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Table 3 The comparison of L4/5 segment activity ranges among the normal spine model and the study of Shim et al.

From: Biomechanical evaluation of percutaneous cement discoplasty by finite element analysis

Motion state Model N Shim et al
Extension(°) 5.45 2.79 ± 0.42
Flexion(°) 7.52 5.48 ± 0.88
Bending(°) 4.034 4.45 ± 1.01
Rotation(°) 3.105 3.80 ± 0.99