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Epidemiology of musculoskeletal disorders

This section concerns all aspects of the epidemiology of musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: cohort studies, genetic association studies, and prevalence studies.

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  1. The association between the weight of school bag and Low Back Pain (LBP) amongst students remains under intense debate worldwide. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of LBP amongst public high school s...

    Authors: Fatemah Akbar, Muneera AlBesharah, Jumana Al-Baghli, Farah Bulbul, Dana Mohammad, Bann Qadoura and Abdullah Al-Taiar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:37

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Physical activity in adolescence is promoted for its multi-dimensional health benefits. However, too intensive sports participation is associated with an increased injury risk. Our aim was to compare the occur...

    Authors: L. Ristolainen, K. Toivo, J. Parkkari, S. Kokko, L. Alanko, O. J. Heinonen, R. Korpelainen, K. Savonen, H. Selänne, T. Vasankari, L. Kannas, J. Villberg and U. M. Kujala

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:32

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Very little is known about the burden of chronic low back pain in Africa. This study aimed at assessing disability and associated factors in chronic low back patients in Cameroon.

    Authors: Marie Doualla, Jeannine Aminde, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Fernando Kemta Lekpa, Felix Mangan Kwedi, Emmanuel Vubo Yenshu and Alain Mefire Chichom

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Shoulder and neck pain are reported as the most common occupational-related health problem and cause of morbidity, absenteeism from work among school teachers worldwide. School teachers represent an occupation...

    Authors: Melaku Hailu Temesgen, Gashaw Jember Belay, Asmare Yitayeh Gelaw, Balamurugan Janakiraman and Yaregal Animut

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:18

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Prior studies suggest that fish may be protective for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk perhaps through the anti-inflammatory effect of omega-3 fatty acid, but this relationship has not been clearly established. ...

    Authors: Jeffrey A. Sparks, Éilis J. O’Reilly, Medha Barbhaiya, Sara K. Tedeschi, Susan Malspeis, Bing Lu, Walter C. Willett, Karen H. Costenbader and Elizabeth W. Karlson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:2

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The ankle fracture is one of the most common fractures, increasing in an ageing population, but not generally seen as an osteoporotic fracture. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between dif...

    Authors: Hans Juto, Helena Nilsson and Per Morberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:441

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Osteoporosis is a major health concern for both men and women, and associated fractures incur substantial economic burden. While there are a multitude of studies on bone mineral density (BMD) and liver disease...

    Authors: Ho Jeong Do, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-riong Kim, Dongwoo Nam, Eun-Jung Kim, Yeoncheol Park, Kristin Suhr and In-Hyuk Ha

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:410

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Valid and reliable patient-reported outcome measures support health professionals in evaluating the results of clinical research and practice. The Copenhagen Neck Functional Disability Scale (CNFDS) has shown ...

    Authors: Domenico Angilecchia, Maura Mezzetti, Alessandro Chiarotto, Antonella Daugenti, Giuseppe Giovannico and Francesca Bonetti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:409

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Hip fractures are a common problem in the ageing population. Hip arthroplasty is the common treatment option for displaced intracapsular neck of femur fractures. Even though hip replacements are successful in ...

    Authors: Szilard Nemes, Dennis Lind, Peter Cnudde, Erik Bülow, Ola Rolfson and Cecilia Rogmark

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:407

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with worsening physical function and a high prevalence of comorbid health conditions. In particular, cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is higher in individuals with OA than th...

    Authors: Michela Corsi, Carolina Alvarez, Leigh F. Callahan, Rebecca J. Cleveland, Yvonne M. Golightly, Joanne M. Jordan, Amanda E. Nelson, Jordan Renner, Allen Tsai and Kelli D. Allen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:393

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Although “non-specific” in 90% of cases, low back pain (LBP) is often treated as an independent entity, even though comorbidities are commonly associated with it. There is evidence that some LBP may be related...

    Authors: Shanthi Ramanathan, Peter Hibbert, Louise Wiles, Christopher G. Maher and William Runciman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:391

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Previous research suggests that sleep problems may be an important predictor for chronic widespread pain (CWP). With this study we investigated both sleep problems and fatigue as predictors for the onset of CW...

    Authors: Katarina Aili, Maria Andersson, Ann Bremander, Emma Haglund, Ingrid Larsson and Stefan Bergman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:390

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Intervertebral disk degeneration (IDD) is a common musculoskeletal disease associated with genetic factors. COL9A3 gene encodes the α3 (IX) chain of type IX collagen that is part of the interior structure of the ...

    Authors: Donghua Huang, Xiangyu Deng, Kaige Ma, Fashuai Wu, Deyao Shi, Hang Liang, Sheng Chen and Zengwu Shao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:381

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Few reports have explored the extent to which physical activity is affected by pain severity in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients. We used national representative data to investigate the physical activity of ...

    Authors: Hye-Young Shim, Mira Park, Hee-June Kim, Hee-Soo Kyung and Ji-Yeon Shin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:380

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Musculoskeletal injuries are the main cause of premature discharge from military service and can sometimes lead to permanent disabilities. Some intrinsic risk factors are well discussed in the literature. Howe...

    Authors: Mauro A. S. Melloni, Josiel De Almeida Ávila, Mauro Alexandre Páscoa, Camila Justino De Oliveira Barbeta, Vagner Xavier Cirolini, Ezequiel M. Gonçalves and Gil Guerra-Júnior

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:377

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Overuse injuries (OI) are common in elite athletics. Previous studies have had athletes self-report injuries rather than having a medical professional provide a clear diagnosis. This might be a major reason fo...

    Authors: Andreas Lundberg Zachrisson, Pia Desai, Jon Karlsson, Elias Johanesson and Stefan Grau

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:370

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. Hip fractures are a major worldwide public health problem and includes two main types of fractures: the intracapsular (cervical) and the extracapsular (trochanteric and subtrochanteric) fractures. The aim of t...

    Authors: Leif Mattisson, Alicja Bojan and Anders Enocson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:369

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Poor general health predicts the transition to chronic back pain (CBP), but the role of specific medical conditions in the development of CBP is unclear. The study aim was to examine the association of medical...

    Authors: Pradeep Suri, Edward J. Boyko, Sean D. Rundell, Nicholas L. Smith and Jack Goldberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:362

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Approximately one in five patients undergoing knee replacement surgery experience chronic pain after their operation, which can negatively impact on their quality of life. In order to develop and evaluate inte...

    Authors: Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva, Sara Khalid, Vikki Wylde, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Anushka Soni and Andrew Judge

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:354

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of postinjection paralysis (PIP) and gluteal fibrosis (GF) among children treated in a rural Ugandan Hospital.

    Authors: Kristin Alves, Norgrove Penny, John Ekure, Robert Olupot, Olive Kobusingye, Jeffrey N. Katz and Coleen S. Sabatini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:343

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The Pain Coping Skills Training for African Americans with OsteoaRTthritis (STAART) trial is examining the effectiveness of a culturally enhanced pain coping skills training (CST) program for African Americans wi...

    Authors: Kelli D. Allen, Liubov Arbeeva, Crystal W. Cené, Cynthia J. Coffman, Kimberlea F. Grimm, Erin Haley, Francis J. Keefe, Caroline T. Nagle, Eugene Z. Oddone, Tamara J. Somers, Yashika Watkins and Lisa C. Campbell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:337

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Cervical spondylosis adversely affects life quality for its heavy disease burden. The report on the community-based prevalence and associated factors of cervical spondylosis is rare, especially in Chinese popu...

    Authors: Yanwei Lv, Wei Tian, Dafang Chen, Yajun Liu, Lifang Wang and Fangfang Duan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:325

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Big data research is important for studying uncommon diseases in real-world settings. Most big data studies in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) have been limited to populations identified with billing codes for...

    Authors: Jessica A. Walsh, Shaobo Pei, Gopi K. Penmetsa, Jianwei Leng, Grant W. Cannon, Daniel O. Clegg and Brian C. Sauer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:317

    Content type: Research article

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  24. While low back pain is a common presenting complaint in the emergency department, current estimates from Canada are limited. Furthermore, existing estimates do not clearly define low back pain. As such, our ma...

    Authors: Jordan Edwards, Jill Hayden, Mark Asbridge and Kirk Magee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:306

    Content type: Research article

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  25. This study aimed to a) describe the prevalence of knee and hip osteoarthritis risk factors in a population of 29–59 year old individuals, b) estimate the association between persistent knee/hip pain and osteoa...

    Authors: Joyce A. C. van Tunen, George Peat, Alessio Bricca, Lars B. Larsen, Jens Søndergaard, Trine Thilsing, Ewa M. Roos and Jonas B. Thorlund

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:300

    Content type: Research article

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  26. There have been fewer improvements in the clinical outcomes of adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer than for children and older adults, possibly because fewer studies focus on patients in this...

    Authors: Takashi Fukushima, Koichi Ogura, Toru Akiyama, Katsushi Takeshita and Akira Kawai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:297

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To use Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to characterize the severity, location, prevalence, and demographics of shoulder injuries in athletes at the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympic Games.

    Authors: Akira M. Murakami, Andrew J. Kompel, Lars Engebretsen, Xinning Li, Bruce B. Forster, Michel D. Crema, Daichi Hayashi, Mohamed Jarraya, Frank W. Roemer and Ali Guermazi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:296

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of pain and disability. NICE OA guidelines (2008) recommend that patients with OA should be offered core treatments in primary care. Assessments of OA management have ide...

    Authors: Emma Louise Healey, Ebenezer K. Afolabi, Martyn Lewis, John J. Edwards, Kelvin P. Jordan, Andrew Finney, Clare Jinks, Elaine M. Hay and Krysia S. Dziedzic

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:295

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are common and the biggest global cause of physical disability. The objective of the current study was to estimate the population prevalence of MSK-related pain using a standar...

    Authors: D. G. Hoy, T. Raikoti, E. Smith, A. Tuzakana, T. Gill, K. Matikarai, J. Tako, A. Jorari, F. Blyth, A. Pitaboe, R. Buchbinder, I. Kalauma, P. Brooks, C. Lepers, A. Woolf, A. Briggs…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:292

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Lower extremity joint contractures have negative effects on gait in children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Thus, contracture prevention is essential for maintaining a patient’s functional ability and...

    Authors: Young-Ah Choi, Seong-Min Chun, Yale Kim and Hyung-Ik Shin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:287

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Ethiopian school children often carry school supplies in heavy school bags and encounter limited school facilities. This stresses their vulnerable musculoskeletal system and may result in experiencing musculos...

    Authors: Manayesh Delele, Balamurugan Janakiraman, Abey Bekele Abebe, Ararso Tafese and Alexander T. M. van de Water

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:276

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Developed in the Norway, the Measure of Activity Performance of the Hand (MAP-Hand) assesses 18 activities performed using the hands. It was developed for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using patient ge...

    Authors: Yeliz Prior, Alan Tennant, Sarah Tyson, Ingvild Kjeken and Alison Hammond

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:275

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Calcaneal apophysitis is a common clinical entity affecting children and adolescents. It is also known as Sever’s disease. Heel pain without a recent trauma is the primary manifestation. There are limited stud...

    Authors: H. H. Ceylan and B. Caypinar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:267

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Congenital limb deficiency is a rare and intractable disease, which impairs both function and appearance of the limbs. To establish adequate medical care, it is necessary to reveal the actual conditions and pr...

    Authors: Hiroshi Mano, Sayaka Fujiwara, Kazuyuki Takamura, Hiroshi Kitoh, Shinichiro Takayama, Tsutomu Ogata, Shuji Hashimoto and Nobuhiko Haga

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:262

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Obesity and musculoskeletal pain are strongly related, but there is emerging evidence that body fat, not body weight, may be a better indicator of risk. There is, therefore, a need to determine if body fat is ...

    Authors: Tom P. Walsh, John B. Arnold, Angela M. Evans, Alison Yaxley, Raechel A. Damarell and E. Michael Shanahan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:233

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Bisphosphonates are a class of drugs that slow bone loss and are a promising candidate to treat knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. In a pilot study, we demonstrated that zoledronic acid reduced knee pain and s...

    Authors: Dawn Aitken, Laura L. Laslett, Guoqi Cai, Catherine Hill, Lyn March, Anita E. Wluka, Yuanyuan Wang, Leigh Blizzard, Flavia Cicuttini and Graeme Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:217

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Deep vein thrombosis is a well-known complication of fracture occurrence, lower limb surgery and periods of prolonged immobilisation. Its incidence can be increased even more in specific cases with metastatic ...

    Authors: Mihail-Lazar Mioc, Radu Prejbeanu, Dinu Vermesan, Horia Haragus, Marius Niculescu, Daniel Laurentiu Pop, Andrei Dan Balanescu, Daniel Malita and Bogdan Deleanu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:213

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Not much is known about the characteristics, course and prognosis of complaints of arm, neck and/or shoulder that have not been caused by a trauma or systemic disease (CANS), in a screened population. This stu...

    Authors: Vivian E. J. Bruls, Nicole W. H. Jansen, Sander M. J. van Kuijk, IJmert Kant and Caroline H. G. Bastiaenen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:208

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Hip fracture patients in general are elderly and they often have comorbidities that may necessitate anticoagulation treatment, such as warfarin. It has been emphasized that these patients benefit from surgery ...

    Authors: Leif Mattisson, Lasse J. Lapidus and Anders Enocson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:203

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Low back pain (LBP) remains a common health problem and one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal conditions found among developed and developing nations. The following paper reports on an updated search of th...

    Authors: Linzette Deidrè Morris, Kurt John Daniels, Bhaswati Ganguli and Quinette Abegail Louw

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:196

    Content type: Research article

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  41. There is consistent evidence from observational studies of an association between occupational lifting and carrying of heavy loads and the diagnosis of hip osteoarthritis. However, due to the heterogeneity of ...

    Authors: Andreas Seidler, Laura Lüben, Janice Hegewald, Ulrich Bolm-Audorff, Annekatrin Bergmann, Falk Liebers, Christina Ramdohr, Karla Romero Starke, Alice Freiberg and Susanne Unverzagt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Computed tomography (CT) analyses have reported that the prevalence of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in Japan is 8.7–27.1%. However, these data were obtained using chest-abdominal CT, and no ...

    Authors: Akihiko Hiyama, Hiroyuki Katoh, Daisuke Sakai, Masato Sato, Masahiro Tanaka and Masahiko Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:178

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The relationships between radiographic hallux valgus (HV) and various physical functions independent of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) were examined among residents of a mountain village in Japan.

    Authors: Akinobu Nishimura, Naoya Ito, Shigeto Nakazora, Ko Kato, Toru Ogura and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:174

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Cartilage calcification (CC) is associated with osteoarthritis (OA) in weight-bearing joints, such as the hip and the knee. However, little is known about the impact of CC and degeneration on other weight-bear...

    Authors: Jan Hubert, Lukas Weiser, Sandra Hischke, Annemarie Uhlig, Tim Rolvien, Tobias Schmidt, Sebastian Karl Butscheidt, Klaus Püschel, Wolfgang Lehmann, Frank Timo Beil and Thelonius Hawellek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:169

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Nonspecific low back pain is characterized by a wide range of possible triggering and conserving factors, and initial screening needs to scope widely with multilevel addressment of possible factors contributin...

    Authors: Monica Unsgaard-Tøndel, Ingunn Gunnes Kregnes, Tom I. L. Nilsen, Gunn Hege Marchand and Torunn Askim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:166

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Previous studies that have described the prevalence of patellofemoral pain (PFP) have been limited to samples of military personnel or sporting populations, and convincing data in the general Chinese populatio...

    Authors: Xingquan Xu, Chen Yao, Rui Wu, Wenjin Yan, Yao Yao, Kai Song, Qing Jiang and Dongquan Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:165

    Content type: Research article

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  47. A stress fracture (SF) is a highly debilitating injury commonly experienced in United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT). Body fat (BF) may be associated with this injury but previous investigations (in a...

    Authors: Joseph J. Knapik, Marilyn A. Sharp and Scott J. Montain

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:161

    Content type: Research article

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  48. The physical and biochemical factors responsible for cervical disc degeneration, and resulting in various spinal disorders, remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between cervical spinal ...

    Authors: Kanichiro Wada, Toshihiro Tanaka, Gentaro Kumagai, Hitoshi Kudo, Toru Asari, Daisuke Chiba, Seiya Ota, Keita Kamei, On Takeda, Shigeyuki Nakaji and Yasuyuki Ishibashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:153

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Clinical evidence shows knee arthroscopy has little benefit for degenerative conditions and considerable variation in the incidence of knee arthroscopy in Australia has been identified. This study aimed to eva...

    Authors: H. Y. Chen, I. A. Harris, K. Sutherland and J-F. Levesque

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:148

    Content type: Research article

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