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Table 2 Results for pre-post (within-group) comparison (n = 78)

From: Exploring changes, and factors associated with changes, in behavioural determinants from a low-cost, scalable education intervention about knee osteoarthritis: An observational cohort study

  Baseline (mean ± SD) Follow-up (mean ± SD) Change (mean ± SD, 95% confidence interval)
Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale (ASES):a
 Pain subscale (5 items, 1–10) 5.8 ± 1.7 7.2 ± 1.8 1.4 ± 1.8, 1.0 to 1.8
 Function subscale (3 items, 1–10) 6.4 ± 2.7 7.5 ± 2.4 1.1 ± 1.4, 0.8 to 1.4
 Other symptoms subscale (6 items, 1–10) 6.2 ± 1.6 7.4 ± 1.6 1.3 ± 1.4, 0.9 to 1.6
Patient Activation Measure (PAM)a
 Average of 13 items (1–4) 3.3 ± 0.4 3.5 ± 0.4 0.23 ± 0.35, 0.16 to 0.31
 Importance of regular physical activity (0–10)a 8.8 ± 1.5 9.3 ± 1.1 0.4 ± 1.3, 0.1 to 0.7
 Confidence can achieve sufficient physical activity (0–10)a 6.6 ± 2.5 7.4 ± 2.1 0.8 ± 2.0, 0.4 to 1.3
  1. ahigher score indicates better/greater