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Table 1 Basic patient data

From: Relationship between sarcopenia/paravertebral muscles and the incidence of vertebral refractures following percutaneous kyphoplasty: a retrospective study

Variable Sarcopenia (n = 69) Non-sarcopenia (n = 145) p-value
Sex
  Male 20% (14) 32% (46) 0.08
  Female 80% (55) 68% (99)
Age (years) 80.76 ± 4.02 76.64 ± 5.69  < 0.001
Height (m) 1.56 ± 0.05 1.57 ± 0.05 0.12
Weight (kg) 45.74 ± 3.56 50.17 ± 4.01  < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 18.76 ± 1.19 20.27 ± 1.15  < 0.001
MNA
  A 3% (2) 18% (26)  < 0.001
  B 32% (22) 45% (65)
  C 65% (45) 37% (54)
BMD (T-score) -3.01 ± 0.43 -2.2 ± 0.4  < 0.001
Diabetes
  Yes 41% (28) 12% (17)  < 0.001
  No 59% (41) 88% (128)
Vertebral refracture
  Yes 84% (58) 11% (16)  < 0.001
  No 16% (11) 89% (129)
AMI (kg/m2) 5.04 ± 0.68 6.78 ± 1.01  < 0.001
Handgrip strength (kg) 11.39 ± 1.12 12.67 ± 1.16  < 0.001
Rate of PMA (%) 56.30 ± 4.13 49.03 ± 4.32  < 0.001