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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Modic 1 changes are usually associated with degenerative disc disease (DDD). We aimed to compare Modic 1 changes with advanced degenerative disc disease (>50%-intervertebral space narrowing [IVSN]) to Modic 1 ...

    Authors: Christelle Nguyen, Marylène Jousse, Serge Poiraudeau, Antoine Feydy and François Rannou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:34

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a common benign bone tumour that is rarely found in the talus. Its nidus is difficult to detect on early imaging. The atypical symptoms of OO and the presence of concurrent trauma or sp...

    Authors: Huan He, Hailin Xu, Hao Lu, Yu Dang, Wei Huang and Qing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:35

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  3. Content type: Technical advance

    There is increasing interest in paravertebral muscle composition as a potential prognostic and diagnostic element in lumbar spine health. As a consequence, it is becoming popular to use magnetic resonance imag...

    Authors: Rebecca J. Crawford, Jon Cornwall, Rebecca Abbott and James M. Elliott

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:25

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Our study aimed to investigate whether geometrical features (size, shape, or alignment parameters) of the femoral condyle affect the morphology of the trochlear groove.

    Authors: Zhe Du, Shichang Chen, Mengning Yan, Bing Yue, Yiming Zeng and You Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:4

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The Digital X-ray Radiogrammetry (DXR) method measures the cortical bone thickness in the shafts of the metacarpals and has demonstrated its relevance in the assessment of hand bone loss caused by rheumatoid a...

    Authors: Alexander Pfeil, Hans Henrik Thodberg, Diane M. Renz, Lisa Reinhardt, Peter Oelzner, Gunter Wolf and Joachim Böttcher

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:6

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Supra/interspinous ligaments connect adjacent spinous processes and act as a stabilizer of the spine. As with other spinal ligaments, it can become ossified. However, few report have discussed ossification sup...

    Authors: Kanji Mori, Toshitaka Yoshii, Takashi Hirai, Akio Iwanami, Kazuhiro Takeuchi, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Shoji Seki, Takashi Tsuji, Kanehiro Fujiyoshi, Mitsuru Furukawa, Soraya Nishimura, Kanichiro Wada, Masao Koda, Takeo Furuya, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Tomohiko Hasegawa…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:492

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Osteoporosis, osteoporosis-related fractures, and diabetes are considerable health burdens in Japan. Diabetes in patients with osteoporosis has been reported to be associated with increased fracture risk. This...

    Authors: Masayo Sato, Wenyu Ye, Tomoko Sugihara and Yoshitaka Isaka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:489

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Fluid in the subcutaneous fat is a common finding anterior to the knee on MRI. This may be caused by chronic low-grade shearing injuries in patients who are overweight. The purpose of this study was to determi...

    Authors: Trevor Gaunt, Frank Carey, John Cahir and Andoni Toms

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:487

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:1

  9. Content type: Case report

    The overlap syndrome of primary biliary cholangitis (formerly called primary biliary cirrhosis) and primary sclerosing cholangitis is an extremely rare condition that has never been described in association wi...

    Authors: Teresa Del Ross, Amelia Ruffatti, Annarosa Floreani, Ariela Hoxha and Leonardo Punzi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:485

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Bone marrow lesions (BMLs) in knee osteoarthritis (OA) can be assessed using fluid sensitive and contrast enhanced sequences. The association between BMLs and symptoms has been investigated in several studies ...

    Authors: Flemming K. Nielsen, Niels Egund, Anette Jørgensen, David A. Peters and Anne Grethe Jurik

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:479

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To describe the scoring methodology and MRI assessments used to evaluate the cross-sectional features observed in cases and controls, to define change over time for different MRI features, and to report the ex...

    Authors: Frank W. Roemer, Ali Guermazi, Jamie E. Collins, Elena Losina, Michael C. Nevitt, John A. Lynch, Jeffrey N. Katz, C. Kent Kwoh, Virginia B. Kraus and David J. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:466

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Pseudotumors associated with metal-on-metal hips can be symptomatic or asymptomatic. The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of pseudotumors associated with pain.

    Authors: Masahiro Hasegawa, Yohei Naito, Toshio Yamaguchi, Shinichi Miyazaki, Hiroki Wakabayashi and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:456

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the frequency of intra-articular osteoid osteoma (iaOO) in a large study cohort and to demonstrate its clinical relevance as an important differential dia...

    Authors: Tim Rolvien, Jozef Zustin, Haider Mussawy, Tobias Schmidt, Pia Pogoda and Peter Ueblacker

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:455

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Kirner’s deformity is a rare bony deformity that is characterized by radial and volar curvature of the distal phalanx of the fifth finger. Affected patients usually present after the age of 5 years, with girls...

    Authors: Melkamu Adeb, Daichi Hayashi and Yogesh Kumar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:440

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine is common, with severe disease increasing the risk for chronic low back pain. This cross-sectional study examined whether disc degeneration is representative of a ...

    Authors: Andrew J. Teichtahl, Donna M. Urquhart, Yuanyuan Wang, Anita E. Wluka, Richard O’Sullivan, Graeme Jones and Flavia M. Cicuttini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:439

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Neurogenic Myositis Ossificans (NMO) is a rare disabling pathology characterized by peri-articular heterotopic ossifications following severe peripheral or central nervous system injuries. It results in ankylo...

    Authors: Bruno Law-ye, Chloé Hangard, Adrien Felter, Dominique Safa, Philippe Denormandie, François Genet and Robert-Yves Carlier

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:433

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Vertebral bodies in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) usually have frontal wedge deformities. However, the plasticity of the deformed vertebrae in skeletally immature patients is unknown. The...

    Authors: Takahiro Makino, Takashi Kaito, Yusuke Sakai, Shota Takenaka, Kazuomi Sugamoto and Hideki Yoshikawa

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:424

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The condition of paraspinal muscles is known to be associated with some variables such as age, gender, and low back pain. It is generally agreed that these muscles play an important role in the stability and f...

    Authors: Janan Abbas, Viviane Slon, Hila May, Nathan Peled, Israel Hershkovitz and Kamal Hamoud

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:422

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  19. Content type: Research article

    After open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO), the proximal fragment resembles the anatomy of the proximal tibia that is aligned in the anterior-posterior direction and the distal fragment resembles the anato...

    Authors: Oui Sik Yoo, Yong Seuk Lee, Myung Chul Lee, Jae Hong Park, Jae Won Kim and Doo Hoon Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:423

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Recently, a grayscale inversion view was reported to improve intra- and inter-observer reliabilities in measuring coronal curvature with Cobb and pedicle methods in scoliosis patients. However, the grayscale t...

    Authors: Weixiang Sun, Jin Zhou, Xiaodong Qin, Leilei Xu, Xinxin Yuan, Yang Li, Yong Qiu and Zezhang Zhu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:411

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