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Table. 1 Clinical characteristics of the 133 patients with closed fracture a

From: Customized treatment protocols for patients with closed fracture in hospitals at varying coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) risk

  H1 H2 H3 Total P b
Subjects, n 32 45 61 138
Age, y 46.1 ± 19.4 57.1 ± 17.6 53.0 ± 13.7 52.4 ± 16.6 0.001
Male, n (%) 18 (56.3) 21 (46.7) 29 (47.5) 68 (49.3) 0.656
Fracture
  Total, n 35 56 68 159  
  Tibia and fibula 3 (8.6) 9 (16.1) 16 (23.5) 28 (17.6) 0.207
  Femoral neck 5 (14.3) 11 (19.6) 7 (10.3) 23 (14.5) 0.032
  Femur 5 (14.3) 5 (8.9) 5 (7.4) 15 (9.4) 0.393
  Spinal column 8 (22.9) 4 (7.1) 1 (1.5) 13 (8.1) 0.023
  Ankle 1 (2.9) 6 (10.7) 6 (8.8) 13 (8.1) 0.238
  Calcaneus 2 (5.7) 2 (3.6) 7 (10.3) 11 (6.9) 0.035
  Patella 1 (2.9) 4 (7.1) 4 (5.9) 9 (5.7) 0.484
  Clavicle 2 (5.7) 1 (1.8) 6 (8.8) 9 (5.7) 0.163
  Humerus 1 (2.9) 2 (3.6) 5 (7.4) 8 (5.0) 0.047
  Intertrochanteric femur 0 5 (8.9) 3 (4.4) 8 (5.0) 0.069
  Pelvis & acetabulum 4 (11.4) 2 (3.6) 1 (1.5) 7 (4.4) 0.159
  Ulna and radius 1 (2.9) 2 (3.6) 4 (5.9) 7 (4.4) 0.301
  Other 2 (5.7) 3 (5.4) 3 (4.4) 8 (5.0) 0.742
Anesthesia
  Total, n 30 42 61 133  
  General 25 (83.3) 5 (11.9) 5 (8.2) 35 (26.3) 0.003
  Brachial plexus 1 (13.3) 6 (14.3) 14 (23.0) 21 (15.8) 0.237
  Spinal & epidural 4 (13.3) 31 (73.8) 42 (68.9) 77 (57.9) 0.048
Operation type
  Total, n 32 42 61 135  
  Plate and screw 26 (81.3) 33 (78.6) 50 (82.0) 109 (80.7) 0.002
  External fixator 2 (6.3) 0 2 (3.3) 4 (3.0) 0.718
  Joint replacement 4 (12.5) 5 (11.9) 5 (8.2) 14 (10.4) 0.029
  Intramedullary nail 0 4 (9.5) 4 (6.6) 8 (5.9) 0.001
Hospital stay, d
  Total 21.9 ± 8.1 19.5 ± 4.5 15.3 ± 4.3 18.6 ± 5.8  
  Preoperative 10.9 ± 6.1 8.9 ± 4.4 6.8 ± 4.1 8.5 ± 5.0 0.015
  Postoperative 10.7 ± 3.9 6.8 ± 3.4 8.6 ± 3.2 8.9 ± 3.5 0.101
  1. a Reported as n (%) unless indicated otherwise.
  2. b P value comparing 3 target hospitals by ANOVA for continuous variables and chi-squared test for categorical variables.
  3. Abbreviations: H1 Wuhan Union Hospital; H2 People’s Hospital of Dong-Xi-Hu District; H3 People’s Hospital of Caidian District.