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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two diagnostic tests routinely used for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)—ultrasonography (US) and nerve conduction studies (NCS)—by comparing t...

    Authors: Benedito Felipe Rabay Pimentel, Flávio Faloppa, Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki and João Carlos Belloti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:115

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in the cervical spine, it is well known that the thoracic ossified lesions often coexist with the cervical lesions and can cause seve...

    Authors: Takashi Hirai, Toshitaka Yoshii, Narihito Nagoshi, Kazuhiro Takeuchi, Kanji Mori, Shuta Ushio, Akio Iwanami, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Shoji Seki, Takashi Tsuji, Kanehiro Fujiyoshi, Mitsuru Furukawa, Soraya Nishimura, Kanichiro Wada, Takeo Furuya, Yukihiro Matsuyama…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:107

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  3. Content type: Research article

    We studied anteromedial varus angulation (VA) in the proximal third of the ulna. The importance of restoration of the anatomical orientation of the ulnar after a proximal fracture is unclear. The purpose of th...

    Authors: Xuchao Shi, Tianlong Pan, Dengying Wu, Rong Chen, Zeng Lin and Jun Pan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:103

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Force steadiness is a quantitative measure of the ability to control muscle tonus. It is an independent predictor of functional performance and has shown to correlate well with different degrees of motor impai...

    Authors: Andreas W. Blomkvist, Fredrik Eika, Eling D. de Bruin, Stig Andersen and Martin Jorgensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:96

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Representing 3%–5% of shoulder girdle injuries scapula fractures are rare. Furthermore, approximately 1% of scapula fractures are intraarticularfractures of the glenoid fossa. Because of uncertain fracture mor...

    Authors: F. Gilbert, L. Eden, R. Meffert, F. Konietschke, J. Lotz, L. Bauer and W. Staab

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:89

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Trigger wrist is a rare condition first described by Marti in 1960, and various causes have been reported. The condition mostly occurs with finger flexion and extension, and rarely with flexion and extension o...

    Authors: Yuichiro Matsui, Daisuke Kawamura, Hiroaki Kida, Kanako C. Hatanaka and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:90

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  7. Content type: Research article

    A concomitant tibial shaft and posterior malleolar fracture is a type of regular compound fracture. The associated posterior malleolar fractures are mostly occult fractures, which often do not show a fracture ...

    Authors: Zhipeng Huang, Yuan Liu, Wenjun Xie, Xiang Li, Xiaodong Qin and Jun Hu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:86

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Articular cartilage degeneration has been evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, this method has several problems, including its time-consuming nature and the requirement of a high magnetic fi...

    Authors: Okihiro Onishi, Kazuya Ikoma, Masamitsu Kido, Yukichi Kabuto, Keiichiro Ueshima, Ken-ichi Matsuda, Masaki Tanaka and Toshikazu Kubo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:81

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation has less approach-related morbidity than open screw placement and is allegedly less traumatizing on paravertebral muscles, as there is no requirement to mobilize and r...

    Authors: F. Gilbert, T. M. Heintel, M. G. Jakubietz, H. Köstler, C. Sebald, R. H. Meffert and A. M. Weng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:75

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Lumbar epidural lipomatosis (LEL) is characterized by abnormal accumulation of unencapsulated adipose tissue in the spinal epidural space. Such accumulation compresses the dural sac and nerve roots, and result...

    Authors: Taketoshi Yasuda, Kayo Suzuki, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi, Shoji Seki, Hiroto Makino, Kenta Watanabe, Takeshi Hori, Tohru Yamagami, Masahiko Kanamori and Tomoatsu Kimura

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:66

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a distinctive slow growing soft tissue neoplasm, mostly affecting young individuals with no gender difference. It usually arises in deep soft tissue of the lower limbs ...

    Authors: Yali Yue, Yongkang Liu, Lina Song, Xiao Chen, Yaohui Wang and Zhongqiu Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:65

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Research into the clinical importance of spinal MRI findings in patients with low back pain (LBP) has primarily focused on single imaging findings, such as Modic changes or disc degeneration, and found only we...

    Authors: Rikke K. Jensen, Peter Kent, Tue S. Jensen and Per Kjaer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:62

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  13. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to determine whether sex, hand length and the individual training status affect hand strength and whether these measurements differ if they are recorded using the Jamar dynamometer or a new cy...

    Authors: Alice Wichelhaus, Christoph Harms, Julia Neumann, Steffen Ziegler, Günther Kundt, Karl Josef Prommersberger, Thomas Mittlmeier and Marion Mühldorfer-Fodor

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:54

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The posterior malleolar fragment (PMF) of an ankle fracture can have various shapes depending on the injury mechanism. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphological characteristics of the PMF acc...

    Authors: Young Yi, Dong-Il Chun, Sung Hun Won, Suyeon Park, Sanghyeon Lee and Jaeho Cho

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:51

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Scaphoidectomy and midcarpal fusion can be performed using traditional fixation methods like K-wires, staples, screws or different dorsal (non)locking arthrodesis systems. The aim of this study is to test the ...

    Authors: Rebecca Woehl, Johannes Maier, Sebastian Gehmert, Christoph Palm, Birgit Riebschlaeger, Michael Nerlich and Michaela Huber

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:52

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Axial loading during MRI (alMRI) combined with T2 mapping recently was shown as a promising method to reveal biomechanical intervertebral disc (IVD) characteristics. This feasibility study aims to investigate ...

    Authors: L. Torén, H. Hebelka, I. Kasperska, H. Brisby and K. Lagerstrand

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:25

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Cross-sectional imaging is not currently used in planning Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA). The aim of our study is to determine correlations between CT parameters and outcomes following THA.

    Authors: Michael A. Heffler, Ryan Barlow, Yin Xi, Daichi Hayashi, Hayden Box, Michael Huo and Avneesh Chhabra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:4

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Fatty Degeneration (FD) of the rotator cuff muscles influences functional and anatomical outcome after rotator cuff repair. The MRI based estimation of fatty degeneration is the gold standard. There is some ev...

    Authors: Fabian Gilbert, Detlef Klein, Andreas Max Weng, Herbert Köstler, Benedikt Schmitz, Jonas Schmalzl and Dirk Böhm

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:549

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies reported that in partial knee arthroplasty smooth transitions to the remaining native parts of the knee are important. However, in mobile-bearing unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) it is mand...

    Authors: Dietmar Dammerer, Michael Liebensteiner, Hannes Rochau, Christian Uprimny, Vinzenz Smekal, Ralf Rosenberger and Elvire Servien

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:532

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