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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. The aging of the Chinese population is expected to lead to an increase in nonagenarians and centenarians. The mortality rate in nonagenarian hip fracture patients is equivalent to the mortality rate in the ave...

    Authors: Yang Liu, Chong-wei Zhang and Xiao-dan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:217

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of using a non-absorbable biocompatible polyester patch to augment open repair of massive rotator cuff tears (Patch group) and compare outcomes with other t...

    Authors: P. Cowling, R. Hackney, B. Dube, A. J. Grainger, J. D. Biglands, M. Stanley, D. Song, P. G. Conaghan and S. R. Kingsbury

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:213

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Femoral head collapse is the key to the progress of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), but the causes of collapse are not completely clear. The better understanding of the progress of femoral head colla...

    Authors: Pengfei Wen, Yumin Zhang, Linjie Hao, Ju’an Yue, Jun Wang, Tao Wang, Wei Song, Wanshou Guo and Tao Ma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:211

    Content type: Research article

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  4. When reconstructing a hip with developmental dysplasia and high dislocation, sub-trochanteric shortening osteotomy is typically needed for placing the acetabular component in the appropriate anatomical positio...

    Authors: Zhe-Yu Huang, Hua Liu, Ming Li, Jing Ling, Jun-Hui Zhang and Zhi-Min Zeng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:210

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This study evaluated the minimal invasiveness, safety, and accuracy of robot-assisted pedicle screw placement procedure using a modified tracer fixation device.

    Authors: Li Yongqi, Zhang Dehua, Wu Hongzi, Zhang Ke, Yang Rui, Fang Zhou, Wang Shaobo and Liao Yi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:208

    Content type: Technical advance

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  6. Adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells are a mixed cell population that includes cells with multilineage potential, similar to bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Our purpose is to inves...

    Authors: Masanori Tsubosaka, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Satoshi Sobajima, Takehiko Matsushita, Hideki Iwaguro and Ryosuke Kuroda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:207

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Optimal radii of curvature of the articulating surfaces of the prosthetic components are factors associated with the longevity of cemented glenoid components in anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty. It was t...

    Authors: Anita Hasler, Dominik C. Meyer, Timo Tondelli, Tobias Dietrich and Christian Gerber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:206

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Meniscal extrusion results in loss of the ability to resist hoop strain and biomechanical overload on the joint articular surface. A centralization technique has been developed to overcome these problems. In t...

    Authors: Rei Kubota, Hideyuki Koga, Nobutake Ozeki, Junpei Matsuda, Yuji Kohno, Mitsuru Mizuno, Hisako Katano and Ichiro Sekiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:205

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Tendon-bone interface healing and ligamentization of the graft in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with autografts are important factors affecting treatment outcome. This study aimed to investigate...

    Authors: Keisho Ryu, Mitsuru Saito, Daisaburo Kurosaka, Seiichiro Kitasato, Toshiyuki Omori, Hiroteru Hayashi, Tomohiro Kayama and Keishi Marumo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:198

    Content type: Research article

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  10. To introduce an unreported intraoperative complication in intramedullary nailing (IN) of an anatomically reduced trochanteric fracture variant characterized by a basicervical fracture line and coronally disrup...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Jun Hu, Xiang Li and Xiaodong Qin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:195

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with kyphosis have an abnormal spinopelvic alignment and pelvic morphology. Most studies focus on the relationship of pelvic tilt (PT) or sacral slope (SS) and deformity, a...

    Authors: Diyu Song, Guoquan Zheng, Tianhao Wang, Dengbin Qi and Yan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:192

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The arthroscopic method offers a less invasive technique of Bankart repair for traumatic anterior shoulder instability. The aim of the study is to determine the mid−/long-term functional outcome, failure rates...

    Authors: Benjamin Panzram, Yasser Kentar, Michael Maier, Thomas Bruckner, Pit Hetto and Felix Zeifang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:191

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The management of painful rigid flatfoot (RFF) with talocalcaneal coalition (TCC) is controversial. We aimed to compare operative and nonoperative treatment in children with RFF and TCC.

    Authors: Giovanni Luigi Di Gennaro, Stefano Stallone, Eleonora Olivotto, Paola Zarantonello, Marina Magnani, Tullia Tavernini, Stefano Stilli and Giovanni Trisolino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:185

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To compare standalone oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) vs. OLIF combined with posterior bilateral percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (OLIF combined) for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis.

    Authors: Wei He, Da He, Yuqing Sun, Yonggang Xing, Jiankun Wen, Weiheng Wang, Yanhai Xi, Mingming Liu, Wei Tian and Xiaojian Ye

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:184

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Multiple approaches for fixation of distal radius fractures exist; nonetheless, there is no consensus on the optimal treatment for these injuries. Although using volar locking plates has become increasingly co...

    Authors: Feng-Shuo Chang, Chih-Hui Chen, Cheng-Hung Lee, Kun-Tsan Lee and Yi-Cheng Cho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:180

    Content type: Research article

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  16. We aimed to present our experience of adopting tissue adhesive as adjunct to standard wound closure in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and evaluate its performance.

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Minzhi Yang, Zheng Cao, Jiying Chen, Wei Chai and Yan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:178

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The objective of our study was to compare clinical outcome and postoperative complications between patients with thoracic myelopathy caused by ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) treated with and witho...

    Authors: Xiaoyang Huo, Jiaming Zhou, Shiwei Liu, Xing Guo and Yuan Xue

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:177

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Poor prognosis was reported for complex Pilon fractures involving severe soft tissue damage. It is therefore useful to explore the evolution of different treatment strategies in an effort to reconstruct the ax...

    Authors: Dankai Wu, Chuangang Peng, Guangkai Ren, Baoming Yuan and He Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:176

    Content type: Technical advance

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  19. This is a case of lateral recess stenosis secondary occurred the discal fungus infection treated with percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED). There has been no relevant reports before.

    Authors: Yunpeng Fan, Tao Xie, Yao Pang, Liulong Zhu and Shaobo Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:175

    Content type: Case report

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  20. A retrospective and comparative study of transverse process strut (TPS, Group A) compared with titanium mesh cages (TMCs, Group B) in the reconstruction of thoracic stability through the one-stage posterior ap...

    Authors: Weiyang Zhong, Xinjie Liang, Ke Tang, Xiaoji Luo and Zhengxue Quan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:172

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The aim of the study was to compare the accuracy of percutaneous pedicle screw (PPS) insertion (P-side) with that of conventional open screw insertion (O-side) during unilateral open transforaminal lumbar inte...

    Authors: Satoshi Sumiya, Fujiki Numano, Takahisa Ogawa, Toshitaka Yoshii, Atsushi Okawa and Hiromichi Komori

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:168

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Individualized and accurate implantation of a tibial prosthesis during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can assist in uniformly distributing the load and reducing the polyethylene wear to obtain a long-term prost...

    Authors: Yuefu Dong, Zhen Zhang, Wanpeng Dong, Guanghong Hu, Bing Wang and Zhifang Mou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:165

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Objective: White cord syndrome is extremely rare and search of the literature has revealed very few cases. Postoperative MR scan revealed hyperintense intrinsic cord signal changes within cord ischemia and ede...

    Authors: Deuk Soo Jun, Jong-Min Baik and Seung-Kwan Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:157

    Content type: Case report

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  24. High tibial osteotomy is commonly performed in young patients with high activity demand. Several studies have reported outcome of HTO. The reported 10-year survival ranged from 79 to 97.6%. The reported 15-yea...

    Authors: Xi Chen, Zhen Yang, Hairui Li, Shibai Zhu, Yiou Wang and Wenwei Qian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:153

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In osteoporotic bone, the quality of the bone-to-implant interface is decreased, which may lead to early implant failure. Screw anchorage can be improved by augmentation. This effect is mainly investigated wit...

    Authors: Martin Schulze, Oliver Riesenbeck, Thomas Vordemvenne, Michael J. Raschke, Julia Evers, René Hartensuer and Dominic Gehweiler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:151

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Varus malalignment of the tibia could alter ankle biomechanics, and might lead to degenerative changes of the ankle joint. However, previous studies failed to report the detailed changes of ankle biomechanics ...

    Authors: Yuan Zhu, Xingchen Li and Xiangyang Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:148

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Pelvic fractures are rare in toddlers but are often associated with other injuries that make treatment difficult. Conservative treatment has been used with moderate success, but it is unclear if surgical corre...

    Authors: Yuancheng Liu, Xiaorui Zhan, Fuming Huang, Xiangyuan Wen, Yuhui Chen, Cheng Yang and Shicai Fan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:147

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Plate fixation is an established method for treating unstable distal clavicle fractures. However, the appropriate timing of surgery for acute distal clavicle fractures remains unclear. The present study aimed ...

    Authors: Ryogo Furuhata, Masaaki Takahashi, Teppei Hayashi, Miyu Inagawa, Aki Kono, Noboru Matsumura, Yusaku Kamata, Hiroshi Arino and Hideo Morioka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:146

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a rare syndrome with multiple joint contractures. Within the medical community, there is controversy surrounding AMC in terms of the ideal surgical approach and age ...

    Authors: Mingyuan Miao, Haiqing Cai, Zhigang Wang, Liwei Hu, Jingxia Bian and Haoqi Cai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:144

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Anterior cervical spine surgery is often associated with postoperative dysphagia, but chronic dysphagia caused by laryngo-vertebral synostosis is extremely rare. We report a case of chronic dysphagia caused by...

    Authors: Ichiro Okano, Joe Omata, Yushi Hoshino, Yuki Usui, Tomoaki Toyone and Katsunori Inagaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:143

    Content type: Case report

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  31. The Personalised Knee Improvement Programme (P-KIP) was developed based on previously published work, with the hypothesis that surgeons would refer patients to a well-structured conservative management interve...

    Authors: Timothy Barlow, Timothy Rhodes-Jones, Sue Ballinger, Andrew Metcalfe, David Wright and Peter Thompson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:140

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The Dynamic Locking Blade Plate (DLBP) was recently introduced for fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures (FNF) and has been well received. Although the results of this implant in young patients are prom...

    Authors: J. H. Kalsbeek, W. H. Roerdink, P. Krijnen, M. E. van den Akker-van Marle and I. B. Schipper

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:139

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. In adults, Baker’s cyst development is attributable principally to secondary alterations after degenerative changes. The latter changes often accompany osteoarthritis, and we frequently encounter patients with...

    Authors: Byung-Ill Lee, Jong-Hyeon Seo, Yong-Beom Kim and Gi-Won Seo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:137

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  34. Coracohumeral ligament (CHL) thickening, contracture, and fibroplasia have been identified in glenohumeral idiopathic adhesive capsulitis (GHIAC). The CHL is the main structure responsible for the range of mot...

    Authors: John L. Pape, Mathieu Boudier-Revéret, Jean-Michel Brismée, Kerry K. Gilbert, Detlev Grabs and Stéphane Sobczak

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:136

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There are an overwhelming number of patients suffering from low back pain (LBP) resulting from disc pathology. Although several strategies are being developed pre-clinically, simple strategies to treat the lar...

    Authors: Michael Wolff, Jon Mark Shillington, Christopher Rathbone, Shawn K. Piasecki and Brian Barnes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome and acetabular dysplasia (AD) are common pathologies that lead to pain in the young adult hip. Nocturnal pain in these patients is often reported, yet little is know...

    Authors: Nisha Reddy, J. Riley Martinez, Edward Mulligan, Paul Nakonezny and Joel Wells

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:134

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Dysphagia is one of the most serious complications in patients treated with a halo-vest brace. However, the cause of dysphagia development by halo-vest fixation is not yet clear. We therefore investigated the ...

    Authors: Midori Miyagi, Hiroshi Takahashi, Kazuaki Tsuchiya, Hideki Sekiya and Satoru Ebihara

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:131

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The design of an external fixator with the optimal biomechanical function and the lowest profile has been highly pursued, as fracture healing is dependent on the stability and durability of fixation, and a low...

    Authors: Di Shi, Kaiyuan Liu, Haomeng Zhang, Xinli Wang, Guochen Li and Lianhe Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:128

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Osteoarthritis (OA) represents a significant burden to societies, as it affects quality of life, performance and poses a large healthcare cost. We aimed to describe the use of a single intra-articular (IA) inj...

    Authors: J. C. Alves, A. Santos, P. Jorge, C. Lavrador and L. Miguel Carreira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:127

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Elderly patients with vertebral hemangiomas are rare and might require surgery. Thus, the choice of surgery for these lesions remains controversial because of the rarity of these lesions. This study aimed to a...

    Authors: Weihong Xu, Zhibin Lan and Yuming Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:125

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Trochanter valgus deformity (TVD) is a rare condition of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Femoral osteotomy could be required in correcting the deformity to implant femoral stem in severe TVD. In this study, we d...

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Wei Chai, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang and Yonggang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:124

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Continuous femoral nerve block (cFNB) has been developed to extend the analgesic effect since the efficacy of single-injection femoral nerve block (sFNB) is often limited to approximately 16–24 h. The aim of t...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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