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Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns clinical and research studies of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders focusing on musculoskeletal radiology and diagnostic imaging of musculoskeletal disorders.  

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Spinal surgery requires an intimate understanding of pedicle morphology to provide safe and effective outcomes. Although current research has attempted to identify morphological vertebral pedicle trends, no st...

    Authors: Robert Stockton, Joseph Albano, Jonathon Lentz, Maximillian Ganz, Kanwarpaul Grewal and Gus Katsigiorgis

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:114

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to determine the pre-operative factors that are associated with reparability of the large-sized and massive rotator cuff tears.

    Authors: Vanasiri Kuptniratsaikul, Thongchai Laohathaimongkol, Vantawat Umprai, Chuenrutai Yeekian and Niti Prasathaporn

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:111

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is a serious human endemic chronic osteochondral disease. However, quantitative syntheses of X-ray detective rate studies for KBD are rare. We performed an initial systematic review a...

    Authors: Xi Wang, Yujie Ning, Amin Liu, Xin Qi, Meidan Liu, Pan Zhang and Xiong Guo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:78

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    At any one time, one in every five Canadians has low back pain (LBP), and LBP is one of the most common health problems in primary care. Guidelines recommend that imaging not be routinely performed in patients...

    Authors: Simon D. French, Michael E. Green, R. Sacha Bhatia, Yingwei Peng, Jill A. Hayden, Jan Hartvigsen, Noah M. Ivers, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Christopher M. Booth, Lucia Rühland and Kathleen E. Norman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:50

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Multifocal osteonecrosis (ON) is defined as ON involving three or more distinct anatomical sites. We investigated the clinical characteristics and utility of whole-body bone scans (WBBS) in patients with multi...

    Authors: Young-Sil An, Sunghoon Park, Ju-Yang Jung, Chang-Hee Suh and Hyoun-Ah Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:23

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Osteoid osteoma is a painful benign skeletal tumour of unknown aetiology. Most often it occurs in the long bones of extremities and responds well to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. However, unusual...

    Authors: Josip Vlaic, Lovro Lamot, Sven Simunic, Miroslav Harjacek and Davor Bojic

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:17

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Subchondral bone cysts are a widely observed, but poorly understood, feature in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Clinical quantitative computed tomography (QCT) has the potential to characterize cysts i...

    Authors: Wadena D. Burnett, Saija A. Kontulainen, Christine E. McLennan, Diane Hazel, Carl Talmo, David R. Wilson, David J. Hunter and James D. Johnston

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:14

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Elderly hip fracture (HF) patients are at very high risk of developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which increases their perioperative mortality. However, data focusing on the admission prevalence of DVT in el...

    Authors: Fei Xing, Lang Li, Ye Long and Zhou Xiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:444

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Newly developed simultaneous multi-slice (SMS) scans are now being introduced as a clinical application in neuroimaging. We examined the feasibility of SMS scans for joint imaging. The purpose of the present s...

    Authors: Mayuko Haraikawa, Masashi Suzuki, Kaiji Inoue, Eito Kozawa, Junji Tanaka and Mamoru Niitsu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:440

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  10. Content type: Research article

    A precise comparison of supine and standing whole spine alignment in both the coronal and sagittal planes, including the pelvic parameters, has not been reported. Furthermore, previous studies investigated pos...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Masashi Okamoto, Shun Hatsushikano, Gabriel Caseiro and Kei Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:437

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  11. Content type: Research article

    “Killer turn” effect is a critical explanation for the recurrent posterior laxity following transtibial posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction, which affected by the angle of the tibial tunnel. Meanw...

    Authors: Xiaohui Zhang, Yuanjun Teng, Xinxin Yang, Rui Li, Chongwen Ma, Hong Wang, Hua Han, Bin Geng and Yayi Xia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:436

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) of skeletal muscle has the potential to be a sensitive diagnostic and/or prognostic tool in complex, enigmatic neuromusculoskeletal conditions such as spi...

    Authors: Jacob G. McPherson, Andrew C. Smith, Daniel A. Duben, Katie L. McMahon, Marie Wasielewski, Todd B. Parrish and James M. Elliott

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:433

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Various types of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) findings are used to differentiate malignant vertebral fractures (MVFs) from osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs). The distingu...

    Authors: Zi Li, Ming Guan, Dong Sun, Yong Xu, Feng Li and Wei Xiong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:406

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) is a rare complication that is more prevalent in young patients. NPPE usually results from acute upper airway obstruction, which is most commonly caused by laryngospasm...

    Authors: Guo Chen, Xian-di Wang, Hong-fei Nie, Zhi-qiang Yang, Kang Chen, Zhu-hai Li, Yue-ming Song, Fu-xing Pei and Jian-cheng Zeng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:401

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Three dimensional (3D) markerless asymmetry analysis was developed to assess and monitor the scoliotic curve. While the developed surface topography (ST) indices demonstrated a strong correlation with the Cobb an...

    Authors: Maliheh Ghaneei, Amin Komeili, Yong Li, Eric C. Parent and Samer Adeeb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:385

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Comparisons across studies of generalized joint hypermobility are often difficult since there are several classification methods and methodological differences in the performance exist. The Beighton score is m...

    Authors: Angela Schlager, Kerstin Ahlqvist, Eva Rasmussen-Barr, Elisabeth Krefting Bjelland, Ronnie Pingel, Christina Olsson, Lena Nilsson-Wikmar and Per Kristiansson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:376

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  17. Content type: Research article

    There is a lack of evidence-based quantitative clinical methods to adequately assess posture. Our team developed a clinical photographic posture assessment tool (CPPAT) and implemented this tool in clinical pr...

    Authors: Carole Fortin, Paul van Schaik, Jean-François Aubin-Fournier, Josette Bettany-Saltikov, Jean-Claude Bernard and Debbie Ehrmann Feldman

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:366

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  18. Content type: Research article

    An increased Head Shaft Angle (HSA) has been reported as a risk factor for hip displacement in children with cerebral palsy (CP) but opinions differ in the literature. The purpose of this study was to re-evalu...

    Authors: L Finlayson, T Czuba, M S Gaston, G Hägglund and J E Robb

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:356

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Individual study results have demonstrated unclear relationships between neurocompressive disorders and paraspinal muscle morphology. This systematic review aimed to synthesize current evidence regarding the r...

    Authors: Jeffrey R. Cooley, Bruce F. Walker, Emad M. Ardakani, Per Kjaer, Tue S. Jensen and Jeffrey J. Hebert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:351

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Baker’s cyst is a benign lesion that results from degenerative or inflammatory diseases of the knee joint. When Baker’s cyst ruptures, it may simulate deep vein thrombosis known as Pseudothrombophlebitis syndr...

    Authors: Cevriye Mülkoğlu, Zeynep Alpoğuz Yılmaz, Barış Nacır and Hakan Genç

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:345

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Non-cemented acetabular cup components demonstrated different clinical performance depending on their surface texture or bearing couple. However, clinical osseointegration needs to be proved for each total joi...

    Authors: Anne Jacobsen, Frank Seehaus, Yutong Hong, Han Cao, Alexander Schuh, Raimund Forst and Stefan Sesselmann

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:335

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  22. Content type: Research article

    We sought to document the incidences of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In addition, we aimed to explor whether routine preoperative DVT evaluation was useful to esta...

    Authors: Moon Jong Chang, Min Kyu Song, Min Gyu Kyung, Jae Hoon Shin, Chong Bum Chang and Seung-Baik Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:274

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Sacral insufficiency fractures (SIFs) are a common cause of lower back pain in the elderly. However, because clinical symptoms are frequently vague and nonspecific and can mimic lumbar spine pathologies, initi...

    Authors: Yoon Yi Kim, Bo Mi Chung and Wan Tae Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:257

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Isolated greater trochanter (GT) fractures are relatively rare and few studies have assessed the appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for these fractures. When initial plain radiographs show an is...

    Authors: Nam Hoon Moon, Won Chul Shin, Min Uk Do, Seung Hun Woo, Seung Min Son and Kuen Tak Suh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:256

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Tibial plateau fractures (TPFs) are sometimes overlooked in the emergency room (ER). Using a national register covering 18 years we aimed to find out why and to evaluate if use of a specific radiographic decis...

    Authors: Cecilie Mullerup Kiel, Kim Lyngby Mikkelsen and Michael Rindom Krogsgaard

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:244

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The amount of fatty degeneration (FD) has major impact on the clinical result and cuff integrity after rotator cuff repair. A quantitative analysis with magnet resonance imaging (MRI) spectroscopy was employed...

    Authors: F. Gilbert, R. H. Meffert, J. Schmalzl, A. M. Weng, H. Köstler and L. Eden

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:197

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Accurate measurement of ankle dorsiflexion is important in both research and clinical practice as restricted motion has been associated with many foot pathologies and increased risk of ulcer in people with dia...

    Authors: A. Searle, M. J. Spink and V. H. Chuter

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:183

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Chronic lower back pain is still regarded as a poorly understood multifactorial condition. Recently, the thoracolumbar fascia complex has been found to be a contributing factor. Ultrasound imaging has shown th...

    Authors: Kyra De Coninck, Karen Hambly, John W. Dickinson and Louis Passfield

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:180

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  29. Content type: Technical advance

    It has been suggested that the quantification of paravertebral muscle composition and morphology (e.g. size/shape/structure) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic po...

    Authors: James M. Elliott, Jon Cornwall, Ewan Kennedy, Rebecca Abbott and Rebecca J. Crawford

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:171

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The progression of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration leads to rupture within IVD tissues. The location and appearance of areas of gaseous radiolucency in the IVD, known as vacuum phenomena (VPs), are cons...

    Authors: Koichiro Murata, Koji Akeda, Norihiko Takegami, Kevin Cheng, Koichi Masuda and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:164

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Angioleiomyoma is a very rare benign solitary soft tissue neoplasm originating from smooth muscle layer of blood vessels. The tumor is usually located in the subcutis or the superficial fasciae, but less often...

    Authors: Chenxi Cao, Zhengming Cao, Guangyu Liu, Songyang Liu, Yanqi Ye and Tiezheng Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:163

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Since disc sequestration that mimics a tumor is rare and sometimes presents with an atypical appearance upon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), it is often confused with other more common epidural and intradura...

    Authors: Jingyu Jia, Qiangqiang Wei, Tianlong Wu, Dingwen He and Xigao Cheng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:154

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  33. Content type: Research article

    dGEMRIC (delayed Gadolinium Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Image of Cartilage) is a well-established technique for cartilage quality assessment in osteoarthritis at clinical field strengths. The method is robust,...

    Authors: Pernilla Peterson, Carl Johan Tiderius, Emma Olsson, Björn Lundin, Lars E. Olsson and Jonas Svensson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:149

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is a syndrome characterized by abnormal proliferation of skin and periosteal tissues of the extremities. It can be a rare hereditary disease (pachydermoperiostosis) or can b...

    Authors: Francesco Bozzao, Stella Bernardi, Franca Dore, Lorenzo Zandonà and Fabio Fischetti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:145

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Identification of poor prognostic factors for OVF is important but has not yet been clearly established. Despite paraspinal muscles could play an important role in the etiology of OVF, what influence time-depe...

    Authors: Marina Katsu, Tetsuro Ohba, Shigeto Ebata and Hirotaka Haro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:143

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is commonly used to assess the health of the lumbar spine and supporting structures. Studies have suggested that fatty infiltration of the posterior lumbar muscles is important...

    Authors: David B. Berry, Jennifer Padwal, Seth Johnson, Callan L. Parra, Samuel R. Ward and Bahar Shahidi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:135

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two diagnostic tests routinely used for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)—ultrasonography (US) and nerve conduction studies (NCS)—by comparing t...

    Authors: Benedito Felipe Rabay Pimentel, Flávio Faloppa, Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki and João Carlos Belloti

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:115

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in the cervical spine, it is well known that the thoracic ossified lesions often coexist with the cervical lesions and can cause seve...

    Authors: Takashi Hirai, Toshitaka Yoshii, Narihito Nagoshi, Kazuhiro Takeuchi, Kanji Mori, Shuta Ushio, Akio Iwanami, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Shoji Seki, Takashi Tsuji, Kanehiro Fujiyoshi, Mitsuru Furukawa, Soraya Nishimura, Kanichiro Wada, Takeo Furuya, Yukihiro Matsuyama…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:107

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  39. Content type: Research article

    We studied anteromedial varus angulation (VA) in the proximal third of the ulna. The importance of restoration of the anatomical orientation of the ulnar after a proximal fracture is unclear. The purpose of th...

    Authors: Xuchao Shi, Tianlong Pan, Dengying Wu, Rong Chen, Zeng Lin and Jun Pan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:103

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Force steadiness is a quantitative measure of the ability to control muscle tonus. It is an independent predictor of functional performance and has shown to correlate well with different degrees of motor impai...

    Authors: Andreas W. Blomkvist, Fredrik Eika, Eling D. de Bruin, Stig Andersen and Martin Jorgensen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:96

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Trigger wrist is a rare condition first described by Marti in 1960, and various causes have been reported. The condition mostly occurs with finger flexion and extension, and rarely with flexion and extension o...

    Authors: Yuichiro Matsui, Daisuke Kawamura, Hiroaki Kida, Kanako C. Hatanaka and Norimasa Iwasaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:90

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Representing 3%–5% of shoulder girdle injuries scapula fractures are rare. Furthermore, approximately 1% of scapula fractures are intraarticularfractures of the glenoid fossa. Because of uncertain fracture mor...

    Authors: F. Gilbert, L. Eden, R. Meffert, F. Konietschke, J. Lotz, L. Bauer and W. Staab

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:89

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  43. Content type: Research article

    A concomitant tibial shaft and posterior malleolar fracture is a type of regular compound fracture. The associated posterior malleolar fractures are mostly occult fractures, which often do not show a fracture ...

    Authors: Zhipeng Huang, Yuan Liu, Wenjun Xie, Xiang Li, Xiaodong Qin and Jun Hu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:86

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Articular cartilage degeneration has been evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, this method has several problems, including its time-consuming nature and the requirement of a high magnetic fi...

    Authors: Okihiro Onishi, Kazuya Ikoma, Masamitsu Kido, Yukichi Kabuto, Keiichiro Ueshima, Ken-ichi Matsuda, Masaki Tanaka and Toshikazu Kubo

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:81

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Minimally invasive pedicle screw fixation has less approach-related morbidity than open screw placement and is allegedly less traumatizing on paravertebral muscles, as there is no requirement to mobilize and r...

    Authors: F. Gilbert, T. M. Heintel, M. G. Jakubietz, H. Köstler, C. Sebald, R. H. Meffert and A. M. Weng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2018 19:75

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