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Table 3 Summary of the available literature involving use of radiofrequency thermal ablation for the treatment of extra- and intra-articular or intra-capsular osteoid osteoma, modified and updated from Lindquester et al. [16]

From: Comparison of arthroscopy versus percutaneous radiofrequency thermal ablation for the management of intra- and juxta-articular elbow osteoid osteoma: case series and a literature review

Study
(year)
Sample size
(intra-articular OO)
Average age of the patients (years) Average duration of symptoms until the accurate diagnosis
(months)
Symptoms Histopathological analysis
performed
(number of confirmations / number of biopsies)
Average follow-up period
(months)
Primary success rate a Recurrence rate
(number of recurrences/ sample size)
Complications
Ghanem et al
(2003) [31]
23
(2)
12 34 intensified nocturnal pain, joint stiffness, limp YES
(1/12)
41 91.3%
(21/23)
8.7%
(2/23)
2 S—developed asymmetry of joint range of motionb
1 m—transient muscle atrophy
Papagelopoulos et al
(2006) [44]
16
(16)
27 NR intensified nocturnal pain (relieved by NSAIDs) NO 30 100%
(16/16)
0%
(0/16)
5 m—transient pain
1 m—transient paraesthesia
Peyser et al
(2007) [32]
51
(7)
20 11 intensified nocturnal pain (relieved by NSAIDs) YES
(15/32)
24 98.0%
(50/51)
2.0%
(1/51)
1 S—wound infection
Peyser et al
(2009) [45]
22
(5)
13 12 pain YES
(8/12)
39 95.5%
(21/22)
4.5%
(1/22)
1 S—subtalar joint degenerative changes
1 m—superficial infection
Akhlaghpoor et al
(2010) [46]
21
(6)
19 43 persistent pain partially relieved by NSAIDs NO 28 100%
(21/21)
0%
(0/21)
1 m—skin burn
Mylona et al
(2010) [19]
23
(7)
28 19 intensified nocturnal pain NO 12 91.3%
(21/23)
0%
(0/23)
NO
Al-Omari et al
(2012) [47]
30
(2)
15 NR intensified nocturnal pain (relieved by NSAIDs) NR 30 93.3%
(28/30)
3.3%
(1/30)
2 m—skin burn
Rimondi et al
(2012) [48]
557
(65)
21  ~ 6 c persistent pain partially relieved by NSAIDs YES
(95/557)
42 95.7%
(533/557)
4.3%
(24/557)
2 S—maximum procedure temperature was not achieved
1 m—thrombophlebitis
1 m—skin burn
1 m—broken electrode
Albisinni et al
(2014) [4]
27
(27)
30 30 intensified nocturnal pain (relieved by NSAIDs) YES
(9/27)
67 96.3%
(26/27)
3.7%
(1/27)
NO
Cheng et al
(2014) [49]
66
(14)
19 NR NR NR 53 92.1%
(58/63)d
7.6%
(5/63)d
1 S—wound infection
Garge et al
(2017) [50]
30
(4)
13 NR intensified nocturnal pain (relieved by NSAIDs) YES
(10/18)
NR 96.7%
(29/30)
0%
(0/30)
1 m—transient interosseous nerve damage following OO ablation of the radial head
Hage et al
(2018) [51]
92
(3)
18 NR intensified nocturnal pain (relieved by NSAIDs) NR 93 91.3%
(84/92)
6.5%
(6/92)
1 S – surgically treated abscess
1 S—pulmonary oedema
Esteban Cuesta et al
(2018) [28]
207
(13)
22 NR characteristic pain NR 12 98.1%
(203/207)
1.9%
(4/207)
3 S—technique failures
May et al
(2019) [29]
43
(26)
12  ~ 6 e intensified nocturnal pain (relieved by NSAIDs), limp YES
(43/84)
12 92.7%
(38/41)
NR 1 S – deep tissue infection
1 S – pathological fracture
1 m – transient paraesthesia
Baal et al
(2019) [30]
71
(1)
16 NR intensified nocturnal pain (relieved by NSAIDs) NR 27 85.9%
(61/71)
14.1%
(10/71)
NO
  1. OO Osteoid Osteoma, S Severe complication, m mild complication, NR Not Reported, NSAIDs Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
  2. alack of clinical symptoms and / or radiological presence of the lesion after the RFA procedure, bboth cases pretend to intra-articular OO, only locations of the intra-articular OOs are presented, cauthors presented that in 55% of cases the period from the first symptoms until the procedure was less than 6 months, dthree patients were lost to follow-up, ^in intra-articular cases of OO, an additional triamcinolone acetonide injection was administered, eauthors presented that in 57% of cases the period from the first symptoms until the procedure was less than 6 months