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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    ASD is a relatively common degenerative alteration after cervical surgery which occurs above or below the fused segment. In addition, some patients may need reoperation to treat severe ASD after the primary su...

    Authors: Yijian Zhang, Yijie Shao, Hao Liu, Junxin Zhang, Fan He, Angela Chen, Huilin Yang and Bin Pi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:430

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Analgesic drugs are recommended to treat pain caused by osteoarthritis, and joint replacement should decrease the need for them. We aimed to determine the user rates of analgesic drugs before and after joint r...

    Authors: Tuomas J. Rajamäki Jr, Pia A. Puolakka, Aki Hietaharju, Teemu Moilanen and Esa Jämsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:427

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Intra-articular (IA) injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) (IA-HA) is a well-recognized treatment option for pain associated with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). IA-HA products differ in their HA content, mo...

    Authors: Keiji Yoshioka, Madoka Katayama, Takeo Nishiyama, Kohei Harada, Sawako Takeshita and Yuji Kawamata

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:424

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In obese patients, total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be technically demanding with increased perioperative risks. The aim of this prospective cohort study is to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on r...

    Authors: Bariq Al-Amiry, Georgios Pantelakis, Sarwar Mahmood, Bakir Kadum, Torkel B. Brismar and Arkan S. Sayed-Noor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:422

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Pain catastrophizing contributes to acute and long-term pain after knee arthroplasty (KA), but the association between pain catastrophizing and physical function is not clear.

    Authors: Sara Birch, Maiken Stilling, Inger Mechlenburg and Torben Bæk Hansen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:421

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Biomechanical changes in articular cartilage are associated with the onset of osteoarthritis. We developed an optical coherence tomography-based strain rate tomography method: stress relaxation optical coheren...

    Authors: Suguru Nakamura, Mitsuhiko Ikebuchi, Souichi Saeki, Daisuke Furukawa, Kumi Orita, Nobuo Niimi, Yoshito Tsukahara and Hiroaki Nakamura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:417

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Chronic low back pain (LBP) is common and associated with lumbar disc herniation. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the grade of lumbar disc degeneration correlates with the degree of lumbar mult...

    Authors: Cosmin Faur, Jenel M. Patrascu, Horia Haragus and Bogdan Anglitoiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:414

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Age of onset in symptomatic developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) varies. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether psychological factors, radiogr...

    Authors: Shawn Okpara, Paul Nakonezny and Joel Wells

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:412

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Developmental factors were assumed to be the key factors that influenced the morphology of femoral trochlea. This study investigated the effects of insufficient patellar stress after birth on the morphological...

    Authors: Guangmin Yang, Faquan Li, Jiangfeng Lu, Yingzhen Niu, Yike Dai, Lixiong Zuo, Gengshuang Tian and Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:411

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) occurs at a relatively younger age. It is therefore important to prevent the resultant femoral head collapse and requirement of total hip arthroplasty in the...

    Authors: Yohei Tomaru, Tomokazu Yoshioka, Hisashi Sugaya, Hiroshi Kumagai, Kojiro Hyodo, Katsuya Aoto, Hiroshi Wada, Hiroshi Akaogi, Masashi Yamazaki and Hajime Mishima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:410

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to compare radiological features between high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and tibial condylar valgus osteotomy (TCVO), in order to define the radiological indication criteria for TCVO.

    Authors: Takashi Higuchi, Hironobu Koseki, Akihiko Yonekura, Ko Chiba, Yusuke Nakazoe, Shinya Sunagawa, Chieko Noguchi and Makoto Osaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:409

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Fractures of the proximal and diaphyseal femur are frequently internally fixed using a fracture table. Moreover, some femoral neck fractures may be treated with total hip arthroplasty using a direct anterior a...

    Authors: Morad Mohamad, Alexandre Ansorge, Diogo Vieira Cardoso and Axel Gamulin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:406

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Postoperative neck tilt (PNT) is a phenomenon in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients which is distinct form shoulder imbalance. There were scarce studies performed to explore the risk factors for PN...

    Authors: Yilin Yang, Mingyuan Yang, Zongde Yang, Kai Chen, Jinyi Bai, Jian Zhao, Haijian Ni, Changwei Yang and Ming Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:405

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The Constant score (CS) is one of the most frequently applied tools for the assessment of the shoulder joint. However, evaluation of strength is not standardized leading to potential bias when comparing differ...

    Authors: Patrick Ziegler, Luise Kühle, Ulrich Stöckle, Elke Wintermeyer, Laura E. Stollhof, Christoph Ihle and Christian Bahrs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:403

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The lower limb joints, including hip and knee, are the most commonly involved joints in haemophilic arthropathy. With a higher risk of transfusion, total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) are still the f...

    Authors: Ze Yu Huang, Qiang Huang, Han Jiang Zeng, Jun Ma, Bin Shen, Zong Ke Zhou and Fu Xing Pei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:402

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Stress fracture of the lateral tubercle of the posterior talar process in runners is extremely rare. Here, we describe a case of a female long-distance runner who sustained a stress fracture of the lateral tub...

    Authors: Maya Kubo, Youichi Yasui, Shinya Miki, Hirotaka Kawano and Wataru Miyamoto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:401

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Thoracolumbar fractures are most frequent along the spine, and surgical treatment is indicated for unstable fractures. Percutaneous minimally invasive surgery was introduced to reduce the pain associated with ...

    Authors: Helton L. A. Defino, Herton R. T. Costa, Altacílio A. Nunes, Marcello Nogueira Barbosa and Valéria Romero

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:397

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Treatment of anterior cruciate ligament injuries commonly involves the use of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) artificial ligaments for reconstruction. However, the currently available methods require long fix...

    Authors: Takuya Egawa, Yusuke Inagaki, Manabu Akahane, Akira Furukawa, Kazuya Inoue, Munehiro Ogawa and Yasuhito Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:396

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The correlation between peripheral blood neutrophil level and osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) has not been extensively studied. Thus, we aimed to investigate the correlation between neutrophil level i...

    Authors: Jiang Jiang, Xuqiang Liu, Baojian Lai, Dengjiong Hu, Lizhen Lai, Jiaxiang Xu, Songqing Chen and Xiaofeng Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:393

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Subtrochanteric femur fractures (SFF) are uncommon, but have a high complication rate concerning non-union and mechanical complications. There is ongoing discussion about risk factors for delayed fracture heal...

    Authors: Viola Freigang, Franziska Gschrei, Himanshu Bhayana, Paul Schmitz, Johannes Weber, Maximilian Kerschbaum, Michael Nerlich and Florian Baumann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:391

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) for patients with degenerative lumbar disc herniation, stenosis or instability undergoing posterior lumbar fusi...

    Authors: Jianzhong Bai, Pei Zhang, Yuan Liang, Jingcheng Wang and Yongxiang Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:390

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Lithium, an established psychiatric medication, has recently been shown to enhance new bone formation in preclinical fracture models. Current research is focused on evaluating the efficacy of low-dose, short-t...

    Authors: Kathak Vachhani, Cari M. Whyne, Ayal Schaffer and Diane Nam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:389

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Ankle fractures cause considerable pain, loss of function and healthcare resource use. High quality randomised controlled trials are required to evaluate the optimal management protocols for ankle fracture. Ho...

    Authors: Rebecca McKeown, Abdul-Rasheed Rabiu, David R. Ellard and Rebecca S. Kearney

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:388

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  24. Content type: Research article

    This study evaluated the technical adequacy of trans-articular sacroiliac joint (SIJ) fusion using three screws for non-traumatic SIJ pain, considering different grades of sacral dysplasia.

    Authors: Soo-An Park, Dai-Soon Kwak and Ho-Jung Cho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:386

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is used increasingly in younger patients. There is little knowledge about the effect of THA characteristics on risk of revision, especially in young patients. Therefore, we studied...

    Authors: M. F. L. Kuijpers, G. Hannink, S. B. W. Vehmeijer, L. N. van Steenbergen and B. W. Schreurs

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:385

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Our hypothesis was that minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) using long philos plate (LPP) would show better clinical and radiological outcomes and less complications than narrow locking compression ...

    Authors: Jae-Jung Jeong, Sang-Eun Park, Hwan-Hee Lee, Jong-Hun Ji, Min-Sik Park and Yong-Taek Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:381

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  27. Content type: Research article

    At present, bicortical pedicle screws (BPSs) are not used clinically because they carry the potential risk of damaging the prevertebral great vessels (PGVs). The authors observed the anatomical relationship be...

    Authors: Liehua Liu, Haoming Wang, Jiangang Wang, Qian Wang, Shiming Cheng, Ying Li, Weidong Jin, Zili Wang and Qiang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:380

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Corticosteroid injection is frequently used for plantar heel pain (plantar fasciitis), although there is limited high-quality evidence to support this treatment. Therefore, this study reviewed randomised trial...

    Authors: Glen A. Whittaker, Shannon E. Munteanu, Hylton B. Menz, Daniel R. Bonanno, James M. Gerrard and Karl B. Landorf

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:378

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a rare complication that can occur between 12 and 72 h after the initial insult. Isolated cerebral FES without pulmonary symptoms is rarer. Early fracture fixation might prevent ...

    Authors: Chin-Kai Huang, Chih-Yuan Huang, Chia-Lung Li, Jui-Ming Yang, Chin-Hsien Wu, Chih-Hui Chen and Po-Ting Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:377

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and radiological severity have been identified to be independent predictors of a low rate of response to viscosupplementation (VS), in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Is that enough to formally...

    Authors: Thierry Conrozier, Florent Eymard, Mickael Chouk and Xavier Chevalier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:376

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow is a frequent condition with long-lasting symptoms. In order to identify predictors for treatment success and pain in lateral epicondylitis, we used data from a randomized...

    Authors: Øystein Holmedal, Morten Olaussen, Ibrahimu Mdala, Bård Natvig and Morten Lindbæk

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:375

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  32. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for mechanical failure of cement spacers and the impact on hip function after two-stage exchange arthroplasty for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI).

    Authors: Fu-Shine Yang, Yu-Der Lu, Cheng-Ta Wu, Kier Blevins, Mel S. Lee and Feng-Chih Kuo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:372

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  33. Content type: Research article

    A displaced femoral neck fracture (FNF) in patients 55-70 years is a serious injury with a high risk of treatment failure and the optimal surgical treatment remains unclear. We aimed to describe characteristic...

    Authors: Stefan Bartels, Jan-Erik Gjertsen, Frede Frihagen, Cecilia Rogmark and Stein Erik Utvåg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:371

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Scoliosis is a serious disease that can affect all segments of society. Few studies have investigated the response to vibration of differing sinusoidal axial cyclic loading frequencies for different forms of s...

    Authors: Shaowei Jia, Ye Li, Junde Xie, Tian Tian, Shunxin Zhang and Li Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:370

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) is widely used for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Facetectomy in PTED is necessary for accessing the intraspinal region and for decompressing ...

    Authors: Jingchi Li, Xiaoyu Zhang, Wenqiang Xu, Zhipeng Xi and Lin Xie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:369

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Reconstruction for large bone defect of distal tibia after wide resection of tumor is difficult, and the best option remains controversial. This study presents a novel “double-strut” fibula ankle arthrodesis f...

    Authors: Zhiqing Zhao, Taiqiang Yan, Xiaodong Tang, Wei Guo, Rongli Yang and Shun Tang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:367

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  37. Content type: Research article

    This study describes how patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis (OA), scheduled for arthroplasty, characterize their pain qualitatively and quantitatively and investigates whether differences exist in pain e...

    Authors: Josefina Skogö Nyvang, Josefine E. Naili, Maura D. Iversen, Eva W. Broström and Margareta Hedström

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:365

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The main purpose of this retrospective case series study was to evaluate long-term radiographic and clinical outcomes of a consecutive series of patients diagnosed with isolated, displaced, closed talar neck o...

    Authors: Carlo Biz, Nicolò Golin, Michele De Cicco, Nicola Maschio, Ilaria Fantoni, Antonio Frizziero, Elisa Belluzzi and Pietro Ruggieri

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:363

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Extramedullary systems are commonly used in knee arthroplasty, with the rod location being determined from the tibial torsion line during surgery. The traditional method for tibial torsion measurement is not i...

    Authors: Yeran Li, Yu-Hang Gao, Lu-Ding, Jianguo Liu, Chen Yang, Ming Li and Xin Qi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:361

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Strength testing of the serratus anterior muscle with hand held dynamometry (HDD) in supine subjects has low reproducibility, and is influenced by compensatory activity of other muscles like the pectoralis maj...

    Authors: Jos IJspeert, Hans C. J. W. Kerstens, Renske M. J. Janssen, Alexander C. H. Geurts, Nens van Alfen and Jan T. Groothuis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:360

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Despite advances in operative techniques and preoperative care, proximal femur fractures (PFF) still represent a great public health problem. Displacement and fracture stability have been assumed as important ...

    Authors: Mehdy Farhang, Sebastian Mukka, Ulrica Bergström, Olle Svensson and Arkan S. Sayed-Noor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:358

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    Scaphoid fractures are the most common carpal fractures. They often need to be treated by surgery, where the use of a compression screw is the globally accepted gold standard. Surgeons may choose between diffe...

    Authors: Sören Könneker, Katja Krockenberger, Claudia Pieh, Christian von Falck, Bernard Brandewiede, Peter M. Vogt, Martin H. Kirschner and Andreas Ziegler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:357

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Good outcomes have been reported in revision total hip replacement with massive segmental defects using impaction bone grafting with circumferential metal meshes. However, the morphology of defects that requir...

    Authors: Tohru Irie, Daisuke Takahashi, Tsuyoshi Asano, Tomohiro Shimizu, Ryuta Arai, Alaa Muhammad Terkawi, Yoichi M. Ito and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:355

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  44. Content type: Study protocol

    In the treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis (LE) no single intervention concerning injection therapies has been proven to be the most effective with regard to pain reduction. In this trial 3 injection therapies ...

    Authors: Renée Keijsers, P. Paul F. M. Kuijer, Koen L. M. Koenraadt, Michel P. J. van den Bekerom, Carina L. E. Gerritsma-Bleeker, Annechien Beumer, Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen and Denise Eygendaal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:351

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Superior shoulder dislocation is a rare type of shoulder dislocation. Its occurrence is thought to be associated with rupture of the deltoid; however, few reports are available on the mechanism of onset and th...

    Authors: Ryogo Furuhata, Yasuhiro Kiyota, Taiki Ikeda, Masaaki Takahashi, Hideo Morioka and Hiroshi Arino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:345

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Surgical treatment of radial head fractures is increasingly performed arthroscopically. These fractures often feature concomitant injuries to the elbow joint, which may be under-diagnosed in the radiological e...

    Authors: Florian Haasters, Tobias Helfen, Wolfgang Böcker, Hermann O. Mayr, Wolf Christian Prall and Andreas Lenich

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:343

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Tranexamic acid (TXA) is effective in reduction of hemorrhage after major surgical procedures. In total joint replacement it is commonly administered intravenously. Despite various studies regarding the safety...

    Authors: Eric Tille, Jonas Mysliwietz, Franziska Beyer, Anne Postler and Jörg Lützner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:341

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  48. Content type: Research article

    To compare the efficacy and safety of simultaneous vs staged unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) for bilateral unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee.

    Authors: Shuo Feng, Zhi Yang, Jian-Ning Sun, Liang Zhu, Song Wang, Kai-Jin Guo, Xiang-Yang Chen and Guo-Chun Zha

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:340

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