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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    This study describes how patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis (OA), scheduled for arthroplasty, characterize their pain qualitatively and quantitatively and investigates whether differences exist in pain e...

    Authors: Josefina Skogö Nyvang, Josefine E. Naili, Maura D. Iversen, Eva W. Broström and Margareta Hedström

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:365

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The main purpose of this retrospective case series study was to evaluate long-term radiographic and clinical outcomes of a consecutive series of patients diagnosed with isolated, displaced, closed talar neck o...

    Authors: Carlo Biz, Nicolò Golin, Michele De Cicco, Nicola Maschio, Ilaria Fantoni, Antonio Frizziero, Elisa Belluzzi and Pietro Ruggieri

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:363

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  3. Content type: Study protocol

    Scaphoid fractures are the most common carpal fractures. They often need to be treated by surgery, where the use of a compression screw is the globally accepted gold standard. Surgeons may choose between diffe...

    Authors: Sören Könneker, Katja Krockenberger, Claudia Pieh, Christian von Falck, Bernard Brandewiede, Peter M. Vogt, Martin H. Kirschner and Andreas Ziegler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:357

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Good outcomes have been reported in revision total hip replacement with massive segmental defects using impaction bone grafting with circumferential metal meshes. However, the morphology of defects that requir...

    Authors: Tohru Irie, Daisuke Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Asano, Tomohiro Shimizu, Ryuta Arai, Alaa Muhammad Terkawi, Yoichi M. Ito and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:355

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    In the treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis (LE) no single intervention concerning injection therapies has been proven to be the most effective with regard to pain reduction. In this trial 3 injection therapies ...

    Authors: Renée Keijsers, P. Paul F. M. Kuijer, Koen L. M. Koenraadt, Michel P. J. van den Bekerom, Carina L. E. Gerritsma-Bleeker, Annechien Beumer, Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen and Denise Eygendaal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:351

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The aims of this study were to discuss the principle, therapeutic effect and influencing factors of multiple wrapped cancellous bone graft methods for treatment of segmental bone defects.

    Authors: Yunhong Ma, Sanjun Gu, Qudong Yin, Haifeng Li, Yongwei Wu, Zihong Zhou, Dehong Feng and Yongjun Rui

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:346

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Superior shoulder dislocation is a rare type of shoulder dislocation. Its occurrence is thought to be associated with rupture of the deltoid; however, few reports are available on the mechanism of onset and th...

    Authors: Ryogo Furuhata, Yasuhiro Kiyota, Taiki Ikeda, Masaaki Takahashi, Hideo Morioka and Hiroshi Arino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:345

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Surgical treatment of radial head fractures is increasingly performed arthroscopically. These fractures often feature concomitant injuries to the elbow joint, which may be under-diagnosed in the radiological e...

    Authors: Florian Haasters, Tobias Helfen, Wolfgang Böcker, Hermann O. Mayr, Wolf Christian Prall and Andreas Lenich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:343

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Tranexamic acid (TXA) is effective in reduction of hemorrhage after major surgical procedures. In total joint replacement it is commonly administered intravenously. Despite various studies regarding the safety...

    Authors: Eric Tille, Jonas Mysliwietz, Franziska Beyer, Anne Postler and Jörg Lützner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:341

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To compare the efficacy and safety of simultaneous vs staged unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) for bilateral unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee.

    Authors: Shuo Feng, Zhi Yang, Jian-Ning Sun, Liang Zhu, Song Wang, Kai-Jin Guo, Xiang-Yang Chen and Guo-Chun Zha

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:340

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Local antibiotic application has been widely used in orthopedic surgery. The dose-related toxicity of antibiotics towards periosteal tissues and resulting effects on osteogenic expression are yet to be studied.

    Authors: Chih-Hao Chiu, Kin Fong Lei, Yi-Sheng Chan, Steve W. N. Ueng and Alvin Chao-Yu Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:339

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The mechanism of pain after meniscus injury remains unknown. After injury, some individuals suffered from acute pain, while others suffer from delayed pain. A precise nociceptor distribution pattern may provid...

    Authors: Yipeng Lin, Kaibo Zhang, Qi Li, Jian Li and Bin Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:338

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Biodegradable implants reduce the likelihood of further surgery for hardware removal and reduce the risks of associated infection and allergy. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy and...

    Authors: Henry Dushan Atkinson, Shahnawaz Khan, Yasha Lashgari and Andreas Ziegler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:334

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Intraosseous suture-button devices have been used for acromioclavicular joint reconstruction due to its relative simplicity compared with other procedures. However, the complications of acromioclavicular joint...

    Authors: Doji Inoue, Ryogo Furuhata, Kazuya Kaneda, Yoshihiro Ritsuno, Aki Kono, Yasuhiro Kiyota, Hideo Morioka and Hiroshi Arino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:333

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Head breakage is a serious complication following total hip arthroplasty when using Ceramic on Ceramic bearings surfaces. There is still in controversy about the selection of bearing surfaces when conducting r...

    Authors: Dan Xing, Chaolei Yang, Rujun Li, Yunfei Hou, Bolong Kou, Hu Li and Jianhao Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:332

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Although surgery prevents the progression of deformity and maintains the overall balance of the spine in congenital scoliosis (CS) patients, it is associated with a high risk of perioperative complications. Pu...

    Authors: Lei Wu, Xi-nuo Zhang, Yun-sheng Wang, Yu-zeng Liu and Yong Hai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:331

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether tranexamic acid (TXA) administration could reduce blood loss and transfusion risk after simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (SBTKA).

    Authors: Guorui Cao, Guo Chen, Qiang Huang, Zeyu Huang, Peter G. Alexander, Hang Lin, Hong Xu, Zongke Zhou and Fuxing Pei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:325

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  18. Content type: Technical advance

    Recurrent severe Dupuytren contracture of the small finger’s proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint is a difficult problem. Further surgery carries high risk of complications and poor outcome. Patients are often...

    Authors: Asa Eiriksdottir and Isam Atroshi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:323

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Pretension of the viscoelastic graft by cyclic knee motion has been confirmed to decrease the graft creep and improve the outcome of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The purpose of the present ...

    Authors: Dong Jiang, Ying-fang Ao, Chen Jiao, Qin-wei Guo, Xing Xie, Feng Zhao, Nan Li, Xiao-xiao Wang and Yue-lin Hu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:321

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Surgical treatment of young patients with recurrent lateral patella dislocation (RLDP) is often recommended because of loss of knee function that compromises their level of activity or even their daily life fu...

    Authors: Truls Martin Straume-Næsheim, Per-Henrik Randsborg, Jan Rune Mikaelsen, Einar Andreas Sivertsen, Brian Devitt, Lars-Petter Granan and Asbjørn Årøen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:318

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The treatment of open tibial shaft fractures is challenging. External fixation (EF) is comparatively safe in treating these open injuries, meanwhile it has the advantages of easy application, minimal additiona...

    Authors: Zi-Chen Hao, Yan Xia, De-Meng Xia, Yun-Tong Zhang and Shuo-Gui Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:311

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Morphological variations of the EHL concern mainly the accessory tendons and the site of their insertion. The aim of our study is to present a new classification of the EHL.

    Authors: Łukasz Olewnik, Michał Podgórski, Michał Polguj, Kacper Ruzik and Mirosław Topol

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:310

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Distal radius fractures (DRF) are very common in elderly patients, who present at the Emergency Department. Surgical treatment with open reduction and internal fixation using volar locking plates is widely pre...

    Authors: Jonas Pedersen, Simon Oksbjerre Mortensen, Jan Duedal Rölfing and Rikke Thorninger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:309

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Mental health has been shown to improve after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Little is known about the role of pain and function in this context. We assessed whether change in mental health was associated with ...

    Authors: Uyen-Sa D. T. Nguyen, Thomas Perneger, Patricia D. Franklin, Christophe Barea, Pierre Hoffmeyer and Anne Lübbeke

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:307

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Geriatric hip fracture patients are particularly susceptible to blood loss and venous thromboembolism (VTE) during hemiarthroplasty, yet relatively few studies have examined the safety and efficacy of tranexam...

    Authors: Jinwei Xie, Qinsheng Hu, Qiang Huang, Guo Chen, Zongke Zhou and Fuxing Pei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:304

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  26. Content type: Case report

    We report a case of prosthetic hip joint infection in a heart transplant recipient due to Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens, a genus of spiral-shaped curved anaerobic gram-negative rod which colonizes the gas...

    Authors: Gregory R. Madden, Melinda D. Poulter, Michael P. Crawford, Daniel S. Wilson and Gerald R. Donowitz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:301

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To compare the mid-long-term clinical and radiological outcomes between a combination of cortico-cancellous iliac bone graft with vascularized greater trochanter flap (Group A) and isolate iliac bone graft (Gr...

    Authors: Wenjun Feng, Jinlun Chen, Keliang Wu, Lu Lu, Peng Deng, Pengcheng Ye, Houran Cao, Jie Li, Jianchun Zeng, Ke Jie, Xinyu Qi and Yirong Zeng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:298

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Blood loss during hemivertebra resection may be substantial. Few studies have examined the risk factors of blood loss undergoing hemivertebra resection, especially those in patients under 10 years old.

    Authors: Lulu Ma, Jianguo Zhang, Jianxiong Shen, Yu Zhao, Shugang Li, Xuerong Yu and Yuguang Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:297

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Intraspinal gas pseudocyst is rare, especially following spinal surgery. Here we present a case of spinal epidural gas pseudocyst following lumbar decompression surgery, which caused dura sac compression.

    Authors: Jianwei Guo, Xuexiao Ma, Yong Liu, Guanghui Li, Dexun Wang, Zhongying Wang and Shuzhong Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:296

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The elbow is the joint that most usually dislocates in children. In contrast to the widely known recent increase in the incidence of upper-extremity fractures and their operative treatment in children, potenti...

    Authors: Hanna Hyvönen, Linda Korhonen, Juuli Hannonen, Willy Serlo and Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:294

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Titanium instrumentations are widely used in orthopedics; the metal bonds with bone in a process called osseointegration. Over time, hydrocarbons adhere to the instrumentation, which weakens the bone-binding a...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Tominaga, Kanehiro Matsuyama, Yukihiro Morimoto, Takuya Yamamoto, Setsuro Komiya and Yasuhiro Ishidou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:292

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of wearable devices for objective gait measurement of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (LSS) patients, with a focus on relevant gait met...

    Authors: Ananya Chakravorty, Ralph J. Mobbs, David B. Anderson, Kaitlin Rooke, Kevin Phan, Nicole Yoong, Monish Maharaj and Wen Jie Choy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:288

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Primary purpose of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing arthroscopic arthrolysis in posttraumatic and non-traumatic elbow stiffness. Secondary aims are to compare the level of ...

    Authors: Saroj Rai, Qimin Zhang, Nira Tamang, Shengyang Jin, Hong Wang and Chunqing Meng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:285

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Reductions in lower extremity muscle strength, size and quality and increased fat content have been reported in advanced hip osteoarthritis (OA). Whether these differences are also evident at earlier stages of...

    Authors: Aderson Loureiro, Maria Constantinou, Belinda Beck, Rod S. Barrett and Laura E. Diamond

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:283

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  35. Content type: Technical advance

    Compared to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), cervical motion segment and disc was retained through anterior transcorporeal herniotomy (ATH). But surgical field and manipulation in traditional AT...

    Authors: Qian Du, Lan-Qiong Lei, Guan-Ru Cao, Wei-Jun Kong, Jun Ao, Xin Wang, An-Su Wang and Wen-Bo Liao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:280

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Higher tourniquet pressures may be associated with an increased risk of complications. We aimed to determine (1) whether a lower tourniquet pressure [systolic blood pressure (SBP) + 120 mmHg] is as effective a...

    Authors: Tae Kyun Kim, Ankur B. Bamne, Jae Ang Sim, Ji Hyeon Park and Young Gon Na

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:275

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Bone tunnel enlargement following primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with soft tissue graft might be a severe disadvantage for revision surgery. The postoperative rehabilitation protocol i...

    Authors: Takuya Tajima, Nami Yamaguchi, Makoto Nagasawa, Yudai Morita, Yoshihiro Nakamura and Etsuo Chosa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:274

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The treatment strategy for evolutive septic arthritis (SA) with coexistent degenerative joint disease is not well established. The purposes of this study were to 1) investigate treatment outcome and potential ...

    Authors: Chi Xu, Feng-Chih Kuo, Matthew Kheir, Xin Li, Wei Chai and Ji-Ying Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:272

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Periarticular injection (PAI) is a regional analgesia method performed in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for postoperative pain relief. However, its efficacy and safety is still inconclusive. Therefore, we condu...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:269

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  40. Content type: Research article

    About one fourth of patients with hip fracture have cognitive impairment. These patients are at higher risk of surgical and medical complications and are often excluded from participating in clinical research....

    Authors: Målfrid Holen Kristoffersen, Eva Dybvik, Ole Martin Steihaug, Christoffer Andreas Bartz-Johannesen, Mette Irene Martinsen, Anette Hylen Ranhoff, Lars Birger Engesæter and Jan-Erik Gjertsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:268

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  41. Content type: Research article

    It is unclear whether postoperative outcomes are associated with the cartilage regeneration after open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) combined with microfracture. The purpose of this study was to evaluate...

    Authors: O-Sung Lee, Seung Hoon Lee, Su Jung Mok and Yong Seuk Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:267

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Using data from the Korean Hip Registry, we aimed to investigate mid-term clinical and radiographic outcomes, including the prevalence of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), osteolysis, and component looseni...

    Authors: Seung-Chan Kim, Young-Wook Lim, Woo-Lam Jo, Hyun-Woo Park, Sung-Bin Han, Soon-Yong Kwon and Yong-Sik Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:263

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Thigh pain and cortical hypertrophies (CH) have been reported in the short term for specific short hip stem designs. The purpose of the study was to investigate 1) the differences in clinical outcome, thigh pa...

    Authors: Moritz M. Innmann, Johannes Weishorn, Thomas Bruckner, Marcus R. Streit, Tilman Walker, Tobias Gotterbarm, Christian Merle and Michael W. Maier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:261

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The risk of posterior cage migration (PCM) exists when a fusion cage is used for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). This complication is influenced by contact pressure between the endplate and the ...

    Authors: Yung-Hsueh Hu, Chi-Chien Niu, Ming-Kai Hsieh, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Wen-Jer Chen and Po-Liang Lai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:260

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  45. Content type: Research article

    There have been only a few reports of subsequent postoperative vertebral fracture following posterior spinal instrumentation fusion, especially in elderly female patients. This study attempted to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Masahiro Nakahashi, Hiroshi Uei, Yasuaki Tokuhashi, Masafumi Maseda, Hirokatsu Sawada, Hirotoki Soma and Hiroyuki Miyakata

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:259

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Different substances are combined to compensate for each other’s drawbacks and create an appropriate biomaterial. A novel Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/chitosan (CS) porous hydrogel was designed and applied to the t...

    Authors: Liangquan Peng, Yong Zhou, Wei Lu, Weimin Zhu, Yusheng Li, Kang Chen, Greg Zhang, Jian Xu, Zhenhan Deng and Daping Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:257

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Safe placement of pedicle screws without jeopardizing neurovascular structures medially and anteriorly is important during spine surgery. Inferior breach of pedicle is also dangerous due to low margin of error...

    Authors: Hsi-Hsien Lin, Jung-Pan Wang, Cheng-Li Lin, Yu-Cheng Yao, Shih-Tien Wang, Ming-Chau Chang and Po-Hsin Chou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:252

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture patients are frail and have a high mortality. We investigated whether the introduction of fast track care reduced the 30-day mortality after hip fractures.

    Authors: Christian Thomas Pollmann, Jan Harald Røtterud, Jan-Erik Gjertsen, Fredrik Andreas Dahl, Olav Lenvik and Asbjørn Årøen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:248

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Managing with diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) is challenging. Even after infective bone resection and thorough debridement, DFO is still difficult to cure and has a high recurrence rate. This retrospective s...

    Authors: Cheng-He Qin, Chun-Hao Zhou, Hui-Juan Song, Guo-Yun Cheng, Hong-An Zhang, Jia Fang and Rui Tao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:246

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