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Table 2 Properties of the ligaments in the present study

From: Biomechanical feasibility of semi-rigid stabilization and semi-rigid lumbar interbody fusion: a finite element study

Ligament ALL PLL LF ISL SSL
Elastic modulus (small strain)(MPa) 7.8 10 15 10 8
Transition strain (%) 12 11 6.2 14 20
Elastic modulus (large strain)(MPa) 20 20 19.5 11.6 15
Cross sectional area (mm2) 52.8 16 66.8 26 23