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Table 6 Participant characteristics associated with change in outcomes. Data are Spearman’s rho correlation coefficient with 95% confidence intervals, n = 78 (apart from BMI where n = 77), bold signifies ρ ≥ 0.32

From: Exploring changes, and factors associated with changes, in behavioural determinants from a low-cost, scalable education intervention about knee osteoarthritis: An observational cohort study

  Change in ASES (pain) Change in ASES (function) Change in ASES (other symptoms) Change in PAM Change in motivation to be PA Change in confidence to be sufficiently PA
Age 0.04 (− 0.18 to 0.26) 0.13 (− 0.10 to 0.34) −0.06 (− 0.28 to 0.16) −0.03 (− 0.25 to 0.19) 0.04 (− 0.18 to 0.26) 0.16 (− 0.07 to 0.37)
BMI −0.12 (− 0.34 to 0.11) 0.08 (− 0.15 to 0.30) −0.19 (− 0.40 to 0.04) −0.01 (− 0.23 to 0.21) 0.14 (− 0.09 to 0.35) 0.07 (− 0.16 to 0.29)
Knee pain severity −0.12 (− 0.33 to 0.11) −0.11 (− 0.33 to 0.12) −0.01 (− 0.23 to 0.21) 0.10 (− 0.13 to 0.32) −0.19 (− 0.40 to 0.04) 0.03 (− 0.19 to 0.25)
Need for cognition −0.01 (− 0.23 to 0.21) −0.12 (− 0.33 to 0.11) 0.01 (− 0.21 to 0.23) −0.02 (− 0.24 to 0.20) 0.11 (− 0.12 to 0.33) 0.27* (0.05 to 0.47)
HL Having sufficient information to manage my health − 0.03 (− 0.25 to 0.19) −0.19 (− 0.40 to 0.04) −0.09 (− 0.31 to 0.14) −0.08 (− 0.30 to 0.15) −0.08 (− 0.30 to 0.15) −0.14 (− 0.35 to 0.09)
HL Appraisal of health information − 0.08 (− 0.30 to 0.15) −0.11 (− 0.33 to 0.12) −0.03 (− 0.25 to 0.19) −0.05 (− 0.27 to 0.17) −0.14 (− 0.35 to 0.09) 0.14 (− 0.09 to 0.35)
HL Ability to find good health information 0.08 (− 0.15 to 0.30) −0.12 (− 0.33 to 0.11) 0.01 (− 0.21 to 0.23) −0.08 (− 0.30 to 0.15) −0.06 (− 0.28 to 0.16) −0.00 (− 0.22 to 0.22)
HL Understand health information well enough to know what to do 0.01 (− 0.21 to 0.23) −0.11 (− 0.33 to 0.12) 0.20 (− 0.03 to 0.41) 0.10 (− 0.13 to 0.32) 0.02 (− 0.20 to 0.24) 0.22 (− 0.01 to 0.42)
  1. ASES Arthritis self-efficacy scale, PAM Patient Activation Measure, PA physical activity, HL Health literacy
  2. *p < 0.05