Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

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  1. Research article

    Treatment and outcomes of tumor-induced osteomalacia associated with phosphaturic mesenchymal tumors: retrospective review of 12 patients

    Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by severe hypophosphatemia and osteomalacia. Nonspecific symptoms make the diagnosis elusive. In addition, locating the responsi...

    Qing-yao Zuo, Hong Wang, Wei Li, Xiao-hui Niu, Yan-hong Huang, Jia Chen, Yu-hua You, Bao-yue Liu, Ai-min Cui and Wei Deng

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:403

    Published on: 21 September 2017

  2. Research article

    Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis of anterior talofibular ligament in lateral chronic ankle instability ankles pre- and postoperatively

    The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate and characterize the dimension and signal intensity of anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) using 3.0 T MRI in the mechanical ankle instability group pre- a...

    Wei Liu, Hong Li and Yinghui Hua

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:397

    Published on: 12 September 2017

  3. Research article

    The added value of musculoskeletal ultrasound to clinical evaluation in the treatment decision of rheumatoid arthritis outpatients: physician experience matters

    Musculoskeletal ultrasound improves the accuracy of detecting the level of disease activity (DA) in RA patients, although its impact on the final treatment decision in a real clinical setting is uncertain. The...

    C. Sifuentes-Cantú, I. Contreras-Yáñez, L. Saldarriaga, A.C. Lozada, M. Gutiérrez and V. Pascual-Ramos

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:390

    Published on: 11 September 2017

  4. Research article

    Measurements of the trapezius and erector spinae muscles using virtual touch imaging quantification ultrasound-Elastography: a cross section study

    This study uses virtual touch imaging quantification (VTIQ) technology for the first time to conduct measurements of the trapezius and erector spinae muscles in a large study population. The significance of va...

    Anne Heizelmann, Sümeyra Tasdemir, Julian Schmidberger, Tilmann Gräter, Wolfgang Kratzer and Beate Grüner

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:370

    Published on: 25 August 2017

  5. Research article

    Clinical and imaging outcome of osteochondral lesions of the talus treated using autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis technique with a biomimetic scaffold

    The purpose of our study was to assess the clinical and imaging outcome of autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) technique consisting of microfractures followed by the filling of osteochondral lesion...

    Domenico Albano, Nicolò Martinelli, Alberto Bianchi, Carmelo Messina, Francesco Malerba and Luca Maria Sconfienza

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:306

    Published on: 18 July 2017

  6. Research article

    The effect of zoledronic acid on type and volume of Modic changes among patients with low back pain

    Modic changes (MC) are associated with low back pain (LBP). In this study, we compared changes in size and type of MC, after a single intravenous infusion of 5 mg zoledronic acid (ZA) or placebo, among chronic...

    Katri Koivisto, Jyri Järvinen, Jaro Karppinen, Marianne Haapea, Markus Paananen, Eero Kyllönen, Osmo Tervonen and Jaakko Niinimäki

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:274

    Published on: 23 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Critical shoulder angle combined with age predict five shoulder pathologies: a retrospective analysis of 1000 cases

    Acromial morphology has previously been defined as a risk factor for some shoulder pathologies. Yet, study results are inconclusive and not all major shoulder diseases have been sufficiently investigated. Thus...

    Philipp R. Heuberer, Fabian Plachel, Lukas Willinger, Philipp Moroder, Brenda Laky, Leo Pauzenberger, Fritz Lomoschitz and Werner Anderl

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:259

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  8. Review

    Magnetic resonance imaging of bacterial and tuberculous spondylodiscitis with associated complications and non-infectious spinal pathology mimicking infections: a pictorial review

    Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of bacterial and tuberculous spondylodiscitis and associated complications. Owing to its high sensitivity and specificity, it is a powe...

    Yogesh Kumar, Nishant Gupta, Avneesh Chhabra, Takeshi Fukuda, Neetu Soni and Daichi Hayashi

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:244

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  9. Research article

    Cervical kyphosis in patients with Lenke type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: the prediction of thoracic inlet angle

    Several studies have explored cervical kyphosis (CK) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. However, few studies have evaluated the cervical alignment in these patients according to their coronal c...

    Ce Zhu, Xi Yang, Bangjian Zhou, Lei Wang, Chunguang Zhou, Tingxian Ling, Limin Liu and Yueming Song

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:220

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  10. Research article

    T1rho and T2 relaxation times of the normal adult knee meniscus at 3T: analysis of zonal differences

    Prior studies describe histological and immunohistochemical differences in collagen and proteoglycan content in different meniscal zones. The aim of this study is to evaluate horizontal and vertical zonal diff...

    Shoichiro Takao, Tan B. Nguyen, Hon J. Yu, Shigeo Hagiwara, Yasuhito Kaneko, Taiki Nozaki, Seiji Iwamoto, Maki Otomo, Ran Schwarzkopf and Hiroshi Yoshioka

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:202

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  11. Research article

    Associations between disc space narrowing, anterior osteophytes and disability in chronic mechanical low back pain: a cross sectional study

    Radiographic features of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) are common findings in patients with chronic mechanical low back pain; however, its role in disability and intensity of pain is debatable. This study aim...

    Romain Shanil Perera, Poruwalage Harsha Dissanayake, Upul Senarath, Lalith Sirimevan Wijayaratne, Aranjan Lional Karunanayake and Vajira Harshadeva Weerabaddana Dissanayake

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:193

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  12. Case report

    Sacroiliitis mimics: a case report and review of the literature

    Radiographic sacroiliitis is the hallmark of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and detection of acute sacroiliitis is pivotal for early diagnosis of AS. Although radiographic sacroiliitis is a distinguishing featur...

    Maria J. Antonelli and Marina Magrey

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:170

    Published on: 22 April 2017

  13. Case report

    Discography aids definitive diagnosis of posterior epidural migration of lumbar disc fragments: case report and literature review

    Posterior epidural migration of lumbar disc fragments (PEMLDF) is extremely rare. It is often confused with other posterior lesions and is usually diagnosed intraoperatively. We here describe the use of preope...

    Morito Takano, Tomohiro Hikata, Soraya Nishimura and Michihiro Kamata

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:151

    Published on: 11 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Sedentary behaviour is associated with increased long-term cardiovascular risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis independently of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity

    Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The physical dysfunction symptomatic of RA means people living with this disease spend large periods of the day s...

    Sally A. M. Fenton, Jet J. C. S. Veldhuijzen van Zanten, George D. Kitas, Joan L. Duda, Peter C. Rouse, Chen-an Yu and George S. Metsios

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:131

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  15. Research article

    Mid-term outcome following revision surgery of clavicular non- and malunion using anatomic locking compression plate and iliac crest bone graft

    Treatment of clavicular non- and malunion is still challenging. Current surgical procedures often result in frustrating functional outcome along with high-grade subjective impairment and increased rates of rev...

    Marc Beirer, Ingo J. Banke, Norbert Harrasser, Moritz Crönlein, Dominik Pförringer, Stefan Huber-Wagner, Peter Biberthaler and Chlodwig Kirchhoff

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:129

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  16. Research article

    Joint-specific assessment of swelling and power Doppler in obese rheumatoid arthritis patients

    Clinical swollen joint examination of the obese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient can be difficult. Musculoskeletal Ultrasound (MSUS) has higher sensitivity than physical examination for swollen joints (SJ). T...

    Erin M. Bauer, Ami Ben-Artzi, Erin L. Duffy, David A. Elashoff, Sitaram S. Vangala, John Fitzgerald and Veena K. Ranganath

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:99

    Published on: 4 March 2017

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