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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Diffused-type giant cell tumor(Dt-GCT) is a rare, aggressive disorder of the joint synovium, bursa and tendon sheaths. Osseous erosions and subchondral cysts may develop as the result of synovium infiltration ...

    Authors: Xingchen Li, Yang Xu, Yuan Zhu and Xiangyang Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:450

    Content type: Research article

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  2. After septic failure of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and multiple revision operations resulting in impaired function, bone and/or soft-tissue damage a reconstruction with a revision arthroplasty might be impo...

    Authors: Sven Hungerer, Martin Kiechle, Christian von Rüden, Matthias Militz, Knut Beitzel and Mario Morgenstern

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:443

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The current study describes several surgical techniques for the treatment of the reverse Hill - Sachs lesion after posterior shoulder dislocation; we also aimed to present long term results followed for a mini...

    Authors: Markus Guehring, Simon Lambert, Ulrich Stoeckle and Patrick Ziegler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:442

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Initial micromotion of a total hip replacement is associated with aseptic loosening. The use of bisphosphonates could be one way to reduce peri-implant bone resorption induced by micromotion. Bisphosphonates c...

    Authors: Thomas Jakobsen, Søren Kold, Juan Shiguetomi-Medina, Jorgen Baas, Kjeld Soballe and Ole Rahbek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:441

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVNFH) occurs infrequently following femoral neck fracture. The association between AVNFH and dyslipidaemia remains controversial. Although major risk factors for AVNFH ...

    Authors: Chi Zhang, Xiaoxiao Zhu, Genwang Pei, Ping Xu, Xianshang Zeng, Lili Zhang, Nan Zhang, Dan Zeng, Lei Cao, Weiguang Yu and Xinchao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:440

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocations are common injuries of the shoulder associated with physical activity. The diagnosis of concomitant injuries proves complicated due to the prominent clinical symptoms...

    Authors: Jochen Markel, Tim Schwarting, Dominik Malcherczyk, Christian-Dominik Peterlein, Steffen Ruchholtz and Bilal Farouk El-Zayat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:439

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Long head biceps tendon pathology is a common cause of anterior shoulder pain and is often associated with other shoulder conditions, such as rotator cuff tears and osteoarthritis. It is well accepted that old...

    Authors: Andreas Voss, Simone Cerciello, Jessica DiVenere, Olga Solovyova, Felix Dyrna, John Apostolakos, David Lam, Mark P. Cote, Knut Beitzel and Augustus D. Mazzocca

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:430

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential consequences of drilling titanium alloy (Ti) and tantalum (Ta) implants.

    Authors: Paweł Skowronek, Paweł Olszewski, Wojciech Święszkowski, Marcin Sibiński, Marek Synder and Michał Polguj

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:426

    Content type: Research article

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:469

  9. Vertebrae, ribs, and spinal cord are anatomically adjacent structures, and their close relationships are clinically important for planning better corrective surgical approach. The objective is to identify the ...

    Authors: Fan Feng, Haining Tan, Xingye Li, Chong Chen, Zheng Li, Jianguo Zhang and Jianxiong Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:420

    Content type: Research article

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  10. While cam resection is essential to achieve a good clinical result with respect to femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), it is unclear whether it should also be performed in cases of borderline developmental dys...

    Authors: So Kubota, Yutaka Inaba, Naomi Kobayashi, Hyonmin Choe, Taro Tezuka and Tomoyuki Saito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:417

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The benefits of extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) as a minimally invasive lumbar spinal fusion treatment for lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis have been unclear. We sought to evaluate the invasivenes...

    Authors: Tetsuro Ohba, Shigeto Ebata and Hirotaka Haro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:415

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Quality health information is key to patient engagement, self-management and an enhanced healthcare experience. There is strong evidence to support involving patients and their families in the development and ...

    Authors: Deborah Kennedy, Amy Wainwright, Lucy Pereira, Susan Robarts, Patricia Dickson, Jennifer Christian and Fiona Webster

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:413

    Content type: Research article

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  13. There is no consensus about the optimal treatment strategy for frozen shoulders (FS). Conservative treatment consisting of intra-articular corticosteroid infiltrations and physiotherapy are considered appropri...

    Authors: Tim Kraal, Bertram The, Ronald Boer, M. P. van den Borne, Koen Koenraadt, Pjotr Goossens and Denise Eygendaal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:412

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Short-segment pedicle-screw instrumentation is frequently used to stabilize thoracolumbar burst fractures. A recognized disadvantage of this procedure is recurrent kyphosis from intervertebral disc creep into ...

    Authors: Joep Kitzen, Martijn G. M. Schotanus, Herbert S. W. Plasschaert, Frans-Jan H. Hulsmans and Pieter B. J. Tilman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:411

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Little is known about the relationship of the American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification scores (ASA scores) on patient outcomes following hip fracture surgery in Asian countries. The...

    Authors: Li-Huan Chen, Jersey Liang, Min-Chi Chen, Chi-Chuan Wu, Huey-Shinn Cheng, Hsiu-Ho Wang and Yea-Ing Lotus Shyu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:410

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Patient-reported outcome measures are a critical tool in evaluating the efficacy of orthopedic procedures and are increasingly used in clinical trials to assess outcomes of health care. The intention of this s...

    Authors: Dariusch Arbab, Katharina Kuhlmann, Christoph Schnurr, Bertil Bouillon, Christian Lüring and Dietmar König

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:409

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAI), a hip disorder affecting active young adults, is believed to be a leading cause of hip osteoarthritis (OA). Current management approaches for FAI include arthroscop...

    Authors: Nicholas J. Murphy, Jillian Eyles, Kim L. Bennell, Megan Bohensky, Alexander Burns, Fraser M. Callaghan, Edward Dickenson, Camdon Fary, Stuart M. Grieve, Damian R. Griffin, Michelle Hall, Rachel Hobson, Young Jo Kim, James M. Linklater, David G. Lloyd, Robert Molnar…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:406

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Intramedullary screw (IMS) fixation was wildly used in fifth metatarsal base fractures (FMBFs) and the results were satisfactory. However, in the comminuted osteoporosis or small displaced avulsion FMBFs, anat...

    Authors: Lin Xie, Xin Guo, Shu-Jun Zhang and Zhen-Hua Fang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:405

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are the second most common fractures, after hip fractures, seen in clinical practice. The high incidence of low-energy trauma DRFs in elderly patients raises questions about the ...

    Authors: Lauri Raittio, Antti Launonen, Teemu Hevonkorpi, Toni Luokkala, Juha Kukkonen, Aleksi Reito, Bakir Sumrein, Minna Laitinen and Ville M. Mattila

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:401

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Tibial aperture fixation with a bioabsorbable interference screw is a popular fixation method in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). An interference screw containing β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP...

    Authors: Joon Ho Wang, Eun Su Lee and Byung Hoon Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:398

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Burst fracture is a common thoracolumbar injury that is treated using posterior pedicle instrumentation and fusion combined with transpedicular intracorporeal grafting after reduction. In this study, we compar...

    Authors: Ping-Jui Tsai, Ming-Kai Hsieh, Kuo-Feng Fan, Lih-Huei Chen, Chia-Wei Yu, Po-Liang Lai, Chi-Chien Niu, Tsung-Ting Tsai and Wen-Jer Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:393

    Content type: Research article

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  22. There is still no evidence in literature for damage control orthopaedics (DCO), early total care (ETC) or using external fixation solely in fractures of the long bones in multi-system-trauma. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Bernhard Gasser, Thomas M. Tiefenboeck, Sandra Boesmueller, Danijel Kivaranovic, Adam Bukaty and Patrick Platzer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:391

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Malalignment of the ankle joint has been found after trauma, by neurological disorders, genetic predisposition and other unidentified factors, and results in asymmetrical joint loading. For a medial open wedge...

    Authors: Hak Jun Kim, Eui Dong Yeo, Im Joo Rhyu, Soon-Hyuck Lee, Yeon Soo Lee and Young Koo Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:389

    Content type: Research article

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  24. High procedure volume and dedication to unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has been suggested to improve revision rates. This study aimed to quantify the annual hospital volume effect on revision risk in...

    Authors: Mona Badawy, Anne M. Fenstad, Christoffer A. Bartz-Johannessen, Kari Indrekvam, Leif I. Havelin, Otto Robertsson, Annette W-Dahl, Antti Eskelinen, Keijo Mäkelä, Alma B. Pedersen, Henrik M. Schrøder and Ove Furnes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:388

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The purpose of this study was to evaluate 10-year outcomes in cementless monobloc total hip arthroplasty (THA) in a group of hips with Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD).

    Authors: Ze-Yu Luo, Hao-Yang Wang, Duan Wang, Hui Pan, Fu-Xing Pei and Zong-Ke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:386

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Hip and knee replacements in patients with bone defects after infection correlates with high rates of reinfection. In this vulnerable patient population, the prevention of reinfection is to be considered super...

    Authors: Dirk Zajonz, Undine Birke, Mohamed Ghanem, Torsten Prietzel, Christoph Josten, Andreas Roth and Johannes K.M. Fakler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:383

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The present study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) failure using a Kerboull-type (KT) plate.

    Authors: Shinya Hayashi, Takayuki Nishiyama, Shingo Hashimoto, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Koji Takayama, Kazunari Ishida, Kotaro Nishida and Ryosuke Kuroda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:382

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Musculoskeletal infections remain a major complication in orthopedic surgery. The local delivery of antibiotics provides the high levels required to treat an infection without systemic toxicity. However, the l...

    Authors: Tomas Kucera, Lenka Ryskova, Tomas Soukup, Jana Malakova, Eva Cermakova, Pavel Mericka, Jakub Suchanek and Pavel Sponer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:381

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Total joint arthroplasty is associated with significant blood loss and often requires blood transfusion. However, allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) may lead to severe problems, such as immunoreaction and infe...

    Authors: Weiping Ji, Xianfeng Lin, Ruoxia Zhang, Pan Tang, Jian Mo, Xinyi Teng, Qiuping Fan, Bo Wang, Shunwu Fan, Jianfeng Zhang, Shuai Chen and Kangmao Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:378

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Fibroma of tendon sheath (FTS) is a benign tumor arising from the synovium of the tendon sheath that occurs mostly around small joints such as the fingers, hands, and wrist. However, FTS rarely arises around a...

    Authors: Kayo Suzuki, Taketoshi Yasuda, Shun Suzawa, Kenta Watanabe, Masahiko Kanamori and Tomoatsu Kimura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:376

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Early detection of a high-risk patient following hip fracture surgery is of paramount clinical importance. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grading is an easy and efficient index in predicting a wor...

    Authors: Hyung-Min Ji, Jun Han, Hi-Won Bae and Ye-Yeon Won

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:375

    Content type: Research article

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  32. To determine the safety and efficacy of collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection for the treatment of palmar Dupuytren disease nodules.

    Authors: Bronier Costas, Stephen Coleman, Greg Kaufman, Robert James, Brian Cohen and R. Glenn Gaston

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:374

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Clinical and radiological outcomes including fixation stability of osteotomy site were compared in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who underwent modified Ludloff osteotomy to correct hallux valgus with oste...

    Authors: Young-Hoon Jo, Ki-Chul Park, Young-Sik Song and Il-Hoon Sung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:371

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Low back pain (LBP) affects more than one third of the population at any given time, and chronic LBP is responsible for increased medical costs, functional limitations and decreased quality of life. A clear et...

    Authors: Katie Mitchell, Madeline Porter, Lauren Anderson, Carter Phillips, Grayson Arceo, Brian Montz, Susan Levy and Sara P. Gombatto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:369

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a well characterized spinal deformity that affects millions of children world-wide. The role of genetic factor in the development of AIS has been of great interest, sin...

    Authors: Leilei Xu, Chao Xia, Weiguo Zhu, Zhenhua Feng, Xiaodong Qin, Weixiang Sun, Yong Qiu and Zezhang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:368

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Patients’ perceptions of care is an important factor in evaluation of health care, in quality assessment, and in improvement efforts. Expectations of assessments or procedures such as surgery have been found t...

    Authors: Karin S Samsson, Susanne Bernhardsson and Maria EH Larsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:367

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In treatment of unstable trochanteric fractures dynamic hip screw and Medoff sliding plate devices are designed to allow secondary fracture impaction, whereas intramedullary nails aim to maintain fracture alig...

    Authors: Johnny Paulsson, Josefine Corin Stig and Ola Olsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:364

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In our hospital a fast-track setting including a multimodal pain protocol is used for total hip arthroplasty (THA). Despite this multimodal pain protocol there is still a large range in reported postoperative ...

    Authors: Yvon M. den Hartog, Gerjon Hannink, Nick T. van Dasselaar, Nina M. Mathijssen and Stephan B. Vehmeijer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:363

    Content type: Research article

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  39. To date, no study had reported the phenomenon of deteriorated postoperative cervical tilt in Lenke type 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the cervical tilt in...

    Authors: Jun Jiang, Bang-ping Qian, Yong Qiu, Bin Wang, Yang Yu and Ze-zhang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:362

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The Direct Anterior Approach (DAA) is an alternative approach to the currently most used Lateral Approach (LA) for hip replacement in femoral neck fracture patients. Compared to the LA, the DAA minimizes soft ...

    Authors: Max P. L. van der Sijp, Inger B. Schipper, Stefan B. Keizer, Pieta Krijnen and Arthur H.P. Niggebrugge

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:361

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the recommended treatment for end-stage knee osteoarthritis. Considering the various risks associated with intra and postoperative blood transfusions, better understanding is r...

    Authors: Syed Hamza Mufarrih, Nada Qaisar Qureshi, Arif Ali, Azeem Tariq Malik, Huda Naim and Shahryar Noordin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:359

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has become the treatment of choice for end-stage hemophilic arthropathy of the knee. Theoretically in hemophilia A, perioperative continuous infusion (CI) of factor VIII (FVIII) w...

    Authors: Young Shil Park, Won-Ju Shin and Kang-Il Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:356

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Previously, many studies have evaluated quality of life (QoL) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), however, none of them specifically investigated the correlation between pain-related disability measu...

    Authors: Ji-chen Huang, Bang-ping Qian, Yong Qiu, Bin Wang, Yang Yu, Ze-Zhang Zhu, Jun Hu and Zhe Qu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:352

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Infected non-unions of the supracondylar region of the femur are uncommon. Even though hardware removal is a common procedure, it may lead to complications, including neurovascular injury, refracture, worsenin...

    Authors: Vincenzo Denaro, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Giuseppe Salvatore, Vincenzo Candela and Nicola Maffulli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:351

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Braces are used to treat pain in patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis (PFJOA). In a trial, we previously reported pain improvement after 6-weeks brace use. The pain reduction did not correlate with changes in M...

    Authors: Vikram Swaminathan, Matthew J Parkes, Michael J Callaghan, Terence W O’Neill, Richard Hodgson, Andrew D Gait and David T Felson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:347

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Leg-length inequality results in an altered position of the spine and pelvis. Previous studies on the influence of leg asymmetry on postural control have been inconclusive. The purpose of this paper was to inv...

    Authors: Małgorzata Eliks, Wioleta Ostiak-Tomaszewska, Przemysław Lisiński and Paweł Koczewski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:346

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The prevalence of patellar tendinopathy is elevated in elite soccer compared to less explosive sports. While the burden of training hours and load is comparably high in youth elite players (age < 23 years), li...

    Authors: Gerrit Bode, Thorsten Hammer, N. Karvouniaris, M. J. Feucht, L. Konstantinidis, N. P. Südkamp and A. Hirschmüller

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:344

    Content type: Research article

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