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Epidemiology of musculoskeletal disorders

Section edited by Anita Wluka

This section concerns all aspects of the epidemiology of musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: cohort studies, genetic association studies, and prevalence studies.

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  1. Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are common and the biggest global cause of physical disability. The objective of the current study was to estimate the population prevalence of MSK-related pain using a standar...

    Authors: D. G. Hoy, T. Raikoti, E. Smith, A. Tuzakana, T. Gill, K. Matikarai, J. Tako, A. Jorari, F. Blyth, A. Pitaboe, R. Buchbinder, I. Kalauma, P. Brooks, C. Lepers, A. Woolf, A. Briggs…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:292

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Ethiopian school children often carry school supplies in heavy school bags and encounter limited school facilities. This stresses their vulnerable musculoskeletal system and may result in experiencing musculos...

    Authors: Manayesh Delele, Balamurugan Janakiraman, Abey Bekele Abebe, Ararso Tafese and Alexander T. M. van de Water

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:276

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Developed in the Norway, the Measure of Activity Performance of the Hand (MAP-Hand) assesses 18 activities performed using the hands. It was developed for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using patient ge...

    Authors: Yeliz Prior, Alan Tennant, Sarah Tyson, Ingvild Kjeken and Alison Hammond

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:275

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Calcaneal apophysitis is a common clinical entity affecting children and adolescents. It is also known as Sever’s disease. Heel pain without a recent trauma is the primary manifestation. There are limited stud...

    Authors: H. H. Ceylan and B. Caypinar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:267

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Congenital limb deficiency is a rare and intractable disease, which impairs both function and appearance of the limbs. To establish adequate medical care, it is necessary to reveal the actual conditions and pr...

    Authors: Hiroshi Mano, Sayaka Fujiwara, Kazuyuki Takamura, Hiroshi Kitoh, Shinichiro Takayama, Tsutomu Ogata, Shuji Hashimoto and Nobuhiko Haga

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:262

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Obesity and musculoskeletal pain are strongly related, but there is emerging evidence that body fat, not body weight, may be a better indicator of risk. There is, therefore, a need to determine if body fat is ...

    Authors: Tom P. Walsh, John B. Arnold, Angela M. Evans, Alison Yaxley, Raechel A. Damarell and E. Michael Shanahan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:233

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Bisphosphonates are a class of drugs that slow bone loss and are a promising candidate to treat knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. In a pilot study, we demonstrated that zoledronic acid reduced knee pain and s...

    Authors: Dawn Aitken, Laura L. Laslett, Guoqi Cai, Catherine Hill, Lyn March, Anita E. Wluka, Yuanyuan Wang, Leigh Blizzard, Flavia Cicuttini and Graeme Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:217

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Deep vein thrombosis is a well-known complication of fracture occurrence, lower limb surgery and periods of prolonged immobilisation. Its incidence can be increased even more in specific cases with metastatic ...

    Authors: Mihail-Lazar Mioc, Radu Prejbeanu, Dinu Vermesan, Horia Haragus, Marius Niculescu, Daniel Laurentiu Pop, Andrei Dan Balanescu, Daniel Malita and Bogdan Deleanu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:213

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Not much is known about the characteristics, course and prognosis of complaints of arm, neck and/or shoulder that have not been caused by a trauma or systemic disease (CANS), in a screened population. This stu...

    Authors: Vivian E. J. Bruls, Nicole W. H. Jansen, Sander M. J. van Kuijk, IJmert Kant and Caroline H. G. Bastiaenen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:208

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Hip fracture patients in general are elderly and they often have comorbidities that may necessitate anticoagulation treatment, such as warfarin. It has been emphasized that these patients benefit from surgery ...

    Authors: Leif Mattisson, Lasse J. Lapidus and Anders Enocson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:203

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Low back pain (LBP) remains a common health problem and one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal conditions found among developed and developing nations. The following paper reports on an updated search of th...

    Authors: Linzette Deidrè Morris, Kurt John Daniels, Bhaswati Ganguli and Quinette Abegail Louw

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:196

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There is consistent evidence from observational studies of an association between occupational lifting and carrying of heavy loads and the diagnosis of hip osteoarthritis. However, due to the heterogeneity of ...

    Authors: Andreas Seidler, Laura Lüben, Janice Hegewald, Ulrich Bolm-Audorff, Annekatrin Bergmann, Falk Liebers, Christina Ramdohr, Karla Romero Starke, Alice Freiberg and Susanne Unverzagt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Computed tomography (CT) analyses have reported that the prevalence of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in Japan is 8.7–27.1%. However, these data were obtained using chest-abdominal CT, and no ...

    Authors: Akihiko Hiyama, Hiroyuki Katoh, Daisuke Sakai, Masato Sato, Masahiro Tanaka and Masahiko Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:178

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The relationships between radiographic hallux valgus (HV) and various physical functions independent of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) were examined among residents of a mountain village in Japan.

    Authors: Akinobu Nishimura, Naoya Ito, Shigeto Nakazora, Ko Kato, Toru Ogura and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:174

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Cartilage calcification (CC) is associated with osteoarthritis (OA) in weight-bearing joints, such as the hip and the knee. However, little is known about the impact of CC and degeneration on other weight-bear...

    Authors: Jan Hubert, Lukas Weiser, Sandra Hischke, Annemarie Uhlig, Tim Rolvien, Tobias Schmidt, Sebastian Karl Butscheidt, Klaus Püschel, Wolfgang Lehmann, Frank Timo Beil and Thelonius Hawellek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:169

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Nonspecific low back pain is characterized by a wide range of possible triggering and conserving factors, and initial screening needs to scope widely with multilevel addressment of possible factors contributin...

    Authors: Monica Unsgaard-Tøndel, Ingunn Gunnes Kregnes, Tom I. L. Nilsen, Gunn Hege Marchand and Torunn Askim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:166

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Previous studies that have described the prevalence of patellofemoral pain (PFP) have been limited to samples of military personnel or sporting populations, and convincing data in the general Chinese populatio...

    Authors: Xingquan Xu, Chen Yao, Rui Wu, Wenjin Yan, Yao Yao, Kai Song, Qing Jiang and Dongquan Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:165

    Content type: Research article

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  18. A stress fracture (SF) is a highly debilitating injury commonly experienced in United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT). Body fat (BF) may be associated with this injury but previous investigations (in a...

    Authors: Joseph J. Knapik, Marilyn A. Sharp and Scott J. Montain

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:161

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The physical and biochemical factors responsible for cervical disc degeneration, and resulting in various spinal disorders, remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between cervical spinal ...

    Authors: Kanichiro Wada, Toshihiro Tanaka, Gentaro Kumagai, Hitoshi Kudo, Toru Asari, Daisuke Chiba, Seiya Ota, Keita Kamei, On Takeda, Shigeyuki Nakaji and Yasuyuki Ishibashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:153

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Clinical evidence shows knee arthroscopy has little benefit for degenerative conditions and considerable variation in the incidence of knee arthroscopy in Australia has been identified. This study aimed to eva...

    Authors: H. Y. Chen, I. A. Harris, K. Sutherland and J-F. Levesque

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:148

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The PACE Plus trial was a multi-center, double-blinded, superiority randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted in patients from Dutch general practice to investigate the efficacy of paracetamol and NSAIDs in ...

    Authors: M. Schreijenberg, P. A. J. Luijsterburg, Y. D. M. Van Trier, D. Rizopoulos, M. A. Koopmanschap, L. Voogt, C. G. Maher and B. W. Koes

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:146

    Content type: Research article

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  22. It was reported that Fas (rs1800682, rs2234767) and FasL (rs5030772, rs763110) gene polymorphism might be related to the risk of musculoskeletal degenerative diseases (MSDD), such as osteoarthritis (OA), inter...

    Authors: Donghua Huang, Jinrong Xiao, Xiangyu Deng, Kaige Ma, Hang Liang, Deyao Shi, Fashuai Wu and Zengwu Shao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:137

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The aim of this study was to investigate the prospective association between insomnia and risk of chronic musculoskeletal complaints (CMSC) and chronic widespread musculoskeletal complaints (CWMSC). A second a...

    Authors: B. L. Uhlig, T. Sand, T. I. Nilsen, P. J. Mork and K. Hagen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:128

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Low back pain is a common health complaint resulting in substantial economic burden. Each year, upwards of 20 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions for non-specific low back pain are pub...

    Authors: Pål André Amundsen, David W. Evans, Dévan Rajendran, Philip Bright, Tom Bjørkli, Sandra Eldridge, Rachelle Buchbinder, Martin Underwood and Robert Froud

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:113

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Episodes of low back pain (LBP) are very common among workers. A number of occupational risk factors have been shown to increase the risk for LBP. One of these risk factors is exposure to whole body vibration,...

    Authors: Oren Zack, Regina Levin, Ayala Krakov, Aharon S. Finestone and Shlomo Moshe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:110

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Differences between staged bilateral total knee replacement (TKR) and simultaneous bilateral TKR have been investigated, but few studies have investigated differences in the functional improvements resulting f...

    Authors: Yu-Hao Huang, Chin Lin, Jia-Hwa Yang, Leou-Chyr Lin, Chih-Yuan Mou, Kwo-Tsao Chiang, Man-Gang Lee, Hsien-Feng Chang, Hsueh-Lu Chang, Wen Su, Shih-Jen Yeh, Hung Chang, Chih-Chien Wang and Sui-Lung Su

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:87

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Being at risk for malnutrition can be observed among hospitalized patients of all medical specialties. There are only few studies in arthroplasty dealing with defining and assessing malnutrition as such a pote...

    Authors: Christoph Ihle, Christoph Weiß, Gunnar Blumenstock, Ulrich Stöckle, Björn Gunnar Ochs, Christian Bahrs, Andreas Nüssler and Anna Janine Schreiner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:83

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis affecting the elderly. Understanding the risk factors for knee OA has been derived from cross sectional studies. There have been few longitudinal s...

    Authors: Jong Jin Yoo, Dong Hyun Kim and Hyun Ah Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:80

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Few studies have examined patterns of specific sleep problems among individuals with osteoarthritis (OA). The primary objective of this study was to examine prevalence of symptoms of insomnia and obstructive s...

    Authors: Shannon Stark Taylor, Jaime M. Hughes, Cynthia J. Coffman, Amy S. Jeffreys, Christi S. Ulmer, Eugene Z. Oddone, Hayden B. Bosworth, William S. Yancy Jr and Kelli D. Allen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:79

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Self-care is often the first choice for people with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Self-care includes the use of non-prescription medications with no doctor’s supervision, as well as the use of other modern and...

    Authors: Irena Kovačević, Višnja Majerić Kogler, Tihana Magdić Turković, Lidija Fumić Dunkić, Željko Ivanec and Davorina Petek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:76

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Although optimal treatment of distal radius fractures is controversial, surgery has gained popularity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate recent trends in the surgical treatment of distal radius fractur...

    Authors: Teemu P. Hevonkorpi, Antti P. Launonen, Tuomas T. Huttunen, Pekka Kannus, Seppo Niemi and Ville M. Mattila

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:70

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of adolescent physical activity-related injuries in sports club activities, leisure time physical activity and school-based physical activity. The se...

    Authors: Anu M. Räisänen, Sami Kokko, Kati Pasanen, Mari Leppänen, Arja Rimpelä, Jari Villberg and Jari Parkkari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:58

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The number of revision Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is rising in many countries. The aim of this study was the prospective assessment of the underlying causes leading to revision TKA in a tertiary care hospit...

    Authors: Anne Postler, Cornelia Lützner, Franziska Beyer, Eric Tille and Jörg Lützner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:55

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Vertebral Fracture Assessment (VFA) is a useful tool to detect the vertebral fracture (VF) with low cost and radiation exposure. We aimed to compare screening strategies including VFA and spine radiography (X-...

    Authors: Sung-Hee Oh, Dam Kim, Young Eun Lee, Deog-Yoon Kim, Yu Kyung Lee, Joo-Hyun Lee, Sang-Cheol Bae, Yun Young Choi, Junhee Pyo, Jeonghoon Ahn and Yoon-Kyoung Sung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:46

    Content type: Research article

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  35. No previous research has been performed into neck pain among forklift operators. This is a common complaint among these workers, who number around 150,000 in Sweden and six million in Europe. The aim of the study...

    Authors: U. Flodin, B. Rolander, H. Löfgren, B. Krapi, F. Nyqvist and C. Wåhlin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:44

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Osteoporosis is a potential metabolic complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). Therefore, patients with DM should have adequate osteoporosis knowledge and beliefs in order to get engaged in osteoporosis prevent...

    Authors: Ghaith A. Ishtaya, Yazan M. Anabtawi, Sa’ed H. Zyoud and Waleed M. Sweileh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:43

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Musculoskeletal disease is a common cause of morbidity, but there is a paucity of musculoskeletal research focusing on paediatric populations, particularly in primary care settings. In particular, there is lim...

    Authors: Albert Tan, Victoria Y. Strauss, Joanne Protheroe and Kate M. Dunn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:40

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The intent of this study was to examine and compare the ability to detect change of two patient reported outcome (PRO) instruments that use a computerized adaptive test (CAT) approach to measurement. The Patie...

    Authors: Feng-Hang Chang, Alan M. Jette, Mary D. Slavin, Kristin Baker, Pengsheng Ni and Julie J. Keysor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:29

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Knee pain is common and related to knee osteoarthritis. However, there is a discrepancy between knee pain and radiographic osteoarthritis. In the general population, knee pain is associated with psychological ...

    Authors: Tomoko Fujii, Hiroyuki Oka, Junji Katsuhira, Juichi Tonosu, Satoshi Kasahara, Sakae Tanaka and Ko Matsudaira

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:23

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Positive association between body weight and bone mass is well established, and the concept of body mass index (BMI) is associated with higher areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and reduced fracture risk. BMI, tha...

    Authors: Anne Winther, Lone Jørgensen, Luai Awad Ahmed, Tore Christoffersen, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Guri Grimnes, Rolf Jorde, Ole Andreas Nilsen, Elaine Dennison and Nina Emaus

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:21

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Previous estimates for the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions (MSK) and chronic pain in Australia have been based on self-report. We aimed to determine the prevalence and distribution of arthritis, chron...

    Authors: David Alejandro González-Chica, Simon Vanlint, Elizabeth Hoon and Nigel Stocks

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:20

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Total joint replacement procedures are increasing in number because of population aging and osteoarthritis development. Defined as a lack of physiological reserves and the inability to adequately respond to ex...

    Authors: Han Ting Wang, Josée Fafard, Stéphane Ahern, Pascal-André Vendittoli and Paul Hebert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:14

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Persisting fatigue has been reported to be a common complaint by individuals with connective tissue disorders, including Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). This controlled study evaluated in an adult OI population ...

    Authors: Heidi Arponen, Janna Waltimo-Sirén, Helena Valta and Outi Mäkitie

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:3

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Research into musculoskeletal conditions often focusses on pain at single sites, such as the knee, yet several studies have previously reported the high prevalence of multiple sites of musculoskeletal pain. Th...

    Authors: Andrew Finney, Krysia S. Dziedzic, Martyn Lewis and Emma Healey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:535

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent chronic joint disease in China. The aim of this study was to examine the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and knee OA in a population-based Chinese study.

    Authors: Dong-xing Xie, Jie Wei, Chao Zeng, Tuo Yang, Hui Li, Yi-lun Wang, Hui-zhong Long, Zi-ying Wu, Yu-xuan Qian, Kang-hua Li and Guang-hua Lei

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:533

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Meniscal lesions are among the most common injuries of the knee, yet limited epidemiologic data is available on their risk factors. We investigated the association of lifestyle factors and physical strenuousne...

    Authors: Tea Kontio, Markku Heliövaara, Harri Rissanen, Paul Knekt, Arpo Aromaa and Svetlana Solovieva

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:528

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Several studies have reported that diabetic persons have an increased risk for fractures than non-diabetes patients. The association between proximal humerus fractures and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is unclear and...

    Authors: Maria Angeles Martinez-Huedo, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Eduardo Mora-Zamorano, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Manuel Villanueva-Martinez and Ana Lopez-de-Andres

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:522

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Cartilage changes are an important early finding of osteoarthritis (OA), which can exist even before symptoms. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of knee cartilage damage on magnetic resonance imagi...

    Authors: Alvin Keng, Eric C. Sayre, Ali Guermazi, Savvakis Nicolaou, John M. Esdaile, Anona Thorne, Joel Singer, Jacek A. Kopec and Jolanda Cibere

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:517

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Various health care professionals apply Spinal Manipulative Treatment (SMT) in daily practice. While the characteristics of chiropractors and manual therapists and the characteristics of their patient populati...

    Authors: Wouter Schuller, Raymond W. J. G. Ostelo, Daphne C. Rohrich, Adri T. Apeldoorn and Henrica C. W. de Vet

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:512

    Content type: Research article

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