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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

Page 1 of 26

  1. Serial casting is a treatment for early onset scoliosis (EOS) in young children to achieve curve correction before bracing or to postpone initial surgical treatment until the patient is older. Good results hav...

    Authors: Tobias M. Ballhause, Menard Moritz, Annika Hättich, Ralf Stücker and Kiril Mladenov

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:554

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Injuries in the musculoskeletal system, such as tendon and ligament ruptures, are challenging to manage and often require surgical reconstructions with limited long-term success. Thus, characterizations of the...

    Authors: Endre Soreide, Janet M. Denbeigh, Eric A. Lewallen, Roman Thaler, Rebekah M. Samsonraj, Dakota L. Jones, Wei Xu, Dirk Larson, Lars Nordsletten, Sanjeev Kakar and Andre J. van Wijnen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:549

    Content type: Research article

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  3. We investigated the clinical value of posterior percutaneous endoscopic decompression (PED) for single-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR). Methods: Clini...

    Authors: Chengli Li, Xiaojie Tang, Song Chen, Yongchun Meng and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:548

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The current gold standard for the treatment of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is reconstruction with tendon graft. Recently, two surgical ACL repair techniques have been developed for treating an ...

    Authors: Christiaan H. W. Heusdens, Katja Zazulia, Ella Roelant, Lieven Dossche, Damien van Tiggelen, Johan Roeykens, Elke Smits, Johan Vanlauwe and Pieter Van Dyck

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:547

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Wearable sensors are acquiring more and more influence in diagnostic and rehabilitation field to assess motor abilities of people with neurological or musculoskeletal impairments. The aim of this systematic li...

    Authors: Arianna Carnevale, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Emiliano Schena, Carlo Massaroni, Daniela Lo Presti, Alessandra Berton, Vincenzo Candela and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:546

    Content type: Research article

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  6. L3 vertebral fractures with posterior dislocation are rare and usually secondary to high-energy trauma. To assess the outcome of a valuable distraction technique, using long-tail multiaxial pedicle screw which...

    Authors: Zhangzhe Zhou, Yimeng Wang, Zhiyong Sun, Xiaoyu Zhu and Zhonglai Qian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:545

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Several methods are available for the treatment of early-stage osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Core decompression with implantation is a widely-used treatment. However, no single implant is recognized as th...

    Authors: Liangta Huang, Feiyan Chen, Siqun Wang, Yibing Wei, Gangyong Huang, Jie Chen, Jingsheng Shi, Rajeev K. Naidu, Jun Xia and Tiger H. Tao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:544

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Low aspiration volumes have been recommended to allow for higher concentrations of progenitor cells during bone marrow harvesting. However, these guidelines then require multiple aspiration attempts in order t...

    Authors: Lukas N. Muench, Cameron Kia, Alexander Otto, Julian Mehl, Joshua B. Baldino, Mark P. Cote, Mary Beth McCarthy, Knut Beitzel and Augustus D. Mazzocca

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:543

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a single- vs. double-layer cementing technique on morphological cementation and the generation of microscopic cement layers or loose cement fragments i...

    Authors: Christian B. Scheele, Matthias F. Pietschmann, Christian Schröder, Christian Suren, Thomas M. Grupp and Peter E. Müller

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:539

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Volar locked plate for distal radius fracture is one of the common procedures performed in trauma surgery. There are already some factors which can be used to predict the functional outcome after volar locked ...

    Authors: Hui Yao, Weijia Zhang, Wenbin Xu, Kaihua Liu and Yichun Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:538

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Injury to the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve (IBSN) is common during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with a standard midline skin incision. Occasionally, painful neuromas form at the transection of ...

    Authors: Yongbo Xiang, Zeng Li, Peng Yu, Zhibo Zheng, Bin Feng and Xisheng Weng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:536

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Achilles tendinopathy is one of the most common overuse injuries in running, and forefoot pronation, seen in flatfeet participants, has been proposed to cause additional loading across the Achilles tendon. Foo...

    Authors: Kawin K. W. Lee, Samuel K. K. Ling and Patrick S. H. Yung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:535

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of reduction quality, using intraoperative 3D imaging, on quality of life and functional outcome in the operative treatment of tibial plafond fractures.

    Authors: Maxim Privalov, Finn Euler, Holger Keil, Benedict Swartman, Nils Beisemann, Jochen Franke, Paul Alfred Grützner and Sven Y. Vetter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:534

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the three dimensional (3D) femoral head displacement in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and Crowe classification.

    Authors: Rongshan Cheng, Henghui Zhang, Willem Alexander Kernkamp, Jingmao Zheng, Kerong Dai, Yifei Yao, Liao Wang and Tsung-Yuan Tsai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:530

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Fractures of the humeral shaft represent 2–4% of all fractures. Fractures of the humerus have traditionally been approached posteriorly for open reduction and internal fixation. Reports of treating midshaft fr...

    Authors: Sebastian Lotzien, Clemens Hoberg, Valentin Rausch, Thomas Rosteius, Thomas Armin Schildhauer and Jan Gessmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:527

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Gait kinematics after total hip replacement only partly explain the differences in the joint moments in the frontal plane between hip osteoarthritis patients after hip replacement and healthy controls. The goa...

    Authors: Stefan van Drongelen, Hanna Kaldowski, Timur Tarhan, Ayman Assi, Andrea Meurer and Felix Stief

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:526

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The surgical approaches to thoracolumbar junction (T12-L1) tuberculosis were controversial. We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of three different procedures through a multicentre retrospective study.

    Authors: Yanping Zeng, Peng Cheng, Jiulin Tan, Zhilin Li, Yuan Chen, Li Tao Li, Yonghong Zheng, Gaoju Wang, Jianzhong Xu and Zehua Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:524

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Simple tenotomy and anchor tenodesis are commonly used in treatment of long biceps tendon (LHB) pathologies. The tenotomy can result in biceps distalization or cosmetic deformities. A novel loop Tenodesis Tech...

    Authors: Maximilian Kerschbaum, Andreas Voss, Christian Pfeifer, Isabella Weiss, Agnes Mayr, Volker Alt, Stefan Greiner and Stephan Grechenig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:522

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The killer turn has been documented as the primary drawback of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. Fanelli advocated placing the tibial tunnel outlet in the inferior lateral part of the PCL fovea...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Wang, Yan Xiong, Qi Li, Gang Chen, Zhong Zhang, Xin Tang and Jian Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:521

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Severe acetabular bone defects is a complex problem in revision hip arthroplasty, cage is one of the reconstruction options. The purpose of this study is to report the mid-long term clinical and radiographic r...

    Authors: Qiang Xiao, Haoyang Wang, Kai Zhou, Duan Wang, Tingxian Ling, Fuxing Pei and Zongke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:517

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Limb length discrepancy (LLD) is one of the main cause of dissatisfaction after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The teardrop-lesser trochanter method can accurately predict and analyze LLD for healthy people. Ho...

    Authors: Renwen Guo, Jerry Yongqiang Chen, Guoqiang Zhang, Yonggang Zhou, Jiying Chen and Wei Chai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:513

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Proximal humeral fractures (PHFs) are the third most commonly occurring fractures in elderly patients. Most of these fractures can be treated with conservative methods, but the optimal surgical treatment strat...

    Authors: Xueliang Cui, Hui Chen, Binbin Ma, Wenbin Fan and He Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:511

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Hallux valgus(HV) with an increased distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA) is one of the most common foot deformities among adults. Double metatarsal osteotomy (DMO) is effective in treating severe HV deform...

    Authors: Xinwen Wang, Qian Wen, Yi Li, Cheng Liu, Kai Zhao, Hongmou Zhao and Xiaojun Liang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:508

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To compare the clinical outcomes between the use of a distal clavicular locking plate alone and the combined use of a plate and a coracoclavicular suture anchor in the treatment of Neer IIb distal clavicle fra...

    Authors: Hua Xu, Wen Jun Chen, Xiao Cheng Zhi and Shi Chang Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:503

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Ankle syndesmosis injuries are common and range in severity from subclinical to grossly unstable. Definitive diagnosis of these injuries can be made with plain film radiographs, but are often missed when sever...

    Authors: Cara L. Fisher, Tebyan Rabbani, Katelyn Johnson, Rustin Reeves and Addison Wood

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The treatment for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly has always been a controversial issue. The aim in this study was to compare the curative effects of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PF...

    Authors: Shenghu Zhou, Jun Liu, Ping Zhen, Weiwei Shen, Yanfeng Chang, Haoqiang Zhang, Qingsheng Zhu and Xusheng Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:500

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Recently, various studies have reported the importance of distinguishing between balanced and unbalanced SL, sustaining the importance of SL reduction in unbalanced cases. In this study we present our experien...

    Authors: Konstantinos Martikos, Tiziana Greggi and Cesare Faldini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:499

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Advanced practice physiotherapists (APP) have helped improve accessibility to orthopaedic outpatient care. Several studies have validated the APP practice model in orthopaedic care, demonstrating high agreemen...

    Authors: David Yin, François Cabana, Yannick Tousignant-Laflamme, Sonia Bédard and Michel Tousignant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:498

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The optimal anchor density in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery to achieve good curve correction remains unclear. The purpose of the study is to analyze the correlations between three-dimensional c...

    Authors: Yu-Cheng Yeh, Chi-Chien Niu, Lih-Huei Chen, Wen-Jer Chen and Po-Liang Lai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:497

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Several risk factors for adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) have been identified in literature. To this date, little attention has been paid to the lateral ligament complex and its influence on AAFD, alt...

    Authors: Stephan H. Wirth, Arnd F. Viehöfer, Sarvpreet Singh, Stefan M. Zimmermann, Tobias Götschi, Dominic Rigling and Lukas Jud

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Return to sport (RTS) criteria are widely being used to identify anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed (ACLR) athletes ready to return to sportive activity and reduce risk of ACL re-injury. However, studies...

    Authors: Sadegh Norouzi, Fateme Esfandiarpour, Sina Mehdizadeh, Nasim Kiani Yousefzadeh and Mohamad Parnianpour

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:492

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The Eclipse® (Eclipse® is a trademark of Arthrex, Naples, Florida) stemless shoulder prosthesis offers the surgeon the advantage of bone stock preservation and at the same time avoids the drawbacks of a resurf...

    Authors: Mohamed Moursy, Milan Niks, Aditya S. Kadavkolan and Lars J. Lehmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:490

    Content type: Research article

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  33. To perform medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO), surgeons expose the medial-proximal tibia by releasing or cutting the superficial layer of the medial collateral ligament (sMCL). Biomechanically, th...

    Authors: Dai Sato, Eiji Kondo, Koji Yabuuchi, Jun Onodera, Tomohiro Onodera, Tomonori Yagi, Keita Sakamoto, Akira Takasawa, Norimasa Iwasaki and Kazunori Yasuda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:481

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To assess the efficacy and safety of intravenous and subsequent long-term oral tranexamic acid (TXA) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without a tourniquet.

    Authors: Hao-Yang Wang, Liu Wang, Ze-Yu Luo, Duan Wang, Xin Tang, Zong-Ke Zhou and Fu-Xing Pei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:478

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Repair of full-thickness rotator cuff (RC) tears is routinely performed using suture anchors, which produce secure and effective soft tissue fixation to bone. The aim of this prospective study is to compare th...

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Stefano Petrillo, Mattia Loppini, Vincenzo Candela, Giacomo Rizzello, Nicola Maffulli and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:477

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Research indicates reduced knee function and stability decades after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Assessment requires reliable functional tests that discriminate such outcomes from asymptomatic kne...

    Authors: Andrew Strong, Eva Tengman, Divya Srinivasan and Charlotte K. Häger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:476

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Computer Assisted Surgery (CAS) has proven to improve the accuracy in several orthopedic procedures. Therefore we used this technique to evaluate femoral component positioning in Hip Resurfacing Arthroplasty (...

    Authors: M. C. Koper, M. Reijman, E. M. van Es, J. H. Waarsing, H. W. J. Koot, S. B. Keizer, I. Jansen, F. C. van Biezen, J. A. N. Verhaar and P. K. Bos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:473

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Although microendoscopic partial laminectomy for patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) has been reported and demonstrated good results, a detailed comparison of its mid-term surgical results wit...

    Authors: Yasushi Oshima, So Kato, Toru Doi, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Yuki Taniguchi and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:471

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Literature indicates that adjacent-segment diseases after posterior lumbar interbody fusion with pedicle screw fixation accelerate degenerative changes at unfused adjacent segments due to the increased motion ...

    Authors: Fon-Yih Tsuang, Jui-Chang Tsai and Dar-Ming Lai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:470

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a challenging complication of total elbow replacement (TER). Potential surgical treatments include one- or two-stage revision; however, the best treatment for elbow PJI is n...

    Authors: Setor K. Kunutsor, Andrew D. Beswick, Michael R. Whitehouse and Ashley W. Blom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:467

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Pelvic ring fractures associated with vaginal injuries were rarely reported due to low incidence. The displaced segments of pelvic ring may increase the risk of vaginal injury. The aim of this retrospective st...

    Authors: Pengyu Li, Dongsheng Zhou, Baisheng Fu, Wenhao Song and Jinlei Dong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:466

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Midshaft clavicular fractures are common fractures and generally treated conservatively. Among the surgical options, plate fixation is the most popular and has been biomechanically and clinically proven in num...

    Authors: Nachapan Pengrung, Natthaphop Lakdee, Chedtha Puncreobutr, Boonrat Lohwongwatana and Paphon Sa-ngasoongsong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:465

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Intra-articular tranexamic acid (TXA) as an adjunct to intravenous TXA was reported to decrease perioperative blood loss during unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there have been no randomized ...

    Authors: Sachiyuki Tsukada, Kenji Kurosaka, Masahiro Nishino, Tetsuyuki Maeda, Yoshiharu Yonekawa and Naoyuki Hirasawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:464

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Trunk muscle dysfunction is often regarded as a key feature of non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) despite being poorly understood and variable with increases, decreases and no change in muscle activit...

    Authors: Rebecca Hemming, Liba Sheeran, Robert van Deursen and Valerie Sparkes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:459

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Scarf osteotomy (SO) was broadly applied in moderate to severe hallux valgus (MSHV), and the results were satisfactory. However, due to the complicated pathologic changes in hallux valgus, the ideal surgical t...

    Authors: Yuan Xiong, Bo Shen, Cheng Hao, Kai Xiao, Junwen Wang and Zhenhua Fang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:455

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The topic that whether the injured deltoid ligament should be repaired when associated with ankle joint fractures is still discussed. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical effect of open redu...

    Authors: Bohua Li, Shanxi Wang, Zhengdong Zhang, Hai Yang, Jun Li, Qin Li and Lei Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:453

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Hallux valgus deformity (HV) affects around every fourth individual, and surgical treatment is performed in every thousandth person. There is an ongoing quest for the best surgical management and reduction of ...

    Authors: Stephan H. Wirth, Niklas Renner, Richard Niehaus, Jan Farei-Campagna, Marcel Deggeller, Fabrice Scheurer, Katie Palmer and Thorsten Jentzsch

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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