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Table 3 Modeling on the association between potential risk factors and WMSs in different body regions of participants in the last 12 months using multiple logistic regression (N = 500)

From: Work-related musculoskeletal symptoms among Iranian nurses and their relationship with fatigue: a cross-sectional study

Body region Association between potential risk factors and WMSs
Potential risk factor OR 95% CI p*
Neck Type of employment    
Contract employees: Reference 1.635 1.138–2.349 0.008
Formal employees    
Shoulders Smoking    
No: Reference 2.835 1.389–5.787 0.004
Yes    
Shift work    
No: Reference 2.388 1.120–5.089 0.024
Yes    
Elbows Age (years)    
 ≤ 35: Reference 1.777 1.006–3.167 0.047
 > 35    
Wrists/Hands - - - -
Upper back Age (years)    
 ≤ 35: Reference 2.119 1.35–3.324 0.001
 > 35    
Lower back Job tenure (years)    
 ≤ 10: Reference 1.782 1.054–3.013 0.031
 > 10    
Thighs - - - -
Knees Gender    
Male: Reference 1.772 1.152–2.727 0.009
Female    
Shift work    
No: Reference 2.649 1.200–5.850 0.016
Yes    
Ankles/Feet Gender    
Male: Reference 2.266 1.380–3.718 0.001
Female    
WMSs at least in one body region Age (years)    
 ≤ 35: Reference 1.134 1.024–2.843 0.003
 > 35    
Job tenure (years)    
 ≤ 10 years: Reference 1.604 1.078–2.98 0.034
 > 10 years    
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. Note: p = p-value, Multiple logistic regression