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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Comparisons across studies of generalized joint hypermobility are often difficult since there are several classification methods and methodological differences in the performance exist. The Beighton score is m...

    Authors: Angela Schlager, Kerstin Ahlqvist, Eva Rasmussen-Barr, Elisabeth Krefting Bjelland, Ronnie Pingel, Christina Olsson, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:376

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  2. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of evidence-based quantitative clinical methods to adequately assess posture. Our team developed a clinical photographic posture assessment tool (CPPAT) and implemented this tool in clinical pr...

    Authors: Carole Fortin, Paul van Schaik, Jean-François Aubin-Fournier, Josette Bettany-Saltikov, Jean-Claude Bernard and Debbie Ehrmann Feldman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:366

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  3. Content type: Research article

    An increased Head Shaft Angle (HSA) has been reported as a risk factor for hip displacement in children with cerebral palsy (CP) but opinions differ in the literature. The purpose of this study was to re-evalu...

    Authors: L Finlayson, T Czuba, M S Gaston, G Hägglund and J E Robb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:356

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Individual study results have demonstrated unclear relationships between neurocompressive disorders and paraspinal muscle morphology. This systematic review aimed to synthesize current evidence regarding the r...

    Authors: Jeffrey R. Cooley, Bruce F. Walker, Emad M. Ardakani, Per Kjaer, Tue S. Jensen and Jeffrey J. Hebert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:351

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Baker’s cyst is a benign lesion that results from degenerative or inflammatory diseases of the knee joint. When Baker’s cyst ruptures, it may simulate deep vein thrombosis known as Pseudothrombophlebitis syndr...

    Authors: Cevriye Mülkoğlu, Zeynep Alpoğuz Yılmaz, Barış Nacır and Hakan Genç

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:345

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Non-cemented acetabular cup components demonstrated different clinical performance depending on their surface texture or bearing couple. However, clinical osseointegration needs to be proved for each total joi...

    Authors: Anne Jacobsen, Frank Seehaus, Yutong Hong, Han Cao, Alexander Schuh, Raimund Forst and Stefan Sesselmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:335

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  7. Content type: Research article

    We sought to document the incidences of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In addition, we aimed to explor whether routine preoperative DVT evaluation was useful to esta...

    Authors: Moon Jong Chang, Min Kyu Song, Min Gyu Kyung, Jae Hoon Shin, Chong Bum Chang and Seung-Baik Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:274

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Isolated greater trochanter (GT) fractures are relatively rare and few studies have assessed the appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for these fractures. When initial plain radiographs show an is...

    Authors: Nam Hoon Moon, Won Chul Shin, Min Uk Do, Seung Hun Woo, Seung Min Son and Kuen Tak Suh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:256

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Sacral insufficiency fractures (SIFs) are a common cause of lower back pain in the elderly. However, because clinical symptoms are frequently vague and nonspecific and can mimic lumbar spine pathologies, initi...

    Authors: Yoon Yi Kim, Bo Mi Chung and Wan Tae Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:257

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Tibial plateau fractures (TPFs) are sometimes overlooked in the emergency room (ER). Using a national register covering 18 years we aimed to find out why and to evaluate if use of a specific radiographic decis...

    Authors: Cecilie Mullerup Kiel, Kim Lyngby Mikkelsen and Michael Rindom Krogsgaard

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:244

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The amount of fatty degeneration (FD) has major impact on the clinical result and cuff integrity after rotator cuff repair. A quantitative analysis with magnet resonance imaging (MRI) spectroscopy was employed...

    Authors: F. Gilbert, R. H. Meffert, J. Schmalzl, A. M. Weng, H. Köstler and L. Eden

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:197

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Accurate measurement of ankle dorsiflexion is important in both research and clinical practice as restricted motion has been associated with many foot pathologies and increased risk of ulcer in people with dia...

    Authors: A. Searle, M. J. Spink and V. H. Chuter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:183

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Chronic lower back pain is still regarded as a poorly understood multifactorial condition. Recently, the thoracolumbar fascia complex has been found to be a contributing factor. Ultrasound imaging has shown th...

    Authors: Kyra De Coninck, Karen Hambly, John W. Dickinson and Louis Passfield

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:180

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  14. Content type: Technical advance

    It has been suggested that the quantification of paravertebral muscle composition and morphology (e.g. size/shape/structure) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic po...

    Authors: James M. Elliott, Jon Cornwall, Ewan Kennedy, Rebecca Abbott and Rebecca J. Crawford

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:171

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The progression of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration leads to rupture within IVD tissues. The location and appearance of areas of gaseous radiolucency in the IVD, known as vacuum phenomena (VPs), are cons...

    Authors: Koichiro Murata, Koji Akeda, Norihiko Takegami, Kevin Cheng, Koichi Masuda and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:164

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Angioleiomyoma is a very rare benign solitary soft tissue neoplasm originating from smooth muscle layer of blood vessels. The tumor is usually located in the subcutis or the superficial fasciae, but less often...

    Authors: Chenxi Cao, Zhengming Cao, Guangyu Liu, Songyang Liu, Yanqi Ye and Tiezheng Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:163

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Since disc sequestration that mimics a tumor is rare and sometimes presents with an atypical appearance upon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), it is often confused with other more common epidural and intradura...

    Authors: Jingyu Jia, Qiangqiang Wei, Tianlong Wu, Dingwen He and Xigao Cheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:154

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  18. Content type: Research article

    dGEMRIC (delayed Gadolinium Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Image of Cartilage) is a well-established technique for cartilage quality assessment in osteoarthritis at clinical field strengths. The method is robust,...

    Authors: Pernilla Peterson, Carl Johan Tiderius, Emma Olsson, Björn Lundin, Lars E. Olsson and Jonas Svensson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:149

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Identification of poor prognostic factors for OVF is important but has not yet been clearly established. Despite paraspinal muscles could play an important role in the etiology of OVF, what influence time-depe...

    Authors: Marina Katsu, Tetsuro Ohba, Shigeto Ebata and Hirotaka Haro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:143

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is a syndrome characterized by abnormal proliferation of skin and periosteal tissues of the extremities. It can be a rare hereditary disease (pachydermoperiostosis) or can b...

    Authors: Francesco Bozzao, Stella Bernardi, Franca Dore, Lorenzo Zandonà and Fabio Fischetti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:145

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is commonly used to assess the health of the lumbar spine and supporting structures. Studies have suggested that fatty infiltration of the posterior lumbar muscles is important...

    Authors: David B. Berry, Jennifer Padwal, Seth Johnson, Callan L. Parra, Samuel R. Ward and Bahar Shahidi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:135

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two diagnostic tests routinely used for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)—ultrasonography (US) and nerve conduction studies (NCS)—by comparing t...

    Authors: Benedito Felipe Rabay Pimentel, Flávio Faloppa, Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki and João Carlos Belloti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:115

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in the cervical spine, it is well known that the thoracic ossified lesions often coexist with the cervical lesions and can cause seve...

    Authors: Takashi Hirai, Toshitaka Yoshii, Narihito Nagoshi, Kazuhiro Takeuchi, Kanji Mori, Shuta Ushio, Akio Iwanami, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Shoji Seki, Takashi Tsuji, Kanehiro Fujiyoshi, Mitsuru Furukawa, Soraya Nishimura, Kanichiro Wada, Takeo Furuya, Yukihiro Matsuyama…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:107

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  24. Content type: Research article

    We studied anteromedial varus angulation (VA) in the proximal third of the ulna. The importance of restoration of the anatomical orientation of the ulnar after a proximal fracture is unclear. The purpose of th...

    Authors: Xuchao Shi, Tianlong Pan, Dengying Wu, Rong Chen, Zeng Lin and Jun Pan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:103

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Force steadiness is a quantitative measure of the ability to control muscle tonus. It is an independent predictor of functional performance and has shown to correlate well with different degrees of motor impai...

    Authors: Andreas W. Blomkvist, Fredrik Eika, Eling D. de Bruin, Stig Andersen and Martin Jorgensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:96

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Representing 3%–5% of shoulder girdle injuries scapula fractures are rare. Furthermore, approximately 1% of scapula fractures are intraarticularfractures of the glenoid fossa. Because of uncertain fracture mor...

    Authors: F. Gilbert, L. Eden, R. Meffert, F. Konietschke, J. Lotz, L. Bauer and W. Staab

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:89

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Trigger wrist is a rare condition first described by Marti in 1960, and various causes have been reported. The condition mostly occurs with finger flexion and extension, and rarely with flexion and extension o...

    Authors: Yuichiro Matsui, Daisuke Kawamura, Hiroaki Kida, Kanako C. Hatanaka and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:90

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  28. Content type: Research article

    A concomitant tibial shaft and posterior malleolar fracture is a type of regular compound fracture. The associated posterior malleolar fractures are mostly occult fractures, which often do not show a fracture ...

    Authors: Zhipeng Huang, Yuan Liu, Wenjun Xie, Xiang Li, Xiaodong Qin and Jun Hu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:86

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Articular cartilage degeneration has been evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, this method has several problems, including its time-consuming nature and the requirement of a high magnetic fi...

    Authors: Okihiro Onishi, Kazuya Ikoma, Masamitsu Kido, Yukichi Kabuto, Keiichiro Ueshima, Ken-ichi Matsuda, Masaki Tanaka and Toshikazu Kubo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:81

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation has less approach-related morbidity than open screw placement and is allegedly less traumatizing on paravertebral muscles, as there is no requirement to mobilize and r...

    Authors: F. Gilbert, T. M. Heintel, M. G. Jakubietz, H. Köstler, C. Sebald, R. H. Meffert and A. M. Weng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:75

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar epidural lipomatosis (LEL) is characterized by abnormal accumulation of unencapsulated adipose tissue in the spinal epidural space. Such accumulation compresses the dural sac and nerve roots, and result...

    Authors: Taketoshi Yasuda, Kayo Suzuki, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi, Shoji Seki, Hiroto Makino, Kenta Watanabe, Takeshi Hori, Tohru Yamagami, Masahiko Kanamori and Tomoatsu Kimura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:66

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a distinctive slow growing soft tissue neoplasm, mostly affecting young individuals with no gender difference. It usually arises in deep soft tissue of the lower limbs ...

    Authors: Yali Yue, Yongkang Liu, Lina Song, Xiao Chen, Yaohui Wang and Zhongqiu Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:65

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Research into the clinical importance of spinal MRI findings in patients with low back pain (LBP) has primarily focused on single imaging findings, such as Modic changes or disc degeneration, and found only we...

    Authors: Rikke K. Jensen, Peter Kent, Tue S. Jensen and Per Kjaer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:62

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  34. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to determine whether sex, hand length and the individual training status affect hand strength and whether these measurements differ if they are recorded using the Jamar dynamometer or a new cy...

    Authors: Alice Wichelhaus, Christoph Harms, Julia Neumann, Steffen Ziegler, Günther Kundt, Karl Josef Prommersberger, Thomas Mittlmeier and Marion Mühldorfer-Fodor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:54

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The posterior malleolar fragment (PMF) of an ankle fracture can have various shapes depending on the injury mechanism. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphological characteristics of the PMF acc...

    Authors: Young Yi, Dong-Il Chun, Sung Hun Won, Suyeon Park, Sanghyeon Lee and Jaeho Cho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:51

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Scaphoidectomy and midcarpal fusion can be performed using traditional fixation methods like K-wires, staples, screws or different dorsal (non)locking arthrodesis systems. The aim of this study is to test the ...

    Authors: Rebecca Woehl, Johannes Maier, Sebastian Gehmert, Christoph Palm, Birgit Riebschlaeger, Michael Nerlich and Michaela Huber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:52

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Axial loading during MRI (alMRI) combined with T2 mapping recently was shown as a promising method to reveal biomechanical intervertebral disc (IVD) characteristics. This feasibility study aims to investigate ...

    Authors: L. Torén, H. Hebelka, I. Kasperska, H. Brisby and K. Lagerstrand

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:25

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Cross-sectional imaging is not currently used in planning Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA). The aim of our study is to determine correlations between CT parameters and outcomes following THA.

    Authors: Michael A. Heffler, Ryan Barlow, Yin Xi, Daichi Hayashi, Hayden Box, Michael Huo and Avneesh Chhabra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:4

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Fatty Degeneration (FD) of the rotator cuff muscles influences functional and anatomical outcome after rotator cuff repair. The MRI based estimation of fatty degeneration is the gold standard. There is some ev...

    Authors: Fabian Gilbert, Detlef Klein, Andreas Max Weng, Herbert Köstler, Benedikt Schmitz, Jonas Schmalzl and Dirk Böhm

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:549

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies reported that in partial knee arthroplasty smooth transitions to the remaining native parts of the knee are important. However, in mobile-bearing unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) it is mand...

    Authors: Dietmar Dammerer, Michael Liebensteiner, Hannes Rochau, Christian Uprimny, Vinzenz Smekal, Ralf Rosenberger and Elvire Servien

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:532

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Majority of musculoskeletal cross-sectional imaging requests have a non-revealing and non-specific clinical history of pain. However, the location of pain is very relevant towards arriving at a specific orthop...

    Authors: Vibhor Wadhwa, Eric Weissman, Daichi Hayashi, Yin Xi and Avneesh Chhabra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:530

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The management of acute acromioclavicular (AC) joint injuries depends on the degree of injury diagnosed by the Rockwood classification. Inadequate imaging and not selecting the most helpful imaging protocols c...

    Authors: Jonas Pogorzelski, Knut Beitzel, Francesco Ranuccio, Klaus Wörtler, Andreas B. Imhoff, Peter J. Millett and Sepp Braun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:515

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis that develops in patients with psoriasis. Inflammatory edema in the spine may reflect subclinical disease activity and be a predictor of radiograph...

    Authors: Ioanna Chronaiou, Ruth S. Thomsen, Else M. Huuse, Leslie R. Euceda, Susanne J. Pedersen, Mari Hoff and Beathe Sitter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:497

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) refers to narrowing of the lumbar central spinal canal, lateral recess, and/or neuro-foramina. Radiographic LSS plays an important role in clinical LSS but is not solely accountabl...

    Authors: Marie Doualla-Bija, Mbeng Ashu Takang, Emmanuella Mankaa, Jude Moutchia, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo and Henry Luma-Namme

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:494

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is now increasingly recognized as being related to the whole joint instead of the cartilage alone. In particular, the importance of subchondral bone in OA pathogenesis has drawn a lot of in...

    Authors: Chenglei Liu, Chang Liu, Xvhua Ren, Liping Si, Hao Shen, Qian Wang and Weiwu Yao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:496

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  46. Content type: Research article

    With advancing stages of degeneration, denaturation and degradation of proteoglycans in the nucleus pulposus (NP) lead to tissue dehydration and signal intensity loss on T2-weighted MR images. Pfirrmann gradin...

    Authors: Shu-Hua Yang, Alejandro A. Espinoza Orías, Chien-Chou Pan, Issei Senoo, Gunnar B. J. Andersson, Howard S. An and Nozomu Inoue

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:473

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