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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. The infra-acetabular screw which is placed from the pubis to the ischium can be used as a special positional screw of the posterior column of the acetabulum. This study was performed to simulate the surgical p...

    Authors: Bei Zhao, Wei Zhang, Hao Li, Liren Han, Shizhang Han, Xiaofei Yang, Jun Yan and Weidong Mu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:551

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Antegrade intramedullary nailing (AIMN) with Kirschner wire (K-wire) is a minimally invasive osteosynthesis technique. This procedure has been widely performed to treat the fifth metacarpal neck fracture (FMNF...

    Authors: Xiao-Lei Fan, Jian Wang, De-Hua Zhang, Feng Mao, Yi Liao and Rui Xiao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:546

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The effects of postoperative intervertebral height (IH) changes on the clinical and radiological outcomes after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) surgery using a zero-profile device remain uncl...

    Authors: Haimiti Abudouaini, Chengyi Huang, Hao Liu, Ying Hong, Beiyu Wang, Chen Ding, Yang Meng and Tingkui Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:543

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Non-union occurs in approximately 5 to 10% of fracture patients, with certain bones at greater risk of failing to heal. Non-unions have a significant impact on socioeconomic costs and the patients short and lo...

    Authors: Ross Leighton, Mark Phillips, Mohit Bhandari and Robert Zura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:532

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The effect of postoperative shoulder sling compliance on surgical outcomes is unknown. The goal was to determine an accurate method to measure sling compliance. We compared volunteer recorded sling wear time w...

    Authors: Anshum Sood, Ashley Klein, Samir Kaveeshwar, Derek L. Jones, Grant Duvall, James Paul Hovis, Tristan B. Weir, Blessing Enobun, S. Ashfaq Hasan, R. Frank Henn 3rd, Jonathan D. Packer and Mohit N. Gilotra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:524

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip rarely develops in the early second decade. As the incidence of this disease is low, no treatment method has been established. We report two patients with unilateral OA in their ...

    Authors: Takahiro Nishimura, Hideaki Watanabe, Naoya Taki, Saki Onuma and Ichiro Kikkawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:517

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Nonunion following treatment of supracondylar femur fractures with lateral locked plates (LLP) has been reported to be as high as 21 %. Implant related and surgeon-controlled variables have been postulated to ...

    Authors: Michael J. Weaver, George W. Chaus, Aidin Masoudi, Kaveh Momenzadeh, Amin Mohamadi, Edward K Rodriguez, Mark S. Vrahas and Ara Nazarian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:512

    Content type: Research article

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  8. To evaluate the changes of Hounsfield units (HU) value in different types of Modic changes (MCs) and to analyze the correlation between the change of HU value and area ratio of MCs region, bone mineral density...

    Authors: Jiandong Zhu, Hao Wu, Yilei Chen, Junhui Liu, Zhi Shan, Shunwu Fan and Fengdong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:509

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) is an effective treatment option for young and middle-aged active patients with medial unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis (OA). In addition, particulated cartilage im...

    Authors: Yasushi Oshima, Norishige Iizawa, Shinro Takai and Tokifumi Majima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:502

    Content type: Case report

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  10. The interference screw is the most popular device that fixes the graft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, reducing the incidence of windshield effect and bungee effect. For the screw, either metall...

    Authors: Chao-Hua Fang, Ming Li, Yun-Feng Zhang and Hua Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:498

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Lag screw cut-out is the most common cause of fixation failure of trochanteric fractures. Intraoperative assessment of fracture reduction and fixation quality is vital to avoid fracture reduction and achieve g...

    Authors: Wei Hao, Long Fang, Shuangshuang Yin, Yongjie Lin and Bingchen Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:497

    Content type: Correspondence

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  12. Difficulty in obtaining union, recurrent fractures, and residual deformities remain the problems challenging the management of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT). We applied the “Eiffel Tower” double...

    Authors: Xiaoyu Wang, Li Shi, Rui Zhang, Wenbo Wang, Feng Wang, Mengwei Wang, Ze Xu, Rongtai Zuo, Jia Xu and Qinglin Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:490

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Survival analysis and effect of covariates on survival time is a central research interest. Cox proportional hazards regression remains as a gold standard in the survival analysis. The Cox model relies on the ...

    Authors: Ilari Kuitunen, Ville T. Ponkilainen, Mikko M. Uimonen, Antti Eskelinen and Aleksi Reito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:489

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Clubfeet are typically shorter than normal feet. This study aimed first to describe the development of foot length in a consecutive series of children with congenital clubfoot and second to relate foot length ...

    Authors: Evgenia Manousaki, Anna-Clara Esbjörnsson, Gunnar Hägglund and Hanneke Andriesse

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:487

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Femoral posterior condylar offset (PCO) and posterior tibial slope (PTS) are important for postoperative range of motion after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, normative data of PCO and PTS and the corr...

    Authors: Liangxiao Bao, Shengwei Rong, Zhanjun Shi, Jian Wang and Yang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:486

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Dislocation after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) has an incidence of 2–3%. Approximately 77% of dislocations occur within the first year after surgery. The SuperPATH technique is a minimally invasive app...

    Authors: Andrew Kay, Derek Klavas, Varan Haghshenas, Mimi Phan and Daniel Le

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:478

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Opioids continue to be the analgesic of choice for postoperative pain control following arthroscopic knee and shoulder surgery. Despite their widespread use, there are limited evidence-based clinical practice ...

    Authors:

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:471

    Content type: Study protocol

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:615

  18. The calcar femorale was identified long ago. However, our current understanding of the calcar is insufficient, and its related concepts are sometimes confused. The calcar femoral is an important anatomical str...

    Authors: Jin Mei, Lili Pang and Zhongchao Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:460

    Content type: Review

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  19. Augmented Reality (AR) is a rapidly emerging technology finding growing acceptance and application in different fields of surgery. Various studies have been performed evaluating the precision and accuracy of A...

    Authors: Cyrill Dennler, David E. Bauer, Anne-Gita Scheibler, José Spirig, Tobias Götschi, Philipp Fürnstahl and Mazda Farshad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:451

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The induced membrane technique (IMT) is an effective strategy to repair bone defects and involves a two-stage set of surgical procedures. Although the IM has osteogenic activity, bone grafting is necessary in ...

    Authors: Ye Lu, Jian Wang, Ying Yang and Qudong Yin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:447

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Osteitis fibrosa cystica is the classic manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), occurs after prolonged exposure of bone to high serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) level. It has become increasingly ra...

    Authors: Ekasame Vanitcharoenkul, Nontouch Singsampun, Aasis Unnanuntana and Sirinart Sirinvaravong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:443

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Modular prosthesis fracture, especially distal femoral fracture, is a rare complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, it is catastrophic, and may have a serious impact on the patients. A distal fem...

    Authors: Yuan-Pei Cheng, Xiao-Kang Cheng, Yong-Bo Li, Qian-Ru Zhang, Hao Feng, Yi-Han Zhong, Yan-Bo Zhang and Han Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:442

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may be associated with genu varum. There are a few indications in which the varus deformity can be corrected at the time of ACL reconstruction. However, as the genu varu...

    Authors: Seyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi, Abbas Noori, Farzad Vosoughi, Reza Rezaei Dogahe and Mohammad Javad Shariyate

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:437

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Opioid abuse is among the most ubiquitous issues world-wide, and when it happens in mothers, it puts them at risk of diseases that can be transferred to the next generation. Previous studies have indicated tha...

    Authors: Maryam Saeidinezhad, Vahid Razban, Hosein Safizadeh and Massood Ezzatabadipour

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:435

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Few studies have reported the clinical outcomes of the medial reefing procedure and lateral release with arthroscopic control of medial retinacular tension in patients with recurrent patellar dislocation. The ...

    Authors: Kyung Wook Nha, Hyung Suh Kim, Sung Tan Cho, Ji Hoon Bae, Ki-Mo Jang and Sang-Gyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:430

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Isolated degenerative joint disease and/or Freiberg’s infraction of the lesser metatarsophalangeal joint, although not frequent may become debilitating in the younger individual. Currently, once conservative m...

    Authors: Nikiforos P. Saragas, Paulo N. F. Ferrao and Andrew Strydom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:424

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Pedicle screw insertion in osteoporotic patients is challenging. Achieving more screw-cortical bone purchase and invasiveness minimization, the cortical bone trajectory and the midline cortical techniques repr...

    Authors: J.-S. Jarvers, S. Schleifenbaum, C. Pfeifle, C. Oefner, M. Edel, N. von der Höh and C.-E. Heyde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:418

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of successful revision operation on health quality of life(QoL) and functional outcome in humeral nonunion patients.

    Authors: Zhimeng Wang, Yao Lu, Liang Sun, Leilei Song, Teng Ma, Qiang Wang, Kun Zhang and Zhong Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:414

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Bilateral rotator cuff tears are not uncommon and the timing of the surgical treatment of both shoulders is debated. In the present study, we aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent si...

    Authors: Chen Wang, Pu Yang, Dongfang Zhang, In-Ho Jeon, Tengbo Yu, Yingze Zhang and Chao Qi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:409

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The cross-body and the modified sleeper stretch have been used to improve posterior shoulder soft tissue flexibility and to increase glenohumeral joint internal rotation (GHJ IR) in overhead athletes. However,...

    Authors: Omar Gharisia, Everett Lohman, Noha Daher, Alan Eldridge, Amjad Shallan and Hatem Jaber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:402

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The high failure rates of metal on metal (MoM) large diameter head total hip arthroplasty (LDH THA) and hip resurfacing (HR) prevented their long-term comparisons with regards to clinical outcome. Such knowled...

    Authors: Lazaros Kostretzis, Martin Lavigne, Marc-Olivier Kiss, Maged Shahin, Janie Barry and Pascal-André Vendittoli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:400

    Content type: Research article

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  32. For active patients with a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) who would like to return to active level of sports, the current surgical gold standard is reconstruction of the ACL. Recently, there has ...

    Authors: Jelle P. van der List, Harmen D. Vermeijden, Inger N. Sierevelt, Maarten V. Rademakers, Mark L. M. Falke, Gijs T. T. Helmerhorst, Roy A. G. Hoogeslag, Wybren A. van der Wal, Arthur van Noort and Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:399

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Convertible stem designs allow for stem retention during revision from anatomical to reverse shoulder arthroplasty. In some cases conversion is not possible for example due to excessive soft tissue tensioning....

    Authors: Luuk M. A. Theelen, Ben Mory, Sharmila Venkatesan, Anneke Spekenbrink-Spooren, Loes Janssen and Frederik O. Lambers Heerspink

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:396

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To observe the sequence of chondrocyte degeneration and matrix degradation in the superficial surface cartilage of the tibial plateau in guinea pigs with spontaneous knee osteoarthritis (OA).

    Authors: Xiao-jian Wang, Lei Wei, Yan Xue and Rong-shan Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:395

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Failed treatment of subtrochanteric fractures commonly leads to pain, limping, and poor limb function. Cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) could serve as an efficient salvage procedure in such cases. This ...

    Authors: Sheng-Yu Jin, Jing-Yao Jin, Min-Gwang Kim, Woo-Jong Kim, Taek-Rim Yoon and Kyung-Soon Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:384

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) after knee arthroscopy is extremely rare. If the embolism is not treated promptly, the patient may die. Bilateral pulmonary embolism with associated pulmonary infarct withou...

    Authors: Yuan Li, You-Xia Chen, Xiang-Tian Deng, Shun-cheng Yang, Zhi-Yuan Su, Yu-Nong Ao, Peng Zhou, Fu-Yuan Deng, Zhong Li and Jun-Cai Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:383

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are commonly observed in elderly people and can be treated by conservatively with minimal risk of complications in most cases. However, utilization of direct...

    Authors: Chikako Ishii, Miki Komatsu, Kota Suda, Masahiko Takahata, Satoko Matsumoto Harmon, Masahiro Ota, Takamasa Watanabe, Mitsuru Asukai, Norimasa Iwasaki and Akio Minami

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:377

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Osteopoikilosis (OPK) is a rare benign sclerosing bone dysplasia and is often incidentally found on plain radiography. OPK generally does not require treatment. Nevertheless, osteonecrosis or degenerative join...

    Authors: Yao-Yuan Chang and Wei-Hsin Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:376

    Content type: Case report

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  39. There is no consensus concerning the optimal casting technique for displaced distal radius fractures (DRFs) following closed reduction. This study evaluates whether a splint or a circumferential cast is most o...

    Authors: Britt Barvelink, Max Reijman, Niels W. L. Schep, Vanessa Brown, Gerald A. Kraan, Taco Gosens, Suzanne Polinder, Erwin Ista, Jan A. N. Verhaar and Joost W. Colaris

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:370

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. The effect of change in hip anatomy on change in gait pattern is not well described in current literature. Therefore, our primary aim was to describe and quantify changes in hip geometry and gait pattern 1 yea...

    Authors: A-C Esbjörnsson, S. Kiernan, L. Mattsson and G. Flivik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:369

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The evaluation of postoperative total knee arthroplasty (TKA) alignment mainly relies on measurement data obtained from plain radiographs. The aim of this retrospective observational study was to document the ...

    Authors: Shotaro Watanabe, Ryuichiro Akagi, Yuki Shiko, Yoshimasa Ono, Yohei Kawasaki, Toshihiro Ohdera, Seiji Ohtori and Takahisa Sasho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:363

    Content type: Research article

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  42. 3D printing technology in hospitals facilitates production models such as point-of-care manufacturing. Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology is the specialty that can most benefit from the advantages of these to...

    Authors: Jose Antonio Calvo-Haro, Javier Pascau, Lydia Mediavilla-Santos, Pablo Sanz-Ruiz, Coral Sánchez-Pérez, Javier Vaquero-Martín and Rubén Perez-Mañanes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:360

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Understanding muscle and tendon anatomy is of tremendous importance to achieve optimal surgical execution and results in tendon transfers around the shoulder. The aim of this study was to introduce and describ...

    Authors: Lukas Ernstbrunner, Malik Jessen, Marco Rohner, Manuel Dreu, Samy Bouaicha, Karl Wieser and Paul Borbas

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:359

    Content type: Research article

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  44. There is little evidence on techniques for management of peri-prosthetic infection (PJI) in the context of severe proximal femoral bone loss. Custom-made articulating spacers (CUMARS) utilising cemented femora...

    Authors: J. Quayle, A. Barakat, A. Klasan, A. Mittal, G. Chan, J. Gibbs, M. Edmondson and P. Stott

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:358

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Parkinson’s disease (PD) has been found to increase the risk of postoperative complications in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). However, few studies have investigated this by directly comparing pati...

    Authors: Atsuyuki Kawabata, Toshitaka Yoshii, Kenichiro Sakai, Takashi Hirai, Masato Yuasa, Hiroyuki Inose, Yu Matsukura, Shingo Morishita, Masaki Tomori, Ichiro Torigoe, Kazuo Kusano, Kazuyuki Otani, Yoshiyasu Arai, Shigeo Shindo and Atsushi Okawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:357

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Bi-modular stems were introduced in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) to enable better control of the femoral offset, leg length, and hip stability. Despite numerous reports on modular femoral neck fracture...

    Authors: Samo K. Fokter, Nenad Gubeljak, Jožef Predan, Jure Sevšek, Jan Zajc and Zmago Krajnc

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:356

    Content type: Case report

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  47. Acromegaly is a rare disease caused by high serum levels of growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), often originating from a pituitary adenoma. Spinal and peripheral joint abnormalities a...

    Authors: Daisuke Kamakura, Katsunori Fukutake, Kazumasa Nakamura, Shintaro Tsuge, Keiji Hasegawa, Naobumi Tochigi, Akihito Wada, Tetsuo Mikami and Hiroshi Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:353

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  48. To assess the therapeutic efficacy of transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) combined with radio frequency (RF) for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH).

    Authors: Wen-Bo Wei, Sha-Jie Dang, Ling Wei, Tian Liu and Jue Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:347

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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