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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

Page 5 of 8

  1. Posterior epidural migration of lumbar disc fragments (PEMLDF) is extremely rare. It is often confused with other posterior lesions and is usually diagnosed intraoperatively. We here describe the use of preope...

    Authors: Morito Takano, Tomohiro Hikata, Soraya Nishimura and Michihiro Kamata

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:151

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The physical dysfunction symptomatic of RA means people living with this disease spend large periods of the day s...

    Authors: Sally A. M. Fenton, Jet J. C. S. Veldhuijzen van Zanten, George D. Kitas, Joan L. Duda, Peter C. Rouse, Chen-an Yu and George S. Metsios

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:131

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Treatment of clavicular non- and malunion is still challenging. Current surgical procedures often result in frustrating functional outcome along with high-grade subjective impairment and increased rates of rev...

    Authors: Marc Beirer, Ingo J. Banke, Norbert Harrasser, Moritz Crönlein, Dominik Pförringer, Stefan Huber-Wagner, Peter Biberthaler and Chlodwig Kirchhoff

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:129

    Content type: Research article

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  4. A previous study reported a high prevalence of spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) in patients with Scheuermann kyphosis (SK) and suggested that it may play a role in the pathogenesis of this disease. According ...

    Authors: Zhen Zhang, Zhen Liu, Zezhang Zhu and Yong Qiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:112

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Clinical swollen joint examination of the obese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient can be difficult. Musculoskeletal Ultrasound (MSUS) has higher sensitivity than physical examination for swollen joints (SJ). T...

    Authors: Erin M. Bauer, Ami Ben-Artzi, Erin L. Duffy, David A. Elashoff, Sitaram S. Vangala, John Fitzgerald and Veena K. Ranganath

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:99

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Lumbar radiculopathy remains a clinical challenge among primary care clinicians in both assessment and diagnosis. This often leads to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment of patients resulting in poor heal...

    Authors: Nassib Tawa, Anthea Rhoda and Ina Diener

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:93

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The primary objective of this study was to assess the interobserver and intraobserver agreement on ligamentous injuries on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute simple elbow dislocation. The s...

    Authors: Marc Schnetzke, Svenja Schüler, Johannes Hoffend, Rainer Simon, Holger Keil, Felix Porschke, Stefan Studier-Fischer, Paul-Alfred Grützner and Thorsten Guehring

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:85

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Several types of Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are commonly used in imaging of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), however till now there are no clear protocols and recommendations for each type. The aim of...

    Authors: A. M. Saied, C. Redant, M. El-Batouty, M. R. El-Lakkany, W. A. El-Adl, J. Anthonissen, R. Verdonk and E. A. Audenaert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:83

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Due to the risk associated with exposure to ionizing radiation, there is an urgent need to identify areas of CT scanning overutilization. While increased use of diagnostic spinal imaging has been documented, n...

    Authors: Vikas V. Patel, Gunnar B. J. Andersson, Steven R. Garfin, Donald L. Resnick and Jon E. Block

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:52

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Spinal deformities affect the overall alignment of the spine and thus the vectors of loading on the lumbar region and intervertebral discs. Due to wedging of the disc or vertebrae of unbalanced spinal segments...

    Authors: Kamil Eyvazov, Dino Samartzis and Jason Pui Yin Cheung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:51

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Acetabular dysplasia (AD) is a well-known cause of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip, with its prevalence previously determined on plain radiography. The prevalence of preexisting AD was reported as 7.3% in a pat...

    Authors: Tomohiro Mimura, Kanji Mori, Masahiro Kitagawa, Mariko Ueki, Yuki Furuya, Taku Kawasaki and Shinji Imai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:50

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Research has suggested that patient expectations are associated with treatment outcome and evolve along with patient communication within the musculoskeletal field. However, few studies have investigated if or...

    Authors: Sigrid Skatteboe, Cecilie Røe, Morten Wang Fagerland and Lars-Petter Granan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:48

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Some cadaveric studies have reported the role of the distal oblique bundle (DOB) in the distal radioulnar joint stability. We aimed to determine whether the presence of the DOB can be identified and its thickn...

    Authors: Yeon Ho Kim, Hyun Sik Gong, Jin Woo Park, Hyun Kyung Yang, Kahyun Kim and Goo Hyun Baek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:47

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Physical examination tests of the shoulder (PETS) are clinical examination maneuvers designed to aid the assessment of shoulder complaints. Despite more than 180 PETS described in the literature, evidence of t...

    Authors: Sigmund Ø. Gismervik, Jon O. Drogset, Fredrik Granviken, Magne Rø and Gunnar Leivseth

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:41

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a common benign bone tumour that is rarely found in the talus. Its nidus is difficult to detect on early imaging. The atypical symptoms of OO and the presence of concurrent trauma or sp...

    Authors: Huan He, Hailin Xu, Hao Lu, Yu Dang, Wei Huang and Qing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:35

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Modic 1 changes are usually associated with degenerative disc disease (DDD). We aimed to compare Modic 1 changes with advanced degenerative disc disease (>50%-intervertebral space narrowing [IVSN]) to Modic 1 ...

    Authors: Christelle Nguyen, Marylène Jousse, Serge Poiraudeau, Antoine Feydy and François Rannou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:34

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There is increasing interest in paravertebral muscle composition as a potential prognostic and diagnostic element in lumbar spine health. As a consequence, it is becoming popular to use magnetic resonance imag...

    Authors: Rebecca J. Crawford, Jon Cornwall, Rebecca Abbott and James M. Elliott

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:25

    Content type: Technical advance

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  18. The Digital X-ray Radiogrammetry (DXR) method measures the cortical bone thickness in the shafts of the metacarpals and has demonstrated its relevance in the assessment of hand bone loss caused by rheumatoid a...

    Authors: Alexander Pfeil, Hans Henrik Thodberg, Diane M. Renz, Lisa Reinhardt, Peter Oelzner, Gunter Wolf and Joachim Böttcher

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:6

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Our study aimed to investigate whether geometrical features (size, shape, or alignment parameters) of the femoral condyle affect the morphology of the trochlear groove.

    Authors: Zhe Du, Shichang Chen, Mengning Yan, Bing Yue, Yiming Zeng and You Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:4

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Supra/interspinous ligaments connect adjacent spinous processes and act as a stabilizer of the spine. As with other spinal ligaments, it can become ossified. However, few report have discussed ossification sup...

    Authors: Kanji Mori, Toshitaka Yoshii, Takashi Hirai, Akio Iwanami, Kazuhiro Takeuchi, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Shoji Seki, Takashi Tsuji, Kanehiro Fujiyoshi, Mitsuru Furukawa, Soraya Nishimura, Kanichiro Wada, Masao Koda, Takeo Furuya, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Tomohiko Hasegawa…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:492

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Osteoporosis, osteoporosis-related fractures, and diabetes are considerable health burdens in Japan. Diabetes in patients with osteoporosis has been reported to be associated with increased fracture risk. This...

    Authors: Masayo Sato, Wenyu Ye, Tomoko Sugihara and Yoshitaka Isaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:489

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Fluid in the subcutaneous fat is a common finding anterior to the knee on MRI. This may be caused by chronic low-grade shearing injuries in patients who are overweight. The purpose of this study was to determi...

    Authors: Trevor Gaunt, Frank Carey, John Cahir and Andoni Toms

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:487

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:1

  23. The overlap syndrome of primary biliary cholangitis (formerly called primary biliary cirrhosis) and primary sclerosing cholangitis is an extremely rare condition that has never been described in association wi...

    Authors: Teresa Del Ross, Amelia Ruffatti, Annarosa Floreani, Ariela Hoxha and Leonardo Punzi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:485

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Bone marrow lesions (BMLs) in knee osteoarthritis (OA) can be assessed using fluid sensitive and contrast enhanced sequences. The association between BMLs and symptoms has been investigated in several studies ...

    Authors: Flemming K. Nielsen, Niels Egund, Anette Jørgensen, David A. Peters and Anne Grethe Jurik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:479

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To describe the scoring methodology and MRI assessments used to evaluate the cross-sectional features observed in cases and controls, to define change over time for different MRI features, and to report the ex...

    Authors: Frank W. Roemer, Ali Guermazi, Jamie E. Collins, Elena Losina, Michael C. Nevitt, John A. Lynch, Jeffrey N. Katz, C. Kent Kwoh, Virginia B. Kraus and David J. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:466

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Pseudotumors associated with metal-on-metal hips can be symptomatic or asymptomatic. The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of pseudotumors associated with pain.

    Authors: Masahiro Hasegawa, Yohei Naito, Toshio Yamaguchi, Shinichi Miyazaki, Hiroki Wakabayashi and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:456

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the frequency of intra-articular osteoid osteoma (iaOO) in a large study cohort and to demonstrate its clinical relevance as an important differential dia...

    Authors: Tim Rolvien, Jozef Zustin, Haider Mussawy, Tobias Schmidt, Pia Pogoda and Peter Ueblacker

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:455

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Kirner’s deformity is a rare bony deformity that is characterized by radial and volar curvature of the distal phalanx of the fifth finger. Affected patients usually present after the age of 5 years, with girls...

    Authors: Melkamu Adeb, Daichi Hayashi and Yogesh Kumar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:440

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine is common, with severe disease increasing the risk for chronic low back pain. This cross-sectional study examined whether disc degeneration is representative of a ...

    Authors: Andrew J. Teichtahl, Donna M. Urquhart, Yuanyuan Wang, Anita E. Wluka, Richard O’Sullivan, Graeme Jones and Flavia M. Cicuttini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:439

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Neurogenic Myositis Ossificans (NMO) is a rare disabling pathology characterized by peri-articular heterotopic ossifications following severe peripheral or central nervous system injuries. It results in ankylo...

    Authors: Bruno Law-ye, Chloé Hangard, Adrien Felter, Dominique Safa, Philippe Denormandie, François Genet and Robert-Yves Carlier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:433

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Vertebral bodies in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) usually have frontal wedge deformities. However, the plasticity of the deformed vertebrae in skeletally immature patients is unknown. The...

    Authors: Takahiro Makino, Takashi Kaito, Yusuke Sakai, Shota Takenaka, Kazuomi Sugamoto and Hideki Yoshikawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:424

    Content type: Research article

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  32. After open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO), the proximal fragment resembles the anatomy of the proximal tibia that is aligned in the anterior-posterior direction and the distal fragment resembles the anato...

    Authors: Oui Sik Yoo, Yong Seuk Lee, Myung Chul Lee, Jae Hong Park, Jae Won Kim and Doo Hoon Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:423

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The condition of paraspinal muscles is known to be associated with some variables such as age, gender, and low back pain. It is generally agreed that these muscles play an important role in the stability and f...

    Authors: Janan Abbas, Viviane Slon, Hila May, Nathan Peled, Israel Hershkovitz and Kamal Hamoud

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:422

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Recently, a grayscale inversion view was reported to improve intra- and inter-observer reliabilities in measuring coronal curvature with Cobb and pedicle methods in scoliosis patients. However, the grayscale t...

    Authors: Weixiang Sun, Jin Zhou, Xiaodong Qin, Leilei Xu, Xinxin Yuan, Yang Li, Yong Qiu and Zezhang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:411

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Lesions in the meniscus are risk factors for developing knee osteoarthritis (OA), not least because of the role of the meniscus in the pathological progression of OA. Delayed gadolinium enhanced MRI of cartila...

    Authors: Ulf Sigurdsson, Gunilla Müller, Carl Siversson, Eveliina Lammentausta, Jonas Svensson, Carl-Johan Tiderius and Leif E. Dahlberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:406

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Prokineticin 2 (PK2) expression is upregulated in mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis. The purpose of our study was to investigate the effects of PK2 inhibition ...

    Authors: Haruyasu Ito, Kentaro Noda, Ken Yoshida, Kazuhiro Otani, Masayuki Yoshiga, Yohsuke Oto, Saburo Saito and Daitaro Kurosaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:387

    Content type: Research article

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  37. MRI is considered to be the diagnostic tool of choice in diagnosing nerve root compromise among patients presenting with clinical suspicion of lumbo-sacral radiculopathy. There exists controversy among researc...

    Authors: Nassib Tawa, Anthea Rhoda and Ina Diener

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:386

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Consistent reference data used for anatomic posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction is not well defined. Quantitative guidelines defining the location of PCL attachment would aid in performing anatomi...

    Authors: Yuanjun Teng, Laiwei Guo, Meng Wu, Tianen Xu, Lianggong Zhao, Jin Jiang, Xiaoyun Sheng, Lihu Xu, Bo Zhang, Ning Ding and Yayi Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:384

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Recent reported results have added to the weight of evidence supporting association between disc degeneration and Modic changes. Endplate or Modic changes are also associated with increased body mass index. Th...

    Authors: Juhani H. Määttä, Alex MacGregor, Jaro Karppinen and Frances M. K. Williams

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:371

    Content type: Correspondence

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  40. Height velocity (HV) is traditionally used to monitor the residual growth potential in idiopathic scoliosis (IS). The temporal timing of rapid increase in standing height often does not match exactly that of t...

    Authors: Benlong Shi, Saihu Mao, Zhen Liu, Xu Sun, Zezhang Zhu, Feng Zhu, Jack C. Y. Cheng and Yong Qiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:368

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The Goutallier Classification is a semi quantitative classification system to determine the amount of fatty degeneration in rotator cuff muscles. Although initially proposed for axial computer tomography scans...

    Authors: Fabian Gilbert, Dirk Böhm, Lars Eden, Jonas Schmalzl, Rainer H. Meffert, Herbert Köstler, Andreas M. Weng and Dirk Ziegler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:355

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Sagittal spinopelvic alignment changes associated with degenerative facet joint arthritis have been assessed in a few studies. It has been documented that patients with facet joint degeneration have higher pel...

    Authors: Xin Lv, Yuan Liu, Song Zhou, Qiang Wang, Houyun Gu, Xiaoxing Fu, Yi Ding, Bin Zhang and Min Dai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:341

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Epidemic myalgia is a disease that presents with fever and extreme myalgia of the trunk due to an acute enterovirus infection. The trunk pain is mainly in the chest or in the epigastrium. We aimed to highlight...

    Authors: Tsuneaki Kenzaka, Yukariko Hida, Masanori Matsumoto and Hozuka Akita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:323

    Content type: Case report

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  44. The aims of our study were to evaluate the validation of measurement of weight-bearing lateral radiographs. Two hypotheses were tested: the measurements on the lateral radiographs are reliable, and a theoretic...

    Authors: Changjun Guo, Yuan Zhu, Mu Hu, Lianfu Deng and Xiangyang Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:297

    Content type: Research article

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  45. The impact of physical exercise on joints and tendons is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to investigate with ultrasound the acute effects of extreme physical exercise on knee and ankle join...

    Authors: Fabian Proft, Mathias Grunke, Christiane Reindl, Felix Mueller, Maximilian Kriegmair, Jan Leipe, Peter Weinert, Hendrik Schulze-Koops and Matthias Witt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:272

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:381

  46. To study the reliability and validity of high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT (HR-pQCT) with microCT (μCT) as gold standard in the visual detection of cortical breaks in metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and pro...

    Authors: A. Scharmga, M. Peters, A. van Tubergen, J. van den Bergh, J. de Jong, D. Loeffen, B. van Rietbergen, R. Weijers and P. Geusens

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:271

    Content type: Research article

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  47. A recent publication on efficacy of Sprifermin for knee osteoarthritis (OA) using quantitatively MRI-defined central medial tibio-femoral compartment cartilage thickness as the structural primary endpoint repo...

    Authors: Frank W. Roemer, Aida Aydemir, Stefan Lohmander, Michel D. Crema, Monica Dias Marra, Norma Muurahainen, David T. Felson, Felix Eckstein and Ali Guermazi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:267

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Seronegative rheumatoid arthritis is associated with a milder course of progression compared to seropositive disease. However, long-term follow-up data of the clinical course of seronegative rheumatoid arthrit...

    Authors: Elena Nikiphorou, Christopher Sjöwall, Pekka Hannonen, Tuomas Rannio and Tuulikki Sokka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:246

    Content type: Case report

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  49. To our knowledge, there are no methods allowing for quantification of the spatial distribution of lumbar paravertebral muscle fatty infiltration (FI) in the transverse plane. There is an increasing emphasis on...

    Authors: Áine Ni Mhuiris, Thomas Volken, James M. Elliott, Mark Hoggarth, Dino Samartzis and Rebecca J. Crawford

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:234

    Content type: Technical advance

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