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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Recent morphological analyses of vertebrae in patients with scoliosis have revealed three-dimensional (3D) deformities in the vertebral bodies. However, it remains controversial whether these deformities are s...

    Authors: Takahiro Makino, Yusuke Sakai, Masafumi Kashii, Shota Takenaka, Kazuomi Sugamoto, Hideki Yoshikawa and Takashi Kaito

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:459

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  2. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to investigate the technical feasibility of semi-quantitative and quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in the assessment of longitudinal changes of marrow...

    Authors: Jingqi Zhu, Zuogang Xiong, Jiulong Zhang, Yuyou Qiu, Ting Hua and Guangyu Tang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:446

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Systemic sclerosis can affect peripheral nerves, but the extent and the nature of this involvement are not well defined. The aim of this study is to compare the sonoelastrographic measurements of median nerves...

    Authors: Ilker Yagci, Ozge Kenis-Coskun, Tugba Ozsoy, Gulsen Ozen and Haner Direskeneli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:434

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by severe hypophosphatemia and osteomalacia. Nonspecific symptoms make the diagnosis elusive. In addition, locating the responsi...

    Authors: Qing-yao Zuo, Hong Wang, Wei Li, Xiao-hui Niu, Yan-hong Huang, Jia Chen, Yu-hua You, Bao-yue Liu, Ai-min Cui and Wei Deng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:403

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate and characterize the dimension and signal intensity of anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) using 3.0 T MRI in the mechanical ankle instability group pre- a...

    Authors: Wei Liu, Hong Li and Yinghui Hua

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:397

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Musculoskeletal ultrasound improves the accuracy of detecting the level of disease activity (DA) in RA patients, although its impact on the final treatment decision in a real clinical setting is uncertain. The...

    Authors: C. Sifuentes-Cantú, I. Contreras-Yáñez, L. Saldarriaga, A.C. Lozada, M. Gutiérrez and V. Pascual-Ramos

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:390

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Inclination and anteversion were the main factors that determined the reliability of the acetabulum. Inclination and anteversion measurements included anatomical, operational and radiographic methods. The aim ...

    Authors: R. Y. Wang, W. H. Xu, X. C. Kong, L. Yang and S. H. Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:373

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  8. Content type: Research article

    This study uses virtual touch imaging quantification (VTIQ) technology for the first time to conduct measurements of the trapezius and erector spinae muscles in a large study population. The significance of va...

    Authors: Anne Heizelmann, Sümeyra Tasdemir, Julian Schmidberger, Tilmann Gräter, Wolfgang Kratzer and Beate Grüner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:370

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of our study was to assess the clinical and imaging outcome of autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) technique consisting of microfractures followed by the filling of osteochondral lesion...

    Authors: Domenico Albano, Nicolò Martinelli, Alberto Bianchi, Carmelo Messina, Francesco Malerba and Luca Maria Sconfienza

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:306

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Modic changes (MC) are associated with low back pain (LBP). In this study, we compared changes in size and type of MC, after a single intravenous infusion of 5 mg zoledronic acid (ZA) or placebo, among chronic...

    Authors: Katri Koivisto, Jyri Järvinen, Jaro Karppinen, Marianne Haapea, Markus Paananen, Eero Kyllönen, Osmo Tervonen and Jaakko Niinimäki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:274

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Acromial morphology has previously been defined as a risk factor for some shoulder pathologies. Yet, study results are inconclusive and not all major shoulder diseases have been sufficiently investigated. Thus...

    Authors: Philipp R. Heuberer, Fabian Plachel, Lukas Willinger, Philipp Moroder, Brenda Laky, Leo Pauzenberger, Fritz Lomoschitz and Werner Anderl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:259

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  12. Content type: Review

    Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of bacterial and tuberculous spondylodiscitis and associated complications. Owing to its high sensitivity and specificity, it is a powe...

    Authors: Yogesh Kumar, Nishant Gupta, Avneesh Chhabra, Takeshi Fukuda, Neetu Soni and Daichi Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:244

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have explored cervical kyphosis (CK) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. However, few studies have evaluated the cervical alignment in these patients according to their coronal c...

    Authors: Ce Zhu, Xi Yang, Bangjian Zhou, Lei Wang, Chunguang Zhou, Tingxian Ling, Limin Liu and Yueming Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:220

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Prior studies describe histological and immunohistochemical differences in collagen and proteoglycan content in different meniscal zones. The aim of this study is to evaluate horizontal and vertical zonal diff...

    Authors: Shoichiro Takao, Tan B. Nguyen, Hon J. Yu, Shigeo Hagiwara, Yasuhito Kaneko, Taiki Nozaki, Seiji Iwamoto, Maki Otomo, Ran Schwarzkopf and Hiroshi Yoshioka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:202

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Radiographic features of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) are common findings in patients with chronic mechanical low back pain; however, its role in disability and intensity of pain is debatable. This study aim...

    Authors: Romain Shanil Perera, Poruwalage Harsha Dissanayake, Upul Senarath, Lalith Sirimevan Wijayaratne, Aranjan Lional Karunanayake and Vajira Harshadeva Weerabaddana Dissanayake

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:193

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Radiographic sacroiliitis is the hallmark of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and detection of acute sacroiliitis is pivotal for early diagnosis of AS. Although radiographic sacroiliitis is a distinguishing featur...

    Authors: Maria J. Antonelli and Marina Magrey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:170

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Enchondroma, a subtype of chondroma, originates from the medullary cavity of the bone and produces an expansile growth pattern. Enchondroma located in the spine is rare and a few cases of large thoracic enchon...

    Authors: Jing Guo, Ju-zhou Gao, Lian-jin Guo, Zhi-xun Yin and Er-xing He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:155

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Posterior epidural migration of lumbar disc fragments (PEMLDF) is extremely rare. It is often confused with other posterior lesions and is usually diagnosed intraoperatively. We here describe the use of preope...

    Authors: Morito Takano, Tomohiro Hikata, Soraya Nishimura and Michihiro Kamata

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:151

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Treatment of clavicular non- and malunion is still challenging. Current surgical procedures often result in frustrating functional outcome along with high-grade subjective impairment and increased rates of rev...

    Authors: Marc Beirer, Ingo J. Banke, Norbert Harrasser, Moritz Crönlein, Dominik Pförringer, Stefan Huber-Wagner, Peter Biberthaler and Chlodwig Kirchhoff

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:129

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