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Table 2 A statistical description of the case series (N = 22 ft in 22 patients)

From: Tips and Tricks in surgical reduction of the posterior column of AO/OTA C3 pilon fractures

Approach Fracture type Mal-reduction articular step-off AOFAS score Complications fracture union(m) follow up(m)
A (n = 3) C3.1 N <2 mm / / / /
  C3.1 N <2 mm 89 / 3 24
  C3.3 Y >5 mm 83 / 3 12
B (n = 5) C3.1 N <2 mm 61 / 6 13
  C3.1 N 2-5 mm 83 / 3.5 15
  C3.2 N <2 mm / / / /
  C3.3 N <2 mm 89 / 3 18
  C3.3 N <2 mm / / / /
C (n = 14) C3.1 N <2 mm 89 / 3 24
  C3.1 N <2 mm 92 Superficial necrosis 3.5 30
  C3.2 Y <2 mm 90 / 3.5 24
  C3.2 Y 2-5 mm 63 / 3.5 13
  C3.2 N <2 mm 91 / 4 30
  C3.2 N <2 mm 66 / 3 18
  C3.2 N <2 mm / / / /
  C3.2 N <2 mm 83 / 4 26
  C3.2 N <2 mm 87 / 3 24
  C3.3 Y <2 mm 81 superficial infection 4.5 19
  C3.3 N <2 mm / / / /
  C3.3 N <2 mm 66 nonunion; Superficial necrosis 4 31
  C3.3 N <2 mm 89 deep infection 4 28
  C3.3 N <2 mm 81 superficial infection 3.5 23
  1. Note: A, B and C represent single anterior approach, modified posteromedial approach and posterolateral approach, respectively