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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Comminuted proximal ulna fractures are severe injuries with a high degree of instability. These injuries require surgical treatment, usually angular stable plating or double plating is performed. Nailing of pr...

    Authors: Johannes Christof Hopf, Tobias Eckhard Nowak, Dorothea Mehler, Charlotte Arand, Dominik Gruszka, Ruben Westphal and Pol Maria Rommens

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:616

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In the Netherlands most patients are currently seen in an outpatient clinic after an anterior cervical discectomy, which is an effective neurosurgical procedure with relatively low rate of severe complications...

    Authors: Karel de Bree, Femke Atsma, Erik J. van Lindert, Gert P. Westert and Ronald M. H. A. Bartels

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:614

    Content type: Review

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  3. It remains controversial whether the older age to perform closed reduction (CR) procedure for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), the higher incidence of complications. The aim of this study is to evalua...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Zhang, Hao Li, Hai Li and Ziming Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:613

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) has been regarded as the “gold standard” treatment of cervical spondylosis. Though it has good outcomes, many complications still exist, such as loss of fixation,...

    Authors: Xiucheng Li, Lei He, Wei He, Zuo Lv and Xuerong Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:611

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Modern metal-on-metal (MOM) arthroplasties were performed for over a decade before alarming reports of adverse metal reactions dramatically reduced their use. Failures are seen more often with high-wearing imp...

    Authors: Tomi Nousiainen, Sanna Palosaari, Sirpa Peräniemi, Arja Tervahauta, Jaakko Niinimäki, Juhana Leppilahti and Petri Lehenkari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:610

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) and its shorter version, the Six-Item Carpal Tunnel Symptoms Scale (CTS-6), are widely used for assessing function and/or symptoms in patients with carpal tunnel s...

    Authors: Juhani Multanen, Jari Ylinen, Teemu Karjalainen, Joona Ikonen, Arja Häkkinen and Jussi P. Repo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:609

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Patients with continuous multi-vertebral lumbar spine tuberculosis (CMLSTB) were subjected to single posterior debridement, interbody fusion, and fixation to explore their clinical outcomes.

    Authors: Weihong Long, Liqun Gong, Yaqing Cui, Jie Qi, Dapeng Duan and Weiwei Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:606

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The conventional pedicle-screw-based dynamic stabilization process involves dissection of the Wiltse plane to cannulate the pedicles, which cannot be undertaken with minimal surgical invasion. Despite some rep...

    Authors: Chih-Chang Chang, Chao-Hung Kuo, Hsuan-Kan Chang, Tsung-Hsi Tu, Li-Yu Fay, Jau-Ching Wu, Henrich Cheng and Wen-Cheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:605

    Content type: Research article

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  9. A recently published paper by te Molder and colleagues in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders confirmed prior reports indicating that definitions of good versus poor outcome cutoff scores for relevant knee arthropla...

    Authors: Daniel L. Riddle and Levent Dumenci

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:604

    Content type: Correspondence

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  10. Total hip and total knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) are increasing in incidence annually. While these procedures are effective in improving pain and function, there is a risk of complications.

    Authors: Sung Mu Heo, Ian Harris, Justine Naylor and Adriane M. Lewin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:602

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is the most common deformity of the lower extremity in children. The biomechanical change during closed reduction (CR) focused on cartilage contact pressure (CCP) has n...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Zhang, Dashan Sui, Haiyi Qin, Hai Li and Ziming Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:600

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Patients with persistent pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) complain of multiple symptoms that cannot be explained solely by structural changes. A poor correlation exists between structural and inflammatory chang...

    Authors: Yoshihisa Ohashi, Kensuke Fukushima, Gen Inoue, Kentaro Uchida, Tomohisa Koyama, Maho Tsuchiya, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Naonobu Takahira and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:595

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To compare the mechanical characteristics of a percutaneous superior pubic intramedullary screw, percutaneous bridging plate and percutaneous screw-rod system of the anterior ring for the treatment of unilater...

    Authors: Yong Zhao, Yupeng Ma, Dexin Zou, Xiujiang Sun, Gong Cheng, Wei Lian, Shengjie Dong, Yuchi Zhao, Wenqing Qu and Hao Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:594

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Symptomatic horizontal instability is clinically relevant following acute acromioclavicular joint dislocations. However, the intrinsic healing response is poorly understood. The present study sought to investi...

    Authors: Dirk Maier, Lars-Rene Tuecking, Anke Bernstein, Gernot Lang, Ferdinand Christian Wagner, Martin Jaeger, Peter Ogon, Norbert Paul Südkamp and Kaywan Izadpanah

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:593

    Content type: Research article

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  15. There have been several reports of instrumentation failure after three-column resections such as total en bloc spondylectomy (TES) for spinal tumors; however, clinical outcomes of revision surgery for instrume...

    Authors: Kazuya Shinmura, Satoshi Kato, Satoru Demura, Noriaki Yokogawa, Noritaka Yonezawa, Takaki Shimizu, Norihiro Oku, Ryo Kitagawa, Makoto Handa, Ryohei Annen, Hideki Murakami and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:591

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Distal Phalanx (DP) fractures are the most common hand injuries. Bone fixation associated with soft tissue reconstruction, is often required to ensure more effective outcomes. The aim of the present study is t...

    Authors: Letizia Senesi, Andrea Marchesini, Pier Paolo Pangrazi, Marialuisa De Francesco, Antonio Gigante, Michele Riccio and Francesco De Francesco

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:590

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Secondary osteonecrosis of the knee is a rare event. There are few reports regarding management of this condition. The aim of the present study is to report treatment outcomes for secondary osteonecrosis of th...

    Authors: Tao Yang, Huaming Xue, Tong Ma, Tao Wen, Long Xue, Mengyin Guan and Yihui Tu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:585

    Content type: Case report

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  18. The prepsoas lateral approach for spinal fusion, oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF), is considered one of the minimally invasive spinal fusion methods and is gaining popularity due to improved outc...

    Authors: Vit Kotheeranurak, Weerasak Singhatanadgige, Chindarat Ratanakornphan, Wicharn Yingsakmongkol, Richard A. Hynes and Worawat Limthongkul

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:583

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Acetabular reconstruction with bone impaction grafting in large defects has yielded conflicting results.

    Authors: Basilio De la Torre-Escuredo, Eva Gómez-García, Salvador Álvarez-Villar, Julia Bujan and Miguel A. Ortega

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:581

    Content type: Research article

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  20. This study aimed to compare the operative outcome of percutaneous repair (modified Bunnell suture technique) versus open repair (bundle-to-bundle suture technique) of acute Achilles tendon rupture.

    Authors: Xiaomeng Wang, Huixin Liu, Dengke Li, Zixuan Luo, Yansen Li and Fengqi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:580

    Content type: Research article

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  21. With the global determination to eliminate tuberculosis (TB), the treatment for end-stage TB of the knee joint is still a great clinical challenge. This study aims to retrospectively determine the clinical and...

    Authors: Jiachen Sun, Qiang Li, Feng Gao, Zhou Xiang, Qi Huang and Lang Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:579

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Reducing tourniquet inflation time is important because of the complications of tourniquet extensively used for the control of hemorrhage in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Bleeding management is critical to ac...

    Authors: Hongzhi Liu, Zhaohui Liu, Qidong Zhang and Wanshou Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:578

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Evaluate the effect of bacteria drug resistance profile on the success rates of debridement, antibiotics and implant retention.

    Authors: Bruno Alves Rudelli, Pedro Nogueira Giglio, Vladimir Cordeiro de Carvalho, José Ricardo Pécora, Henrique Melo Campos Gurgel, Ricardo Gomes Gobbi, José Riccardo Negreiros Vicente, Ana Lucia Lei Munhoz Lima and Camilo Partezani Helito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:574

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Failed treatment of intertrochanteric (IT) femoral fractures leads to remarkable disability and pain, and revision surgery is frequently accompanied by higher complication and reoperation rates than primary in...

    Authors: Pei Liu, Dongxu Jin, Changqing Zhang and Youshui Gao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:573

    Content type: Review

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  25. Different fixation methods have been used to treat posterior malleolar fractures (PMFs), but the clinical efficacy of different fixation methods in the treatment of PMF with different fragmentation has rarely ...

    Authors: Zheng Wang, Jianbin Sun, Jun Yan, Pengcheng Gao, Hao Zhang, Yong Yang and Qunhua Jin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:570

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Various studies have described the efficacy and safety of the treatment for unstable thoracolumbar osteoporotic burst fracture, however, there is still no consensus on the optimal treatment regimen. The aim of...

    Authors: Xudong Hu, Weihu Ma, Jianming Chen, Yang Wang and Weiyu Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:566

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Tourniquet use is associated with complications such as thigh pain, skin problems, and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This prospective study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the pneumatic tourniquet s...

    Authors: Jae-Young Park, Sung Eun Kim, Myung Chul Lee and Hyuk-Soo Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:565

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To systematically review the association between knee abduction kinematics and kinetics during weight-bearing activities at baseline and the risk of future anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.

    Authors: Anna Cronström, Mark W. Creaby and Eva Ageberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:563

    Content type: Research article

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  29. There is no consensus on the optimal treatment for displaced midshaft clavicle fractures. Several studies indicate superior patient satisfaction in favour of operative reconstruction. It is unknown what drives...

    Authors: Eric D. Tutuhatunewa, Martin Stevens, Olivier C. Dams, Jeffrey van Son, Rebecca D. Louhanepessy, Paul F. M. Krabbe, Maarten J. Postma and Ron L. Diercks

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:560

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Microfracture is a surgical technique that involves creating multiple holes of 3–4 mm depth in the subchondral bone to recruit stem cells in the bone marrow to the lesion, inducing fibrocartilage repair and kn...

    Authors: Xiang Yun Yin, Do Young Park, Young Jick Kim, Hye Jung Ahn, Seung-Hyun Yoo and Byoung-Hyun Min

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:557

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Congenital kyphoscoliosis is a disease that often requires surgical treatment. Wedge osteotomies, such as pedicle subtraction osteotomy, are insufficient to correct this complicated rigid deformity. Vertebral ...

    Authors: Fanqi Hu, Wenhao Hu, Xiaoqing Yang, Chunguo Wang, Kai Song, Guoquan Zheng and Xuesong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:555

    Content type: Research article

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  32. A glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) of the shoulder, is associated with an increased risk of shoulder injuries in tennis athletes. The aim of the present study was to reveal the impact of 1) age, s...

    Authors: Kristin Kalo, Lutz Vogt, Johanna Sieland, Winfried Banzer and Daniel Niederer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:553

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Few studies compared the length change of ligaments of normal knees during dynamic activities of daily living. The aim of this study was to investigate in vivo length change of ligaments of the normal knees du...

    Authors: Kenichi Kono, Shoji Konda, Takaharu Yamazaki, Sakae Tanaka, Kazuomi Sugamoto and Tetsuya Tomita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:552

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Due to its abnormal morphology and ultrastructure, discoid lateral meniscus (DLM) is prone to tear and degeneration, leading to clinical symptoms. Arthroscopy is the main treatment for symptomatic DLM; however...

    Authors: Shun-Jie Yang, Zhong-Jun Ding, Jian Li, Yang Xue and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:551

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To compare intra-articular (IA) knee injections of a cross-linked high-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid (HMW-HA) with a linear low-molecular weight HA (LMW-HA) in terms of pain and functional improvement among...

    Authors: Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Mohsen Cheraghi, Shahram Rahimi-Dehgolan and Adel Ebrahimpour

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:550

    Content type: Research article

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  36. One advantage of an endoscopic approach to treating lumbar spinal stenosis is preservation of spine stability and the adjacent anatomy, and there is a decrease in adjacent segment disc degeneration. The purpos...

    Authors: Peigen Xie, Feng Feng, Zihao Chen, Lei He, Bu Yang, Ruiqiang Chen, Wenbin Wu, Bin Liu, Jianwen Dong, Tao Shu, Liangming Zhang, Chien-Min Chen and Limin Rong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:546

    Content type: Research article

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  37. C1-ring osteosynthesis is a valid alternative to posterior C1–C2 or C0–C2 fusion to preserve important C1–C2 motion in the treatment of unstable atlas fractures. Nevertheless, the fixation instruments used in ...

    Authors: Xiaobao Zou, Beiping Ouyang, Binbin Wang, Haozhi Yang, Su Ge, Yuyue Chen, Ling Ni, Shuang Zhang, Hong Xia, Zenghui Wu and Xiangyang Ma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:538

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The nature of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries and the scarcity of data on this issue have made reports on clinical and epidemiological features of PCL injuries valuable. We aimed to report our exper...

    Authors: Mohammad Razi, Saman Ghaffari, Alireza Askari, Peyman Arasteh, Elaheh Ziaei Ziabari and Haleh Dadgostar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:526

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Ti-Ni shape-memory patella concentrator (TNSMPC) has been designed as an alternative approach for fixation of patella fracture, which has some advantages like higher hardness, higher tenacity, better wearing r...

    Authors: Chen Yao, Jie Sun, Jiancheng Wu, Zhenyu Zhou, Fan Liu, Ran Tao and Yafeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:506

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The decision regarding which trans syndesmotic ankle fractures to treat surgically and which to treat non-surgically is a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of ankle fract...

    Authors: Emilia Möller Rydberg, Tina Zorko, Mikael Sundfeldt, Michael Möller and David Wennergren

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:521

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To assess the relationship between mechanical wear and the failure of the internal lengthening mechanism in retrieved MAGnetic Expansion Control (MAGEC) growing rods.

    Authors: Jack Z. Wei, Harry S. Hothi, Holly Morganti, Sean Bergiers, Elisabetta Dal Gal, Doris Likcani, Johann Henckel and Alister J. Hart

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:519

    Content type: Research article

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  42. A method that can accurately predict the outcome of surgery can give patients timely feedback. In addition, to some extent, an objective evaluation method can help the surgeon quickly summarize the patient’s s...

    Authors: Ziming Chen, Zhantao Deng, Qingtian Li, Junfeng Chen, Yuanchen Ma and Qiujian Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:518

    Content type: Research article

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  43. One of the most significant complications after a femoral neck fracture is osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The concomitant use of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with computed tomo...

    Authors: Jae Youn Yoon, Soong Joon Lee, Kang Sup Yoon and Pil Whan Yoon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:517

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. The impact of handedness on clinical outcomes was easily overlooked in hip replacement. This study aimed to find whether the component positioning and hip function were affected by the handedness in total hip ...

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Renwen Guo, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang and Wei Chai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:516

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Vertebroplasty with posterior spinal fusion (VP + PSF) is one of the most widely accepted surgical techniques for treating osteoporotic vertebral collapse (OVC). Nevertheless, the effect of the extent of fusio...

    Authors: Yuya Ishikawa, Kei Watanabe, Keiichi Katsumi, Masayuki Ohashi, Yohei Shibuya, Tomohiro Izumi, Toru Hirano, Naoto Endo, Takashi Kaito, Tomoya Yamashita, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Yukitaka Nagamoto, Yuji Matsuoka, Hidekazu Suzuki, Hirosuke Nishimura, Hidetomi Terai…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:513

    Content type: Research article

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  46. To demonstrate the correlation between guide pin-shaft angle (PSA) at the anteroposterior film and anteversion angle of guide pin at the lateral film and investigate whether excellent tip–apex distance (TAD) c...

    Authors: Zhe Wang, Yadong Liu, Shenglong Li, Xiuhui Wang, Changjian Liu and Xin Tang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:512

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Our preliminary RNA-Seq data revealed altered expression of small nucleolar RNA host gene 9 (SNHG9) in osteoarthritis (OA) and its reverse correlation with miR-34a, which can regulate chondrocyte apoptosis in ...

    Authors: Hongfei Zhang, Jinglian Li, Weiguang Shao and Naipeng Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:511

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Articular surface damage commonly associated with rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Large osteochondral defect, which consists of a severe depression fracture and a large cartilage defect, need ...

    Authors: Takuma Kaibara, Eiji Kondo, Masatake Matsuoka, Koji Iwasaki, Tomohiro Onodera, Daisuke Momma, Naoki Seito, Susumu Mikami and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:494

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  49. Most patients suffering from distal femoral unicameral bone cysts (UBCs) are adolescents that require an early return to normal activities, including school attendance and sports exercises. However, the optima...

    Authors: Jin Li, Saroj Rai, Renhao Ze, Xin Tang, Ruikang Liu and Pan Hong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:503

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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