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Table 4 Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis

From: Musculoskeletal symptoms and their associated risk factors among Saudi office workers: a cross-sectional study

Variables Disabling in the last year
(N = 236)
Univariate Multivariable
X2 / t P-value Unadjusted OR (CI) Adjusted
P-value*
Adjusted OR (CI)**
Age (x̄, SD) 41.8 (07.9) - 9.0 <  0.001 1.11 (1.08–1.14) 0.04 1.04 (1.01–1.09)
Gender   7.2 0.007    
 Males 146 (61.9)    1 1 1
 Females 90 (38.1)    0.59 (0.41–0.87) 0.18 1.40 (0.84–2.3)
Marital status   30.3 <  0.001    
 Single 26 (11.0)    0.26 (0.16–0.43) 0.93 0.97 (0.47–1.97)
 Married 204 (86.4)    1 1 1
 Divorced 06 (02.06)    1.40 (0.34–5.69) 0.43 1.99 (0.35–11.33)
Educational level   0.08 0.95    
 High school 73 (30.9)    1.06 (0.69–1.62) 0.21 0.70 (0.39–1.23)
 Bachelor’s degree 121 (51.3)    1 1 1
 Higher education 42 (17.8)    1.03 (0.62–1.71) 0.34 0.71 (0.35–1.44)
BMI   116.48 <  0.001    
 Normal weight 27 (11.4)    0.09 (0.05–0.16) <  0.001 0.10 (0.05–0.18)
 Overweight 112 (47.5)    1 1 1
 Obese 97 (41.1)    1.35 (0.81–2.24) 0.74 1.09 (0.62–1.92)
Years on the job (x̄, SD) 15.30 (0.53) −9.8 < 0.001 1.13 (1.10–1.17) < 0.001 1.10 (1.05–1.15)
Handedness   0.31 0.57    
 Left 15 (06.4)    1.25 (0.56–2.80) 0.93 2.03 (0.66–1.97)
 Right 221 (93.6)    1 1 1
Chronic conditions   3.4 0.06    
 No 170 (72.0)    1 1 1
 Yes 66 (28.0)    1.51 (0.97–2.33) 0.21 0.69 (0.38–1.25)
ROSA score   47.24 <  0.001    
 Low risk 122 (51.69)    1 1 1
 High risk 114 (48.31)    4.35 (2.82–6.71) 0.02 1.77 (1.05–2.96)
  1. * ** Based on logistic regression adjusting for age, sex, BMI, Years on the job and ROSA score