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Table 2 Detailed results of clinical outcomes

From: Full-endoscopic foraminoplasty for highly down-migrated lumbar disc herniation

Variables Pre-op 1 m post-op 6 m post-op 12 m post-op Statistic
F
p
VAS back pain 7.41 ± 1.17 3.14 ± 0.89 2.59 ± 0.69 1.76 ± 0.59 351.94 0.00
VAS leg pain 8.68 ± 1.06 2.70 ± 0.46 1.81 ± 0.46 0.92 ± 0.28 1147.39 0.00
ODI scores 92.86 ± 6.41 15.30 ± 4.43 12.03 ± 3.75 9.81 ± 3.24 5987.71 0.00
  1. VAS Visual analog scale, ODI Oswestry disability index