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Table 3 Musculoskeletal symptom and their association with ROSA ergonomic index score across participating office workers

From: Musculoskeletal symptoms and their associated risk factors among Saudi office workers: a cross-sectional study

Body part In the past 7 days In the past 12 months Disabling in the past 12 months Seen a doctor
Rosa Score ROSA Score ROSA Score ROSA Score
Low risk High risk Low risk High risk Low risk High risk Low risk High risk
Any part
 No 147 (78.6) 40 (21.4) 67 (95.7) 3 (04.3) 177 (82.3) 38 (17.7) 228 (72.8) 85 (27.2)
 Yes 152 (57.6) 112 (42.4) 232 (60.9) 149 (39.1) 122 (51.7) 114 (48.3) 71 (51.5) 67 (48.5)
P-value <  0.001 <  0.001 <  0.001 <  0.001
Neck
 No 245 (71.4) 98 (28.6) 162 (72.0) 63 (28.0) 263 (70.5) 110 (29.5) 264 (68.4) 122 (31.6)
 Yes 54 (50.0) 54 (50.0) 137 (60.6) 89 (39.4) 36 (46.1) 42 (53.9) 35 (53.8) 30 (46.2)
P-value <  0.001 0.01 <  0.001 0.02
Shoulder
 No 212 (68.6) 97 (31.4) 163 (74.8) 55 (25.2) 224 (71.1) 91 (28.9) 267 (69.7) 116 (30.3)
 Yes 87 (61.3) 55 (38.7) 136 (58.4) 97 (41.6) 75 (55.1) 61 (44.9) 32 (47.1) 36 (52.9)
P-value 0.12 <  0.001 <  0.001 <  0.001
Upper Back
 No 259 (68.9) 117 (31.1) 199 (72.1) 77 (27.9) 271 (69.0) 122 (31.0) 278 (68.0) 131 (32.0)
 Yes 40 (53.3) 35 (46.7) 100 (57.1) 75 (42.9) 28 (48.3) 30 (51.7) 21 (50.0) 21 (50.0)
P-value 0.009 <  0.001 0.002 0.02
Elbows
 No 288 (67.3) 140 (32.7) 265 (66.4) 134 (33.6) 294 (67.6) 141 (32.4) 292 (66.8) 145 (33.2)
 Yes 11 (47.8) 12 (52.2) 34 (65.4) 18 (34.6) 5 (31.3) 11 (68.7) 7 (50.0) 7 (50.0)
P-value 0.05 0.88 0.003 0.19
Wrists/Hands
 No 279 (67.5) 133 (32.5) 206 (71.8) 81 (28.2) 285 (68.4) 132 (31.6) 286 (67.8) 136 (32.2)
 Yes 23 (54.8) 19 (45.2) 93 (56.7) 71 (43.3) 14 (41.2) 20 (58.8) 13 (44.8) 16 (55.2)
P-value 0.09 <  0.001 0.001 0.01
Lower Back
 No 253 (70.7) 105 (29.3) 157 (76.6) 48 (23.4) 268 (72.8) 100 (27.2) 259 (68.2) 121 (31.8)
 Yes 46 (49.5) 47 (50.5) 142 (57.7) 104 (42.3) 31 (37.3) 52 (62.7) 40 (56.3) 31 (43.7)
P-value <  0.001 <  0.001 <  0.001 0.05
Hips/Thighs/Buttocks
 No 288 (67.1) 141 (32.9) 247 (68.8) 112 (31.2) 292 (68.9) 132 (31.1) 289 (66.9) 143 (33.1)
 Yes 11 (50.0) 11 (50.0) 52 (56.5) 40 (43.48) 7 (25.9) 20 (74.1) 10 (52.6) 9 (47.4)
P-value 0.09 0.02 <  0.001 0.19
Knees
 No 279 (68.2) 130 (31.8) 219 (71.6) 87 (28.4) 292 (70.0) 125 (23.0) 289 (68.5) 133 (31.5)
 Yes 20 (47.6) 22 (52.4) 80 (55.2) 65 (44.8) 7 (20.6) 27 (79.4) 10 (34.5) 19 (65.5)
P-value 0.007 <  0.001 <  0.001 <  0.001
Ankles/Feet
 No 280 (67.1) 137 (32.9) 245 (69.2) 109 (30.8) 292 (67.7) 139 (32.3) 286 (67.0) 141 (33.0)
 Yes 19 (55.9) 15 (44.1) 54 (55.7) 43 (44.3) 7 (35.0) 13 (65.0) 13 (54.2) 11 (45.8)
P-value 0.18 0.01 0.002 0.19
  1. P-values in bold are significant <  0.05