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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. congenital posteromedial bowing of tibia (CPMBT) is a very rare birth defect, characterized by shortened bowed leg and ankle deformity. We described a single institution experience in the management of CPMBT.

    Authors: Giovanni Luigi Di Gennaro, Giovanni Gallone, Edgar Alejandro Martinez Vazquez, Leonardo Marchesini Reggiani, Costantina Racano, Eleonora Olivotto, Stefano Stilli and Giovanni Trisolino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:430

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common form of spinal deformity in children and adolescents which presents as complex three-dimensional (3D) deformity of the spine and rib cage. This study ai...

    Authors: Long Chen, Zeyu Sun, Jingming He, Yunwen Xu, Zhuhai Li, Qian Zou and Bo Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:427

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Articular cartilage has a high-weight-bearing area and a low-weight-bearing area, the macroscopic elastic moduli of the two regions are different. Chondrocytes are affected by the applied force at the microsco...

    Authors: Jiang-Bo Guo, Ting Liang, Yan-Jun Che, Hui-Lin Yang and Zong-Ping Luo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:425

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The role of altered joint mechanics on cartilage degeneration in in vivo models has not been studied successfully due to a lack of pre-injury information. We aimed 1) to develop an accurate in vivo canine mode...

    Authors: Dokwan Lee, Ki-Taek Hong, Tae Seong Lim, Eugene Lee, Ye Hyun Lee, Ji Soon Park, Woo Kim, Joo Han Oh, Jung-Ah Choi and Yongnam Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:424

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and complications between laminectomy and fusion (LF) and laminoplasty (LP) for multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) with increased signal intens...

    Authors: Xin He, Jia Nan Zhang, Tuan Jiang Liu and Ding Jun Hao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:423

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although double-plate fixation (DP), i.e., fixation with a combination of a main lateral plate (LP) and a support medial plate (MP), is a relatively mature method for treating femoral shaft non-union with bone...

    Authors: Jian Lu, Qi-Yang Wang, Jia-Gen Sheng, Shang-Chun Guo and Shi-Cong Tao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:421

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Deformity assessment and preoperative planning of realignment surgery are conventionally based on weight-bearing (WB) radiographs. However, newer technologies such as three-dimensional (3D) preoperative planni...

    Authors: Lukas Jud, Tabitha Roth, Philipp Fürnstahl, Lazaros Vlachopoulos, Reto Sutter and Sandro F. Fucentese

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:418

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a commonly used health outcome. For many acute conditions (e.g. fractures), retrospective measurement of HRQoL is necessary to establish pre-morbid health status. Howe...

    Authors: Andrew Lawson, Aidan C. Tan, Justine Naylor and Ian A. Harris

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:415

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Plate fixation is frequently used to treat displaced midshaft clavicular fractures, however the ideal plate choice remains subject to discussion; reconstruction locking compression plates (RLCPs) are cheaper a...

    Authors: Christian X. Fang, Ruiping Liu, Dennis K. H. Yee, Jackie Chau, Tak-Wing Lau, Rebecca Chan, Siu-Bon Woo, Tak-Man Wong, Evan Fang and Frankie Leung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:413

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Both cylindrical and tapered stems are commonly used in revision total hip arthroplasty. However, whether the geometry of prosthesis stem has an effect on patient prognosis is unclear. We assume that the taper...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Ye Zhang, Jian-Ning Sun, Zi-Jian Hua, Xiang-Yang Chen and Shuo Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:411

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Whether using the scalpel can provide better and faster recovery after the primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is still controversial. The aim of this research was to compare the clinical outcomes of using t...

    Authors: Wei Lin, Yike Dai, Jinghui Niu, Guangmin Yang, Ming Li and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:409

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Fixing a tibial eminence fracture with a tri-pulley is a new technique. The purpose of this study was to present the early clinical outcome of arthroscopic tri-pulley suture fixation for tibial eminence fractu...

    Authors: Liang Zhang, Li Zhang, Jiang Zheng, Bo Ren, Xin Kang, Xian Zhang and Xiaoqian Dang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:408

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Traditional methods for minimally invasive internal fixation (MIIF) of calcaneal fractures require extensive intraoperative fluoroscopy, and fracture recovery is usually not ideal. We developed a new surgical ...

    Authors: Chenggong Wang, Can Xu, Mingqing Li, Hui Li, Han Xiao, Da Zhong and Hua Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:407

    Content type: Research article

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  14. With the rapid aging of the population, the incidence of proximal humeral fracture (PHF) has increased. However, the optimal method for open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) remains controversial.

    Authors: Ji-Qi Wang, Chui-cong Lin, You-Ming Zhao, Bing-Jie Jiang and Xiao-Jing Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:406

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Studies have shown that the spherical shape of the lateral femoral condyle has a clear relationship with the relative axial movement of tibiofemoral joint and the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. The ...

    Authors: Ruibo Li, Xingyue Yuan, Zhi Fang, Yuehong Liu, Xi Chen and Jianjun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:402

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective treatment for end-stage osteoarthritis. Patient reported-outcome measures (PROMs) capture the patients’ perception of the success of an intervention. The minimal i...

    Authors: N. Holtz, D. F. Hamilton, J. M. Giesinger, B. Jost and K. Giesinger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:401

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Playing tennis is associated with various movements that can lead to labral injuries and may require arthroscopic surgery. While hip arthroscopies have demonstrated good outcomes in athletes, there is limited ...

    Authors: David R. Maldonado, Mitchell J. Yelton, Philip J. Rosinsky, Jacob Shapira, Mitchell B. Meghpara, Ajay C. Lall and Benjamin G. Domb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:400

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Cervical Pedicle Screw (CPS) placement is a challenging work due to the high risk of neurovascular complications. Although there have been several different free-hand or navigation assisted techniques for CPS ...

    Authors: Bin Liu, Xiangyang Liu, Xiongjie Shen, Guoping Wang and Yixin Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:399

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Retrospective studies have found that daily opioid use pre-arthroplasty predicts worse longer-term service, clinical and patient-reported outcomes. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these observations....

    Authors: Justine M. Naylor, Natalie Pavlovic, Melissa Farrugia, Shaniya Ogul, Danella Hackett, Anthony Wan, Sam Adie, Bernadette Brady, Leeanne Gray, Rachael Wright, Michelle Nazar and Wei Xuan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:398

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although shoulder arthroplasty is less common than knee or hip arthroplasty, the number of procedures being performed is increasing rapidly. The treatment effect is a simple method to measure outcome of joint ...

    Authors: Joerg Huber, Ulrich Irlenbusch, Max J. Kääb, Falk Reuther, Georges Kohut and Andy Judge

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:397

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In Parkinson’s disease (PD) population, performing secondary tasks while walking further deteriorates gait and restrict mobility in functional contexts of daily life. This study (1) analyzed the interference o...

    Authors: Constanza San Martín Valenzuela, Lirios Dueñas Moscardó, Juan López-Pascual, Pilar Serra-Añó and José M. Tomás

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:396

    Content type: Research article

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  22. An alternative to the current gold standard in operative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures (DMCF) using plate osteosynthesis, is internal fixation by means of intramedullary fixation devices. ...

    Authors: Paul Hoogervorst, Tess van Dam, Nico Verdonschot and Gerjon Hannink

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:395

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of positive microbiology samples after osteosynthesis of proximal humerus fractures at the time of revision surgery and evaluate clinical characteristics...

    Authors: Doruk Akgün, Paulina-Maria Peters, Nina Maziak, Fabian Plachel, Marvin Minkus and Philipp Moroder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:393

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Butterfly vertebrae are a rare congenital vertebral anomaly. An overlap of this spinal anomaly with other diseases has been reported. However, to the authors’ knowledge, the coexistence of butterfly vertebrae ...

    Authors: Ai-Bing Huang, Meng Bai, Huan Liu, Zhi-Yong Zhou and Jia-Xu Wei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:392

    Content type: Case report

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  25. The importance of sagittal alignment in healthy individuals and in reconstructive spinal surgery has been studied over the last 15 years. The aim of the present study was to assess the long-term effects of abn...

    Authors: Mahmoud Elshamly, Reinhard Windhager, Stefan Toegel and Josef Georg Grohs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:387

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Osteoarthritis is a major cause of pain and disability worldwide, therefore ways of treating this condition are paramount to a successful health system. The purpose of the study was to investigate the changes ...

    Authors: Christopher Miles and Andrew Greene

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:386

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Fenestration discectomy, for symptomatic lumbar disc herniation, is the most common surgical procedure in spine surgery. It can be done by open or microscopic procedures. This study compared the results of fen...

    Authors: Sherwan A. Hamawandi, Injam Ibrahim Sulaiman and Ameer Kadhim Al-Humairi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:384

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Intraoperative acetabular fracture(IAF) is a rare complication of primary total hip arthroplasty(THA). The previous reports have lacked a sufficiently large number of subjects to allow for an analysis of the c...

    Authors: Juncheng Li, Quanbo Ji, Ming Ni, Qingyuan Zheng, Jingyang Sun and Guoqiang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:383

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Most of the previous studies about the surgical treatment of dropped head syndrome (DHS) are small case series, and their primary outcome measures were cervical alignment parameters. Therefore, little is known...

    Authors: Yoshifumi Kudo, Tomoaki Toyone, Kenji Endo, Yuji Matsuoka, Ichiro Okano, Koji Ishikawa, Akira Matsuoka, Hiroshi Maruyama, Ryo Yamamura, Haruka Emori, Soji Tani, Toshiyuki Shirahata, Chikara Hayakawa, Yushi Hoshino, Tomoyuki Ozawa, Hidekazu Suzuki…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:382

    Content type: Research article

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  30. An autologous bone-cage made from the spinous process and laminae might provide a stability in posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) close that of the traditional-cage made of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) or...

    Authors: Haodong Zhu, Weibin Zhong, Ping Zhang, Xiaoming Liu, Junming Huang, Fatai Liu and Jian Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:379

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Proximal femoral fractures are a major socioeconomic burden and they occur mainly in geriatric patients. High mortality and complication rates are reported. To reduce the mortality and morbidity of these patie...

    Authors: Maic Werner, Olaf Krause, Christian Macke, Lambert Herold, Alexander Ranker, Christian Krettek and Emmanouil Liodakis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:371

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Surgical treatment has been recommended by most surgeons to treat pseudarthrosis in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). However, there is still some debate on the necessity of anterior fusion. There is very limited l...

    Authors: Jianqiang Kou, Jianwei Guo, Xiangli Ji, Xiaojie Tang, Xiangyun Liu, Yuanliang Sun, Xiujun Zheng and Yingzhen Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:370

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Predictors of bone deterioration after hip fracture have not been well characterized. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of physical function and lean body mass (LBM) with loss of bone densi...

    Authors: Tuuli H. Suominen, Johanna Edgren, Anu Salpakoski, Mauri Kallinen, Tomas Cervinka, Timo Rantalainen, Timo Törmäkangas, Ari Heinonen and Sarianna Sipilä

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:367

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Conservative treatment remains the preferred choice for distal radius fracture in children. However, loss of reduction is problematic, especially in an older child. Crossed Kirschner-wires is widely used to tr...

    Authors: Jin Li, Saroj Rai, Xin Tang, Renhao Ze, Ruikang Liu and Pan Hong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:365

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The incidence of patient dissatisfaction due to anterior knee pain (AKP) and patellar crepitus after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains a concern. However, it has been shown that improvements in the femoral...

    Authors: Yi-Fan Huang, Yu-Hang Gao, Lu Ding, Bo Liu, Jian-Guo Liu and Xin Qi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:364

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Safe and effective non-surgical treatments are an important part of the knee osteoarthritis (OA) treatment algorithm. Cooled radiofrequency ablation (CRFA) and hyaluronic acid (HA) injections are two commonly ...

    Authors: Antonia F. Chen, Fred Khalouf, Keith Zora, Michael DePalma, Lynn Kohan, Maged Guirguis, Douglas Beall, Eric Loudermilk, Matthew J. Pingree, Ignacio Badiola and Jeffrey Lyman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:363

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Large, displaced anterior glenoid rim fractures after primary traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation are usually managed by surgical stabilization. Although there is little evidence supporting surgical manage...

    Authors: Lukas Ernstbrunner, Malik Jessen and Karl Wieser

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:361

    Content type: Case report

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  38. While numerous clinical studies have compared the surgical and non-surgical treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture (ATR), there are no studies that have performed a non-inferiority analysis between treatme...

    Authors: Olof Westin, Tony Sjögren, Simon Svedman, Alexandra Horvath, Eric Hamrin Senorski, Kristian Samuelsson and Paul Ackermann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:358

    Content type: Research article

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  39. There are no previous reports on the complications around the femoral component of cementless Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). However, we experienced two cases of femoral migration to the prox...

    Authors: Hiroshi Inui, Shuji Taketomi, Ryota Yamagami, Kohei Kawaguchi and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:356

    Content type: Case report

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  40. The treatment of large bone defects in lower limbs is a serious challenge for orthopedic surgeons and patients. The bone transport technique using the Ilizarov method has become the main treatment option for t...

    Authors: Yanshi Liu, Maimaiaili Yushan, Zhenhui Liu, Jialin Liu, Chuang Ma and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:354

    Content type: Research article

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  41. A great heterogeneity in total joint replacement (TJR) rates has been reported for osteoarthritis (OA), most likely arising from a gap between patients’ and physicians’ views on the need for TJR. The purpose o...

    Authors: Anne Postler, Jens Goronzy, Klaus-Peter Günther, Toni Lange, Imke Redeker, Jochen Schmitt, Angela Zink and Johanna Callhoff

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:352

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Ankle dislocation without fracture is an extremely rare injury because it is usually accompanied by concomitant malleolar fractures from the anatomical and mechanical viewpoints.

    Authors: Ryosuke Kawai, Itaru Kawashima, Makoto Tsukada, Takashi Tsukahara and Hideyuki Aoshiba

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:351

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Prospective studies investigating risk factors for low back pain (LBP) in youth athletes are limited. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the association between hip-pelvic kinematics and vert...

    Authors: M. K. Rossi, K. Pasanen, A. Heinonen, S. Äyrämö, A. M. Räisänen, M. Leppänen, G. Myklebust, T. Vasankari, P. Kannus and J. Parkkari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:350

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Foot problems are highly prevalent in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Treatment of foot problems related to rheumatoid arthritis often consists of custom made foot orthoses. One of the assumed working mech...

    Authors: Marloes Tenten-Diepenmaat, Joost Dekker, Jos W. R. Twisk, Elleke Huijbrechts, Leo D. Roorda and Marike van der Leeden

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:348

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Hypoparathyroidism is characterized by low or inappropriately normal levels of parathyroid hormone leading to hypocalcemia. In this report, a case of recurrent fifth metatarsal stress fractures in a profession...

    Authors: Itaru Kawashima, Atsushi Yamaga, Ryosuke Kawai, Yushi Hoshino and Shinya Ishizuka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:347

    Content type: Case report

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  46. A few previous studies have investigated patient satisfaction after total hip arthroplasty (THA) according to the degree of pelvic deformity. This study compared patient-reported outcomes after primary THA for...

    Authors: Ken Ueoka, Tamon Kabata, Yoshitomo Kajino, Daisuke Inoue, Takaaki Ohmori, Takuro Ueno, Junya Yoshitani, Yuki Yamamuro and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:344

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Extensor apparatus rupture is a severe complication after knee arthroplasty, but there have not been many reports on how to perform knee arthroplasty after chronic patellar ligament rupture. We reported a case...

    Authors: Xuejun Zhang, Yun Li, Jianfeng Chen, Chao Yan, Xiaoyi Tan and Huafang Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:342

    Content type: Case report

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  48. A femoral bone tunnel in ACL reconstruction can be constructed from the outside in or from the inside out. When doing it inside out, the approach can be via the anteromedial (AM) portal or through the tibial b...

    Authors: Leena Metso, Kirsi-Maaria Nyrhinen, Ville Bister, Jerker Sandelin and Arsi Harilainen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:341

    Content type: Research article

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