Skip to content


Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

Page 1 of 23

  1. Content type: Research article

    Safe placement of pedicle screws without jeopardizing neurovascular structures medially and anteriorly is important during spine surgery. Inferior breach of pedicle is also dangerous due to low margin of error...

    Authors: Hsi-Hsien Lin, Jung-Pan Wang, Cheng-Li Lin, Yu-Cheng Yao, Shih-Tien Wang, Ming-Chau Chang and Po-Hsin Chou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:252

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture patients are frail and have a high mortality. We investigated whether the introduction of fast track care reduced the 30-day mortality after hip fractures.

    Authors: Christian Thomas Pollmann, Jan Harald Røtterud, Jan-Erik Gjertsen, Fredrik Andreas Dahl, Olav Lenvik and Asbjørn Årøen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:248

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Managing with diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) is challenging. Even after infective bone resection and thorough debridement, DFO is still difficult to cure and has a high recurrence rate. This retrospective s...

    Authors: Cheng-He Qin, Chun-Hao Zhou, Hui-Juan Song, Guo-Yun Cheng, Hong-An Zhang, Jia Fang and Rui Tao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:246

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Bone defects may occur because of severe trauma, nonunion, infection, or tumor resection. However, treatments for bone defects are often difficult and have not been fully established yet. We previously designe...

    Authors: Yu Kuroiwa, Tomoaki Fukui, Shunsuke Takahara, Sang Yang Lee, Keisuke Oe, Michio Arakura, Yohei Kumabe, Takahiro Oda, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Takehiko Matsushita, Toshihiro Akisue, Yoshitada Sakai, Ryosuke Kuroda and Takahiro Niikura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:237

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Various surgical modalities are available for correction of deformity in late-diagnosed distal radius fractures. This study compared surgical outcomes between intramedullary nailing and plating osteosynthesis ...

    Authors: Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Chun-Ying Cheng, Chun-Jui Weng and Ying-Chao Chou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:236

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    A significant number of patients use opioids prior to total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in North America and there is growing concern that preoperative opioid use negatively impacts postoperative patient outcomes...

    Authors: C. Michael Goplen, Wesley Verbeek, Sung Hyun Kang, C. Allyson Jones, Donald C. Voaklander, Thomas A. Churchill and Lauren A. Beaupre

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:234

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Total hip replacement (THR) is a procedure which can improve the quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis. However, deficits in static stability and impairment of lower limb efficiency can be observed e...

    Authors: Agnieszka Wareńczak and Przemysław Lisiński

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:229

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Perioperative blood management is an important issue in the treatment of elderly patients at an increased risk of postoperative complications. Accordingly, tranexamic acid (TXA) is widely administered to reduc...

    Authors: Dae-Kyung Kwak, Chul-Young Jang, Dae-Hwan Kim, Sang-Hyun Rhyu, Ji-Hyo Hwang and Je-Hyun Yoo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:228

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Displaced intracapsular hip fractures are typically treated with hemiarthroplasty (HA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). A number of professional bodies recommend considering THA for patients that were independ...

    Authors: David Metcalfe, Andrew Judge, Daniel C. Perry, Belinda Gabbe, Cheryl K. Zogg and Matthew L. Costa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:226

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to reveal the clinical history and physical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of patients with an inverted-type discoid lateral meniscus (DLM) tear compared with those...

    Authors: Kengo Shimozaki, Junsuke Nakase, Yasushi Takata, Kazuki Asai, Kazu Toyooka, Katsuhiko Kitaoka and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:223

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    In order to treat proximal femur fibrous dysplasia (FD) patients combined with hip joint osteoarthritis (OA), the three-dimensional (3D) designing osteotomy and implantation of femoral component was firstly us...

    Authors: Kai Yao, Li Min, Fan Tang, Minxun Lu, Yuqi Zhang, Jie Wang, Yong Zhou, Yi Luo, Wenli Zhang and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:222

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to review the patient rated outcome (PROM) of surgically treated fractures to the lateral process of the talus (LPTF) and identify factors influencing the outcome.

    Authors: Hubert Hörterer, Sebastian Felix Baumbach, Stefan Lemperle, Sebastian Altenberger, Oliver Gottschalk, Alexander Tobias Mehlhorn, Anke Röser and Markus Walther

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:219

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    No consensus exists on the treatment of proximal humerus fractures, especially in the elderly patients with osteoporosis. This study was aimed to evaluate the biomechanical characteristics of a novel external ...

    Authors: Haijing Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:218

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic lateral compression fractures are the most stable of the unstable fractures. Therefore, decision making regarding operative or non-operative therapy is still a matter of debate.

    Authors: J. Zwingmann, H. Eberbach, P. C. Strohm, N. P. Südkamp, J. Lauritsen and H. Schmal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:217

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Study protocol

    The purpose of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is to restore stability to the knee. Persistent rotational laxity following ACLR has been correlated with poor outcome and graft failure. We hypo...

    Authors: Alan Getgood, Dianne Bryant and Andrew Firth

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:216

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    An interspinous process device, the Device for Intervertebral Assisted Motion (DIAM™) designed to treat lumbar neurogenic disease secondary to the lumbar spinal stenosis, it provides dynamic stabilization afte...

    Authors: Hao-Ju Lo, Chen-Sheng Chen, Hung-Ming Chen and Sai-Wei Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:213

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Case report

    Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is a rare chronic autoinflammatory syndrome affecting mainly children and young adults. The natural history of the disease is marked by recurrent pain as the mainstay o...

    Authors: Patrick Goetti, Chau Pham, Nicolas Gallusser, Fabio Becce, Pietro G. di Summa, Frédéric Vauclair and Stéphane Cherix

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:211

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to determine patient reported outcome measures (PROMS) after arthroscopic repair of an isolated labral tear using the validated International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-33). The iHOT-...

    Authors: Jesse Renouf, Nicholas Pergaminelis, Phong Tran, Camdon Fary and Oren Tirosh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:210

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Repair of rotator cuff tears has yielded excellent functional outcomes in recent decades; however, poor outcomes and dissatisfaction have been noted in specific groups. Spontaneous tendon rupture has been repo...

    Authors: Kuan-Ting Wu, Wen-Yi Chou, Jih-Yang Ko, Ka-Kit Siu and Ya-Ju Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:209

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies support the theory that ill-fitting shoes are an important source of pain and may lead to foot malformations in the medium term. Taking as reference the ideal allowance considered in the literat...

    Authors: María Luisa González Elena and Antonio Córdoba-Fernández

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:208

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Although various surgical methods are used to treat lumbosacral tuberculosis, no unified surgical approach exists. Thus, exploring an optimal operation method has substantial clinical importance. Evaluate the ...

    Authors: Jiantao Liu, Yanzheng Gao, Zhengchao Gao, Binbin Niu, Dongbo Lv and Yin Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:206

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of subaxial cervical pedicle screw (CPS) insertion by comparing the morphological parameters between developmental canal stenosis (DCS) and non-developme...

    Authors: Song Wang, Gangyi Yang, Ce Zhu, Jianping Kang and Qing Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:205

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Case report

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is considerably difficult to perform in patients with Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Some Crowe type IV DDH patients require a femoral subtrochanteric shor...

    Authors: Song Gong, Weihua Xu, Ruoyu Wang, Shaokai Liu, Lizhi Han, Guo Chen and Bo Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:203

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    A total of more than 270,000 fractures are registered in the Swedish Fracture Register (SFR), a national quality register. Fractures are classified following the AO/OTA classification, commonly by a junior doc...

    Authors: Sara Brandt Knutsson, David Wennergren, Alicja Bojan, Jan Ekelund and Michael Möller

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:197

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    High molecular weight (HMW) hyaluronic acid (HA) is a treatment option for knee osteoarthritis (OA). The efficacy of HMW-HA in knee OA is investigated extensively, but the effectiveness in patients in the work...

    Authors: Job Hermans, Sita M. A. Bierma-Zeinstra, Pieter K. Bos, Dieu Donne Niesten, Jan A. N. Verhaar and Max Reijman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:196

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Adverse Reaction to Metal Debris (ARMD) is a major reason for revision surgeries in patients with metal-on-metal (MoM) hip replacements. Most failures are related to excessively wearing implant producing harmf...

    Authors: Lari Lehtovirta, Aleksi Reito, Olli Lainiala, Jyrki Parkkinen, Harry Hothi, Johann Henckel, Alister Hart and Antti Eskelinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:195

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Cartilage repair outcomes are compromised in a pro-inflammatory environment; therefore, the mitigation of pro-inflammatory responses is beneficial. Treatment with continuous low-intensity ultrasound (cLIUS) at...

    Authors: Neety Sahu, Hendrik J. Viljoen and Anuradha Subramanian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:193

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Device-related infections in orthopaedic and trauma surgery are a devastating complication with substantial impact on morbidity and mortality. Systemic suppressive antibiotic treatment is regarded an integral ...

    Authors: Romy Spitzmüller, Denis Gümbel, Claas Güthoff, Sarah Zaatreh, Annett Klinder, Matthias Napp, Rainer Bader, Wolfram Mittelmeier, Axel Ekkernkamp, Axel Kramer and Dirk Stengel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:184

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Case report

    Antibiotic-impregnated articulating cement spacers can maintain interim joint motion with the potential to enhance functional status and improve patient satisfaction. Articular surfaces with cement against cem...

    Authors: Yong-Beom Park, Chul-Won Ha, Jae Won Jang and Manyoung Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:179

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    A method of closed reduction and internal fixation with cannulated screws was proposed as a surgical treatment of midshaft clavicle fractures. However, there are no mechanical studies about the cannulated scre...

    Authors: Sheng-Hao Wang, Hsiu-Jen Lin, Hsain-Chung Shen, Ru-Yu Pan and Jui-Jung Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:178

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    As several neurologic and hardware complications have been reported with screw fixation. Suture buttons are used to serve as an alternative to screw fixation to obtain better outcome and to reduce the complica...

    Authors: Jian Xu, Haifeng Liu, Wei Lu, Weimin Zhu, Liangquan Peng, Kan Ouyang, Hao Li and Daping Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:173

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) and in particular, Birmingham hip resurfacing (BHR), is commonly employed as an alternative to total hip arthroplasty (THA) in young patients, as it allows for preservation o...

    Authors: Olga S. Pérez-Moro, Marcos E. Fernández-Cuadros, Inmaculada Neira-Borrajo, Eduvigis Aranda-Izquierdo, María J. Albaladejo-Florin and Rafael Llopis-Miró

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:172

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Fifth metacarpal fractures are the most common fractures of the hand. These fractures are generally treated with conservative methods. The aim of this study was to compare the radiological and clinical outcome...

    Authors: Gokhan Kaynak, Huseyin Botanlioglu, Mustafa Caliskan, Bedri Karaismailoglu, Mahmut Kursat Ozsahin, Soner Kocak, Enis Yildirim, Onder Aydingoz and Mehmet Fatih Guven

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:169

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Schwannomas are well-encapsulated, benign neoplasms, and enucleation is a standard operation procedure. The incidence of neurological complications after surgical treatment for schwannomas of the extremities v...

    Authors: Toshihide Hirai, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Toru Akiyama, Tomotake Okuma, Hiroyuki Oka, Yusuke Shinoda, Masachika Ikegami, Yusuke Tsuda, Takashi Fukushima, Takahiro Ohki, Yuki Ishibashi, Ryoko Sawada, Takahiro Goto and Sakae Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:166

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    An increasing number of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) surgery in China. Less attention is provided to the special populations and the purpose of ...

    Authors: Jin Wang, Guanglei Zhao, Jie Chen, Jun Xia, Siqun Wang, Gangyong Huang, Feiyan Chen, Jingsheng Shi, Yuanqing Yang and Yibing Wei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:163

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Given no consensus on optimal timeframe of periarticular multimodal drug injection (PMDI) in knee osteoarthritis patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA), this study was aimed to compare the postopera...

    Authors: Artit Laoruengthana, Atthakorn Jarusriwanna, Piti Rattanaprichavej, Supachok Rasamimongkol, Panapol Varakornpipat and Krit Pongpirul

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:162

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar traction is a traditional treatment modality for chronic low back pain (CLBP) in many countries. However, its effectiveness has not been demonstrated in clinical practice because of the following: (1) t...

    Authors: Shigeru Tadano, Hideki Tanabe, Sadao Arai, Keiji Fujino, Tokuhide Doi and Masami Akai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:155

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in plantar pressure distribution in feet affected by hallux valgus compared with their contralateral non-affected feet and with the feet of healthy control subjects.

    Authors: Ulf Krister Hofmann, Marco Götze, Katharina Wiesenreiter, Otto Müller, Markus Wünschel and Falk Mittag

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:149

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    The most common location for articular fractures of the radial head is often reported to be the anterior lateral aspect of the radial head with the arm in neutral position. However, these findings mainly base ...

    Authors: Lucca Lacheta, Sebastian Siebenlist, Maximillian Lauber, Lukas Willinger, Nicole Fischer, Andreas B. Imhoff and Andreas Lenich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:147

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    The number of studies and clinical interest in the anterolateral ligament of the knee (ALL) has grown in recent years. A meticulous and accurate ALL dissection is vital in anatomic and biomechanical studies, a...

    Authors: Diego Ariel de Lima, Camilo Partezani Helito, Matthew Daggett, Francisco Magalhães Monteiro Neto, Lana Lacerda de Lima, José Alberto Dias Leite and Maria Luzete Costa Cavalcante

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:142

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    The gracilis tendon is commonly used as an autograft to reconstruct torn tendons or ligaments in many parts of the body. Little is known about the subjective and functional outcome after gracilis tendon harves...

    Authors: Jonas S. Nordin, Ola Olsson and Karl Lunsjö

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:138

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    It is known that there are large regional variations in treatment methods for the management of proximal humeral fractures. The objective of this study was to investigate the national surgical trends in elderl...

    Authors: Young-Hoon Jo, Kwang-Hyun Lee and Bong-Gun Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:136

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Sufficient data on outcome of patients with clinically and radiologically aggressive enchondromas and atypical cartilaginous tumors (ACT) is lacking. We therefore analyzed both conservatively and surgically tr...

    Authors: Georg W. Omlor, Vera Lohnherr, Jessica Lange, Simone Gantz, Gunhild Mechtersheimer, Christian Merle, Patric Raiss, Joerg Fellenberg and Burkhard Lehner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:134

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    The Zimmer Trabecular Metal Total Ankle Replacement (Zimmer TM TAR) is a recent ankle arthroplasty approved for use in the United States and Europe. Many of the studies reporting the results of this implant ar...

    Authors: Alberto Bianchi, Nicolò Martinelli, Mohammad Hosseinzadeh, Jacopo Flore, Carlo Minoli, Francesco Malerba and Fabio Galbusera

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:132

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Hip fracture in elderly patients is a serious health concern due to the associated morbidity and mortality. Although acute kidney injury after hip fracture is known to be a significantly poor prognostic factor...

    Authors: Woo Young Jang, Jae-Kyun Jung, Dong Ki Lee and Seung-Beom Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:131

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    Atrophic nonunion of femoral shaft fracture after intramedullary (IM) nailing is uncommon. The treatment for femoral shaft aseptic atrophic non-union remained controversial. The aim of this study was to compar...

    Authors: Po-Ju Lai, Yung-Heng Hsu, Ying-Chao Chou, Wen-Ling Yeh, Steve W. N. Ueng and Yi-Hsun Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:127

    Published on:

2017 Journal Metrics