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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Lumbar spondylolisthesis (LS) and lumbar instability (LI) are common disorders in patients with low back or lumbar radicular pain. However, few physical examination tests for LS and LI have been reported. In t...

    Authors: Kang Ahn and Hyung-Joon Jhun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:97

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Lumbar spinal stenosis is the most common reason for spinal surgery in elderly patients. However, the surgical management of spinal stenosis is controversial. The aim of this review was to list aspects a surge...

    Authors: Jakob M Burgstaller, François Porchet, Johann Steurer and Maria M Wertli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:96

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Cementless hip cups need sufficient primary tilting stability to achieve osseointegration. The aim of the study was to assess differences of the primary implant stability in osteoporotic bone and in bone with ...

    Authors: Christoph von Schulze Pellengahr, Lars V von Engelhardt, Bernd Wegener, Peter E Müller, Andreas Fottner, Patrick Weber, Ole Ackermann, Matthias Lahner and Wolfram Teske

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:95

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Physical forces have been widely used to stimulate bone growth in fracture repair. Addition of bone growth stimulation to the conservative treatment regime is more costly than standard health care. However, it...

    Authors: Pascal F W Hannemann, Brigitte A B Essers, Judith P M Schots, Koen Dullaert, Martijn Poeze and Peter R G Brink

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:84

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Biological augmentation of rotator cuff repair is of growing interest to improve biomechanical properties and prevent re-tearing. But intraoperative single shot growth factor application appears not sufficient...

    Authors: Stefan Buchmann, Gunther H Sandmann, Lars Walz, Thomas Reichel, Knut Beitzel, Gabriele Wexel, Weiwei Tian, Achim Battmann, Stephan Vogt, Gerhard Winter and Andreas B Imhoff

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:82

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Pedicle-screw-based posterior dynamic stabilization devices are designed to alleviate the rate of accelerated degeneration of the vertebral level adjacent to the level of spinal fusion. A new pedicle- screw-ba...

    Authors: Chen-Sheng Chen, Chang-Hung Huang and Shih-Liang Shih

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:81

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The prescription of the oral anticoagulant rivaroxaban to prevent thromboembolic episodes associated with orthopaedic surgery has dramatically increased since it was introduced. Rivaroxaban is beeing prescribe...

    Authors: Tim Klüter, Matthias Weuster, Stefan Brüggemann, Leif Menzdorf, Stefanie Fitschen- Oestern, Nadine Steubesand, Yahya Acil, Thomas Pufe, Deike Varoga, Andreas Seekamp and Sebastian Lippross

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:79

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Approximately a fifth of all total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients suffers from bilateral osteoarthritis of the hip. It is unclear whether mortality risks differ between simultaneous bilateral THA and staged b...

    Authors: Anne Garland, Ola Rolfson, Göran Garellick, Johan Kärrholm and Nils P Hailer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:77

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:263

  9. In adult patients with developmental hip dysplasia, a surgical procedure (triple innominate osteotomy) of the pelvic bone can be performed to rotate the acetabulum in the frontal plane, establishing better ace...

    Authors: Sjoerd Kolk, René Fluit, Jim Luijten, Petra JC Heesterbeek, Alexander CH Geurts, Nico Verdonschot and Vivian Weerdesteyn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:68

    Content type: Research article

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  10. To generate an item list for the assessment of joint awareness in shoulder patients and to collect patient feedback on the comprehensibility of the items and the forgotten joint concept.

    Authors: Johannes M Giesinger, Nicolas Kesterke, David F Hamilton, Bernhard Holzner, Bernhard Jost and Karlmeinrad Giesinger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:67

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Two common surgical approaches included the sinus tarsi and extensile lateral are used for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. However, few studies have compared outcome of treated by the two approa...

    Authors: Je-Hyoung Yeo, Hyun-Jong Cho and Keun-Bae Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:63

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Poor postoperative pain control is frequently associated with complications and delayed discharge from a hospital. Preemptive analgesia is one of the methods suggested for reducing postoperative pain. Opioids ...

    Authors: Koopong Siribumrungwong, Julin Cheewakidakarn, Boonsin Tangtrakulwanich and Sasikaan Nimmaanrat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:59

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Screw penetration into hip joint is a severe complication during acetabular fracture surgery, which might result in osteoarthritis and chondrolysis. The purpose of this study was to obtain the safe and effecti...

    Authors: Xiaoxi Ji, Chun Bi, Fang Wang, Yuchen Jiang, Dongmei Wang and Qiugen Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:55

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Stump problems (SPs) secondary to traumatic lower limb amputation had a crucial influence on amputees’ ability to return to living and work. The purpose of this study was to investigate the surgical management...

    Authors: Kemin Liu, Tao Tang, Anqin Wang and Shouchang Cui

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:48

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Most surgeons do not fix the lesser trochanter when managing femoral intertrochanteric fractures with intramedullary nails. We have not found any published clinical studies on the relationship between the inte...

    Authors: Xiaohui Liu, Yueju Liu, Shuo Pan, Huijian Cao and Dahai Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:47

    Content type: Research article

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  16. We undertook the current study to assess whether an accelerometer-based physical activity monitor, the SenseWear Mini Armband (SMA), could be used to provide data on static arm elevation, and to assess the agr...

    Authors: Andrew D Hirschhorn, John W Lockhart and John D Breckenridge

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:46

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Patient age is one of many potential risk factors for fracture nonunion. Our hypothesis is that older patients (≥60) with fracture risk factors treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) have similar...

    Authors: Robert Zura, Samir Mehta, Gregory J Della Rocca, John Jones and R Grant Steen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:45

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a rare syndrome typically caused by mesenchymal tumors. It has been shown that complete tumor resection may be curative. However, to our knowledge, there has been no report ...

    Authors: Zhi-jian Sun, Jin Jin, Gui-xing Qiu, Peng Gao and Yong Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:43

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The increasing number of revision knee arthroplasty result in the more frequently use of a constraint implant but results from previous reports are difficult to interpret. The purpose of this study was to comp...

    Authors: Pablo Sanz-Ruiz, Manuel Villanueva-Martínez, Jose Antonio Matas-Diez and Javier Vaquero-Martín

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:39

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In the present study, we measured damaged areas of cartilage with diffusion tensor (DT) imaging and T2 mapping, and investigated the extent to which cartilage damage could be determined using these techniques.

    Authors: Taku Ukai, Masato Sato, Tomohiro Yamashita, Yutaka Imai, Genya Mitani, Tomonori Takagaki, Kenji Serigano and Joji Mochida

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:35

    Content type: Research article

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  21. With an increasing life expectancy and improved treatment regimens for primary or secondary malignant diseases of soft tissue or bone, hemipelvectomy will have to be considered more often in elderly patients i...

    Authors: Wiebke K Guder, Jendrik Hardes, Georg Gosheger, Marcel-Philipp Henrichs, Markus Nottrott and Arne Streitbürger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:33

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This meta-analysis explored the efficacy and safety of anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) comparing to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in treating cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CS...

    Authors: Li Guan, Yong Hai, Jin-Cai Yang, Li-Jin Zhou and Xiao-Long Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:29

    Content type: Research article

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  23. In recent years, the scientific discussion has focused on new strategies to enable a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) to heal into mechanically stable scar tissue. Dynamic intraligamentary stabilization (...

    Authors: Philipp Henle, Christoph Röder, Gosia Perler, Sven Heitkemper and Stefan Eggli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:27

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Single administration of intra-articular (IA) bupivacaine for pain relief after arthroscopic knee surgery is effective, but its active duration and dose–response relationship is unclear. We conducted this meta...

    Authors: Qi-Bin Sun, Shi-Dong Liu, Qin-Jun Meng, Hua-Zheng Qu and Zheng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:21

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Obtaining informed consent is an essential step in the surgical pathway. Providing adequate patient education to enable informed decision making is a continued challenge of contemporary surgical practice. This...

    Authors: Andrew Fraval, Janan Chandrananth, Yew M Chong, Phong Tran and Lillian S Coventry

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:14

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:283

  26. The application of radiofrequency energy (RFE) has become widespread for surgical performed chondroplasty especially due to the anticipated sealing effect, however the safety of this procedure in the wrist rem...

    Authors: Michaela Huber, Christoph Eder, Markus Loibl, Arne Berner, Johannes Zellner, Richard Kujat, Michael Nerlich and Sebastian Gehmert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:6

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To compare the clinical and radiological features of intra-/juxta-articular osteoid osteoma and extra-articular osteoid osteoma in skeletally immature patients, paying special attention to the skeletal complic...

    Authors: Mi Hyun Song, Won Joon Yoo, Tae-Joon Cho, Chin Youb Chung, Moon Seok Park, Jung-Eun Cheon and In Ho Choi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:3

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Compression of the tissue beneath tourniquets used in limb surgery is associated with varying degrees of soft tissue damage. The interaction between fluids and applied pressure seems to play an important role ...

    Authors: Klaus Edgar Roth, Boris Mandryka, Gerrit Steffen Maier, Uwe Maus, Manfred Berres, Jan-Dirk Rompe and Friedrich Bodem

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:1

    Content type: Research article

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  29. We tried to compare the functional and psychosocial outcomes after various reconstruction methods according to tumor location following resection of osteosarcoma in distal femur.

    Authors: SongFeng Xu, XiuChun Yu, Ming Xu, ZhiHou Fu, Yu Chen, YuXi Sun and Qing Su

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:453

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Knee osteoarthritis affects 10% of the UK population over 55 years, resulting in pain and decreased quality of life. Knee replacement surgery has a proven benefit, with over 85,000 performed each year in the U...

    Authors: Tim Barlow, Mark Dunbar, Andrew Sprowson, Nick Parsons and Damian Griffin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:451

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. The aim of present meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of tranexamic acid (TXA) use in reducing blood loss and the related thrombotic complications in spinal surgery.

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Kun Wang, Feng-Ning Li, Xuan Huang, Quan Li, Zhi Chen, Yi-Bo Tang, Hong-Xing Shen and Qing-Xin Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:448

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation is a minimally invasive surgical technique; however, the effects of using percutaneous pedicle screw fixation in treating patients with spinal infections have not yet...

    Authors: Tung-Yi Lin, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Meng-Ling Lu, Chi-Chien Niu, Ming-Kai Hsieh, Tsai-Sheng Fu, Po-Liang Lai, Lih-Huei Chen and Wen-Jer Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:443

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Few, if any data are available are available regarding the time-trends in characteristics of patients who have undergone primary THA. Our objective was to examine the time-trends in key demographic and clinica...

    Authors: Jasvinder A Singh and David G Lewallen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:441

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Shoulder instability is a common problem affecting young adults. Stabilization surgery followed by physiotherapy rehabilitation has been shown to reduce the chance of further episodes of shoulder dislocation a...

    Authors: Anju Jaggi, Susan Alexander, Robert Herbert, Lennard Funk and Karen A Ginn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:439

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  35. The aim of our meta-analysis is to understand the relationship between the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis and the expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in multiple disease tissues in o...

    Authors: Quan Yuan, Li Sun, Jian-Jun Li and Chun-Hou An

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:437

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The main goals of the standard treatment for advanced symptomatic knee osteoarthritis, total knee arthroplasty (TKA), are pain reduction and restoration of knee motion.

    Authors: Matthias Christen, Emin Aghayev and Bernhard Christen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:435

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Although minimally invasive approaches are widely used in many areas of orthopedic surgery nonunion therapy remains a domain of open surgery. Some attempts have been made to introduce minimally invasive proced...

    Authors: Thorsten Tjardes, Michael Roland, Robin Otchwemah, Tim Dahmen, Stefan Diebels and Bertil Bouillon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:434

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The prosthesis of contemporary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been modified to provide a more familiar environment for higher flexion angle of the replaced knee. The design modifications continue based on e...

    Authors: Jai Gon Seo, Young-Wan Moon, Moon Jong Chang, Byung Chul Jo, Yong Beom Park, Deuk Soo Lim and Byung Hoon Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:433

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Abnormal longitudinal growth has been identified in the early pubertal stage of idiopathic scoliosis (IS) and is thought to contribute to the development of scoliosis. This phenotype may be caused by abnormal ...

    Authors: Xin Zheng, Weijun Wang, Bangping Qian, Shoufeng Wang, Zezhang Zhu, Bin Wang, Xu Sun, Yitao Ding and Yong Qiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:429

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Chondromalacia, lateral patellar compression syndrome and osteoarthritis are common patellofemoral joint disorders leading to functional and/or structural disturbances in articular surfaces. The objective of t...

    Authors: Dawid Bączkowicz and Edyta Majorczyk

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:426

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Expandable screws have greater pullout strength than conventional screws. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical stability provided by a new built-in expandable anterior spinal fixation sys...

    Authors: Chu-Song Zhou, Yan-Fang Xu, Yu Zhang, Zhong Chen and Hai Lv

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:424

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Notochordal cells (NC) remain in the focus of research for regenerative therapy for the degenerated intervertebral disc (IVD) due to their progenitor status. Recent findings suggested their regenerative action...

    Authors: Benjamin Gantenbein, Elena Calandriello, Karin Wuertz-Kozak, Lorin M Benneker, Marius JB Keel and Samantha CW Chan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:422

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Use of a baseplate with a smaller diameter in reverse shoulder arthroplasty is increasing, especially in patients with a small glenoid or glenoid wear. However, the effect of a smaller baseplate on stability o...

    Authors: Soo-Won Chae, Soung-Yon Kim, Haea Lee, Joung-Ro Yon, Juneyoung Lee and Seung-Ho Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:417

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The harvest of iliac crest bone grafts (ICBG) is associated with relevant donor site pain, but may be lowered by the application of lidocaine loaded on biodegradable, hemostatic putty for sustained local analg...

    Authors: Marc Andreas Müller, Arne Mehrkens, Roman Zürcher, Patrick Vavken and Victor Valderrabano

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:415

    Content type: Research article

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  45. “Chevron”-Olecranon osteotomies are commonly used for the approach to intraarticular distal humerus fractures but are often associated with procedure related complications. We studied the triceps reflecting ap...

    Authors: Lukas Daniel Iselin, Tobias Mett, Reto Babst, Marcel Jakob and Daniel Rikli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:406

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) progression has been linked to increased peak external knee adduction moments (KAMs). Although some trials have attempted to reduce pain and improve function in OA by reducing KAMs wit...

    Authors: Ryan T Lewinson, Kelsey H Collins, Isabelle A Vallerand, J Preston Wiley, Linda J Woodhouse, Raylene A Reimer, Jay T Worobets, Walter Herzog and Darren J Stefanyshyn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:405

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. The one-stage procedure for treatment of older developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) is used widely. However, the best age group for this operation is still unknown. The aims of our study were to evaluate...

    Authors: Bo Ning, Yi Yuan, Jie Yao, Sichng Zhang and Jun Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2014 15:401

    Content type: Research article

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