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Table 4 Neurological disability and complications in patients with isolated pelvic injuries (group A), patients with a combined spine/pelvic injury (group B), patients with isolated acetabular fractures (group C), and patients with combined spine/acetabular injury (group D). Values are % (n)

From: Patients with combined pelvic and spinal injuries have worse clinical and operative outcomes than patients with isolated pelvic injuries analysis of the German Pelvic Registry

  Group A (n = 8.151) Group B (n = 2.281) Group C (n = 1.370) Group D (n = 619)
Neurological deficit at admission
 None 95.95% (7.821) 73.98% (1.638) 95.91% (1.314) 70.60% (437)
 Unknown 0.48% (39) 19.15% (424) 2.26% (31) 21.32% (132)
 L1 0 1.13% (25) 0 1.62% (10)
 L2 0.04% (3) 0.90% (20) 0 1.13% (7)
 L3 0.01% (1) 0.99% (22) 0.15% (2) 1.29% (8)
 L4 0.02% (2) 1.67% (37) 0.29% (4) 2.42% (15)
 L5 0.02% (2) 3.25% (72) 0.66% (9) 4.20% (26)
 S1 0.06% (5) 3.12% (69) 0.36% (5) 3.72% (23)
 S2 0.04% (3) 1.63% (36) 0.29% (4) 1.94% (12)
 S3–5 0.02% (2) 1.13% (25) 0.15% (2) 1.45% (9)
 Bladder sphincter 0.05% (4) 1.72% (38) 0.07% (1) 0.81% (5)
 Rectum sphincter 0.01% (1) 1.36% (30) 0.07% (1) 0.81% (5)
 Peripheral nerves 0.04% (3) 2.03% (45) 1.09% (15) 2.91% (18)
Neurological disability at discharge
 None 92.41% (7.532) 79.49% (1.760) 94.45% (1.294) 76.58% (474)
 Unknown 0.23% (19) 9.58% (212) 1.17% (16) 9.37% (58)
 L1 0 1.49% (33) 0.07% (1) 2.26% (14)
 L2 0.04% (3) 1.45% (32) 0.22% (3) 1.94% (12)
 L3 0.02% (2) 1.90% (42) 0.44% (6) 3.23% (20)
 L4 0.04% (3) 2.71% (60) 0.44% (6) 3.39% (21)
 L5 0.05% (4) 4.88% (108) 1.46% (2)0 6.30% (39)
 S1 0.06% (5) 4.47% (99) 0.58% (8) 5.17% (32)
 S2 0.04% (3) 2.48% (55) 0.29% (4) 2.91% (18)
 S3 – 5 0.02% (2) 1.81% (40) 0.15% (2) 2.26% (14)
 Bladder sphincter 0.01% (1) 2.39% (53) 0 1.62% (10)
 Rectum sphincter 0.01% (1) 2.03% (45) 0 1.45% (9)
 Peripheral nerves 0.06% (5) 3.75% (83) 2.41% (33) 5.33% (33)
Complications
 None 90.42% (7370) 77.82% (1723) 83.94% (1150) 73.99% (458)
 Thrombosis 0.04% (3) 1.67% (37) 1.09% (15) 2.42% (15)
 Embolism 0.05% (4) 1.04% (23) 0.80% (11) 1.45% (9)
 Acute respiratory distress syndrome 0.01% (1) 2.21% (49) 0.22% (3) 2.91% (18)
 Multiorgan failure 0.01% (1) 2.30% (51) 0.29% (4) 2.91% (18)
 Neurological 1.04% (85) 2.98% (66) 2.04% (28) 2.23% (20)
 Superficial infection 0.04% (3) 1.26% (28) 0.88% (12) 1.13% (7)
 Deep infection 0.09% (7) 3.16% (70) 1.90% (26) 4.68% (29)
 Hemorrhage 0.09% (7) 1.67% (37) 1.68% (23) 3.55% (2)
 Hematoma 0.17% (14) 1.40% (31) 1.46% (20) 2.58% (16)
 Seroma 0.01% (1) 0.63% (14) 0.44% (6) 0.97% (6)
 Wound healing disorder 0 0.72% (16) 0.29% (4) 1.62% (10)
 Implant loosening 0.02% (2) 1.76% (39) 0.44% (6) 0.97% (6)
 Implant failure 0.01% (1) 0.90% (20) 0.36% (5) 0.81% (5)
 Secondary fracture dislocation 0.04% (3) 0.86% (19) 0.36% (5) 0.97% (6)
 Other 0.65% (53) 8.81% (195) 6.86% (94) 9.21% (57)