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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Limb lengthening with external fixation is performed to treat patients with leg length discrepancy or short stature. Although the procedure has a high rate of success, one potential drawback from limb lengthen...

    Authors: Julio J. Jauregui, Anthony V. Ventimiglia, Preston W. Grieco, David B. Frumberg and John E. Herzenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:407

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Comparing movements/postures in people with and without lower back pain (LBP) may assist identifying LBP-specific dysfunction and its relationship to pain or activity limitation. This study compared the consis...

    Authors: Robert A. Laird, Peter Kent and Jennifer L. Keating

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:403

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In Taiwan, the life expectancy of an 80-year-old man is 88.4 years and the life expectancy of an 80-year-old woman is 89.8 years. Some of these people will develop symptomatic degenerative lumbar diseases that...

    Authors: Jen-Chung Liao, Ping-Yeh Chiu, Wen-Jer Chen, Lih-Hui Chen and Chi-Chien Niu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:402

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Improper femoral and acetabular component positioning can be associated with instability, impingement, component wear and finally patient dissatisfaction in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The concept of “femur ...

    Authors: Michael Worlicek, Markus Weber, Benjamin Craiovan, Michael Wörner, Florian Völlner, Hans R. Springorum, Joachim Grifka and Tobias Renkawitz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:399

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Total hip replacement (THR) is the preferred method for the active and lucid elderly patient with a displaced femoral neck fracture (FNF). But controversy still exists regarding using cemented or uncemented st...

    Authors: Ghazi Chammout, Olle Muren, Henrik Bodén, Mats Salemyr and Olof Sköldenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:398

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Femoral bone remodeling in response to stress shielding induces periprosthetic bone loss. Computerized finite element analysis (FEA) is employed to demonstrate differences in initial stress distribution. Howev...

    Authors: Kanehiro Matsuyama, Yasuhiro Ishidou, Yong-Ming Guo, Hironori Kakoi, Takao Setoguchi, Satoshi Nagano, Ichiro Kawamura, Shingo Maeda and Setsuro Komiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:397

    Content type: Research article

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  7. BoneTour is a campaign conducted throughout the Italian territory for the assessment of Italian people bone status and for the prevention of osteoporosis.

    Authors: Loredana Cavalli, Andrea Guazzini, Luisella Cianferotti, Simone Parri, Tiziana Cavalli, Alessia Metozzi, Francesca Giusti, Caterina Fossi, Dennis M. Black and Maria Luisa Brandi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:396

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cemented stems show good long-term results and the survival of new implants can be predicted by their early subsidence. With EBRA-FCA (Femoral Component Analysis using Einzel-Bild-Röntgen-Analyse) early subsid...

    Authors: Wolf Siepen, Lukas Zwicky, Karl Kilian Stoffel, Thomas Ilchmann and Martin Clauss

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:395

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is a commonly used metric for measuring change in mobility after knee arthroplasty, however, what is considered an improvement after surgery has not been defined. The determinatio...

    Authors: J. M. Naylor, K. Mills, M. Buhagiar, R. Fortunato and R. Wright

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:390

    Content type: Research article

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  10. With the exception of normal anatomic changes in the medial collateral ligament and radial head, other factors related to carrying angle changes have not been systematically studied. We reviewed patients who u...

    Authors: Dapeng Fan, Wei Wang, Kevin A. Hildebrand and Cun-yi Fan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:388

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Horizontal instability impairs clinical outcome following acute acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) reconstruction and may be caused by insufficient healing of the superior acromioclavicular ligament complex (ACLC)....

    Authors: Dirk Maier, Martin Jaeger, Kilian Reising, Matthias J. Feucht, Norbert P. Südkamp and Kaywan Izadpanah

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:385

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have long been suspected of negatively affecting fracture healing, although numerous disputes still exist and little data are available regarding diclofenac. Gluc...

    Authors: Oliver Bissinger, Kilian Kreutzer, Carolin Götz, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Christoph Pautke, Stephan Vogt, Gabriele Wexel, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Thomas Tischer and Peter Michael Prodinger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:383

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Posterior hemivertebra resection has become a safe and effective procedure for congenital scoliosis due to hemivertebra. However, there are still complications following primary posterior hemivertebra resectio...

    Authors: Jianwei Guo, Jianguo Zhang, Shengru Wang, Hai Wang, Yanbin Zhang, Yang Yang, Xinyu Yang and Lijuan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:380

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The latest generation of shoulder arthroplasty includes canal-sparing respectively stemless designs that have been developed to allow restoration of the glenohumeral center of rotation independently from the s...

    Authors: Nael Hawi, Mark Tauber, Michael Joseph Messina, Peter Habermeyer and Frank Martetschläger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:376

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Optimal treatment of the diseased long head of the biceps (LHB) tendon during rotator cuff repair remains a topic of debate: tenotomy or tenodesis. A recent meta analysis revealed no difference in strength or ...

    Authors: Derek Friedrich Petrus van Deurzen, Vanessa Antoinet Bernice Scholtes, Nienke Willemien Willigenburg, Navin Gurnani, Lukas Pieter Eduard Verweij and Michel Pieter Jozef van den Bekerom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:375

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. A prospective cohort study was performed to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes following posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in patients treated with a PEEK cage compared to those treated wit...

    Authors: Bin Lin, Hui Yu, Zhida Chen, Zhuanzhi Huang and Wenbin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:374

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Both increased knee muscle co-contraction and alterations in central pain processing have been suggested to play a role in knee osteoarthritis pain. However, current interventions do not target either of these...

    Authors: Stephen J. Preece, Richard K. Jones, Christopher A. Brown, Timothy W. Cacciatore and Anthony K. P. Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:372

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Humeral shaft fractures are generally managed with the conventional posterior open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO). This study was aimed at comparing th...

    Authors: Zichao Xue, Chaolai Jiang, Chuanzhen Hu, Hui Qin, Haoliang Ding and Zhiquan An

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:370

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Spinous process has been routinely resected during posterior fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis for fusion bed preparation and local autologous bone graft supplement. However, spinous process serves as ...

    Authors: Yu-Cheng Yeh, Chi-Chien Niu, Lih-Huei Chen, Wen-Jer Chen and Po-Liang Lai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:366

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Current glenoid defect measurement techniques only quantify bone loss in terms of defect diameter or surface. However, the glenoid depth plays an important role in shoulder stabilization by means of concavity ...

    Authors: Philipp Moroder, Franziska Haniel, Michael Quirchmayr, Eva Schulz, Manfred Eppel, Nicholas Matis, Alexander Auffarth and Herbert Resch

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:357

    Content type: Case report

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  21. There are many different reasons why patients could be experiencing pain in the gluteal area. Previous studies have shown an association between radicular low back pain (LBP) and gluteal pain (GP). Studies loc...

    Authors: Guofang Fang, Jianhe Zhou, Yutan Liu, Hongxun Sang, Xiangyang Xu and Zihai Ding

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:356

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Following lumbar fusion surgery, a successful outcome is empirically linked to effective rehabilitation. While rehabilitation is typically postoperative, the phase before surgery – termed prehabilitation – is rep...

    Authors: Hanna Lotzke, Max Jakobsson, Helena Brisby, Annelie Gutke, Olle Hägg, Rob Smeets, Marlies den Hollander, Lars-Eric Olsson and Mari Lundberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:349

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Giant cell tumors (GCTs) located in the distal radius are likely to recur, and the treatment of such recurrent tumors is very difficult. Here, we report our clinical experience in distal radius reconstruction ...

    Authors: Yun-fa Yang, Jian-wei Wang, Pin Huang and Zhong-he Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:346

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Simple bone cysts are common benign lytic bone lesions in children. The main goals of treatment for bone cysts are to prevent pathological fractures, support the healing process, and prevent recurrence. This r...

    Authors: Wenchao Li, Ruijiang Xu, Minghua Du and Hui Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:343

    Content type: Research article

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  25. There are two primary surgical techniques to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), transtibial (TT) technique and anteromedial portal (AMP) technique. Currently, there is no consensus which surgica...

    Authors: Simeon J. S. Ruiter, Reinoud W. Brouwer, Tim W. G. M. Meys, Cornelis H. Slump and Jos J. A. M. van Raay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:334

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Relative young and more active patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the isolated medial femorotibial compartment in conjunction with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency are difficult to treat. The aim ...

    Authors: Shaoqi Tian, Bin Wang, Yuanhe Wang, Chengzhi Ha, Lun Liu and Kang Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:327

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Autologous blood transfusion (ABT) drainage system is a new unwashed salvaged blood retransfusion system for total knee replacement (TKA). However, whether to use ABT drainage, closed-suction (CS) drainage or ...

    Authors: Kun-hao Hong, Jian-ke Pan, Wei-yi Yang, Ming-hui Luo, Shu-chai Xu and Jun Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:142

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis (TTCA) using intramedullary nails is a salvage procedure for many diseases in the ankle and subtalar joint. Despite “newly described intramedullary nails” with specific anatomica...

    Authors: Julia Evers, Martin Schulze, Dominic Gehweiler, Martin Lakemeier, Michael J. Raschke, Dirk Wähnert and Sabine Ochman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:318

    Content type: Technical advance

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  29. Intravenous tranexamic acid (IV TXA) is one of the most effective agents in use for reducing blood loss following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) but its safety regarding venous thromboembolic events (VTEs) rema...

    Authors: P Pinsornsak, S Rojanavijitkul and S Chumchuen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:313

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a novel self-administered questionnaire for assessing the patient’s own range of motion (ROM) of the wrist and the elbow.

    Authors: Marc Schnetzke, Svenja Schüler, Holger Keil, Sara Aytac, Stefan Studier-Fischer, Paul-Alfred Grützner and Thorsten Guehring

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:312

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Femoral neck fractures are a common occurrence in patients suffering from osteoporosis, while intracapsular hip fracture is rare in cases of osteoarthritis of the hip. Previous histomorphometric studies have e...

    Authors: Jan Vaculík, Martin Braun, Pavel Dungl, Karel Pavelka and Jan J. Stepan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:308

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Although there are many studies discussing the etiological and pathological factors leading to both, acute and chronic tendon injuries, the pathophysiology of tendon injuries is still not clearly understood. A...

    Authors: Esra Arslan, Thomas Nellesen, Andreas Bayer, Andreas Prescher, Sebastian Lippross, Sven Nebelung, Holger Jahr, Christine Jaeger, Wolf Dietrich Huebner, Horst Fischer, Marcus Stoffel, Mehdi Shakibaei, Thomas Pufe and Mersedeh Tohidnezhad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:307

    Content type: Research article

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  33. There is approximately a 17 % dissatisfaction rate with knee replacements. Calls for tools that can pre-operatively identify patients at risk of being dissatisfied have been widespread. However, it is not know...

    Authors: Timothy Barlow, Patricia Scott, Damian Griffin and Alba Realpe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:304

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Cartilage tissue engineering is a promising approach for repairing and regenerating cartilage tissue. To date, attempts have been made to construct zonal cartilage that mimics the cartilaginous matrix in diffe...

    Authors: Xiang Ren, Fuyou Wang, Cheng Chen, Xiaoyuan Gong, Li Yin and Liu Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:301

    Content type: Research article

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  35. For osteoporotic femoral neck fractures, suitable bone-implant stability is critical for pain relief, early return to daily activities and reduction of complications. Teriparatide (parathyroid hormone [PTH1-34...

    Authors: Tsan-Wen Huang, Kuo-Chin Huang, Shih-Jie Lin, Po-Yao Chuang, Hsin-Nung Shih, Mel S. Lee, Robert Wen-Wei Hsu and Wun-Jer Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:300

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Patient participation is an important indicator of quality care. Currently, there is little evidence to support the belief that participation in care is possible for patients during the acute postoperative per...

    Authors: Jo McDonall, Richard de Steiger, John Reynolds, Bernice Redley, Patricia Livingston and Mari Botti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:294

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Focal lesions to the articular cartilage in the knee might have demolishing consequences to the knee. There exists a wide range of possible surgical procedures targeting these injuries, however no significant ...

    Authors: Tommy Frøseth Aae, Per-Henrik Randsborg, Anne Berg Breen, Håvard Visnes, Søren Vindfeld, Einar Andreas Sivertsen, Sverre Løken, Jan Brinchmann, Heidi Andreassen Hanvold and Asbjørn Årøen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:292

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. The treatment of elderly patients with Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) remains clinically challenging, and clinical data are very lacking. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate pain and functional ou...

    Authors: Xin Tang, Jing Zhu, Zongke Zhou, Bin Shen, Pengde Kang, Fuxing Pei and Jian Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:289

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The management of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs) remains challenging and controversial. A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare percutaneous reduction, cannul...

    Authors: Yongzeng Feng, Xiaolong Shui, Jianshun Wang, Leyi Cai, Yang Yu, Xiaozhou Ying, Jianzhong Kong and Jianjun Hong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:288

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Tibial head depression fractures demand a high level of fracture stabilization to prevent a secondary loss of reduction after surgery. Elderly individuals are at an increased risk of developing these fractures...

    Authors: Martin C. Jordan, Christina Zimmermann, Sheridan A. Gho, Soenke P. Frey, Torsten Blunk, Rainer H. Meffert and Stefanie Hoelscher-Doht

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:287

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Reconstruction of a segmental fracture with massive bone loss is still a challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. The aim of our study was to develop a suitable biodegradable thermosensitive hydrogel system as a ca...

    Authors: Kuo-Ti Peng, Meng-Yow Hsieh, Carl T. Lin, Chin-Fu Chen, Mel S. Lee, Yi-You Huang and Pey-Jium Chang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:286

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Calcification of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the knee is a very rare disease. We report on a case of a patient with a calcifying lesion within the MCL and simultaneous calcifying tendinitis of the ...

    Authors: Yama Kamawal, Andre F. Steinert, Boris M. Holzapfel, Maximilian Rudert and Thomas Barthel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:283

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Physical activity levels are decreased and sedentary behaviour levels are increased in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, previous studies have shown that following total knee arthroplasty (TKA),...

    Authors: Rebecca M. Meiring, Emmanuel Frimpong, Lipalo Mokete, Jurek Pietrzak, Dick Van Der Jagt, Mohammed Tikly and Joanne A. McVeigh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:281

    Content type: Study protocol

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  44. In total hip arthroplasty (THA), tilting of the pelvis alters the cup placement angles. Thus, the cup angles need to be planned with consideration of the effects of pelvic tilt. In the present study, we evalua...

    Authors: Yutaka Inaba, Naomi Kobayashi, Haruka Suzuki, Hiroyuki Ike, So Kubota and Tomoyuki Saito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:280

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Identifying patients who will benefit from spine surgery is still a challenge. This is especially the case when patients’ complaints and medical history, together with clinical observations, do not correspond ...

    Authors: Ulf Krister Hofmann, Marco Gesicki and Falk Mittag

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:275

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Having observed a tendency towards femoral overgrowth (FO) of the affected limb in children with atrophic-type congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT), we aimed to identify the incidence of, contributors ...

    Authors: Mi Hyun Song, Moon Seok Park, Won Joon Yoo, Tae-Joon Cho and In Ho Choi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:274

    Content type: Research article

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