is little knowledge about the effect of THA characteristics on risk of revision, especially in young patients. Therefore, we studied...

    Authors: M. F. L. Kuijpers, G. Hannink, S. B. W. Vehmeijer, L. N. van Steenbergen and B. W. Schreurs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:385

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Our hypothesis was that minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) using long philos plate (LPP) would show better clinical and radiological outcomes and less complications than narrow locking compression ...

    Authors: Jae-Jung Jeong, Sang-Eun Park, Hwan-Hee Lee, Jong-Hun Ji, Min-Sik Park and Yong-Taek Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:381

    Content type: Research article

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  42. At present, bicortical pedicle screws (BPSs) are not used clinically because they carry the potential risk of damaging the prevertebral great vessels (PGVs). The authors observed the anatomical relationship be...

    Authors: Liehua Liu, Haoming Wang, Jiangang Wang, Qian Wang, Shiming Cheng, Ying Li, Weidong Jin, Zili Wang and Qiang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:380

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Corticosteroid injection is frequently used for plantar heel pain (plantar fasciitis), although there is limited high-quality evidence to support this treatment. Therefore, this study reviewed randomised trial...

    Authors: Glen A. Whittaker, Shannon E. Munteanu, Hylton B. Menz, Daniel R. Bonanno, James M. Gerrard and Karl B. Landorf

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:378

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a rare complication that can occur between 12 and 72 h after the initial insult. Isolated cerebral FES without pulmonary symptoms is rarer. Early fracture fixation might prevent ...

    Authors: Chin-Kai Huang, Chih-Yuan Huang, Chia-Lung Li, Jui-Ming Yang, Chin-Hsien Wu, Chih-Hui Chen and Po-Ting Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:377

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Obesity and radiological severity have been identified to be independent predictors of a low rate of response to viscosupplementation (VS), in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Is that enough to formally...

    Authors: Thierry Conrozier, Florent Eymard, Mickael Chouk and Xavier Chevalier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:376

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow is a frequent condition with long-lasting symptoms. In order to identify predictors for treatment success and pain in lateral epicondylitis, we used data from a randomized...

    Authors: Øystein Holmedal, Morten Olaussen, Ibrahimu Mdala, Bård Natvig and Morten Lindbæk

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:375

    Content type: Research article

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  47. A displaced femoral neck fracture (FNF) in patients 55-70 years is a serious injury with a high risk of treatment failure and the optimal surgical treatment remains unclear. We aimed to describe characteristic...

    Authors: Stefan Bartels, Jan-Erik Gjertsen, Frede Frihagen, Cecilia Rogmark and Stein Erik Utvåg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:371

    Content type: Research article

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