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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with kyphosis have an abnormal spinopelvic alignment and pelvic morphology. Most studies focus on the relationship of pelvic tilt (PT) or sacral slope (SS) and deformity, a...

    Authors: Diyu Song, Guoquan Zheng, Tianhao Wang, Dengbin Qi and Yan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:192

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The arthroscopic method offers a less invasive technique of Bankart repair for traumatic anterior shoulder instability. The aim of the study is to determine the mid−/long-term functional outcome, failure rates...

    Authors: Benjamin Panzram, Yasser Kentar, Michael Maier, Thomas Bruckner, Pit Hetto and Felix Zeifang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:191

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The management of painful rigid flatfoot (RFF) with talocalcaneal coalition (TCC) is controversial. We aimed to compare operative and nonoperative treatment in children with RFF and TCC.

    Authors: Giovanni Luigi Di Gennaro, Stefano Stallone, Eleonora Olivotto, Paola Zarantonello, Marina Magnani, Tullia Tavernini, Stefano Stilli and Giovanni Trisolino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:185

    Content type: Research article

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  4. To compare standalone oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) vs. OLIF combined with posterior bilateral percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (OLIF combined) for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis.

    Authors: Wei He, Da He, Yuqing Sun, Yonggang Xing, Jiankun Wen, Weiheng Wang, Yanhai Xi, Mingming Liu, Wei Tian and Xiaojian Ye

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:184

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Multiple approaches for fixation of distal radius fractures exist; nonetheless, there is no consensus on the optimal treatment for these injuries. Although using volar locking plates has become increasingly co...

    Authors: Feng-Shuo Chang, Chih-Hui Chen, Cheng-Hung Lee, Kun-Tsan Lee and Yi-Cheng Cho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:180

    Content type: Research article

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  6. We aimed to present our experience of adopting tissue adhesive as adjunct to standard wound closure in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and evaluate its performance.

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Minzhi Yang, Zheng Cao, Jiying Chen, Wei Chai and Yan Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:178

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The objective of our study was to compare clinical outcome and postoperative complications between patients with thoracic myelopathy caused by ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) treated with and witho...

    Authors: Xiaoyang Huo, Jiaming Zhou, Shiwei Liu, Xing Guo and Yuan Xue

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:177

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Poor prognosis was reported for complex Pilon fractures involving severe soft tissue damage. It is therefore useful to explore the evolution of different treatment strategies in an effort to reconstruct the ax...

    Authors: Dankai Wu, Chuangang Peng, Guangkai Ren, Baoming Yuan and He Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:176

    Content type: Technical advance

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  9. This is a case of lateral recess stenosis secondary occurred the discal fungus infection treated with percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED). There has been no relevant reports before.

    Authors: Yunpeng Fan, Tao Xie, Yao Pang, Liulong Zhu and Shaobo Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:175

    Content type: Case report

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  10. A retrospective and comparative study of transverse process strut (TPS, Group A) compared with titanium mesh cages (TMCs, Group B) in the reconstruction of thoracic stability through the one-stage posterior ap...

    Authors: Weiyang Zhong, Xinjie Liang, Ke Tang, Xiaoji Luo and Zhengxue Quan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:172

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The aim of the study was to compare the accuracy of percutaneous pedicle screw (PPS) insertion (P-side) with that of conventional open screw insertion (O-side) during unilateral open transforaminal lumbar inte...

    Authors: Satoshi Sumiya, Fujiki Numano, Takahisa Ogawa, Toshitaka Yoshii, Atsushi Okawa and Hiromichi Komori

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:168

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Individualized and accurate implantation of a tibial prosthesis during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can assist in uniformly distributing the load and reducing the polyethylene wear to obtain a long-term prost...

    Authors: Yuefu Dong, Zhen Zhang, Wanpeng Dong, Guanghong Hu, Bing Wang and Zhifang Mou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:165

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Objective: White cord syndrome is extremely rare and search of the literature has revealed very few cases. Postoperative MR scan revealed hyperintense intrinsic cord signal changes within cord ischemia and ede...

    Authors: Deuk Soo Jun, Jong-Min Baik and Seung-Kwan Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:157

    Content type: Case report

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  14. High tibial osteotomy is commonly performed in young patients with high activity demand. Several studies have reported outcome of HTO. The reported 10-year survival ranged from 79 to 97.6%. The reported 15-yea...

    Authors: Xi Chen, Zhen Yang, Hairui Li, Shibai Zhu, Yiou Wang and Wenwei Qian

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:153

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In osteoporotic bone, the quality of the bone-to-implant interface is decreased, which may lead to early implant failure. Screw anchorage can be improved by augmentation. This effect is mainly investigated wit...

    Authors: Martin Schulze, Oliver Riesenbeck, Thomas Vordemvenne, Michael J. Raschke, Julia Evers, René Hartensuer and Dominic Gehweiler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:151

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Varus malalignment of the tibia could alter ankle biomechanics, and might lead to degenerative changes of the ankle joint. However, previous studies failed to report the detailed changes of ankle biomechanics ...

    Authors: Yuan Zhu, Xingchen Li and Xiangyang Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:148

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Pelvic fractures are rare in toddlers but are often associated with other injuries that make treatment difficult. Conservative treatment has been used with moderate success, but it is unclear if surgical corre...

    Authors: Yuancheng Liu, Xiaorui Zhan, Fuming Huang, Xiangyuan Wen, Yuhui Chen, Cheng Yang and Shicai Fan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:147

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Plate fixation is an established method for treating unstable distal clavicle fractures. However, the appropriate timing of surgery for acute distal clavicle fractures remains unclear. The present study aimed ...

    Authors: Ryogo Furuhata, Masaaki Takahashi, Teppei Hayashi, Miyu Inagawa, Aki Kono, Noboru Matsumura, Yusaku Kamata, Hiroshi Arino and Hideo Morioka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:146

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a rare syndrome with multiple joint contractures. Within the medical community, there is controversy surrounding AMC in terms of the ideal surgical approach and age ...

    Authors: Mingyuan Miao, Haiqing Cai, Zhigang Wang, Liwei Hu, Jingxia Bian and Haoqi Cai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:144

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Anterior cervical spine surgery is often associated with postoperative dysphagia, but chronic dysphagia caused by laryngo-vertebral synostosis is extremely rare. We report a case of chronic dysphagia caused by...

    Authors: Ichiro Okano, Joe Omata, Yushi Hoshino, Yuki Usui, Tomoaki Toyone and Katsunori Inagaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:143

    Content type: Case report

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  21. The Personalised Knee Improvement Programme (P-KIP) was developed based on previously published work, with the hypothesis that surgeons would refer patients to a well-structured conservative management interve...

    Authors: Timothy Barlow, Timothy Rhodes-Jones, Sue Ballinger, Andrew Metcalfe, David Wright and Peter Thompson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:140

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The Dynamic Locking Blade Plate (DLBP) was recently introduced for fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures (FNF) and has been well received. Although the results of this implant in young patients are prom...

    Authors: J. H. Kalsbeek, W. H. Roerdink, P. Krijnen, M. E. van den Akker-van Marle and I. B. Schipper

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:139

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. In adults, Baker’s cyst development is attributable principally to secondary alterations after degenerative changes. The latter changes often accompany osteoarthritis, and we frequently encounter patients with...

    Authors: Byung-Ill Lee, Jong-Hyeon Seo, Yong-Beom Kim and Gi-Won Seo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:137

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Coracohumeral ligament (CHL) thickening, contracture, and fibroplasia have been identified in glenohumeral idiopathic adhesive capsulitis (GHIAC). The CHL is the main structure responsible for the range of mot...

    Authors: John L. Pape, Mathieu Boudier-Revéret, Jean-Michel Brismée, Kerry K. Gilbert, Detlev Grabs and Stéphane Sobczak

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:136

    Content type: Research article

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  25. There are an overwhelming number of patients suffering from low back pain (LBP) resulting from disc pathology. Although several strategies are being developed pre-clinically, simple strategies to treat the lar...

    Authors: Michael Wolff, Jon Mark Shillington, Christopher Rathbone, Shawn K. Piasecki and Brian Barnes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome and acetabular dysplasia (AD) are common pathologies that lead to pain in the young adult hip. Nocturnal pain in these patients is often reported, yet little is know...

    Authors: Nisha Reddy, J. Riley Martinez, Edward Mulligan, Paul Nakonezny and Joel Wells

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:134

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Dysphagia is one of the most serious complications in patients treated with a halo-vest brace. However, the cause of dysphagia development by halo-vest fixation is not yet clear. We therefore investigated the ...

    Authors: Midori Miyagi, Hiroshi Takahashi, Kazuaki Tsuchiya, Hideki Sekiya and Satoru Ebihara

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:131

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The design of an external fixator with the optimal biomechanical function and the lowest profile has been highly pursued, as fracture healing is dependent on the stability and durability of fixation, and a low...

    Authors: Di Shi, Kaiyuan Liu, Haomeng Zhang, Xinli Wang, Guochen Li and Lianhe Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:128

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Osteoarthritis (OA) represents a significant burden to societies, as it affects quality of life, performance and poses a large healthcare cost. We aimed to describe the use of a single intra-articular (IA) inj...

    Authors: J. C. Alves, A. Santos, P. Jorge, C. Lavrador and L. Miguel Carreira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:127

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Elderly patients with vertebral hemangiomas are rare and might require surgery. Thus, the choice of surgery for these lesions remains controversial because of the rarity of these lesions. This study aimed to a...

    Authors: Weihong Xu, Zhibin Lan and Yuming Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:125

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Trochanter valgus deformity (TVD) is a rare condition of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Femoral osteotomy could be required in correcting the deformity to implant femoral stem in severe TVD. In this study, we d...

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Wei Chai, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang and Yonggang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:124

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Injuries and resulting stiffness around joints, especially the elbow, have huge psychological effects by reducing quality of life through interference with normal daily activities such as feeding, dressing, gr...

    Authors: Ayoola Ademola, Kevin A. Hildebrand, Prism S. Schneider, Nicholas G. H. Mohtadi, Neil J. White, Michael J. Bosse, Alexandra Garven, Richard E. A. Walker and Tolulope T. Sajobi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:123

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Continuous femoral nerve block (cFNB) has been developed to extend the analgesic effect since the efficacy of single-injection femoral nerve block (sFNB) is often limited to approximately 16–24 h. The aim of t...

    Authors: Hsuan-Hsiao Ma, Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Shang-Wen Tsai, Cheng-Fong Chen, Po-Kuei Wu and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The osteotomy of the posterolateral overhanging part (PLOP) of the greater trochanter via posterior approach has been used for the hip arthroplasty for decades with good results. However, the osteotomy method ...

    Authors: Xiaoxiao Zhou, Houlin Ji, Jinhua Guo, Yang Yang, Pan Cai and Xianlong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:119

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Dislocation, periprosthetic fracture and infection are serious complications of total hip replacement (THR) and which negatively impact on patients’ outcomes including satisfaction, quality of life, mental hea...

    Authors: Charlotte V. E. Carpenter, Vikki Wylde, Andrew J. Moore, Adrian Sayers, Ashley W. Blom and Michael R. Whitehouse

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:118

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Adjacent segment disease (ASD) is a well-known complication after interbody fusion. Pedicle screw-rod revision possesses sufficient strength and rigidity. However, is a surgical segment with rigid fixation nec...

    Authors: Ziyang Liang, Jianchao Cui, Jiarui Zhang, Jiahui He, Jingjing Tang, Hui Ren, Linqiang Ye, De Liang and Xiaobing Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:117

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Some patients complain of noise after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Controversy still exists on how the noise affects the clinical outcomes, including joint awareness, after TKA. The Forgotten Joint Score—12 ...

    Authors: Hiroto Taniguchi, Masafumi Itoh, Nobuyuki Yoshimoto, Junya Itou, Umito Kuwashima and Ken Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:115

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Several modern designs of metal-backed glenoids (MBG) have been devised to overcome flaws such as loosening and a high failure rate. This review aimed to compare rates of complications and revision surgeries b...

    Authors: Dong Min Kim, Mohammed Aldeghaither, Fahad Alabdullatif, Myung Jin Shin, Erica Kholinne, Hyojune Kim, In-Ho Jeon and Kyoung-Hwan Koh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  39. During total hip arthroplasty (THA), the accurate placement of the femoral components is an important determinant of the success of the procedure. This study assessed the accuracy of cemented stem placement us...

    Authors: Ryo Mitsutake, Hiromasa Tanino, Yasuhiro Nishida, Masaru Higa and Hiroshi Ito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:113

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Fractures in older men are not uncommon and need to be healed as soon as possible to avoid related complications. Anti-osteoporotic drugs targeting Wnt/β-catenin and PTH (parathyroid hormone) to promote fractu...

    Authors: Daocheng Liu, Hao Qin, Jiazhi Yang, Lei Yang, Sihao He, Sixu Chen, Quanwei Bao, Yufeng Zhao and Zhaowen Zong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) based-treatments of cartilage injury are promising but impaired by high levels of hypertrophy after chondrogenic induction with several bone morphogenetic protein superfamily member...

    Authors: M. Weissenberger, M. H. Weissenberger, F. Gilbert, J. Groll, C. H. Evans and A. F. Steinert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Arthroscopic closure release includes arthroscopic lateral patella retinaculum releasing (LPRR) either outside synovial membrane (OSM) or through synovial membrane (TSM). At present, there is no research to co...

    Authors: Ji-Bin Chen, Dong Chen, Ya-Ping Xiao, Jian-Zhong Chang and Te Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:108

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The Flexible Nichidai Knee Posterior Stabilized (FNK-PS) system was designed to provide relatively high varus-valgus stabilities without the stem extensions to patients with severe knee joint disorders. This i...

    Authors: Takanobu Sumino, Tetsuya Tomita, Kazuomi Sugamoto, Takaharu Yamazaki and Ken Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:107

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Previous studies have revealed positive effect of Topping-off technique on upper adjacent segment after fusion surgery, while for the cases with fusion surgery on L5-S1 segment, owning maximal range of motion,...

    Authors: Liangliang Cao, Yumei Liu, Wei Mei, Jianguang Xu and Shi Zhan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:104

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: