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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

Page 1 of 7

  1. Camptocormia has been reported in a plethora of diseases comprising disorders of the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, and the neuromuscular junction as well as hereditary and acquired myo...

    Authors: Matthias Türk, Armin M. Nagel, Frank Roemer, Ursula Schlötzer-Schrehardt, Christian T. Thiel, Martin Winterholler and Rolf Schröder

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:553

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a challenging complication following total joint arthroplasty (TJA), and the diagnostic criteria remains controversial. The 2018 new definition proposed in May 2018 cons...

    Authors: Haitao Guan, Chi Xu, Jun Fu, Ming Ni, Xiang Li, Wei Chai, Libo Hao, Yonggang Zhou and Jiying Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:552

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Quantification of vertebral bone marrow (VBM) water–fat composition has been proposed as advanced imaging biomarker for osteoporosis. Estrogen deficiency is the primary reason for trabecular bone loss in postm...

    Authors: Michael Dieckmeyer, Stefan Ruschke, Alexander Rohrmeier, Jan Syväri, Ingo Einspieler, Vanadin Seifert-Klauss, Monika Schmidmayr, Stephan Metz, Jan S. Kirschke, Ernst J. Rummeny, Claus Zimmer, Dimitrios C. Karampinos and Thomas Baum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:515

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Charcot neuroarthropathy is a systemic disease that generates pathological changes in the musculoskeletal system, causing instability, dislocations, and deformities. Charcot neuroarthropathy of the knee, due t...

    Authors: Qian-Hao Yang, Peichun Hsu, You-Shui Gao and Chang-Qing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:501

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Multiple published studies quantitatively analysing the diagnostic value of MRI, MR arthrography (MRA) and CT arthrography (CTA) for labral lesions of the shoulder have had inconsistent results. The aim of thi...

    Authors: Fanxiao Liu, Xiangyun Cheng, Jinlei Dong, Dongsheng Zhou, Qian Sun, Xiaohui Bai and Dawei Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:487

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Occult and missed surgical neck fractures can be found in patients diagnosed with isolated greater tuberosity (GT) fracture during the follow up period. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess ...

    Authors: Leo Shaw, Chih-Kai Hong, Fa-Chuan Kuan, Cheng-Li Lin, Ping-Hui Wang and Wei-Ren Su

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:482

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Iliopsoas abscess (IPA) is a rare clinical entity and is difficult to diagnose due to its insidious onset and nonspecific symptoms. The association between IPA and cardiovascular disorders (CVD) has been rarel...

    Authors: Sung-Yuan Hu, Ming-Shun Hsieh, Yao-Tien Chang, Chih-Che Huang, Che-An Tsai, Chung-Lin Tsai, Chiann-Yi Hsu, Chia-Hui Shen and Yan-Zin Chang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:474

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBT) identifies patients with low back pain (LBP) at risk of a worse prognosis of persistent disabling back pain, and thereby facilitates triage to appropriate treatment level. H...

    Authors: Emma Haglund, Ann Bremander and Stefan Bergman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:460

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The treatment of aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) has evolved and less invasive methods have been tried. Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody which inhibits osteoclasts. It has been shown to be effective in giant ce...

    Authors: Hans Roland Dürr, Ferdinand Grahneis, Andrea Baur-Melnyk, Thomas Knösel, Christof Birkenmaier, Volkmar Jansson and Alexander Klein

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:456

    Content type: Case report

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  10. The paraspinal and psoas muscles have been considered to be essentially important for stabilizing the spinal column, and the muscle degeneration was found to exist in degenerative spinal kyphosis (DSK) patient...

    Authors: Weiwei Xia, Han Fu, Zhenqi Zhu, Chenjun Liu, Kaifeng Wang, Shuai Xu and Haiying Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:454

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To compare the imaging parameters pre- and post- reductive procedure for atlantoaxial dislocation via posterior fixation using pedicle screw and rod.

    Authors: Jia Shao, Yanzheng Gao, Kun Gao and Zhenghong Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:451

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aim of this study was to find out whether the shear wave elastography (SWE) findings of patients with unilateral lumbar disc herniation (LDH) were related to clinical characteristics.

    Authors: Qingyuan Wang, Hao Zhang, Jinxin Zhang, Hanqi Zhang and Hui Zheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:438

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common spinal condition and the most frequent indication for spinal surgery in elderly people. General practitioners (GPs) are on the 1st line for its diagnosis and treatment. We...

    Authors: Marie-Ombeline Chagnas, Serge Poiraudeau, Marie-Martine Lefèvre-Colau, François Rannou and Christelle Nguyen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:431

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Existing ultrashort echo time magnetic resonance imaging (UTE MRI) methods require prohibitively long acquisition times (~ 20–40 min) to quantitatively assess the clinically relevant fast decay T2* component in l...

    Authors: Takeshi Fukuda, Kenneth Wengler, Dharmesh Tank, Seth Korbin, James M. Paci, David E. Komatsu, Megan Paulus, Mingqian Huang, Elaine Gould, Mark E. Schweitzer and Xiang He

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:426

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Gout in spine is rare and commonly mimics some infectious or tumoral lesions, the differentiation of spinal gout from other diseases is not always easy. We report a case of gout involved cervical disc and adja...

    Authors: Suying Zhou, Yundan Xiao, Xin Liu, Yi Zhong and Haitao Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:425

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) can effectively treat osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Although satisfactory clinical outcomes can be achieved, bone cement leakage remains a primary complic...

    Authors: Shuai Zhang, Gao Ju Wang, Qing Wang, Jin Yang, Shuang Xu and Chao Hua Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:423

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is used to estimate peak bone mass, define osteoporosis and predict fracture. However, as aBMD is calculated as bone minera...

    Authors: Erik Lindgren, Björn E. Rosengren and Magnus K. Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare idiopathic autoinflammatory bone disease that mostly affects children and adolescents. It is a diagnosis of exclusions since no clinical signs and sy...

    Authors: Joanna Świdrowska-Jaros and Elżbieta Smolewska

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:392

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard in diagnosing rotator cuff pathology; however, there is a lack of studies investigating the reliability agreement for supraspinatus partial-thickness tears...

    Authors: João Alberto Yazigi Junior, Fábio Anauate Nicolao, Nicola Archetti Netto, Fabio Teruo Matsunaga, Jéssica Hae Lim Lee, Stéphanie Yuri Torres Ogata, Leonardo Massamaro Sugawara, André Yui Aihara and Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:383

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between radiographic measurement in lumbar spine and clinical information including symptoms or results of functional testing using a baseline data of l...

    Authors: Kosuke Uehara, Masami Akai, Tokuhide Doi, Hiroyuki Oka and Tsutomu Iwaya

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:379

    Content type: Research article

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  21. During ambulatory follow-up of patients with cerebral palsy (CP) systematic radiographic screening is required firstly to evaluate hip migration and development in the prevention of hip dislocation and secondl...

    Authors: Jef Neirynck, Renee Proost and Anja Van Campenhout

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:366

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The present study aims to describe the imaging features in incident radiographic patellofemoral osteoarthritis (RPFOA) population in a Chinese suburban area.

    Authors: Yudian Qiu, Chutong Lin, Qiang Liu, Qunjie Zhong, Ke Tao, Dan Xing, Hu Li and Jianhao Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:359

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Fibrous hamartoma of infancy(FHI) is a rare benign lesion most frequently occurring within the first year of life. So far, just over 200 cases have been reported in the English literature, in which the radiolo...

    Authors: Yang Ji, Peizhen Hu, Chuanshan Zhang, Qingguo Yan, Hong Cheng, Ming Han, Zhe Huang, Xia Wang, Heng Li and Yuedong Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:356

    Content type: Case report

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  24. We assessed the morphological differences in the knee joint related to knee rotation angle in patients with hip dysplasia. These results may explain the anatomy of the knee in patients with hip dysplasia and a...

    Authors: Norio Imai, Dai Miyasaka, Yuki Hirano, Hayato Suzuki, Kazuki Tsuchiya and Naoto Endo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:353

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Isolated rectus femoris (RF) contracture is encountered very rarely in orthopaedic practices. There are few reports on its imaging manifestations and no cases reported to be treated with arthroscopy.

    Authors: Yunfeng Zhou, Zhengzheng Zhang, Jingyi Hou and Rui Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:350

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a relatively common complication following hip surgery treated with open reduction and internal fixation, total arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty. Development of HO after hip su...

    Authors: Daichi Hayashi, Elaine S. Gould, Corey Ho, Dennis L. Caruana, David E. Komatsu, Jie Yang, Chencan Zhu, Musa Mufti and James Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:348

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The endplate-intervertebral disc (IVD) complex is closely interrelated with the vertebral body (VB) in the structural integrity of the anterior spinal column, including biomechanical and biological functions. ...

    Authors: Tatsuhiko Fujiwara, Koji Akeda, Junichi Yamada, Tetsushi Kondo and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:336

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Radiological assessments are considered an important part of the management of patellar instability (PI). However, PI measurements are influenced by the knee position, which cannot be guaranteed to be the same...

    Authors: Qin Ye, Taihen Yu, Yinbo Wu, Xiaonan Ding and Xiangyang Gong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:317

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The efficacy of postoperative pain management is an important factor that influences the final outcome of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Whether liposomal bupivacaine offers better efficacy compared with tradi...

    Authors: Yuan Liu, Yi Zeng, Junfeng Zeng, Mingyang Li, Wenxing Wei and Bin Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:306

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Intramuscular fat infiltration is a critical factor in surgical decision-making and is the most important factor used to prognosticate surgical repair outcomes in patients with rotator cuff tears. Quantitative...

    Authors: Rajan Khanna, Matthew D. Saltzman, James M. Elliott, Mark A. Hoggarth, Guido M. Marra, Imran Omar, Todd Parrish and Amee L. Seitz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:295

    Content type: Technical advance

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  31. Intramedullary hyperintense lesions associated with spinal cord edema on T2-weighted MR images (T2WI) are rare findings in patients with cervical spondylosis and are poorly characterized. We investigated the c...

    Authors: Naohiro Tachibana, Takeshi Oichi, So Kato, Yusuke Sato, Hiroyuki Hasebe, Shima Hirai, Yuki Taniguchi, Yoshitaka Matsubayashi, Harushi Mori, Sakae Tanaka and Yasushi Oshima

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:284

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) often develop scoliosis that progresses rapidly after loss of ambulation. Management of scoliosis is crucial because it affects both life expectancy and quality ...

    Authors: Young-Ah Choi, Hyung-Ik Shin and Hyun Iee Shin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:277

    Content type: Research article

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  33. It is difficult to diagnose the pathology of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) clinically. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic value of standard non-enhancing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...

    Authors: Jung Youn Kim, Sung-Min Rhee and Yong Girl Rhee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:270

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Due to the high anatomical variability and limited visualization of the scapula, optimal screw placement for baseplate anchorage in reversed total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) is challenging. Image quality pla...

    Authors: Jan Theopold, Philipp Pieroh, Ralf Henkelmann, Georg Osterhoff and Pierre Hepp

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:262

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Periprosthetic fractures (PPF) present a common cause for revision surgery after arthroplasty. The choice of performing either an osteosynthesis or revision arthroplasty depends on the orthopedic implant ancho...

    Authors: Markus Rupp, Stefanie Kern, Abdullah Ismat, Thaqif El Khassawna, Gero Knapp, Gabor Szalay, Christian Heiss and Christoph Biehl

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:258

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Although overuse wrist injuries can have serious consequences, young athletes often do not immediately report their injury to a physician. This qualitative study aimed to identify symptoms and limitations rela...

    Authors: Laura S. Kox, Jip Opperman, P. Paul F. M. Kuijer, Gino M. M. J. Kerkhoffs, Mario Maas and Monique H. W. Frings-Dresen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:235

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In the past few decades, there has been an increasing focus on the importance of patient involvement in the health care system. Patient participation executed through patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and the i...

    Authors: Natasha Lee Sørensen, Lianna Hede Hammeken, Janus Laust Thomsen and Lars Holger Ehlers

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:230

    Content type: Research article

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  38. As treatment of Dupuytren disease (DD) is expected to shift towards prevention of progression, the use of imaging in patients with DD becomes more important. In this systematic review an overview is given of t...

    Authors: Sanne Molenkamp, Roel J. M. van Straalen, Paul M. N. Werker and Dieuwke C. Broekstra

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:224

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Thumb-base osteoarthritis (OA) is a common cause of pain and disability This study aimed to investigate the associations of musculoskeletal ultrasound OA pathologies with the extent of pain, function, radiogra...

    Authors: Win Min Oo, Leticia A. Deveza, Vicky Duong, Kai Fu, James M. Linklater, Edward A. Riordan, Sarah R. Robbins and David J. Hunter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:220

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Diseased, injured, or dysfunctional skeletal muscles may demonstrate abnormal function and contractility. Currently, only few in vivo imaging techniques are able to characterize the contractile properties of m...

    Authors: Lars Henrik Frich, Kate Lykke Lambertsen, John Hjarbaek, Jordi Sanchez Dahl and Anders Holsgaard-Larsen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:192

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Actinomycosis is a rare, chronic granulomatous disease caused by Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that colonize the oral cavity. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is the most frequent clinical presentation of actino...

    Authors: Dong Jin Ryu, Yoon Sang Jeon, Hea Yoon Kwon, Suk Jin Choi, Tae Hoon Roh and Myung Ku Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:185

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2 and T1ρ relaxation are increasingly being proposed as imaging biomarkers potentially capable of detecting biochemical changes in articular cartilage before structural change...

    Authors: Hayden F. Atkinson, Trevor B. Birmingham, Rebecca F. Moyer, Daniel Yacoub, Lauren E. Kanko, Dianne M. Bryant, Jonathan D. Thiessen and R. Terry Thompson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:182

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone-forming tumour, which very unfrequently has multifocal or multicentric presentation. We report the first known case of a multicentric, multifocal and recurrent osteoid osteoma ...

    Authors: Maria Cristina Cortese, Domenico Albano, Carmelo Messina, Giuseppe Perrucchini, Enrico Gallazzi, Mauro Battista Gallazzi, Primo Andrea Daolio and Luca Maria Sconfienza

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:171

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Gorham-Stout syndrome (GSS) with spinal involvement is extremely rare, and bilateral chylothorax as a complication is usually fatal. In our case, pleural effusion appeared in the left hemithorax after ligating...

    Authors: Peng Wang, Wenbo Liao, Guangru Cao and Yongyan Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:154

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the modality of choice for diagnosing and monitoring muscular tissue pathologies and bone marrow alterations in the context of lower back pain, neuromuscular diseases and os...

    Authors: Egon Burian, Alexander Rohrmeier, Sarah Schlaeger, Michael Dieckmeyer, Maximilian N. Diefenbach, Jan Syväri, Elisabeth Klupp, Dominik Weidlich, Claus Zimmer, Ernst J. Rummeny, Dimitrios C. Karampinos, Jan S. Kirschke and Thomas Baum

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:152

    Content type: Database

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  46. Humeral stress fractures are rare injuries usually related to sports practice and joint overload without a direct trauma. A proximal humeral stress fracture has never been reported in a CrossFit athlete.

    Authors: Ivan R. B. Godoy, Eduardo A. Malavolta, Jan Stefan Lundberg, Jader J. da Silva and Abdalla Skaf

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:150

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:289