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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common spinal condition and the most frequent indication for spinal surgery in elderly people. General practitioners (GPs) are on the 1st line for its diagnosis and treatment. We...

    Authors: Marie-Ombeline Chagnas, Serge Poiraudeau, Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, François Rannou and Christelle Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:431

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Existing ultrashort echo time magnetic resonance imaging (UTE MRI) methods require prohibitively long acquisition times (~ 20–40 min) to quantitatively assess the clinically relevant fast decay T2* component in l...

    Authors: Takeshi Fukuda, Kenneth Wengler, Dharmesh Tank, Seth Korbin, James M. Paci, David E. Komatsu, Megan Paulus, Mingqian Huang, Elaine Gould, Mark E. Schweitzer and Xiang He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:426

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Gout in spine is rare and commonly mimics some infectious or tumoral lesions, the differentiation of spinal gout from other diseases is not always easy. We report a case of gout involved cervical disc and adja...

    Authors: Suying Zhou, Yundan Xiao, Xin Liu, Yi Zhong and Haitao Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:425

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) can effectively treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Although satisfactory clinical outcomes can be achieved, bone cement leakage remains a primary complic...

    Authors: Shuai Zhang, Gao Ju Wang, Qing Wang, Jin Yang, Shuang Xu and Chao Hua Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:423

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is used to estimate peak bone mass, define osteoporosis and predict fracture. However, as aBMD is calculated as bone minera...

    Authors: Erik Lindgren, Björn E. Rosengren and Magnus K. Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:404

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare idiopathic autoinflammatory bone disease that mostly affects children and adolescents. It is a diagnosis of exclusions since no clinical signs and sy...

    Authors: Joanna Świdrowska-Jaros and Elżbieta Smolewska

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:392

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard in diagnosing rotator cuff pathology; however, there is a lack of studies investigating the reliability agreement for supraspinatus partial-thickness tears...

    Authors: João Alberto Yazigi Junior, Fábio Anauate Nicolao, Nicola Archetti Netto, Fabio Teruo Matsunaga, Jéssica Hae Lim Lee, Stéphanie Yuri Torres Ogata, Leonardo Massamaro Sugawara, André Yui Aihara and Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:383

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between radiographic measurement in lumbar spine and clinical information including symptoms or results of functional testing using a baseline data of l...

    Authors: Kosuke Uehara, Masami Akai, Tokuhide Doi, Hiroyuki Oka and Tsutomu Iwaya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:379

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  9. Content type: Research article

    During ambulatory follow-up of patients with cerebral palsy (CP) systematic radiographic screening is required firstly to evaluate hip migration and development in the prevention of hip dislocation and secondl...

    Authors: Jef Neirynck, Renee Proost and Anja Van Campenhout

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:366

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The present study aims to describe the imaging features in incident radiographic patellofemoral osteoarthritis (RPFOA) population in a Chinese suburban area.

    Authors: Yudian Qiu, Chutong Lin, Qiang Liu, Qunjie Zhong, Ke Tao, Dan Xing, Hu Li and Jianhao Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:359

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Fibrous hamartoma of infancy(FHI) is a rare benign lesion most frequently occurring within the first year of life. So far, just over 200 cases have been reported in the English literature, in which the radiolo...

    Authors: Yang Ji, Peizhen Hu, Chuanshan Zhang, Qingguo Yan, Hong Cheng, Ming Han, Zhe Huang, Xia Wang, Heng Li and Yuedong Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:356

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  12. Content type: Research article

    We assessed the morphological differences in the knee joint related to knee rotation angle in patients with hip dysplasia. These results may explain the anatomy of the knee in patients with hip dysplasia and a...

    Authors: Norio Imai, Dai Miyasaka, Yuki Hirano, Hayato Suzuki, Kazuki Tsuchiya and Naoto Endo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:353

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Isolated rectus femoris (RF) contracture is encountered very rarely in orthopaedic practices. There are few reports on its imaging manifestations and no cases reported to be treated with arthroscopy.

    Authors: Yunfeng Zhou, Zhengzheng Zhang, Jingyi Hou and Rui Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:350

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a relatively common complication following hip surgery treated with open reduction and internal fixation, total arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty. Development of HO after hip su...

    Authors: Daichi Hayashi, Elaine S. Gould, Corey Ho, Dennis L. Caruana, David E. Komatsu, Jie Yang, Chencan Zhu, Musa Mufti and James Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:348

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The endplate-intervertebral disc (IVD) complex is closely interrelated with the vertebral body (VB) in the structural integrity of the anterior spinal column, including biomechanical and biological functions. ...

    Authors: Tatsuhiko Fujiwara, Koji Akeda, Junichi Yamada, Tetsushi Kondo and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:336

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Radiological assessments are considered an important part of the management of patellar instability (PI). However, PI measurements are influenced by the knee position, which cannot be guaranteed to be the same...

    Authors: Qin Ye, Taihen Yu, Yinbo Wu, Xiaonan Ding and Xiangyang Gong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:317

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of postoperative pain management is an important factor that influences the final outcome of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Whether liposomal bupivacaine offers better efficacy compared with tradi...

    Authors: Yuan Liu, Yi Zeng, Junfeng Zeng, Mingyang Li, Wenxing Wei and Bin Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:306

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  18. Content type: Technical advance

    Intramuscular fat infiltration is a critical factor in surgical decision-making and is the most important factor used to prognosticate surgical repair outcomes in patients with rotator cuff tears. Quantitative...

    Authors: Rajan Khanna, Matthew D. Saltzman, James M. Elliott, Mark A. Hoggarth, Guido M. Marra, Imran Omar, Todd Parrish and Amee L. Seitz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:295

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Intramedullary hyperintense lesions associated with spinal cord edema on T2-weighted MR images (T2WI) are rare findings in patients with cervical spondylosis and are poorly characterized. We investigated the c...

    Authors: Naohiro Tachibana, Takeshi Oichi, So Kato, Yusuke Sato, Hiroyuki Hasebe, Shima Hirai, Yuki Taniguchi, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Harushi Mori, Sakae Tanaka and Yasushi Oshima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:284

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) often develop scoliosis that progresses rapidly after loss of ambulation. Management of scoliosis is crucial because it affects both life expectancy and quality ...

    Authors: Young-Ah Choi, Hyung-Ik Shin and Hyun Iee Shin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:277

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  21. Content type: Research article

    It is difficult to diagnose the pathology of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) clinically. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic value of standard non-enhancing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...

    Authors: Jung Youn Kim, Sung-Min Rhee and Yong Girl Rhee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:270

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Due to the high anatomical variability and limited visualization of the scapula, optimal screw placement for baseplate anchorage in reversed total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) is challenging. Image quality pla...

    Authors: Jan Theopold, Philipp Pieroh, Ralf Henkelmann, Georg Osterhoff and Pierre Hepp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:262

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Periprosthetic fractures (PPF) present a common cause for revision surgery after arthroplasty. The choice of performing either an osteosynthesis or revision arthroplasty depends on the orthopedic implant ancho...

    Authors: Markus Rupp, Stefanie Kern, Abdullah Ismat, Thaqif El Khassawna, Gero Knapp, Gabor Szalay, Christian Heiss and Christoph Biehl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:258

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Although overuse wrist injuries can have serious consequences, young athletes often do not immediately report their injury to a physician. This qualitative study aimed to identify symptoms and limitations rela...

    Authors: Laura S. Kox, Jip Opperman, P. Paul F. M. Kuijer, Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs, Mario Maas and Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:235

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  25. Content type: Research article

    In the past few decades, there has been an increasing focus on the importance of patient involvement in the health care system. Patient participation executed through patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and the i...

    Authors: Natasha Lee Sørensen, Lianna Hede Hammeken, Janus Laust Thomsen and Lars Holger Ehlers

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:230

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  26. Content type: Research article

    As treatment of Dupuytren disease (DD) is expected to shift towards prevention of progression, the use of imaging in patients with DD becomes more important. In this systematic review an overview is given of t...

    Authors: Sanne Molenkamp, Roel J. M. van Straalen, Paul M. N. Werker and Dieuwke C. Broekstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:224

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Thumb-base osteoarthritis (OA) is a common cause of pain and disability This study aimed to investigate the associations of musculoskeletal ultrasound OA pathologies with the extent of pain, function, radiogra...

    Authors: Win Min Oo, Leticia A. Deveza, Vicky Duong, Kai Fu, James M. Linklater, Edward A. Riordan, Sarah R. Robbins and David J. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:220

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Diseased, injured, or dysfunctional skeletal muscles may demonstrate abnormal function and contractility. Currently, only few in vivo imaging techniques are able to characterize the contractile properties of m...

    Authors: Lars Henrik Frich, Kate Lykke Lambertsen, John Hjarbaek, Jordi Sanchez Dahl and Anders Holsgaard-Larsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:192

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Actinomycosis is a rare, chronic granulomatous disease caused by Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that colonize the oral cavity. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is the most frequent clinical presentation of actino...

    Authors: Dong Jin Ryu, Yoon Sang Jeon, Hea Yoon Kwon, Suk Jin Choi, Tae Hoon Roh and Myung Ku Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:185

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2 and T1ρ relaxation are increasingly being proposed as imaging biomarkers potentially capable of detecting biochemical changes in articular cartilage before structural change...

    Authors: Hayden F. Atkinson, Trevor B. Birmingham, Rebecca F. Moyer, Daniel Yacoub, Lauren E. Kanko, Dianne M. Bryant, Jonathan D. Thiessen and R. Terry Thompson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:182

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone-forming tumour, which very unfrequently has multifocal or multicentric presentation. We report the first known case of a multicentric, multifocal and recurrent osteoid osteoma ...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Cortese, Domenico Albano, Carmelo Messina, Giuseppe Perrucchini, Enrico Gallazzi, Mauro Battista Gallazzi, Primo Andrea Daolio and Luca Maria Sconfienza

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:171

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) has been gradually adopted for the treatment of severe carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, perioperative assessment of neuroanatomical parameters of median nerve, whi...

    Authors: Miao Li, Jue Jiang, Qi Zhou and Chen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:157

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Gorham-Stout syndrome (GSS) with spinal involvement is extremely rare, and bilateral chylothorax as a complication is usually fatal. In our case, pleural effusion appeared in the left hemithorax after ligating...

    Authors: Peng Wang, Wenbo Liao, Guangru Cao and Yongyan Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:154

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  34. Content type: Database

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the modality of choice for diagnosing and monitoring muscular tissue pathologies and bone marrow alterations in the context of lower back pain, neuromuscular diseases and os...

    Authors: Egon Burian, Alexander Rohrmeier, Sarah Schlaeger, Michael Dieckmeyer, Maximilian N. Diefenbach, Jan Syväri, Elisabeth Klupp, Dominik Weidlich, Claus Zimmer, Ernst J. Rummeny, Dimitrios C. Karampinos, Jan S. Kirschke and Thomas Baum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:152

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Humeral stress fractures are rare injuries usually related to sports practice and joint overload without a direct trauma. A proximal humeral stress fracture has never been reported in a CrossFit athlete.

    Authors: Ivan R. B. Godoy, Eduardo A. Malavolta, Jan Stefan Lundberg, Jader J. da Silva and Abdalla Skaf

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:150

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:289

  36. Content type: Research article

    Although the stenotic femoral intercondylar notch was associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, the parameters for notch assessment were numerous. The present study aimed to compare the 2-dime...

    Authors: Chengyuan Zhang, Xuancheng Zhang, Zhaoyi Fang, Feng Wang, Feng Yuan, Guoming Xie and Jinzhong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:146

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Microvascular problems like increased intraosseous pressure or venous congestion may influence the development of Kienböck’s disease. We examined if wrist position modifies the blood flow in the nutrient vessels.

    Authors: S. Kim, F. Eichenauer, A. Asmus, S. Mutze, A. Eisenschenk and P. Honigmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:143

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of plain radiographic methods of determining the lunate type and its compatibility with magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) findings.

    Authors: Ji Hun Park, Tae Wook Kang, Jimi Choi, Seul Gi Kim, Kyung-Sik Ahn and Jong Woong Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:128

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Spinal surgery requires an intimate understanding of pedicle morphology to provide safe and effective outcomes. Although current research has attempted to identify morphological vertebral pedicle trends, no st...

    Authors: Robert Stockton, Joseph Albano, Jonathon Lentz, Maximillian Ganz, Kanwarpaul Grewal and Gus Katsigiorgis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:114

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to determine the pre-operative factors that are associated with reparability of the large-sized and massive rotator cuff tears.

    Authors: Vanasiri Kuptniratsaikul, Thongchai Laohathaimongkol, Vantawat Umprai, Chuenrutai Yeekian and Niti Prasathaporn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:111

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is a serious human endemic chronic osteochondral disease. However, quantitative syntheses of X-ray detective rate studies for KBD are rare. We performed an initial systematic review a...

    Authors: Xi Wang, Yujie Ning, Amin Liu, Xin Qi, Meidan Liu, Pan Zhang and Xiong Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:78

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  42. Content type: Study protocol

    At any one time, one in every five Canadians has low back pain (LBP), and LBP is one of the most common health problems in primary care. Guidelines recommend that imaging not be routinely performed in patients...

    Authors: Simon D. French, Michael E. Green, R. Sacha Bhatia, Yingwei Peng, Jill A. Hayden, Jan Hartvigsen, Noah M. Ivers, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Christopher M. Booth, Lucia Rühland and Kathleen E. Norman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:50

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Multifocal osteonecrosis (ON) is defined as ON involving three or more distinct anatomical sites. We investigated the clinical characteristics and utility of whole-body bone scans (WBBS) in patients with multi...

    Authors: Young-Sil An, Sunghoon Park, Ju-Yang Jung, Chang-Hee Suh and Hyoun-Ah Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:23

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  44. Content type: Case report

    Osteoid osteoma is a painful benign skeletal tumour of unknown aetiology. Most often it occurs in the long bones of extremities and responds well to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. However, unusual...

    Authors: Josip Vlaic, Lovro Lamot, Sven Simunic, Miroslav Harjacek and Davor Bojic

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:17

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