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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The social impact of degenerative diseases is steadily increasing, because of the continued rise in the mean age of the active population. Articular cartilage lesions are generally associated with disability a...

    Authors: G. Cattaneo, A. De Caro, F. Napoli, D. Chiapale, P. Trada and A. Camera

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:176

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Aseptic loosening and osteolysis are the most common indications after TKA for revision surgery. This meta-analysis which included high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to analyze the effect o...

    Authors: Mingmin Shi, Lei Chen, Haobo Wu, Yangxin Wang, Wei Wang, Yujie Zhang and Shigui Yan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:177

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  3. Content type: Research article

    This prospective study evaluates outcomes and reoperation rates for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) from a single non-designer surgeon using relatively extended criteria of degenerative changes of gra...

    Authors: Jonathan R. B. Hutt, Avtar Sur, Hartej Sur, Aine Ringrose and Mark S. Rickman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:172

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Rockwood type IV acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocation is a trauma usually needs surgical treatment. Paired EndoButton technique (PET) is used in treating such condition. However, the effect of using diffe...

    Authors: Jian Xu, Haifeng Liu, Wei Lu, Dingfu Li, Weimin Zhu, Kan Ouyang, Bing Wu, Liangquan Peng and Daping Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:170

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Displaced transverse fractures of the body of the patella are usually associated with disruption of extensor mechanism and should be fixed surgically. The most common method is a tension band wiring (TBW) tech...

    Authors: Tien-Yu Yang, Tsan-Wen Huang, Po-Yao Chuang and Kuo-Chin Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:167

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  6. Content type: Research article

    As findings regarding predictors for good outcome after total joint arthroplasty are highly inconsistent, aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the psychosocial variables sense of coherence and...

    Authors: Marion Lindner, Olaf Nosseir, Anett Keller-Pliessnig, Per Teigelack, Martin Teufel and Sefik Tagay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:159

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of our study was to evaluate safety, feasibility and clinical results of bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMC) implantation for early-stage osteonecrosis of the knee (OK) secondary to sickle cell dise...

    Authors: Gildasio Daltro, Bruno Adelmo Franco, Thiago Batista Faleiro, Davi Araujo Veiga Rosário, Paula Braga Daltro, Roberto Meyer and Vitor Fortuna

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:158

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Outcomes of total knee replacement in cases of hemophilic patients are worse than in patients who undergo operations due to osteoarthritis. Previous publications have reported varying rates of complications in...

    Authors: Radovan Kubeš, Peter Salaj, Rastislav Hromádka, Josef Včelák, Aleš Antonín Kuběna, Monika Frydrychová, Štěpán Magerský, Michal Burian, Martin Ošťádal and Jan Vaculik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:162

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Atypical lipomatous tumours (ALT) are common adipocytic tumours. Due to their large size and deep-seated location, wide resection might result in severe functional deficits. The question which margins should b...

    Authors: Jessica Rauh, Alexander Klein, Andrea Baur-Melnyk, Thomas Knösel, Lars Lindner, Falk Roeder, Volkmar Jansson and Hans Roland Dürr

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:152

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Pain and disability associated with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) results in significant burden on both the patients’ quality of life and healthcare costs. Currently, there is controversy regardi...

    Authors: Qi Lai, Tian Gao, Xin Lv, Xuqiang Liu, Zongmiao Wan, Min Dai, Bin Zhang and Tao Nie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:151

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Most studies demonstrated, that training on a virtual reality based arthroscopy simulator leads to an improvement of technical skills in orthopaedic surgery. However, how long and what kind of training is opti...

    Authors: Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, David E. Bauer, Felix WA Waibel, Dominik C. Meyer, Christian Gerber and Sandro F. Fucentese

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:150

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  12. Content type: Research article

    A structured approach to perioperative patient management based on an enhanced recovery pathway protocol facilitates early recovery and reduces morbidity in high income countries. However, in low- and middle-i...

    Authors: U. Plenge, M. B. Nortje, L. C. Marais, J. D. Jordaan, R. Parker, N. van der Westhuizen, J. F. van der Merwe, J. Marais, W. V. September, G. L. Davies, T. Pretorius, C. Solomon, P. Ryan, A. M. Torborg, Z. Farina, R. Smit…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:140

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The gene of pituitary homeobox 1 (PITX1) has been reported to be down-regulated in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), of which the cause has not been well addressed. The abnormal DNA methylation was recent...

    Authors: Benlong Shi, Liang Xu, Saihu Mao, Leilei Xu, Zhen Liu, Xu Sun, Zezhang Zhu and Yong Qiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:138

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In lateral epicondylitis, even in the absence of apparent instability, subtle instability can be found under anesthesia. We wanted to ascertain the following: (1) how many elbows surgically treated with latera...

    Authors: Sang Ho Kwak, Seung-Jun Lee, Hee Seok Jeong, Min Uk Do and Kuen Tak Suh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:136

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Several patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are available for assessing the outcomes of ankle fracture but few have been compared for recommended measurement properties. This study compares the measureme...

    Authors: Andrew M. Garratt, Markus G. Naumann, Ulf Sigurdsen, Stein Erik Utvåg and Knut Stavem

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:134

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Distal radial fractures are one of the most common orthopaedic cases that present to the A&E department. Surgical intervention is warranted in displaced intraarticular fractures and fractures with more than th...

    Authors: V. D. Varghese, Peter Smitham, Stuart Howell, Suzanne Edwards and Mark Rickman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:131

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Concurrent prophylactic femoral varization osteotomy (FVO) for stable hips has been performed in patients with cerebral palsy (CP) undergoing hip reconstructive surgery for the contralateral displaced hip. How...

    Authors: Ki Hyuk Sung, Soon-Sun Kwon, Chin Youb Chung, Kyoung Min Lee, Jaeyoung Kim, Seung Yeol Lee and Moon Seok Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:130

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this analysis is to evaluate the necessity of large clinical trials using FLOW trial data.

    Authors: Sheila Sprague, Paul Tornetta III, Gerard P. Slobogean, Nathan N. O’Hara, Paula McKay, Brad Petrisor, Kyle J. Jeray, Emil H. Schemitsch, David Sanders and Mohit Bhandari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:124

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is today’s surgical gold standard for ACL rupture. Although it provides satisfactory results, not all patients return to their previous activity level and moreov...

    Authors: Barbara C. Boer, Roy A. G. Hoogeslag, Reinoud W. Brouwer, Anna Demmer and Rianne M. H. A. Huis in ‘t Veld

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:127

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare knee kinematics and stability following either triangular or anatomical reconstruction of the superficial medial collateral ligament (sMCL) and posterior o...

    Authors: Xiaomeng Wang, Huixin Liu, Guman Duan, Yingzhen Niu, Chang Liu and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:125

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have suggested that distinct and homogenous sub-groups of gait patterns exist among runners with patellofemoral pain (PFP), based on gait analysis. However, acquisition of 3D kinematic data us...

    Authors: Ricky Watari, Sean T. Osis, Angkoon Phinyomark and Reed Ferber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:120

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  22. Content type: Research article

    For a distal tibial spiral fracture combined with a non-displaced posterior malleolar fragment (PMF), we proposed a hypothesis that the treating surgeon could assess the size of the PMF to determine the need f...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Xiaodong Qin, Lijun Song and Xiang Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:123

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Hip arthroscopic treatment is not equally beneficial for every patient undergoing this procedure. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a clinical prediction model for functional outcome after su...

    Authors: Patrick Stephan, Maarten A. Röling, Nina M. C. Mathijssen, Gerjon Hannink and Rolf M. Bloem

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:122

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is the classic surgical treatment for symptomatic cervical degenerative disc disease (CDDD). However, there is controversy over the best surgical management in pa...

    Authors: Zongyu Zhang, Yawei Li and Weimin Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:119

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Volar locking plating through the flexor carpi radialis is a well-established technique for treating unstable distal radial fractures, with few reported complications. In certain circumstances, including metap...

    Authors: Jae-Man Kwak and Gu-Hee Jung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:117

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  26. Content type: Research article

    To explore the relationship between the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) and the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP).

    Authors: Wei Xu, Silian Wang, Chao Chen, Yifan Li, Yunhan Ji, Xiaodong Zhu and Zhikun Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:114

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Due to the intraarticular and complex nature of the coronal shear fracture of the humeral capitellum and its rarity, it has been difficult to formulate a universally accepted method of surgical management. The...

    Authors: Tengbo Yu, Hao Tao, Fenglei Xu, Yanling Hu, Chengdong Zhang and Guangjie Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:108

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    In the literature, there are numerous studies that compare different surgical procedures in the treatment of distal radius fractures (DRF). It is, however, unknown whether operative treatment and better restor...

    Authors: Teemu P. Hevonkorpi, Antti P. Launonen, Lauri Raittio, Toni Luokkala, Juha Kukkonen, Aleksi Reito, Bakir O. Sumrein, Minna K. Laitinen and Ville M. Mattila

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:106

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the mid- to long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of anterior cervical discectomy and dynamic cervical implant (DCI) arthroplasty for degenerative cervical disc disease.

    Authors: Lin-nan Wang, Bo-wen Hu, Lei Wang, Yue-ming Song, Xi Yang, Li-min Liu and Hao Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:101

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  30. Content type: Technical advance

    The design and application of assisted instrumentation for internal fixation of femoral neck fractures with multiple screws are still evolving. A novel guide based on a femoral neck section was designed to imp...

    Authors: Qiuliang Zhu, Bin Xu, Jinzhu Lv and Maohua Yan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:104

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Whether reconstruction is more beneficial after iliosacral bone tumor resection remains controversial. Because of high rates of complications and recurrence, few patients benefit from reconstruction. The aim o...

    Authors: Tao JIN, Weifeng LIU, Hairong XU, Yuan LI, Lin HAO and Xiaohui NIU

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:102

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Magnesium (Mg) released from Mg-based implants degradation is believed to be effective in improving osteogenesis, however, studies focusing on Mg-based interbody cages are limited and fusion success was never ...

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Haocheng Xu, Hongli Wang, Fang Geng, Xiaosheng Ma, Minghao Shao, Shun Xu, Feizhou Lu and Jianyuan Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:105

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  33. Content type: Research article

    A progressive deformity associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) negatively affects a patient’s health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Although the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) is the s...

    Authors: Toru Doi, Hirokazu Inoue, Yasuhisa Arai, Osamu Shirado, Tokuhide Doi, Ken Yamazaki, Koki Uno, Haruhisa Yanagida and Katsushi Takeshita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:99

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The presence of bridging syndesmophytes (BS) in spinal osteotomy region serves traditionally as one critical determinant for selection of osteotomy techniques. While nowadays the proportion of kyphotic ankylos...

    Authors: Sai-hu Mao, Zong-xian Feng, Bang-ping Qian and Yong Qiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:97

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Spondylolytic (or lytic) spondylolisthesis is often associated with disc degeneration at the index-level; however, it is not clear if disc degeneration is the cause or the consequence of lytic spondylolisthesi...

    Authors: Vivek A. S. Ramakrishna, Uphar Chamoli, Luke L. Viglione, Naomi Tsafnat and Ashish D. Diwan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:98

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Pre-pubertal idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is associated with high risk of bracing ineffectiveness. Integrated multidimensional maturity assessments are useful but complex to predict the high-risk occurrence of cu...

    Authors: Sai-hu Mao, Xu Sun, Ben-long Shi, Yong Qiu, Bang-ping Qian and Jack C. Y. Cheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:88

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    A variety of cast options are available for the non-surgical treatment of distal radius fractures (DRF) in adults. However, the literature is inconclusive regarding the need to immobilize the elbow joint after...

    Authors: Aldo Okamura, Gabriel Maciel de Mendonça, Jorge Raduan Neto, Vinicius Ynoe de Moraes, Flavio Faloppa and João Carlos Belloti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:92

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The number of hip and knee arthroplasties completed is expected to double over the next decade. In public hospitals, regular post-arthroplasty orthopaedic review has commonly occurred for the duration of a pat...

    Authors: Bill Reynolds, Nick Maister, Stephen D. Gill, Shaun Waring, Peter Schoch, Sally Beattie, Andrew Thomson and Richard S. Page

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:91

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The treatment of comminuted radial head fractures can include prosthetic replacement or open reduction and internal fixation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of two different internal fixa...

    Authors: Luigi Tarallo, Raffaele Mugnai, Martina Rocchi, Francesco Capra and Fabio Catani

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:94

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Although randomized controlled trials have confirmed oral tranexamic acid (TXA) can provide similar blood-sparing efficacy compared with intravenous (IV) TXA in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), some concerns do ...

    Authors: Duan Wang, Hui Zhu, Wei-Kun Meng, Hao-Yang Wang, Ze-Yu Luo, Fu-Xing Pei, Qi Li and Zong-Ke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:85

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Simultaneous motion of the knee and ankle joints is required for many activities including gait. We aimed to evaluate the influence of surgery involving tendons around the knee on ankle motion during gait in t...

    Authors: Seung Yeol Lee, Soon-Sun Kwon, Chin Youb Chung, Kyoung Min Lee, Ki Hyuk Sung, Sangwoo Kim and Moon Seok Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:82

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The ideal treatment for comminuted intraarticular calcaneal fractures is still debated. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is the most popular surgical procedure; however, wound complications, implant...

    Authors: Jen-Ta Shih, Chun-Lin Kuo, Tsu-Te Yeh, Hsain-Chung Shen, Ru-Yu Pan and Chia-Chun Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:77

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  43. Content type: Research article

    A proper restoration of sagittal alignment is essential in AIS patients, but few studies provided a formula to predict an optimal surgical thoracic kyphosis (TK) gain in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) p...

    Authors: Shunan Liu, Yuancheng Zhang, Hongda Bao, Peng Yan, Zezhang Zhu, Zhen Liu, Bangping Qian and Yong Qiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:74

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Clinically there are different fixation methods used for fixation of the posterior malleolar fractures (PMF), but the best treatment modality is still not clear. Few studies have concentrated on this issue, le...

    Authors: Adeel Anwar, Zhen Zhang, Decheng Lv, Gang Lv, Zhi Zhao, Yanfeng Wang, Yue Cai, Wasim Qasim, Muhammad Umar Nazir and Ming Lu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:73

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The patient-rated Core Outcome Measures Index (COMI) assesses the multidimensional impact of back problems on the sufferer. The brevity and comprehensibility of the tool make it practical for use in clinical a...

    Authors: Ko Matsudaira, Hiroyuki Oka, Yasushi Oshima, Hirotaka Chikuda, Yuki Taniguchi, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Mika Kawaguchi, Emiko Sato, Haruka Murano, Thomas Laurent, Sakae Tanaka and Anne F. Mannion

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:71

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  46. Content type: Review

    The utility of nanotechnology in medicine, specifically within the field of orthopedics, is a topic of extensive research. Our review provides a unique comprehensive overview of the current and potential futur...

    Authors: Walter Ryan Smith, Parke William Hudson, Brent Andrew Ponce and Sakthivel Rajan Rajaram Manoharan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:67

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has identified preoperative determinants that predict health related quality of life (HRQoL), functioning and pain after total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA), but these differed between s...

    Authors: Stefanie N. Hofstede, Maaike G. J. Gademan, Theo Stijnen, Rob G. H. H. Nelissen and Perla J. Marang- van de Mheen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:68

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  48. Content type: Case report

    We report the successful use of allograft–prosthesis composite (APC) and structural femoral head allografting in the bilateral reconstruction of large femoral and tibial uncontained defects during revision tot...

    Authors: Sung-Hyun Lee, Sung-Hyun Noh, Keun-Churl Chun, Joung-Kyue Han and Churl-Hong Chun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:69

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Around 100,000 children are born annually with clubfoot worldwide and 80% live in low and middle-income counties (LMICs). Clubfoot is a condition in which children are born with one or both feet twisted inward...

    Authors: Sarah Drew, Rachael Gooberman-Hill and Christopher Lavy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:72

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