Skip to main content

Advertisement

Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

Page 1 of 8

  1. To study the correlation of neurological function in degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) patients with quantitative assessment of spinal cord compression and impairment by intraoperative ultrasound imaging ...

    Authors: Guoliang Chen, Jiachun Li, Fuxin Wei, Qiao Ji, Wenyuan Sui, Bailing Chen, Xuenong Zou, Zuofeng Xu, Xizhe Liu and Shaoyu Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:336

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. In most institutions, arterial embolization (AE) remains a standard procedure to achieve hemostasis during the resuscitation of patients with pelvic fractures. However, the actual benefits of AE are controvers...

    Authors: Chih-Yang Lai, I-Chuan Tseng, Chun-Yi Su, Yung-Heng Hsu, Ying-Chao Chou, Huan-Wu Chen and Yi-Hsun Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:335

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. The anteroposterior view of the lumbar plain radiograph (AP-LPR) was chosen as the original and first radiographic tool to determine and classify lumbosacral transitional vertebra with morphological abnormalit...

    Authors: Lisheng Hou, Xuedong Bai, Haifeng Li, Tianjun Gao, Wei Li, Tianyong Wen, Qing He, Dike Ruan, Lijing Shi and Wei Bing

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:333

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. The need for a transfusion is one of the adverse events following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and accurately predicting this need remains challenging for arthroplasty surgeons. The purpose of the present re...

    Authors: Chuan Hu, Yuan-he Wang, Rui Shen, Chuan Liu, Kang Sun, Lin Ye, Jian-jun Ye, Xu Yang, Shao-qi Tian and Teng-bo Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:315

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Lumbar multifidus (LM) is regarded as the major stabilizing muscle of the spine. The effects of exercise therapy in low back pain (LBP) are attributed to this muscle. A current literature review is warranted, ...

    Authors: Anke Hofste, Remko Soer, Hermie J. Hermens, Heiko Wagner, Frits G. J. Oosterveld, André P. Wolff and Gerbrand J. Groen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:312

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Neurogenic origin intermittent claudication is typically caused by lumbar spinal canal stenosis. However, there are few reports of intermittent claudication caused by cervical spinal cord compression.

    Authors: Takuhei Kozaki, Akihito Minamide, Hiroshi Iwasaki, Yasutsugu Yuakawa, Muneharu Ando and Hiroshi Yamada

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:302

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  7. We aimed to determine if composite structural measures of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) progression on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can predict the radiographic onset of accelerated knee osteoarthritis.

    Authors: Matthew S. Harkey, Julie E. Davis, Lori Lyn Price, Robert J. Ward, James W. MacKay, Charles B. Eaton, Grace H. Lo, Mary F. Barbe, Ming Zhang, Jincheng Pang, Alina C. Stout, Bing Lu, Timothy E. McAlindon and Jeffrey B. Driban

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:299

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Acute hip pain caused by femoral proximal fractures or acute hip arthritis requires imaging for accurate diagnosis. Although pocket-sized ultrasound (PsUS) offers several advantages over other imaging modaliti...

    Authors: Takashi Akimoto, Tadashi Kobayashi, Hiroki Maita, Hiroshi Osawa and Hiroyuki Kato

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:291

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) lesions commonly cause ulnar-sided wrist pain and instability of the distal radioulnar joint. Due to its triangular shape, discontinuity of the TFCC is oftentimes diffi...

    Authors: Jan-Peter Grunz, Carsten Herbert Gietzen, Karsten Luetkens, Matthias Wagner, Karlheinz Kalb, Thorsten Alexander Bley, Lukas Lehmkuhl, Jörg van Schoonhoven, Tobias Gassenmaier and Rainer Schmitt

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:286

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Synovial sarcoma (SS) is one of the reported sarcomas in the pediatric and adult populations. Delay in diagnosis and treatment is common in SS cases. SS may be excised before the correct diagnosis is made.

    Authors: Omar A. Al-Mohrej, Saeed A. Al-Jarallah, Hamad H. Al-Dakhil Allah, Rajeev Pant and Zayed S. Al-Zayed

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:283

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  11. The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of avulsion fractures of the distal fibula for lateral ankle sprain in children and compare it to that of...

    Authors: Yoshiyuki Takakura, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Ryuichiro Akagi, Makoto Kamegaya, Seiji Kimura, Hirofumi Tanaka and Tetsuro Yasui

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:276

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Extreme lumbar spinal stenosis was thought to be a relative contraindication for lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) and was excluded in most studies. This is a retrospective study to analyze the radiograph...

    Authors: Jun Li, Hao Li, Ning Zhang, Zhi-wei Wang, Teng-fei Zhao, Lin-wei Chen, Gang Chen, Qi-xin Chen and Fang-cai Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:259

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Since a “gold-standard” is missing, diagnosing periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a challenge in orthopedic surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of serum and synovial fluid...

    Authors: André Busch, Marcus Jäger, Harald Engler, Marcel Haversath, Charlotte Bielefeld, Stefan Landgraeber and Alexander Wegner

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:257

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. To investigate the relationship between femoral or tibial torsion and hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (mLDFA), or mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA) in patients...

    Authors: Shuntaro Nejima, Yasushi Akamatsu, Hideo Kobayashi, Masaki Tsuji, Shota Mitsuhashi, Takahiro Sasaki, Ken Kumagai and Yutaka Inaba

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:254

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Lumbar disc degeneration seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is defined as loss of signal intensity and/or disc height, alone or in combination with other MRI findings. The MRI findings and thresholds use...

    Authors: Line Dragsbæk, Per Kjaer, Mark Hancock and Tue Secher Jensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:253

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Only a small proportion of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are diagnosed on initial healthcare consultation. Current clinical guidelines do not acknowledge that primary point-of-care practitioners rely ...

    Authors: Jackie L. Whittaker, Michelle Chan, Bo Pan, Imran Hassan, Terry Defreitas, Catherine Hui, Luciana Macedo and David Otto

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:252

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. In recent years, structured reporting has been shown to be beneficial with regard to report completeness and clinical decision-making as compared to free-text reports (FTR). However, the impact of structured r...

    Authors: Su Hwan Kim, Lara M. Sobez, Judith E. Spiro, Adrian Curta, Felix Ceelen, Eric Kampmann, Martin Goepfert, Raphael Bodensohn, Felix G. Meinel, Wieland H. Sommer, Nora N. Sommer and Franziska Galiè

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:248

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. To determine the radiographic characteristics of wrists in idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome patients, we compared the radiographic parameters of the wrists between carpal tunnel syndrome patients and non-symp...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Ikeda, Yuichi Yoshii, Takeshi Ogawa and Tomoo Ishii

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:245

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Osteochondroma is a benign tumor that occurs mainly at the metaphysis of long bones and seldom arises from carpal bones. We describe an extremely rare case of osteochondroma of the hamate without a typical car...

    Authors: Makoto Motomiya, Taiki Sakazaki and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:231

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  20. Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare complex vessel malformation syndrome characterized by venous varicosities, capillary malformations, and limb hypertrophy. However, extensive heterotopic ossification ...

    Authors: Wanbo Zhu, Kai Xie, Jiazhao Yang, Li Li, Xujin Wang, Lei Xu and Shiyuan Fang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:223

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  21. Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED) is a common skeletal dysplasia that is characterized by variable degrees of epiphyseal abnormality primarily involving the hip and knee joints. Mutations in a gene encoding ...

    Authors: Thuong Thi Ho, Linh Huyen Tran, Lan Thu Hoang, Phuong Kim Thi Doan, Trang Thi Nguyen, Trang Hong Nguyen, Hoai Thu Tran, Ha Hoang, Ha Hoang Chu and Anh Lan Thi Luong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:216

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  22. Psoriasis (Pso), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are inflammatory diseases. PsA and RA are characterized by bone and muscle loss. In RA, bone loss has been extensively characterized, bu...

    Authors: Andreas Friedberger, Camille Figueiredo, Alexandra Grimm, Isabelle d’Oliveira, Tobias Bäuerle, Jürgen Rech, Arnd Kleyer, David Simon, Michael Uder, Georg Schett and Klaus Engelke

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:203

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Varus deformities of the knee are frequently corrected by osteotomies, which should be performed at the level of origin. But in contrast to high tibial osteotomies (HTO), little data exists for distal femoral ...

    Authors: Julian Fürmetz, Sven Patzler, Florian Wolf, Nikolaus Degen, Wolf Christian Prall, Chris Soo, Wolfgang Böcker and Peter Helmut Thaller

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:201

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Scoliosis is a spine abnormal deviation, which is an idiopathic disorder among children and adolescents. As a matter of the fact, distribution of loads on the patient’s spine and load-carrying capacity of the ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Nouri, S. Hooman Ghasemi and Ji Yun Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:199

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Meniscal cysts are not uncommon in clinical practice, with reported incidence rates varying from 1 to 22%. Most meniscal cysts are parameniscal cysts, which are created by extravasation of synovial fluid throu...

    Authors: Young-mo Kim, Darryl D. D’Lima, Yong-bum Joo and Il-young Park

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:190

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  26. Approximately 80% of adolescent scoliosis cases are idiopathic, and some non-idiopathic scoliosis cases caused by spinal cord abnormalities are misdiagnosed as idiopathic scoliosis. This study examined the ris...

    Authors: Wei Xu, Xiangyang Zhang, Ying Zhu, Xiaodong Zhu, Zhikun Li, Dachuan Li, Jianjun Jia, Liwei Chen, Silian Wang, Yushu Bai and Ming Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:187

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. The conventional way to identify generalised joint hypermobility is by a physical examination according to the Beighton Score. However, a physical examination is time-consuming in clinical practise and may be ...

    Authors: Martin Glans, Mats B. Humble, Marie Elwin and Susanne Bejerot

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:174

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Hand osteoarthritis (OA) has a wide spectrum of clinical presentations and physical function is one of the core domains where patients suffer. The Functional Index for Hand Osteoarthritis (FIHOA) is a leading ...

    Authors: Yasunobu Nakagawa, Shigeru Kurimoto, Emmanuel Maheu, Yuichiro Matsui, Yuri Kanno, Kunitaka Menuki, Masanori Hayashi, Tetsuya Nemoto, Takanobu Nishizuka, Masahiro Tatebe, Michiro Yamamoto, Katsuyuki Iwatsuki, Renée Liliane Dreiser and Hitoshi Hirata

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:173

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (DEH), also known as Trevor’s disease, is a rare skeletal developmental disorder affecting the epiphyses in pediatric patients. DEH is characterized by an asymmetric osteochon...

    Authors: Fei Gao, Guo Chen, Ruoyu Wang, Pan Huang, Jing Wang and Weihua Xu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:167

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  30. A combination of conventional computed tomography and single photon emitted computed tomography (SPECT/CT) provides simultaneous data on the intensity and location of osteoblastic activity. Currently, since SP...

    Authors: Félix Dandois, Stijn De Buck, Lucas Beckers, Darshan Shah, Laura Slane, Hilde Vandenneucker and Lennart Scheys

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:162

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  31. Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP) is a relatively rare benign extraperiosteal osteochondroma-like proliferative lesion that shares similarities with malignant tumours in terms of morpho...

    Authors: Ruoyu Yao, En Lin Goh, Zhaoxiang Fan, Xuequn Wu and Yanqi Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:161

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HCS) is a rare inherited skeletal disorder caused by pathogenic mutations in exon 34 of NOTCH2. Its highly variable phenotypes make early diagnosis challenging. In this paper, we report a c...

    Authors: Chunhua Zeng, Yunting Lin, Zhikun Lu, Zhen Chen, Xiaoling Jiang, Xiaojian Mao, Zongcai Liu, Xinshuo Lu, Kangdi Zhang, Qiaoli Yu, Xiaoya Wang, Yonglan Huang and Li Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:154

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. Seven T ultra-high field MRI systems have recently been approved for clinical use by the U.S. and European regulatory agencies. These systems are now being used clinically and will likely be more widely availa...

    Authors: Christoph Treutlein, Tobias Bäuerle, Armin M. Nagel, Ali Guermazi, Arnd Kleyer, David Simon, Georg Schett, Tobias Hepp, Michael Uder and Frank W. Roemer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:116

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  34. The aim of this study was twofold: (i) to investigate the intrarater reliability of acromiohumeral distance measurement; (ii) to assess the level of association between acromiohumeral distance measured by ultr...

    Authors: Mingmin Xu, Zhenping Li, Youfa Zhou, Bin Ji, Suming Tian and Gang Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:106

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. To evaluate the maximal sectional area (SA) of the rectus capitis posterior minor (RCPmi) muscle and its potential correlation with to be named ligament (TBNL) in the suboccipital area using 3D MR imaging.

    Authors: Mei-Yu Sun, Xu Han, Meng-Yao Wang, Dian-Xiu Ning, Bin Xu, Li-Zhi Xie, Sheng-Bo Yu and Hong-Jin Sui

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:101

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. The lumbar multifidus muscle (LMM) plays a critical role to stabilize the spine. While low back pain (LBP) is a common complaint in soccer players, few studies have examined LMM characteristics in this athleti...

    Authors: Neil Nandlall, Hassan Rivaz, Amanda Rizk, Stephane Frenette, Mathieu Boily and Maryse Fortin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:96

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most severe type of cervical spondylosis and the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction among adults over 55 years old. MRI plays an important role in the dia...

    Authors: Nanfang Xu, Youyu Zhang, Guangjin Zhou, Qiang Zhao and Shaobo Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:83

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  38. Ulnar neuropathy is a common reason for referral to hand surgeons, and 10 to 30% of cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) is idiopathic. We hypothesized that the cause of idiopathic CuTS is in the bony structure.

    Authors: Sang Ki Lee, Seok Young Hwang and Won Sik Choy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:76

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical effect and correlation between preoperative imaging parameters and the clinical effect of endoscopic transforaminal decompression for lumbar spinal sten...

    Authors: Lijun Li, Feng Chang, Yong Hai, Jincai Yang, Cheng Xu, Jie Yuan, Jiuqiang Sun, Qinghua Wang, Shengqiang Ding and Xiaowen Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:68

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Chondromyxoid fibroma-like osteosarcoma (CMF-OS) is an exceedingly rare subtype of low-grade central osteosarcoma (LGCO), accounting for up to 10% of cases and making it difficult to diagnose. CMF-OS is freque...

    Authors: Jingyu Zhong, Liping Si, Jia Geng, Yue Xing, Yangfan Hu, Qiong Jiao, Huizhen Zhang and Weiwu Yao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:53

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of whole-body CT for diagnosis of hand and forearm fractures in intubated patients with suspected polytrauma.

    Authors: F. Münn, R. A. Laun, A. Asmus, R. Bülow, S. Bakir, L. Haralambiev, A. Eisenschenk and S. Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:49

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between epidemiological, clinical and radiographic factors of patients with tibial shaft fractures and the occurrence of acute compartment syndrome.

    Authors: Lydia Wuarin, Amanda I. Gonzalez, Matthieu Zingg, Patrick Belinga, Pierre Hoffmeyer, Robin Peter, Anne Lübbeke and Axel Gamulin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:25

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The objective of this study is to investigate the prognostic values of median nerve strain and applied pressure measurement for the assessment of clinical recovery after carpal tunnel release.

    Authors: Yuichi Yoshii, Wen-lin Tung, Hiroshi Yuine and Tomoo Ishii

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:22

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Elastofibroma is a benign soft tissue tumor characterized by the presence of elastic fibers in a stroma of collagen and mature adipose tissue. It is reported to have a prevalence of 2.73%, as shown by a study ...

    Authors: Omran Al Dandan, Ali Hassan, Mona Al Muhaish, Jumanah AlMatrouk, Haidar Almuhanna and Tarek Hegazi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:16

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  45. Mucosal melanomas are rare and have a high potential for metastasizing. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice for single distant metastases. Malignant melanoma usually shows the highest uptake of fluor...

    Authors: Yu-An Yen, Li-Chun Wu, Na-Mi Lu and Chiang Hsuan Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:13

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  46. The standard diagnostic work-up for hand and wrist fractures consists of history taking, physical examination and imaging if needed, but the supporting evidence for this work-up is limited. The purpose of this...

    Authors: Patrick Krastman, Nina M. Mathijssen, Sita M. A. Bierma-Zeinstra, Gerald Kraan and Jos Runhaar

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2020 21:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: