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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar epidural lipomatosis (LEL) is characterized by abnormal accumulation of unencapsulated adipose tissue in the spinal epidural space. Such accumulation compresses the dural sac and nerve roots, and result...

    Authors: Taketoshi Yasuda, Kayo Suzuki, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi, Shoji Seki, Hiroto Makino, Kenta Watanabe, Takeshi Hori, Tohru Yamagami, Masahiko Kanamori and Tomoatsu Kimura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:66

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a distinctive slow growing soft tissue neoplasm, mostly affecting young individuals with no gender difference. It usually arises in deep soft tissue of the lower limbs ...

    Authors: Yali Yue, Yongkang Liu, Lina Song, Xiao Chen, Yaohui Wang and Zhongqiu Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:65

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Research into the clinical importance of spinal MRI findings in patients with low back pain (LBP) has primarily focused on single imaging findings, such as Modic changes or disc degeneration, and found only we...

    Authors: Rikke K. Jensen, Peter Kent, Tue S. Jensen and Per Kjaer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:62

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  4. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to determine whether sex, hand length and the individual training status affect hand strength and whether these measurements differ if they are recorded using the Jamar dynamometer or a new cy...

    Authors: Alice Wichelhaus, Christoph Harms, Julia Neumann, Steffen Ziegler, Günther Kundt, Karl Josef Prommersberger, Thomas Mittlmeier and Marion Mühldorfer-Fodor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:54

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The posterior malleolar fragment (PMF) of an ankle fracture can have various shapes depending on the injury mechanism. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphological characteristics of the PMF acc...

    Authors: Young Yi, Dong-Il Chun, Sung Hun Won, Suyeon Park, Sanghyeon Lee and Jaeho Cho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:51

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Scaphoidectomy and midcarpal fusion can be performed using traditional fixation methods like K-wires, staples, screws or different dorsal (non)locking arthrodesis systems. The aim of this study is to test the ...

    Authors: Rebecca Woehl, Johannes Maier, Sebastian Gehmert, Christoph Palm, Birgit Riebschlaeger, Michael Nerlich and Michaela Huber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:52

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Axial loading during MRI (alMRI) combined with T2 mapping recently was shown as a promising method to reveal biomechanical intervertebral disc (IVD) characteristics. This feasibility study aims to investigate ...

    Authors: L. Torén, H. Hebelka, I. Kasperska, H. Brisby and K. Lagerstrand

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:25

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Cross-sectional imaging is not currently used in planning Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA). The aim of our study is to determine correlations between CT parameters and outcomes following THA.

    Authors: Michael A. Heffler, Ryan Barlow, Yin Xi, Daichi Hayashi, Hayden Box, Michael Huo and Avneesh Chhabra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:4

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Fatty Degeneration (FD) of the rotator cuff muscles influences functional and anatomical outcome after rotator cuff repair. The MRI based estimation of fatty degeneration is the gold standard. There is some ev...

    Authors: Fabian Gilbert, Detlef Klein, Andreas Max Weng, Herbert Köstler, Benedikt Schmitz, Jonas Schmalzl and Dirk Böhm

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:549

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies reported that in partial knee arthroplasty smooth transitions to the remaining native parts of the knee are important. However, in mobile-bearing unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) it is mand...

    Authors: Dietmar Dammerer, Michael Liebensteiner, Hannes Rochau, Christian Uprimny, Vinzenz Smekal, Ralf Rosenberger and Elvire Servien

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:532

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Majority of musculoskeletal cross-sectional imaging requests have a non-revealing and non-specific clinical history of pain. However, the location of pain is very relevant towards arriving at a specific orthop...

    Authors: Vibhor Wadhwa, Eric Weissman, Daichi Hayashi, Yin Xi and Avneesh Chhabra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:530

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The management of acute acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries depends on the degree of injury diagnosed by the Rockwood classification. Inadequate imaging and not selecting the most helpful imaging protocols c...

    Authors: Jonas Pogorzelski, Knut Beitzel, Francesco Ranuccio, Klaus Wörtler, Andreas B. Imhoff, Peter J. Millett and Sepp Braun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:515

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis that develops in patients with psoriasis. Inflammatory edema in the spine may reflect subclinical disease activity and be a predictor of radiograph...

    Authors: Ioanna Chronaiou, Ruth S. Thomsen, Else M. Huuse, Leslie R. Euceda, Susanne J. Pedersen, Mari Hoff and Beathe Sitter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:497

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) refers to narrowing of the lumbar central spinal canal, lateral recess, and/or neuro-foramina. Radiographic LSS plays an important role in clinical LSS but is not solely accountabl...

    Authors: Marie Doualla-Bija, Mbeng Ashu Takang, Emmanuella Mankaa, Jude Moutchia, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo and Henry Luma-Namme

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:494

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is now increasingly recognized as being related to the whole joint instead of the cartilage alone. In particular, the importance of subchondral bone in OA pathogenesis has drawn a lot of in...

    Authors: Chenglei Liu, Chang Liu, Xvhua Ren, Liping Si, Hao Shen, Qian Wang and Weiwu Yao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:496

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  16. Content type: Research article

    MRI analysis of subtalar ligaments in the tarsal sinus has not been well performed. We retrospectively investigated the appearance of subtalar ligaments using 3D isotropic MRI and compared imaging findings of ...

    Authors: Tae Hyung Kim, Sung Gyu Moon, Hong-Geun Jung and Na Ra Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:475

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies on shoulder patients have suggested that the prevalence of rotator cuff or bursa abnormalities are weakly related to symptoms and that similar findings are often found in asymptomatic persons....

    Authors: Elisabeth Kvalvaag, Masoud Anvar, Anna Cecilia Karlberg, Jens Ivar Brox, Kaia Beck Engebretsen, Helene Lundgaard Soberg, Niels Gunnar Juel, Erik Bautz-Holter, Leiv Sandvik and Cecilie Roe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:469

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  18. Content type: Research article

    With advancing stages of degeneration, denaturation and degradation of proteoglycans in the nucleus pulposus (NP) lead to tissue dehydration and signal intensity loss on T2-weighted MR images. Pfirrmann gradin...

    Authors: Shu-Hua Yang, Alejandro A. Espinoza Orías, Chien-Chou Pan, Issei Senoo, Gunnar B. J. Andersson, Howard S. An and Nozomu Inoue

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:473

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  19. Content type: Research article

    To determine effects of allogeneic human chondrocytes expressing TGF-β1 (TG-C) on structural progression of MRI features of knee osteoarthritis over a 1 year period.

    Authors: A. Guermazi, G. Kalsi, J. Niu, M. D. Crema, R. O. Copeland, A. Orlando, M. J. Noh and F. W. Roemer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:461

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