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Table 3 Clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of participants with low and high SIS (mean ± SD)

From: The “self” in pain: high levels of schema-enmeshment worsen fibromyalgia impact

  Low SIS (high enmeshment)
(n = 61)
High SIS (low enmeshment) (n = 31) p-value
Age 42.7 ± 12.33 38.65 ± 11.64 .203
Caucasian (n) 47 24 .326
Employed (n) 29 19 .212
Married (n) 20 11 .796
Living alone (n) 11 3 .292
Education Level (college degree) (n) 38 21 .607
Annual Income (above $45000) (n) 35 22 .204
PCS 25.66 ± 11.60 17.61 ± 10.78 .002
BPI Severity 5.59 ± 1.62 4.27 ± 1.92 .001
BPI Interference 6.28 ± 2.11 4.56 ± 2.41 .001
FIQR 62.00 ± 13.39 46.36 ± 16.76 .000
Anxiety (PROMIS) 60.27 ± 7.74 56.40 ± 9.20 .045
Depression (PROMIS) 59.79 ± 8.83 53.81 ± 8.54 .002
  1. Note. SISSelf-Illness-Separation; PCS Pain Catastrophizing; BPI Brief Pain Inventory; FIQR Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire-Revised; PROMIS Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (T-Score).