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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. A significant proportion of the overall cost of total hip arthroplasty (THA) results from the inpatient hospital stay following the procedure. Considering the substantial and increasing number of these procedu...

    Authors: Bryn O. Zomar, Jacquelyn D. Marsh, Brent A. Lanting and Dianne M. Bryant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:663

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Neglected long-term unreduced hip joint dislocation with secondary osteoarthritis and pseudoarthrosis poses a great challenge to hip surgeons. However, as this is an uncommon injury, few studies have systemati...

    Authors: Bo Liu, Zhaoke Wu, Zhikun Zhuang, Sikai Liu, Huijie Li and Yongtai Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:661

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The aim of our study was to compare the long-term outcome after perichondrium transplantation and two-component surface replacement (SR) implants to the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and the proximal interphalange...

    Authors: Daniel Muder, Nils P. Hailer and Torbjörn Vedung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:657

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Abnormal gluteus medius muscle activity is associated with a number of musculoskeletal conditions. Research investigating the effect of foot type and foot orthoses on gluteus medius muscle activity is both con...

    Authors: Sean Sadler, Martin Spink, Xanne Janse de Jonge and Vivienne Chuter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:655

    Content type: Research article

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  5. First metatarso-phalangeal joint fusion is the current gold standard for severe hallux rigidus. Data regarding the union rate and the re-operation rate when IOFix (an Intra-osseous fixation device, Extremity m...

    Authors: David Segal, Nissim Ohana, Meir Nyska and Ezequiel Palmanovich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:654

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Bone stock preservation in total hip replacement is essential to allow for later revisions in an increasingly younger and fitter index patient population. While contemporary modular press-fit acetabular cups l...

    Authors: Conrad Anderl, Georg Mattiassich, Reinhold Ortmaier, Martin Steinmair and Josef Hochreiter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:652

    Content type: Research article

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  7. A proper restoration of hip biomechanics is fundamental to achieve satisfactory outcomes after total hip arthroplasty (THA). A global hip offset (GO) postoperatively reduction of more than 5 mm was known to im...

    Authors: Stefano Biggi, Lorenzo Banci, Riccardo Tedino, Andrea Capuzzo, Gabriele Cattaneo, Stefano Tornago and Andrea Camera

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:646

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The use of knee braces early after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a controversial issue. The study preliminarily compares the effect of a traditional brace blocked in knee extension and a n...

    Authors: Jacopo Emanuele Rocchi, Luciana Labanca, Valeria Luongo and Lorenzo Rum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:644

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Injuries to the hamstring muscles are among the most common in sports and account for significant time loss. Despite being so common, the injury mechanism of hamstring injuries remains to be determined.

    Authors: Adam Danielsson, Alexandra Horvath, Carl Senorski, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, William E. Garrett, Ramón Cugat, Kristian Samuelsson and Eric Hamrin Senorski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:641

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Severe varus deformity and soft tissue injury caused by a burn around a complex knee dislocation is a rare injury. Soft tissue reconstruction and deformity correction with circular hexapod external fixation of...

    Authors: Koji Nozaka, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Hidetomo Saito, Hiroaki Kijima, Motoki Mita and Yoichi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:639

    Content type: Case report

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  11. In spine surgery, surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the main perioperative complications and is associated with a higher patient morbidity and longer patient hospitalization. Most factors associated with...

    Authors: Friederike Schömig, Carsten Perka, Matthias Pumberger and Rudolf Ascherl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:634

    Content type: Research Article

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  12. Management of Rüedi-Allgöwer III or AO/OTA type C3 pilon fracture presents numerous challenges to the orthopaedic surgeon. A joint preservation technique using a large autologous ilium with periosteum in combi...

    Authors: Dong Li, Jiao Jiao Li, Yuanyuan Zhu, Fushan Hou, Yuan Li, Bin Zhao and Bin Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:632

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Numerous biomechanical and clinical studies comparing different techniques for rotator cuff repair have been reported, yet universal consensus regarding the superior technique has not achieved. A medially-base...

    Authors: He-Bei He, Yong Hu, Chuan Li, Cheng-Guo Li, Min-Cong Wang, Hui-Feng Zhu, Zhi-Wen Yan, Cheng-Long Pan and Tao Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:629

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To compare the efficacy of conventional interlaminar fenestration discectomy (IFD) with transforaminal endoscopic lumbar discectomy (TELD) for treating lumbar disc herniation (LDH).

    Authors: Quanyi Li and Yongchun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:628

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Tendon injuries amount to one of the leading causes of career-ending injuries in horses due to the inability for tendon to completely repair and the high reinjury potential. As a result, novel therapeutics are...

    Authors: Monica Y. Pechanec, Tannah N. Boyd, Keith Baar and Michael J. Mienaltowski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:627

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Meniscus repair is a challenging task in knee arthroscopy. Currently, there are a variety of arthroscopic methods available for meniscus repair. The purpose of this study was to determine a consensus in menisc...

    Authors: Paweł Bąkowski, Kamilla Bąkowska-Żywicka and Tomasz Piontek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:626

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The deltopectoral approach is commonly used for plate stabilization of proximal humerus fracture. Although adhesions between the deltoid, plate, and humerus are common sequelae of plate ORIF, little is known a...

    Authors: Michał Waszczykowski and Jarosław Fabiś

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:625

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the severity of Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and the abnormality in pelvic incidence (PI).

    Authors: Rongshan Cheng, Muyin Huang, Willem Alexander Kernkamp, Huiwu Li, Zhenan Zhu, Liao Wang and Tsung-Yuan Tsai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:623

    Content type: Research article

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  19. In an enhanced recovery after surgery program, a growing number of orthopedists are reconsidering the necessity of tourniquet use in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the impact of tourniquet use on tran...

    Authors: Hong Xu, Jingli Yang, Jinwei Xie, Zeyu Huang, Qiang Huang, Guorui Cao and Fuxing Pei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:620

    Content type: Research article

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  20. There has been no gold standard of the initial treatment strategy for acute patellar dislocation (APD) with osteochondral fracture (OCF). Hence the study aim is firstly, to review and compare clinical outcomes...

    Authors: Si Young Song, Tae-Soung Kim and Young-Jin Seo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:617

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Comminuted proximal ulna fractures are severe injuries with a high degree of instability. These injuries require surgical treatment, usually angular stable plating or double plating is performed. Nailing of pr...

    Authors: Johannes Christof Hopf, Tobias Eckhard Nowak, Dorothea Mehler, Charlotte Arand, Dominik Gruszka, Ruben Westphal and Pol Maria Rommens

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:616

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In the Netherlands most patients are currently seen in an outpatient clinic after an anterior cervical discectomy, which is an effective neurosurgical procedure with relatively low rate of severe complications...

    Authors: Karel de Bree, Femke Atsma, Erik J. van Lindert, Gert P. Westert and Ronald M. H. A. Bartels

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:614

    Content type: Review

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  23. It remains controversial whether the older age to perform closed reduction (CR) procedure for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), the higher incidence of complications. The aim of this study is to evalua...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Zhang, Hao Li, Hai Li and Ziming Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:613

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) has been regarded as the “gold standard” treatment of cervical spondylosis. Though it has good outcomes, many complications still exist, such as loss of fixation,...

    Authors: Xiucheng Li, Lei He, Wei He, Zuo Lv and Xuerong Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:611

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Modern metal-on-metal (MOM) arthroplasties were performed for over a decade before alarming reports of adverse metal reactions dramatically reduced their use. Failures are seen more often with high-wearing imp...

    Authors: Tomi Nousiainen, Sanna Palosaari, Sirpa Peräniemi, Arja Tervahauta, Jaakko Niinimäki, Juhana Leppilahti and Petri Lehenkari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:610

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) and its shorter version, the Six-Item Carpal Tunnel Symptoms Scale (CTS-6), are widely used for assessing function and/or symptoms in patients with carpal tunnel s...

    Authors: Juhani Multanen, Jari Ylinen, Teemu Karjalainen, Joona Ikonen, Arja Häkkinen and Jussi P. Repo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:609

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Patients with continuous multi-vertebral lumbar spine tuberculosis (CMLSTB) were subjected to single posterior debridement, interbody fusion, and fixation to explore their clinical outcomes.

    Authors: Weihong Long, Liqun Gong, Yaqing Cui, Jie Qi, Dapeng Duan and Weiwei Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:606

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The conventional pedicle-screw-based dynamic stabilization process involves dissection of the Wiltse plane to cannulate the pedicles, which cannot be undertaken with minimal surgical invasion. Despite some rep...

    Authors: Chih-Chang Chang, Chao-Hung Kuo, Hsuan-Kan Chang, Tsung-Hsi Tu, Li-Yu Fay, Jau-Ching Wu, Henrich Cheng and Wen-Cheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:605

    Content type: Research article

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  29. A recently published paper by te Molder and colleagues in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders confirmed prior reports indicating that definitions of good versus poor outcome cutoff scores for relevant knee arthropla...

    Authors: Daniel L. Riddle and Levent Dumenci

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:604

    Content type: Correspondence

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  30. Total hip and total knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) are increasing in incidence annually. While these procedures are effective in improving pain and function, there is a risk of complications.

    Authors: Sung Mu Heo, Ian Harris, Justine Naylor and Adriane M. Lewin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:602

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the most common deformity of the lower extremity in children. The biomechanical change during closed reduction (CR) focused on cartilage contact pressure (CCP) has n...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Zhang, Dashan Sui, Haiyi Qin, Hai Li and Ziming Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:600

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Patients with persistent pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) complain of multiple symptoms that cannot be explained solely by structural changes. A poor correlation exists between structural and inflammatory chang...

    Authors: Yoshihisa Ohashi, Kensuke Fukushima, Gen Inoue, Kentaro Uchida, Tomohisa Koyama, Maho Tsuchiya, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Naonobu Takahira and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:595

    Content type: Research article

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  33. To compare the mechanical characteristics of a percutaneous superior pubic intramedullary screw, percutaneous bridging plate and percutaneous screw-rod system of the anterior ring for the treatment of unilater...

    Authors: Yong Zhao, Yupeng Ma, Dexin Zou, Xiujiang Sun, Gong Cheng, Wei Lian, Shengjie Dong, Yuchi Zhao, Wenqing Qu and Hao Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:594

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Symptomatic horizontal instability is clinically relevant following acute acromioclavicular joint dislocations. However, the intrinsic healing response is poorly understood. The present study sought to investi...

    Authors: Dirk Maier, Lars-Rene Tuecking, Anke Bernstein, Gernot Lang, Ferdinand Christian Wagner, Martin Jaeger, Peter Ogon, Norbert Paul Südkamp and Kaywan Izadpanah

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:593

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. There have been several reports of instrumentation failure after three-column resections such as total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) for spinal tumors; however, clinical outcomes of revision surgery for instrume...

    Authors: Kazuya Shinmura, Satoshi Kato, Satoru Demura, Noriaki Yokogawa, Noritaka Yonezawa, Takaki Shimizu, Norihiro Oku, Ryo Kitagawa, Makoto Handa, Ryohei Annen, Hideki Murakami and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:591

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Distal Phalanx (DP) fractures are the most common hand injuries. Bone fixation associated with soft tissue reconstruction, is often required to ensure more effective outcomes. The aim of the present study is t...

    Authors: Letizia Senesi, Andrea Marchesini, Pier Paolo Pangrazi, Marialuisa De Francesco, Antonio Gigante, Michele Riccio and Francesco De Francesco

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:590

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Secondary osteonecrosis of the knee is a rare event. There are few reports regarding management of this condition. The aim of the present study is to report treatment outcomes for secondary osteonecrosis of th...

    Authors: Tao Yang, Huaming Xue, Tong Ma, Tao Wen, Long Xue, Mengyin Guan and Yihui Tu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:585

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  38. The prepsoas lateral approach for spinal fusion, oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF), is considered one of the minimally invasive spinal fusion methods and is gaining popularity due to improved outc...

    Authors: Vit Kotheeranurak, Weerasak Singhatanadgige, Chindarat Ratanakornphan, Wicharn Yingsakmongkol, Richard A. Hynes and Worawat Limthongkul

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:583

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Acetabular reconstruction with bone impaction grafting in large defects has yielded conflicting results.

    Authors: Basilio De la Torre-Escuredo, Eva Gómez-García, Salvador Álvarez-Villar, Julia Bujan and Miguel A. Ortega

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:581

    Content type: Research article

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  40. This study aimed to compare the operative outcome of percutaneous repair (modified Bunnell suture technique) versus open repair (bundle-to-bundle suture technique) of acute Achilles tendon rupture.

    Authors: Xiaomeng Wang, Huixin Liu, Dengke Li, Zixuan Luo, Yansen Li and Fengqi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:580

    Content type: Research article

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  41. With the global determination to eliminate tuberculosis (TB), the treatment for end-stage TB of the knee joint is still a great clinical challenge. This study aims to retrospectively determine the clinical and...

    Authors: Jiachen Sun, Qiang Li, Feng Gao, Zhou Xiang, Qi Huang and Lang Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:579

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Reducing tourniquet inflation time is important because of the complications of tourniquet extensively used for the control of hemorrhage in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Bleeding management is critical to ac...

    Authors: Hongzhi Liu, Zhaohui Liu, Qidong Zhang and Wanshou Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:578

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Evaluate the effect of bacteria drug resistance profile on the success rates of debridement, antibiotics and implant retention.

    Authors: Bruno Alves Rudelli, Pedro Nogueira Giglio, Vladimir Cordeiro de Carvalho, José Ricardo Pécora, Henrique Melo Campos Gurgel, Ricardo Gomes Gobbi, José Riccardo Negreiros Vicente, Ana Lucia Lei Munhoz Lima and Camilo Partezani Helito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:574

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Failed treatment of intertrochanteric (IT) femoral fractures leads to remarkable disability and pain, and revision surgery is frequently accompanied by higher complication and reoperation rates than primary in...

    Authors: Pei Liu, Dongxu Jin, Changqing Zhang and Youshui Gao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:573

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  45. Different fixation methods have been used to treat posterior malleolar fractures (PMFs), but the clinical efficacy of different fixation methods in the treatment of PMF with different fragmentation has rarely ...

    Authors: Zheng Wang, Jianbin Sun, Jun Yan, Pengcheng Gao, Hao Zhang, Yong Yang and Qunhua Jin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:570

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Various studies have described the efficacy and safety of the treatment for unstable thoracolumbar osteoporotic burst fracture, however, there is still no consensus on the optimal treatment regimen. The aim of...

    Authors: Xudong Hu, Weihu Ma, Jianming Chen, Yang Wang and Weiyu Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:566

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Tourniquet use is associated with complications such as thigh pain, skin problems, and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This prospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the pneumatic tourniquet s...

    Authors: Jae-Young Park, Sung Eun Kim, Myung Chul Lee and Hyuk-Soo Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:565

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. To systematically review the association between knee abduction kinematics and kinetics during weight-bearing activities at baseline and the risk of future anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.

    Authors: Anna Cronström, Mark W. Creaby and Eva Ageberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:563

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Microfracture is a surgical technique that involves creating multiple holes of 3–4 mm depth in the subchondral bone to recruit stem cells in the bone marrow to the lesion, inducing fibrocartilage repair and kn...

    Authors: Xiang Yun Yin, Do Young Park, Young Jick Kim, Hye Jung Ahn, Seung-Hyun Yoo and Byoung-Hyun Min

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:557

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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