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Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. A method that can accurately predict the outcome of surgery can give patients timely feedback. In addition, to some extent, an objective evaluation method can help the surgeon quickly summarize the patient’s s...

    Authors: Ziming Chen, Zhantao Deng, Qingtian Li, Junfeng Chen, Yuanchen Ma and Qiujian Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:518

    Content type: Research article

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  2. One of the most significant complications after a femoral neck fracture is osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The concomitant use of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with computed tomo...

    Authors: Jae Youn Yoon, Soong Joon Lee, Kang Sup Yoon and Pil Whan Yoon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:517

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The impact of handedness on clinical outcomes was easily overlooked in hip replacement. This study aimed to find whether the component positioning and hip function were affected by the handedness in total hip ...

    Authors: Xiangpeng Kong, Minzhi Yang, Alvin Ong, Renwen Guo, Jiying Chen, Yan Wang and Wei Chai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:516

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Vertebroplasty with posterior spinal fusion (VP + PSF) is one of the most widely accepted surgical techniques for treating osteoporotic vertebral collapse (OVC). Nevertheless, the effect of the extent of fusio...

    Authors: Yuya Ishikawa, Kei Watanabe, Keiichi Katsumi, Masayuki Ohashi, Yohei Shibuya, Tomohiro Izumi, Toru Hirano, Naoto Endo, Takashi Kaito, Tomoya Yamashita, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Yukitaka Nagamoto, Yuji Matsuoka, Hidekazu Suzuki, Hirosuke Nishimura, Hidetomi Terai…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:513

    Content type: Research article

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  5. To demonstrate the correlation between guide pin-shaft angle (PSA) at the anteroposterior film and anteversion angle of guide pin at the lateral film and investigate whether excellent tip–apex distance (TAD) c...

    Authors: Zhe Wang, Yadong Liu, Shenglong Li, Xiuhui Wang, Changjian Liu and Xin Tang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:512

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Our preliminary RNA-Seq data revealed altered expression of small nucleolar RNA host gene 9 (SNHG9) in osteoarthritis (OA) and its reverse correlation with miR-34a, which can regulate chondrocyte apoptosis in ...

    Authors: Hongfei Zhang, Jinglian Li, Weiguang Shao and Naipeng Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:511

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Ti-Ni shape-memory patella concentrator (TNSMPC) has been designed as an alternative approach for fixation of patella fracture, which has some advantages like higher hardness, higher tenacity, better wearing r...

    Authors: Chen Yao, Jie Sun, Jiancheng Wu, Zhenyu Zhou, Fan Liu, Ran Tao and Yafeng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:506

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Articular surface damage commonly associated with rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Large osteochondral defect, which consists of a severe depression fracture and a large cartilage defect, need ...

    Authors: Takuma Kaibara, Eiji Kondo, Masatake Matsuoka, Koji Iwasaki, Tomohiro Onodera, Daisuke Momma, Naoki Seito, Susumu Mikami and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:494

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Most patients suffering from distal femoral unicameral bone cysts (UBCs) are adolescents that require an early return to normal activities, including school attendance and sports exercises. However, the optima...

    Authors: Jin Li, Saroj Rai, Renhao Ze, Xin Tang, Ruikang Liu and Pan Hong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:503

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The traditional Tönnis Classification System has inherent drawbacks as it is vulnerable to the subjectivity of a four-grade system. A two-grade classification could potentially be more reliable. The purpose of...

    Authors: Jacob Shapira, Jeffrey W. Chen, Rishika Bheem, Philip J. Rosinsky, David R. Maldonado, Ajay C. Lall and Benjamin G. Domb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:502

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The HIF-1α/Notch signaling pathway regulates cell proliferation, apoptosis, and metabolism in the intervertebral discs (IVDs) and is implicated in disc degeneration. The nucleus pulposus (NP) is an important s...

    Authors: Zekang Xiong, Jun Ding, Jinge Zhou, Sheng Yao, Jin Zheng and Xiaodong Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:500

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Greater accuracy is needed when determining the final femoral component (FC) rotation during total knee arthroplasty (TKA), because this parameter affects soft tissue balance during flexion and patellar tracki...

    Authors: Teruyuki Miyasaka, Mitsuru Saito, Daisaburo Kurosaka, Ryo Ikeda, Shoki Yamanaka and Keishi Marumo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:498

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The treatment of Hoffa fractures is challenging, for which the ideal fixation and approach are still controversial. Osteosynthesis with plate or screws fixation in different trajectories have been described in...

    Authors: Shu-Hsin Yao, Wei-Ren Su, Kai-Lan Hsu, Yueh Chen, Chih-Kai Hong and Fa-Chuan Kuan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:497

    Content type: Research article

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  14. This retrospective study sought to delineate the radiographic characteristics of DDH patients over 13 years of age and investigate whether the lateral center-edge angle (LCEA) could serve as radiographic selec...

    Authors: Daguang Zhang, Xin Pan, Hong Zhang, Dianzhong Luo, Hui Cheng and Kai Xiao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:493

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment neuropathy that can be provoked by either intrinsic or extrinsic factors that compresses the posterior tibial nerve beneath the flexor retinaculum. Osteochondroma, the m...

    Authors: Sung Hun Won, Jahyung Kim, Tae-Hong Min, Dong-Il Chun, Young Yi, Sang Hak Han and Jaeho Cho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:491

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Wound healing complications are causal factors of prosthesis infection and poor postoperative evolution of patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) can be an option ...

    Authors: Camilo Partezani Helito, Marcel Faraco Sobrado, Pedro Nogueira Giglio, Marcelo Batista Bonadio, José Ricardo Pécora, Marco Kawamura Demange and Riccardo Gomes Gobbi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:490

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Altered walking patterns are often described in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Contemporary treatment paradigms recommend backward walking (BW) to improve locomotion in people with musculosk...

    Authors: Tharani Balasukumaran, Uri Gottlieb and Shmuel Springer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:489

    Content type: Research article

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  18. For various reasons, some elderly patients with femoral neck fracture undergo delayed surgical treatment. There is little information about the effect of delayed treatment on postoperative hip function and qua...

    Authors: Jidong Song, Gensheng Zhang, Jialin Liang, Chuanyi Bai, Xiaoqian Dang, Kunzheng Wang, Caiyou He and Ruiyu Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:487

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The objective of this study was to explore the relationships between claw toe deformity, peripheral neuropathy, intrinsic muscle volume, and plantar aponeurosis thickness using computed tomography (CT) images ...

    Authors: Tadashi Kimura, Eric D. Thorhauer, Matthew W. Kindig, Jane B. Shofer, Bruce J. Sangeorzan and William R. Ledoux

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:485

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Postoperative epidural haematoma and wound infection can cause devastating neurological damage in spinal surgery. Closed drainage is a common method to prevent epidural haematoma, infection and related neurolo...

    Authors: Hua Guo, Biao Wang, Zhaohua Ji, Xi Gao, Yuting Zhang, Li Yuan and Dingjun Hao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:484

    Content type: Research article

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  21. This study was conducted to compare differences in imaging features and clinical symptoms between patients with single-level isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS) at L4 and at L5 and to investigate the correlation be...

    Authors: Shaoli Zheng, Zhaoming Zhong, Qingan Zhu, Zongze Li, Siyuan Zhu, Xinqiang Yao, Shuai Zheng, Congrui Liao, Yongjian Zhu and Jianting Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:483

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) reduces pain and improves function in those suffering from severe osteoarthritis. A significant cost of TKA is post-acute care, however, current evidence suggests that discharge t...

    Authors: Larissa Sattler, Wayne Hing, Evelyne Rathbone and Christopher Vertullo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:481

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Meniscal repair has received increasing attention, but for inexperienced doctors, unilateral suture anchor pulling out may occur during all-inside meniscal repair, and the treatment outcome may be affected. Wh...

    Authors: Jianlong Ni, Zhibin Shi, Lihong Fan, Ning Guo, Haoyu Wang, Xiaoqian Dang and Dichen Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:480

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of an individual navigation template for the deep pin position on the iliac crest, based on digital design and 3D printing technology.

    Authors: Bin Liang, Qiang Chen, Shuai Liu, Shuo Chen, Qingqiang Yao, Bo Wei, Yan Xu, Cheng Tang and Liming Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:478

    Content type: Technical advance

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  25. Three-dimensional idiopathic scoliosis cannot be accurately assessed with the aid of a single plane parameter – the Cobb angle. We propose a novel method for evaluating the three-dimensional (3D) pattern of sc...

    Authors: Paweł Główka, Wojciech Politarczyk, Piotr Janusz, Łukasz Woźniak and Tomasz Kotwicki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:475

    Content type: Technical advance

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  26. To investigate in the conventional techniques of the pedicle screws using triggered screw electromyography (t-EMG), considering different threshold cutoffs: 10, 15, 20 25 mA, for predicting pedicle screw posit...

    Authors: Carlos Eduardo Barsotti, Bruno Moreira Gavassi, Francisco Eugenio Prado, Bernardo Nogueira Batista, Raphael de Resende Pratali, Ana Paula Ribeiro, Carlos Eduardo Soares de Oliveira and Ricardo Rodrigues Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:473

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Although the measurement of coronal alignment of the lower limb on conventional full-length weight-bearing anteroposterior (FLWAP) radiographs was reported to be influenced by the knee joint rotation, no compa...

    Authors: Hyun-Soo Moon, Chong-Hyuk Choi, Min Jung, Dae-Young Lee, Jung-Hwan Kim and Sung-Hwan Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:470

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Two types of screw trajectories are commonly used in lumbar surgery. Both traditional trajectory (TT) and cortical bone trajectory (CBT) were shown to provide equivalent pull-out strengths of a screw. CBT util...

    Authors: Che-Wei Liu, Lu-Lin Wang, Yu-Kun Xu, Chun-Ming Chen, Jian-Cyuan Wang, Wei-Tsung Tsai and Shang-Chih Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:463

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Intramedullary nails have become the main treatment for intertrochanteric fractures. However, a distal locking procedure during nailing gradually raised controversy. In this study, a systematic review and meta...

    Authors: Yan-Hui Li, Tiecheng Yu, Wenjing Shao, Yanwei Liu, Dong Zhu and Lei Tan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:461

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is commonly used for cement-augmented pedicle screw instrumentation (CAPSI) to improve the fixation stability and reduce the risk of screw loosening in the osteoporotic thoracolum...

    Authors: Hui-zhi Guo, Shun-cong Zhang, Dan-qing Guo, Yan-huai Ma, Kai Yuan, Yong-xian Li, Jian-cheng Peng, Jing-lan Li, De Liang and Yong-chao Tang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:460

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Arthroscopic excision has currently become popular for the treatment of wrist ganglions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes and cost effectiveness of arthroscopic wrist ganglion ...

    Authors: Cheng-Yo Yen, Ching-Hou Ma, Chin-Hsien Wu, Shih-Chieh Yang, I-Ming Jou and Yuan-Kun Tu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:459

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) has been demonstrated, in clinical trials, as an effective and safe treatment for patients diagnosed with radiculopathy and/or myelopathy. However, the current CDA indication c...

    Authors: Ting-kui Wu, Hao Liu, Chen Ding, Xin Rong, Jun-bo He, Kang-kang Huang, Ying Hong and Bei-yu Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:457

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Spinal deformities constitute one of the most common types of manifestations of neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF-1), which can lead to either dystrophic or non-dystrophic early-onset scoliosis (EOS). Surgical trea...

    Authors: Siyi Cai, Liqiang Cui, Guixing Qiu, Jianxiong Shen and Jianguo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:455

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Complicated acetabular fractures comprise the most challenging field for orthopedists. The purpose of this study was to develop three-dimensional printed patient-specific (3DPPS) Ti-6Al-4 V plates to treat com...

    Authors: Canbin Wang, Yuhui Chen, Liping Wang, Di Wang, Cheng Gu, Xuezhi Lin, Han Liu, Jiahui Chen, Xiangyuan Wen, Yuancheng Liu, Fuming Huang, Lufeng Yao, Shicai Fan, Wenhua Huang and Jianghui Dong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:451

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There is an ongoing debate regarding optimal fixation of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), however cost has not been addressed as profoundly. Therefore, the current study primarily aimed to compare costs and cost...

    Authors: R. Rassir, P. A. Nolte, J. C. T. van der Lugt, R. G. H. H. Nelissen, I. N. Sierevelt and W. C. Verra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:448

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The use of Oxford Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty (UKA) has increased rapidly in both Western and Asian populations, with excellent functional outcomes and high patient satisfaction. While previous evidence...

    Authors: Jingbo Cheng, Mingli Feng, Guanglei Cao, Zheng Li, Shuai An and Shibao Lu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:446

    Content type: Research article

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  37. To compare the clinical results of all-inside anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using suspensory cortical button fixation and full tibial tunnel drilling.

    Authors: Chun-Wei Fu, Wei-Cheng Chen and Yung-Chang Lu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:445

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Through the comparison of three-dimensional CT reconstruction between the supine position and the prone position, the relative position of thoracolumbar great vessels and vertebral body was studied, and the sh...

    Authors: Chao Xu, Qingxian Hou, Yanchen CHU, Xiuling Huang, Wenjiu Yang, Jinglong Ma and Zhijie Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:444

    Content type: Research article

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  39. American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification system and its association with postoperative outcomes has been studied in different diseases. However, there is a paucity of studies...

    Authors: Fitsum Sebsibe Teni, Kristina Burström, Jenny Berg, Reiner Leidl and Ola Rolfson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:441

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Many patients with cervical radiculopathy experience stenosis of the neural foramens due to cumulative osteophyte or uncovertebral joint hypertrophy. For cervical foraminal stenosis, complete uncinate process ...

    Authors: Sung Hyun Noh, Jeong Yoon Park, Sung Uk Kuh, Dong Kyu Chin, Keun Su Kim, Yong Eun Cho and Kyung Hyun Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:439

    Content type: Research article

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  41. This study compares the use of radiographic K-Rod dynamic stabilization to the rigid system for the treatment of multisegmental degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (MDLSS).

    Authors: Chaohua Fu, Tianjun Chen, Yuhao Yang, Hua Yang, Maohui Diao, Guowei Zhang, Zhisheng Ji and Hongsheng Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:437

    Content type: Research article

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  42. congenital posteromedial bowing of tibia (CPMBT) is a very rare birth defect, characterized by shortened bowed leg and ankle deformity. We described a single institution experience in the management of CPMBT.

    Authors: Giovanni Luigi Di Gennaro, Giovanni Gallone, Edgar Alejandro Martinez Vazquez, Leonardo Marchesini Reggiani, Costantina Racano, Eleonora Olivotto, Stefano Stilli and Giovanni Trisolino

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:430

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common form of spinal deformity in children and adolescents which presents as complex three-dimensional (3D) deformity of the spine and rib cage. This study ai...

    Authors: Long Chen, Zeyu Sun, Jingming He, Yunwen Xu, Zhuhai Li, Qian Zou and Bo Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:427

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Articular cartilage has a high-weight-bearing area and a low-weight-bearing area, the macroscopic elastic moduli of the two regions are different. Chondrocytes are affected by the applied force at the microsco...

    Authors: Jiang-Bo Guo, Ting Liang, Yan-Jun Che, Hui-Lin Yang and Zong-Ping Luo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:425

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The role of altered joint mechanics on cartilage degeneration in in vivo models has not been studied successfully due to a lack of pre-injury information. We aimed 1) to develop an accurate in vivo canine mode...

    Authors: Dokwan Lee, Ki-Taek Hong, Tae Seong Lim, Eugene Lee, Ye Hyun Lee, Ji Soon Park, Woo Kim, Joo Han Oh, Jung-Ah Choi and Yongnam Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:424

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and complications between laminectomy and fusion (LF) and laminoplasty (LP) for multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) with increased signal intens...

    Authors: Xin He, Jia Nan Zhang, Tuan Jiang Liu and Ding Jun Hao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:423

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Although double-plate fixation (DP), i.e., fixation with a combination of a main lateral plate (LP) and a support medial plate (MP), is a relatively mature method for treating femoral shaft non-union with bone...

    Authors: Jian Lu, Qi-Yang Wang, Jia-Gen Sheng, Shang-Chun Guo and Shi-Cong Tao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:421

    Content type: Research article

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