Skip to main content


Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

Page 1 of 6

  1. Content type: Research article

    The endplate-intervertebral disc (IVD) complex is closely interrelated with the vertebral body (VB) in the structural integrity of the anterior spinal column, including biomechanical and biological functions. ...

    Authors: Tatsuhiko Fujiwara, Koji Akeda, Junichi Yamada, Tetsushi Kondo and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:336

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Radiological assessments are considered an important part of the management of patellar instability (PI). However, PI measurements are influenced by the knee position, which cannot be guaranteed to be the same...

    Authors: Qin Ye, Taihen Yu, Yinbo Wu, Xiaonan Ding and Xiangyang Gong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:317

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of postoperative pain management is an important factor that influences the final outcome of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Whether liposomal bupivacaine offers better efficacy compared with tradi...

    Authors: Yuan Liu, Yi Zeng, Junfeng Zeng, Mingyang Li, Wenxing Wei and Bin Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:306

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Technical advance

    Intramuscular fat infiltration is a critical factor in surgical decision-making and is the most important factor used to prognosticate surgical repair outcomes in patients with rotator cuff tears. Quantitative...

    Authors: Rajan Khanna, Matthew D. Saltzman, James M. Elliott, Mark A. Hoggarth, Guido M. Marra, Imran Omar, Todd Parrish and Amee L. Seitz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:295

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Intramedullary hyperintense lesions associated with spinal cord edema on T2-weighted MR images (T2WI) are rare findings in patients with cervical spondylosis and are poorly characterized. We investigated the c...

    Authors: Naohiro Tachibana, Takeshi Oichi, So Kato, Yusuke Sato, Hiroyuki Hasebe, Shima Hirai, Yuki Taniguchi, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Harushi Mori, Sakae Tanaka and Yasushi Oshima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:284

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) often develop scoliosis that progresses rapidly after loss of ambulation. Management of scoliosis is crucial because it affects both life expectancy and quality ...

    Authors: Young-Ah Choi, Hyung-Ik Shin and Hyun Iee Shin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:277

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    It is difficult to diagnose the pathology of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) clinically. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic value of standard non-enhancing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...

    Authors: Jung Youn Kim, Sung-Min Rhee and Yong Girl Rhee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:270

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Due to the high anatomical variability and limited visualization of the scapula, optimal screw placement for baseplate anchorage in reversed total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) is challenging. Image quality pla...

    Authors: Jan Theopold, Philipp Pieroh, Ralf Henkelmann, Georg Osterhoff and Pierre Hepp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:262

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Periprosthetic fractures (PPF) present a common cause for revision surgery after arthroplasty. The choice of performing either an osteosynthesis or revision arthroplasty depends on the orthopedic implant ancho...

    Authors: Markus Rupp, Stefanie Kern, Abdullah Ismat, Thaqif El Khassawna, Gero Knapp, Gabor Szalay, Christian Heiss and Christoph Biehl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:258

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Although overuse wrist injuries can have serious consequences, young athletes often do not immediately report their injury to a physician. This qualitative study aimed to identify symptoms and limitations rela...

    Authors: Laura S. Kox, Jip Opperman, P. Paul F. M. Kuijer, Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs, Mario Maas and Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:235

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    In the past few decades, there has been an increasing focus on the importance of patient involvement in the health care system. Patient participation executed through patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and the i...

    Authors: Natasha Lee Sørensen, Lianna Hede Hammeken, Janus Laust Thomsen and Lars Holger Ehlers

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:230

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    As treatment of Dupuytren disease (DD) is expected to shift towards prevention of progression, the use of imaging in patients with DD becomes more important. In this systematic review an overview is given of t...

    Authors: Sanne Molenkamp, Roel J. M. van Straalen, Paul M. N. Werker and Dieuwke C. Broekstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:224

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Thumb-base osteoarthritis (OA) is a common cause of pain and disability This study aimed to investigate the associations of musculoskeletal ultrasound OA pathologies with the extent of pain, function, radiogra...

    Authors: Win Min Oo, Leticia A. Deveza, Vicky Duong, Kai Fu, James M. Linklater, Edward A. Riordan, Sarah R. Robbins and David J. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:220

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Diseased, injured, or dysfunctional skeletal muscles may demonstrate abnormal function and contractility. Currently, only few in vivo imaging techniques are able to characterize the contractile properties of m...

    Authors: Lars Henrik Frich, Kate Lykke Lambertsen, John Hjarbaek, Jordi Sanchez Dahl and Anders Holsgaard-Larsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:192

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Case report

    Actinomycosis is a rare, chronic granulomatous disease caused by Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that colonize the oral cavity. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is the most frequent clinical presentation of actino...

    Authors: Dong Jin Ryu, Yoon Sang Jeon, Hea Yoon Kwon, Suk Jin Choi, Tae Hoon Roh and Myung Ku Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:185

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2 and T1ρ relaxation are increasingly being proposed as imaging biomarkers potentially capable of detecting biochemical changes in articular cartilage before structural change...

    Authors: Hayden F. Atkinson, Trevor B. Birmingham, Rebecca F. Moyer, Daniel Yacoub, Lauren E. Kanko, Dianne M. Bryant, Jonathan D. Thiessen and R. Terry Thompson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:182

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Case report

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone-forming tumour, which very unfrequently has multifocal or multicentric presentation. We report the first known case of a multicentric, multifocal and recurrent osteoid osteoma ...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Cortese, Domenico Albano, Carmelo Messina, Giuseppe Perrucchini, Enrico Gallazzi, Mauro Battista Gallazzi, Primo Andrea Daolio and Luca Maria Sconfienza

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:171

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) has been gradually adopted for the treatment of severe carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, perioperative assessment of neuroanatomical parameters of median nerve, whi...

    Authors: Miao Li, Jue Jiang, Qi Zhou and Chen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:157

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Case report

    Gorham-Stout syndrome (GSS) with spinal involvement is extremely rare, and bilateral chylothorax as a complication is usually fatal. In our case, pleural effusion appeared in the left hemithorax after ligating...

    Authors: Peng Wang, Wenbo Liao, Guangru Cao and Yongyan Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:154

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Database

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the modality of choice for diagnosing and monitoring muscular tissue pathologies and bone marrow alterations in the context of lower back pain, neuromuscular diseases and os...

    Authors: Egon Burian, Alexander Rohrmeier, Sarah Schlaeger, Michael Dieckmeyer, Maximilian N. Diefenbach, Jan Syväri, Elisabeth Klupp, Dominik Weidlich, Claus Zimmer, Ernst J. Rummeny, Dimitrios C. Karampinos, Jan S. Kirschke and Thomas Baum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:152

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Case report

    Humeral stress fractures are rare injuries usually related to sports practice and joint overload without a direct trauma. A proximal humeral stress fracture has never been reported in a CrossFit athlete.

    Authors: Ivan R. B. Godoy, Eduardo A. Malavolta, Jan Stefan Lundberg, Jader J. da Silva and Abdalla Skaf

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:150

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:289

  22. Content type: Research article

    Although the stenotic femoral intercondylar notch was associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, the parameters for notch assessment were numerous. The present study aimed to compare the 2-dime...

    Authors: Chengyuan Zhang, Xuancheng Zhang, Zhaoyi Fang, Feng Wang, Feng Yuan, Guoming Xie and Jinzhong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:146

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Microvascular problems like increased intraosseous pressure or venous congestion may influence the development of Kienböck’s disease. We examined if wrist position modifies the blood flow in the nutrient vessels.

    Authors: S. Kim, F. Eichenauer, A. Asmus, S. Mutze, A. Eisenschenk and P. Honigmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:143

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of plain radiographic methods of determining the lunate type and its compatibility with magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) findings.

    Authors: Ji Hun Park, Tae Wook Kang, Jimi Choi, Seul Gi Kim, Kyung-Sik Ahn and Jong Woong Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:128

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    Spinal surgery requires an intimate understanding of pedicle morphology to provide safe and effective outcomes. Although current research has attempted to identify morphological vertebral pedicle trends, no st...

    Authors: Robert Stockton, Joseph Albano, Jonathon Lentz, Maximillian Ganz, Kanwarpaul Grewal and Gus Katsigiorgis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:114

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to determine the pre-operative factors that are associated with reparability of the large-sized and massive rotator cuff tears.

    Authors: Vanasiri Kuptniratsaikul, Thongchai Laohathaimongkol, Vantawat Umprai, Chuenrutai Yeekian and Niti Prasathaporn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:111

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is a serious human endemic chronic osteochondral disease. However, quantitative syntheses of X-ray detective rate studies for KBD are rare. We performed an initial systematic review a...

    Authors: Xi Wang, Yujie Ning, Amin Liu, Xin Qi, Meidan Liu, Pan Zhang and Xiong Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:78

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Study protocol

    At any one time, one in every five Canadians has low back pain (LBP), and LBP is one of the most common health problems in primary care. Guidelines recommend that imaging not be routinely performed in patients...

    Authors: Simon D. French, Michael E. Green, R. Sacha Bhatia, Yingwei Peng, Jill A. Hayden, Jan Hartvigsen, Noah M. Ivers, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Christopher M. Booth, Lucia Rühland and Kathleen E. Norman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:50

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Multifocal osteonecrosis (ON) is defined as ON involving three or more distinct anatomical sites. We investigated the clinical characteristics and utility of whole-body bone scans (WBBS) in patients with multi...

    Authors: Young-Sil An, Sunghoon Park, Ju-Yang Jung, Chang-Hee Suh and Hyoun-Ah Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:23

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Case report

    Osteoid osteoma is a painful benign skeletal tumour of unknown aetiology. Most often it occurs in the long bones of extremities and responds well to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. However, unusual...

    Authors: Josip Vlaic, Lovro Lamot, Sven Simunic, Miroslav Harjacek and Davor Bojic

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:17

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Subchondral bone cysts are a widely observed, but poorly understood, feature in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Clinical quantitative computed tomography (QCT) has the potential to characterize cysts i...

    Authors: Wadena D. Burnett, Saija A. Kontulainen, Christine E. McLennan, Diane Hazel, Carl Talmo, David R. Wilson, David J. Hunter and James D. Johnston

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:14

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Elderly hip fracture (HF) patients are at very high risk of developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which increases their perioperative mortality. However, data focusing on the admission prevalence of DVT in el...

    Authors: Fei Xing, Lang Li, Ye Long and Zhou Xiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:444

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Newly developed simultaneous multi-slice (SMS) scans are now being introduced as a clinical application in neuroimaging. We examined the feasibility of SMS scans for joint imaging. The purpose of the present s...

    Authors: Mayuko Haraikawa, Masashi Suzuki, Kaiji Inoue, Eito Kozawa, Junji Tanaka and Mamoru Niitsu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:440

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    A precise comparison of supine and standing whole spine alignment in both the coronal and sagittal planes, including the pelvic parameters, has not been reported. Furthermore, previous studies investigated pos...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Masashi Okamoto, Shun Hatsushikano, Gabriel Caseiro and Kei Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:437

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    “Killer turn” effect is a critical explanation for the recurrent posterior laxity following transtibial posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction, which affected by the angle of the tibial tunnel. Meanw...

    Authors: Xiaohui Zhang, Yuanjun Teng, Xinxin Yang, Rui Li, Chongwen Ma, Hong Wang, Hua Han, Bin Geng and Yayi Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:436

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) of skeletal muscle has the potential to be a sensitive diagnostic and/or prognostic tool in complex, enigmatic neuromusculoskeletal conditions such as spi...

    Authors: Jacob G. McPherson, Andrew C. Smith, Daniel A. Duben, Katie L. McMahon, Marie Wasielewski, Todd B. Parrish and James M. Elliott

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:433

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Various types of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) findings are used to differentiate malignant vertebral fractures (MVFs) from osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs). The distingu...

    Authors: Zi Li, Ming Guan, Dong Sun, Yong Xu, Feng Li and Wei Xiong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:406

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Case report

    Negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) is a rare complication that is more prevalent in young patients. NPPE usually results from acute upper airway obstruction, which is most commonly caused by laryngospasm...

    Authors: Guo Chen, Xian-di Wang, Hong-fei Nie, Zhi-qiang Yang, Kang Chen, Zhu-hai Li, Yue-ming Song, Fu-xing Pei and Jian-cheng Zeng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:401

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Three dimensional (3D) markerless asymmetry analysis was developed to assess and monitor the scoliotic curve. While the developed surface topography (ST) indices demonstrated a strong correlation with the Cobb an...

    Authors: Maliheh Ghaneei, Amin Komeili, Yong Li, Eric C. Parent and Samer Adeeb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:385

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Comparisons across studies of generalized joint hypermobility are often difficult since there are several classification methods and methodological differences in the performance exist. The Beighton score is m...

    Authors: Angela Schlager, Kerstin Ahlqvist, Eva Rasmussen-Barr, Elisabeth Krefting Bjelland, Ronnie Pingel, Christina Olsson, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:376

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of evidence-based quantitative clinical methods to adequately assess posture. Our team developed a clinical photographic posture assessment tool (CPPAT) and implemented this tool in clinical pr...

    Authors: Carole Fortin, Paul van Schaik, Jean-François Aubin-Fournier, Josette Bettany-Saltikov, Jean-Claude Bernard and Debbie Ehrmann Feldman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:366

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    An increased Head Shaft Angle (HSA) has been reported as a risk factor for hip displacement in children with cerebral palsy (CP) but opinions differ in the literature. The purpose of this study was to re-evalu...

    Authors: L Finlayson, T Czuba, M S Gaston, G Hägglund and J E Robb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:356

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Individual study results have demonstrated unclear relationships between neurocompressive disorders and paraspinal muscle morphology. This systematic review aimed to synthesize current evidence regarding the r...

    Authors: Jeffrey R. Cooley, Bruce F. Walker, Emad M. Ardakani, Per Kjaer, Tue S. Jensen and Jeffrey J. Hebert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:351

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Case report

    Baker’s cyst is a benign lesion that results from degenerative or inflammatory diseases of the knee joint. When Baker’s cyst ruptures, it may simulate deep vein thrombosis known as Pseudothrombophlebitis syndr...

    Authors: Cevriye Mülkoğlu, Zeynep Alpoğuz Yılmaz, Barış Nacır and Hakan Genç

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:345

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Non-cemented acetabular cup components demonstrated different clinical performance depending on their surface texture or bearing couple. However, clinical osseointegration needs to be proved for each total joi...

    Authors: Anne Jacobsen, Frank Seehaus, Yutong Hong, Han Cao, Alexander Schuh, Raimund Forst and Stefan Sesselmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:335

    Published on:

2018 Journal Metrics