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BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Acromial morphology has previously been defined as a risk factor for some shoulder pathologies. Yet, study results are inconclusive and not all major shoulder diseases have been sufficiently investigated. Thus...

    Authors: Philipp R. Heuberer, Fabian Plachel, Lukas Willinger, Philipp Moroder, Brenda Laky, Leo Pauzenberger, Fritz Lomoschitz and Werner Anderl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:259

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  2. Content type: Review

    Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of bacterial and tuberculous spondylodiscitis and associated complications. Owing to its high sensitivity and specificity, it is a powe...

    Authors: Yogesh Kumar, Nishant Gupta, Avneesh Chhabra, Takeshi Fukuda, Neetu Soni and Daichi Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:244

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Several studies have explored cervical kyphosis (CK) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. However, few studies have evaluated the cervical alignment in these patients according to their coronal c...

    Authors: Ce Zhu, Xi Yang, Bangjian Zhou, Lei Wang, Chunguang Zhou, Tingxian Ling, Limin Liu and Yueming Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:220

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Prior studies describe histological and immunohistochemical differences in collagen and proteoglycan content in different meniscal zones. The aim of this study is to evaluate horizontal and vertical zonal diff...

    Authors: Shoichiro Takao, Tan B. Nguyen, Hon J. Yu, Shigeo Hagiwara, Yasuhito Kaneko, Taiki Nozaki, Seiji Iwamoto, Maki Otomo, Ran Schwarzkopf and Hiroshi Yoshioka

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:202

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Radiographic features of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) are common findings in patients with chronic mechanical low back pain; however, its role in disability and intensity of pain is debatable. This study aim...

    Authors: Romain Shanil Perera, Poruwalage Harsha Dissanayake, Upul Senarath, Lalith Sirimevan Wijayaratne, Aranjan Lional Karunanayake and Vajira Harshadeva Weerabaddana Dissanayake

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:193

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Radiographic sacroiliitis is the hallmark of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and detection of acute sacroiliitis is pivotal for early diagnosis of AS. Although radiographic sacroiliitis is a distinguishing featur...

    Authors: Maria J. Antonelli and Marina Magrey

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:170

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Enchondroma, a subtype of chondroma, originates from the medullary cavity of the bone and produces an expansile growth pattern. Enchondroma located in the spine is rare and a few cases of large thoracic enchon...

    Authors: Jing Guo, Ju-zhou Gao, Lian-jin Guo, Zhi-xun Yin and Er-xing He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:155

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Posterior epidural migration of lumbar disc fragments (PEMLDF) is extremely rare. It is often confused with other posterior lesions and is usually diagnosed intraoperatively. We here describe the use of preope...

    Authors: Morito Takano, Tomohiro Hikata, Soraya Nishimura and Michihiro Kamata

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:151

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The physical dysfunction symptomatic of RA means people living with this disease spend large periods of the day s...

    Authors: Sally A. M. Fenton, Jet J. C. S. Veldhuijzen van Zanten, George D. Kitas, Joan L. Duda, Peter C. Rouse, Chen-an Yu and George S. Metsios

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:131

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Treatment of clavicular non- and malunion is still challenging. Current surgical procedures often result in frustrating functional outcome along with high-grade subjective impairment and increased rates of rev...

    Authors: Marc Beirer, Ingo J. Banke, Norbert Harrasser, Moritz Crönlein, Dominik Pförringer, Stefan Huber-Wagner, Peter Biberthaler and Chlodwig Kirchhoff

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:129

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  11. Content type: Research article

    A previous study reported a high prevalence of spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) in patients with Scheuermann kyphosis (SK) and suggested that it may play a role in the pathogenesis of this disease. According ...

    Authors: Zhen Zhang, Zhen Liu, Zezhang Zhu and Yong Qiu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:112

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Clinical swollen joint examination of the obese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient can be difficult. Musculoskeletal Ultrasound (MSUS) has higher sensitivity than physical examination for swollen joints (SJ). T...

    Authors: Erin M. Bauer, Ami Ben-Artzi, Erin L. Duffy, David A. Elashoff, Sitaram S. Vangala, John Fitzgerald and Veena K. Ranganath

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:99

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar radiculopathy remains a clinical challenge among primary care clinicians in both assessment and diagnosis. This often leads to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment of patients resulting in poor heal...

    Authors: Nassib Tawa, Anthea Rhoda and Ina Diener

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:93

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The primary objective of this study was to assess the interobserver and intraobserver agreement on ligamentous injuries on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute simple elbow dislocation. The s...

    Authors: Marc Schnetzke, Svenja Schüler, Johannes Hoffend, Rainer Simon, Holger Keil, Felix Porschke, Stefan Studier-Fischer, Paul-Alfred Grützner and Thorsten Guehring

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:85

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Several types of Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are commonly used in imaging of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), however till now there are no clear protocols and recommendations for each type. The aim of...

    Authors: A. M. Saied, C. Redant, M. El-Batouty, M. R. El-Lakkany, W. A. El-Adl, J. Anthonissen, R. Verdonk and E. A. Audenaert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:83

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Acetabular dysplasia (AD) is a well-known cause of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip, with its prevalence previously determined on plain radiography. The prevalence of preexisting AD was reported as 7.3% in a pat...

    Authors: Tomohiro Mimura, Kanji Mori, Masahiro Kitagawa, Mariko Ueki, Yuki Furuya, Taku Kawasaki and Shinji Imai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:50

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Spinal deformities affect the overall alignment of the spine and thus the vectors of loading on the lumbar region and intervertebral discs. Due to wedging of the disc or vertebrae of unbalanced spinal segments...

    Authors: Kamil Eyvazov, Dino Samartzis and Jason Pui Yin Cheung

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:51

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Due to the risk associated with exposure to ionizing radiation, there is an urgent need to identify areas of CT scanning overutilization. While increased use of diagnostic spinal imaging has been documented, n...

    Authors: Vikas V. Patel, Gunnar B. J. Andersson, Steven R. Garfin, Donald L. Resnick and Jon E. Block

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:52

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Some cadaveric studies have reported the role of the distal oblique bundle (DOB) in the distal radioulnar joint stability. We aimed to determine whether the presence of the DOB can be identified and its thickn...

    Authors: Yeon Ho Kim, Hyun Sik Gong, Jin Woo Park, Hyun Kyung Yang, Kahyun Kim and Goo Hyun Baek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:47

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