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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

Page 3 of 6

  1. Content type: Research article

    Neurogenic Myositis Ossificans (NMO) is a rare disabling pathology characterized by peri-articular heterotopic ossifications following severe peripheral or central nervous system injuries. It results in ankylo...

    Authors: Bruno Law-ye, Chloé Hangard, Adrien Felter, Dominique Safa, Philippe Denormandie, François Genet and Robert-Yves Carlier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:433

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Vertebral bodies in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) usually have frontal wedge deformities. However, the plasticity of the deformed vertebrae in skeletally immature patients is unknown. The...

    Authors: Takahiro Makino, Takashi Kaito, Yusuke Sakai, Shota Takenaka, Kazuomi Sugamoto and Hideki Yoshikawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:424

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The condition of paraspinal muscles is known to be associated with some variables such as age, gender, and low back pain. It is generally agreed that these muscles play an important role in the stability and f...

    Authors: Janan Abbas, Viviane Slon, Hila May, Nathan Peled, Israel Hershkovitz and Kamal Hamoud

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:422

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  4. Content type: Research article

    After open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO), the proximal fragment resembles the anatomy of the proximal tibia that is aligned in the anterior-posterior direction and the distal fragment resembles the anato...

    Authors: Oui Sik Yoo, Yong Seuk Lee, Myung Chul Lee, Jae Hong Park, Jae Won Kim and Doo Hoon Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:423

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Recently, a grayscale inversion view was reported to improve intra- and inter-observer reliabilities in measuring coronal curvature with Cobb and pedicle methods in scoliosis patients. However, the grayscale t...

    Authors: Weixiang Sun, Jin Zhou, Xiaodong Qin, Leilei Xu, Xinxin Yuan, Yang Li, Yong Qiu and Zezhang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:411

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Lesions in the meniscus are risk factors for developing knee osteoarthritis (OA), not least because of the role of the meniscus in the pathological progression of OA. Delayed gadolinium enhanced MRI of cartila...

    Authors: Ulf Sigurdsson, Gunilla Müller, Carl Siversson, Eveliina Lammentausta, Jonas Svensson, Carl-Johan Tiderius and Leif E. Dahlberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:406

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Prokineticin 2 (PK2) expression is upregulated in mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis. The purpose of our study was to investigate the effects of PK2 inhibition ...

    Authors: Haruyasu Ito, Kentaro Noda, Ken Yoshida, Kazuhiro Otani, Masayuki Yoshiga, Yohsuke Oto, Saburo Saito and Daitaro Kurosaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:387

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  8. Content type: Research article

    MRI is considered to be the diagnostic tool of choice in diagnosing nerve root compromise among patients presenting with clinical suspicion of lumbo-sacral radiculopathy. There exists controversy among researc...

    Authors: Nassib Tawa, Anthea Rhoda and Ina Diener

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:386

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Consistent reference data used for anatomic posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction is not well defined. Quantitative guidelines defining the location of PCL attachment would aid in performing anatomi...

    Authors: Yuanjun Teng, Laiwei Guo, Meng Wu, Tianen Xu, Lianggong Zhao, Jin Jiang, Xiaoyun Sheng, Lihu Xu, Bo Zhang, Ning Ding and Yayi Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:384

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  10. Content type: Correspondence

    Recent reported results have added to the weight of evidence supporting association between disc degeneration and Modic changes. Endplate or Modic changes are also associated with increased body mass index. Th...

    Authors: Juhani H. Määttä, Alex MacGregor, Jaro Karppinen and Frances M. K. Williams

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:371

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Height velocity (HV) is traditionally used to monitor the residual growth potential in idiopathic scoliosis (IS). The temporal timing of rapid increase in standing height often does not match exactly that of t...

    Authors: Benlong Shi, Saihu Mao, Zhen Liu, Xu Sun, Zezhang Zhu, Feng Zhu, Jack C. Y. Cheng and Yong Qiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:368

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The Goutallier Classification is a semi quantitative classification system to determine the amount of fatty degeneration in rotator cuff muscles. Although initially proposed for axial computer tomography scans...

    Authors: Fabian Gilbert, Dirk Böhm, Lars Eden, Jonas Schmalzl, Rainer H. Meffert, Herbert Köstler, Andreas M. Weng and Dirk Ziegler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:355

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Sagittal spinopelvic alignment changes associated with degenerative facet joint arthritis have been assessed in a few studies. It has been documented that patients with facet joint degeneration have higher pel...

    Authors: Xin Lv, Yuan Liu, Song Zhou, Qiang Wang, Houyun Gu, Xiaoxing Fu, Yi Ding, Bin Zhang and Min Dai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:341

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Epidemic myalgia is a disease that presents with fever and extreme myalgia of the trunk due to an acute enterovirus infection. The trunk pain is mainly in the chest or in the epigastrium. We aimed to highlight...

    Authors: Tsuneaki Kenzaka, Yukariko Hida, Masanori Matsumoto and Hozuka Akita

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:323

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The aims of our study were to evaluate the validation of measurement of weight-bearing lateral radiographs. Two hypotheses were tested: the measurements on the lateral radiographs are reliable, and a theoretic...

    Authors: Changjun Guo, Yuan Zhu, Mu Hu, Lianfu Deng and Xiangyang Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:297

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The impact of physical exercise on joints and tendons is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to investigate with ultrasound the acute effects of extreme physical exercise on knee and ankle join...

    Authors: Fabian Proft, Mathias Grunke, Christiane Reindl, Felix Mueller, Maximilian Kriegmair, Jan Leipe, Peter Weinert, Hendrik Schulze-Koops and Matthias Witt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:272

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:381

  17. Content type: Research article

    To study the reliability and validity of high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT (HR-pQCT) with microCT (μCT) as gold standard in the visual detection of cortical breaks in metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and pro...

    Authors: A. Scharmga, M. Peters, A. van Tubergen, J. van den Bergh, J. de Jong, D. Loeffen, B. van Rietbergen, R. Weijers and P. Geusens

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:271

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  18. Content type: Research article

    A recent publication on efficacy of Sprifermin for knee osteoarthritis (OA) using quantitatively MRI-defined central medial tibio-femoral compartment cartilage thickness as the structural primary endpoint repo...

    Authors: Frank W. Roemer, Aida Aydemir, Stefan Lohmander, Michel D. Crema, Monica Dias Marra, Norma Muurahainen, David T. Felson, Felix Eckstein and Ali Guermazi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:267

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Seronegative rheumatoid arthritis is associated with a milder course of progression compared to seropositive disease. However, long-term follow-up data of the clinical course of seronegative rheumatoid arthrit...

    Authors: Elena Nikiphorou, Christopher Sjöwall, Pekka Hannonen, Tuomas Rannio and Tuulikki Sokka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:246

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  20. Content type: Technical advance

    To our knowledge, there are no methods allowing for quantification of the spatial distribution of lumbar paravertebral muscle fatty infiltration (FI) in the transverse plane. There is an increasing emphasis on...

    Authors: Áine Ni Mhuiris, Thomas Volken, James M. Elliott, Mark Hoggarth, Dino Samartzis and Rebecca J. Crawford

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:234

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Though several studies have reported the incidence of intraspinal neural axis abnormalities in infantile and juvenile “presumed idiopathic” scoliosis, there has been a varying prevalence ranging from 11.1 to 2...

    Authors: Wen Zhang, Shifu Sha, Leilei Xu, Zhen Liu, Yong Qiu and Zezhang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:189

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  22. Content type: Case report

    A tenosynovial giant cell tumor (T-GCT) is a benign synovial tumor arising from the synovium, bursae, or tendon sheath. It can be intra- or extra-articular and localized or diffuse. Diffuse T-GCT is considered...

    Authors: Akihiko Takeuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Shinji Miwa, Masayuki Takahira, Kiyokazu Fukui, Taku Oikawa and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:180

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Our aim was to examine the association between an expert clinician’s impression of symptomatic meniscal tears and subsequent MRI in the context of middle-aged and older adults with knee pain.

    Authors: Bhushan R. Deshpande, Elena Losina, Savannah R. Smith, Scott D. Martin, R. John Wright and Jeffrey N. Katz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:154

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to assess and present the radiological morphology of the non-ossifying fibroma (NOF), to describe the life span according to the Ritschl-stages in an effort to determine critical stag...

    Authors: Georg W. Herget, David Mauer, Tobias Krauß, Abdelrehim El Tayeh, Markus Uhl, Norbert P. Südkamp and Oliver Hauschild

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:147

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP), first described by Nora et al. in 1983 and therefore termed “Nora’s lesion”, is a rare lesion that occurs in the short bones of the hands and feet and...

    Authors: Yuichiro Matsui, Tadanao Funakoshi, Hideyuki Kobayashi, Tomoko Mitsuhashi, Tamotsu Kamishima and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:130

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate if clinical assessment, Ultrasound + Colour Doppler (US + CD) and Ultrasound Tissue Characterisation (UTC) can be useful in detecting plantaris tendon involvem...

    Authors: Lorenzo Masci, Christoph Spang, Hans T. M. van Schie and Håkan Alfredson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:97

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Vertebral endplate (Modic) abnormalities are important structural lesions in the spine, but their association with body composition and fat distribution have not been examined. Moreover, no study has examined ...

    Authors: Andrew J. Teichtahl, Donna M. Urquhart, Yuanyuan Wang, Anita E. Wluka, Richard O’Sullivan, Graeme Jones and Flavia M. Cicuttini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:92

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Inflammatory bowel diseases are associated with a variety of extra-intestinal manifestations. The most frequent of these is joint involvement, which affects 16–33 % of IBD patients. Our aim was to evaluate the...

    Authors: João Rovisco, Cátia Duarte, Alberto Batticcioto, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Antonella Dragresshi, Francisco Portela and Marwin Gutierrez

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:84

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:241

  29. Content type: Research article

    Our study was performed to evaluate the image quality of 3 T MR wrist arthrograms with attention to ulnar wrist structures, comparing image quality of isotropic 3D proton density fat suppressed turbo spin echo...

    Authors: John K. Sutherland, Taiki Nozaki, Yasuhito Kaneko, Hon J. Yu, Gregory Rafijah, David Hitt and Hiroshi Yoshioka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:30

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Change in knee cartilage volume is frequently used as a proxy for change in knee joint space width over time, but longitudinal data on these associations is limited. We aimed to determine whether change in kne...

    Authors: Joanna Hall, Laura L. Laslett, Johanne Martel-Pelletier, Jean-Pierre Pelletier, François Abram, Chang-Hai Ding, Flavia M. Cicuttini and Graeme Jones

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:25

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Selecting an interbody cage with appropriate height is one of the key steps in lumbar interbody fusion, and has an important impact on clinical efficacy. How to choose the appropriate height of the cage become...

    Authors: Hongli Wang, Wenjie Chen, Jianyuan Jiang, Feizhou Lu, Xiaosheng Ma and Xinlei Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:9

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Standard imaging modality for the follow-up after prosthetic replacements for musculoskeletal tumor patients has been conventional radiography. This technique is effective in detecting subtle changes in bone a...

    Authors: Michiro Susa, Sota Oguro, Kazutaka Kikuta, Kazumasa Nishimoto, Keisuke Horiuchi, Masahiro Jinzaki, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Chiba and Hideo Morioka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:377

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Cross-sectional studies have shown associations between lumbar degenerative manifestations on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and low back pain (LBP). Disc herniations and other degenerative manifestations, h...

    Authors: Ole Kudsk Jensen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Joan Solgaard Sørensen and Kristian Stengaard-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:374

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is a serious problem in the recent aging society, and early diagnosis and intervention of articular cartilage degeneration are very important for the onset of OA. Therefore, development of ...

    Authors: Si Shen, Hao Wang, Jing Zhang, Fei Wang and Meng Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:361

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Although little is known, a limited number of three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) images of the pelvis present focal concavity of posterior superior acetabulum. The purpose of the present study was to i...

    Authors: Hirohito Tanaka, Keisuke Watarai, Iichiro Osawa, Michio Shiibashi, Yoon Taek Kim, Hiromi Oda and Hirohiko Azuma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:330

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Extraspinal manifestations of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) have been described previously. We aimed to assess the prevalence of elbow hyperostotic spurs, to search for sites discriminating f...

    Authors: Christine Beyeler, Sergio R Thomann, Niklaus J Gerber, Christine Kunze and Daniel Aeberli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:119

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The association of Modic changes (MC) with low back pain (LBP) is unclear. The purpose of our study was to investigate the associations between the extent of Type 1 (M1) and Type 2 (M2) MC and low back symptom...

    Authors: Jyri Järvinen, Jaro Karppinen, Jaakko Niinimäki, Marianne Haapea, Mats Grönblad, Katariina Luoma and Eeva Rinne

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:98

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  38. Content type: Technical advance

    Non-destructive structural evaluation of the osteochondral unit is challenging. Here, the capability of high-field magnetic resonance imaging (μMRI) at 9.4 Tesla (T) was explored to examine osteochondral repair e...

    Authors: Lars Goebel, Andreas Müller, Arno Bücker and Henning Madry

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:91

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Coxa valga is a common clinical feature of hereditary multiple exostoses (HME). The current study aimed to determine the unique developmental pattern of the hip in patients with HME and evaluate the factors th...

    Authors: Ya-Zhou Wang, Kwang-Won Park, Chang-Seon Oh, Yeong-Seub Ahn, Qing-Lin Kang, Sung-Taek Jung and Hae-Ryong Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:54

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is caused by an anatomic deviation of the acetabular rim or proximal femur, which causes chronic groin pain. Radiological identification of FAI can be challenging. Advances i...

    Authors: Maarten A Röling, Monique I Visser, Edwin HG Oei, Peter Pilot, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink and Rolf M Bloem

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:50

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Two-dimensional (2D) measurements of acetabular morphology and orientation are well known; there is less information on these acetabular characteristics in three dimensions. One important reason is the lack of...

    Authors: Marek Jóźwiak, Michał Rychlik, Bartosz Musielak, Brian Po-Jung Chen, Maciej Idzior and Andrzej Grzegorzewski

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:42

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDL)/atypical lipomatous tumor (ALT) is considered a low-grade malignancy that rarely metastasizes but should be carefully followed because recurrence or dedifferentiation may ...

    Authors: Satoshi Nagano, Masahiro Yokouchi, Takao Setoguchi, Yasuhiro Ishidou, Hiromi Sasaki, Hirofumi Shimada and Setsuro Komiya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:36

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  43. Content type: Study protocol

    When surgically treating cervical degenerative disc disease, the most commonly performed procedure is anterior cervical discectomy. This procedure is performed with, or without fusion promoting methods. For bo...

    Authors: Toon FM Boselie, Henk van Mameren, Rob A de Bie and Henk van Santbrink

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:34

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Labial salivary gland biopsy (LSGB) is the most important diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of Sjögren’s syndrome (SS), but its diagnostic value is rarely studied. This study assessed the sensibility and speci...

    Authors: Raquel A Giovelli, Maria CS Santos, Érica V Serrano and Valéria Valim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:30

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  45. Content type: Research article

    In patients with degenerative meniscal tears, subclinical cartilage degeneration may be present even if gross morphological changes are not evident. The aim of this study was to detect occult cartilage degener...

    Authors: Hirokazu Matsubara, Ken Okazaki, Yukihisa Takayama, Kanji Osaki, Yoshio Matsuo, Hiroshi Honda and Yukihide Iwamoto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:22

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Identification of prognostic factors for persistent pain and disability are important for better understanding of the clinical course of chronic unilateral lumbar radiculopathy and to assist clinical decision-...

    Authors: Trond Iversen, Tore K Solberg, Tom Wilsgaard, Knut Waterloo, Jens Ivar Brox and Tor Ingebrigtsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015 16:17

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