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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. The incidence of intramedullary infection is increasing with increased use of intramedullary fixation for long bone fractures. However, appropriate treatment for infection after intramedullary nailing is uncle...

    Authors: Hong-An Zhang, Chun-Hao Zhou, Xiang-Qing Meng, Jia Fang and Cheng-He Qin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:710

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Clinical studies have found that manipulations have a good clinical effect on sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain without specific causes. However, the specific mechanisms underlying the effect of manipulations are st...

    Authors: Zhun Xu, Yikai Li, Shaoqun Zhang, Liqing Liao, Kai Wu, Ziyu Feng and Dan Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:709

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Lateral condylar humerus fractures (LCHFs) are the second most common pediatric distal humerus fractures. Open reduction and internal fixation is recommended for fractures displaced by more than 2 mm. Few stud...

    Authors: Li-wei Xie, Juan Wang, Zhi-qiang Deng, Ren-huan Zhao, Wei Chen, Chi Kang, Jia-jun Ye, Xin Liu, Ying Zhou and Hai Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:707

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Retraction of transporting bone segment (TBS) may occur when the fixator of the TBS is removed prior to full consolidation of the distracted callus, which has adverse effect on the healing of the docking site....

    Authors: Yunhong Ma, Qudong Yin, Yongwei Wu, Zongnan Wang, Zhenzhong Sun, Sanjun Gu, Yongjun Rui and Xiaofei Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:704

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Acromioclavicular (AC) separation can be treated with the use of a hook plate. Some studies have reported that coracoclavicular (CC) ligament augmentation is necessary to reduce the complications of hook plate...

    Authors: Chung-Ting Liu and Ten-Fang Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:701

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Femoral neck fracture (FNF) is among the commonest fractures affecting the geriatric population. Hemiarthroplasty (HA) is a standard treatment procedure and has been performed by hip surgeons for decades. Rece...

    Authors: Chi-Yung Yeung, Shang-Wen Tsai, Po-Kuei Wu, Cheng-Fong Chen, Ming-Chau Chang and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:700

    Content type: Research article

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  7. For improved outcomes in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) correct implant fitting and positioning are crucial. In order to facilitate a best possible implant fitting and positioning patient-specific systems have ...

    Authors: Jörg Arnholdt, Yama Kamawal, Konstantin Horas, Boris M. Holzapfel, Fabian Gilbert, Axel Ripp, Maximilian Rudert and Andre F. Steinert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:699

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a severe complication in the field of arthroplasty. Despite the rising number of primary joint replacements, no unified therapeutic standard has been established for...

    Authors: Christina Rimke, Andreas Enz, Hermann Josef Bail, Peter Heppt, Bernd Kladny, Gabriela von Lewinski, Christoph H. Lohmann, Katrin Osmanski-Zenk, Holger Haas and Wolfram Mittelmeier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:694

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Polyether-ether-ketone (PEEK) is increasingly being used for spinal applications. However, because of its biologically inactive nature, there are risks of false joint loosening and sinking. PEEK materials are ...

    Authors: Sachiko Kawasaki, Yusuke Inagaki, Manabu Akahane, Akira Furukawa, Hideki Shigematsu and Yasuhito Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:692

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is mainly caused by annular fiber disruption with a discrete leakage of nucleus pulposus pressing on a nerve, resulting in back pain and radiating pain. Most patients with LDH can ...

    Authors: Feng Dai, Yu Xiang Dai, Hong Jiang, Peng Fei Yu and Jin Tao Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:690

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Scaffolds have considerably advanced in recent years. In orthopaedic surgery, scaffolds have been used as grafts in procedures involving tendon and ligament reconstruction. This paper aimed to produce and eval...

    Authors: Alex de Lima Santos, Camila Gonzaga da Silva, Leticia Siqueira de Sá Barreto, Katia Ramos Moreira Leite, Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki, Lydia Massako Ferreira, Fernando Gonçalves de Almeida and Flavio Faloppa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:689

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The impact of high dislocated dysplastic hips on spinal-pelvic alignment has not been well described. This study aims to evaluate compensatory spinal radiographic changes and presence of back pain in patients ...

    Authors: Peng Ren, Xiangpeng Kong, Wei Chai and Yan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:688

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Goldenhar syndrome sometimes displays progressive scoliosis and other spinal deformities that require treatment. However, few reports exist on scoliosis correction in Goldenhar syndrome. We described the rare ...

    Authors: Masashi Uehara, Shugo Kuraishi, Shota Ikegami, Hiroki Oba, Takashi Takizawa, Ryo Munakata, Terue Hatakenaka, Tetsuhiko Mimura and Jun Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:685

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Scaphoid excision and four-corner arthrodesis is an acceptable salvage procedure for the treatment of scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) and scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) wrists, since first po...

    Authors: Yukichi Zenke, Toshihisa Oshige, Kunitaka Menuki, Hideyuki Hirasawa, Yoshiaki Yamanaka, Takafumi Tajima, Kenji Kosugi and Akinori Sakai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:683

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the bony correction angle and mechanical axis change and their differences between closed wedge high tibial osteotomy (CWHTO) and open wedg...

    Authors: Takahiro Ogino, Ken Kumagai, Shunsuke Yamada, Tomotaka Akamatsu, Shuntaro Nejima, Masaichi Sotozawa and Yutaka Inaba

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:675

    Content type: Research article

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  16. While some traumatic closed index extensor tendon ruptures at the musclotendinous junction have been previously reported, closed index extensor tendon pseudorupture due to intertendinous attenuation is exceedi...

    Authors: Yusuke Miyashima, Takuya Uemura, Takuya Yokoi, Shunpei Hama, Mitsuhiro Okada, Sadahiko Konishi and Hiroaki Nakamura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:672

    Content type: Case report

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  17. There are several types of tenodesis reconstruction designed for subtalar instability. However, no comprehensive comparison has been conducted among these procedures in terms of their correcting power so far. ...

    Authors: Xu Can, Li Mingqing, Wang Chenggong and Liu Hua

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:669

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The success of shoulder arthroplasty, both reverse and anatomical, depends on correcting the underlying glenoid deformity especially in patients with an osteoarthritis. We hypothesized that the distribution of...

    Authors: Omer Ozel, Robert Hudek, Mohamed S. Abdrabou, Birgit S. Werner and Frank Gohlke

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:668

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Several cup anteversion measurements for post-operative total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery have been described. We developed the standardized Liaw’s trigonometric method to eliminate the influence of patient...

    Authors: Kuei-Lin Yeh, Tai-Yin Wu, Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Sheng-Mou Hou and Chen-Kun Liaw

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:667

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Halo traction has been used as an adjunctive method in the treatment of severe spinal deformities. But there are few reports on the clinical efficacy of halo-pelvic traction (HPT) in the treatment of severe sp...

    Authors: Longtao Qi, Beiyu Xu, Chunde Li and Yu Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:665

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Hybrid surgery (HS) has become an alternative procedure for the treatment of multilevel cervical degenerative disc disease with satisfactory outcomes. However, some adverse outcomes have recently emerged, such...

    Authors: Junbo He, Hao Liu, Tingkui Wu, Chen Ding, Kangkang Huang, Ying Hong and Beiyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:664

    Content type: Research article

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  22. A significant proportion of the overall cost of total hip arthroplasty (THA) results from the inpatient hospital stay following the procedure. Considering the substantial and increasing number of these procedu...

    Authors: Bryn O. Zomar, Jacquelyn D. Marsh, Brent A. Lanting and Dianne M. Bryant

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:663

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Neglected long-term unreduced hip joint dislocation with secondary osteoarthritis and pseudoarthrosis poses a great challenge to hip surgeons. However, as this is an uncommon injury, few studies have systemati...

    Authors: Bo Liu, Zhaoke Wu, Zhikun Zhuang, Sikai Liu, Huijie Li and Yongtai Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:661

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The aim of our study was to compare the long-term outcome after perichondrium transplantation and two-component surface replacement (SR) implants to the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and the proximal interphalange...

    Authors: Daniel Muder, Nils P. Hailer and Torbjörn Vedung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:657

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Abnormal gluteus medius muscle activity is associated with a number of musculoskeletal conditions. Research investigating the effect of foot type and foot orthoses on gluteus medius muscle activity is both con...

    Authors: Sean Sadler, Martin Spink, Xanne Janse de Jonge and Vivienne Chuter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:655

    Content type: Research article

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  26. First metatarso-phalangeal joint fusion is the current gold standard for severe hallux rigidus. Data regarding the union rate and the re-operation rate when IOFix (an Intra-osseous fixation device, Extremity m...

    Authors: David Segal, Nissim Ohana, Meir Nyska and Ezequiel Palmanovich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:654

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Bone stock preservation in total hip replacement is essential to allow for later revisions in an increasingly younger and fitter index patient population. While contemporary modular press-fit acetabular cups l...

    Authors: Conrad Anderl, Georg Mattiassich, Reinhold Ortmaier, Martin Steinmair and Josef Hochreiter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:652

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A proper restoration of hip biomechanics is fundamental to achieve satisfactory outcomes after total hip arthroplasty (THA). A global hip offset (GO) postoperatively reduction of more than 5 mm was known to im...

    Authors: Stefano Biggi, Lorenzo Banci, Riccardo Tedino, Andrea Capuzzo, Gabriele Cattaneo, Stefano Tornago and Andrea Camera

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:646

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The use of knee braces early after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a controversial issue. The study preliminarily compares the effect of a traditional brace blocked in knee extension and a n...

    Authors: Jacopo Emanuele Rocchi, Luciana Labanca, Valeria Luongo and Lorenzo Rum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:644

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Injuries to the hamstring muscles are among the most common in sports and account for significant time loss. Despite being so common, the injury mechanism of hamstring injuries remains to be determined.

    Authors: Adam Danielsson, Alexandra Horvath, Carl Senorski, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, William E. Garrett, Ramón Cugat, Kristian Samuelsson and Eric Hamrin Senorski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:641

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Severe varus deformity and soft tissue injury caused by a burn around a complex knee dislocation is a rare injury. Soft tissue reconstruction and deformity correction with circular hexapod external fixation of...

    Authors: Koji Nozaka, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Hidetomo Saito, Hiroaki Kijima, Motoki Mita and Yoichi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:639

    Content type: Case report

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  32. In spine surgery, surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the main perioperative complications and is associated with a higher patient morbidity and longer patient hospitalization. Most factors associated with...

    Authors: Friederike Schömig, Carsten Perka, Matthias Pumberger and Rudolf Ascherl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:634

    Content type: Research Article

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  33. Management of Rüedi-Allgöwer III or AO/OTA type C3 pilon fracture presents numerous challenges to the orthopaedic surgeon. A joint preservation technique using a large autologous ilium with periosteum in combi...

    Authors: Dong Li, Jiao Jiao Li, Yuanyuan Zhu, Fushan Hou, Yuan Li, Bin Zhao and Bin Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:632

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Numerous biomechanical and clinical studies comparing different techniques for rotator cuff repair have been reported, yet universal consensus regarding the superior technique has not achieved. A medially-base...

    Authors: He-Bei He, Yong Hu, Chuan Li, Cheng-Guo Li, Min-Cong Wang, Hui-Feng Zhu, Zhi-Wen Yan, Cheng-Long Pan and Tao Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:629

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To compare the efficacy of conventional interlaminar fenestration discectomy (IFD) with transforaminal endoscopic lumbar discectomy (TELD) for treating lumbar disc herniation (LDH).

    Authors: Quanyi Li and Yongchun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:628

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Tendon injuries amount to one of the leading causes of career-ending injuries in horses due to the inability for tendon to completely repair and the high reinjury potential. As a result, novel therapeutics are...

    Authors: Monica Y. Pechanec, Tannah N. Boyd, Keith Baar and Michael J. Mienaltowski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:627

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Meniscus repair is a challenging task in knee arthroscopy. Currently, there are a variety of arthroscopic methods available for meniscus repair. The purpose of this study was to determine a consensus in menisc...

    Authors: Paweł Bąkowski, Kamilla Bąkowska-Żywicka and Tomasz Piontek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:626

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The deltopectoral approach is commonly used for plate stabilization of proximal humerus fracture. Although adhesions between the deltoid, plate, and humerus are common sequelae of plate ORIF, little is known a...

    Authors: Michał Waszczykowski and Jarosław Fabiś

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:625

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the severity of Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and the abnormality in pelvic incidence (PI).

    Authors: Rongshan Cheng, Muyin Huang, Willem Alexander Kernkamp, Huiwu Li, Zhenan Zhu, Liao Wang and Tsung-Yuan Tsai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:623

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In an enhanced recovery after surgery program, a growing number of orthopedists are reconsidering the necessity of tourniquet use in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the impact of tourniquet use on tran...

    Authors: Hong Xu, Jingli Yang, Jinwei Xie, Zeyu Huang, Qiang Huang, Guorui Cao and Fuxing Pei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:620

    Content type: Research article

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  41. There has been no gold standard of the initial treatment strategy for acute patellar dislocation (APD) with osteochondral fracture (OCF). Hence the study aim is firstly, to review and compare clinical outcomes...

    Authors: Si Young Song, Tae-Soung Kim and Young-Jin Seo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:617

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Comminuted proximal ulna fractures are severe injuries with a high degree of instability. These injuries require surgical treatment, usually angular stable plating or double plating is performed. Nailing of pr...

    Authors: Johannes Christof Hopf, Tobias Eckhard Nowak, Dorothea Mehler, Charlotte Arand, Dominik Gruszka, Ruben Westphal and Pol Maria Rommens

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:616

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In the Netherlands most patients are currently seen in an outpatient clinic after an anterior cervical discectomy, which is an effective neurosurgical procedure with relatively low rate of severe complications...

    Authors: Karel de Bree, Femke Atsma, Erik J. van Lindert, Gert P. Westert and Ronald M. H. A. Bartels

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:614

    Content type: Review

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  44. It remains controversial whether the older age to perform closed reduction (CR) procedure for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), the higher incidence of complications. The aim of this study is to evalua...

    Authors: Zhiqiang Zhang, Hao Li, Hai Li and Ziming Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:613

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) has been regarded as the “gold standard” treatment of cervical spondylosis. Though it has good outcomes, many complications still exist, such as loss of fixation,...

    Authors: Xiucheng Li, Lei He, Wei He, Zuo Lv and Xuerong Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:611

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  46. Modern metal-on-metal (MOM) arthroplasties were performed for over a decade before alarming reports of adverse metal reactions dramatically reduced their use. Failures are seen more often with high-wearing imp...

    Authors: Tomi Nousiainen, Sanna Palosaari, Sirpa Peräniemi, Arja Tervahauta, Jaakko Niinimäki, Juhana Leppilahti and Petri Lehenkari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:610

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. The Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) and its shorter version, the Six-Item Carpal Tunnel Symptoms Scale (CTS-6), are widely used for assessing function and/or symptoms in patients with carpal tunnel s...

    Authors: Juhani Multanen, Jari Ylinen, Teemu Karjalainen, Joona Ikonen, Arja Häkkinen and Jussi P. Repo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:609

    Content type: Research article

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  48. A recently published paper by te Molder and colleagues in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders confirmed prior reports indicating that definitions of good versus poor outcome cutoff scores for relevant knee arthropla...

    Authors: Daniel L. Riddle and Levent Dumenci

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:604

    Content type: Correspondence

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