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Table 3 The maximum displacement of navicular bone (under the pressure of 3N)

From: Finite element analysis of the kinematic coupling effect of the joints around talus when Ponseti manipulation

Ligaments DF-20° (mm) Neu-0° (mm) PF-20° (mm) PF-40° (mm) Mean (mm)
No Lack of Ligaments 5.09 11.42 18.15 18.10 13.19
Lack of Tibionavicular 23.87 28.52 30.69 28.89 27.99
Lack of Cuneonavicular 6.71 10.29 16.99 16.16 12.54
Lack of anterior tibiotalar 5.14 11.45 18.18 18.13 13.23
Lack of posterior tibiotalar 5.1 11.42 18.18 18.16 13.23
Lack of tibiocalcaneal 5.17 12.46 18.96 18.05 13.66
Lack of calcaneonavicular 7.61 18.75 25.50 24.84 19.18
Lack of talonavicular 13.26 22.44 24.58 23.84 21.03