Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

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  1. Research article

    T1rho and T2 relaxation times of the normal adult knee meniscus at 3T: analysis of zonal differences

    Prior studies describe histological and immunohistochemical differences in collagen and proteoglycan content in different meniscal zones. The aim of this study is to evaluate horizontal and vertical zonal diff...

    Shoichiro Takao, Tan B. Nguyen, Hon J. Yu, Shigeo Hagiwara, Yasuhito Kaneko, Taiki Nozaki, Seiji Iwamoto, Maki Otomo, Ran Schwarzkopf and Hiroshi Yoshioka

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:202

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Associations between disc space narrowing, anterior osteophytes and disability in chronic mechanical low back pain: a cross sectional study

    Radiographic features of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) are common findings in patients with chronic mechanical low back pain; however, its role in disability and intensity of pain is debatable. This study aim...

    Romain Shanil Perera, Poruwalage Harsha Dissanayake, Upul Senarath, Lalith Sirimevan Wijayaratne, Aranjan Lional Karunanayake and Vajira Harshadeva Weerabaddana Dissanayake

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:193

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  3. Case report

    Sacroiliitis mimics: a case report and review of the literature

    Radiographic sacroiliitis is the hallmark of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and detection of acute sacroiliitis is pivotal for early diagnosis of AS. Although radiographic sacroiliitis is a distinguishing featur...

    Maria J. Antonelli and Marina Magrey

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:170

    Published on: 22 April 2017

  4. Case report

    Discography aids definitive diagnosis of posterior epidural migration of lumbar disc fragments: case report and literature review

    Posterior epidural migration of lumbar disc fragments (PEMLDF) is extremely rare. It is often confused with other posterior lesions and is usually diagnosed intraoperatively. We here describe the use of preope...

    Morito Takano, Tomohiro Hikata, Soraya Nishimura and Michihiro Kamata

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:151

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Mid-term outcome following revision surgery of clavicular non- and malunion using anatomic locking compression plate and iliac crest bone graft

    Treatment of clavicular non- and malunion is still challenging. Current surgical procedures often result in frustrating functional outcome along with high-grade subjective impairment and increased rates of rev...

    Marc Beirer, Ingo J. Banke, Norbert Harrasser, Moritz Crönlein, Dominik Pförringer, Stefan Huber-Wagner, Peter Biberthaler and Chlodwig Kirchhoff

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:129

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Sedentary behaviour is associated with increased long-term cardiovascular risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis independently of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity

    Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The physical dysfunction symptomatic of RA means people living with this disease spend large periods of the day s...

    Sally A. M. Fenton, Jet J. C. S. Veldhuijzen van Zanten, George D. Kitas, Joan L. Duda, Peter C. Rouse, Chen-an Yu and George S. Metsios

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:131

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  7. Research article

    Joint-specific assessment of swelling and power Doppler in obese rheumatoid arthritis patients

    Clinical swollen joint examination of the obese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient can be difficult. Musculoskeletal Ultrasound (MSUS) has higher sensitivity than physical examination for swollen joints (SJ). T...

    Erin M. Bauer, Ami Ben-Artzi, Erin L. Duffy, David A. Elashoff, Sitaram S. Vangala, John Fitzgerald and Veena K. Ranganath

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:99

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  8. Research article

    Interobserver and intraobserver agreement of ligamentous injuries on conventional MRI after simple elbow dislocation

    The primary objective of this study was to assess the interobserver and intraobserver agreement on ligamentous injuries on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute simple elbow dislocation. The s...

    Marc Schnetzke, Svenja Schüler, Johannes Hoffend, Rainer Simon, Holger Keil, Felix Porschke, Stefan Studier-Fischer, Paul-Alfred Grützner and Thorsten Guehring

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:85

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  9. Research article

    Accuracy of magnetic resonance studies in the detection of chondral and labral lesions in femoroacetabular impingement: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Several types of Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are commonly used in imaging of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), however till now there are no clear protocols and recommendations for each type. The aim of...

    A. M. Saied, C. Redant, M. El-Batouty, M. R. El-Lakkany, W. A. El-Adl, J. Anthonissen, R. Verdonk and E. A. Audenaert

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:83

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  10. Research article

    Utilization of CT scanning associated with complex spine surgery

    Due to the risk associated with exposure to ionizing radiation, there is an urgent need to identify areas of CT scanning overutilization. While increased use of diagnostic spinal imaging has been documented, n...

    Vikas V. Patel, Gunnar B. J. Andersson, Steven R. Garfin, Donald L. Resnick and Jon E. Block

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:52

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  11. Research article

    Multiplanar evaluation of radiological findings associated with acetabular dysplasia and investigation of its prevalence in an Asian population: a CT-based study

    Acetabular dysplasia (AD) is a well-known cause of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip, with its prevalence previously determined on plain radiography. The prevalence of preexisting AD was reported as 7.3% in a pat...

    Tomohiro Mimura, Kanji Mori, Masahiro Kitagawa, Mariko Ueki, Yuki Furuya, Taku Kawasaki and Shinji Imai

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:50

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  12. Research article

    Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of the distal oblique bundle in the distal interosseous membrane of the forearm

    Some cadaveric studies have reported the role of the distal oblique bundle (DOB) in the distal radioulnar joint stability. We aimed to determine whether the presence of the DOB can be identified and its thickn...

    Yeon Ho Kim, Hyun Sik Gong, Jin Woo Park, Hyun Kyung Yang, Kahyun Kim and Goo Hyun Baek

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:47

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  13. Research article

    Physical examination tests of the shoulder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test performance

    Physical examination tests of the shoulder (PETS) are clinical examination maneuvers designed to aid the assessment of shoulder complaints. Despite more than 180 PETS described in the literature, evidence of t...

    Sigmund Ø. Gismervik, Jon O. Drogset, Fredrik Granviken, Magne Rø and Gunnar Leivseth

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:41

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  14. Research article

    Intervertebral disc and vertebral endplate subchondral changes associated with Modic 1 changes of the lumbar spine: a cross-sectional study

    Modic 1 changes are usually associated with degenerative disc disease (DDD). We aimed to compare Modic 1 changes with advanced degenerative disc disease (>50%-intervertebral space narrowing [IVSN]) to Modic 1 ...

    Christelle Nguyen, Marylène Jousse, Serge Poiraudeau, Antoine Feydy and François Rannou

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:34

    Published on: 23 January 2017

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