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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Minimally invasive reconstruction techniques are used for anatomical ligament construction of the lateral collateral ligament complex of the ankle, but the two key elements, the bone tunnel and the appropriate...

    Authors: Shijun Wei, Dongsheng Fan, Fang Han, Ming Tang, Changwang Kong, Feng Xu and Xianhua Cai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:289

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The transverse force couple (TFC) of the rotator cuff (subscapularis vs. infraspinatus and teres minor muscle) is an important dynamic stabilizer of the shoulder joint in the anterior-posterior direction. In p...

    Authors: Marian Mitterer, Nicholas Matis, Gernot Steiner, Imre Vasvary and Reinhold Ortmaier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:279

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Internal fixation is recommended for treating Vancouver B1 periprosthetic femoral fractures. Although several fixation procedures have been developed with high fixation stability and union rates, long-term wei...

    Authors: Daisuke Takahashi, Yoshihiro Noyama, Tsuyoshi Asano, Tomohiro Shimizu, Tohru Irie, Mohamad Alaa Terkawi and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:276

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Short hamstring muscles can cause several problems for children with cerebral palsy. The results of the clinical measurement of hamstring length are often used in decision-making about treatment of children wi...

    Authors: Erika Cloodt, Joanna Krasny, Marek Jozwiak and Elisabet Rodby-Bousquet

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:275

    Content type: Research article

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  5. There is controversy about the optimal strategy treatment of unstable distal clavicle fractures. We explored use of a surgical strategy: combination of a distal clavicle locking plate and a titanium cable. The...

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Qiang Fu, Yongchuan Li, Nan Lu, Aimin Chen and Liangyu Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:269

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Preoperative templating in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is mandatory to achieve appropriate offset and leg length equality. However, templating methods using the contralateral hip might be susceptible to error...

    Authors: Julian Hasler, Armando Hoch, Philipp Fürnstahl, Jakob Ackermann, Patrick O. Zingg and Lazaros Vlachopoulos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:268

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) is a common complaint in orthopaedics. Subacromial corticosteroid injections (CSI) can relieve pain in the short term. Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) h...

    Authors: Samuel Larrivée, Frédéric Balg, Guillaume Léonard, Sonia Bédard, Michel Tousignant and Patrick Boissy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:265

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Bone-tendon interface (enthesis) plays a pivotal role in relaxing load transfer between otherwise structurally and functionally distinct tissue types. Currently, decellularized extracellular matrix (DEM) from ...

    Authors: Qiang Shi, Can Chen, Muzhi Li, Yang Chen, Yan Xu, Jianzhong Hu, Jun Liu and Hongbin Lu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:235

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The aim of this retrospective monocentric study was to investigate the outcomes of surgically treated intra-articular calcaneus fractures in a maximum care trauma center.

    Authors: Christin Schindler, Andreas Schirm, Vilijam Zdravkovic, Primoz Potocnik, Bernhard Jost and Andreas Toepfer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:234

    Content type: Research article

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  10. This study aimed to compare the radiological results between closed nailing without bone graft (BG) and open nailing with BG for aseptic subtrochanteric nonunion and to determine when an open procedure with BG...

    Authors: Won Chul Shin, Jae Hoon Jang, Nam Hoon Moon and Se Bin Jun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:145

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an effective procedure for patients with end-stage hip osteoarthritis. However, whether or not pre-operatively existing functional deficits are persisting several years post-sur...

    Authors: Stefanie John, David Weizel, Anna S. Heumann, Anja Fischer, Katja Orlowski, Kai-Uwe Mrkor, Jürgen Edelmann-Nusser and Kerstin Witte

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:230

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Although varus inclination of the tibial plateau has increasingly been recognized as a major risk factor in the progression of Osteoarthritis of the knee (OA knee), little attention has been placed on the deve...

    Authors: Shun-Ping Wang, Po-Kuan Wu, Cheng-Hung Lee, Cheng-Min Shih, Yung-Cheng Chiu and Cheng-En Hsu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:223

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The hexapod external fixator (HEF), such as the Taylor spatial frame (TSF), offering the ability of multidirectional deformities correction without changing the structure, whereas there are so many parameters ...

    Authors: Yanshi Liu, Hong Li, Jialin Liu, Xingpeng Zhang, Maimaiaili Yushan, Zhenhui Liu, Chuang Ma and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:221

    Content type: Research article

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  14. For patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis, whether additional posterior fixation can further improve segmental alignment is unknown, compared with stand-alone cage insertion in oblique lumbar interbody ...

    Authors: Jingye Wu, Tenghui Ge, Ning Zhang, Jianing Li, Wei Tian and Yuqing Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:218

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Spinal deformity is frequently identified in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). As it progresses, tracheal stenosis often develops due to compression between the innominate artery and anteriorly deviated verte...

    Authors: Yuki Taniguchi, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, So Kato, Fumihiko Oguchi, Ayato Nohara, Toru Doi, Yasushi Oshima and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:217

    Content type: Case report

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  16. One of the causes of dissatisfaction following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is abnormal knee kinematics. A newly designed bi-cruciate stabilized (BCS) TKA system has been developed to produce close-to-normal ...

    Authors: Hiroshi Inui, Shuji Taketomi, Ryota Yamagami, Kenichi Kono, Kohei Kawaguchi, Kosuke Uehara and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:215

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Although pelvic incidence (PI) is a key morphologic parameter in assessing spinopelvic sagittal alignment, accurate measurements of PI become difficult in patients with severe hip dislocation or femoral head d...

    Authors: Yasuhito Takahashi, Kei Watanabe, Masashi Okamoto, Shun Hatsushikano, Kazuhiro Hasegawa and Naoto Endo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:214

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Measuring the strain patterns of ligaments at various joint positions informs our understanding of their function. However, few studies have examined the biomechanical properties of ankle ligaments; further, t...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Takeuchi, Ryota Inokuchi, Masato Takao, Mark Glazebrook, Xavier Martin Oliva, Takayuki Yamazaki, Maya Kubo, Danielle Lowe, Kentaro Matsui, Mai Katakura and Satoru Ozeki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:208

    Content type: Research article

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  19. 3D Surgical planning has become a key tool in complex hip revision surgery. The restoration of centre of rotation (CoR) of the hips and leg length (LL) are key factors in achieving good clinical outcome. Pelvi...

    Authors: Anna Di Laura, Johann Henckel, Elisabetta Dal Gal, Mohammed Monem, Maria Moralidou and Alister J. Hart

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:207

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although the Nirschl technique was introduced approximately 40 years ago, only limited information is available about the long-term results, especially concerning extensor power changes after surgery.

    Authors: Soonchul Lee, In-Tae Hong, Soohyun Lee, Tae-sup Kim, Kyunghun Jung and Soo-Hong Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:205

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Pediatric deformity surgery traditionally involves major blood loss. Patients refusing blood transfusion add extra clinical and medicolegal challenges; specifically the Jehovah’s witnesses population. The obje...

    Authors: Alexander Mihas, Subaraman Ramchandran, Sebastian Rivera, Ali Mansour, Jahangir Asghar, Harry Shufflebarger and Stephen George

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:204

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The surgical treatment of acetabular fracture has adverse outcomes and high risk, and minimally invasive method is a good way to reduce complications and improve hip joint function. This study is to investigat...

    Authors: Sheng Yao, Kaifang Chen, Fengzhao Zhu, Jia Liu, Yulong Wang, Lian Zeng, Yizhou Wan, Yanzhen Qu, Liang Yang, Xiaodong Guo and Xu Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:203

    Content type: Research article

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  23. To evaluate and quantify the intraoperative effect of capsulorrhaphy on the deep seating of femoral head within the acetabulum as measured by medial joint space, a surrogate measure of acetabular-head contact.

    Authors: Ramin Zargarbashi, Mohammadreza Bozorgmanesh, Behnam Panjavi and Fardis Vosoughi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:199

    Content type: Research article

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  24. A mismatch between the femoral component and trochlear resection surface is observed in kinematically aligned total knee arthroplasty (KA-TKA) when conventional prostheses are employed. This mismatch is mainly...

    Authors: Zhiwei Wang, Liang Wen, Liang Zhang, Desi Ma, Xiang Dong and Tiebing Qu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:196

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Irreparable massive rotator cuff tears (IMRCTs) are a well-known cause for functional limitation and difficult to treat. Although several joint-preserving as well as joint-replacing procedures were found to pr...

    Authors: Fabian Plachel, Paul Siegert, Philipp Moroder, Leo Pauzenberger, Brenda Laky, Werner Anderl and Philipp Heuberer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:190

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The evidence for the treatment of midthoracic fractures in elderly patients is weak. The aim of this study was to evaluate midterm results after posterior stabilization of unstable midthoracic fractures in the...

    Authors: U. J. Spiegl, P.-L. Hölbing, J.-S. Jarvers, N. v. d. Höh, P. Pieroh, G. Osterhoff and C.-E. Heyde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:188

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether pelvic incidence (PI) will affect the occurrence of PJK in Lenke 5 AIS patients after correction surgery and try to explore a better surgical scheme based on...

    Authors: Quan Zhou, Bowen Hu, Xi Yang, Yueming Song, Limin Liu, Linnan Wang, Lei Wang, Chunguang Zhou, Zhongjie Zhou, Peng Xiu and Liang Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:185

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Few studies describe thoracolumbar disc herniation (TLDH) as an isolated category, it is frequently classified as the lower thoracic spine or upper lumbar spine. Thus, less is known about the morphology and ae...

    Authors: Ang Gao, Yongqiang Wang, Miao Yu and Xiaoguang Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:177

    Content type: Research article

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  29. A two-stage prosthesis exchange procedure has been the gold standard in surgical treatment of the chronically infected knee arthroplasty so far. This includes 2 surgeries/hospitalizations and an interim period...

    Authors: Martin Lindberg-Larsen, Anders Odgaard, Charlotte Fredborg and Henrik Morville Schrøder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:175

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. We developed a porous Ti alloy/PEEK composite interbody cage by utilizing the advantages of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and titanium alloy (Ti alloy) in combination with additive manufacturing technology.

    Authors: Pei-I Tsai, Meng-Huang Wu, Yen-Yao Li, Tzu-Hung Lin, Jane S. C. Tsai, Hsin-I Huang, Hong-Jen Lai, Ming-Hsueh Lee and Chih-Yu Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:171

    Content type: Research article

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  31. In our institute, all elderly patients with displaced femoral neck fracture were treated with cemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) using the modified Dall approach. To our knowledge, there are no reports on...

    Authors: Masanao Kataoka, Hiroshi Fujita, Hiroaki Hara, Hideto Harada, Yuki Okutani and Yoshiki Murotani

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:162

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In the modern western world appraisal of economical points such as treatment and disability after trauma present a financial burden. In this context open reduction internal fixation techniques allowing for ear...

    Authors: Michael Zyskowski, Markus Wurm, Frederik Greve, Sebastian Pesch, Francesca von Matthey, Patrick Pflüger, Moritz Crönlein, Peter Biberthaler and Chlodwig Kirchhoff

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:159

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Bilateral decompression via unilateral approach (BDUA) is an effective surgical approach for treating lumbar degenerative diseases. However, no studies of prognosis, especially the recovery of the soft tissue,...

    Authors: Yifan Huang, Jian Chen, Peng Gao, Changjiang Gu, Jin Fan, Zhiyi Hu, Xiaojian Cao, Guoyong Yin and Wei Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:156

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (DEH) is a rare benign overgrowth generally affecting the epiphyses and short bones of the lower limbs. DEH in the elbow joint is extremely rare, and to date, only three cases...

    Authors: Hiva Mohamadian, Mansour Bahardoust, Borzouyeh Molazem Sanandaji and Saba Saberi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:151

    Content type: Case report

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  35. There are disputes about which reduction technique should be adopted in treatment of distal radius-ulna fractures in older children who failed to achieve manual reduction. This study compared clinical effects ...

    Authors: Qiang Huang, Fei Su, Zhi Meng Wang, Han Zhong Xue, Liang Sun, Teng Ma, Qian Wang, Yao Lu, Ming Li, Cheng Ren, Cong Ming Zhang, Kun Zhang and Zhong Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:147

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Ulnar shortening osteotomy (USO) is an effective treatment for ulnar impaction syndrome. However, there have been reports of osteoarthritis (OA) at the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) when USO was performed on ...

    Authors: Hui-Kuang Huang, Steve K. Lee, Yi-Chao Huang, Cheng-Yu Yin, Ming-Chau Chang and Jung-Pan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:136

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Pain catastrophizing, anxiety, and depression are risk factors for poor functional outcomes and worse post-treatment pain that can be treated alongside physical care given to orthopedic patients. While these f...

    Authors: Paul Gudmundsson, Paul A. Nakonezny, Jason Lin, Rebisi Owhonda, Heather Richard and Joel Wells

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:133

    Content type: Research article

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  38. With the developments in the arthroscopic technique, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) remnant-preserving reconstruction is gradually gaining attention with respect to improving proprioception and enhancing ear...

    Authors: Dong Jin Ryu, Kyeu Back Kwon, Da Hee Hong, Sang Jun Park, Jae Sung Park and Joon Ho Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:132

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Posterior percutaneous endoscopy cervical discectomy (p-PECD) is an effective strategy for the treatment of cervical diseases, with a working cannula ranging from 3.7 mm to 6.9 mm in diameter. However, to date...

    Authors: Tong Yu, Jiu-Ping Wu, Jun Zhang, Hai-Chi Yu and Qin-Yi Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:131

    Content type: Research article

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  40. To reduce periprosthetic joint infection after total hip arthroplasty (THA), several nasal screening and decolonization strategies for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive

    Authors: Hisahiro Tonotsuka, Hajime Sugiyama, Ayano Amagami, Keigo Yonemoto, Ryuichi Sato and Mitsuru Saito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:129

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Uncemented allograft prosthesis composite (APC) has been applied for tumorous bone defect reconstruction in the proximal femur. However, the long-term results are rarely reported. This study aimed to evaluate ...

    Authors: Cai Liu, Li Min, Yong Zhou, Yi Luo, Fan Tang, Minxun Lu, Hong Duan, Wenli Zhang, Xinzhu Yu and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:128

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The role of a tourniquet is still controversial for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Our current study was performed to determine whether the nonuse of the tourniquet combine with tranexamic ...

    Authors: Zeng Yi, Li Yan, Si Haibo, Wu Yuangang, Li Mingyang, Liu Yuan and Shen Bin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:126

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Acetabular fractures with medial displacement of the quadrilateral plate (QLP) are common in the elderly. The presence of QLP fractures greatly increase the surgical difficulty of acetabular fractures. This st...

    Authors: Haiyang Wu, Qipeng Shao, Ranran Shang, Chengjing Song, Ximing Liu and Xianhua Cai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:122

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Treatment of atlantoaxial dislocation is aimed at reduction and stabilization of the atlantoaxial joint. 3D printing refers to a process where additive manufacturing is achieved under precise computer control....

    Authors: Shenglin Wang, Huijie Leng, Yinglun Tian, Nanfang Xu and Zhongjun Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:121

    Content type: Technical advance

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  45. Spondylodiscitis is an unusual infectious disease, which usually originates as a pathogenic infection of intervertebral discs and then spreads to neighboring vertebral bodies. The objective of this study is to...

    Authors: Jianbiao Xu, Leiming Zhang, Rongqiang Bu, Yankang Liu, Kai-Uwe Lewandrowski and Xifeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:120

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Torsional malalignment has been considered as a risk factor for patellar dislocation. But the influence of patellar dislocation for torsional alignment development remains unknown. The present study aims to in...

    Authors: Jinghui Niu, Qi Qi, Kang Piao, Kuo Hao, Iftekhar Sharif and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:119

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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