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Orthopedics and biomechanics

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols were rapidly adopted in many surgeries such as fast-track arthroplasty. The study aimed to investigate the impact of ERAS protocols on the clinical effect of to...

    Authors: Bo Wei, Cheng Tang, Xuxiang Li, Rongcai Lin, Liu Han, Suyang Zheng, Yan Xu, Qingqiang Yao and Liming Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:856

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Post-arthroscopic osteonecrosis of the knee (PAONK) is a rare condition. No studies have analyzed the relationship between the meniscus extrusion and PAONK. The purpose of this retrospective study is to test a...

    Authors: Jun Yamaguchi, Kazunori Yasuda, Eiji Kondo, Takuma Kaibara, Daisuke Ueda, Koji Yabuuchi, Jun Onodera, Norimasa Iwasaki, Mitsuru Saito and Tomonori Yagi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:852

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Sciatica pain is a typical symptom of lumbar disc herniation (LDH), but some neurogenic and malignant tumours surrounding the sciatic nerve can also cause similar symptoms. These tumours are often misdiagnosed...

    Authors: Li Zhao, Junqiang Wei, Chenguang Wan, Shuhong Han and He Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:848

    Content type: Case report

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  4. The implantation of screws is a standard procedure in musculoskeletal surgery. Heat can induce thermal osteonecrosis, damage the bone and lead to secondary problems like implant loosening and secondary fractur...

    Authors: Berit Paul, Andre Frank, Michael J. Raschke and Dirk Wähnert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:841

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Congenital bladder exstrophy is a rare malformation which is often associated with pubic diastasis and hip dysplasia. We reported the case two patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) due to advance...

    Authors: Christian Goetze, Filippo Migliorini and Christian Dominik Peterlein

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:814

    Content type: Case report

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  6. The locking plate is a useful treatment for lateral clavicle fractures, however, there are limits to the fragment size that can be fixed. The current study aimed to measure the screw angles of three locking pl...

    Authors: Shingo Abe, Kota Koizumi, Tsuyoshi Murase and Kohji Kuriyama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:812

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Performing postoperative laboratory tests following joint arthroplasty is a regular practice. However, the role of routine postoperative laboratory tests in primary hip arthroplasty is currently in doubt. This...

    Authors: Teng-Feng Zhuang, Song-Wei Huan, Si-Min Luo, Guo-Rong She, Wen-Rui Wu, Jun-Yuan Chen, Ning Liu and Zhen-Gang Zha

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:806

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In previous studies, we demonstrated that the T1 slope (T1s) is associated with clinical outcomes, but the results were not specific for individuals. A recent study suggested that an increased pelvic tilt (PT)...

    Authors: Zhibin Lan, Zhiqiang Wu, Yuming Huang and Weihong Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:785

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Total knee replacement (TKR) is one of the most commonly performed routine procedures in the world. Prognostic studies indicate that the number of TKR will further increase constituting growing burden on healt...

    Authors: Toni Lange, Stefanie Deckert, Franziska Beyer, Waldemar Hahn, Natascha Einhart, Martin Roessler, Martin Sedlmayr, Jochen Schmitt and Jörg Lützner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:783

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. The metal-on-metal large-diameter-head (MoM-LDH) hip replacements increased in popularity during the start of the twenty-first century. Subsequently reports raised concerns regarding adverse reactions due to e...

    Authors: Peter Nyby Hersnaes, Kirill Gromov, Kristian Stahl Otte, Peter Henrik Gebuhr and Anders Troelsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:781

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Postoperative delirium (PD), as an acute brain failure, is widely reported as a very common postoperative complication, and it is closely associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Recently, malnutriti...

    Authors: Jie Chen, Chaojun Zheng, Jinxiu Zhong, Guanglei Zhao, Jingsheng Shi, Gangyong Huang, Yibin Wei, Siqun Wang, Jie Yu and Jun Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:778

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Management of severely angulated Rockwood and Wilkins’ type C (RW-C) thumb metacarpal base fractures in children is challenging. We report experiences of percutaneous leverage reduction and dual antegrade cros...

    Authors: Fei Qiao, Dehai Qu, Lei Cheng and Fei Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:775

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Locked posterior glenohumeral dislocations with a reverse Hill-Sachs impaction fracture involving less than 30% of the humeral head are most frequently treated with lesser tuberosity transfer into the defect, ...

    Authors: Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Vito Gaetano Rinaldi, Giada Lullini, Alice Ritali, Massimiliano Mosca, Matteo Romagnoli, Enrico Guerra and Stefano Zaffagnini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:768

    Content type: Research article

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  14. It is controversial whether or not the carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ) should be included in total wrist arthrodesis (TWA). Complications commonly occur at this site and studies examining its inclusion and exclus...

    Authors: David H. Owen, Diana M. Perriman, Igor Policinski, Maurizio Damiani, Paul N. Smith and Chris J. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:766

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. In treating patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (COPLL), a novel surgery technique - anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF) suggested promising clinical...

    Authors: Yu Chen, Jingchuan Sun, Dan Han, Xiaoqiu Yuan, Yuan Wang, Yongfei Guo, Xihua Zhong and Jiangang Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:765

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. The fabella is a sesamoid bone in the posterolateral capsule of the human knee joint. In quadrupedal mammals, the fabella is believed to have a role similar to the patella in redirecting extension forces of th...

    Authors: Shuo-Po Weng, Tsung-Mu Wu, Chi-Sheng Chien and Sheng-Hui Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:748

    Content type: Case report

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  17. There are several studies comparing techniques and different materials, yet the results are not unanimous. We compared three methods of skin closure in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), including suture with sing...

    Authors: Rodrigo Barreiros Vieira, Gustavo Waldolato, João Sequeira Fernandes, Thiago Gontijo de Carvalho, Pedro Augusto Maciel Moreira, Guilherme Barbosa Moreira and Jorge Suman Vieira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:747

    Content type: Research article

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  18. To introduce a novel transoral instrumentation in the treatment of unstable fractures of the atlas.

    Authors: Qiang Tu, Hu Chen, Zhan Li, Yuyue Chen, Aihong Xu, Changrong Zhu, Xianhua Huang, Xiangyang Ma, Jianhua Wang, Kai Zhang, Qingshui Yin, Jianzhong Xu and Hong Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:745

    Content type: Research article

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  19. For the treatment of unstable thoraco-lumbar burst fractures, a combined posterior and anterior stabilization instead of a posterior-only instrumentation is recommend in the current literature due to the insta...

    Authors: Siegmund Lang, Carsten Neumann, Christina Schwaiger, Andreas Voss, Volker Alt, Markus Loibl and Maximilian Kerschbaum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:744

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The best treatment for degenerative medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) remains controversial. This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of arthroscopic meniscectomy and conser...

    Authors: Nam-Hun Lee, Hyoung-Yeon Seo, Myung-Jin Sung, Bo-Ram Na, Eun-Kyoo Song and Jong-Keun Seon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:742

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Vertebroplasty (VP) is considered an alternative therapy in an osteoporotic compression fracture that failed conservative treatment. However, cement leakage into the intradural space can cause catastrophic com...

    Authors: In-Hwa Baek, Hyung-Youl Park, Ki-Won Kim, Tae-Yang Jang and Jun-Seok Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:741

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Several hip and knee pathologies are associated with aberrant femoral torsion. Diagnostic workup includes computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). For three-dimensional (3D) analysis of c...

    Authors: Thomas Vincent Häller, Pascal Schenk, Lukas Jud, Armando Hoch, Tobias Götschi and Patrick Oliver Zingg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:739

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Patient-specific Instrumentation (PSI) is an innovative technique aiding the precise implementation of the preoperative plan during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) by using patient-specific guides and cutting bl...

    Authors: László Török, Péter Jávor, Petra Hartmann, László Bánki and Endre Varga

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:730

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The Research article to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:321

    The Research article to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:561

  24. Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) presents with a range of symptoms including widespread joint hypermobility and chronic arthralgia. The study objective was to investigate whether impairments in JHS are due t...

    Authors: Alexander Vernon Bates, Alison H. McGregor and Caroline M. Alexander

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:712

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Computer-assisted navigation (CAS) was developed to improve the surgical accuracy and precision. Many studies demonstrated better alignment in the coronal plane in CAS TKA compared to conventional technique. T...

    Authors: Franziska Beyer, Alexander Pape, Cornelia Lützner, Stephan Kirschner and Jörg Lützner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:707

    Content type: Research article

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  26. We reviewed the recent literature related to primary musculoskeletal tumors and metastatic bone tumors. With regard to primary bone tumors, computer navigation systems and three-dimensional-printed prostheses ...

    Authors: Costantino Errani, Andreas F. Mavrogenis and Shinji Tsukamoto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:704

    Content type: Review

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  27. The administration of an intra-articular injection (IAI) of tranexamic acid (TXA) has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing both blood loss and transfusion rate during total knee arthroplasty (TKA); ho...

    Authors: Yu-Kuan Lin, Shang-Wen Tsai, Po-Kuei Wu, Chao-Ming Chen, Jesse Chieh-Szu Yang, Cheng-Fong Chen and Wei-Ming Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:703

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Instrumented posterior lumbar fusion (IPLF) with and without transforaminal interbody fusion (TLIF) is a common treatment for low back pain when conservative interventions have failed. Certain patient comorbid...

    Authors: Hossein Elgafy, Bradley Wetzell, Marshall Gillette, Hassan Semaan, Andrea Rowland, Christopher A. Balboa, Thomas A. Mierzwa, Julie B. McLean, Kimberly Dorsch and Mark A. Moore

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:699

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) has become popular for the treatment of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation (LDH). The very highly up-migrated lumbar disc herniation (VHUM-LDH) is difficult to ...

    Authors: Yong Yu, Ye Jiang, Fuling Xu, Yuhang Mao, Lutao Yuan and Chen Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:693

    Content type: Technical advance

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  30. Traditional tension band wiring and plate fixation represent the commonest methods for treating olecranon fractures. However, there is no agreement on which method provides the best outcome. The aim of this re...

    Authors: Longhai Qiu, Yi Li, Hongbo Wu, Ruixiong Chen, Zhiwen Zhang, Xiaofeng Wang and Yuliang Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:692

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. The use of drains reportedly does not improve surgical outcomes after hip replacement. There is still a lack of strict recommendations for drain placement after primary hip replacement. This study aimed to ass...

    Authors: Paweł Bartosz, Wojciech Marczyński, Marcin Para, Maciej Kogut and Jerzy Białecki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:688

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Total two-stage exchange is commonly used in clinical practice as a treatment for infected total hip arthroplasty (THA); however, this approach involves considerable limitations, including significant bone los...

    Authors: Mumingjiang Yishake, Lan Tang, Xi Chen, Yuejian Wang and Rongxin He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:686

    Content type: Technical advance

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  33. Despite multiple published reviews, the optimum method of correction and stabilisation of Blount’s disease remains controversial. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes...

    Authors: Abo Bakr Zein, Ahmed S. Elhalawany, Mohammed Ali and Gerard R. Cousins

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:681

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Previous articles have focused on the diagnosis and treatment of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis. Here, we present a case of chronic hematogenous osteomyelitis in a 2-month-old girl. The diagnostic procedure ...

    Authors: Cheng-he Qin, Rui Tao, Ji-wei Luo, Liang Hong, Lei Xu, Jia Fang and Chun-hao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:679

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  35. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of tranexamic acid (TXA) mixed in a periarticular multimodal cocktail (PAMC) as a topical administration and to determine whether combined use of intravenous and topical...

    Authors: Kang-Il Kim, Jung-Kwon Bae, Jun-Ho Kim, Hyun-Gon Gwak and Sang Hak Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:675

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Unstable ankle fractures represent a substantial burden of disease, accounting for a mean hospital stay of nine days, a mean cost of £4,491 per patient and 20,000 operations per year. There is variation in UK ...

    Authors: C. P. Bretherton, H. A. Claireaux, J. Achten, A. Athwal, S. J. Dutton, N. Peckham, S. Petrou, R. S. Kearney, D. Appelbe and X. L. Griffin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:672

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  37. During a seizure, there is a powerful and forceful contraction of muscles which may lead to fractures or joint dislocations. However, multiple periprosthetic hip fractures and joint dislocations secondary to s...

    Authors: Qingyu Zhang, Fuqiang Gao, Wei Sun and Zirong Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:664

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  38. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of unsuspected PJI when prosthetic revisions are thoroughly evaluated by PJI dedicated orthopedic surgeon before surgery. The hypothesis is that the i...

    Authors: Daniel Pérez-Prieto, Pedro Hinarejos, Albert Alier, Lluïsa Sorlí, Santos Martínez, Lluís Puig and Juan C. Monllau

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:653

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Restoration of cervical lordosis after anterior discectomy and fusion is a desirable goal. Proper insertion of the vertebral distraction or Caspar pin can assist lordotic restoration by either putting the tips...

    Authors: Torphong Bunmaprasert, Sittichai Luangkittikong, Menghong Tosinthiti, Supachoke Nivescharoenpisan, Raphi Raphitphan, Nantawit Sugandhavesa, Wongthawat Liawrungrueang and K. Daniel Riew

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:648

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) remains the gold standard for treatment of debilitating symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Even though providing satisfactory results for the majority of patients, some studies...

    Authors: Rachid Rassir, Inger N. Sierevelt, Marjolein Schager and Peter A. Nolte

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:622

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  41. The depth of bolt in Femoral neck system (FNS, DePuy Synthes, Oberdorf, Switzerland) is difficult to finely control as the length of the bolt is in units of 5 mm. Thus, this study introduces a method to contro...

    Authors: Yonghan Cha, Ji-Ung Song, Jun-Il Yoo, Ki Hoon Park, Jung-Taek Kim, Chan Ho Park and Won-Sik Choy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:621

    Content type: Technical advance

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  42. The ATTUNE Knee System is a new prosthetic design that has theoretical advantages over the Press Fit Condylar (PFC) Sigma Knee System specific to improved knee kinematics and patellofemoral joint tracking. Thi...

    Authors: Ekasame Vanitcharoenkul and Aasis Unnanuntana

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:620

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. C5 nerve root paralysis is a nonnegligible complication after posterior cervical spine surgery (PCSS). The cause of its occurrence remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to analyse the incidence ...

    Authors: Bo Liu, Yanchen Chu, Jinfeng Ma, Xiaojie Tang, Junpeng Pan, Chunbing Wu, Xiao Chen, Chengliang Zhao and Zhijie Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:614

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Bony fusion rate was significantly lower in patients with type 3 Modic change than patients with normal endplates. It is not known whether there are relevant differences in fusion efficiency among patients wit...

    Authors: Hao Li, Shou Chen, He-Yu Wei, Chuang-Ye Han, Fan-Yue Zeng, Shuang-Shuang Yuan, Hong-Yu Qin and Jin-Song Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:598

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The Margin of Stability (MoS) is a widely used objective measure of dynamic stability during gait. Increasingly, researchers are using the MoS to assess the stability of pathological populations to gauge their...

    Authors: Fraje Watson, Peter C. Fino, Matthew Thornton, Constantinos Heracleous, Rui Loureiro and Julian J. H. Leong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:597

    Content type: Research article

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  46. German social legislation gives patients the right to obtain a second opinion before elective surgery and defines quality criteria for reimbursement by statutory health insurances. However, the effects of seco...

    Authors: Martin Weigl, Jens Pietzner, Rebecca Kisch, Alexander Paulus, Volkmar Jansson and Eva Grill

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:595

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Here we compared the clinical efficacy of bilateral percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) and percutaneous curved kyphoplasty (PCKP) in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).

    Authors: Chen Wang, Yu Zhang, Wang Chen, Shi-Lei Yan, Kai-Jin Guo and Shuo Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:588

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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