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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

Page 1 of 26

  1. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the three dimensional (3D) femoral head displacement in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and Crowe classification.

    Authors: Rongshan Cheng, Henghui Zhang, Willem Alexander Kernkamp, Jingmao Zheng, Kerong Dai, Yifei Yao, Liao Wang and Tsung-Yuan Tsai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:530

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Fractures of the humeral shaft represent 2–4% of all fractures. Fractures of the humerus have traditionally been approached posteriorly for open reduction and internal fixation. Reports of treating midshaft fr...

    Authors: Sebastian Lotzien, Clemens Hoberg, Valentin Rausch, Thomas Rosteius, Thomas Armin Schildhauer and Jan Gessmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:527

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Gait kinematics after total hip replacement only partly explain the differences in the joint moments in the frontal plane between hip osteoarthritis patients after hip replacement and healthy controls. The goa...

    Authors: Stefan van Drongelen, Hanna Kaldowski, Timur Tarhan, Ayman Assi, Andrea Meurer and Felix Stief

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:526

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The surgical approaches to thoracolumbar junction (T12-L1) tuberculosis were controversial. We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of three different procedures through a multicentre retrospective study.

    Authors: Yanping Zeng, Peng Cheng, Jiulin Tan, Zhilin Li, Yuan Chen, Li Tao Li, Yonghong Zheng, Gaoju Wang, Jianzhong Xu and Zehua Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:524

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Simple tenotomy and anchor tenodesis are commonly used in treatment of long biceps tendon (LHB) pathologies. The tenotomy can result in biceps distalization or cosmetic deformities. A novel loop Tenodesis Tech...

    Authors: Maximilian Kerschbaum, Andreas Voss, Christian Pfeifer, Isabella Weiss, Agnes Mayr, Volker Alt, Stefan Greiner and Stephan Grechenig

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:522

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The killer turn has been documented as the primary drawback of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. Fanelli advocated placing the tibial tunnel outlet in the inferior lateral part of the PCL fovea...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Wang, Yan Xiong, Qi Li, Gang Chen, Zhong Zhang, Xin Tang and Jian Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:521

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Severe acetabular bone defects is a complex problem in revision hip arthroplasty, cage is one of the reconstruction options. The purpose of this study is to report the mid-long term clinical and radiographic r...

    Authors: Qiang Xiao, Haoyang Wang, Kai Zhou, Duan Wang, Tingxian Ling, Fuxing Pei and Zongke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:517

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Limb length discrepancy (LLD) is one of the main cause of dissatisfaction after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The teardrop-lesser trochanter method can accurately predict and analyze LLD for healthy people. Ho...

    Authors: Renwen Guo, Jerry Yongqiang Chen, Guoqiang Zhang, Yonggang Zhou, Jiying Chen and Wei Chai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:513

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Proximal humeral fractures (PHFs) are the third most commonly occurring fractures in elderly patients. Most of these fractures can be treated with conservative methods, but the optimal surgical treatment strat...

    Authors: Xueliang Cui, Hui Chen, Binbin Ma, Wenbin Fan and He Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:511

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Hallux valgus(HV) with an increased distal metatarsal articular angle (DMAA) is one of the most common foot deformities among adults. Double metatarsal osteotomy (DMO) is effective in treating severe HV deform...

    Authors: Xinwen Wang, Qian Wen, Yi Li, Cheng Liu, Kai Zhao, Hongmou Zhao and Xiaojun Liang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:508

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To compare the clinical outcomes between the use of a distal clavicular locking plate alone and the combined use of a plate and a coracoclavicular suture anchor in the treatment of Neer IIb distal clavicle fra...

    Authors: Hua Xu, Wen Jun Chen, Xiao Cheng Zhi and Shi Chang Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:503

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Ankle syndesmosis injuries are common and range in severity from subclinical to grossly unstable. Definitive diagnosis of these injuries can be made with plain film radiographs, but are often missed when sever...

    Authors: Cara L. Fisher, Tebyan Rabbani, Katelyn Johnson, Rustin Reeves and Addison Wood

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:502

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The treatment for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly has always been a controversial issue. The aim in this study was to compare the curative effects of proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PF...

    Authors: Shenghu Zhou, Jun Liu, Ping Zhen, Weiwei Shen, Yanfeng Chang, Haoqiang Zhang, Qingsheng Zhu and Xusheng Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:500

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Recently, various studies have reported the importance of distinguishing between balanced and unbalanced SL, sustaining the importance of SL reduction in unbalanced cases. In this study we present our experien...

    Authors: Konstantinos Martikos, Tiziana Greggi and Cesare Faldini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:499

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Advanced practice physiotherapists (APP) have helped improve accessibility to orthopaedic outpatient care. Several studies have validated the APP practice model in orthopaedic care, demonstrating high agreemen...

    Authors: David Yin, François Cabana, Yannick Tousignant-Laflamme, Sonia Bédard and Michel Tousignant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:498

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The optimal anchor density in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery to achieve good curve correction remains unclear. The purpose of the study is to analyze the correlations between three-dimensional c...

    Authors: Yu-Cheng Yeh, Chi-Chien Niu, Lih-Huei Chen, Wen-Jer Chen and Po-Liang Lai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:497

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Several risk factors for adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) have been identified in literature. To this date, little attention has been paid to the lateral ligament complex and its influence on AAFD, alt...

    Authors: Stephan H. Wirth, Arnd F. Viehöfer, Sarvpreet Singh, Stefan M. Zimmermann, Tobias Götschi, Dominic Rigling and Lukas Jud

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Return to sport (RTS) criteria are widely being used to identify anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed (ACLR) athletes ready to return to sportive activity and reduce risk of ACL re-injury. However, studies...

    Authors: Sadegh Norouzi, Fateme Esfandiarpour, Sina Mehdizadeh, Nasim Kiani Yousefzadeh and Mohamad Parnianpour

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:492

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The Eclipse® (Eclipse® is a trademark of Arthrex, Naples, Florida) stemless shoulder prosthesis offers the surgeon the advantage of bone stock preservation and at the same time avoids the drawbacks of a resurf...

    Authors: Mohamed Moursy, Milan Niks, Aditya S. Kadavkolan and Lars J. Lehmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:490

    Content type: Research article

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  20. To perform medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO), surgeons expose the medial-proximal tibia by releasing or cutting the superficial layer of the medial collateral ligament (sMCL). Biomechanically, th...

    Authors: Dai Sato, Eiji Kondo, Koji Yabuuchi, Jun Onodera, Tomohiro Onodera, Tomonori Yagi, Keita Sakamoto, Akira Takasawa, Norimasa Iwasaki and Kazunori Yasuda

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:481

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To assess the efficacy and safety of intravenous and subsequent long-term oral tranexamic acid (TXA) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without a tourniquet.

    Authors: Hao-Yang Wang, Liu Wang, Ze-Yu Luo, Duan Wang, Xin Tang, Zong-Ke Zhou and Fu-Xing Pei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:478

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Repair of full-thickness rotator cuff (RC) tears is routinely performed using suture anchors, which produce secure and effective soft tissue fixation to bone. The aim of this prospective study is to compare th...

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Stefano Petrillo, Mattia Loppini, Vincenzo Candela, Giacomo Rizzello, Nicola Maffulli and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:477

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Research indicates reduced knee function and stability decades after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Assessment requires reliable functional tests that discriminate such outcomes from asymptomatic kne...

    Authors: Andrew Strong, Eva Tengman, Divya Srinivasan and Charlotte K. Häger

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:476

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Computer Assisted Surgery (CAS) has proven to improve the accuracy in several orthopedic procedures. Therefore we used this technique to evaluate femoral component positioning in Hip Resurfacing Arthroplasty (...

    Authors: M. C. Koper, M. Reijman, E. M. van Es, J. H. Waarsing, H. W. J. Koot, S. B. Keizer, I. Jansen, F. C. van Biezen, J. A. N. Verhaar and P. K. Bos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:473

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Although microendoscopic partial laminectomy for patients with degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) has been reported and demonstrated good results, a detailed comparison of its mid-term surgical results wit...

    Authors: Yasushi Oshima, So Kato, Toru Doi, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Yuki Taniguchi and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:471

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Literature indicates that adjacent-segment diseases after posterior lumbar interbody fusion with pedicle screw fixation accelerate degenerative changes at unfused adjacent segments due to the increased motion ...

    Authors: Fon-Yih Tsuang, Jui-Chang Tsai and Dar-Ming Lai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:470

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a challenging complication of total elbow replacement (TER). Potential surgical treatments include one- or two-stage revision; however, the best treatment for elbow PJI is n...

    Authors: Setor K. Kunutsor, Andrew D. Beswick, Michael R. Whitehouse and Ashley W. Blom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:467

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Pelvic ring fractures associated with vaginal injuries were rarely reported due to low incidence. The displaced segments of pelvic ring may increase the risk of vaginal injury. The aim of this retrospective st...

    Authors: Pengyu Li, Dongsheng Zhou, Baisheng Fu, Wenhao Song and Jinlei Dong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:466

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Midshaft clavicular fractures are common fractures and generally treated conservatively. Among the surgical options, plate fixation is the most popular and has been biomechanically and clinically proven in num...

    Authors: Nachapan Pengrung, Natthaphop Lakdee, Chedtha Puncreobutr, Boonrat Lohwongwatana and Paphon Sa-ngasoongsong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:465

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Intra-articular tranexamic acid (TXA) as an adjunct to intravenous TXA was reported to decrease perioperative blood loss during unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there have been no randomized ...

    Authors: Sachiyuki Tsukada, Kenji Kurosaka, Masahiro Nishino, Tetsuyuki Maeda, Yoshiharu Yonekawa and Naoyuki Hirasawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:464

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Trunk muscle dysfunction is often regarded as a key feature of non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) despite being poorly understood and variable with increases, decreases and no change in muscle activit...

    Authors: Rebecca Hemming, Liba Sheeran, Robert van Deursen and Valerie Sparkes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:459

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Scarf osteotomy (SO) was broadly applied in moderate to severe hallux valgus (MSHV), and the results were satisfactory. However, due to the complicated pathologic changes in hallux valgus, the ideal surgical t...

    Authors: Yuan Xiong, Bo Shen, Cheng Hao, Kai Xiao, Junwen Wang and Zhenhua Fang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:455

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The topic that whether the injured deltoid ligament should be repaired when associated with ankle joint fractures is still discussed. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical effect of open redu...

    Authors: Bohua Li, Shanxi Wang, Zhengdong Zhang, Hai Yang, Jun Li, Qin Li and Lei Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:453

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Hallux valgus deformity (HV) affects around every fourth individual, and surgical treatment is performed in every thousandth person. There is an ongoing quest for the best surgical management and reduction of ...

    Authors: Stephan H. Wirth, Niklas Renner, Richard Niehaus, Jan Farei-Campagna, Marcel Deggeller, Fabrice Scheurer, Katie Palmer and Thorsten Jentzsch

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a progressive disease that leads to collapse and the development of secondary arthritis. The preferred management of ONFH remains controversial. Arthroscopic-assiste...

    Authors: Mark R. Nazal, Ali Parsa and Scott D. Martin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:448

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Abscess formation in the subscapularis muscle is a rare clinical condition. Few reports are available regarding the treatment methods and surgical approaches for subscapularis intramuscular abscesses. Here, we...

    Authors: Ryogo Furuhata, Doji Inoue, Yasuhiro Kiyota, Hideo Morioka and Hiroshi Arino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:445

    Content type: Case report

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  37. The development of total knee replacement (TKR) implant designs aims to improve outcome regarding pain, function, joint stiffness, instability, patellar problems, and ultimately wear of the implant. Recently, ...

    Authors: T. Irmola, J. Kangas, A. Eskelinen, M. Niemeläinen, H. Huhtala, V. M. Mattila and T. Moilanen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:443

    Content type: Study protocol

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  38. Insoles are often applied as preventive therapy of flatfoot deformity, but the therapeutic effects on obese individuals are still controversial. We aimed to investigate the effect of insole use on time-depende...

    Authors: Yuki Saito, Takako S. Chikenji, Yuichi Takata, Tomoaki Kamiya and Eiichi Uchiyama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:442

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block (CPSNB) has been performed in outpatient foot and ankle surgery as a regional anesthesia method to relieve postoperative pain. Its efficacy as well as safety is yet to ...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:441

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Several methods have been reported to correct deformity and shortening of the distal radius. However, the results are not entirely satisfactory. The results of bifocal osteosynthesis were retrospectively analy...

    Authors: Junjie Guan, Hongjiang Ruan, Jimin Yin, Yimin Chai and Qinglin Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:440

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is often performed for the treatment of degenerative cervical spine. While this procedure is highly successful, 0.1–1.6% of early and late postoperative infection...

    Authors: Ying-Chun Chen, Lin Zhang, Er-Nan Li, Li-Xiang Ding, Gen-Ai Zhang, Yu Hou and Wei Yuan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:437

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Maintenance of optimal knee joint line orientation (KJLO) is important after high tibial osteotomy (HTO). No tools, however, are currently available that could predict the value of postoperative KJLO before su...

    Authors: Jae-Young Park, Chong Bum Chang, Dong-Wan Kang, Sohee Oh, Seung-Baik Kang and Myung Chul Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:434

    Content type: Research article

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  43. ASD is a relatively common degenerative alteration after cervical surgery which occurs above or below the fused segment. In addition, some patients may need reoperation to treat severe ASD after the primary su...

    Authors: Yijian Zhang, Yijie Shao, Hao Liu, Junxin Zhang, Fan He, Angela Chen, Huilin Yang and Bin Pi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:430

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Analgesic drugs are recommended to treat pain caused by osteoarthritis, and joint replacement should decrease the need for them. We aimed to determine the user rates of analgesic drugs before and after joint r...

    Authors: Tuomas J. Rajamäki Jr, Pia A. Puolakka, Aki Hietaharju, Teemu Moilanen and Esa Jämsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:427

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Intra-articular (IA) injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) (IA-HA) is a well-recognized treatment option for pain associated with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). IA-HA products differ in their HA content, mo...

    Authors: Keiji Yoshioka, Madoka Katayama, Takeo Nishiyama, Kohei Harada, Sawako Takeshita and Yuji Kawamata

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:424

    Content type: Research article

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  46. In obese patients, total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be technically demanding with increased perioperative risks. The aim of this prospective cohort study is to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on r...

    Authors: Bariq Al-Amiry, Georgios Pantelakis, Sarwar Mahmood, Bakir Kadum, Torkel B. Brismar and Arkan S. Sayed-Noor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:422

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Pain catastrophizing contributes to acute and long-term pain after knee arthroplasty (KA), but the association between pain catastrophizing and physical function is not clear.

    Authors: Sara Birch, Maiken Stilling, Inger Mechlenburg and Torben Bæk Hansen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:421

    Content type: Research article

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