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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most successful orthopaedic procedures. Because of the increasing number of THAs, a growing demand for faster recovery and a greater emphasis on cost-effectiveness, m...

    Authors: K. Rykov, I. H. F. Reininga, B. A. S. Knobben, M. S. Sietsma and B. L. E. F. ten Have

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:476

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Hip fracture is a severe and common injury that occurs predominantly in the elderly. Blood loss in the perioperative period is associated with a greater risk of dying in anaemic patients. The aim of the study ...

    Authors: Leyi Cai, Te Wang, Lu Di, Wei Hu and Jianshun Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:475

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The direct anterior approach (DAA) is increasingly popular for hip replacement. However, the small incision and the location near to the groin might increase the risk of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). W...

    Authors: Thomas Ilchmann, Werner Zimmerli, Lilianna Bolliger, Peter Graber and Martin Clauss

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:471

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Autologous blood transfusion drainage (ABTD) has been used for many years to reduce blood loss in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We evaluate the current evidence concerning the efficiency and safety of ABTD us...

    Authors: Jian-ke Pan, Kun-hao Hong, Hui Xie, Ming-hui Luo, Da Guo and Jun Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:452

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Proximal humeral fractures are with an incidence of 4–5 % the third most common fractures in the elderly. In 20 % of humeral fractures there is an indication for surgical treatment according to the modified Ne...

    Authors: Tobias Helfen, Georg Siebenbürger, Marcel Mayer, Wolfgang Böcker, Ben Ockert and Florian Haasters

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:448

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. The purpose of this study was to investigate the initial union rate, refracture rate and residual deformities of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT), using combined surgery including pseudarthrosis re...

    Authors: Guang-hui Zhu, Hai-bo Mei, Rong-guo He, Yao-xi Liu, Kun Liu, Jin Tang and Jiang-yan Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:443

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid (TXA) is known to be effective in controlling blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, this method has some disadvantages, such as TXA leakage due t...

    Authors: Zhenyang Mao, Bing Yue, You Wang, Mengning Yan and Kerong Dai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:438

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Associated joint disorders with popliteal cysts were stated approximately between the ranges of 41–83 % in all reported cases. Combined treatment strategies that eliminate intra-articular pathologies and cyst-...

    Authors: M. Saylik and K. Gökkuş

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:435

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The low-profile angle-stable spacer Zero-P is a new kind of cervical fusion system that is claimed to limit the potential drawbacks and complications. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the clini...

    Authors: Mengchen Yin, Junming Ma, Quan Huang, Ye Xia, Qixing Shen, Chenglong Zhao, Jun Tao, Ni Chen, Zhingxing Yu, Jie Ye, Wen Mo and Jianru Xiao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:430

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Cementless fixation of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) is often favored in young, high-demanding patients due to the conservation of valuable bone-stock and easier revision if loosening has occurred. Long-term...

    Authors: Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Munjed Al Muderis, Hans Gollwitzer, Norbert Harrasser, Martin Stukenberg, Maria-Angela Clifford and Andreas Toepfer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:429

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Previous studies suggested that pre-operative comorbidity was a risk factor for worse outcomes after TKA. To our knowledge, studies have not examined whether postoperative changes in comorbidity impact pain an...

    Authors: Maren E. Hilton, Terence Gioe, Siamak Noorbaloochi and Jasvinder A. Singh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:421

    Content type: Research article

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  12. With a steep increase in the number of instrumented spinal fusion procedures, there is a need for comparative data to develop evidence based treatment recommendations. Currently, the available data on cost and...

    Authors: Suzanne L. de Kunder, Kim Rijkers, Sander M. J. van Kuijk, Silvia M. A. A. Evers, Rob A. de Bie and Henk van Santbrink

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:417

    Content type: Study protocol

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  13. Patients diagnosed with idiopathic mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) are usually managed in primary care and commonly treated with night splints and/or corticosteroid injection. The comparative eff...

    Authors: Linda S. Chesterton, Krysia S. Dziedzic, Danielle A. van der Windt, Graham Davenport, Helen L. Myers, Trishna Rathod, Milica Blagojevic-Bucknall, Sue M. Jowet, Claire Burton, Edward Roddy and Elaine M. Hay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:415

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Treatment of supraintercondylar (AO/OTA 33-C) and supracondylar (AO/OTA 33-A) femur fractures is generally challenging. Standard treatments include open reduction and internal fixation. However, optimal implan...

    Authors: Chun-Jui Weng, Chi-Chuan Wu, Kuo-Fun Feng, I-Chuan Tseng, Po-Cheng Lee and Yu-Chih Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:413

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Generalized Joint Hypermobility (GJH) is associated with increased risk of musculoskeletal joint pain. We investigated neuromuscular performance and muscle activation strategy.

    Authors: Bente Rona Jensen, Jesper Sandfeld, Pia Sandfeld Melcher, Katrine Lyders Johansen, Peter Hendriksen and Birgit Juul-Kristensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:410

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Isolated gastrocnemius contracture is thought to lead to numerous conditions. Although many techniques have been described for gastrocnemius recession, potential anesthetic, cosmetic, and wound-related complic...

    Authors: Manuel Villanueva, Álvaro Iborra, Guillermo Rodríguez and Pablo Sanz-Ruiz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:409

    Content type: Technical advance

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  17. Limb lengthening with external fixation is performed to treat patients with leg length discrepancy or short stature. Although the procedure has a high rate of success, one potential drawback from limb lengthen...

    Authors: Julio J. Jauregui, Anthony V. Ventimiglia, Preston W. Grieco, David B. Frumberg and John E. Herzenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:407

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Comparing movements/postures in people with and without lower back pain (LBP) may assist identifying LBP-specific dysfunction and its relationship to pain or activity limitation. This study compared the consis...

    Authors: Robert A. Laird, Peter Kent and Jennifer L. Keating

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:403

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In Taiwan, the life expectancy of an 80-year-old man is 88.4 years and the life expectancy of an 80-year-old woman is 89.8 years. Some of these people will develop symptomatic degenerative lumbar diseases that...

    Authors: Jen-Chung Liao, Ping-Yeh Chiu, Wen-Jer Chen, Lih-Hui Chen and Chi-Chien Niu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:402

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Improper femoral and acetabular component positioning can be associated with instability, impingement, component wear and finally patient dissatisfaction in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The concept of “femur ...

    Authors: Michael Worlicek, Markus Weber, Benjamin Craiovan, Michael Wörner, Florian Völlner, Hans R. Springorum, Joachim Grifka and Tobias Renkawitz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:399

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Total hip replacement (THR) is the preferred method for the active and lucid elderly patient with a displaced femoral neck fracture (FNF). But controversy still exists regarding using cemented or uncemented st...

    Authors: Ghazi Chammout, Olle Muren, Henrik Bodén, Mats Salemyr and Olof Sköldenberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:398

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Femoral bone remodeling in response to stress shielding induces periprosthetic bone loss. Computerized finite element analysis (FEA) is employed to demonstrate differences in initial stress distribution. Howev...

    Authors: Kanehiro Matsuyama, Yasuhiro Ishidou, Yong-Ming Guo, Hironori Kakoi, Takao Setoguchi, Satoshi Nagano, Ichiro Kawamura, Shingo Maeda and Setsuro Komiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:397

    Content type: Research article

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  23. BoneTour is a campaign conducted throughout the Italian territory for the assessment of Italian people bone status and for the prevention of osteoporosis.

    Authors: Loredana Cavalli, Andrea Guazzini, Luisella Cianferotti, Simone Parri, Tiziana Cavalli, Alessia Metozzi, Francesca Giusti, Caterina Fossi, Dennis M. Black and Maria Luisa Brandi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:396

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Cemented stems show good long-term results and the survival of new implants can be predicted by their early subsidence. With EBRA-FCA (Femoral Component Analysis using Einzel-Bild-Röntgen-Analyse) early subsid...

    Authors: Wolf Siepen, Lukas Zwicky, Karl Kilian Stoffel, Thomas Ilchmann and Martin Clauss

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:395

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is a commonly used metric for measuring change in mobility after knee arthroplasty, however, what is considered an improvement after surgery has not been defined. The determinatio...

    Authors: J. M. Naylor, K. Mills, M. Buhagiar, R. Fortunato and R. Wright

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:390

    Content type: Research article

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  26. With the exception of normal anatomic changes in the medial collateral ligament and radial head, other factors related to carrying angle changes have not been systematically studied. We reviewed patients who u...

    Authors: Dapeng Fan, Wei Wang, Kevin A. Hildebrand and Cun-yi Fan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:388

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Horizontal instability impairs clinical outcome following acute acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) reconstruction and may be caused by insufficient healing of the superior acromioclavicular ligament complex (ACLC)....

    Authors: Dirk Maier, Martin Jaeger, Kilian Reising, Matthias J. Feucht, Norbert P. Südkamp and Kaywan Izadpanah

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:385

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have long been suspected of negatively affecting fracture healing, although numerous disputes still exist and little data are available regarding diclofenac. Gluc...

    Authors: Oliver Bissinger, Kilian Kreutzer, Carolin Götz, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Christoph Pautke, Stephan Vogt, Gabriele Wexel, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Thomas Tischer and Peter Michael Prodinger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:383

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Posterior hemivertebra resection has become a safe and effective procedure for congenital scoliosis due to hemivertebra. However, there are still complications following primary posterior hemivertebra resectio...

    Authors: Jianwei Guo, Jianguo Zhang, Shengru Wang, Hai Wang, Yanbin Zhang, Yang Yang, Xinyu Yang and Lijuan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:380

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The latest generation of shoulder arthroplasty includes canal-sparing respectively stemless designs that have been developed to allow restoration of the glenohumeral center of rotation independently from the s...

    Authors: Nael Hawi, Mark Tauber, Michael Joseph Messina, Peter Habermeyer and Frank Martetschläger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:376

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Optimal treatment of the diseased long head of the biceps (LHB) tendon during rotator cuff repair remains a topic of debate: tenotomy or tenodesis. A recent meta analysis revealed no difference in strength or ...

    Authors: Derek Friedrich Petrus van Deurzen, Vanessa Antoinet Bernice Scholtes, Nienke Willemien Willigenburg, Navin Gurnani, Lukas Pieter Eduard Verweij and Michel Pieter Jozef van den Bekerom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:375

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. A prospective cohort study was performed to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes following posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in patients treated with a PEEK cage compared to those treated wit...

    Authors: Bin Lin, Hui Yu, Zhida Chen, Zhuanzhi Huang and Wenbin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:374

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Both increased knee muscle co-contraction and alterations in central pain processing have been suggested to play a role in knee osteoarthritis pain. However, current interventions do not target either of these...

    Authors: Stephen J. Preece, Richard K. Jones, Christopher A. Brown, Timothy W. Cacciatore and Anthony K. P. Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:372

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Humeral shaft fractures are generally managed with the conventional posterior open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO). This study was aimed at comparing th...

    Authors: Zichao Xue, Chaolai Jiang, Chuanzhen Hu, Hui Qin, Haoliang Ding and Zhiquan An

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:370

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Spinous process has been routinely resected during posterior fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis for fusion bed preparation and local autologous bone graft supplement. However, spinous process serves as ...

    Authors: Yu-Cheng Yeh, Chi-Chien Niu, Lih-Huei Chen, Wen-Jer Chen and Po-Liang Lai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:366

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Current glenoid defect measurement techniques only quantify bone loss in terms of defect diameter or surface. However, the glenoid depth plays an important role in shoulder stabilization by means of concavity ...

    Authors: Philipp Moroder, Franziska Haniel, Michael Quirchmayr, Eva Schulz, Manfred Eppel, Nicholas Matis, Alexander Auffarth and Herbert Resch

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:357

    Content type: Case report

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  37. There are many different reasons why patients could be experiencing pain in the gluteal area. Previous studies have shown an association between radicular low back pain (LBP) and gluteal pain (GP). Studies loc...

    Authors: Guofang Fang, Jianhe Zhou, Yutan Liu, Hongxun Sang, Xiangyang Xu and Zihai Ding

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:356

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Following lumbar fusion surgery, a successful outcome is empirically linked to effective rehabilitation. While rehabilitation is typically postoperative, the phase before surgery – termed prehabilitation – is rep...

    Authors: Hanna Lotzke, Max Jakobsson, Helena Brisby, Annelie Gutke, Olle Hägg, Rob Smeets, Marlies den Hollander, Lars-Eric Olsson and Mari Lundberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:349

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Giant cell tumors (GCTs) located in the distal radius are likely to recur, and the treatment of such recurrent tumors is very difficult. Here, we report our clinical experience in distal radius reconstruction ...

    Authors: Yun-fa Yang, Jian-wei Wang, Pin Huang and Zhong-he Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:346

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Simple bone cysts are common benign lytic bone lesions in children. The main goals of treatment for bone cysts are to prevent pathological fractures, support the healing process, and prevent recurrence. This r...

    Authors: Wenchao Li, Ruijiang Xu, Minghua Du and Hui Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:343

    Content type: Research article

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  41. There are two primary surgical techniques to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), transtibial (TT) technique and anteromedial portal (AMP) technique. Currently, there is no consensus which surgica...

    Authors: Simeon J. S. Ruiter, Reinoud W. Brouwer, Tim W. G. M. Meys, Cornelis H. Slump and Jos J. A. M. van Raay

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:334

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Relative young and more active patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the isolated medial femorotibial compartment in conjunction with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency are difficult to treat. The aim ...

    Authors: Shaoqi Tian, Bin Wang, Yuanhe Wang, Chengzhi Ha, Lun Liu and Kang Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:327

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Autologous blood transfusion (ABT) drainage system is a new unwashed salvaged blood retransfusion system for total knee replacement (TKA). However, whether to use ABT drainage, closed-suction (CS) drainage or ...

    Authors: Kun-hao Hong, Jian-ke Pan, Wei-yi Yang, Ming-hui Luo, Shu-chai Xu and Jun Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:142

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis (TTCA) using intramedullary nails is a salvage procedure for many diseases in the ankle and subtalar joint. Despite “newly described intramedullary nails” with specific anatomica...

    Authors: Julia Evers, Martin Schulze, Dominic Gehweiler, Martin Lakemeier, Michael J. Raschke, Dirk Wähnert and Sabine Ochman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:318

    Content type: Technical advance

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  45. Intravenous tranexamic acid (IV TXA) is one of the most effective agents in use for reducing blood loss following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) but its safety regarding venous thromboembolic events (VTEs) rema...

    Authors: P Pinsornsak, S Rojanavijitkul and S Chumchuen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:313

    Content type: Research article

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