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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

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  1. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a catastrophic complication after total knee or hip arthroplasty. The diagnosis of PJI is very difficult, especially in the early postoperative period. The value of the ...

    Authors: Bao-Zhan Yu, Jun Fu, Wei Chai, Li-Bo Hao and Ji-Ying Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:706

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Among the paraspinal muscles, the structure and function of the lumbar multifidus (LM) has become of great interest to researchers and clinicians involved in lower back pain and muscle rehabilitation. Ultrasou...

    Authors: Clyde J. Belasso, Bahareh Behboodi, Habib Benali, Mathieu Boily, Hassan Rivaz and Maryse Fortin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:703

    Content type: Database

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  3. Regarding the increasing application of neuromusculoskeletal sonography among medical specialties, specifically physiatrists, this study aims to assess the knowledge and skill level of these specialists in neu...

    Authors: Leyla Khodadadi, Afshin Karimzade, Seyed Mansoor Rayegani, Nafisseh Jafarian, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Sina Yasrebi, Arash Babaei-Ghazani and Bina Eftekharsadat

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:680

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Dexterity impairments caused by carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) make working and daily activities challenging. We aimed to investigate: i) the relationship between dexterity and nerve conduction studies (NCS) in ...

    Authors: Francesco Sartorio, Francesca Dal Negro, Elisabetta Bravini, Giorgio Ferriero, Stefano Corna, Marco Invernizzi and Stefano Vercelli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:679

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Fetal skeletal dysplasia (FSD) comprises a complex group of systemic bone and cartilage disorders. Many FSD phenotypes have indistinct definitions, making definitive prenatal diagnosis difficult. The condition...

    Authors: Miyoko Waratani, Fumitake Ito, Yukiko Tanaka, Aki Mabuchi, Taisuke Mori and Jo Kitawaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:662

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Gout has been associated with weaker foot/leg muscles and altered gait patterns. There is also evidence of on-going foot pain and an increased risk of tendinopathy, with the Achilles and patella tendons most f...

    Authors: Simon Otter, Catherine Payne, Anna-Marie Jones, Nick Webborn and Peter Watt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:658

    Content type: Research article

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  7. To investigate the effect of the difference in C2–7 angle on dysphagia after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with the Zero-P Implant System.

    Authors: Cheng-Yi Huang, Yang Meng, Bei-Yu Wang, Jie Yu, Chen Ding, Yi Yang, Ting-Kui Wu and Hao Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:649

    Content type: Research article

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  8. We aimed to analyze the clinical results of Schwab grade 4 osteotomy combined with percutaneous pedicle screws (PPS) fixation for treatment of post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis (PTK).

    Authors: Wubo Liu, Yiwei Zhao, Suomao Yuan, Yonghao Tian and Xinyu Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:638

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The tibial slope plays an important role in knee surgery. However, standard radiographic measurement techniques have a low reproducibility and do not allow differentiation between medial and lateral articular ...

    Authors: Armando Hoch, Lukas Jud, Tabitha Roth, Lazaros Vlachopoulos, Philipp Fürnstahl and Sandro F. Fucentese

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:635

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the pilosebaceous unit. Isotretinoin is an effective treatment option for severe acne. The aim of this study was to evaluate musculoskeletal side effec...

    Authors: Nermin Karaosmanoğlu and Cevriye Mülkoğlu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:631

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Bone turnover and metabolic indicators are related to age and gender. Age and gender should be matched in subjects in disease control research of bone turnover and metabolism, but strict matching of gender and...

    Authors: Ju Shao, Shao-Song Zhou, Yuan Qu, Bi-Bo Liang, Qing-Hong Yu and Jing Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:603

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Neuropathic pain (NP) is common in patients presenting with low back related leg pain. Accurate diagnosis of NP is fundamental to ensure appropriate intervention. In the absence of a clear gold standard, exper...

    Authors: Jai Mistry, Deborah Falla, Tim Noblet, Nicola R. Heneghan and Alison Rushton

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:601

    Content type: Research article

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  13. An understanding of the clinical features of inflammation in low back pain with or without leg symptoms may allow targeted evaluations of anti-inflammatory treatment in randomised-controlled-trials and clinica...

    Authors: Jon J. Ford, Omar Kaddour, Michael Gonzales, Patrick Page and Andrew J. Hahne

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:567

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Although computed tomography (CT) is commonly used to diagnose the scoliotic spine in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) preoperatively, it is limited by the high radiation and prone scanning ...

    Authors: Kwong Hang Yeung, Gene Chi Wai Man, Tsz Ping Lam, Bobby Kin Wah Ng, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng and Winnie Chiu Wing Chu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:558

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Combined anterior and posterior ankle impingement has seldom been reported. Cedell fracture, fracture of posteromedial tubercle of talus, is an uncommon and easily missed injury which may elicit posteromedial ...

    Authors: De-an Qin, Zhi-zhen Jin and Jie-fu Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:556

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Recovery of motor dysfunction is important for patients with incomplete cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). To enhance the recovery of muscle strength, both research and treatments mainly focus on injury of upp...

    Authors: Jun Li, Yancheng Zhu, Yang Li, Shisheng He and Deguo Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:549

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Kashin–Beck disease (KBD) is a disabling osteoarticular disease involving growth and joint cartilage. Early diagnosis can effectively prevent the progress of the disease. However, the early diagnosis of it is ...

    Authors: Yong Li, Pengde Kang, Zongke Zhou, Fuxing Pei, Qing He and Dike Ruan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:540

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Denis and Ferguson et al.’s three-column spinal theory has been widely accepted and applied. However, this three-column theory was proposed based solely on observation and experience without thorough documente...

    Authors: Qihang Su, Cong Li, Yongchao Li, Zifei Zhou, Shuiqiang Zhang, Song Guo, Xiaofei Feng, Meijun Yan, Yan Zhang, Jinbiao Zhang, Jie Pan, Biao Cheng and Jun Tan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:537

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Previous studies have confirmed the feasibility of the cortical bone trajectory (CBT) technique. However, there are few reports on spinous process violation and screw penetration during the screw insertion. Th...

    Authors: Lilian Zhang, Naifeng Tian, Jian Yang, Wenfei Ni and Liya Jin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:536

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Multiple definitions are used to investigate injuries in musicians, resulting in a wide range of prevalence rates. The aim of this study is to establish the impact of different injury definitions on the preval...

    Authors: Suze Steemers, Marienke van Middelkoop, Gideon G. de Boks, Rogier M. van Rijn, Sita M. A. Bierma-Zeinstra and Janine H. Stubbe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:534

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Low back-related leg pain (LBLP) is a challenge for healthcare providers to manage. Neuropathic pain (NP) is highly prevalent in presentations of LBLP and an accurate diagnosis of NP in LBLP is essential to en...

    Authors: Jai Mistry, Nicola R. Heneghan, Tim Noblet, Deborah Falla and Alison Rushton

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:532

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. The thoracic spine (TS) has been neglected in the study of the spine despite its essential role in the stability and posture of the entire spinal complex. Therefore, there is an inevitable need to investigate ...

    Authors: Jani Takatalo, Jari Ylinen, Tuomo Pienimäki and Arja Häkkinen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:529

    Content type: Research article

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  23. A locked thumb metacarpophalangeal joint is a rare condition that presents as restricted joint motions with mild hyperextension deformity, usually after a relatively minor hyperextension injury. Owing to the l...

    Authors: Kyung-Sik Ahn, In Cheul Choi, Chang Ho Kang and Jong Woong Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:509

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  24. The assessment of generalized joint hypermobility is difficult due to differences in classification methods and in the performance of joint mobility assessment. The primary aim was to evaluate the validity of ...

    Authors: Angela Schlager, Kerstin Ahlqvist, Ronnie Pingel, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar, Christina B. Olsson and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:514

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Patellar tendon rupture is a rare condition, especially when it is bilateral. The most frequent associated pathologies are systemic lupus erythematosus, chronic renal failure, or treatments like corticosteroid...

    Authors: Zakaria El Ouali, Kawtar Nassar, Elie Bassa, Reda Taoussi, Mouna Sabiri, Mohamed Rafai and Saadia Janani

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:477

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is common during pregnancy but the causes remain poorly understood. Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) is an inherited trait, with joint mobility beyond normal limits and is assumed...

    Authors: Kerstin Ahlqvist, Elisabeth Krefting Bjelland, Ronnie Pingel, Angela Schlager, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:474

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Currently, few studies have described the relationship between functional MRI findings and histology of normal sacroiliac joint (SIJ). Besides, due to the difficulties in access to SIJ, authentic animal models...

    Authors: Jian Qin, Qianqian Yao, Xubo Ge, Jianzhong Zhu, Zhaoliang Yin, Xiaoqian Li and Changqin Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:472

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Sciatica is common and associated with significant impacts for the individual and society. The SCOPiC randomised controlled trial (RCT) (trial registration: ISRCTN75449581) tested stratified primary care for s...

    Authors: Benjamin Saunders, Kika Konstantinou, Majid Artus, Nadine E Foster and Bernadette Bartlam

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:469

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Making decisions in alignment techniques in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains controversial. This study aims to identify the potential patients who were suitable for the kinematic (KA) or mechanical alignm...

    Authors: Chong Luan, Dong-Tan Xu, Ning-Jie Chen, Fei-Fei Wang, Kang-Song Tian, Chao Wei and Xian-Bin Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:443

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. The development of developmental dysplasia of the hip can be attributed to several risk factors and often in combination with each other. When predicting the likelihood of developing this condition, clinicians...

    Authors: Andreas Roposch, Evangelia Protopapa, Olivia Malaga-Shaw, Yael Gelfer, Paul Humphries, Deborah Ridout and John H. Wedge

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:442

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) is a condition associated with recurrent low back pain (LBP). Knowledge regarding effective management is limited. As a step towards the identification of risk, prognostic or pot...

    Authors: Janet A. Deane, Anastasia V. Pavlova, Adrian K. P. Lim, Jennifer S. Gregory, Richard M. Aspden and Alison H. McGregor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:433

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASDis) is a major complication following spinal fusion. Sagittal spinopelvic imbalance may contribute to the development of ASDis. However, the exact ideal correction of l...

    Authors: Shan-Jin Wang, Shu-Bao Zhang, Yu-Yang Yi, Hao-Wei Xu and De-Sheng Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:429

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Although MRI is the gold-standard imaging method in the diagnosis of spondylodiscitis, role of follow-up imaging is debated and there can be discrepancies with regard to the significance of bony or soft tissue...

    Authors: Kyung-Sik Ahn, Chang Ho Kang, Suk-Joo Hong, Baek Hyun Kim and Euddeum Shim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:428

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Charcot spinal arthropathy, also known as Charcot spine and neuropathic spinal arthropathy, is a progressive and destructive condition that affects an intervertebral disc and the adjacent vertebral bodies foll...

    Authors: Ji Hyun Ryu, Jun-Seok Lee, Chang-Rack Lim, Wan Jae Cho and Ki-Won Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:412

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  35. In the current diagnostic procedure, generally, both plain radiographs and 3D-CT scans are used for the diagnosis of acetabular fractures. There is no consensus regarding the value of a three-dimensional compu...

    Authors: Sepideh Abdi Tazeabadi, Shima Ghafourian Noroozi, Meysam Salehzadeh, Mansour Bahardoust, Hossein Farahini, Mikaiel Hajializade and Ali Yeganeh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:405

    Content type: Research article

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  36. To evaluate paraspinal back muscles of asymptomatic subjects using qualitative and quantitative analysis on CT and MRI and correlate the results with demographic data.

    Authors: Eun Kyung Khil, Jung-Ah Choi, Eunjin Hwang, Sabrilhakim Sidek and Il Choi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:403

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The aim of the present study was to describe and measure the occipital-cervical distance by a novel method utilizing the occiput-C4 distance (OC4D) in normal subjects, as a proposed tool to guide restoration o...

    Authors: Chao Tang, Sheng Yang, Ye Hui Liao, Qiang Tang, Fei Ma, Qing Wang and De Jun Zhong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:385

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. To evaluate the reliability of two different techniques for measuring penetration and distribution of the cement mantle in the proximal tibia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with Computer Tomography (CT) i...

    Authors: Hennie Verburg, Linda van Zeeland Koobs, Dieu Donné Niesten, Peter Pilot and Nina Mathijssen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:374

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Thoracolumbar burst fractures can be treated with posterior short-segment fixation. However, no classification can help to estimate whether the healed vertebral body will have sufficient stability after implan...

    Authors: Changxiang Liang, Guihua Liu, Guoyan Liang, Xiaoqing Zheng, Dong Yin, Dan Xiao, Shixing Zeng, Honghua Cai and Yunbing Chang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:373

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Modic Changes (MCs, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal changes in the vertebral bone marrow extending from the vertebral endplate) may represent a subgroup of nonspecific chronic low back pain that could ...

    Authors: Lars Christian Haugli Bråten, Elina Iordanova Schistad, Ansgar Espeland, Per Martin Kristoffersen, Anne Julsrud Haugen, Gunn Hege Marchand, Nils Vetti, Are Hugo Pripp, Thomas Istvan Kadar, Jan Sture Skouen, Margreth Grotle, Lars Grøvle, John-Anker Zwart, Jens Ivar Brox and Kjersti Storheim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:368

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Conventional fat quantification methods for rotator cuff muscles have various limitations, such as inconsistent reliabilities of the Goutallier grades and need for advanced techniques in quantitative MRI seque...

    Authors: Dokwan Lee, Ki-Taek Hong, Wonhee Lee, Eun Kyung Khil, Guen Young Lee, Jung-Ah Choi and Yongnam Song

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:362

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is a common treatment option for paravertebral or psoas abscesses (PAs) in patients with spinal tuberculosis (ST). However, its efficacy remains controversial. The aim of the s...

    Authors: Zhifa Zhang, Yongyu Hao, Xiangyu Wang, Zhirong Zheng, Xuelin Zhao, Chunguo Wang, Xifeng Zhang and Xuesong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:353

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Synovial fluid culture is the standard investigation for the preoperative diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). However, the culture has limited sensitivity and requires several days until result....

    Authors: Christian Morgenstern, Nora Renz, Sabrina Cabric, Elena Maiolo, Carsten Perka and Andrej Trampuz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:345

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. To study the correlation of neurological function in degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) patients with quantitative assessment of spinal cord compression and impairment by intraoperative ultrasound imaging ...

    Authors: Guoliang Chen, Jiachun Li, Fuxin Wei, Qiao Ji, Wenyuan Sui, Bailing Chen, Xuenong Zou, Zuofeng Xu, Xizhe Liu and Shaoyu Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:336

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. In most institutions, arterial embolization (AE) remains a standard procedure to achieve hemostasis during the resuscitation of patients with pelvic fractures. However, the actual benefits of AE are controvers...

    Authors: Chih-Yang Lai, I-Chuan Tseng, Chun-Yi Su, Yung-Heng Hsu, Ying-Chao Chou, Huan-Wu Chen and Yi-Hsun Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:335

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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