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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Restoration of cervical lordosis after anterior discectomy and fusion is a desirable goal. Proper insertion of the vertebral distraction or Caspar pin can assist lordotic restoration by either putting the tips...

    Authors: Torphong Bunmaprasert, Sittichai Luangkittikong, Menghong Tosinthiti, Supachoke Nivescharoenpisan, Raphi Raphitphan, Nantawit Sugandhavesa, Wongthawat Liawrungrueang and K. Daniel Riew

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:648

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) remains the gold standard for treatment of debilitating symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Even though providing satisfactory results for the majority of patients, some studies...

    Authors: Rachid Rassir, Inger N. Sierevelt, Marjolein Schager and Peter A. Nolte

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:622

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. The depth of bolt in Femoral neck system (FNS, DePuy Synthes, Oberdorf, Switzerland) is difficult to finely control as the length of the bolt is in units of 5 mm. Thus, this study introduces a method to contro...

    Authors: Yonghan Cha, Ji-Ung Song, Jun-Il Yoo, Ki Hoon Park, Jung-Taek Kim, Chan Ho Park and Won-Sik Choy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:621

    Content type: Technical advance

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  4. The ATTUNE Knee System is a new prosthetic design that has theoretical advantages over the Press Fit Condylar (PFC) Sigma Knee System specific to improved knee kinematics and patellofemoral joint tracking. Thi...

    Authors: Ekasame Vanitcharoenkul and Aasis Unnanuntana

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:620

    Content type: Research article

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  5. C5 nerve root paralysis is a nonnegligible complication after posterior cervical spine surgery (PCSS). The cause of its occurrence remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to analyse the incidence ...

    Authors: Bo Liu, Yanchen Chu, Jinfeng Ma, Xiaojie Tang, Junpeng Pan, Chunbing Wu, Xiao Chen, Chengliang Zhao and Zhijie Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:614

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Bony fusion rate was significantly lower in patients with type 3 Modic change than patients with normal endplates. It is not known whether there are relevant differences in fusion efficiency among patients wit...

    Authors: Hao Li, Shou Chen, He-Yu Wei, Chuang-Ye Han, Fan-Yue Zeng, Shuang-Shuang Yuan, Hong-Yu Qin and Jin-Song Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:598

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The Margin of Stability (MoS) is a widely used objective measure of dynamic stability during gait. Increasingly, researchers are using the MoS to assess the stability of pathological populations to gauge their...

    Authors: Fraje Watson, Peter C. Fino, Matthew Thornton, Constantinos Heracleous, Rui Loureiro and Julian J. H. Leong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:597

    Content type: Research article

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  8. German social legislation gives patients the right to obtain a second opinion before elective surgery and defines quality criteria for reimbursement by statutory health insurances. However, the effects of seco...

    Authors: Martin Weigl, Jens Pietzner, Rebecca Kisch, Alexander Paulus, Volkmar Jansson and Eva Grill

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:595

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Infection after vertebral augmentation (VA) often limits the daily activities of patients and even threatens their life. The operation may be one of the effective treatments if the patient suffers from intoler...

    Authors: Shuai Zhang, Song Wang, Qing Wang, Jin Yang and Shuang Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:591

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Here we compared the clinical efficacy of bilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) and percutaneous curved kyphoplasty (PCKP) in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).

    Authors: Chen Wang, Yu Zhang, Wang Chen, Shi-Lei Yan, Kai-Jin Guo and Shuo Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:588

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The hip abductor muscles, primarily the gluteus medius, play an important role in stabilizing the pelvis during gait. Gluteus medius weakness is associated with biomechanical changes and musculoskeletal disord...

    Authors: Rafael Ratti Fenato, Allan Cezar Faria Araujo and Ana Tereza Bittencourt Guimarães

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:584

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aim of the present study was to compare the outcomes of patients who underwent different sequences of ipsilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

    Authors: Zunhan Liu, Wei-Nan Zeng, Zhenyu Luo, Enze Zhao, Hao Li and Zongke Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:581

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Ischial tuberosity apophyseal fractures are avulsion fractures of the anatomic footprint of the proximal hamstring tendons. Generally, these injuries are rare and frequently occur in skeletally immature, activ...

    Authors: Patricia M. Lutz, Michel Knörr, Stephanie Geyer, Andreas B. Imhoff and Matthias J. Feucht

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:578

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The hyaluronic acid (HA) injections are widely used in knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. We conducted the study comparing the efficacy and safety of single injection of Crosslinked Hyaluronic Acid Platform Hy...

    Authors: Teng-Le Huang and Chun-Hao Tsai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:572

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The Italian Spine Youth Quality of Life (ISYQOL) questionnaire is used to evaluate health-related quality of life in adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis. The study aimed to undertake the process of cultural ...

    Authors: Shanshan Liu, Junyang Liang, Nanfang Xu, Shuo Mai, Qi Wang, Lin Zeng, Chaojun Du, Yaoxu Du, Yan Zeng, Miao Yu and Zhongjun Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:568

    Content type: Research article

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  16. This study investigated whether achieving a higher degree of knee flexion after TKA promoted the ability to perform high-flexion activities, as well as patient satisfaction and quality of life.

    Authors: Hyuk-Soo Han, Jong Seop Kim, Bora Lee, Sungho Won and Myung Chul Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:565

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The infra-acetabular screw which is placed from the pubis to the ischium can be used as a special positional screw of the posterior column of the acetabulum. This study was performed to simulate the surgical p...

    Authors: Bei Zhao, Wei Zhang, Hao Li, Liren Han, Shizhang Han, Xiaofei Yang, Jun Yan and Weidong Mu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:551

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Antegrade intramedullary nailing (AIMN) with Kirschner wire (K-wire) is a minimally invasive osteosynthesis technique. This procedure has been widely performed to treat the fifth metacarpal neck fracture (FMNF...

    Authors: Xiao-Lei Fan, Jian Wang, De-Hua Zhang, Feng Mao, Yi Liao and Rui Xiao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:546

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The effects of postoperative intervertebral height (IH) changes on the clinical and radiological outcomes after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) surgery using a zero-profile device remain uncl...

    Authors: Haimiti Abudouaini, Chengyi Huang, Hao Liu, Ying Hong, Beiyu Wang, Chen Ding, Yang Meng and Tingkui Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:543

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Non-union occurs in approximately 5 to 10% of fracture patients, with certain bones at greater risk of failing to heal. Non-unions have a significant impact on socioeconomic costs and the patients short and lo...

    Authors: Ross Leighton, Mark Phillips, Mohit Bhandari and Robert Zura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:532

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The effect of postoperative shoulder sling compliance on surgical outcomes is unknown. The goal was to determine an accurate method to measure sling compliance. We compared volunteer recorded sling wear time w...

    Authors: Anshum Sood, Ashley Klein, Samir Kaveeshwar, Derek L. Jones, Grant Duvall, James Paul Hovis, Tristan B. Weir, Blessing Enobun, S. Ashfaq Hasan, R. Frank Henn 3rd, Jonathan D. Packer and Mohit N. Gilotra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:524

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip rarely develops in the early second decade. As the incidence of this disease is low, no treatment method has been established. We report two patients with unilateral OA in their ...

    Authors: Takahiro Nishimura, Hideaki Watanabe, Naoya Taki, Saki Onuma and Ichiro Kikkawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:517

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Nonunion following treatment of supracondylar femur fractures with lateral locked plates (LLP) has been reported to be as high as 21 %. Implant related and surgeon-controlled variables have been postulated to ...

    Authors: Michael J. Weaver, George W. Chaus, Aidin Masoudi, Kaveh Momenzadeh, Amin Mohamadi, Edward K Rodriguez, Mark S. Vrahas and Ara Nazarian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:512

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To evaluate the changes of Hounsfield units (HU) value in different types of Modic changes (MCs) and to analyze the correlation between the change of HU value and area ratio of MCs region, bone mineral density...

    Authors: Jiandong Zhu, Hao Wu, Yilei Chen, Junhui Liu, Zhi Shan, Shunwu Fan and Fengdong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:509

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) is an effective treatment option for young and middle-aged active patients with medial unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis (OA). In addition, particulated cartilage im...

    Authors: Yasushi Oshima, Norishige Iizawa, Shinro Takai and Tokifumi Majima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:502

    Content type: Case report

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  26. The interference screw is the most popular device that fixes the graft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, reducing the incidence of windshield effect and bungee effect. For the screw, either metall...

    Authors: Chao-Hua Fang, Ming Li, Yun-Feng Zhang and Hua Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:498

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Lag screw cut-out is the most common cause of fixation failure of trochanteric fractures. Intraoperative assessment of fracture reduction and fixation quality is vital to avoid fracture reduction and achieve g...

    Authors: Wei Hao, Long Fang, Shuangshuang Yin, Yongjie Lin and Bingchen Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:497

    Content type: Correspondence

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  28. Difficulty in obtaining union, recurrent fractures, and residual deformities remain the problems challenging the management of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT). We applied the “Eiffel Tower” double...

    Authors: Xiaoyu Wang, Li Shi, Rui Zhang, Wenbo Wang, Feng Wang, Mengwei Wang, Ze Xu, Rongtai Zuo, Jia Xu and Qinglin Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:490

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Survival analysis and effect of covariates on survival time is a central research interest. Cox proportional hazards regression remains as a gold standard in the survival analysis. The Cox model relies on the ...

    Authors: Ilari Kuitunen, Ville T. Ponkilainen, Mikko M. Uimonen, Antti Eskelinen and Aleksi Reito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:489

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Clubfeet are typically shorter than normal feet. This study aimed first to describe the development of foot length in a consecutive series of children with congenital clubfoot and second to relate foot length ...

    Authors: Evgenia Manousaki, Anna-Clara Esbjörnsson, Gunnar Hägglund and Hanneke Andriesse

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:487

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Femoral posterior condylar offset (PCO) and posterior tibial slope (PTS) are important for postoperative range of motion after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, normative data of PCO and PTS and the corr...

    Authors: Liangxiao Bao, Shengwei Rong, Zhanjun Shi, Jian Wang and Yang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:486

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Dislocation after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) has an incidence of 2–3%. Approximately 77% of dislocations occur within the first year after surgery. The SuperPATH technique is a minimally invasive app...

    Authors: Andrew Kay, Derek Klavas, Varan Haghshenas, Mimi Phan and Daniel Le

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:478

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Opioids continue to be the analgesic of choice for postoperative pain control following arthroscopic knee and shoulder surgery. Despite their widespread use, there are limited evidence-based clinical practice ...

    Authors:

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:471

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:615

  34. The calcar femorale was identified long ago. However, our current understanding of the calcar is insufficient, and its related concepts are sometimes confused. The calcar femoral is an important anatomical str...

    Authors: Jin Mei, Lili Pang and Zhongchao Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:460

    Content type: Review

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  35. Augmented Reality (AR) is a rapidly emerging technology finding growing acceptance and application in different fields of surgery. Various studies have been performed evaluating the precision and accuracy of A...

    Authors: Cyrill Dennler, David E. Bauer, Anne-Gita Scheibler, José Spirig, Tobias Götschi, Philipp Fürnstahl and Mazda Farshad

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:451

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The induced membrane technique (IMT) is an effective strategy to repair bone defects and involves a two-stage set of surgical procedures. Although the IM has osteogenic activity, bone grafting is necessary in ...

    Authors: Ye Lu, Jian Wang, Ying Yang and Qudong Yin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:447

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  37. Osteitis fibrosa cystica is the classic manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), occurs after prolonged exposure of bone to high serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) level. It has become increasingly ra...

    Authors: Ekasame Vanitcharoenkul, Nontouch Singsampun, Aasis Unnanuntana and Sirinart Sirinvaravong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:443

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Modular prosthesis fracture, especially distal femoral fracture, is a rare complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, it is catastrophic, and may have a serious impact on the patients. A distal fem...

    Authors: Yuan-Pei Cheng, Xiao-Kang Cheng, Yong-Bo Li, Qian-Ru Zhang, Hao Feng, Yi-Han Zhong, Yan-Bo Zhang and Han Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:442

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may be associated with genu varum. There are a few indications in which the varus deformity can be corrected at the time of ACL reconstruction. However, as the genu varu...

    Authors: Seyed Mohammad Javad Mortazavi, Abbas Noori, Farzad Vosoughi, Reza Rezaei Dogahe and Mohammad Javad Shariyate

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:437

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Opioid abuse is among the most ubiquitous issues world-wide, and when it happens in mothers, it puts them at risk of diseases that can be transferred to the next generation. Previous studies have indicated tha...

    Authors: Maryam Saeidinezhad, Vahid Razban, Hosein Safizadeh and Massood Ezzatabadipour

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:435

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Few studies have reported the clinical outcomes of the medial reefing procedure and lateral release with arthroscopic control of medial retinacular tension in patients with recurrent patellar dislocation. The ...

    Authors: Kyung Wook Nha, Hyung Suh Kim, Sung Tan Cho, Ji Hoon Bae, Ki-Mo Jang and Sang-Gyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:430

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Isolated degenerative joint disease and/or Freiberg’s infraction of the lesser metatarsophalangeal joint, although not frequent may become debilitating in the younger individual. Currently, once conservative m...

    Authors: Nikiforos P. Saragas, Paulo N. F. Ferrao and Andrew Strydom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:424

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Pedicle screw insertion in osteoporotic patients is challenging. Achieving more screw-cortical bone purchase and invasiveness minimization, the cortical bone trajectory and the midline cortical techniques repr...

    Authors: J.-S. Jarvers, S. Schleifenbaum, C. Pfeifle, C. Oefner, M. Edel, N. von der Höh and C.-E. Heyde

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:418

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of successful revision operation on health quality of life(QoL) and functional outcome in humeral nonunion patients.

    Authors: Zhimeng Wang, Yao Lu, Liang Sun, Leilei Song, Teng Ma, Qiang Wang, Kun Zhang and Zhong Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:414

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Bilateral rotator cuff tears are not uncommon and the timing of the surgical treatment of both shoulders is debated. In the present study, we aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent si...

    Authors: Chen Wang, Pu Yang, Dongfang Zhang, In-Ho Jeon, Tengbo Yu, Yingze Zhang and Chao Qi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:409

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The high failure rates of metal on metal (MoM) large diameter head total hip arthroplasty (LDH THA) and hip resurfacing (HR) prevented their long-term comparisons with regards to clinical outcome. Such knowled...

    Authors: Lazaros Kostretzis, Martin Lavigne, Marc-Olivier Kiss, Maged Shahin, Janie Barry and Pascal-André Vendittoli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:400

    Content type: Research article

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  47. For active patients with a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) who would like to return to active level of sports, the current surgical gold standard is reconstruction of the ACL. Recently, there has ...

    Authors: Jelle P. van der List, Harmen D. Vermeijden, Inger N. Sierevelt, Maarten V. Rademakers, Mark L. M. Falke, Gijs T. T. Helmerhorst, Roy A. G. Hoogeslag, Wybren A. van der Wal, Arthur van Noort and Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:399

    Content type: Study protocol

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