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Table 1 Qualitative overview of prevalence of WMSDs in secondary industries of Europe

From: Prevalence and incidence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in secondary industries of 21st century Europe: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author, year,
study design,
industry & country
Period of measurement Demographic characteristics Examination method & response rate Tools for examination WMSD & Prevalence
Aasmoe et al. 2008 [20]
Cross-sectional
Seafood industry - Norway
December 2000
Prevalence Period:
12 months
T = 744
F = 85 (21%); < 30 years
F = 97 (24%); 30–39 years
F = 109 (27%); 40–49 years
F = 113 (28%); > 50 years
M = 119 (35%); < 30 years
M = 85 (25%); 30–39 years
M = 71 (21%); 40–49 years
M = 64 (19%); > 50 years
Self-report
50% of the administrative and production workers
Self-Administered Questionnaire (anonymous): “Have you had any of these symptoms during the last 12 months?” Neck/Shoulder F = 89%; whitefish
Neck/Shoulder F = 88%; shrimp
Neck/Shoulder F = 86%; salmon
Wrist/Hand F = 62%; whitefish
Wrist/Hand F = 66%; shrimp
Wrist/Hand F = 82%; salmon
Elbow F = 30%; whitefish
Elbow F = 38%; shrimp
Elbow F = 42%; salmon
Back F = 74%; whitefish
Back F = 74%; shrimp
Back F = 65%; salmon
Leg F = 63%; whitefish
Leg F = 58%; shrimp
Leg F = 61%; salmon
Neck/Shoulder M = 71%; whitefish
Neck/Shoulder M = 85%; shrimp
Neck/Shoulder M = 71%; salmon
Wrist/Hand M = 47%; whitefish
Wrist/Hand M = 37%; shrimp
Wrist/Hand M = 64%; salmon
Elbow M = 25%; whitefish
Elbow M = 18%; shrimp
Elbow M = 24%; salmon
Back M = 74%; whitefish
Back M = 71%; shrimp
Back M = 67%; salmon
Leg M = 50%; whitefish
Leg M = 48%; shrimp
Leg M = 50%; salmon
Afonso et al. 2014 [21]
Cross-sectional
Footwear industry - Portugal
January 2013
Prevalence Period:
12 months
F = 66; 22–55 years Self-report
52.3%
Questionnaire based on 3 validated questionnaires:
1) Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire translated in Portuguese
2) Extended version of the Dutch Musculoskeletal Questionnaire
3) Medium size version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire
Neck T = 32% (n = 21)
Shoulder T = 23% (n = 15)
Elbow T = 21% (n = 14)
Wrist/Hand T = 42% (n = 18)
Thoracic region T = 6% (n = 4)
Lumbar region T = 30% (n = 20)
Hip/Thigh T = 9% (n = 6)
Knee T = 21% (n = 14)
Ankle/Foot T = 15% (n = 10)
Alexopoulos et al. 2006 [22]
Cross-sectional
Shipyard industry - Greece
November 2003–March 2004
Prevalence Period:
12 months
Blue collar workers = 624; ȳ = 38.7 years Self-report
98.5% of the white and blue collar workers
Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire translated into Greek Lower Back = 33%; metal workers
Lower Back = 39.8%; welders
Lower Back = 37.9%; other blue collar workers
Shoulder/Neck = 14.6%; metal workers
Shoulder/Neck = 18.3%; welders
Shoulder/Neck = 25.2%; other blue collar workers
Hand/Wrist = 15.3%; metal workers
Hand/Wrist = 10.8%; welders
Hand/Wrist = 13.4%; other blue collar workers
Andersen et al. 2007 [23]
Cohort
Production industry - Denmark
2-year period
Prevalence Period:
12 months
T = 141; skilled workers
T = 1874; unskilled workers
Self-report
75%; skilled workers baseline
67%; unskilled workers baseline
79%; skilled workers 24-month follow-up
76%; unskilled workers 24-month follow-up
Self-Administered Questionnaire for regional pain status: “How much have you been bothered by pain during the past 12 months?” Neck/Shoulder T = 22%; skilled workers baseline
Elbow/Forearm/Hand T = 17%; skilled workers baseline
Lower Back T = 17%; skilled workers baseline
Hip/Knee/Foot T = 12%; skilled workers baseline
Neck/Shoulder T = 38%; unskilled workers baseline
Elbow/Forearm/Hand T = 22%; unskilled workers baseline
Lower Back T = 25%; unskilled workers baseline
Hip/Knee/Foot T = 22%; unskilled workers baseline
Neck/Shoulder T = 16%; skilled workers 24-month follow-up
Elbow/Forearm/Hand T = 8%; skilled workers 24-month follow-up
Lower Back T = 19%; skilled workers 24-month follow-up
Hip/Knee/Foot T = 17%; skilled workers 24-month follow-up
Neck/Shoulder T = 32%; unskilled workers 24-month follow-up
Elbow/Forearm/Hand T = 21%; unskilled workers 24-month follow-up
Lower Back T = 27%; unskilled workers 24-month follow-up
Hip/Knee/Foot T = 24%; unskilled workers 24-month follow-up
Bang et al. 2005 [24]
Cross-sectional
Seafood industry – Norway
2001
Prevalence Period:
12 months
T = 1588; m = 39 years
F = 889 (56%)
M = 699 (44%)
Self-report
49.8% of the industrial and administrative workers
Not further specified questionnaire. Question “Have you, during the last 12 months, felt pain from the neck/shoulders, elbow, wrists/hands, back and legs?” Neck/Shoulder T = 65.3%
Elbow T = 15.3%
Wrist/Hand T = 39.7%
Back T = 56.1%
Leg T = 39.4%
Bonfiglioli et al. 2006 [25]
Cross-sectional
Electronic industry - Italy
Not mentioned
Prevalence Period:
Point prevalence
F = 19
M = 32
ȳ = 36.3 years
Clinician and experienced electrodiagnostic tester
85%
Bilateral median nerve conduction study
Physical examination
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome T = 43%
Claus et al. 2019 [26]
Cross-sectional
Chemical industry - Germany
January 2011–December 2014
Prevalence Period:
1) 12 months
2) 7 days
T = 1165 (20.9%); < 35 years
T = 634 (11.4%); 35–39 years
T = 930 (16.7%); 40–44 years
T = 1078 (19.4%); 45–49 years
T = 1100 (19.8%); 50–54 years
T = 664 (11.9%); > 55 years
F = 254 (4.6%)
M = 5317 (95.4%)
ȳ = 43.1 years
Self-report Occupational physicians
Not mentioned
Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (modified)
Physical examination
Back T = 66.4%; 12-month prevalence
Back T = 26.3%; 7-day prevalence
De Zwart et al. 2001 [27]
Cross-sectional
Textile, food, metal, electronic, and production industry - The Netherlands
1982–1993
Prevalence Period:
Point prevalence
F = 80 (30.5%); Textile industry
F = 182 (16.0%); Food and beverage industry
F = 61 (11.6%); Assemblers of metal products
F = 52 (17.0%); Assemblers of electrical products
F = 58 (17.4%); Production and related workers NEC
M = 182 (69.5%); Textile industry
M = 958 (84%); Food and beverage industry
M = 463 (88.4%); Assemblers of metal products
M = 254 (83.0%); Assemblers of electrical products
M = 276 (82.6%); Production and related workers NEC
Self-report Regional occupational health service
70–90%
Self-Administered Questionnaire
Physical examination
Neck F = 20.0%; Textile industry
Neck F = 23.6%; Food and beverage industry
Neck F = 16.4%; Assemblers of metal products
Neck F = 30.8%; Assemblers of electrical products
Neck F = 5.5%; Production and related workers NEC
Shoulder F = 12.5%; Textile industry
Shoulder F = 34.1%; Food and beverage industry
Shoulder F = 18.0%; Assemblers of metal products
Shoulder F = 23.1%; Assemblers of electrical products
Shoulder F = 15.5%; Production and related workers NEC
Elbow F = 3.8%; Textile industry
Elbow F = 3.8%; Food and beverage industry
Elbow F = 1.6%; Assemblers of metal products
Elbow F = 7.7%; Assemblers of electrical products
Elbow F = 1.7%; Production and related workers NEC
Wrist F = 1.3%; Textile industry
Wrist F = 13.7%; Food and beverage industry
Wrist F = 4.9%; Assemblers of metal products
Wrist F = 11.5%; Assemblers of electrical products
Wrist F = 0%; Production and related workers NEC
Neck M = 13.2%; Textile industry
Neck M = 10.6%; Food and beverage industry
Neck M = 8.6%; Assemblers of metal products
Neck M = 1.8%; Assemblers of electrical products
Neck M = 11.2%; Production and related workers NEC
Shoulder M = 10.4%; Textile industry
Shoulder M = 17.2%; Food and beverage industry
Shoulder M = 12.5%; Assemblers of metal products
Shoulder M = 13.0%; Assemblers of electrical products
Shoulder M = 12.7%; Production and related workers NEC
Elbow M = 4.4%; Textile industry
Elbow M = 4.4%; Food and beverage industry
Elbow M = 6.5%; Assemblers of metal products
Elbow M = 5.5%; Assemblers of electrical products
Elbow M = 3.6%; Production and related workers NEC
Wrist M = 5.5%; Textile industry
Wrist M = 4.4%; Food and beverage industry
Wrist M = 4.3%; Assemblers of metal products
Wrist M = 3.9%; Assemblers of electrical products
Wrist M = 5.4%; Production and related workers NEC
Descatha et al. 2003 [28]
Cohort
Assembly, textile, food, and packaging industry – France
1993–1994
Prevalence Period:
12 months
T = 479; Assembly industry
T = 262; Textile industry
T = 307; Food industry
T = 160; Packaging industry
Self-report Occupational physicians
Not mentioned
Self-Administered Questionnaire
Physical examination
Medial epicondylitis
T = 5.2%; Assembly industry
T = 2.7%; Textile industry
T = 5.2%; Food industry
T = 2.5%; Packaging industry
Fouquet et al. 2015 [29]
Cross-sectional
Agriculture and food, automotive manufacturing, and energy industry - France
2002–2005
Prevalence Period:
7 days
Not mentioned Occupational physicians
18% of the occupational physicians (all industries)
Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire Thoracic spine
F = 15.0% (n = 113); Agricultural and food industry
F = 19.8% (n = 116); Automotive manufacturing industry
F = 0% (n = 0); Energy
M = 10.4% (n = 182); Agricultural and food industry
M = 19.4% (n = 62); Automotive manufacturing industry
M = 8.3% (n = 12); Energy industry
Ha et al. 2009 [51]
Cross-sectional
Food and drink, garment, shoe and leather, manufacture of wood and wood products, manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products, publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media, chemical, manufacture of rubber and plastic products, manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, manufacture of basic metals, manufacture of fabricated metal products, manufacture of machinery and equipment not elsewhere classified, manufacture of electrical and optical equipment, manufacture of motor vehicles, manufacture of other transport equipment, manufacture of furniture and wood, recycling industry - France
April 2002–April 2005
Prevalence Period:
12 months
F = 113; Food and drink industry
F = 12; Garment industry
F = 28; Shoe and leather industry
F = 6; Manufacture of wood and wood products
F = 12; Pulp, paper and paper products manufacturing
F = 9; Publishing, printing, reproduction of recorded media
F = 2; Chemical industry
F = 45; Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
F = 2; Non-metallic mineral products manufacturing
F = 6; Manufacture of basic metals
F = 11; Manufacture of fabricated metal products
F = 26; Manufacture of electrical and optical equipment NEC
F = 69; Manufacture of electrical and optical equipment
F = 2; Manufacture of motor vehicles
F = 2; Manufacture of other transport equipment
F = 45; Manufacture of furniture and wood industries
F = 0; Recycling
M = 182; Food and drink industry
M = 1; Garment industry
M = 8; Shoe and leather industry
M = 24; Manufacture of wood and wood products
M = 52; Pulp, paper and paper products manufacture
M = 17; Publishing, printing, reproduction of recorded media
M = 8; Chemical industry
M = 84; Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
M = 22; Non-metallic mineral products manufacturing
M = 23; Manufacture of basic metals
M = 91; Manufacture of fabricated metal products
M = 89; Manufacture of electrical and optical equipment NEC
M = 89; Manufacture of electrical and optical equipment
M = 63; Manufacture of motor vehicles
M = 91; Manufacture of other transport equipment
M = 57; Manufacture of furniture and wood industries
M = 7; Recycling
Neurologists
Occupational physicians
17.4% of the occupational physicians
Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire
Physical examination according the “criteria document” (if symptoms
had occurred during the last 12 months)
Upper limb musculoskeletal disorder
F = 13.3%; Food and drink industry
F = 33.3%; Garment industry
F = 10.7%; Shoe and leather industry
F = 50.0%; Manufacture of wood and wood products
F = 33.3%; Pulp, paper and paper products manufacturing
F = 11.1%; Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media
F = 50.0%; Chemical industry
F = 33.3%; Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
F = 0.0%; Manufacture of non-metallic mineral products
F = 50.0%; Manufacture of basic metals
F = 18.2%; Manufacture of fabricated metal products
F = 23.1%; Manufacture of electrical and optical equipment NEC
F = 14.5%; Manufacture of electrical and optical equipment
F = 0.0%; Manufacture of motor vehicles
F = 50.0%; Manufacture of other transport equipment
F = 17.8%; Manufacture of furniture and wood industries
F = 0%; Recycling
M = 12.1%; Food and drink industry
M = 0%; Garment industry
M = 0%; Shoe and leather industry
M = 12.5%; Manufacture of wood and wood products
M = 11.5%; Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products
M = 5.9%; Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media
M = 0.0%; Chemical industry
M = 14.3%; Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
M = 4.6%; Non-metallic mineral products manufacturing
M = 8.7%; Manufacture of basic metals
M = 18.7%; Manufacture of fabricated metal products
M = 14.6%; Manufacture of electrical and optical equipment NEC
M = 15.7%; Manufacture of electrical and optical equipment
M = 25.4%; Manufacture of motor vehicles
M = 11.1%; Manufacture of other transport equipment
M = 10.5%; Manufacture of furniture and wood industries
M = 0%; Recycling
Harkness et al. 2003 [30]
Cohort
Shipyard industry - UK
Not mentioned
Prevalence Period:
1 month
T = 82; 12-month follow-up
T = 67; 24-month follow-up
Self-report
86%; 12-month follow-up
92%; 24-month follow-up
Questionnaire for pain involving one question: “Thinking back over the past month, have you had any ache or pain which lasted for one day or longer?’ If so, indicate the site of this pain on a line drawing of the body.” Shoulder T = 11% (n = 9); 12-month follow-up
Shoulder T = 19% (n = 13); 24-month follow-up
Hussain 2004 [31]
Cross-sectiona
Transport industry - UK
Not mentioned
Prevalence Period:
12 months
T = 323; ȳ = 36.5 years Self-report
70%
Modified version of the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire Neck T = 60% (n = 194)
Shoulder T = 57% (n = 184)
Upper Back T = 17% (n = 55)
Elbow T = 20% (n = 65)
Lower Back T = 65% (n = 211)
Wrist/Hand T = 46% (n = 149)
Hip T = 8% (n = 26)
Knee T = 39% (n = 126)
Ankle/Foot T = 13% (n = 42)
Isolani et al. 2002 [32]
Cross-sectional
Food industry - Italy
March–May 1998
Prevalence Period:
Point prevalence
T = 114; ȳ = 38.0 years
F = 21 (18%); 22–61 years
M = 93 (82%); 22–61 years
Trained physicians
71%
Interview
Physical examination
Median NCSs
Carpal tunnel syndrome T = 53% (n = 60)
Kaergaard and Andersen 2000 [33]
Cohort
Textile industry - Denmark
1994–1997
Prevalence Period:
Point prevalence
F = 243; ȳ = 38.3 years Self-report
Trained physicians who were blinded to the answers from the questionnaire
94%; baseline
55%; follow-up
Questionnaire about current musculoskeletal complaints
Physical examination (neck and arms)
Neck/Shoulder T = 77.6%; baseline
Myofascial pain syndrome T = 15.2%; baseline
Rotator cuff tendinitis T = 5.8%; baseline
Le Manac’h et al. 2012 [34]
Cross-sectional
Food, metal, electronic industry – France
April 2002–April 2005
Prevalence Period:
12 months
T = 295; Food industry
T = 102; Metal industry
T = 115; Electronic industry
ȳ = 38.7 years
Self-report
Occupational physicians
93% of all workers
Nordic Auto-Questionnaire
Physical examination, if indicated
Knee bursitis T = 1.4% (n = 4); Food industry
Knee bursitis T = 2.0% (n = 2); Metal industry
Knee bursitis T = 0.9% (n = 1); Electronic industry
Leclerc et al. 2001 [52]
Cohort
Electrical, textile, food, and packaging industry - France
1993–1994
1996–1997
Prevalence Period:
Point prevalence
T = 247; Electrical industry
T = 63; Textile industry
T = 143; Food industry
T = 103; Packaging
Self-report
Occupational physicians
42.11%
Self-Administered Questionnaire
Physical examination
Carpal tunnel syndrome T = 21.9% (n = 54); Electronic industry
Carpal tunnel syndrome T = 27.0% (n = 17); Textile industry
Carpal tunnel syndrome T = 13.3% (n = 19); Food industry
Carpal tunnel syndrome T = 31.1% (n = 32); Packaging
Lateral epicondylitis T = 20.2% (n = 50); Electronical industry
Lateral epicondylitis T = 4.8% (n = 3); Textile industry
Lateral epicondylitis T = 7.0% (n = 10); Food industry
Lateral epicondylitis T = 7.8% (n = 8); Packaging
Wrist tendinitis T = 8.5 (n = 21); Electronical industry
Wrist tendinitis T = 3.2% (n = 2); Textile industry
Wrist tendinitis T = 21.0% (n = 30); Food industry
Wrist tendinitis T = 10.7% (n = 11); Packaging
Lima et al. 2019 [35]
Cross-sectional
Food industry - Portugal
May 2016
Prevalence Period:
12 months
T = 20 (27%); 24–33 years
T = 21 (28%); 34–44 years
T = 17 (23%); 44–52 years
T = 16 (22%); 54–63 years
F = 53 (71.6%)
M = 21 (28.4%)
ȳ = 41.9 years
Self-report
35.23%
Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire Neck T = 15% (n = 3); 24–33 years
Neck T = 29% (n = 6); 34–44 years
Neck T = 65% (n = 11); 44–53 years
Neck T = 63% (n = 10); 54–63 years
Lower Back T = 35% (n = 7); 24–33 years
Lower Back T = 19% (n = 4); 34–44 years
Lower Back T = 35% (n = 6); 44–53 years
Lower Back T = 69% (n = 11); 54–63 years
Right Shoulder T = 30% (n = 6); 24–33 years
Right Shoulder T = 24% (n = 5); 34–44 years
Right Shoulder T = 53% (n = 9); 44–53 years
Right Shoulder T = 38% (n = 6); 54–63 years
Nordander et al. 2008 [36]
Cross-sectional
Manufacturing industry and mechanical assembly industry - Sweden
Not mentioned
Prevalence Period:
7 days
F = 172; ȳ = 42.0 years
M = 105; ȳ = 36.0 years
Examiners not specified
Not mentioned
Questionnaire-based interview
Physical examination (modified scheme by Ohlsson et al.)
Neck/Shoulder F = 61% (n = 104)
Elbow/Hand F = 55% (n = 95)
Lower Back F = 30% (n = 52)
Knee/Foot F = 41% (n = 70)
Tension neck syndrome F = 20% (n = 34)
Cervicalgia F = 6% (n = 11)
Shoulder tendinitis F = 16% (n = 27)
Acromioclavicular syndrome F = 12% (n = 20)
Epicondylitis F = 6% (n = 11)
Pronator teres syndrome F = 2% (n = 3)
Radial tunnel syndrome F = 1% (n = 1)
Carpal tunnel syndrome F = 8% (n = 13)
Overused hand syndrome F = 2% (n = 3)
Peritendinitis/Tenosynovitis F = 7% (n = 12)
De Quervain’s disease F = 1% (n = 2)
Neck/Shoulder M = 36% (n = 38)
Elbow/Hand M = 34% (n = 36)
Lower Back M = 27% (n = 28)
Knee/Foot M = 32% (n = 34)
Tension neck syndrome M = 12% (n = 13)
Cervicalgia M = 3% (n = 3)
Shoulder tendinitis M = 6% (n = 6)
Acromioclavicular syndrome M = 7% (n = 7)
Epicondylitis M = 3% (n = 3)
Pronator teres syndrome M = 0% (n = 0)
Radial tunnel syndrome M = 0% (n = 0)
Carpal tunnel syndrome M = 2% (n = 2)
Overused hand syndrome M = 0% (n = 0)
Peritendinitis/Tenosynovitis M = 3% (n = 3)
De Quervain’s disease M = 0% (n = 0)
Ólafsdóttir and Rafnsson 2000 [37]
Cross-sectional
Fish industry - Iceland
Not mentioned
Prevalence Period:
1) 12 months
2) 7 days
T = 254
F = 49 (19%); 16–19 years
F = 80 (32%); 20–29 years
F = 125 (49%); 30–54 years
Self-report
71%
Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire Neck = 69%; 12-month prevalence
Shoulder = 78%; 12-month prevalence
Elbow = 17%; 12-month prevalence
Wrist = 47%; 12-month prevalence
Upper Back = 37%; 12-month prevalence
Lower Back = 68%; 12-month prevalence
Hip = 22%; 12-month prevalence
Knee = 28%; 12-month prevalence
Ankle = 24%; 12-month prevalence
Head = 56%; 12-month prevalence
Fingers = 31%; 12-month prevalence
Neck = 44%; 7-day prevalence
Shoulder = 47%; 7-day prevalence
Elbow = 9%; 7-day prevalence
Wrist = 26%; 7-day prevalence
Upper Back = 18%; 7-day prevalence
Lower Back = 39%; 7-day prevalence
Hip = 16%; 7-day prevalence
Knee = 15%; 7-day prevalence
Ankle = 15%; 7-day prevalence
Head = 39%; 7-day prevalence
Fingers = 19%; 7-day prevalence
Pope et al. 2001 [38]
Cross-sectional
Packaging industry - UK
Not mentioned
Prevalence Period:
1 month
T = 203 Self-report
83% of all workers
Manikin and Shoulder Disability Questionnaire Shoulder T = 27% (n = 55)
Ricco and Signorelli 2017 [53]
Cross-sectional
Meat industry - Italy
January 2012
December 2013
Prevalence Period:
Point prevalence
T = 434; ȳ = 37.0 years
F = 198 (45.6%)
M = 236 (54.4%)
Trained clinician
91.8%
Full medical assessment
Ultrasonography and/or NCS in clinically possible cases
Carpal tunnel syndrome F = 17.2% (n = 34)
Carpal tunnel syndrome M = 11.4% (n = 27)
Roquelaure et al. 2002 [54]
Cohort
Shoe industry - France
1996–1997
Prevalence Period:
12 months
Year 1996:
T = 253; ȳ = 40.2 years
F = 158 (62%)
M = 95 (38%)
Year 1997:
T = 191; ȳ = 41.1 years
F = 117 (61%)
M = 74 (39%)
Occupational physicians
90%
Interview
Physical examination
Tension neck syndrome T = 7.5% (n = 19); 1996
Rotator cuff syndrome = 7.9% (n = 20); 1996
Medial epicondylitis T = 0% (n = 0); 1996
Lateral epicondylitis T = 2.0% (n = 5); 1996
Cubital tunnel syndrome T = 5.2% (n = 10); 1996
Radial tunnel syndrome T = 0.4% (n = 1); 1996
Carpal tunnel syndrome T = 18.2% (n = 46); 1996
Guyon’s canal syndrome T = 0.4% (n = 1); 1996
Hand/Wrist tendinitis T = 2.4% (n = 6); 1996
Tension neck syndrome T = 4.2% (n = 8); 1997
Rotator cuff syndrome T = 9.5% (n = 18); 1997
Medial epicondylitis T = 0.5% (n = 1); 1997
Lateral epicondylitis T = 3.1% (n = 6); 1997
Cubital tunnel syndrome T = 4.2% (n = 8); 1997
Radial tunnel syndrome T = 1.0% (n = 2); 1997
Carpal tunnel syndrome T = 22.0% (n = 42); 1997
Guyon’s canal syndrome T = 0.5% (n = 1); 1997
Hand/Wrist tendinitis T = 3.1% (n = 6); 1997
Roquelaure et al. 2006 [39]
Cross-sectional
Food, textile, wood, paper, chemical, steel, machine and equipment, computer, automotive, furniture and wood industry - France
April to September 2002
May to October 2003
Prevalence Period:
Not specified
F = 69; Food industry
F = 31; Textile industry
F = 5; Wood industry
F = 20; Paper industry
F = 39; Chemical industry
F = 9; Steel industry
F = 22; Machine and equipment industry
F = 32; Computer industry
F = 3; Automotive industry
F = 43; Furniture industry
F = 112; Food industry
F = 112; Textile industry
F = 23; Wood industry
F = 55; Paper industry
F = 74, Chemical industry
F = 81; Steel industry
F = 72; Machine and equipment industry
F = 51; Computer industry
F = 40; Automotive industry
F = 50; Furniture industry
Occupational physicians
17.4% of the Sentinal network occupational physicians
Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire
VAS
If symptoms occurred during the past 12 months: physical examination based on the criteria document for the evaluation of work-related upper-limb MSDs
Upper extremity disorders
F = 15.9% (n = 11); Food industry
F = 19.4% (n = 6); Textile industry
F = / (n = 2); Wood industry
F = 25.0% (n = 5); Paper industry
F = 35.9% (n = 14); Chemical industry
F = 33.3% (n = 3); Steel industry
F = 27.3% (n = 6); Machine and equipment industry
F = 12.5% (n = 4); Computer industry
F = / (n = 1); Automotive industry
F = 20.9% (n = 9); Furniture industry
M = 12.5% (n = 14); Food industry
M = 0% (n = 0); Textile industry
M = 13% (n = 3); Wood industry
M = 10.9% (n = 6); Paper industry
M = 12.2% (n = 9); Chemical industry
M = 14.8% (n = 12); Steel industry
M = 12.5% (n = 9); Machine and equipment industry
M = 7.8% (n = 4); Computer industry
M = 20% (n = 8); Automotive industry
M = 20.0% (n = 5); Furniture industry
Sormunen et al. 2009 [40]
Cross-sectional
Meat and dairy industry - Finland
1997
Prevalence Period:
12 months
T = 117
F = 46%; ȳ = 35.0 years
M = 54%; ȳ = 33.0 years
Self-report
85%
Questionnaire Neck/Shoulder F = 89% (n = 424); 18–64 years
Neck/Shoulder F = 90% (n = 275); 18–39 years
Neck/Shoulder F = 86% (n = 149); 49–64 years
Shoulder F = 65% (n = 291); 18–64 years
Shoulder F = 60% (n = 178); 18–39 years
Shoulder F = 75% (n = 113); 49–64 years
Lower Back F = 68% (n = 303); 18–64 years
Lower Back F = 65% (n = 193); 18–39 years
Lower Back F = 73% (n = 109); 49–64 years
Wrist F = 71% (n = 318); 18–64 years
Wrist F = 70% (n = 213); 18–39 years
Wrist F = 72% (n = 105); 49–64 years
Neck/Shoulder M = 78% (n = 432); 18–64 years
Neck/Shoulder M = 75% (n = 318); 18–39 years
Neck/Shoulder M = 87% (n = 113); 49–64 years
Shoulder M = 57% (n = 305); 18–64 years
Shoulder M = 50% (n = 204); 18–39 years
Shoulder M = 82% (n = 99); 49–64 years
Lower Back M = 64% (n = 347); 18–64 years
Lower Back M = 60% (n = 253); 18–39 years
Lower Back M = 75% (n = 92); 49–64 years
Wrist M = 58% (n = 311); 18–64 years
Wrist M = 57% (n = 237); 18–39 years
Wrist M = 63% (n = 74); 49–64 years
Sundstrup et al. 2014 [41]
Cross-sectional
Meat industry - Denmark
Not mentioned
Prevalence Period:
3 months
T = 595; ȳ = 44.0 years
F = 11%
M = 89%
Self-report
92%
Questionnaire: 0–10 modified VAS scale for neck, shoulder, elbow, and hand/wrist regions defined by drawings from the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Neck T = 48%
Shoulder T = 60%
Elbow T = 40%
Hand/Wrist T = 52%
Wixted et al. 2018 [42]
Cross-sectiona
Manufacturing industry - Ireland
Not mentioned
Prevalence Period:
12 months
T = 47 (20%); 21–30 years
T = 97 (41.3%); 31–40 years
T = (27.7%); 41–50 years
T = (11.1%); 51–60 years
F = 47 (20%)
M = 188 (80%)
Self-report
80%
Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (Amended) Neck T = 41% (n = 96)
Shoulder T = 46% (n = 108)
Upper back T = 28% (n = 66)
Lower back T = 57% (n = 134)
Weyh et al. 2020 [43]
Cross-sectional
Steel industry - Germany
July 2016
to May 2017
Prevalence Period:
12 months
T = 145; ȳ = 35.8 years
F = 2 (1%)
M = 143 (99%)
Self-report
Not mentioned
Modified version of the Nordic
Musculoskeletal Questionnaire
Neck T = 61%
Shoulder T = 55%
Elbow T = 32%
Forearm T = 32%
Upper back T = 36%
Lower back T = 71%
Hip = 9%
Knee = 44%
Lower leg = 16%
  1. NEC Not elsewhere classified, T Total, M Male, F Female, m Median age, ȳ Mean age