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Table 2 Summary of characteristics of the measurement properties

From: Measurement properties of smartphone applications for the measurement of neck range of motion: a systematic review and meta analyses

  Outcome measure/ measurement property
Study Reliability (Intra rater) Reliability (Inter rater) Measurement Error Criterion Validity Construct Validity Responsiveness
Asymptomatic Clinometer app. – Available free of payment in apple and google play app stores.
 Ullucci et al., 2019 [33] X X X X
 Tousignant-Laflamme et al., 2013 [32] X X X
 Monreal et al., 2021 [29] X X X
Neck pain Goniometer – Available free of charge in apple and google play app stores.
 Pourahmadi et al., 2018 [26] X X X X
 Ghorbani et al., 2020 [10] X X
 Rodríguez-Sanza et al., 2019 [11] X X X
Asymptomatic Compass app. – Available free of charge in apple and google play app stores.
 Guidetti et al., 2017 [13] X X
 Satpute et al., 2019 [12] X X
 Tousignant-Laflamme et al., 2013 [32] X X X
Neck pain Compass app. – Available free of charge in apple and google play app stores
 Rodríguez-Sanza et al., 2019 [11] X X X
Asymptomatic Other apps (custom made). – Non-available in app stores.
 Chang et al., 2019a [28] X X
 Quek et al., 2014 [31] X X X
 Palsson et al., 2019 [30] X X X X X
Neck pain Other apps (custom made). – Non-available in app stores.
 Stenneberg et al., 2018 [27] X X
  1. aGPS status & Toolbox app. – Available in apple (payment required) and google play (free of charge) app stores