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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    To investigate (1) the association of specific biomechanical factors with knee osteoarthritis and knee osteoarthritis development, and (2) the impact of other relevant risk factors on this association.

    Authors: Joyce A. C. van Tunen, Andrea Dell’Isola, Carsten Juhl, Joost Dekker, Martijn Steultjens, Jonas B. Thorlund and Hans Lund

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:273

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The progressive, debilitating nature of knee and hip osteoarthritis can result in severe, persistent pain and disability, potentially leading to a need for total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in end-stage osteoarth...

    Authors: Kristine Godziuk, Carla M. Prado, Linda J. Woodhouse and Mary Forhan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:271

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Soft tissue balancing which is above all most important factor of total knee arthroplasty, has been performed by subjective methods. Recently objective orthosensor has been developed for compartment pressure m...

    Authors: Kyu-Jin Cho, Jong-Keun Seon, Won-Young Jang, Chun-Gon Park and Eun-Kyoo Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:266

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Bone infections due to trauma and subsequent delayed or impaired fracture healing represent a great challenge in orthopedics and trauma surgery. The prevalence of such bacterial infection-related types of dela...

    Authors: Lars Helbig, Georg W. Omlor, Adriana Ivanova, Thorsten Guehring, Robert Sonntag, J. Philippe Kretzer, Susann Minkwitz, Britt Wildemann and Gerhard Schmidmaier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:261

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Minimally invasive techniques for lumbar discectomy have been recommended as superior to open techniques due to lower blood loss, lower rates of infection and shorter recovery. There are, however, concerns tha...

    Authors: Frederic Martens, Geoffrey Lesage, Jeffrey M. Muir and Jonathan R. Stieber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:269

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Orthopaedic implant infections are difficult to eradicate because bacteria adhering to implant surfaces inhibit the ability of the immune system and antibiotics to combat these infections. Thermal cycling is a...

    Authors: Margarete K. Akens, Claudia Chien, Ryan N. Katchky, Hans J. Kreder, Joel Finkelstein and Cari M. Whyne

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:260

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Unstable osteolytic lesions of the occipitocervical junction are rare and may occur in hematological malignancy or vertebral hemangioma, among others. Different case reports have been published about vertebrop...

    Authors: Anna Voelker, Nicolas H. von der Hoeh and Christoph-Eckhard Heyde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:259

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  8. Content type: Research article

    In end-stage knee osteoarthritis total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective intervention to reduce pain and improve functioning in the majority of patients. However, after TKA some patients still experience...

    Authors: Danielle D. P. Berghmans, Antoine F. Lenssen, Pieter J. Emans and Rob A. de Bie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:250

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Treponema Pallidum (TP), the pathogen of syphilis, commonly infects bones in cases of congenital and tertiary syphilis, but it is rare in the primary and secondary stages. With its mild symptoms and rare clinical...

    Authors: Xiao Liang, Tang Liu, Chuang Yuan, Wanchun Wang and Peixiong Liang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:251

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The arthroscopic and open Latarjet procedures are both known to successfully treat shoulder instability with high success rates. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and positioning...

    Authors: Nolan S. Horner, Paul A. Moroz, Raman Bhullar, Anthony Habib, Nicole Simunovic, Ivan Wong, Asheesh Bedi and Olufemi R. Ayeni

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:255

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of local infiltration analgesia (LIA), peripheral nerve blocks, general and spinal anesthesia on early functional recovery and pain control in primary unicompartm...

    Authors: M. T. Berninger, J. Friederichs, W. Leidinger, P. Augat, V. Bühren, C. Fulghum and W. Reng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:249

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  12. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to report the radiographic findings and surgical outcomes of anteromedial facet (AMF) fracture of the ulnar coronoid process and to suggest an optimal approach.

    Authors: Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Chun-Jui Weng, Ying-Chao Chou and Chun-Ying Cheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:248

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of shoulder arthroplasties is reportedly increasing and the types of arthroplasty are changing. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of primary shoulder arthroplasty in Finl...

    Authors: Jenni N. E. Harjula, Juha Paloneva, Jaason Haapakoski, Juha Kukkonen and Ville Äärimaa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:245

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Current literature is lacking of data regarding functional outcomes in patients following bone tunnel grafting with or without revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Therefore, the aim of th...

    Authors: Theresa Diermeier, Elmar Herbst, Sepp Braun, Emine Saracuz, Andreas Voss, Andreas B. Imhoff and Andrea Achtnich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:246

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Animal fracture models, primarily performed in rats, are crucial to investigate normal and pathological bone healing. However, results of biomechanical testing representing a major outcome measure show high st...

    Authors: Peter Michael Prodinger, Dominik Bürklein, Peter Foehr, Kilian Kreutzer, Hakan Pilge, Andreas Schmitt, Rüdiger v. Eisenhart-Rothe, Rainer Burgkart, Oliver Bissinger and Thomas Tischer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:243

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The presented prospective randomized controlled single-centre study compares the clinical outcome up to 12 months after total hip arthroplasty using a minimally invasive single-incision direct anterior (DAA) a...

    Authors: Johannes C. Reichert, Eberhard von Rottkay, Franz Roth, Tim Renz, Johannes Hausmann, Julius Kranz, Lars Rackwitz, Ulrich Nöth and Maximilian Rudert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:241

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The number of revision rotator cuff cases is increasing. The literature is lacking guidance or biomechanical evaluation for fixation strength in a revision case scenario. Therefore, the aim of the study was to...

    Authors: Felix Dyrna, Andreas Voss, Leo Pauzenberger, Elifho Obopilwe, Augustus D. Mazzocca, Alessandro Castagna and Cory Edgar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:240

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Rare study has been conducted to detect risk factors of perioperative complications, which are closely related to preoperative status of the patients and surgical stress. The aim of this study is to detect the...

    Authors: Hai Wang, Zheping Zhang, Guixing Qiu, Jianguo Zhang and Jianxiong Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:242

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The iliac crest is the most common autogenous bone graft donor site, although associated with postoperative pain, functional disability, cosmesis, morphology and surgical satisfaction. We assessed each aspect ...

    Authors: Jing Zhang, Yuxuan Wei, Yue Gong, Yang Dong and Zhichang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:237

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Foot orthoses are routinely used to treat plantar fasciopathy in clinical practice. However, minimal evidence exists as to the effect of both truly custom designed foot orthoses, as well as that of the shoe th...

    Authors: Chris Bishop, Dominic Thewlis and Susan Hillier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:222

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a common result of an ankle sprain. Even though early surgical treatment yields the best results, overall only professional athletes are eligible for acute surgical stabiliza...

    Authors: Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Lauren M. Wink, Leendert Blankevoort, Daniel Haverkamp, Robert Hemke, Sjoerd Jens, Inger N. Sierevelt, Mario Maas and Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:225

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  22. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to evaluate clinical and radiological results after simultaneous open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in patients with ACL deficiency combined wit...

    Authors: Cheng Jin, Eun-Kyoo Song, Quan-He Jin, Nam-Hun Lee and Jong-Keun Seon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:228

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Blood loss and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are important complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Topical tranexamic acid (TXA) effectively reduces wound bleeding but may elevate the risk of DVT. In c...

    Authors: Yong Tae Kim, Min Wook Kang, Joon Kyu Lee, Young Min Lee and Joong Il Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:227

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of musculoskeletal pain and disability globally, and abnormal knee loading is central to disease pathogenesis. Clinical guidelines recommend clinicians provide advic...

    Authors: Kade L. Paterson, Kim L. Bennell, Tim V. Wrigley, Ben R. Metcalf, Penny K. Campbell, Jessica Kazsa and Rana S. Hinman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:219

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  25. Content type: Research article

    In the Ponseti treatment of idiopathic clubfoot, children are generally provided with a standard foot abduction orthosis (FAO). A significant proportion of these patients experience irresolvable problems with ...

    Authors: N. Berger, D. Lewens, M. Salzmann, A. Hapfelmeier, L. Döderlein and P. M. Prodinger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:229

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Vertebral fracture is the most common fragility fracture but it remains frequently unrecognized and is underdiagnosed worldwide. In this retrospective study, we examined the prevalence of moderate and severe v...

    Authors: Yizhong Li, Lisheng Yan, Siqing Cai, Peiwen Wang, Huafeng Zhuang and Haiming Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:235

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The shoulder is the least constrained of all joints of the body and is more susceptible to injury including dislocation. The rate of recurrent instability following primary stabilization procedure at 10 years ...

    Authors: John Edwin, Daniel Morris, Shahbaz Ahmed, Paul Townsley, Paul Manning and Benjamin Gooding

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:226

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Component design is one of the contributory factors affecting the postoperative flexion angle. The purpose of this study was to compare short-term outcomes of flat surface and medial pivot designs in posterior...

    Authors: Junichi Nakamura, Takaki Inoue, Toru Suguro, Masahiko Suzuki, Takahisa Sasho, Shigeo Hagiwara, Ryuichiro Akagi, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuhide Inage, Tsutomu Akazawa and Seiji Ohtori

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:234

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The gait pattern varies within the population and between patient groups with different musculoskeletal diseases. It also varies over time due to various reasons. Three-dimensional gait analysis (3DGA) is freq...

    Authors: Roland Zügner, Roy Tranberg, Vera Lisovskaja and Johan Kärrholm

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:224

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Postoperative pain control and enhanced mobilization, muscle strength and range of motion following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are pivotal requisites to optimize rehabilitation and early recovery. The aim o...

    Authors: M. T. Berninger, J. Friederichs, W. Leidinger, P. Augat, V. Bühren, C. Fulghum and W. Reng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:232

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The optimal treatment for multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) remains controversial. Posterior approach is most commonly used, but complicated with insufficient decompression and postoperative ax...

    Authors: Bing Wang, Guohua Lü and Lei Kuang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:216

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to perform a derotational osteotomy at the distal femur, as is done in cases of patellofemoral instability, and demonstrate the predictability of three-dimensional (3D) changes on...

    Authors: Florian B. Imhoff, Joscha Schnell, Alejandro Magaña, Theresa Diermeier, Bastian Scheiderer, Sepp Braun, Andreas B. Imhoff, Robert A. Arciero and Knut Beitzel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:215

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Lenke 5 AIS is a kind of three-dimensional deformity and literature reported it usually accompany with coronal or/and sagittal imbalance. However, the postoperative coronal and sagittal balance in these patien...

    Authors: Xi Yang, Bowen Hu, Yueming Song, Limin Liu, Chunguang Zhou, Zhongjie Zhou and Ganjun Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:212

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is the first-line treatment for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) that can immediately relieve pain and allow the quick recovery of lost mobility. However, som...

    Authors: Lei Feng, Chun Feng, Jie Chen, Yu Wu and Jin-Ming Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:195

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to improve physical activity (PA), well-being and clinical outcome after total knee and hip arthroplasty through tailored activity counselling during inpatient rehabilitation.

    Authors: Mirko Brandes, Norman Wirsik, Hanna Niehoff, Jörg Heimsoth and Bernd Möhring

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:209

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The theoretical benefits of a mobile bearing design in Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) include increased articular surface conformity with a reduction in both polyethylene wear and implant interface shear. Howev...

    Authors: Richard J. Napier, Christopher O’Neill, Seamus O’Brien, Emer Doran, Brian Mockford, Jens Boldt and David E. Beverland

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:205

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to assess the radiological and clinical outcome parameters following lumbar hybrid dynamic instrumentation with the focus on the adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) and adjacent s...

    Authors: Christian Herren, Rolf Sobottke, Miguel Pishnamaz, Max Joseph Scheyerer, Jan Bredow, Leonard Westermann, Eva Maria Berger, Stavros Oikonomidis, Peer Eysel and Jan Siewe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:199

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Lateral epicondylitis is frequently seen in racquet sport players and the treatments are usually symptomatic rather than curative. Taping therapy is cheap and easy to apply in the sport field. In this study we...

    Authors: Yen-Ting Cho, Wen-Yen Hsu, Li-Fong Lin and Yen-Nung Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:193

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Ulna coronoid fracture is a complicated injury and occurred in the coronal plane. Undeniably, there is no universally accepted approach for treating ulna coronoid fractures. Therefore, this study aimed at expl...

    Authors: Hong-Wei Chen, Hong-Hui He and Bin-Li Gao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:194

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  40. Content type: Research article

    A postoperative change in femoral rotation following total hip arthroplasty (THA) might be the cause of dislocation due to the change in combined anteversion. However, very few studies have evaluated the femor...

    Authors: Taro Tezuka, Yutaka Inaba, Naomi Kobayashi, Hyonmin Choe, Syota Higashihira and Tomoyuki Saito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:189

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  41. Content type: Research article

    There have been many studies regarding nongeriatric femoral neck fractures (FNFs), which included patients of a wide age range (between 20 and 60 years old). We aimed to determine whether internal fixation pro...

    Authors: Cheng-Tzu Wang, Jia-Wan Chen, Karl Wu, Chiang-Sang Chen, Wen-Chih Chen, Jwo-Luen Pao, Chih-Hung Chang and Tsung-Yu Lan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:190

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is considered a successful surgical procedure. It can be performed by several surgical approaches. Although the posterior and anterolateral approaches are the most common, there ha...

    Authors: Ronen Debi, Evyatar Slamowicz, Ornit Cohen, Avi Elbaz, Omri Lubovsky, Dror Lakstein, Zachary Tan and Ehud Atoun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:188

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Epiphyseal-preservation surgery for osteosarcoma is an alternative method which has been indicated carefully to selected patients. The tumor-devitalised autograft treated with liquid nitrogen procedure is one ...

    Authors: Akihiko Takeuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Hidenori Matsubara, Hiroaki Kimura, Shinji Miwa, Takashi Higuchi, Kensaku Abe, Yuta Taniguchi and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:185

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Few studies have been done on robot-assisted sacral surgery. This study aims to evaluate the outcomes of seven patients with benign sacral or presacral tumors treated with a robotic surgical system at a single...

    Authors: Junqiang Yin, Hui Wu, Jian Tu, Changye Zou, Gang Huang, Xianbiao Xie, Yulong He and Jingnan Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:186

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Sciatic nerve injuries following total hip arthroplasty are disabling complications. Although degrees of injury are variable from neuropraxia to neurotmesis, mechanical irritation of sciatic nerve might be occ...

    Authors: Sun-jung Yoon, Myung-sik Park, Dean K. Matsuda and Yun Ho Choi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:184

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Knee arthroscopy is one of the most common surgical procedures worldwide and the number of arthroscopies has substantially increased in the last 30 years. Thus, our aim was to provide updated estimates on the ...

    Authors: Katarina Friberger Pajalic, Aleksandra Turkiewicz and Martin Englund

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:179

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